1 Table of Contents Chapter: Rocks and Minerals Section 1: Minerals Earth s Jewels Section 2: Igneous and Sedimentary Rocks Section 3: Metamorphic Rocks and the Rock Cycle
2 Table of Contents Chapter 3: Rocks and Minerals Objectives: What you should be able to do Section 1: Minerals Earth s Jewels 1. Identify the difference between a mineral and a rock 2. Describe the properties that are used to identify minerals Section 2: Igneous and Sedimentary Rocks 3. Explain how extrusive and intrusive igneous rocks are different 4. Describe how different types of sedimentary rocks form Section 3: Metamorphic Rocks and the Rock Cycle 5. Describe the conditions needed for metamorphic rocks to form 6. Explain how all rocks are linked by the rock cycle
3 Table of Contents Chapter 3: Rocks and Minerals
4 Table of Contents Chapter: Rocks and Minerals Section 1: Minerals Earth s Jewels 1. Identify the difference between a mineral and a rock 2. Describe the properties that are used to identify minerals
5 Table of Contents Chapter3 : Rocks and Minerals
6 1 Minerals Earth s Jewels What is a mineral? Minerals Defined Minerals are inorganic, solid materials found in nature. Inorganic= was not alive or living. Material not formed by plants or animals. Minerals show an orderly arrangement of atoms that looks something like a garden trellis. The chemical formula (makeup) and arrangement of the atoms in the crystal identifies each mineral
7 1 Minerals Earth s Jewels What is a mineral? Minerals Defined Each mineral has unique characteristics you can use to identify it. Rocks usually are made of two or more minerals.
8 1 How do minerals form? Minerals form in several ways. One way is from melted rock material inside Earth called magma. As magma cools, atoms combine in orderly patterns to form minerals. Minerals Earth s Jewels
9 1 Minerals Earth s Jewels How do minerals form? Evaporation can form minerals. Just as salt crystals appear when seawater evaporates, other dissolved minerals, such as gypsum, can crystallize.
10 1 Minerals Earth s Jewels How do minerals form? A process called precipitation can form minerals. Water can hold only so much dissolved material. Any extra separates and falls out as a solid.
11 1 Minerals Earth s Jewels Formation Clues Large mineral grains that fit together like a puzzle seem to show up in rocks formed from slow-cooling magma.
12 1 Minerals Earth s Jewels Formation Clues If you see large, perfectly formed crystals, it means the mineral had plenty of space in which to grow. This is a sign they may have formed in open pockets within the rock.
13 1 Minerals Earth s Jewels Properties of Minerals Each mineral has a set of physical properties that can be used to identify it. Most common minerals can be identified with items you have around the house and can carry in your pocket, such as a penny or a steel file.
14 1 Crystals All minerals have an orderly pattern of atoms. The atoms making up the mineral are arranged in a repeating pattern. Solid materials that have such a pattern of atoms are called crystals. Minerals Earth s Jewels
15 1 Minerals Earth s Jewels Cleavage and Fracture Minerals that split into pieces with smooth, regular planes that reflect light are said to have cleavage
16 1 Minerals Earth s Jewels Cleavage and Fracture Not all minerals have cleavage. Some break into pieces with jagged or rough edges. Materials that break this way, such as quartz, have what is called fracture (FRAK chur).
17 1 Color Minerals Earth s Jewels Sometimes a mineral s color can help you figure out what it is. But color also can fool you. The common mineral pyrite has a shiny, gold color similar to real gold. Because of this, pyrite also is called fool s gold.
18 1 Minerals Earth s Jewels Streak and Luster Scraping a mineral sample across an unglazed, white tile, called a streak plate, produces a streak of color.
19 1 Minerals Earth s Jewels Streak and Luster The streak is not necessarily the same color as the mineral itself. This streak of powdered mineral is more useful for identification than the mineral s color.
