VNA Basics. VNA Basics Errors and Calibration Examples. Spectrum Analyzer

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "VNA Basics. VNA Basics Errors and Calibration Examples. Spectrum Analyzer"

Transcription

1 2 Spectrum Spectrum 1 Measures S-parameters of a Device Under Test (DUT) For further reading: Agilent application note Network Basics, available at wwwagilentcom Spectrum

2 4 Motivation: Why Measure Amplitude? Transmission: Insertion loss Filter response Amplifier gain and gain compression Isolation Reflection: Input impedance Return loss Voltage Standing Wave Ratio (VSWR) Spectrum 3 Motivation: Why Measure Phase? Error correction Electrical delay φ/ω Group delay φ/ ω Linearity of the network φ/ ω 0 dispersion Material measurements Near-field antenna measurements Spectrum

3 6 Requirements for the transmission of a modulated signal without causing distortions Spectrum 5 Block diagram of a network analyzer Spectrum

4 8 Directional coupler for reflection measurement Spectrum 7 Error Model Spectrum

5 10 Calibration Response (=normalization) simple to perform corrects only for amplitude tracking errors of source or detector Vector requires more standards requires phase measurements accounts for all major systematic errors Spectrum 9 Calibration Standards Spectrum

6 12 Calibrated S21 transmission measurement Spectrum 11 Calibrated S11 reflection measurement Spectrum

7 14 Practical Loss and delay of different cables and waveguides Reflections of different terminations Transmission through a filter Spectrum Coaxial resonator 13 Spectrum Analysis: From Time- to Frequency Domain Spectrum To increase the frequency resolution a longer time series has to be analyzed

8 16 Spectrum Realtime analyzer measures all channels simultaneously best signal-to-noise ratio for given integration time used for remote sensing and radio astronomy Spectrum Swept spectrum analyzer tunable filter moved over the spectrum only one frequency point is measured at a time standard instrument for most measurement tasks 15 Filterbank spectrometer Size, cost and power consumption increase linear with number of channels Acousto Optical Spectrometer (AOS) Bandwidth up to 1 GHz, typically 1-2k channels Digital autocorrelation and FFT spectrometer 1 GHz bandwidth with 16k channels in a small unit Cost effective and rapidly evolving because of the huge marked for digital technology Spectrum

9 18 Acousto Optical Spectrometer (AOS) IF signal is converted to an acoustic wave in a crystal (Bragg-cell), which modulates its refractive index A collimated laser beam is diffracted by the resulting phase grating A linear CCD array detects the image, which represents the IF spectrum Spectrum 17 Digital FFT Spectrometer IF signal is sampled with a fast Analog/Digital Converter (ADC) with sampling rate f s Time record of N samples is Fourier transformed in realtime in a fast FPGA processor The averaged power spectra cover a bandwidth of f s /2 with a frequency resolution of f s /N Spectrum Sampling ADC f s t 0 Samples N 0 Time record T N/f s Time record Window Time records 1 2 n FFT Spectrum display f 0 Lines (N/2) 0 Frequency range (f s /2) f s = Sampling frequency N = Number of sample points n = Number of lines (or bins) (sampling rate) (*powers of 2) = (N/2) + 1 t = 1/f s = Sample time T = Time record length = N x t = 1/ f f = Frequency step = 1/T = f s /N

10 20 LO of a heterodyne receiver is swept over the frequency range of interest Resolution bandwidth (RBW) can be adjusted by changing the IF filter Spectrum 19 Effect of RBW and VBW RBW determines the frequency resolution Smaller RBW reduces the noise floor, but increases sweep time: Spectrum Video Bandwidth (VBW) determines smoothing of the spectrum:

11 Spectrum : Filters and Detectors Digital filters and FFT processing improve speed and channel selectivity at narrow bandwidths Spectrum Different ways to analyze the detector output, depending on the measurement task (eg RMS for noise measurements): 21

