Revolution and Enlightenment C H A P T E R 1 7

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Revolution and Enlightenment C H A P T E R 1 7"

Transcription

1 Revolution and Enlightenment C H A P T E R 1 7

2 The Scientific Revolution

3 A Revolution in Astronomy Ptolemaic system: (geocentric) 2 nd century A.D.; Earth at center of Universe Copernicus: (heliocentric) 16 th century; sun-centered Kepler: orbits were elliptical not circular

4 A Revolution in Astronomy Galileo: discovered, using a telescope, that heavenly bodies were made of substance just like Earth Newton: explained the law of gravity (every object in the universe is attracted to every other object); explained why the planets did not go off orbit.

5 The Scientific Method Francis Bacon: invented the scientific method for collecting & analyzing evidence.

6 The Enlightenment

7 Path to Enlightenment Enlightenment: 18 th century movement based on reason Newton: natural laws governed the physical world (Enlightenment philosophers thought that the natural laws governed human society) John Locke: people were molded by their experiences

8 Toward a New Social Science The state should not interfere in the economy Laissez-faire: Let the people do what they want Adam Smith: Government had 3 responsibilities: 1) protect society from invasion (the army), 2) protect citizens from injustice (the police), 3) keep up certain public works (i.e. canals and roads)

9 The Impact of the Enlightenment

10 Enlightenment and Enlightened Absolutism Enlightened Absolutism: rulers tried to govern by Enlightenment principles while maintaining their royal powers. Did Europe s rulers follow the Enlightenment principles?

11 Prussia: Army and Bureaucracy Frederick William I: One must serve the king with life and limb, and surrender all except salvation. The latter is reserved for God. But everything else must be mine. He built Prussian s army to be the 4 th largest in Europe (behind France, Russia, and Austria) Prussian nobles were the officers in the army.

12

13 Prussia: Army and Bureaucracy Frederick II (Frederick the Great): abolished torture except in treason & murder cases, granted limited freedom of speech and press and more religious toleration. He kept serfdom & the rigid social structure

14 The Austrian Empire Empress Maria Theresa: inherited the throne in 1740; tried to centralize Austria, not opened to Enlightenment but tried to lesson the conditions of the serfs Joseph II: I have made Philosophy the lawmaker of my empire. He abolished serfdom, the death penalty, established the principle of equality before the law, tolerated all religions. He failed because he alienated the nobles by freeing the serfs, alienated the catholic Church by tolerating other religions, and made the serfs unhappy because they couldn t figure out the new reforms.

15 Russia under Catherine the Great Ruled Russia from Said she favored enlightened reforms but would not implement them because her success depended on the Russian nobility Russia expanded southward to the Black Sea and conquered about 50% of Poland s territory

16

17 Enlightened Absolutism? Joseph II sought radical changes Heightened state power in Prussia, Austria, & Russia was used to collect more taxes to create larger armies to wage more wars to gain more power. Frederick the Great: The fundamental rule of governments is the principle of extending their territories.

18 War of the Austrian Succession Maria Theresa succeeded to the Austrian throne King Frederick II tried to take advantage of a woman on the throne He invaded Austria France attacked Austria Great Britain allied with Austria Prussia seized Silesia, Austria France occupied Austrian Netherlands Great Britain captured a French fortress in North America

19

20 War of the Austrian Succession War ( ) Ended with the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle Treaty guaranteed the return of all occupied territories except Silesia to their original owners

21 The Seven Years War Maria Theresa would not accept the loss of Silesia She built an army while diplomatically separating Prussia from France France, Austria, & Russia allied together Great Britain & Prussia allied together

22

23 The Seven Years War War Frederick the Great defeated the Austrians, French, & Russians for a while but his army wore out. Peter III, admirer of Frederick the Great, became czar & withdrew Russian troops. Their was a stalemate in 1763, the war ended, and all territories were returned to their owners. Austria recognized Prussia s permanent control of Silesia.

24 The Seven Years War British & French fought for control of India The French withdrew with the Treaty of Paris in 1763 In North America, The French territories (Canada & Louisiana) were thinly populated but the British 13 colonies had a much greater population. The French and British wanted to settle the Ohio River Valley The French had more of the Native American allies (seen as traders and not settlers)

25 The Seven Years War The British won most of the major naval battles & it gave them an advantage. Treaty of Paris gave Canada & most of the land east of the Mississippi to the British. Spain gave Florida to the British Great Britain was now the world s greatest colonial power

26 Colonial Empires and the American Revolution

27 Colonial Empires in Latin America By the 16 th century, Spain controlled parts of North, Central, and South America Portugal controlled Brazil Those lands were known as Latin America Mestizos: offspring of Europeans & Native Americans Mulattoes: offspring of Africans and Europeans

28 Colonial Empires in Latin America Farming: long-lasting & rewarding; Spanish & Portuguese large land owners employed poor native American workers Spanish and Portuguese wanted to Christianize the Native Americans (Catholicism) The Catholic Church built hospitals, churches, and schools Native Americans were taught reading, writing, and arithmetic.

