Stoichiometry Chapter 9 Assignment & Problem Set


 Kimberly Cook
 11 months ago
 Views:
Transcription
1 Stoichiometry Name WarmUps (Show your work for credit) Date 1. Date 2. Date 3. Date 4. Date 5. Date 6. Date 7. Date 8.
2 Stoichiometry 2 Study Guide: Things You Must Know Vocabulary (know the definition and what it means): conserve stoichiometry stoichiometric ratio Honors limiting reagent Honors excess reagent Honors: theoretical yield Honors: actual yield Honors: percent yield Learning Objectives: know how to interpret a balanced chemical equation in terms of atoms, molecules, moles, mass, and volume (gases). atoms and mass are conserved in a balanced chemical equation. how to perform molemole stoichiometric calculations. how to perform stoichiometric calculations starting with either particles, mass, or volume (gas) of one substance and ending with particles, mass, or volume (gas) of a different substance. Honors: how to determine limiting reagent and excess reagent in a chemical reaction, given the amount of each reactant. Honors: how to calculate percent yield from theoretical yield and actual yield.
3 Stoichiometry 3 Read Chapter 9: Stoichiometry (Regents can skip all of section 9.3) Lab 8: Quantitative Analysis Regents Tables : Table T : Important Formulas and Equations Warmups and problems will be collected before you take the test. Answer all problems in the space provided. For problems involving an equation, carry out the following steps: 1. Write the equation. 2. Substitute numbers and units. 3. Show the final answer with units. There is no credit without showing work. MoleMole Stoichiometric Calculations 1. Interpret the following equation in terms of relative numbers of representative particles (label each correctly) and numbers of moles reactants and products. 2K(s) + 2H 2O(l) 2KOH(aq) + H 2(g) 2. Interpret the following equation in terms of interacting numbers of moles of reactants and products. 4NH 3(g) + 6NO(g) 5N 2(g) + 6H 2O(g) 3. Regents only Tin(II) fluoride, formerly found in many types of toothpaste, is formed by the reaction Sn(s) + 2HF(g) SnF 2(s) + H 2(g) a. How many moles of SnF 2 can be made by reacting 12.3 moles of HF with tin? b. How many moles of hydrogen gas at STP are produced by reacting 0.92 moles of tin with HF? c. How many moles of HF are needed to produce 3.2 moles of H 2? 4. Carbon disulfide is an important industrial solvent. It is prepared by the reaction of coke with sulfur dioxide. 5C(s) + 2SO 2(g) CS 2(l) + 4CO(g) a. How many moles of CS 2 form when 2.7 mol C reacts? b. How many moles of carbon are needed to react with 5.44 mol SO 2? c. How many moles of carbon monoxide form at the same time that mol CS 2 forms?
4 Stoichiometry 4 5. Isopropyl alcohol (C 3H 7OH) burns in air according to this equation: 2C 3H 7OH(l) + 9O 2(g) 6CO 2(g) + 8H 2O(g) a. Calculate the moles of oxygen needed to react with 3.40 mol C 3H 7OH. b. Find the moles of each product formed when 3.40 mol C 3H 7OH reacts with oxygen. General Stoichiometric Calculations 6. Methanol (CH 3OH) is used in the production of many chemicals. Methanol is made by reacting carbon monoxide and hydrogen at high temperature and pressure. CO(g) + 2H 2(g) CH 3OH(g) a. How many moles of each reactant are needed to produce 3.60 x 10 2 g CH 3OH. b. Calculate the number of grams of CO are needed to produce 4.00 mol CH 3OH. c. How many grams of hydrogen are necessary to react with 2.85 mol CO? 7. The combustion of acetylene gas is represented by this equation: 2C 2H 2(g) + 5O 2(g) 4CO 2(g) + 2H 2O(g) a. How many grams of CO 2 and grams of H 2O are produced when 52.0g C 2H 2 burns? b. How many grams of oxygen are required to burn 52.0g C 2H 2? c. Use the answers from a and b to show that this equation obeys the law of conservation of mass.