20 1 Minerals Earth s Jewels Streak and Luster Luster describes how light reflects from a mineral s surface. If it shines like a metal, the mineral has metallic luster. Nonmetallic minerals can be described as having pearly, glassy, dull, or earthy luster.
21 1 Hardness Friedrich Mohs developed a way to classify minerals by their hardness. The Mohs scale classifies minerals from 1 (softest) to 10 (hardest). Minerals Earth s Jewels
22 1 Hardness You can determine hardness by trying to scratch one mineral with another to see which is harder. Minerals Earth s Jewels
23 1 Minerals Earth s Jewels Specific Gravity Specific gravity compares the weight of a mineral with the weight of an equal volume of water. Pyrite or fool s gold is about five times heavier than water. Pure gold is more than 19 times heavier than water. Measuring specific gravity is another way you can identify minerals.
24 1 Minerals Earth s Jewels Other Properties The mineral magnetite will attract a magnet. The mineral calcite has two unusual properties. It will fizz when it comes into contact with an acid like dilute HCl. Also, if you look through a clear calcite crystal, you will see a double image.
25 1 Common Minerals Only a small number of the more than 4,000 minerals make up most rocks. Minerals Earth s Jewels Most of the rockforming minerals are silicates (contain the elements silicon and oxygen).
26 1 Minerals Earth s Jewels Common Minerals More than half of the minerals in Earth s crust are types of a silicate mineral called feldspar.
27 1 Minerals Earth s Jewels Common Minerals Other important rock-forming minerals are carbonates. The carbonate mineral calcite makes up most of the common rock limestone.
28 1 Gems Minerals Earth s Jewels Gems are minerals that are rare and can be cut and polished, giving them a beautiful appearance. To be gem quality, most minerals must be clear with few or no blemishes or cracks. A gem also must have a beautiful luster or color.
29 1 Minerals Earth s Jewels The Making of a Gem gems are rare because they only form under special conditions. Diamond, for instance, is a form of the element carbon. Scientists suggest that diamond forms deep in Earth s mantle. It takes a certain kind of volcanic eruption to bring a diamond close to Earth s surface, where miners can find it.
30 1 Ores Minerals Earth s Jewels ore a type of mineral that contains enough of a useful substance that it can be sold for a profit. The iron used to make steel comes from the mineral hematite, lead for batteries is produced from galena, and the magnesium used in vitamins comes from dolomite. Ores are removed from the earth by mining.
31 1 Minerals Earth s Jewels Ore Processing After an ore has been mined, it must be processed to extract the desired mineral or element. Smelting melts the ore and then separates and removes most of the unwanted materials.
32 1 Minerals Earth s Jewels Ore Processing After this smelting process, it can be refined, which means that it is purified.
33 1 Question 1 Section Check List some places you might find minerals in your home. Answer You can find minerals in salt shakers, pencils, glasses, and ceramic dishes.
34 1 Question 2 Section Check Explain the difference between a rock and a gem. Answer Gems are rare minerals that can be cut and polished. They have a beautiful color and lack cracks or blemishes. Rocks are often cloudy and when they are cut, they crack.
35 Table of Contents Chapter: Rocks and Minerals Section 2: Igneous and Sedimentary Rocks
36 Table of Contents Chapter 3: Rocks and Minerals Objectives: What you should be able to do Section 2: Igneous and Sedimentary Rocks 3. Explain how extrusive and intrusive igneous rocks are different 4. Describe how different types of sedimentary rocks form
37 Table of Contents Chapter: Rocks and Minerals
38 2 Igneous and Sedimentary Rocks Igneous Rock Igneous rocks form when melted rock material from inside Earth cools. Extrusive igneous rock form when melted rock cools on Earth s surface. Intrusive igneous rock forms when the melted rock cools below Earth s surface,.
39 2 Igneous and Sedimentary Rocks Chemical Composition The chemicals in the melted rock material determine the color of the resulting rock. If it contains a high percentage of silica and little iron, magnesium, or calcium, the rock generally will be light in color.