29 Britain and British North America Queen Anne died in 1714 w/o an heir. George I, an Hanoverian king from Germany, became king. George I did not speak English and George I nor George II knew the English system well. Parliament mostly left the 13 colonies alone & they governed themselves.

30 The American Revolution King George III came to the throne in 1760 He imposed taxes on the colonies to help pay for the Seven Years War The Stamp Act was forced on the colonists to pay for certain printed materials (i.e. legal documents and newspapers) The colonists rebelled against the Stamp Act & it was repealed Tensions continued to grow

31 The American Revolution 1 st Continental Congress (1774): many colonists wanted war April, 1775 Battles of Lexington & Concord Three weeks later the 2 nd Continental Congress met and formed an army They place General George Washing as Commanderin-Chief of the Continental Army July 4, 1776 Thomas Jefferson wrote the Declaration of Independence The War for American Independence officially began

32 The American Revolution The French supplied arms, money, and soldiers to the Continental Army After the Continental Army defeated the British at the Battle of Sarasota, the French officially recognized the American state. Spain and the Dutch Republic entered the war against Great Britain The British surrendered at the Battle of Yorktown in 1781 (the last battle of the war) They signed the Treaty of Paris ending the war in 1783

33 The Birth of a New Nation States did not want to create an united nation at first Articles of Confederation (1781): no strong central government; states were independent of each other; no power to tax Constitutional Convention (1787): Created the Constitution (written by James Madison); created a federal system (power shared between the national government & state governments; created taxes & raised an army; created 3 branches of government w/ checks & balances

34 The Birth of a New Nation Bill of Rights promised to be added to the Constitution (1 st ten amendments) Many European intellectuals saw the American Revolution as the embodiment of the Enlightenment s political dreams

Note Taking Study Guide PHILOSOPHY IN THE AGE OF REASON

Note Taking Study Guide PHILOSOPHY IN THE AGE OF REASON SECTION 1 Note Taking Study Guide PHILOSOPHY IN THE AGE OF REASON Focus Question: What effects did Enlightenment philosophers have on government and society? As you read this section in your textbook,

More information

The Making of a Nation: The French and Indian War

The Making of a Nation: The French and Indian War The Making of a Nation: The French and Indian War During the eighteenth century, Spain, France, and Britain controlled land in North America. Spain controlled Florida. France was powerful in the northern

More information

The American Revolution

The American Revolution Main Idea The American Revolution Enlightenment ideas led to revolution, independence, and a new government for the United States. Content Statement 6/Learning Goal Describe how Enlightenment thinkers

More information

Unit 2 Review Game. 3. Name 1 way the French & Indian War changed the relationship between Britain and their American colonies.

Unit 2 Review Game. 3. Name 1 way the French & Indian War changed the relationship between Britain and their American colonies. Unit 2 Review Game 1. Two part question: (a) What caused the French & Indian War? (b) Name the two European nations that fought in the French & Indian War. 2. Two part question: (a) What was the name of

More information

Chapter 3 The English Colonies

Chapter 3 The English Colonies Chapter 3 The English Colonies Section Notes The Southern Colonies The New England Colonies The Middle Colonies Life in the English Colonies Conflict in the Colonies History Close-up Plymouth Colony Quick

More information

Versailles, Symbol of Royal Power Read about it and look at the pictures. Most of the major treaties in the future will be signed here.

Versailles, Symbol of Royal Power Read about it and look at the pictures. Most of the major treaties in the future will be signed here. Name Chapter 17 Reading Guide The Age of Absolutism Section 1 Extending Spanish Power Philip II and Divine Right Why was Spain a major power in Europe? What does centralized royal power mean? Absolute

More information

Dean - U.S. History. Crisis in the Colonies & The American Revolution Unit Assessment

Dean - U.S. History. Crisis in the Colonies & The American Revolution Unit Assessment Name: Period: Date: Dean - U.S. History Crisis in the Colonies & The American Revolution Unit Assessment 1. What date was the Declaration of Independence written? a. September 17, 1774 b. January 4, 1776

More information

Napoleonic France, 1799 1815. Napoleon Bonaparte as a young Officer

Napoleonic France, 1799 1815. Napoleon Bonaparte as a young Officer Napoleonic France, 1799 1815 Napoleon Bonaparte as a young Officer 1 2 1796 Napoleon crossed the Alps & drove the Austrians out of Northern Italy. He then turned N. Italy into the Cisalpine Republic and

More information

Causes of the American Revolution

Causes of the American Revolution Causes of the American Revolution SWBAT Explain the causes of the American Revolution Do Now The Townshend Act fixed taxes on which item: A.Tea B. Glass C. Lead D.All of the Above The Albany Conference

More information

Important Historical Events of the Colonial Period

Important Historical Events of the Colonial Period Important Historical Events of the Colonial Period 1607 Jamestown, the first permanent English settlement in America, is established by the London Company in southeast Virginia. Jamestown 1619 1620 The

More information

Unit 2: Creating a Nation. U. S. History from 1750 to 1796.