5 Stoichiometry 5 8. For the reaction: 2SO 2(g) + O 2(g) 2SO 3(g) a. How many grams of SO 3 can be made from 1.6 moles of SO 2? b. How many grams of SO 3 can be produced from 27 grams of O 2? c. How many grams of SO 3 can be made from 8.4 x molecules of O 2? d. How many liters, at STP, of O 2 are needed to produce 85.2 liters of SO 3? 9. Regents Only The equation for the combustion of carbon monoxide is 2CO(g) + O 2(g) 2CO 2(g) How many liters of oxygen are required to burn 3.86L of carbon monoxide? 10. Regents Only Lithium nitride reacts with water to form ammonia and aqueous lithium hydroxide. Li 3N(s) + 3H 2O(l) NH 3(g) + 3LiOH(aq) a. What mass of water is needed to react with 32.9g Li 3N? b. When reaction a takes place, how many molecules of NH 3 are produced? c. Calculate the number of grams of Li 3N that must be added to excess water to produce 15.0L NH 3 (at STP). Limiting Reagent & Reaction Yield 11. Honors For each balanced equation, identify the limiting reagent for the given combination of reactants. a. 2H 2 + O 2 2H 2O 6.4 mol 3.4 mol b. 2P 2O 5 + 6H 2O 4H 3PO mol 1.52 mol
6 Stoichiometry Honors If 2.7 mol of C 2H 4 is reacted with 6.30 mol O 2 according to the equation for the complete combustion of ethene (C 2H 4): C 2H 4(g) + 3O 2(g) 2CO 2(g) + 2H 2O(g) a. Identify the limiting reagent. b. Calculate the moles of water produced. 13. Honors How many grams of SO 3 are produced when 20.0g FeS 2 reacts with 16.0g O 2 according to this balanced equation? 4FeS 2(s) + 15O 2(g) 2Fe 2O 3(s) + 8SO 3(g) 14. Honors Hydrazine (N 2H 4) is used as rocket fuel. It reacts with oxygen to form nitrogen and water. N 2H 4(l) + O 2(g) N 2(g) + 2H 2O(g) a. How many liters of N 2 (at STP) form when 1.0kg N 2H 4 reacts with 1.0kg O 2? b. How many grams of the excess reagent remain after the reaction? Reaction Yield 15. Honors What is the difference between an actual yield and a theoretical yield? Which yield is larger for a given reaction? How are these values used to determine percent yield?
7 Stoichiometry Honors Heating an ore of antimony (Sb 2S 3) in the presence of iron gives the element antimony and iron(ii) sulfide. Sb 2S 3(s) + 3Fe(s) 2Sb(s) + 3FeS(s) When 15.0g Sb 2S 3 reacts with an excess of Fe, 9.84g Sb is produced. What is the percent yield of this reaction? 17. Honors For the reaction: 2SO 2(g) + O 2(g) 2SO 3(g) a. How many liters of SO 3 can be prepared starting with 32 g of SO 2 and 1.2 x molecules of O 2? Which reagent is limiting? b. How much of the excess reagent will be left after the reaction? c. For the reaction above, 125 g of SO 3 are produced by reacting 128 g of SO 2 with 39 g of O 2. What is the percent yield of the reaction? 18. Honors If the reaction below proceeds with a 96.8% yield, how many kilograms of CaSO4 are formed when 5.24 kg SO 2 reacts with an excess of CaCO 3and O 2? 2CaCO 3(s) + 2SO 2(g) + O 2(g) 2CaSO 4(s) + 2CO 2(g)
8 Stoichiometry Honors The white limestone cliffs of Dover, England, contain a large percentage of calcium carbonate (CaCO 3). A sample of limestone weighing 84.4g reacts with an excess of hydrochloric acid to form calcium chloride. CaCO 3 + 2HCl CaCl 2 + H 2O + CO 2 The mass of calcium chloride formed is 81.8g. What is the percentage of calcium carbonate in the limestone? Review 20. Write a balanced chemical equation for each reaction: a. The complete combustion of isopropyl alcohol (C 3H 7OH) produces carbon dioxide and water vapor. b. When a mixture of aluminum and iron(ii) oxide is heated, metallic iron and aluminum oxide are produced. 21. Write the formula for each compound. a. aluminum carbonate b. silicon dioxide c. potassium sulfide d. manganese(ii) chromate e. sodium bromide 22. What is the molecular formula of oxalic acid, molar mass 90g/mol? Its percent composition is 26.7% C, 2.2%H, and 71.1% O. 23. Write a net ionic equation for each of the following: a. Ba(NO 3) 2(aq) + Na 2SO 4(aq) BaSO 4(s) + NaNO 3(aq) b. H 2SO 4(aq) + Mg(OH) 2(aq) MgSO 4(aq) + H 2O(l)
Name Date Class STOICHIOMETRY. SECTION 12.1 THE ARITHMETIC OF EQUATIONS (pages 353 358)
Name Date Class 1 STOICHIOMETRY SECTION 1.1 THE ARITHMETIC OF EQUATIONS (pages 353 358) This section explains how to calculate the amount of reactants required or product formed in a nonchemical process.
More informationChapter 3: Stoichiometry
Chapter 3: Stoichiometry Key Skills: Balance chemical equations Predict the products of simple combination, decomposition, and combustion reactions. Calculate formula weights Convert grams to moles and
More informationChapter 1 The Atomic Nature of Matter
Chapter 1 The Atomic Nature of Matter 6. Substances that cannot be decomposed into two or more simpler substances by chemical means are called a. pure substances. b. compounds. c. molecules. d. elements.
