Annual forage sorghum

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Annual forage sorghum"

Transcription

1 Annual forage sorghum Scientific name(s) Sorghum spp. annual forage hybrids Sorghum vulgare sweet sorghum Sorghum spp. hybrid sweet sudan grass hybrids Strengths Easy to establish Highly productive Good regrowth potential Provides standover forage in winter Can be grown in dryland and irrigated situations Can be used for grazing, hay &/or silage Limitations Requires high fertility soils Requires good soil water or irrigation for maximum production Requires appropriate grazing management to obtain maximum potential Prussic acid poisoning though the potential is low in normal seasons Varietal selection must be made carefully, depending on the final use e.g. for grazing, hay production, pit silage or round bale silage Plant description Plant: vigorously-growing, erect, annuals with branched tillers reaching 2-3 m in height. Stems: erect to 2-3 m. Leaves: cm wide. Seedhead: large pyramidal panicles with secondary and tertiary branches. Seeds: oval to round; size varies with cultivar between 30,000-75,000 seeds/kg. Pasture type and use Various species and their hybrids are grown as forage for livestock production or for hay or silage conservation. Coarse-stemmed varieties are not suitable for round bale silage production. The various types of hybrids have different agronomic features and uses. Sudan grass and Sudan x Sudan hybrids Grazing, hay Suitable for repeated, heavy grazing with excellent recovery between grazing Feed quality is often higher than the Sudan grass x grain sorghum hybrids Suited to hay making because it tillers heavily and has finer stems than other sorghums Lower prussic acid levels than other forage sorghums Sorghum hybrid Limited recovery from grazing High forage yield combined with high grain content Developed specifically for the silage industry Sweet sorghum hybrids

2 Grazing, hay or silage - coarse stemmed varieties for pit silage, narrow-stemmed varieties for round bale silage. Late-flowering cultivars for standover grazing into autumn. Slow recovery from grazing (poor regrowth) Tall late flowering types with thick stems and high sugar content are most suitable for standover feed into the autumn-winter Prussic acid levels are sometimes high. However, contemporary varieties have lower levels of prussic acid than older varieties and prussic acid is usually only a concern in drought years when plants are stressed Tall early flowering types with fine stems, have lower prussic acid and can be managed for silage by allowing them to set seed but harvest them when the seeds are soft. Fine-stemmed cultivars can be used in both pit and round bale silage Mainly used for standover feed into autumn-winter, or silage Preferred planting time December to January Sweet sorghum x Sudan grass hybrids Compact and leafy with more juicy and sweet stems Grazing, hay Late-flowering cultivars for standover grazing into autumn Prussic acid levels are low Similar to sweet sorghums but with more rapid regrowth They grow rapidly but some cultivars selected for later flowering are easier to manage as they remain leafy for longer. Sorghum x Sudan grass hybrids Suitable for repeated, heavy grazing with good recovery between grazing Potential for a high dry matter yield Best grazed at around one metre in height Early maturing types require strict grazing management in order to maximise both their fodder yield and feed quality BMR sorghum x sweet sorghum Brown midrib varieties contain less lignin and have higher digestibility May be subject to lodging Graze at m as with other varieties Where it grows Rainfall Grown on stored subsoil water. Requires mm rainfall or irrigation. Poor tolerance of flooding. Soils Performs best on heavy clay soils because of their high water holding capacity. When sown on lighter soils productivity will be reduced unless adequately fertilised and good seasonal rainfall occurs. Temperature Sow when the soil temperature is above 16 o C. Establishment Companion species Grasses: It is not recommended to sow with other grasses because of its quick growth and competitive nature. Legumes: Lablab and cowpeas, though difficult to manage owing to different maturity times of the forage sorghum used and of the companion crops. Sowing/planting rates as single species Sorghum x Sudan hybrids and Sweet sorghum hybrids: 3-5 kg/ha under marginal dryland conditions 8-12 kg/ha under favourable dryland conditions kg/ha under irrigation

3 Sudan grass types: 2-8 kg/ha under dryland conditions kg/ha under irrigation Sowing/planting rates in mixtures Sorghum x Sudan hybrids and Sweet sorghum hybrids: 2-6 kg/ha under dryland conditions Sudan grass types: 2-4 kg/ha under dryland conditions in favourable environments Sowing time When soil temperatures reaches 16 o C Inoculation Not applicable Fertiliser Should be grown on fertile soils and so would need additional nitrogen on soils of lower fertility. N can be applied where adequate soil moisture is available. Management Maintenance fertliser Produces large quantities of forage and extract significant quantities of nutrients. Application of fertiliser will depend on usage. Where forage is harvested for hay or silage, fertiliser budgets should be done based on soil test and nutrient extraction, and an application of fertiliser, particularly N and K should be made to maintain feed quality and productivity. Grazing/cutting Tolerant of heavy grazing with coarse stems remaining unless grazed early. Commence grazing when plants have reached m in height. Slashing after grazing will promote even regrowth. Should not be grazed below 15 cm if good regrowth is expected. Can expect 4 or more grazings under ideal conditions. Seed production Seed of the non hybrid sudan types can be harvested. Ability to spread Low Weed potential Regenerating seedlings can be a problem in crop rotations Major pests None of signifacance Major diseases None of signifacance Herbicide susceptibility Atrazine may be used as a pre-emergence herbicide for grass and broadleaf weed control with care with some hybrids (see label recommendations) but not with sudan grass. Animal production Feeding value Nutritive value depends greatly on soil fertility or the amount of fertiliser applied, and on grazing