40 2 Chemical Composition Light-colored igneous rocks are called granitic rocks. Igneous and Sedimentary Rocks
41 2 Igneous and Sedimentary Rocks Chemical Composition less silica and it contains more iron, magnesium, or calcium, a darkcolored or basaltic rock will result. Intrusive igneous rocks often are granitic- light colored Extrusive igneous rocks often are basaltic- dark colored.
42 2 Igneous and Sedimentary Rocks Rocks from Melted Rock There are 2 types of rock from melted rock: 1. Extrusive a. Explosive volcanic eruption b. Lava flows 2. Intrusive
43 2 Igneous and Sedimentary Rocks Rocks from Lava Extrusive igneous rocks form when melted rock material cools on Earth s surface.
44 2 Igneous and Sedimentary Rocks Rocks from Lava When the melt reaches Earth s surface, it is called lava.
45 2 Igneous and Sedimentary Rocks Rocks from Lava Lava cools quickly so large mineral crystals don t have time to form.
46 2 Igneous and Sedimentary Rocks Rocks from Lava Extrusive igneous rocks can form in two ways.
47 2 Igneous and Sedimentary Rocks Rocks from Lava In one way, volcanoes erupt and shoot out lava and ash.
48 2 Igneous and Sedimentary Rocks Rocks from Lava 2 nd way is that large cracks in Earth s crust, called fissures can open up and lava oozes out.
49 2 Igneous and Sedimentary Rocks Rocks from Lava Oozing lava from a fissure or a volcano is called a lava flow. The fastest cooling lava forms no grains at all. This is how obsidian, a type of volcanic glass, forms.
50 2 Igneous and Sedimentary Rocks Rocks from Magma Intrusive igneous rocks are produced when magma cools below the surface of Earth.
51 2 Igneous and Sedimentary Rocks Rocks from Magma Intrusive igneous rocks form when a huge glob of magma from inside Earth is forced upward toward the surface but never reaches it.
52 2 Igneous and Sedimentary Rocks Rocks from Magma Intrusive igneous rocks generally have large crystals that are easy to see. Some intrusive igneous rocks do not have large crystals that you can see easily. Others are a mixture of small crystals and larger, visible crystals.
53 2 Igneous and Sedimentary Rocks Sedimentary Rocks 3 basic kinds of sedimentary rock: 1. detrital 2. chemical 3. organic sandstone
54 2 Igneous and Sedimentary Rocks Sedimentary Rocks Pieces of broken rock, shells, mineral grains, and other materials make up what is called sediment. Sediment can collect in layers to form rocks. These are called sedimentary rocks.
55 2 Igneous and Sedimentary Rocks Sedimentary Rocks When sediment is carried then dropped, or deposited, by wind, ice, gravity, or water, it collects in layers. After sediment is deposited, it begins the long process of becoming rock. Most sedimentary rocks take thousands to millions of years to form.
56 2 Igneous and Sedimentary Rocks Detrital Rocks Detrital rocks are made of grains of minerals or other rocks that have been moved and deposited in layers by water, ice, gravity, or wind. Other minerals dissolved in water, cement these particles together.
57 2 Igneous and Sedimentary Rocks Identifying Detrital Rocks 4 natural ways that sediments are carried: 1. Wind 2. Water 3. Ice 4. Gravity sandstone
58 2 Igneous and Sedimentary Rocks Identifying Detrital Rocks 4 sizes of pieces that make detrital sedimentary rock: 1.Smallest clay size- shale 2. Silt size rougher- siltstone 3. Sand grain size sandstone 4. Pebbles - conglomerate sandstone
59 2 Igneous and Sedimentary Rocks Identifying Detrital Rocks sandstone
60 2 Identifying Detrital Rocks The size of the grains is used to identify a detrital sedimentary rock. Igneous and Sedimentary Rocks
61 2 Igneous and Sedimentary Rocks Identifying Detrital Rocks The smallest, claysized grains feel slippery when wet and make up a rock called shale. Silt-sized grains make up the rougher-feeling siltstone.