More informationIB Chemistry. DP Chemistry Review
DP Chemistry Review Topic 1: Quantitative chemistry 1.1 The mole concept and Avogadro s constant Assessment statement Apply the mole concept to substances. Determine the number of particles and the amount
More informationUnit 10A Stoichiometry Notes
Unit 10A Stoichiometry Notes Stoichiometry is a big word for a process that chemist s use to calculate amounts in reactions. It makes use of the coefficient ratio set up by balanced reaction equations
More informationMolecular Formula: Example
Molecular Formula: Example A compound is found to contain 85.63% C and 14.37% H by mass. In another experiment its molar mass is found to be 56.1 g/mol. What is its molecular formula? 1 CHAPTER 3 Chemical
More informationUnit 9 Stoichiometry Notes (The Mole Continues)
Unit 9 Stoichiometry Notes (The Mole Continues) is a big word for a process that chemist s use to calculate amounts in reactions. It makes use of the coefficient ratio set up by balanced reaction equations
More informationMOLE CONVERSION PROBLEMS. 2. How many moles are present in 34 grams of Cu(OH) 2? [0.35 moles]
MOLE CONVERSION PROBLEMS 1. What is the molar mass of MgO? [40.31 g/mol] 2. How many moles are present in 34 grams of Cu(OH) 2? [0.35 moles] 3. How many moles are present in 2.5 x 10 23 molecules of CH
More informationChemical Equations & Stoichiometry
Chemical Equations & Stoichiometry Chapter Goals Balance equations for simple chemical reactions. Perform stoichiometry calculations using balanced chemical equations. Understand the meaning of the term
More informationChem 1100 Chapter Three Study Guide Answers Outline I. Molar Mass and Moles A. Calculations of Molar Masses
Chem 1100 Chapter Three Study Guide Answers Outline I. Molar Mass and Moles A. Calculations of Molar Masses B. Calculations of moles C. Calculations of number of atoms from moles/molar masses 1. Avagadro
More informationChapter 3 Stoichiometry: Calculations with Chemical Formulas and Equations
CHE11 Chapter Chapter Stoichiometry: Calculations with Chemical Formulas and Equations 1. When the following equation is balanced, the coefficients are. NH (g) + O (g) NO (g) + H O (g) (a). 1, 1, 1, 1
More informationIB Chemistry 1 Mole. One atom of C12 has a mass of 12 amu. One mole of C12 has a mass of 12 g. Grams we can use more easily.
The Mole Atomic mass units and atoms are not convenient units to work with. The concept of the mole was invented. This was the number of atoms of carbon12 that were needed to make 12 g of carbon. 1 mole
More informationMoles. Balanced chemical equations Molar ratios Mass Composition Empirical and Molecular Mass Predicting Quantities Equations
Moles Balanced chemical equations Molar ratios Mass Composition Empirical and Molecular Mass Predicting Quantities Equations Micro World atoms & molecules Macro World grams Atomic mass is the mass of an
More informationPractice questions for Chapter 8
Practice questions for Chapter 8 2) How many atoms of nickel equal a mass of 58.69 g? (Refer to the Periodic Table.) A) 1 B) 28 C) 58.69 D) 59 E) 6.02 x 1023 Answer: E Section: 8.1 Avogadro's Number 6)
More informationCalculating Atoms, Ions, or Molecules Using Moles
TEKS REVIEW 8B Calculating Atoms, Ions, or Molecules Using Moles TEKS 8B READINESS Use the mole concept to calculate the number of atoms, ions, or molecules in a sample TEKS_TXT of material. Vocabulary
More informationChapter 3. Chemical Reactions and Reaction Stoichiometry. Lecture Presentation. James F. Kirby Quinnipiac University Hamden, CT
Lecture Presentation Chapter 3 Chemical Reactions and Reaction James F. Kirby Quinnipiac University Hamden, CT The study of the mass relationships in chemistry Based on the Law of Conservation of Mass
More informationUnit 2: Quantities in Chemistry
Mass, Moles, & Molar Mass Relative quantities of isotopes in a natural occurring element (%) E.g. Carbon has 2 isotopes C12 and C13. Of Carbon s two isotopes, there is 98.9% C12 and 11.1% C13. Find
More informationChem 31 Fall 2002. Chapter 3. Stoichiometry: Calculations with Chemical Formulas and Equations. Writing and Balancing Chemical Equations
Chem 31 Fall 2002 Chapter 3 Stoichiometry: Calculations with Chemical Formulas and Equations Writing and Balancing Chemical Equations 1. Write Equation in Words you cannot write an equation unless you
More information0.786 mol carbon dioxide to grams g lithium carbonate to mol
1 2 Convert: 2.54 x 10 22 atoms of Cr to mol 4.32 mol NaCl to grams 0.786 mol carbon dioxide to grams 2.67 g lithium carbonate to mol 1.000 atom of C 12 to grams 3 Convert: 2.54 x 10 22 atoms of Cr to
More informationProblem Solving. Stoichiometry of Gases
Skills Worksheet Problem Solving Stoichiometry of Gases Now that you have worked with relationships among moles, mass, and volumes of gases, you can easily put these to work in stoichiometry calculations.