4 management where best results are achieved with a grazing height of m. At this height, crude protein levels could be as high as 18% with energy levels of MJ/kg DM. Palatability Moderately palatable and digestible when young. The sweet sorghum hybrids keep a higher free sugar content in the stem and are more suitable as stand-over feed into winter or the dry season. Production potential Generally, liveweight gains vary between 0.5 to 1.0 kg per head per day depending on plant height and leafiness. Livestock disorders/toxicity Leaves can be poisonous to grazing livestock due to prussic acid, especially in young stressed regrowth during a dry spell. Having supplement blocks containing sulphur available will reduce the risk of prussic acid poisoning. Nitrate poisoning can occur when grown on fertile soils containing high levels of nitrogen and when plants are stressed by dry conditions or frost. Cultivars Type Time to flower Cultivar Important characteristics Seed source/information sudan x sudan late Superdan Fine stems, many tillers Pacific Seeds late PAC Pacific Seeds sorghum x sudan late Pacific BMR Pacific Seeds ultra late Jumbo Very leafy Pacific Seeds Sweet Jumbo BettaGraze Cow Pow Everlush Very high sugar content Pacific Seeds Pioneer Pioneer Lush Bully Beef Cow Candy Zulu Grazer - N2 BMR sorghum x sweet sorghum BMR Revolution BMR Supreme BMR Choice Pacific BMR Sweet sorghum x sweet sorghum Hunnigreen Megasweet Sugargraze Sweet sorghum x sudan Sorghum x sorghum Nectar Graze n sile

5 Chopper Further information Cropping Yearbooks from the various seed companies that breed forage sorghums Acknowledgements - Author and date Brian Johnson, David Lloyd, Graeme Busby (DPI&F, Qld)

Forage Sorghum Production Guide

Forage Sorghum Production Guide Forage Sorghum Production Guide Dr. Twain Butler, Extension Agronomist Stephenville Dr. Brent Bean, Extension Agronomist - Amarillo Introduction The use of Sorghum has increased in recent years due to

More information

Fodder Beet Growing & Grazing Guide

Fodder Beet Growing & Grazing Guide Introduction. Fodder Beet is potentially the highest yielding winter forage options available to farmers currently. Some of the advantages of growing fodder beet include: High dry matter yield Not in the

More information

PUTTING FORAGES TOGETHER FOR YEAR ROUND GRAZING

PUTTING FORAGES TOGETHER FOR YEAR ROUND GRAZING PUTTING FORAGES TOGETHER FOR YEAR ROUND GRAZING Jimmy C. Henning A good rotational grazing system begins with a forage system that allows the maximum number of grazing days per year with forages that are

More information

primefacts Yield and digestibility of legume and oat forages Dr Brian Dear Principal Research Scientist

primefacts Yield and digestibility of legume and oat forages Dr Brian Dear Principal Research Scientist N S W D P I primefacts P R O F I T A B L E & S U S T A I N A B L E P R I M A R Y I N D U S T R I E S w w w. d p i. n s w. g o v. a u N O V E M B E R 2 0 0 5 P R I M E F A C T 5 2 Yield and digestibility

More information

What is Nitrite Toxicity? Georgia Cattleman, June 2002 John Andrae, Forage Extension Specialist

What is Nitrite Toxicity? Georgia Cattleman, June 2002 John Andrae, Forage Extension Specialist What is Nitrite Toxicity? Georgia Cattleman, June 2002 John Andrae, Forage Extension Specialist Many beef producers are familiar with high nitrates in forages and their toxic effects in cattle. Probably

More information

The High Plains Dairy Conference does not support one product over another and any mention herein is meant as an example, not an endorsement.

The High Plains Dairy Conference does not support one product over another and any mention herein is meant as an example, not an endorsement. Corn and Sorghum Silage Production Considerations Brent Bean, Professor and Texas AgriLife Extension Agronomist Amarillo Mark Marsalis, Associate Professor and NMSU Extension Agronomist Clovis Email: b-bean@tamu.edu

More information

Managing of Annual Winter Forages in Southwest Texas

Managing of Annual Winter Forages in Southwest Texas r r r rr EDUCATION RESEARCH EXTENSION The Texas A&M University System Soil & Crop Sciences Managing of Annual Winter Forages in Southwest Texas Mr Charles Stichler Assocaite Professor and Extension Agronomist

More information

A Look at Five Green Manures for Tropical Farm Systems by: Kristin Hettich

A Look at Five Green Manures for Tropical Farm Systems by: Kristin Hettich A Look at Five Green Manures for Tropical Farm Systems by: Kristin Hettich Background Green manuring involves the soil incorporation of any field or forage crop while green or soon after flowering for

More information

Forage Value Chapter 2. Forage Value

Forage Value Chapter 2. Forage Value Forage Value Chapter 2 Forage Value 2 Livestock producers in the western United States, including Oregon, are at an economic disadvantage relative to those in some other regions in North America because

More information

ennessee is one of the top livestock producing states in the country. Much of the livestock in Tennessee is raised by smaller-scale, parttime

ennessee is one of the top livestock producing states in the country. Much of the livestock in Tennessee is raised by smaller-scale, parttime T ennessee is one of the top livestock producing states in the country. Much of the livestock in Tennessee is raised by smaller-scale, parttime producers. No matter what size operation, good pasture management

More information

An Arvum Group Company SEED TECHNOLOGY MAIZE GUIDE 2013 SUPPORTING FARM INCOME WITH BETTER VARIETIES

An Arvum Group Company SEED TECHNOLOGY MAIZE GUIDE 2013 SUPPORTING FARM INCOME WITH BETTER VARIETIES SEED TECHNOLOGY MAIZE GUIDE 2013 SUPPORTING FARM INCOME WITH BETTER VARIETIES WHY GROW MAIZE? Maize Silage is a high energy starch-rich and very palatable forage which is ideal for including in ruminant