62 2 Igneous and Sedimentary Rocks Identifying Detrital Rocks Sandstone is made of yet larger, sandsized grains. Pebbles mixed and cemented together with other sediment up rocks called make conglomerates sandstone
63 2 Igneous and Sedimentary Rocks Chemical Rocks Chemical sedimentary rock forms when mineral-rich water from geysers, hot springs, or salty lakes evaporates. As the water evaporates, layers of the minerals are left behind. Chemical rocks form from evaporation or other chemical processes.
64 2 Organic Rocks Chalk and coal are examples of the group of sedimentary rocks called organic rocks. Igneous and Sedimentary Rocks Living matter dies, piles up, and then is compressed into rock.
65 2 Igneous and Sedimentary Rocks Organic Rocks If the rock is produced from layers of plants piled on top of one another, it is called coal.
66 2 Fossils Igneous and Sedimentary Rocks Chalk and other types of fossiliferous limestone are made from the fossils of millions of tiny organisms. A fossil is the remains or trace of a onceliving plant or animal.
67 2 Question 1 Section Check What type of rock forms when melted rock material from inside Earth cools? A. igneous B. lava C. ore D. sedimentary
68 2 Question 2 Section Check What determines the color of igneous rock? Answer The chemicals in the melted rock determine the color of igneous rock.
69 2 Question 3 Section Check The photo shows rock. A. igneous B. metamorphic C. sedimentary D. volcanic
70 Table of Contents Chapter: Rocks and Minerals Section 3: Metamorphic Rocks and the Rock Cycle
71 Table of Contents Chapter 3: Rocks and Minerals Objectives: What you should be able to do Section 3: Metamorphic Rocks and the Rock Cycle 5. Describe the conditions needed for metamorphic rocks to form 6. Explain how all rocks are linked by the rock cycle
72 Table of Contents Chapter: Rocks and Minerals Section 3: Metamorphic Rocks and the Rock Cycle
73 Table of Contents Chapter: Rocks and Minerals Section 3: Metamorphic Rocks and the Rock Cycle
74 3 Metamorphic Rocks and the Rock Cycle New Rock from Old Rock Many physical changes on and within Earth are at work, constantly changing rocks. It can take millions of years for rock to change. Sometimes existing rocks are cooked when magma is forced upward into Earth s crust, changing their mineral crystals. All these events can make new rocks out of old rocks.
75 3 Metamorphic Rocks and the Rock Cycle Metamorphic Rocks New rocks that form when existing rocks are heated or squeezed but are not melted are called metamorphic rocks.
76 3 Metamorphic Rocks and the Rock Cycle Metamorphic Rocks Granite can change to gneiss. The sedimentary rocks: sandstone can become quartzite, and limestone can change to marble.
77 3 Metamorphic Rocks and the Rock Cycle Types of Changed Rocks Texture is a physical characteristic helpful for classifying all rocks. Texture differences in metamorphic rocks: two main groups 1.foliated and 2.nonfoliated.
78 3 Metamorphic Rocks and the Rock Cycle Types of Changed Rocks Foliated rocks: 1. visible layers or 2. elongated grains. These minerals have been heated and squeezed into parallel layers, or leaves. Many foliated rocks have bands of differentcolored minerals.
79 3 Metamorphic Rocks and the Rock Cycle Types of Changed Rocks Nonfoliated rocks do not have distinct layers or bands. These rocks, such as quartzite, marble, and soapstone, often are more even in color than foliated rocks.
80 3 Metamorphic Rocks and the Rock Cycle The Rock Cycle Scientists have created a model called the rock cycle to describe how different kinds of rock are related to one another and how rocks change from one type to another. Click image to view movie.
81 Table of Contents Chapter: Rocks and Minerals Section 3: Metamorphic Rocks and the Rock Cycle
82 3 Metamorphic Rocks and the Rock Cycle The Journey of a Rock A blob of lava that oozes to the surface and cools forms an igneous rock. Wind, rain, and ice wear away at the rock, breaking off small pieces. These pieces are called sediment.