More informationOther Stoich Calculations A. mole mass (mass mole) calculations. GIVEN mol A x CE mol B. PT g A CE mol A MOLE MASS :
Chem. I Notes Ch. 12, part 2 Using Moles NOTE: Vocabulary terms are in boldface and underlined. Supporting details are in italics. 1 MOLE = 6.02 x 10 23 representative particles (representative particles
More informationChemical Reactions. Chemical Equations. Mole as Conversion Factor: To convert between number of particles and an equivalent number of moles:
Quantities of Reactants and Products CHAPTER 3 Chemical Reactions Stoichiometry Application of The Law of Conservation of Matter Chemical bookkeeping Chemical Equations Chemical equations: Describe proportions
More informationStoichiometry. Lecture Examples Answer Key
Stoichiometry Lecture Examples Answer Key Ex. 1 Balance the following chemical equations: 3 NaBr + 1 H 3 PO 4 3 HBr + 1 Na 3 PO 4 2 C 3 H 5 N 3 O 9 6 CO 2 + 3 N 2 + 5 H 2 O + 9 O 2 2 Ca(OH) 2 + 2 SO 2
More informationChapter 3. Stoichiometry: Ratios of Combination. Insert picture from First page of chapter. Copyright McGrawHill 2009 1
Chapter 3 Insert picture from First page of chapter Stoichiometry: Ratios of Combination Copyright McGrawHill 2009 1 3.1 Molecular and Formula Masses Molecular mass  (molecular weight) The mass in amu
More information1. P 2 O 5 2. P 5 O 2 3. P 10 O 4 4. P 4 O 10
Teacher: Mr. gerraputa Print Close Name: 1. A chemical formula is an expression used to represent 1. mixtures, only 3. compounds, only 2. elements, only 4. compounds and elements 2. What is the total number
More informationAtomic mass is the mass of an atom in atomic mass units (amu)
Micro World atoms & molecules Laboratory scale measurements Atomic mass is the mass of an atom in atomic mass units (amu) By definition: 1 atom 12 C weighs 12 amu On this scale 1 H = 1.008 amu 16 O = 16.00
More informationHonors Chemistry: Unit 6 Test Stoichiometry PRACTICE TEST ANSWER KEY Page 1. A chemical equation. (C4.4)
Honors Chemistry: Unit 6 Test Stoichiometry PRACTICE TEST ANSWER KEY Page 1 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Question What is a symbolic representation of a chemical reaction? What 3 things (values) is a mole of a chemical
More informationName Class Date. Section: Calculating Quantities in Reactions. Complete each statement below by writing the correct term or phrase.
Skills Worksheet Concept Review Section: Calculating Quantities in Reactions Complete each statement below by writing the correct term or phrase. 1. All stoichiometric calculations involving equations
More informationMass and Moles of a Substance
Chapter Three Calculations with Chemical Formulas and Equations Mass and Moles of a Substance Chemistry requires a method for determining the numbers of molecules in a given mass of a substance. This allows
More informationstoichiometry = the numerical relationships between chemical amounts in a reaction.
1 REACTIONS AND YIELD ANSWERS stoichiometry = the numerical relationships between chemical amounts in a reaction. 2C 8 H 18 (l) + 25O 2 16CO 2 (g) + 18H 2 O(g) From the equation, 16 moles of CO 2 (a greenhouse
More information111 Stoichiometry. Represents
111 Stoichiometry What is stoichiometry? Calculations that relate the quantities of substances. It is the study of quantitative (measurable amounts) relationships in chemical reactions and equations.
More informationCP Chemistry Review for Stoichiometry Test
CP Chemistry Review for Stoichiometry Test Stoichiometry Problems (one given reactant): 1. Make sure you have a balanced chemical equation 2. Convert to moles of the known substance. (Use the periodic
More informationHOMEWORK 4A. Definitions. OxidationReduction Reactions. Questions
HOMEWORK 4A OxidationReduction Reactions 1. Indicate whether a reaction will occur or not in each of following. Wtiring a balcnced equation is not necessary. (a) Magnesium metal is added to hydrochloric
More informationStoichiometry. What is the atomic mass for carbon? For zinc?
Stoichiometry Atomic Mass (atomic weight) Atoms are so small, it is difficult to discuss how much they weigh in grams We use atomic mass units an atomic mass unit (AMU) is one twelfth the mass of the catbon12
More informationCHEMICAL REACTIONS AND REACTING MASSES AND VOLUMES
CHEMICAL REACTIONS AND REACTING MASSES AND VOLUMES The meaning of stoichiometric coefficients: 2 H 2 (g) + O 2 (g) 2 H 2 O(l) number of reacting particles 2 molecules of hydrogen react with 1 molecule
More informationFormulae, stoichiometry and the mole concept
3 Formulae, stoichiometry and the mole concept Content 3.1 Symbols, Formulae and Chemical equations 3.2 Concept of Relative Mass 3.3 Mole Concept and Stoichiometry Learning Outcomes Candidates should be
More information1. What is the molecular formula of a compound with the empirical formula PO and a grammolecular mass of 284 grams?