Unit 2: Creating a Nation. U. S. History from 1750 to 1796. Unit 2: Creating a Nation U. S. History from 1750 to 1796. The French vs. English imperial competition for the Ohio river Valley resulted in series of wars that culminated in The French and Indian War

More information

GEORGIA AMERICAN REVOLUTION

GEORGIA AMERICAN REVOLUTION GEORGIA in the AMERICAN REVOLUTION AMERICA HEADS TOWARD INDEPENDENCE: Until 1763, independence was unthinkable!!! Great Britain was the greatest, most powerful nation on earth, and the American colonists

More information

Chapter 2 Democracy in the colonies

Chapter 2 Democracy in the colonies Chapter 2 Democracy in the colonies Learning Objectives Explain how self-government got its start in the colonies Explain the purpose of the Mayflower Compact. Describe the ways the Pilgrims practiced

More information

Name: Class: Global Studies Date: Mr. Wallace. The Enlightenment & The American Revolution Test Review

Name: Class: Global Studies Date: Mr. Wallace. The Enlightenment & The American Revolution Test Review Name: Class: Global Studies Date: Mr Wallace The Enlightenment & The American Revolution Test Review 1) The United States "founding fathers" were not influenced by the ideas of Enlightenment thinkers 2)

More information

Name Date. American Revolution

Name Date. American Revolution Name Date Mastering the Content Circle the letter next to the best answer. American Revolution 1. Before 1760, which statement best describes the colonies? A. The colonies had assemblies that passed laws.

More information

The American Revolution

The American Revolution The American Revolution During the second half of the eighteenth century, North American colonists of the British Empire became increasingly frustrated and disillusioned with being subjected to monarchical

More information

Chapter 9: The Policies of Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson

Chapter 9: The Policies of Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson Chapter 9: The Policies of Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson Department of State, Department of Treasury, Department of War, Attorney General, Postmaster General : 5 government departments established

More information

CHAPTER 19 WORLD HISTORY

CHAPTER 19 WORLD HISTORY CHAPTER 19 WORLD HISTORY Objectives The French Revolution and Napoleon 1. Explain the conflicts that divided the three French estates. 2. Describe the demands for reform made by French citizens in 1789.

More information

How appealing is the idea of packing up all of your belongings and moving to a new area?

How appealing is the idea of packing up all of your belongings and moving to a new area? How appealing is the idea of packing up all of your belongings and moving to a new area? A. Very appealing B. Somewhat appealing C. Somewhat unappealing D. Very unappealing A. A B. B C. C D. D Chapter

More information

America Revolution. Battles

America Revolution. Battles America Revolution Battles Paul Revere s Ride American Patriots Paul Revere and two other riders were dispatched and gave warning to towns around Lexington and Concord, Massachusetts to form militias that

More information

Read 266 270 Copy down below graphic organizer and list 3 significant powers added to the Judicial Branch. Marbury V.

Read 266 270 Copy down below graphic organizer and list 3 significant powers added to the Judicial Branch. Marbury V. Jefferson Charts a New Course CREATE A TWO COLUMN *Jefferson s first goal limit the federal gov t s power over states and citizens. *Jefferson thought the federal gov t under Washington and Adams had become

More information

World History Course Summary Department: Social Studies. Semester 1

World History Course Summary Department: Social Studies. Semester 1 World History Course Summary Department: Social Studies All World History courses (Honors or otherwise) utilize the same targets and indicators for student performance. However, students enrolled in Honors

More information

Copyright 2014 Edmentum - All rights reserved.

Copyright 2014 Edmentum - All rights reserved. Copyright 2014 Edmentum - All rights reserved. AP US History Blizzard Bag 2014-2015 Era of American Revolution 1. Lord Cornwallis did which of the following? A. He organized French assistance. B. He commanded

More information

Chapter 3: The English Colonies

Chapter 3: The English Colonies Chapter 3: The English Colonies Section 1: The Southern Colonies Settlement in Jamestown In 1605 a company of English merchants asked King James I for the right to found, or establish, a settlement. In

More information

THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION

THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION American Strengths and Weaknesses Patriotism Help from French George Washington Small army and short of soldiers Few trained for battle Army plagued by shortage of guns, gunpowder,

More information

WORLD HISTORY: SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTION AND ENLIGHTENMENT. Jeopardy Version Watch out Alex Trebek

WORLD HISTORY: SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTION AND ENLIGHTENMENT. Jeopardy Version Watch out Alex Trebek WORLD HISTORY: SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTION AND ENLIGHTENMENT Jeopardy Version Watch out Alex Trebek Scientists Philosophes Enlightenment Spreads Terms Thnkers 100 100 100 100 100 200 200 200 200 200 300 300

More information

Ch. 21 in class. Tell me what you think an ABSOLUTE RULER is! (Opener) Think of the word ABSOLUTE carefully!