More information

Your Hay Test and Your Horse

Your Hay Test and Your Horse Page 1 Your Hay Test and Your Horse How to Decipher the Lab Report and Tell What it Means Buying hay for your horse can be a challenge whether you buy it a few bales at a time or buy a year s supply as

More information

Improve and protect your soil

Improve and protect your soil Improve and protect your soil Green Manure, Catch and Cover Crops Green Manure Blends SAATEN UNION are the market leaders in Europe for catch and cover crops and a leading specialist in biological control

More information

Annual Winter Pastures for East Texas

Annual Winter Pastures for East Texas Forages SCS-2006-05 Annual Winter Pastures for East Texas J. Vendramini, G.W. Evers, and L. Redmon Soil and Crop Sciences Department Warm-season perennial grasses dominate most of the pastures in East

More information

SHORT DESCRIPTION OF TECHNICAL PAPER CONTENT

SHORT DESCRIPTION OF TECHNICAL PAPER CONTENT Soil Testing is one of a range Animal Welfare Approved technical papers designed to provide practical advice and support to farmers. For more information visit www.animalwelfareapproved.org SHORT DESCRIPTION

More information

CORN (MAIZE) & BIOFUEL CORN

CORN (MAIZE) & BIOFUEL CORN CORN CORN (MAIZE) & BIOFUEL CORN NaanDanJain has many years experience with corn irrigation. Modern irrigation can increase the productivity of the crop for higher yields, using less water and fertilizers.

More information

Maize is a major cereal grown and consumed in Uganda and in the countries of Kenya, Sudan, Democratic Republic of Congo and Rwanda

Maize is a major cereal grown and consumed in Uganda and in the countries of Kenya, Sudan, Democratic Republic of Congo and Rwanda Maize Production in Uganda Farmers have improved maize yields from 1,000Kg/ha to 3,000-5,000 Kg/ha using the recommended technologies Maize is a major cereal grown and consumed in Uganda and in the countries

More information

Crop Nutrient Needs in South and Southwest Texas

Crop Nutrient Needs in South and Southwest Texas B-6053 04-01 Crop Nutrient Needs in South and Southwest Texas Charles Stichler and Mark McFarland* Crop fertilization is not an exact science. The soil is a dynamic, changing, and complex mixture of organic

More information

Forage Quality. Ted Probert Regional Dairy Specialist

Forage Quality. Ted Probert Regional Dairy Specialist Forage Quality Ted Probert Regional Dairy Specialist Forage Quality and Pasture Nutrition Ted Probert Regional Dairy Specialist Intensive Grazing vs MiG Is This High Quality Forage? Is This High Quality

More information

The Potash Development Association Potash for Cereals

The Potash Development Association Potash for Cereals leaflet 11 The Potash Development Association Potash for Cereals Introduction There is tremendous pressure on cereal farmers to reduce costs. Expenditure on fertilisers ranges between 60-100 per hectare

More information

Managing Healthy Pastures in Clallam County

Managing Healthy Pastures in Clallam County Managing Healthy Pastures in Clallam County What is Pasture Management? This guide will help you learn how to take care of your pastures so you can grow more feed for your livestock. Think of yourself

More information

Bermudagrass is an integral component of

Bermudagrass is an integral component of The Bermudagrass Advantage News and Information on Seeded Forage Bermudagrass Pennington Offers Premium Line of Seeded Forage Bermudagrass Bermudagrass is an integral component of southern pasture and

More information

SCHEDULE C FORAGE PRODUCTION PLAN

SCHEDULE C FORAGE PRODUCTION PLAN SCHEDULE C FORAGE PRODUCTION PLAN This Schedule C, Forage Production Plan forms an integral part of the PRODUCTION INSURANCE AGREEMENT and as such contains supplementary information specific to insurance

More information

TIMOTHY HAY PRODUCTION FOR EXPORT. Steve Fransen 1 ABSTRACT PRODUCTION OF EXPORT QUALITY TIMOTHY HAY IN A GOOD WATER YEAR

TIMOTHY HAY PRODUCTION FOR EXPORT. Steve Fransen 1 ABSTRACT PRODUCTION OF EXPORT QUALITY TIMOTHY HAY IN A GOOD WATER YEAR TIMOTHY HAY PRODUCTION FOR EXPORT Steve Fransen 1 ABSTRACT Timothy (Phleum pratense) is a highly productive cool-season grass grown mainly for hay in the Pacific Northwest. Alfalfa may be Queen of the

More information

HELP STOP THE SPREAD OF. velvetleaf. Supported by Help eliminate velvetleaf Regional Councils

HELP STOP THE SPREAD OF. velvetleaf. Supported by Help eliminate velvetleaf Regional Councils HELP STOP THE SPREAD OF velvetleaf Supported by Help eliminate velvetleaf Regional Councils VELVETLEAF HOW YOU CAN HELP Velvetleaf (Abutilon theophrasti) is an Unwanted Organism under the Biosecurity Act

More information

Forage Legumes and Nitrogen Production

Forage Legumes and Nitrogen Production Oklahoma Cooperative Extension Service PSS-2590 Forage Legumes and Nitrogen Production John Caddel Forage Agronomy Daren Redfearn Forage and Pasture Management Oklahoma Cooperative Extension Fact Sheets

More information

suscon Green One application. 3 years control against grass grub. Grass grub damaged pasture

suscon Green One application. 3 years control against grass grub. Grass grub damaged pasture suscon Green One application. 3 years control against grass grub. Grass grub damaged pasture suscon Green is a dust free, controlled release granule that controls Grass Grub in newly established pasture