83 3 Metamorphic Rocks and the Rock Cycle The Journey of a Rock Mineral-rich water seeps through the sediment and glues, or cements, it together. It becomes a sedimentary rock. Pressure and heat inside Earth can change it into a metamorphic rock. Metamorphic rock deep inside Earth can melt and begin the cycle again.
Name: Rocks & Minerals 1 KEY CONCEPT #1: What is a mineral? It is a, substance which has a What would be the opposite of this? KEY CONCEPT #2: What causes minerals to have different physical properties?
EARTH SCIENCE 110 INTRODUCTION to GEOLOGY DR. WOLTEMADE NAME: SECTION: MINERALS & ROCKS LABORATORY INTRODUCTION The identification of minerals and rocks is an integral part of understanding our physical
Minerals and Rocks Name 1. Base your answer to the following question on the map and cross section below. The shaded areas on the map represent regions of the United States that have evaporite rock layers
Name Date Per Unit 8.3.1 Study Guide: Rocks, Minerals, and the Rock Cycle I Can Statements I Can Statements are the learning targets for each unit. By the time you take the test for this unit, you should
A mineral is any: Regents Earth Science Unit 10: Minerals and Rocks Minerals 1. naturally occurring 2. inorganic 3. solid, with a 4. definite chemical composition, and a 5. crystal structure Minerals are
CHAPTER 4 1 The Rock Cycle SECTION Rocks: Mineral Mixtures BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: What is a rock? How are rocks classified? What does
The Earth is made up of rocks and minerals. The core of the Earth is molten rock. On the outside, there's a crust. Within this crust, the most abundant elements (by mass) are oxygen and silicon. Sometimes
Minerals Author: Rebecca Brindley CHAPTER 1 Minerals 1 Minerals Quartz: What is a Mineral? There are five things that must be true for a substance to be classified as a mineral. The five items are as follows:
Class: Date: Minerals Study Guide Modified True/False Indicate whether the sentence or statement is true or false. If false, change the identified word or phrase to make the sentence or statement true.
Rock Identification Lab Name Mineral Hardness Objective: You will determine the relative hardness of common objects relative to the known hardness of index minerals. We will use fingernail, copper, glass,
Animal, Vegetable, or Mineral? What do minerals have in common? Not all minerals are sparkling gems, but they all have certain characteristics in common. A mineral is a naturally occurring, inorganic solid
Base your answers to questions 1 through 3 on the drawings of six sedimentary rocks labeled A through F. 1. Most of the rocks shown were formed by (1) compaction and/or cementation (3) heat and pressure
Earth Science SOL Review Sheet #2: Minerals & Rocks Standards ES 4 The student will investigate and understand how to identify major rock-forming and ore minerals based on physical and chemical properties.
Earth Science - SOL 5.7 Science Study Guide Rocks are classified based on how they were formed. The three types of rocks are sedimentary, igneous, and metamorphic. Igneous rock forms when magma (liquid
The rock cycle This Revision looks at the three types of rock: sedimentary, igneous and metamorphic. It looks at how they are formed, the weathering of rocks and the way one form of rock turns into another,
Minerals & Rocks Minerals 5 Characteristics: Naturally occurring Formed from elements or compounds Inorganic Found as a solid in nature Definite chemical make up and regular atomic structure A. Minerals
The Rock Cycle What are Rocks??? Rocks are the most common material on Earth. They are a naturally occurring collection of one or more minerals. The Rock Cycle a cycle that continuously forms and changes
FIRST GRADE ROCKS 2 WEEKS LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES ROCK CYCLE OVERVIEW OF FIRST GRADE CHEMISTRY WEEK 1. PRE: Comparing solids, gases, liquids, and plasma. LAB: Exploring how states of matter can change.