Ch. 21 in class. Tell me what you think an ABSOLUTE RULER is! (Opener) Think of the word ABSOLUTE carefully! Ch. 21 in class Tell me what you think an ABSOLUTE RULER is! (Opener) Think of the word ABSOLUTE carefully! Ch. 21 - Objectives To understand the meaning of ABSOLUTISM! To identify Absolute Rulers and

More information

Ch. 5 : The Federalist Era

Ch. 5 : The Federalist Era Ch. 5 : The Federalist Era Main Idea George Washington The First Congress Thomas Jefferson Details/Notes The first President of the United States. As president, he issued a Proclamation of Neutrality and

More information

The Causes of the French and Indian War

The Causes of the French and Indian War The Causes of the French and Indian War The End of the French Threat 1. relations between England & the colonies had been positive until the 1760s 2. England & France were the two main rivals for leadership

More information

Hobbes, Locke, Montesquieu, and Rousseau on Government

Hobbes, Locke, Montesquieu, and Rousseau on Government CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS FOUNDATION Bill of Rights in Action 20:2 Hobbes, Locke, Montesquieu, and Rousseau on Government Starting in the 1600s, European philosophers began debating the question of who should

More information

Colonization and Revolutionary War The Declaration of Independence

Colonization and Revolutionary War The Declaration of Independence Non-fiction: Colonization and Revolutionary War The Declaration of Independence Colonization and Revolutionary War The Declaration of Independence During the years right before the Revolutionary War, more

More information

The 13 American Colonies Part 1: Coming to America

The 13 American Colonies  Part 1: Coming to America The 13 American Colonies Name: http://www.socialstudiesforkids.com/articles/ushistory/13colonies3.htm Part 1: Coming to America The first colonies in North America were along the eastern coast. Settlers

More information

Politics: a way to resolve social conflict; who gets what, when and how in our society; another term used for government.

Politics: a way to resolve social conflict; who gets what, when and how in our society; another term used for government. Government: A permanent structure in which people make and enforce decisions on how social conflicts will be resolved; decide who gets what and has the power and authority to enforce the rules. Social

More information

Chapter 6 Major Battles of the Texas Revolution

Chapter 6 Major Battles of the Texas Revolution Chapter 6 Major Battles of the Texas Revolution Lesson1: The Battle of Gonzalez Lesson 2: The Battle of the Alamo Lesson 3: The Battle of San Jacinto Lesson 1: Revolution Begins Pages 170-176 Reasons

More information

Chapter 22: World War I. Four most powerful European nations in the early 1900s were Great Britain, France, Germany, Russia.

Chapter 22: World War I. Four most powerful European nations in the early 1900s were Great Britain, France, Germany, Russia. Chapter 22: World War I The Beginnings of World War I World War I was fought from 1914-1918. United States entered World War I in 1917. The Origins of Europe s Great War Nationalism Four most powerful

More information

Chapter 5 The Enlightenment and the American Revolution I. Philosophy in the Age of Reason (5-1) A. Scientific Revolution Sparks the Enlightenment 1.

Chapter 5 The Enlightenment and the American Revolution I. Philosophy in the Age of Reason (5-1) A. Scientific Revolution Sparks the Enlightenment 1. Chapter 5 The Enlightenment and the American Revolution I. Philosophy in the Age of Reason (5-1) A. Scientific Revolution Sparks the Enlightenment 1. Natural Law: Rules or discoveries made by reason B.

More information

The Americans (Survey)

The Americans (Survey) The Americans (Survey) Chapter 6: TELESCOPING THE TIMES Launching the New Nation CHAPTER OVERVIEW As the new government takes hold, the United States sees the growth of political parties. A land purchase

More information

THE AGE OF ENLIGHTENMENT

THE AGE OF ENLIGHTENMENT THE AGE OF ENLIGHTENMENT To view this PDF as a projectable presentation, save the file, click View in the top menu bar of the file, and select Full Screen Mode To request an editable PPT version of this

More information

THE JEFFERSON ERA CHAPTER 10

THE JEFFERSON ERA CHAPTER 10 THE JEFFERSON ERA CHAPTER 10 ELECTION OF 1800 FEDERALISTS- JOHN ADAMS DEMOCRATIC REPUBLICANS- JEFFERSON JEFFERSON ARGUED THAT GOVERNMENT WAS GETTING OUT OF CONTROL (EX: ALIEN SEDITION ACTS) FEDERALISTS

More information

4. Discuss the information as a class (transparency key)

4. Discuss the information as a class (transparency key) Teacher: Sherry Tipps-Holder Grade: 8 Subject: World History/ Lesson designed for inclusion in unit on Scientific Revolution Essential Question: What were the major contributions/innovations of the who

More information

Test Pilot Submission Confirmation

Test Pilot Submission Confirmation Test: US History Chapter 9 Test Date: 12/10/2010 Time: 20:36:40 America/New_York User: sarverr IP: 184.88.59.210 Test Pilot Submission Confirmation Thank you for your submission! E-Mail notification to

More information

Causes of the Revolution War Test. (Do not write on this Test)

Causes of the Revolution War Test. (Do not write on this Test) Causes of the Revolution War Test (Do not write on this Test) 1) Which group supported Patrick Henry, a famous American colonist who said, Give me liberty or give me death? a) Loyalist b) Patriots c) Tories