Jeff Thomas Tom Holmes Terri Hightower. Learn RF Spectrum Analysis Basics

Jeff Thomas Tom Holmes Terri Hightower. Learn RF Spectrum Analysis Basics Jeff Thomas Tom Holmes Terri Hightower Learn RF Spectrum Analysis Basics Learning Objectives Name the major measurement strengths of a swept-tuned spectrum analyzer Explain the importance of frequency

More information

Jeff Thomas Tom Holmes Terri Hightower. Learn RF Spectrum Analysis Basics

Jeff Thomas Tom Holmes Terri Hightower. Learn RF Spectrum Analysis Basics Jeff Thomas Tom Holmes Terri Hightower Learn RF Spectrum Analysis Basics Agenda Overview: Spectrum analysis and its measurements Theory of Operation: Spectrum analyzer hardware Frequency Specifications

More information

RF Network Analyzer Basics

RF Network Analyzer Basics RF Network Analyzer Basics A tutorial, information and overview about the basics of the RF Network Analyzer. What is a Network Analyzer and how to use them, to include the Scalar Network Analyzer (SNA),

More information

Michael Hiebel. Fundamentals of Vector Network Analysis

Michael Hiebel. Fundamentals of Vector Network Analysis Michael Hiebel Fundamentals of Vector Network Analysis TABIH OF CONTENTS Table of contents 1 Introduction 12 1.1 What is a network analyzer? 12 1.2 Wave quantities and S-parameters 13 1.3 Why vector network

More information

Spectrum Analyzers And Network Analyzers. The Whats, Whys and Hows...

Spectrum Analyzers And Network Analyzers. The Whats, Whys and Hows... Spectrum Analyzers And Network Analyzers The Whats, Whys and Hows... Bertrand Zauhar, VE2ZAZ ve2zaz@amsat.org June 2010 Today's Program Definitions of Spectrum and Network Analyzers, Differences between

More information

MEASUREMENT UNCERTAINTY IN VECTOR NETWORK ANALYZER

MEASUREMENT UNCERTAINTY IN VECTOR NETWORK ANALYZER MEASUREMENT UNCERTAINTY IN VECTOR NETWORK ANALYZER W. Li, J. Vandewege Department of Information Technology (INTEC) University of Gent, St.Pietersnieuwstaat 41, B-9000, Gent, Belgium Abstract: Precision

More information

Spectrum Analyzers vs. Monitoring Receivers. Paul Denisowski, Application Engineer Rohde & Schwarz

Spectrum Analyzers vs. Monitoring Receivers. Paul Denisowski, Application Engineer Rohde & Schwarz Spectrum Analyzers vs. Monitoring Receivers Paul Denisowski, Application Engineer Rohde & Schwarz Spectrum Management Requirements What signals are present at which frequencies? Additional responsibilities

More information

RF Measurements Using a Modular Digitizer

RF Measurements Using a Modular Digitizer RF Measurements Using a Modular Digitizer Modern modular digitizers, like the Spectrum M4i series PCIe digitizers, offer greater bandwidth and higher resolution at any given bandwidth than ever before.

More information

Agilent AN 1316 Optimizing Spectrum Analyzer Amplitude Accuracy

Agilent AN 1316 Optimizing Spectrum Analyzer Amplitude Accuracy Agilent AN 1316 Optimizing Spectrum Analyzer Amplitude Accuracy Application Note RF & Microwave Spectrum Analyzers Table of Contents 3 3 4 4 5 7 8 8 13 13 14 16 16 Introduction Absolute versus relative

More information

Optimizing IP3 and ACPR Measurements

Optimizing IP3 and ACPR Measurements Optimizing IP3 and ACPR Measurements Table of Contents 1. Overview... 2 2. Theory of Intermodulation Distortion... 2 3. Optimizing IP3 Measurements... 4 4. Theory of Adjacent Channel Power Ratio... 9 5.