Grade 9 Geography - Unit 3 Lesson 3 The Rock Cycle What is the difference between a Rock and a Mineral? Minerals are homogeneous, naturally occurring, inorganic solids. Each mineral has a definite chemical
UNIT 3 EXAM ROCKS AND MINERALS NAME: BLOCK: DATE: 1. Base your answer to the following question on on the photographs and news article below. Old Man s Loss Felt in New Hampshire FRANCONIA, N.H. Crowds
Rocks and Minerals What is right under your feet? Name: 1 Before you start What do you already know? What is the difference between a rock and a mineral? What are the three categories of rocks? 1. 2. 3.
SEDIMENTARY ROCKS Sedimentary rocks are formed near or at the surface of the earth. They are derived from preexisting source rocks. They are composed by sediments, this is material that has been weathered,
The Earth s s Crust The Earth s s Crust The earth s crust is the outside layer of the earth. It is thickest at the continents at about 40 Km (up to 70 Km) deep. It is thinnest under the oceans at about
Cave of the Winds Activity Eleven: Global Building Blocks Lesson for Grades 9-12 One lab of about 50 minutes Satisfies Colorado Model Content Standard for Science, Standard 4, Benchmark #1 for grades 9-12:
Rocks and Minerals Multiple Choice 1. The basaltic bedrock of the oceanic crust is classified as (1) felsic, with a density of 2.7 g/cm3 (2) felsic, with a density of 3.0 g/cm3 (3) mafic, with a density
Round and Round the Rock Cycle Objectives The student will identify the processes that cause the three different types of rocks to form and identify rock samples from each type. Suggested Grade Level Fifth
Unit 4: The Rock Cycle Objective: E 3.1A Discriminate between igneous, metamorphic, and sedimentary rocks and describe the processes that change one kind of rock into another. E 3.1B Explain the relationship
OBJECTIVES: LAB 2: MINERAL PROPERTIES AND IDENTIFICATION 1) to become familiar with the properties important in identifying minerals; 2) to learn how to identify the common rock-forming minerals. Preparatory
Mineral Identification Name Notes Page Objectives Explain which mineral properties are most important in identification. Explain how to identify minerals by their properties. Classify some common minerals
Rock Type Identification Flow Chart SEDIMENTARY AMORPHOUS No Crystals or Clasts fairly hard very soft hard & cherty vague crystals SEDIMENTARY IGNEOUS - VOLCANIC CLASTS Broken pieces of rocks or minerals
Earth Materials: 1 The three major categories of rocks Fig 3.1 Understanding Earth 2 Intro to rocks & Igneous rocks Three main categories of rocks: Igneous Sedimentary Metamorphic The most common minerals
Sedimentary Rocks Find and take out 11B-15B and #1 From Egg Carton Erosion Erosion is a natural process where rocks and soil are Broken and Moved We will focus on 4 types of erosion; Wind, Rain, Ice and
DATE DUE: Name: Instructor: Ms. Terry J. Boroughs Geology 305 ATOMS, ELEMENTS, AND MINERALS Instructions: Read each question carefully before selecting the BEST answer. Use GEOLOGIC VOCABULARY where APPLICABLE!
How are rocks the same & how are they different? Grade Range: K - 4 G.L.E Focus: 1.1.5 Time Budget: 1 1.5 hours WASL Vocabulary: Overview: Different rocks have different characteristics because of their
Mount Rushmore is an amazing sight, with the faces of four presidents carved into a giant rock mountain. But even a small rock you find in your yard is pretty amazing. After all, most rocks have been around
Earth Science Grade 4 Minerals Standards: Identifies the physical properties of minerals Teacher Background Minerals are pure substances and mix together to make rocks. Rocks have a cycle and different
Lab 3: Minerals Introduction Minerals Minerals are the basic building blocks that make up the solid Earth. Therefore, any study of the solid Earth must begin with an understanding of minerals. A mineral,
The Rock Cycle describes how rocks form and change over time What are Rocks and Minerals 1. The building blocks of rocks are naturally occurring solid materials called A. granules B. grains C. minerals
P1: Rock identification (I) Examine the rocks specimens provided with the aid of these notes. All the rocks come from Ireland, as detailed on the attached map. Answer the short question on each specimen
Introduction Minerals Minerals are the basic building blocks that make up the solid Earth. Therefore, any study of the solid Earth must begin with an understanding of minerals. A mineral, by definition,
Characteristics of Sedimentary Rocks Deposited at the earth s surface by wind, water, glacier ice, or biochemical processes Typically deposited in strata (layers) under cool surface conditions. This is
Practice Exam #2 - Answer Key 2002 Ann Bykerk-Kauffman, Dept. of Geological and Environmental Sciences, California State University, Chico * Tray #1 1. (white, gray, black and pink speckles) a. Identify
CHAPTER 5 2 Identifying Minerals SECTION Minerals of Earth s Crust KEY IDEAS As you read this section, keep these questions in mind: What are seven physical properties scientists use to identify minerals?