More information

EVALUATION OF FORAGE SORGHUM SILAGES WITH THE ADITION OF SORGHUM GRAIN. 509, Córdoba, Argentina, Abstract

EVALUATION OF FORAGE SORGHUM SILAGES WITH THE ADITION OF SORGHUM GRAIN. 509, Córdoba, Argentina, Abstract EVALUATION OF FORAGE SORGHUM SILAGES WITH THE ADITION OF SORGHUM GRAIN ID # 21-09 M. De León 1,2, E. Ustarroz 1,2, M.A.Brunetti 1, C. Boetto 2 and M. Bulaschevich 2 1 EEA Manfredi. Instituto Nacional de

More information

African Organic Agriculture Manual Booklet Series No. 4 Soil organic matter management HOW DO I IMPROVE THE SOIL ORGANIC MATTER?

African Organic Agriculture Manual Booklet Series No. 4 Soil organic matter management HOW DO I IMPROVE THE SOIL ORGANIC MATTER? African Organic Agriculture Manual Booklet Series No. 4 Soil organic matter management HOW DO I IMPROVE THE SOIL ORGANIC MATTER? What do I need to know about soil organic mat Soil organic matter is essential

More information

Corn Stalks and Drought-Damaged Corn Hay as Emergency Feeds for Beef Cattle

Corn Stalks and Drought-Damaged Corn Hay as Emergency Feeds for Beef Cattle Contacts: Matt Poore, Science, 919.515.7798 Jim Turner, Science, 828.246.4466 North Carolina Cooperative Extension College of Agriculture and Life Sciences North Carolina State University or contact your

More information

1 SEEDLING QUALITY. Seedling quality

1 SEEDLING QUALITY. Seedling quality Seedling quality Quality versus quantity A nursery manager s most important goal is to produce quality trees. Quality is more important than quantity. It is a common mistake in nurseries to concentrate

More information

Food Plot Plantings f o r Wh i t e-t a i l e d De e r in Lo u i s i a n a

Food Plot Plantings f o r Wh i t e-t a i l e d De e r in Lo u i s i a n a Food Plot Plantings f o r Wh i t e-t a i l e d De e r in Lo u i s i a n a 1 introduction Hunters and land managers are always seeking new and more innovative ways to improve the quality and attractiveness

More information

Multiple Choice Questions

Multiple Choice Questions Chapter 15 IMPROVEMENT IN FOOD RESOURCES Multiple Choice Questions 1. Which one is an oil yielding plant among the following? (a) Lentil (b) Sunflower (c) Cauliflower (d) Hibiscus 2. Which one is not a

More information

Grass Legume Mixtures:

Grass Legume Mixtures: Mid Atlantic Dairy Grazing Conference Grass Legume Mixtures: Dairy grazing is high value grazing. Persistence (seedbank or root system), Quality (digestibility) Productivity per acre and per animal Perennials

More information

College of Agricultural Sciences Agricultural Research and Cooperative Extension

College of Agricultural Sciences Agricultural Research and Cooperative Extension Start Farming Introduction to Soils Fact 4 Determining Nutrient Applications for Small Farms Basic Calculations Conventional Generally production systems in Pennsylvania use a mixture of nutrient sources.

More information

Forage Economics, page2. Production Costs

Forage Economics, page2. Production Costs Forage Economics Geoffrey A. Benson, Professor Emeritus, Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics, and James T. Green, Jr., Professor Emeritus, Department of Crop Science, NC State University

More information

Forage Bermudagrass: Selection, Establishment and Management. Introduction

Forage Bermudagrass: Selection, Establishment and Management. Introduction E-179 4-03 Forage Bermudagrass: Selection, Establishment and Management Charles Stichler and David Bade, Extension Agronomists The Texas A&M University System Introduction In April of 1943, with the introduction

More information

To Order more Test Strips: Website: Kocour.net Product Code: EM Quant Test Strips Nitrate EM 10020

To Order more Test Strips: Website: Kocour.net Product Code: EM Quant Test Strips Nitrate EM 10020 EM Quant Nitrate Test Strip Instructions Sampling: Collect 5 samples from the field or from stored forage. Test each sample with a separate test strip. For green stems cut at the recommended grazing or

More information

Humidtropics Kiboga/Kyankwanzi Soybean production training

Humidtropics Kiboga/Kyankwanzi Soybean production training Humidtropics Kiboga/Kyankwanzi Soybean production training Makerere University and Humidtropics collaboration Soybean Seed production Training of Kiboga-Kyankwanzi platform members in Soybean Seed Production

More information

To complete the organization for all agricultural activities MARO has daughter companies such as

To complete the organization for all agricultural activities MARO has daughter companies such as www.maro.com.tr MARO was established as a family company at 1986. Our aims were producing seeds of forage crops such as alfalfa, sainfoin and vetch; developing new varieties and supplying certified seeds

More information

UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY AND LIFE SCIENCE in Bydgoszcz, Poland

UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY AND LIFE SCIENCE in Bydgoszcz, Poland UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY AND LIFE SCIENCE in Bydgoszcz, Poland Wheat in Poland Cereals are cultivated on 7859 kha, in which 22,9% is covered by wheat. Winter wheat monoculture in Poland Monoculture effects

More information

Economic and environmental analysis of the introduction of legumes in livestock farming systems

Economic and environmental analysis of the introduction of legumes in livestock farming systems Aspects of Applied Biology 79, 2006 What will organic farming deliver? COR 2006 Economic and environmental analysis of the introduction of legumes in livestock farming systems By C REVEREDO GIHA, C F E