Name: Tuesday, May 20, 2008 1. What is the molecular formula of a compound with the empirical formula PO and a grammolecular mass of 284 grams? 2 5 1. P2O 5 3. P10O4 2. P5O 2 4. P4O10 2. Which substance
More informationChemistry B11 Chapter 4 Chemical reactions
Chemistry B11 Chapter 4 Chemical reactions Chemical reactions are classified into five groups: A + B AB Synthesis reactions (Combination) H + O H O AB A + B Decomposition reactions (Analysis) NaCl Na +Cl
More informationChapter 4 Notes  Types of Chemical Reactions and Solution Chemistry
AP Chemistry A. Allan Chapter 4 Notes  Types of Chemical Reactions and Solution Chemistry 4.1 Water, the Common Solvent A. Structure of water 1. Oxygen's electronegativity is high (3.5) and hydrogen's
More informationFormulas, Equations and Moles
Chapter 3 Formulas, Equations and Moles Interpreting Chemical Equations You can interpret a balanced chemical equation in many ways. On a microscopic level, two molecules of H 2 react with one molecule
More informationChemistry Stoichiometry Lesson 8 Lesson Plan David V. Fansler
Chemistry Stoichiometry Lesson 8 Lesson Plan David V. Fansler The Arithmetic of Equations Objectives: Interpret balanced chemical equations in terms of interacting moles, representative particles, masses,
More informationChapter 3 Mass Relationships in Chemical Reactions
Chapter 3 Mass Relationships in Chemical Reactions Student: 1. An atom of bromine has a mass about four times greater than that of an atom of neon. Which choice makes the correct comparison of the relative
More informationMoles and Chemical Reactions. Moles and Chemical Reactions. Molar mass = 2 x 12.011 + 6 x 1.008 + 1 x15.999 = 46.069 g/mol
We have used the mole concept to calculate mass relationships in chemical formulas Molar mass of ethanol (C 2 H 5 OH)? Molar mass = 2 x 12.011 + 6 x 1.008 + 1 x15.999 = 46.069 g/mol Mass percentage of
More informationMole Notes.notebook. October 29, 2014
1 2 How do chemists count atoms/formula units/molecules? How do we go from the atomic scale to the scale of everyday measurements (macroscopic scale)? The gateway is the mole! But before we get to the
More informationSample Exercise 3.1 Interpreting and Balancing Chemical Equations
Sample Exercise 3.1 Interpreting and Balancing Chemical Equations The following diagram represents a chemical reaction in which the red spheres are oxygen atoms and the blue spheres are nitrogen atoms.
More informationChapter 1: Moles and equations. Learning outcomes. you should be able to:
Chapter 1: Moles and equations 1 Learning outcomes you should be able to: define and use the terms: relative atomic mass, isotopic mass and formula mass based on the 12 C scale perform calculations, including
More informationChapter Three: STOICHIOMETRY
p70 Chapter Three: STOICHIOMETRY Contents p76 Stoichiometry  The study of quantities of materials consumed and produced in chemical reactions. p70 31 Counting by Weighing 32 Atomic Masses p78 Mass Mass
More informationChemical calculations
Chemical calculations Stoichiometry refers to the quantities of material which react according to a balanced chemical equation. Compounds are formed when atoms combine in fixed proportions. E.g. 2Mg +
More informationChapter 3! Stoichiometry: Calculations with Chemical Formulas and Equations. Stoichiometry
Chapter 3! : Calculations with Chemical Formulas and Equations Anatomy of a Chemical Equation CH 4 (g) + 2O 2 (g) CO 2 (g) + 2 H 2 O (g) Anatomy of a Chemical Equation CH 4 (g) + 2 O 2 (g) CO 2 (g) + 2
More informationUnit 3 Notepack Chapter 7 Chemical Quantities Qualifier for Test
Unit 3 Notepack Chapter 7 Chemical Quantities Qualifier for Test NAME Section 7.1 The Mole: A Measurement of Matter A. What is a mole? 1. Chemistry is a quantitative science. What does this term mean?
More informationAppendix D. Reaction Stoichiometry D.1 INTRODUCTION
Appendix D Reaction Stoichiometry D.1 INTRODUCTION In Appendix A, the stoichiometry of elements and compounds was presented. There, the relationships among grams, moles and number of atoms and molecules
More informationSCH 4C1 Unit 2 Problem Set Questions taken from Frank Mustoe et all, "Chemistry 11", McGrawHill Ryerson, 2001
SCH 4C1 Unit 2 Problem Set Questions taken from Frank Mustoe et all, "Chemistry 11", McGrawHill Ryerson, 2001 1. A small pin contains 0.0178 mol of iron. How many atoms of iron are in the pin? 2. A sample
More informationStoichiometry. 1. The total number of moles represented by 20 grams of calcium carbonate is (1) 1; (2) 2; (3) 0.1; (4) 0.2.