More information

Agilent Network, Spectrum, and Impedance Evaluation of Electronic Circuits and Components

Agilent Network, Spectrum, and Impedance Evaluation of Electronic Circuits and Components Agilent Network, Spectrum, and Impedance Evaluation of Electronic Circuits and Components Application Note 1308-1 Agilent 4395A/Agilent 4396B Network/Spectrum/Impedance Analyzer Introduction With the current

More information

Electronic Communications Committee (ECC) within the European Conference of Postal and Telecommunications Administrations (CEPT)

Electronic Communications Committee (ECC) within the European Conference of Postal and Telecommunications Administrations (CEPT) Page 1 Electronic Communications Committee (ECC) within the European Conference of Postal and Telecommunications Administrations (CEPT) ECC RECOMMENDATION (06)01 Bandwidth measurements using FFT techniques

More information

1. The Slotted Line. ECE 584 Microwave Engineering Laboratory Experiments. Introduction:

1. The Slotted Line. ECE 584 Microwave Engineering Laboratory Experiments. Introduction: ECE 584 Microwave Engineering Laboratory Experiments 1. The Slotted Line Introduction: In this experiment we will use a waveguide slotted line to study the basic behavior of standing waves and to measure

More information

MATRIX TECHNICAL NOTES

MATRIX TECHNICAL NOTES 200 WOOD AVENUE, MIDDLESEX, NJ 08846 PHONE (732) 469-9510 FAX (732) 469-0418 MATRIX TECHNICAL NOTES MTN-107 TEST SETUP FOR THE MEASUREMENT OF X-MOD, CTB, AND CSO USING A MEAN SQUARE CIRCUIT AS A DETECTOR

More information

Impedance 50 (75 connectors via adapters)

Impedance 50 (75 connectors via adapters) VECTOR NETWORK ANALYZER PLANAR TR1300/1 DATA SHEET Frequency range: 300 khz to 1.3 GHz Measured parameters: S11, S21 Dynamic range of transmission measurement magnitude: 130 db Measurement time per point:

More information

Experiment 7: Familiarization with the Network Analyzer

Experiment 7: Familiarization with the Network Analyzer Experiment 7: Familiarization with the Network Analyzer Measurements to characterize networks at high frequencies (RF and microwave frequencies) are usually done in terms of scattering parameters (S parameters).

More information

Engineering Sciences 151. Electromagnetic Communication Laboratory Assignment 3 Fall Term 1998-99

Engineering Sciences 151. Electromagnetic Communication Laboratory Assignment 3 Fall Term 1998-99 Engineering Sciences 151 Electromagnetic Communication Laboratory Assignment 3 Fall Term 1998-99 WAVE PROPAGATION II: HIGH FREQUENCY SLOTTED LINE AND REFLECTOMETER MEASUREMENTS OBJECTIVES: To build greater

More information

Network Analyzer Operation

Network Analyzer Operation Network Analyzer Operation 2004 ITTC Summer Lecture Series John Paden Purposes of a Network Analyzer Network analyzers are not about computer networks! Purposes of a Network Analyzer Measures S-parameters

More information

Keysight Technologies 8 Hints for Better Spectrum Analysis. Application Note

Keysight Technologies 8 Hints for Better Spectrum Analysis. Application Note Keysight Technologies 8 Hints for Better Spectrum Analysis Application Note The Spectrum Analyzer The spectrum analyzer, like an oscilloscope, is a basic tool used for observing signals. Where the oscilloscope

More information

DSA800 Series Spectrum Analyzer

DSA800 Series Spectrum Analyzer DSA800 Series Spectrum Analyzer Configuration Guide This guide is used to help users to configure DSA800 series spectrum analyzer according to their requirements. You can get an overall understanding of