More information

Basic Nutrition for High Yielding Crops

Basic Nutrition for High Yielding Crops Basic Nutrition for High Yielding Crops Stan Lalor Richie Hackett David Wall Mark Plunkett CELUP, Teagasc ITLUS 1 December 2011 Outline Soil fertility trends What are crops taking out of fields - What

More information

Section 5.1 Food chains and food webs

Section 5.1 Food chains and food webs Section 5.1 Food chains and food webs The ultimate source of energy in an ecosystem comes from sunlight This energy is converted to an organic form using photosynthesis which is then passed between organisms

More information

FOR DISTRIBUTION AND USE ONLY WITHIN THE STATE OF OHIO. Dual MAGNUM. EPA Reg. 100-816. EPA SLN No. OH-110002

FOR DISTRIBUTION AND USE ONLY WITHIN THE STATE OF OHIO. Dual MAGNUM. EPA Reg. 100-816. EPA SLN No. OH-110002 FOR DISTRIBUTION AND USE ONLY WITHIN THE STATE OF OHIO Dual MAGNUM EPA Reg. 100-816 This label for Dual Magnum expires and must not be distributed or used in accordance with this SLN registration after

More information

Forages for Beef Cattle Production in South Texas

Forages for Beef Cattle Production in South Texas Forages for Beef Cattle Production in South Texas Jamie L. Foster Assistant Professor of Forage Agronomy, Texas A&M AgriLife Research Beeville South Texas has a rich history of farming and livestock production

More information

Fruit Tree Planting? What is

Fruit Tree Planting? What is What is Fruit Tree Planting? Farmers' Handbook "The Fields", Fruit is a store of goodness. It is juicy, tasty and nutritious, and it holds vitamins essential for our health and well being. So it's our

More information

Fayette County Appraisal District

Fayette County Appraisal District Fayette County Appraisal District Agricultural Guidelines July 7, 2010 A SUPPLEMENT TO THE STATE OF TEXAS PROPERTY TAX MANUAL FOR THE APPRAISAL OF AGRICULTUAL LAND AND WILDLIFE MANAGEMENT ACTIVITIES AND

More information

Grasslands. Environmental Science Chapters 8

Grasslands. Environmental Science Chapters 8 Grasslands Environmental Science Chapters 8 Grassland Biome A grassland ecosystem is an area that receives more rainfall than a desert, but not enough to support the trees of a forest. These usually exist

More information

6 th INTERNATIONAL MULTIDISCIPLINARY CONFERENCE

6 th INTERNATIONAL MULTIDISCIPLINARY CONFERENCE 6 th INTERNATIONAL MULTIDISCIPLINARY CONFERENCE THE EFFECT OF NUTRIENT SUPPLY ON THE YIELD AND QUALITY OF MAIZE HYBRIDS Zoltán Futó Péter Jakab Tessedik Sámuel Collage, Agricultural College Faculty, Department

More information

This report summarizes estimated costs of improving

This report summarizes estimated costs of improving Estimated Costs of Ag Decision Maker Pasture and Hay Production File A1-15 This report summarizes estimated costs of improving pasture by five different systems. For each system, both the initial cost

More information

Number 389 February 15, 2013

Number 389 February 15, 2013 Number 389 February 15, 2013 1. When to take cattle off wheat pasture 2. Spring planting of alfalfa 3. Spring planting of spring oats 4. Winter Canola Risk Management Schools planned in February 5. Comparative

More information

Chilli - Long Red Cayenne, Long Slim Cayenne, P2391, Serano, Skyline 3, Star 6601, Thai chili, Thai Dragon.

Chilli - Long Red Cayenne, Long Slim Cayenne, P2391, Serano, Skyline 3, Star 6601, Thai chili, Thai Dragon. CAPSICUMS Hot pepper (chilli), sweet pepper and paprika. CLIMATE These crops require warmer conditions than tomatoes, and are more sensitive to cold and frost. The optimum mean temperatures for growth,

More information

FARM SYSTEM RISK ANALYSIS, BUILDING A FARM RISK PROFILE TO IMPROVE FARM ECONOMIC OUTCOMES

FARM SYSTEM RISK ANALYSIS, BUILDING A FARM RISK PROFILE TO IMPROVE FARM ECONOMIC OUTCOMES FARM SYSTEM RISK ANALYSIS, BUILDING A FARM RISK PROFILE TO IMPROVE FARM ECONOMIC OUTCOMES Grafton M.C.E. and Yule I.J. New Zealand Centre for Precision Agriculture, Institute of Agriculture and the Environment,

More information

Establishing Bermudagrass for Forage

Establishing Bermudagrass for Forage DIVISION OF AGRICULTURE R E S E A R C H & E X T E N S I O N University of Arkansas System Agriculture and Natural Resources Establishing Bermudagrass for Forage FSA19 John Jennings Professor Animal Science

More information

DAIRYING IN KWAZULU-NATAL. Characteristics of Common Roughages for Dairy Cows in KZN

DAIRYING IN KWAZULU-NATAL. Characteristics of Common Roughages for Dairy Cows in KZN DAIRYING IN KWAZULU-NATAL Characteristics of Common Roughages for Dairy Cows in KZN T J Dugmore Cedara Agricultural Development Institute There are numerous feeds, or combinations of feeds, suitable for

More information

Agricultural Production and Research in Heilongjiang Province, China. Jiang Enchen. Professor, Department of Agricultural Engineering, Northeast

Agricultural Production and Research in Heilongjiang Province, China. Jiang Enchen. Professor, Department of Agricultural Engineering, Northeast 1 Agricultural Production and Research in Heilongjiang Province, China Jiang Enchen Professor, Department of Agricultural Engineering, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin, China. Post code: 150030