Stoichiometry 1 The total number of moles represented by 20 grams of calcium carbonate is (1) 1; (2) 2; (3) 01; (4) 02 2 A 44 gram sample of a hydrate was heated until the water of hydration was driven
More informationConcept 1. The meaning and usefulness of the mole. The mole (or mol) represents a certain number of objects.
Chapter 3. Stoichiometry: MoleMass Relationships in Chemical Reactions Concept 1. The meaning and usefulness of the mole The mole (or mol) represents a certain number of objects. SI def.: the amount of
More informationMoles. Moles. Moles. Moles. Balancing Eqns. Balancing. Balancing Eqns. Symbols Yields or Produces. Like a recipe:
Like a recipe: Balancing Eqns Reactants Products 2H 2 (g) + O 2 (g) 2H 2 O(l) coefficients subscripts Balancing Eqns Balancing Symbols (s) (l) (aq) (g) or Yields or Produces solid liquid (pure liquid)
More informationReactions. Balancing Chemical Equations uses Law of conservation of mass: matter cannot be lost in any chemical reaction
Reactions Chapter 8 Combustion Decomposition Combination Chapter 9 Aqueous Reactions Exchange reactions (Metathesis) Formation of a precipitate Formation of a gas Formation of a week or nonelectrolyte
More informationSolution a homogeneous mixture = A solvent + solute(s) Aqueous solution water is the solvent
Solution a homogeneous mixture = A solvent + solute(s) Aqueous solution water is the solvent Water a polar solvent: dissolves most ionic compounds as well as many molecular compounds Aqueous solution:
More informationPart One: Mass and Moles of Substance. Molecular Mass = sum of the Atomic Masses in a molecule
CHAPTER THREE: CALCULATIONS WITH CHEMICAL FORMULAS AND EQUATIONS Part One: Mass and Moles of Substance A. Molecular Mass and Formula Mass. (Section 3.1) 1. Just as we can talk about mass of one atom of
More informationCalculations with Chemical Formulas and Equations
Chapter 3 Calculations with Chemical Formulas and Equations Concept Check 3.1 You have 1.5 moles of tricycles. a. How many moles of seats do you have? b. How many moles of tires do you have? c. How could
More informationW1 WORKSHOP ON STOICHIOMETRY
INTRODUCTION W1 WORKSHOP ON STOICHIOMETRY These notes and exercises are designed to introduce you to the basic concepts required to understand a chemical formula or equation. Relative atomic masses of
More informationPART I: MULTIPLE CHOICE (30 multiple choice questions. Each multiple choice question is worth 2 points)
CHEMISTRY 12307 Midterm #1 Answer key October 14, 2010 Statistics: Average: 74 p (74%); Highest: 97 p (95%); Lowest: 33 p (33%) Number of students performing at or above average: 67 (57%) Number of students
More information2. The percent yield is the maximum amount of product that can be produced from the given amount of limiting reactant.
UNIT 6 stoichiometry practice test True/False Indicate whether the statement is true or false. moles F 1. The mole ratio is a comparison of how many grams of one substance are required to participate in
More informationThe Mole and Molar Mass
The Mole and Molar Mass 1 Molar mass is the mass of one mole of a substance. Molar mass is numerically equal to atomic mass, molecular mass, or formula mass. However the units of molar mass are g/mol.
More informationAtomic Masses. Chapter 3. Stoichiometry. Chemical Stoichiometry. Mass and Moles of a Substance. Average Atomic Mass
Atomic Masses Chapter 3 Stoichiometry 1 atomic mass unit (amu) = 1/12 of the mass of a 12 C atom so one 12 C atom has a mass of 12 amu (exact number). From mass spectrometry: 13 C/ 12 C = 1.0836129 amu
More informationChapter 3 Calculation with Chemical Formulas and Equations
Chapter 3 Calculation with Chemical Formulas and Equations Practical Applications of Chemistry Determining chemical formula of a substance Predicting the amount of substances consumed during a reaction
More informationStoichiometry Review
Stoichiometry Review There are 20 problems in this review set. Answers, including problem setup, can be found in the second half of this document. 1. N 2 (g) + 3H 2 (g) > 2NH 3 (g) a. nitrogen
More informationChapter 9. Answers to Questions
Chapter 9 Answers to Questions 1. Word equation: Silicon Tetrachloride + Water Silicon Dioxide + Hydrogen Chloride Formulas: Next, the chemical formulas are needed. As these are all covalent compounds,
More informationChapter 1 The Atomic Nature of Matter: Selected Answersc for Practice Exam.