More information

I N V E S T I C E D O R O Z V O J E V Z D Ě L Á V Á N Í ABSOLUTE MONARCHIES

I N V E S T I C E D O R O Z V O J E V Z D Ě L Á V Á N Í ABSOLUTE MONARCHIES ABSOLUTE MONARCHIES Absolutism: Louis XIV of France born in 1638, ruled 1643-1715 as a child, he had to face the Frondes Revolt when the French high nobles rebelled against him he managed to take control

More information

End of Spanish Rule. Spain acquires Louisiana. Spain acquires Louisiana. Spain acquires Louisiana. Spain Closes East Texas Missions

End of Spanish Rule. Spain acquires Louisiana. Spain acquires Louisiana. Spain acquires Louisiana. Spain Closes East Texas Missions End of Spanish Rule Spanish Texas 1763-1819 Treaty of Paris of 1763: Great Britain gained Canada and all of French land east of the Mississippi River (except New Orleans) Treaty of Paris of 1763: Boundary

More information

AP World History 2013 Free-Response Questions

AP World History 2013 Free-Response Questions AP World History 2013 Free-Response Questions About the College Board The College Board is a mission-driven not-for-profit organization that connects students to college success and opportunity. Founded

More information

Sample Set Boston Tea Party Grade 4

Sample Set Boston Tea Party Grade 4 Sample Set Boston Tea Party Grade 4 Standard 7 Government and Political Systems Students explain the structure and purposes of government and the foundations of the United States democratic system using

More information

Types of Businesses. For each event explain the cause, the actual event, and then the effects of each. Before During After Bacon s Rebellion-

Types of Businesses. For each event explain the cause, the actual event, and then the effects of each. Before During After Bacon s Rebellion- SSUSH1 The student will describe European settlement in North America during the 17th century. a. Explain Virginia s development; include the Virginia Company, tobacco cultivation, relationships with Native

More information

The War of 1812 was the United States of America s first

The War of 1812 was the United States of America s first Constitutional Connection To create a context for this lesson, have students complete Constitutional Connection: War and the Constitution. War in The Early Republic 42 Overview The War of 1812 was the

More information

AP EUROPEAN HISTORY 2014 SCORING GUIDELINES

AP EUROPEAN HISTORY 2014 SCORING GUIDELINES AP EUROPEAN HISTORY 2014 SCORING GUIDELINES Question 3 Analyze the similarities in the methods that various absolute monarchs used in the 1600s and 1700s to consolidate and increase their power. 9 8 Points

More information

Overview. Mission Gate, ca. late 1700s Courtesy Texas Archeological Research Labs. Photo by Hunt Wellborn

Overview. Mission Gate, ca. late 1700s Courtesy Texas Archeological Research Labs. Photo by Hunt Wellborn H C H A P T E R t h r e e H immigration Overview Chapter 3: Immigration covers many groups involved in the early colonization of Texas: farmers, ranchers, soldiers, missionaries, and slaves. Exhibits in

More information

1. How did the Native Americans make it into the Americas? 2. What were the religious beliefs of most Native American tribes?

1. How did the Native Americans make it into the Americas? 2. What were the religious beliefs of most Native American tribes? Social Studies Standard 2 Test Review Native Americans, Explorers, & Colonization 1. How did the Native Americans make it into the Americas? The Native Americans crossed over the Land Bridge (Bering Strait)

More information

Lesson 1: Trouble over Taxes

Lesson 1: Trouble over Taxes Lesson 1 Summary Lesson 1: Trouble over Taxes Use with pages 268 273. Vocabulary Parliament Britain s law-making assembly Stamp Act law that placed a tax on printed materials in the colonies repeal cancel

More information

Take this Test! 1. The Aztec Empire was located in Canada or Central America?

Take this Test! 1. The Aztec Empire was located in Canada or Central America? Take this Test! Round One 1. The Aztec Empire was located in Canada or Central America? 2. Where did Roger Williams eventually settle?...maryland or Rhode Island? 3. During the European settlement of the

More information

Images of the French Revolution and Napoleon. Review A little information about Napoleon Map Work and the Congress of Vienna Reading

Images of the French Revolution and Napoleon. Review A little information about Napoleon Map Work and the Congress of Vienna Reading Images of the French Revolution and Napoleon Review A little information about Napoleon Map Work and the Congress of Vienna Reading Who are these people? What do these images represent? What in the World

More information

Grade 7 History (Part II)

Grade 7 History (Part II) Grade 7 History (Part II) British North America after the Fall of New France Royal Proclamation of 1763 Quebec Act of 1774 The American Revolution/War of Independence The Loyalists War of 1812 Expectations

More information

Reporting Category 1. Eras: Colonial Period, American Revolution Number of Questions on Test: 7 Facts You must Know

Reporting Category 1. Eras: Colonial Period, American Revolution Number of Questions on Test: 7 Facts You must Know Time Period: 1607 1781 Reporting Category 1 Eras: Colonial Period, American Revolution Number of Questions on Test: 7 Facts You must Know 1. The New England Colonies were settled by people seeking religions