More information

ECE 435 INTRODUCTION TO THE MICROWAVE NETWORK ANALYZER

ECE 435 INTRODUCTION TO THE MICROWAVE NETWORK ANALYZER ECE 435 INTRODUCTION TO THE MICROWAVE NETWORK ANALYZER Latest revision: October 1999 Introduction A vector network analyzer (VNA) is a device capable of measuring both the magnitude and phase of a sinusoidal

More information

Performing Amplifier Measurements with the Vector Network Analyzer ZVB

Performing Amplifier Measurements with the Vector Network Analyzer ZVB Product: Vector Network Analyzer R&S ZVB Performing Amplifier Measurements with the Vector Network Analyzer ZVB Application Note This document describes typical measurements that are required to be made

More information

Maximizing Receiver Dynamic Range for Spectrum Monitoring

Maximizing Receiver Dynamic Range for Spectrum Monitoring Home Maximizing Receiver Dynamic Range for Spectrum Monitoring Brian Avenell, National Instruments Corp., Austin, TX October 15, 2012 As consumers continue to demand more data wirelessly through mobile

More information

Agilent AN 1315 Optimizing RF and Microwave Spectrum Analyzer Dynamic Range. Application Note

Agilent AN 1315 Optimizing RF and Microwave Spectrum Analyzer Dynamic Range. Application Note Agilent AN 1315 Optimizing RF and Microwave Spectrum Analyzer Dynamic Range Application Note Table of Contents 3 3 3 4 4 4 5 6 7 7 7 7 9 10 10 11 11 12 12 13 13 14 15 1. Introduction What is dynamic range?

More information

Spectrum Analyzer Basics www. agilent.com/find/backtobasics

Spectrum Analyzer Basics www. agilent.com/find/backtobasics www. agilent.com/find/backtobasics Abstract Learn why spectrum analysis is important for a variety of applications and how to measure system and device performance using a spectrum analyzer. To introduce

More information

0HDVXULQJWKHHOHFWULFDOSHUIRUPDQFH FKDUDFWHULVWLFVRI5),)DQGPLFURZDYHVLJQDO SURFHVVLQJFRPSRQHQWV

0HDVXULQJWKHHOHFWULFDOSHUIRUPDQFH FKDUDFWHULVWLFVRI5),)DQGPLFURZDYHVLJQDO SURFHVVLQJFRPSRQHQWV 0HDVXULQJWKHHOHFWULFDOSHUIRUPDQFH FKDUDFWHULVWLFVRI5),)DQGPLFURZDYHVLJQDO SURFHVVLQJFRPSRQHQWV The treatment given here is introductory, and will assist the reader who wishes to consult the standard texts

More information

iva Cable & Antenna Analyzer

iva Cable & Antenna Analyzer iva Cable & Antenna Analyzer VSWR, Return Loss Measurement & Distance to Fault The iva Series Cable & Antenna Analyzer is an exciting new product from Kaelus that enables users to accurately measure VSWR/return

More information

Application Note Noise Frequently Asked Questions

Application Note Noise Frequently Asked Questions : What is? is a random signal inherent in all physical components. It directly limits the detection and processing of all information. The common form of noise is white Gaussian due to the many random

More information

Microwave signal generators

Microwave signal generators Course on Microwave Measurements Microwave signal generators Prof. Luca Perregrini Dept. of Electrical, Computer and Biomedical Engineering University of Pavia e-mail: luca.perregrini@unipv.it web: microwave.unipv.it

More information

The N2PK Vector Network Analyzer (N2PK VNA) Original by Paul Kiciak, N2PK, 2007 * (*Pages edited or added by VE7WRS, 2009)

The N2PK Vector Network Analyzer (N2PK VNA) Original by Paul Kiciak, N2PK, 2007 * (*Pages edited or added by VE7WRS, 2009) The N2PK Vector Network Analyzer (N2PK VNA) Original by Paul Kiciak, N2PK, 2007 * (*Pages edited or added by VE7WRS, 2009) What Does Vector Mean?! Vector: magnitude & direction (angle) 01/22/07 N2PK *