Chapter 1 The Atomic Nature of Matter: Selected Answersc for Practice Exam. MULTIPLE CHOICE 50. 5.80 g of dioxane (C 4 H 8 O 2 ) is how many moles of dioxane? 0.0658 mol 0.0707 mol 0.0725 mol d. 0.0804
More informationCHAPTER 3 COMPOUNDS AND MOLECULES
Chapter 3 Compounds and Molecules Page 1 CHAPTER 3 COMPOUNDS AND MOLECULES 31. Octane, a component of gasoline, has eight carbon atoms and eighteen hydrogen atoms per molecule. Its formula is written
More information2 Stoichiometry: Chemical Arithmetic Formula Conventions (1 of 24) 2 Stoichiometry: Chemical Arithmetic Stoichiometry Terms (2 of 24)
Formula Conventions (1 of 24) Superscripts used to show the charges on ions Mg 2+ the 2 means a 2+ charge (lost 2 electrons) Subscripts used to show numbers of atoms in a formula unit H 2 SO 4 two H s,
More informationProblem Set #10  Answers
Problem Set #10  Answers BIG IDEAS Fill in the blanks or circle the correct response in brackets. 1) When a reaction occurs, the stuff you start with is called the _reactants_ and the stuff you end up
More informationAP Chem Unit 1 Assignment 3 Chemical Equations
Symbols used in chemical equations: Symbol Meaning + used to separate one reactant or product from another used to separate the reactants from the products  it is pronounced "yields" or "produces" when
More informationChapter 5. Chemical Reactions and Equations. Introduction. Chapter 5 Topics. 5.1 What is a Chemical Reaction
Introduction Chapter 5 Chemical Reactions and Equations Chemical reactions occur all around us. How do we make sense of these changes? What patterns can we find? 1 2 Copyright The McGrawHill Companies,
More informationCHAPTER 12 GASES AND THEIR BEHAVIOR
Chapter 12 Gases and Their Behavior Page 1 CHAPTER 12 GASES AND THEIR BEHAVIOR 121. Which of the following represents the largest gas pressure? (a) 1.0 atm (b) 1.0 mm Hg (c) 1.0 Pa (d) 1.0 KPa 122. Nitrogen
More informationCHEMICAL REACTIONS. Chemistry 51 Chapter 6
CHEMICAL REACTIONS A chemical reaction is a rearrangement of atoms in which some of the original bonds are broken and new bonds are formed to give different chemical structures. In a chemical reaction,
More information1. How many hydrogen atoms are in 1.00 g of hydrogen?
MOLES AND CALCULATIONS USING THE MOLE CONCEPT INTRODUCTORY TERMS A. What is an amu? 1.66 x 1024 g B. We need a conversion to the macroscopic world. 1. How many hydrogen atoms are in 1.00 g of hydrogen?
More informationCHAPTER 8 Chemical Equations and Reactions
CHAPTER 8 Chemical Equations and Reactions SECTION 1 Describing Chemical Reactions OBJECTIVES 1. List three observations that suggest that a chemical reaction has taken place. 2. List three requirements
More informationCHEMISTRY II FINAL EXAM REVIEW
Name Period CHEMISTRY II FINAL EXAM REVIEW Final Exam: approximately 75 multiple choice questions Ch 12: Stoichiometry Ch 5 & 6: Electron Configurations & Periodic Properties Ch 7 & 8: Bonding Ch 14: Gas
More informationChapter 5, Calculations and the Chemical Equation
1. How many iron atoms are present in one mole of iron? Ans. 6.02 1023 atoms 2. How many grams of sulfur are found in 0.150 mol of sulfur? [Use atomic weight: S, 32.06 amu] Ans. 4.81 g 3. How many moles
More informationTutorial 4 SOLUTION STOICHIOMETRY. Solution stoichiometry calculations involve chemical reactions taking place in solution.
T27 Tutorial 4 SOLUTION STOICHIOMETRY Solution stoichiometry calculations involve chemical reactions taking place in solution. Of the various methods of expressing solution concentration the most convenient
More informationChapter 3 Molecules, Moles, and Chemical Equations. Chapter Objectives. Warning!! Chapter Objectives. Chapter Objectives
Larry Brown Tom Holme www.cengage.com/chemistry/brown Chapter 3 Molecules, Moles, and Chemical Equations Jacqueline Bennett SUNY Oneonta 2 Warning!! These slides contains visual aids for learning BUT they
More informationneutrons are present?
AP Chem Summer Assignment Worksheet #1 Atomic Structure 1. a) For the ion 39 K +, state how many electrons, how many protons, and how many 19 neutrons are present? b) Which of these particles has the smallest
More informationCalculations with Chemical Reactions
Calculations with Chemical Reactions Calculations with chemical reactions require some background knowledge in basic chemistry concepts. Please, see the definitions from chemistry listed below: Atomic
More informationChemical Equations. Chemical Equations. Chemical reactions describe processes involving chemical change
Chemical Reactions Chemical Equations Chemical reactions describe processes involving chemical change The chemical change involves rearranging matter Converting one or more pure substances into new pure
More informationChemical Equations and Chemical Reactions. Chapter 8.1
Chemical Equations and Chemical Reactions Chapter 8.1 Objectives List observations that suggest that a chemical reaction has taken place List the requirements for a correctly written chemical equation.