More information

CHAPTER FOUR: REVOLUTIONARY AMERICA: CHANGE AND TRANSFORMATION, 1764 1783 READING AND STUDY GUIDE

CHAPTER FOUR: REVOLUTIONARY AMERICA: CHANGE AND TRANSFORMATION, 1764 1783 READING AND STUDY GUIDE CHAPTER FOUR: REVOLUTIONARY AMERICA: CHANGE AND TRANSFORMATION, 1764 1783 READING AND STUDY GUIDE I. Tightening the Reins of Empire A. Taxation without Representation B. The Stamp Act Crisis C. An Assault

More information

Domestic Issue (within the US)

Domestic Issue (within the US) Name: Unit 4 The Early Republic TEST REVIEW Pd: Test Date: 1. List the characteristics of the Early Republic Era: War of 1812, Expansion of the U.S., first five presidents, presidential precedents, etc.

More information

Timeline of the American Revolution

Timeline of the American Revolution Timeline of the American Revolution 1763 February 10 October 7 1764 April 5 1765 March 22 March 24 1766 March 18 The French and Indian War ended with the signing of the Treaty of Paris. Great Britain defeated

More information

Broken Arrow Public Schools AP World and European History Local Objectives

Broken Arrow Public Schools AP World and European History Local Objectives 1 st six weeks 1 Analyze the major civilizations before 1500 and evaluate the contributions of each era to the development of western civilization. (PASS 2-8) 2 Describe the political, social, and economic

More information

Reading History Series. Sample Pages. New France. Unit 1. LAC/c-003354. Jennette MacKenzie and Susan Green. Student Name: Portage & Main Press

Reading History Series. Sample Pages. New France. Unit 1. LAC/c-003354. Jennette MacKenzie and Susan Green. Student Name: Portage & Main Press Reading History Series Unit 1 LAC/c-003354 Jennette MacKenzie and Susan Green Student Name: Table of Contents Looking Back...3 Setting the Stage...4 Strategies for Learning: Use Text Features Immigration

More information

LESSON TWO: THE FEDERALIST PAPERS

LESSON TWO: THE FEDERALIST PAPERS LESSON TWO: THE FEDERALIST PAPERS OVERVIEW OBJECTIVES Students will be able to: Identify the Articles of Confederation and explain why it failed. Explain the argument over the need for a bill of rights

More information

Nationalism in Europe

Nationalism in Europe Nationalism in Europe Section 1: Italian Unification STIRRINGS OF NATIONALISM Nationalism, or devotion to one's national group, was an important force in Europe during the 1800s. Greece, Belgium and Poland

More information

TEACHER S KEY SESSION 1. THE WORLD BEFORE THE GREAT WAR. PRETASK. 3. Pre- listening.

TEACHER S KEY SESSION 1. THE WORLD BEFORE THE GREAT WAR. PRETASK. 3. Pre- listening. TEACHER S KEY SESSION 1. THE WORLD BEFORE THE GREAT WAR. PRETASK 3. Pre- listening. 1. Before 1914, the nations of Europe were involved in a race to obtain overseas colonies all over the world, mainly

More information

GRADES 9, 10, 11, 12 ANCIENT WORLD HISTORY

GRADES 9, 10, 11, 12 ANCIENT WORLD HISTORY Units of Credit: One Year (Elective) GRADES 9, 10, 11, 12 ANCIENT WORLD HISTORY Prerequisites: None Course Overview: World History is designed to trace the development of humans from earliest times to

More information

Table of Contents. Part One: Social Studies Curriculum

Table of Contents. Part One: Social Studies Curriculum Table of Contents Part One: Social Studies Curriculum Chapter I: Social Studies Essay Questions and Prewriting Activities 1. Western Political Thought 1 2. The Age of Revolution 6 3. The Age of Napoleon

More information

Two Views of the Social Contract

Two Views of the Social Contract NAME: Global History III Enlightenment Two Views of the Social Contract In the 1600s, two English thinkers, Thomas Hobbes and John Locke, set forth ideas that were to become key to the Enlightenment. Both

More information

WS/FCS Unit Planning Organizer Subject(s) Social Studies Conceptual Lenses Grade/Course 9 th Grade

WS/FCS Unit Planning Organizer Subject(s) Social Studies Conceptual Lenses Grade/Course 9 th Grade WS/FCS Unit Planning Organizer Subject(s) Social Studies Conceptual Lenses Grade/Course 9 th Grade Change Unit of Study ary Ideas (4.1, 6.1, 6.2) Conflict Unit Title Unit 7: Changes throughout the World

More information

The Louisiana Purchase The Land

The Louisiana Purchase The Land The Louisiana Purchase The Land The Louisiana territory extended from the Mississippi River to the Rocky Mountains and from the Gulf of Mexico to the Canadian border. It was an area of roughly 828,000

More information

Victorian Times : The British Empire

Victorian Times : The British Empire Content : Victorian Times : The British Empire 1. Historical Background 2. The Victorian era 2.1 Foreign policy (The Empire s conflicts) 2.2 Domestic policy (London during her era) 3. Conclusion 1. Historical