Science Unit: Lesson 3: Renewable & Non-renewable Resources Mining in BC School Year: 2009/20010 Developed for: Developed by: Grade level: Duration of lesson: Notes: Dr. R. E. McKechnie Elementary School,
Presents the Rock Test Study Resource Created by Simone Markus Published by EngLinks 1 Preface This is a free resource provided by EngLinks for students in APSC 151. This presentation is a supplementary
Mineral Identification Testing Lesson Plan Set up: Print Mineral Identification - Introduction to Mineral Tests Chart for students to record observations. Set up four mineral testing stations as follows:
DATE DUE: Name: Instructor: Ms. Terry J. Boroughs Geology 305 INTRODUCTION TO ROCKS AND THE ROCK CYCLE Instructions: Read each question carefully before selecting the BEST answer Provide specific and detailed
Lab Activity on Minerals 2002 Ann Bykerk-Kauffman, Dept. of Geological and Environmental Sciences, California State University, Chico * Introduction Rocks are made of many mineral grains stuck together.
Sedimentary rocks: summary in haiku form Sediments and Sedimentary Rocks Earth, Chapter 7 Lithification - glue particles together. Was sand, now sandstone. What is a sedimentary rock? Products of mechanical
Lab 1: Mineral Identification OLLI Rock ID and Geologic Mapping Name: Introduction: In this lab activity you will become familiar with minerals and identifying their different properties. This lab will
Released SOL Test Questions Sorted by Topic Compiled by SOLpass www.solpass.org SOL 5.7 Earth s Constantly Changing Surface The student will investigate and understand how Earth s surface is constantly
DATE DUE: Name: Instructor: Ms. Terry J. Boroughs Geology 305 INTRODUCTION TO ROCKS AND THE ROCK CYCLE Instructions: Read each question carefully before selecting the BEST answer Provide specific and detailed
Science and Social Studies Standards Covered: SS (9-12) Geology 3. Explain natural phenomena that shape the surface of Earth, including rock cycles, plate motions and interactions, erosion and deposition,
Mineral ID Lab - Teacher Information Objective: Complete the tasks/tests at six different stations and make observations to identify mineral samples. Station Descriptions: 1 - Color vs. Streak - Compare
FROM SEDIMENT INTO SEDIMENTARY ROCK Objectives Identify three types of sediments. Explain where and how chemical and biogenic sediments form. Explain three processes that lead to the lithification of sediments.