More information

USING HUMIC COMPOUNDS TO IMPROVE EFFICIENCY OF FERTILISER NITROGEN

USING HUMIC COMPOUNDS TO IMPROVE EFFICIENCY OF FERTILISER NITROGEN USING HUMIC COMPOUNDS TO IMPROVE EFFICIENCY OF FERTILISER NITROGEN Phillip Schofield 1, Nicky Watt 2 and Max Schofield 3 1 Abron Farm Consultant, 3/129 Maraekakaho Rd Hastings Phillip.schofield@abron.co.nz

More information

GROWING FOREST TREES. For the new BMPs update - Call the Georgia Forestry Commission or visit

GROWING FOREST TREES. For the new BMPs update - Call the Georgia Forestry Commission or visit GROWING FOREST TREES TIMBER MANAGEMENT One forestry objective of many landowners is timber production. Even lands managed primarily for wildlife, recreation or water protection can produce timber. Forest

More information

Selwyn Te Waihora Nutrient Performance and Financial Analysis Prepared for: Irrigation NZ and ECan Prepared by: The AgriBusiness Group December 2012

Selwyn Te Waihora Nutrient Performance and Financial Analysis Prepared for: Irrigation NZ and ECan Prepared by: The AgriBusiness Group December 2012 Selwyn Te Waihora Nutrient Performance and Financial Analysis Prepared for: Irrigation NZ and ECan Prepared by: The AgriBusiness Group December 2012 Contents Selwyn Te Waihora Nutrient Benchmarking EXECUTIVE

More information

Corn Information for Corn Growers

Corn Information for Corn Growers Corn Information for Corn Growers Vernon G. James Research and Extension Center, Plymouth, NC 27962 Irrigation Management in Corn Ron Heiniger Cropping Systems Specialist North Carolina State University

More information

Report on the AgriProFocus Zambia Dairy Learning Lab conducted by PUM Netherlands Senior Experts.

Report on the AgriProFocus Zambia Dairy Learning Lab conducted by PUM Netherlands Senior Experts. Report on the AgriProFocus Zambia Dairy Learning Lab conducted by PUM Netherlands Senior Experts. 17 th 18 th March, 2015 at Golden Valley Research Trust, Chisamba. Report compiled by Gidi Smolders, PUM

More information

Winter Feeding Programs For Beef Cattle and Calves

Winter Feeding Programs For Beef Cattle and Calves A l a s k a L i v e s t o c k S e r i e s Winter Feeding Programs For Beef Cattle and Calves LPM-00741 Before making management and feeding decisions about beef cattle and calves, consider the following

More information

Farming. In the Standard Grade Geography exam there are three types of farming you need to know about arable, livestock and mixed.

Farming. In the Standard Grade Geography exam there are three types of farming you need to know about arable, livestock and mixed. Types of Farming In the Standard Grade Geography exam there are three types of farming you need to know about arable, livestock and mixed. Arable farms are ones where the main way of making money is by

More information

Strawberry Production Basics: Matted Row

Strawberry Production Basics: Matted Row Strawberry Production Basics: Matted Row David T. Handley, Vegetable and Small Fruits Specialist University of Maine Cooperative Extension Highmoor Farm, P.O. Box 179, Monmouth, Maine 04259 (207) 933-2100

More information

AEROBIC RICE: WATER SAVING RICE PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY

AEROBIC RICE: WATER SAVING RICE PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY AEROBIC RICE: WATER SAVING RICE PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY E. Subramanian 1, G. James Martin 2, E. Suburayalu 3 and R. Mohan 4 Abstract Field experiments were conducted at Central Farm, Coimbatore to develop

More information

Endophytes of perennial ryegrass and tall fescue

Endophytes of perennial ryegrass and tall fescue FEBRUARY 2007 PRIMEFACT 535 (REPLACES AGFACT P2.3.9) Endophytes of perennial ryegrass and tall fescue Harry Kemp Former District Agronomist Dr Chris Bourke Principal Research Scientist (Poisonous Plants),

More information

Table 3. List of descritors for maize

Table 3. List of descritors for maize Table 3. List of descritors for maize Descriptor Descriptor Descriptor state Recording stage Remarks number 1 Accession number 2 Total no. of leaves Record the total number of At flowering leaves per plant

More information

AGR Forage Science and Range Management Spring 2015

AGR Forage Science and Range Management Spring 2015 AGR 4231 - Forage Science and Range Management Spring 2015 Dr. L. E. Sollenberger 3111 McCarty Hall B; Phone: 352-273-3420 Email: LESOLLEN@UFL.EDU Office Hours: Monday, Wednesday, and Friday: 9:30-12:00

More information

THE SCIENCE THE FUTURE OF CANADIAN CANOLA: APPLY THE SCIENCE OF AGRONOMICS TO MAXIMIZE GENETIC POTENTIAL.