More information

Settling the Middle [or Restoration ] Colonies

Settling the Middle [or Restoration ] Colonies THE MIDDLE COLONIES New York Settling the Middle [or Restoration ] Colonies Old Netherlanders at New Netherlands 1600s Golden Age of Dutch history. Major commercial and naval power. Challenging England

More information

Chapter 2, Section 4: Launching the New Nation

Chapter 2, Section 4: Launching the New Nation Chapter 2, Section 4: Launching the New Nation With George Washington the first president, the United States begins creating a working government for its new nation. Opening Activity: In a paragraph discuss

More information

Chapter 2: Europe Looks Outward. Chapter 2.4: France and the Netherlands in North America

Chapter 2: Europe Looks Outward. Chapter 2.4: France and the Netherlands in North America Chapter 2: Europe Looks Outward Chapter 2.4: France and the Netherlands in North America Section Focus Question What impact did the establishment of French and Dutch colonies in North America have on Native

More information

NOTES FRENCH REVOLUTION.notebook October 13, 2014

NOTES FRENCH REVOLUTION.notebook October 13, 2014 NOTES FRENCH REVOLUTION.notebook October 13, 2014 The French Revolution 1 INTRODUCTION The Enlightenment and the American Revolution helped influence other government revolts in countries around the world,

More information

Boston Tea Party Lithograph

Boston Tea Party Lithograph Boston Tea Party Lithograph "The Destruction of Tea at Boston Harbor." 1773. Copy of lithograph by Sarony & Major, 1846. Credit: National Archives and Records Administration Historical Context: The point

More information

Remember the Alamo. The Changing Border of the Southwest

Remember the Alamo. The Changing Border of the Southwest Remember the Alamo The Changing Border of the Southwest Interact: What do you think this picture shows? In the year 1820, the new country of the United States and the newer country of Mexico had a lot

More information

EXAMPLE: "Reading Passages" from: EDU108 - "Alamo Chocolate Pot" Art InHistory's Lesson Plans all feature thematic reading passages which contain

EXAMPLE: Reading Passages from: EDU108 - Alamo Chocolate Pot Art InHistory's Lesson Plans all feature thematic reading passages which contain EXAMPLE: "Reading Passages" from: EDU108 - "Alamo Chocolate Pot" Art InHistory's Lesson Plans all feature thematic reading passages which contain content on the time period, key people, historical events,

More information

Common Assessment Study Guide

Common Assessment Study Guide 1. How does the geography of Europe effect its development? It's variety of mountains and rivers kept people separated from each other allowing them to develop in their own way. 2. Who was William the

More information

Words to Know before You Go!

Words to Know before You Go! Words to Know before You Go! American Revolution Neutral Patriot Loyalist Traitor Conspiracy Petticoat Rebel Betray Fun Facts John Jay was the eighth of ten children. Today King s College, the school where

More information

Chapter 8, Section 2 The Louisiana Purchase. Pages 272-277

Chapter 8, Section 2 The Louisiana Purchase. Pages 272-277 Chapter 8, Section 2 The Louisiana Purchase Pages 272-277 American Settlers Move West By the early 1800s, thousands of Americans settle in the area between the Appalachians and the Mississippi River. Kentucky,

More information

Essential Question: What was the impact of European imperialism in Africa and India?

Essential Question: What was the impact of European imperialism in Africa and India? Essential Question: What was the impact of European imperialism in Africa and India? Unit X Quiz 2 1. When did the Suez Canal open? 2. Why was it initially difficult for European powers to control their

More information

AP UNITED STATES HISTORY 2010 SCORING GUIDELINES

AP UNITED STATES HISTORY 2010 SCORING GUIDELINES AP UNITED STATES HISTORY 2010 SCORING GUIDELINES Question 2 Analyze the political, diplomatic, and military reasons for the United States victory in the Revolutionary War. Confine your answer to the period

More information

Three men worked late into the night. They read and reread,

Three men worked late into the night. They read and reread, By Michael A. Signal Three men worked late into the night. They read and reread, Did you know that during the American Revolution the American flag had only 13 stars to represent the 13 colonies? the men

More information

Chapter 4 Section 2: The Middle Colonies

Chapter 4 Section 2: The Middle Colonies Chapter 4 Section 2: The Middle Colonies In this section, we will: Explain why the colony of New Netherland became the colony of New York. Identify why New Jersey separated from New York. Describe how

More information

The presidency of Thomas Jefferson shapes the U.S. government. The Louisiana Purchase and the War of 1812 strongly affect the nation.