Exploring How Rocks Are Formed Grade Level: 3-4 Purpose and Goals: In this lesson, students are introduced to the three types of rocks: igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic. After receiving background
Grade 4 Standard 3 Unit Test A Earth Materials Multiple Choice 1. A student found a sample of a solid material that was gray, shiny and made of all the same material. What category does this sample best
SECOND GRADE ROCKS 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES ROCK CYCLE OVERVIEW OF SECOND GRADE CHEMISTRY WEEK 1. PRE: Comparing the states of matter. LAB: Observing the elements on the periodic table. POST:
Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Hot sulfur springs smell like rotten eggs. CHAPTER 3 Rocks and Minerals What are rocks and minerals and where do they come from? 134 tufa formations, Mono Lake, California
Crust: low density rocks Mantle: high density rocks Core: very high density metal core mechanical) layering mechanical layers lithosphere: rigid & strong asthenosphere: plastic & weak mesosphere: plastic
Minerals in granite The igneous rock granite is composed of many separate grains of several main minerals Figure 2.1 What is a mineral? Naturally occurring solid Specific chemical composition Crystal structure
Rocks and Rock-Forming Processes 3.4 How are the rock classes related to one another? The Rock Cycle Smith & Pun, Chapter 3 Processes link types Plate tectonics is driving force If we look closely we see
ROCKS & MINERALS: PRECIOUS COMMODITIES 2014 Eco-Meet Varsity The study of rocks and minerals is an appropriate beginning to the appreciation of nature. Rocks provide a looking glass into the past, as far
Science Benchmark: 04:03 Earth materials include rocks, soils, water, and gases. Rock is composed of minerals. Earth materials change over time from one form to another. These changes require energy. Erosion
This document is designed to help North Carolina educators teach the Essential Standards (Standard Course of Study). NCDPI staff are continually updating and improving these tools to better serve teachers.
Name: Class: _ Date: _ Rocks and Plate Tectonics Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. What is a naturally occurring, solid mass of mineral or
Name: Date: Student Exploration: Identification Vocabulary: crystal, density, hardness, homogeneous, luster, mass, mineral, streak, volume Prior Knowledge Questions (Do these BEFORE using the Gizmo.) 1.
Igneous, Sedimentary, and Metamorphic Rocks Earth Science Rock Lab Introduction A rock is any natural aggregate composed of minerals, mineraloids, glass, or organic particles. There are three primary rock
Rocks and Minerals I. OBJECTIVES One of the many ways to study Earth is by examining the rocks that make up its surface. Earth is a dynamic planet, with plate tectonics, water, wind, volcanoes, and mountains.
MINERAL PICTIONARY DEFINITION MINERALS Are inorganic, naturally occurring substances that have a characteristic chemical composition, distinctive physical properties, and crystalline structure. MINERAL
FAIRLY SIMPLE MINERAL IDENTIFICATION EXERCISE John J. Thomas Purpose An exercise in the identification of minerals that uses minerals with very distinct characteristics. The students will learn the characteristics
The Rock Cycle: Metamorphic, Sedimentary, and Igneous Rocks Intended for Grade: 3 Subject: Science Description: This presentation teaches students about the properties and formation of each of the three
Lab 2: Mineral Lab notes. Minerals are inorganic, solid, naturally occurring substances that have a characteristic chemical compositions, distinctive physical properties, and crystalline structures. Chemical
Sedimentary Rock Formation Models 5.7 A Explore the processes that led to the formation of sedimentary rock and fossil fuels. The Formation Process Explained Formation of these rocks is one of the important
REVIEW Key Concepts Unit 5 Planet Earth 1.0 Changes on the Earth s Surface Layers: Crust, Mantle, Core (Inner and Outer) Earthquakes and Volcanoes can suddenly change the Earth s surface Scientist s use
Weathering, Erosion, and Soils 1 The Grand Canyon, a landscape shaped by weathering and erosion 2 Weathering vs. erosion Types of weathering Physical Chemical Rates of weathering and erosion Climate Rock
Visit http://www.learner.org/interactives/rockcycle/index.html to complete the following questions and activities. TYPES OF ROCKS: 1. Click on TYPES OF ROCKS. Read the information on the webpage and answer
1 2 Earth Materials: Minerals What is a mineral? Properties/characteristics of different types of minerals Mineral structures and bonding Major categories of minerals Importance and uses of minerals What
Rocks and soil Introduction It is by no means necessary to be a geological expert to implement a worthwhile study of rocks and soil at primary school level. Rocks and soil are not difficult to collect,
Your consent to our cookies if you continue to use this website.