THE SCIENCE THE FUTURE OF CANADIAN CANOLA: APPLY THE SCIENCE OF AGRONOMICS TO MAXIMIZE GENETIC POTENTIAL. THE SCIENCE THE FUTURE OF CANADIAN CANOLA: APPLY THE SCIENCE OF AGRONOMICS TO MAXIMIZE GENETIC POTENTIAL. WHERE WE HAVE BEEN CANOLA PRODUCTION HAS SURPASSED THE INDUSTRY TARGET OF 15 MMT. This was achieved

More information

Facts on alternative fibre sources

Facts on alternative fibre sources Facts on alternative fibre sources When pasture is limited and supplies of fodder are reduced, you may be forced to consider using alternative fibre options which you may not have used before. Many alternative

More information

Introduction. Introduction Nutritional Requirements. Six Major Classes of Nutrients. Water 12/1/2011. Regional Hay School -- Bolivar, MO 1

Introduction. Introduction Nutritional Requirements. Six Major Classes of Nutrients. Water 12/1/2011. Regional Hay School -- Bolivar, MO 1 Cattle and Horse Nutrition Dona Goede Livestock Specialist Introduction Many health, reproductive and production problems can be prevented with good nutrition. Poor nutrition results in: Poor conception

More information

COVER CROPS FOR RASPBERRY PLANTINGS

COVER CROPS FOR RASPBERRY PLANTINGS COVER CROPS FOR RASPBERRY PLANTINGS Dr. Marvin Pritts, Department of Horticulture, Cornell University s College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Ithaca, NY 14853 (For more information visit www.fruit.cornell.edu)

More information

FIBER DIGESTIBILITY AND STARCH CONTENT OF CORN SILAGE. Neal P. Martin, David R. Mertens, Mary Beth Hall, and Joe G.

FIBER DIGESTIBILITY AND STARCH CONTENT OF CORN SILAGE. Neal P. Martin, David R. Mertens, Mary Beth Hall, and Joe G. FIBER DIGESTIBILITY AND STARCH CONTENT OF CORN SILAGE Neal P. Martin, David R. Mertens, Mary Beth Hall, and Joe G. Lauer 1 ABSTRACT Corn silage is a major forage crop in Idaho, supporting its dairy industry.

More information

Grow your own wheat. preparation #1. Brockwell Bake TEACHER S NOTES. Sowing times. Choosing and obtaining seed wheat. Sowing site.

Grow your own wheat. preparation #1. Brockwell Bake TEACHER S NOTES. Sowing times. Choosing and obtaining seed wheat. Sowing site. Brockwell Bake preparation #1 Sowing times Wheat is divided into spring and winter wheat, meaning spring wheat which grows relatively fast and is sown at the start of Spring (usually March) once soil is

More information

Irrigated Winter Wheat

Irrigated Winter Wheat Southern Idaho Fertilizer Guide Irrigated Winter Wheat Brad Brown, Soil Scientist Parma Research and Extension Center The following fertilizer guidelines are based on University of Idaho research that

More information

Full hand feeding of beef cattle quantities

Full hand feeding of beef cattle quantities JANUARY 2007 PRIMEFACT 295 (REPLACES AGNOTE DAI-172) Full hand feeding of beef cattle quantities Bill McKiernan Research Leader Animal Production, Production Research, Orange Assessing the situation The

More information

Sainfoin. Sainfoin Forage and Seed Production Trials: 1991-1993 1 Richard J. Roseberg, Associate Professor

Sainfoin. Sainfoin Forage and Seed Production Trials: 1991-1993 1 Richard J. Roseberg, Associate Professor Sainfoin Forage and Seed Production Trials: 1991-1993 1 Richard J. Roseberg, Associate Professor Introduction Sainfoin (Onobrychis viciifolia) is a forage legume that was introduced into the US in 1786,

More information

Estimated Costs of Crop. Production in Iowa - 2016 File A1-20 The estimated costs of corn, corn silage, Ag Decision Maker

Estimated Costs of Crop. Production in Iowa - 2016 File A1-20 The estimated costs of corn, corn silage, Ag Decision Maker Estimated Costs of Crop Ag Decision Maker Production in Iowa - 2016 File A1-20 The estimated costs of corn, corn silage, soybeans, alfalfa, and pasture maintenance in this report are based on data from

More information

Chapter D9. Irrigation scheduling

Chapter D9. Irrigation scheduling Chapter D9. Irrigation scheduling PURPOSE OF THIS CHAPTER To explain how to plan and schedule your irrigation program CHAPTER CONTENTS factors affecting irrigation intervals influence of soil water using

More information

FIELD MANAGEMENT PRACTICES

FIELD MANAGEMENT PRACTICES MAIZE PRODUCTION GENERAL INTRODUCTION Maize is one of the major staple foods in Uganda. Its production has increased over the years as people change their consumption trends. It has evolved from a purely

More information

Information contained herein is available to all persons without regard to race, color, sex, or national origin.

Information contained herein is available to all persons without regard to race, color, sex, or national origin. _ F Information contained herein is available to all persons without regard to race, color, sex, or national origin. Russell Bermudagr s, DONALD M. BALL, ROBERT AB RDE, AND MARCUS M. EICHIR, JR JR. BERMUDAGRASS

More information

Seeds for all Seasons Tropical Pasture Guide

Seeds for all Seasons Tropical Pasture Guide Seeds for all Seasons Tropical Pasture Guide Contents 2 Introduction 3 The Key To Success? 4 Good Grazing Management 5 Panic Grass 5 Bluegrass 5 Creeping Bluegrass 5 Buffel Grass 6 Digit Grass 6 Rhodes

More information

2015 Certified Bermudagrass Preliminary Buyers Guide

2015 Certified Bermudagrass Preliminary Buyers Guide 2015 Certified Bermudagrass Preliminary Buyers Guide IMPORTANT NOTICE! Final certification is contingent only on a satisfactory field inspection. This publication has been prepared to provide a list of

More information

Understanding the. Soil Test Report. Client and Sample Identification

Understanding the. Soil Test Report. Client and Sample Identification Understanding the Soil Test Report Page 1 of 7 Crops absorb the nutrients required from soil in order to grow, so ensuring that your soil is meeting the crops needs is critical. Having the proper level

More information

Published 2005 INTRODUCTION

Published 2005 INTRODUCTION MORINGA LEAF POWDER By Beth Doerr and Lindsay Cameron Published 2005 Copyright ECHO 2007. All rights reserved. This document may be reproduced for training purposes if distributed free of charge or at