The presidency of Thomas Jefferson shapes the U.S. government. The Louisiana Purchase and the War of 1812 strongly affect the nation. SLIDE 1 Chapter 10 The Jefferson Era, 1800-1816 The presidency of Thomas Jefferson shapes the U.S. government. The Louisiana Purchase and the War of 1812 strongly affect the nation. SLIDE 2 Section 1:

More information

The Age of Jefferson. Topic: Ch. 6

The Age of Jefferson. Topic: Ch. 6 Topic: Ch. 6 Main Idea Election of 1800 Aaron Burr Laissez-faire John Marshall Mississippi River Fletcher v. Peck Louisiana Territory Louisiana Purchase The Age of Jefferson Details/Notes In this election,

More information

Chapter 3: European Exploration and Colonization

Chapter 3: European Exploration and Colonization Chapter 3: European Exploration and Colonization Trade Route to Asia in the 1400s European Trade With Asia Traders - people who get wealth by buying items from a group of people at a low price and selling

More information

APPENDIX IV MODERN WORLD HISTORY DETAILED KEY CONCEPTS TOPIC 1: REVOLUTIONS IN THOUGHT

APPENDIX IV MODERN WORLD HISTORY DETAILED KEY CONCEPTS TOPIC 1: REVOLUTIONS IN THOUGHT APPENDIX IV MODERN WORLD HISTORY DETAILED KEY CONCEPTS TOPIC 1: REVOLUTIONS IN THOUGHT KEY CONCEPT 1.1: Analyze how the Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment ideas impacted human thought. a. Identify

More information

Modern World History Study Guide

Modern World History Study Guide Curriculum, Instruction & Professional Development Curriculum Leader, History/Social Science 997-8000, Ext. 2956 Modern World History Study Guide 10.1 Students relate the moral and ethical principles in

More information

Chapter 10: How Americans Settled the Frontier. The white settlers moving west into land that Native Americans lived : westward expansion.

Chapter 10: How Americans Settled the Frontier. The white settlers moving west into land that Native Americans lived : westward expansion. Chapter 10: How Americans Settled the Frontier Multiple Perspectives and the Idea of a Frontier Frontier : The land west of where most white settlers lived. Native Americans lived on the frontier. The

More information

GRADE 7 SOCIAL STUDIES. History

GRADE 7 SOCIAL STUDIES. History GRADE 7 SOCIAL STUDIES History Standard 1 Historical Thinking Skills Students use information and concepts to interpret, analyze, and draw conclusions about United States history from 1763 1877. 7.1.1

More information

Unit 4 Lesson 8 The Qin and Han Dynasties

Unit 4 Lesson 8 The Qin and Han Dynasties Unit 4 Lesson 8 The Qin and Han Dynasties Directions Read the False statements below. Replace each underlined word with one from the word bank that makes each sentence True. Word Bank Ying Zheng army copper

More information

International Relations. Simulation: The Treaty of Versailles This activity accompanies slide 15 of The Treaty of Versailles (part 1).

International Relations. Simulation: The Treaty of Versailles This activity accompanies slide 15 of The Treaty of Versailles (part 1). Name: Simulation: The Treaty of Versailles This activity accompanies slide 15 of The Treaty of Versailles (part 1).ppt Instructions You are going to take part in a simulation of the Versailles negotiations.

More information

Chapter 6 The Problems that England Faced after the French and Indian War

Chapter 6 The Problems that England Faced after the French and Indian War Page 23 Chapter 6 The Problems that England Faced after the French and Indian War In 1759, thirty-one-year-old General James Wolf led a small but determined band of British soldiers up the steep cliff

More information

Why did the US want to claim small islands in the Pacific Ocean such as Midway Island and Wake Island?

Why did the US want to claim small islands in the Pacific Ocean such as Midway Island and Wake Island? US History & Government Imperialism Why did the US create an empire in the late 19 th Century? Social: Economic: Political: Religious: Military: China Why did the US want to claim small islands in the

More information

Fundamental Principles of American Democracy

Fundamental Principles of American Democracy Fundamental Principles of American Democracy Standard: 12.1 Students explain the fundamental principles and moral values of American democracy as expressed in the U.S. Constitution and other essential

More information

Effects of the Enlightenment Grade Nine

Effects of the Enlightenment Grade Nine History Ohio Standards Connection: Benchmark A Explain connections between the ideas of the Enlightenment and changes in the relationships between citizens and their governments. Indicator 1 Explain how

More information

Mapping the West: The Journey of Lewis and Clark By Michael Stahl

Mapping the West: The Journey of Lewis and Clark By Michael Stahl Mapping the West: The Journey of Lewis and Clark Mapping the West: The Journey of Lewis and Clark By Michael Stahl The United States of America is one of the largest countries on the planet. Forty eight

More information

Colonial Influences STEP BY STEP. OPTIONAL: A PowerPoint presentation is available to walk students through the activities in this lesson.

Colonial Influences STEP BY STEP. OPTIONAL: A PowerPoint presentation is available to walk students through the activities in this lesson. Teacher s Guide Colonial Influences Time Needed: One to two class periods Learning Objectives. Students will be able to: Materials Needed: Student worksheets, overhead or computer projector, scissors,

More information

Protestant Reformation. The reform movement that divided the western church into Catholic & Protestant

Protestant Reformation. The reform movement that divided the western church into Catholic & Protestant Essential Questions: What were indulgences? Why was Martin Luther opposed to the sale of indulgences? Why did Roman Catholic Church officials respond to Luther s ninety-five theses with the eventual excommunication

More information