More informationChapter 3. Molecules, Compounds, and Chemical Composition
Chapter 3 Molecules, Compounds, and Chemical Composition Elements and Compounds Elements combine together to make an almost limitless number of compounds. The properties of the compound are totally different
More information1. When the following equation is balanced, the coefficient of Al is. Al (s) + H 2 O (l)? Al(OH) 3 (s) + H 2 (g)
1. When the following equation is balanced, the coefficient of Al is. Al (s) + H 2 O (l)? Al(OH) (s) + H 2 (g) A) 1 B) 2 C) 4 D) 5 E) Al (s) + H 2 O (l)? Al(OH) (s) + H 2 (g) Al (s) + H 2 O (l)? Al(OH)
More informationBalancing Chemical Equations Worksheet
Balancing Chemical Equations Worksheet Student Instructions 1. Identify the reactants and products and write a word equation. 2. Write the correct chemical formula for each of the reactants and the products.
More information@ Oxford Fajar Sdn. Bhd. (008974T) 2012. Matter. 1.1 Atoms and Molecules 1.2 Mole Concept 1.3 Stoichiometry
1 Matter 1.1 Atoms and Molecules 1.2 Mole Concept 1.3 Stoichiometry 2 Chemistry for Matriculation Semester 1 1.1 Atoms and Molecules LEARNING OUTCOMES Describe proton, electron and neutron in terms of
More informationStoichiometry. Unit Outline
3 Stoichiometry Unit Outline 3.1 The Mole and Molar Mass 3.2 Stoichiometry and Compound Formulas 3.3 Stoichiometry and Chemical Reactions 3.4 Stoichiometry and Limiting Reactants 3.5 Chemical Analysis
More informationEx: 1. 1 mol C H O g C H O. Ex: mol C H O mol C H O.
Example of how to solve a masstomass stoichiometry problem Example Problem: If 1.00 gram of the simple sugar fructose (C 6 H 12 O 6 ) is burned in atmospheric oxygen of (O 2 ), what mass of carbon dioxide
More informationb. N 2 H 4 c. aluminum oxalate d. acetic acid e. arsenic PART 2: MOLAR MASS 2. Determine the molar mass for each of the following. a. ZnI 2 b.
CHEMISTRY DISCOVER UNIT 5 LOTS OF PRACTICE ON USING THE MOLE!!! PART 1: ATOMIC MASS, FORMULA MASS, OR MOLECULAR MASS 1. Determine the atomic mass, formula mass, or molecular mass for each of the following
More informationChapter 6 Chemical Calculations
Chapter 6 Chemical Calculations 1 Submicroscopic Macroscopic 2 Chapter Outline 1. Formula Masses (Ch 6.1) 2. Percent Composition (supplemental material) 3. The Mole & Avogadro s Number (Ch 6.2) 4. Molar
More informationChapter 3 Stoichiometry
Chapter 3 Stoichiometry 31 Chapter 3 Stoichiometry In This Chapter As you have learned in previous chapters, much of chemistry involves using macroscopic measurements to deduce what happens between atoms
More informationCHM101A Exam 2 Version 1 October 10, 2006
CHM101A Exam 2 Version 1 1. Which of the following statements is incorrect? A. SF 4 has ¼ as many sulfur atoms as fluorine atoms. B. Ca(NO 3 ) 2 has six times as many oxygen atoms as calcium ions. C.
More informationPotassium + Chlorine. K(s) + Cl 2 (g) 2 KCl(s)
Types of Reactions Consider for a moment the number of possible chemical reactions. Because there are millions of chemical compounds, it is logical to expect that there are millions of possible chemical
More informationChemical Calculations: Formula Masses, Moles, and Chemical Equations
Chemical Calculations: Formula Masses, Moles, and Chemical Equations Atomic Mass & Formula Mass Recall from Chapter Three that the average mass of an atom of a given element can be found on the periodic
More informationChapter 7: Chemical Equations. Name: Date: Period:
Chapter 7: Chemical Equations Name: Date: Period: 71 What is a chemical reaction? Read pages 232237 a) Explain what a chemical reaction is. b) Distinguish between evidence that suggests a chemical reaction
More informationCh. 10 The Mole I. Molar Conversions
Ch. 10 The Mole I. Molar Conversions I II III IV A. What is the Mole? A counting number (like a dozen) Avogadro s number (N A ) 1 mole = 6.022 10 23 representative particles B. Mole/Particle Conversions
More informationMolar Mass Worksheet Answer Key
Molar Mass Worksheet Answer Key Calculate the molar masses of the following chemicals: 1) Cl 2 71 g/mol 2) KOH 56.1 g/mol 3) BeCl 2 80 g/mol 4) FeCl 3 162.3 g/mol 5) BF 3 67.8 g/mol 6) CCl 2 F 2 121 g/mol
More information