More information

The ABCs of Pasture Grazing

The ABCs of Pasture Grazing L P E S Small Farms Fact Sheet series Livestock and Poultry Environmental Stewardship < L P E S > Curriculum By Ben Bartlett, Michigan State University Summary Well-managed pastures are Always the Best

More information

Farming at dairy farms (produktion på mælkelandbrug)

Farming at dairy farms (produktion på mælkelandbrug) Farming at dairy (produktion på mælkelandbrug) Process description The present data refer to production on eight typical Danish Dairy in 2000, which combines dairy and (cash) crop production in a mixed

More information

SOIL HEALTH COVER CROPS RELAY CROPPING

SOIL HEALTH COVER CROPS RELAY CROPPING SOIL HEALTH COVER CROPS RELAY CROPPING Sustainable Agriculture in North Dakota Tim Semler Extension Agent Farm Business Management 1 As a crop producer only Why grow a cover crop (CC)? CC pros: Prevented

More information

EXPERIENCES ON TRANSFER OF MANAGEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY FOR ASCOCHYTA BLIGHT OF CHICKPEA IN TURKEY. Nevin AÇIKGÖZ

EXPERIENCES ON TRANSFER OF MANAGEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY FOR ASCOCHYTA BLIGHT OF CHICKPEA IN TURKEY. Nevin AÇIKGÖZ ANADOLU, J. of AARI 7 (1) 1997, 1-8 MARA EXPERIENCES ON TRANSFER OF MANAGEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY FOR ASCOCHYTA BLIGHT OF CHICKPEA IN TURKEY Nevin AÇIKGÖZ Aegean Agricultural Research Institute POB. 9 Menemen,

More information

CROPS COSTS AND RETURNS 2014

CROPS COSTS AND RETURNS 2014 Crops, Environment and Land-Use Programme Kildalton CROPS COSTS AND RETURNS 2014 Compiled by: Tim O Donovan, Crops Specialist and Jim O Mahony, Head of Crops - KT Department Crop Margins Awareness of crop

More information

Management of goats at pasture. Barry W Norton School of Land and Food, University of Queensland, Australia

Management of goats at pasture. Barry W Norton School of Land and Food, University of Queensland, Australia Management of goats at pasture Barry W Norton School of Land and Food, University of Queensland, Australia Introduction In Australian and most Asian production systems, goats are held continuously at pasture

More information

COVER CROPS FOR VEGETABLE GROWERS

COVER CROPS FOR VEGETABLE GROWERS COMMERCIAL VEGETABLE PRODUCTION COVER CROPS FOR VEGETABLE GROWERS BY CHARLES W. MARR RHONDA JANKE PAUL CONWAY Cover crops are not grown for harvest; rather, they are grown to protect and improve soils.

More information

PASTURE MANAGEMENT FOR TASMANIAN DAIRY FARMERS

PASTURE MANAGEMENT FOR TASMANIAN DAIRY FARMERS PASTURE MANAGEMENT FOR TASMANIAN DAIRY FARMERS Our objective is to provide an easy-to-read reference manual to be used in conjunction with Intensive Pasture Management workshops. B.M. Doonan and L.D. Irvine

More information

My client has purchased a disc seeder...

My client has purchased a disc seeder... My client has purchased a disc seeder... Greg Condon and Barry Haskins GRDC Adviser Update, Narrandera 2012 My client has purchased a disc seeder what does this mean for my advice? Barry Haskins Hillston

More information

MANAGEMENT OF MEADOW FESCUE PASTURE FOR HIGH-PRODUCING DAIRY COWS IN NORTHERN JAPAN

MANAGEMENT OF MEADOW FESCUE PASTURE FOR HIGH-PRODUCING DAIRY COWS IN NORTHERN JAPAN ID #22-25 MANAGEMENT OF MEADOW FESCUE PASTURE FOR HIGH-PRODUCING DAIRY COWS IN NORTHERN JAPAN K. Sudo 1, K. Ochiai 2 and T. Ikeda 3 1 Hokkaido National Agricultural Experiment Station, Hitsujigaoka, Toyohira,

More information

Whitetail Deer Food Plot Considerations

Whitetail Deer Food Plot Considerations Whitetail Deer Food Plot Considerations Food plots are a way the sportsman or nature enthusiast can provide nutrients for deer. Currently, Illinois game law prohibits any other means of feeding whitetail

More information

Nutrient and Fertilizer Value of Dairy Manure

Nutrient and Fertilizer Value of Dairy Manure Agriculture and Natural Resources FSA4017 Nutrient and Fertilizer Value of Dairy Manure Jodie A. Pennington Professor - Dairy and Goats Karl VanDevender Professor - Waste Management John A. Jennings Professor

More information

Comparison of Weed Management Strategies with Roundup Ready Corn. J. A. Ferrell and W. W. Witt

Comparison of Weed Management Strategies with Roundup Ready Corn. J. A. Ferrell and W. W. Witt Comparison of Weed Management Strategies with Roundup Ready Corn. J. A. Ferrell and W. W. Witt Introduction Corn weed management during the past several years in Kentucky has centered around two herbicide

More information

R E S T R I C T E D B R E E D I N G A N D R O T A T I O N A L G R A Z I N G

R E S T R I C T E D B R E E D I N G A N D R O T A T I O N A L G R A Z I N G R E S T R I C T E D B R E E D I N G A N D R O T A T I O N A L G R A Z I N G J O R G E L U I S S A N C H E Z B R I C E Ñ O H E R M O S I L L O S O N O R A M E X I C O The problem that is always faced in

More information