More information

Antenna Selection for Optimum Wireless LAN Performance

Antenna Selection for Optimum Wireless LAN Performance Antenna Selection for Optimum Wireless LAN Performance Dr. Steven R. Best Cushcraft Corporation 48 Perimeter Road Manchester, NH 03108 (603) 627-7877 PURPOSE Overview of antenna properties and performance

More information

Conquering Noise for Accurate RF and Microwave Signal Measurements. Presented by: Ernie Jackson

Conquering Noise for Accurate RF and Microwave Signal Measurements. Presented by: Ernie Jackson Conquering Noise for Accurate RF and Microwave Signal Measurements Presented by: Ernie Jackson The Noise Presentation Review of Basics, Some Advanced & Newer Approaches Noise in Signal Measurements-Summary

More information

The Effective Number of Bits (ENOB) of my R&S Digital Oscilloscope Technical Paper

The Effective Number of Bits (ENOB) of my R&S Digital Oscilloscope Technical Paper The Effective Number of Bits (ENOB) of my R&S Digital Oscilloscope Technical Paper Products: R&S RTO1012 R&S RTO1014 R&S RTO1022 R&S RTO1024 This technical paper provides an introduction to the signal

More information

Interferometric Dispersion Measurements

Interferometric Dispersion Measurements Application Note 2004-022A Interferometric Dispersion Measurements Overview This application note describes how the dbm 2355 Dispersion Measurement Module operates. Summary There are two primary methods

More information

INTRODUCTION TO COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS AND TRANSMISSION MEDIA

INTRODUCTION TO COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS AND TRANSMISSION MEDIA COMM.ENG INTRODUCTION TO COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS AND TRANSMISSION MEDIA 9/6/2014 LECTURES 1 Objectives To give a background on Communication system components and channels (media) A distinction between analogue

More information

R&S FSW signal and spectrum analyzer: best in class now up to 50 GHz

R&S FSW signal and spectrum analyzer: best in class now up to 50 GHz R&S FSW signal and spectrum analyzer: best in class now up to 50 GHz The new R&S FSW 43 and R&S FSW 50 signal and spectrum analyzers make the outstanding features of the R&S FSW family available now also

More information

Preview of Period 3: Electromagnetic Waves Radiant Energy II

Preview of Period 3: Electromagnetic Waves Radiant Energy II Preview of Period 3: Electromagnetic Waves Radiant Energy II 3.1 Radiant Energy from the Sun How is light reflected and transmitted? What is polarized light? 3.2 Energy Transfer with Radiant Energy How

More information

A Comparison of Analog and Digital Oscilloscopes

A Comparison of Analog and Digital Oscilloscopes Introduction A Comparison of Analog and Digital Oscilloscopes Bruce C. Gabrielson, PhD Security Engineering services PO Box 550 Chesapeake Beach, MD Modern oscilloscopes, usually referred to by engineers

More information

Insertion Phase Errors in long lengths of coaxial cable assemblies

Insertion Phase Errors in long lengths of coaxial cable assemblies Insertion Phase Errors in long lengths of coaxial cable assemblies In this section, we will discuss the steps necessary to correct for insertion phase error as part of the calibration procedure for Vector

More information

A Guide to Calibrating Your Spectrum Analyzer

A Guide to Calibrating Your Spectrum Analyzer A Guide to Calibrating Your Application Note Introduction As a technician or engineer who works with electronics, you rely on your spectrum analyzer to verify that the devices you design, manufacture,

More information

Evaluation of a Microwave Receiver Based on a Track and Hold Amplifier

Evaluation of a Microwave Receiver Based on a Track and Hold Amplifier REL MQP 4711 Evaluation of a Microwave Receiver Based on a Track and Hold Amplifier A Major Qualifying Project Report Submitted to the Faculty of the WORCESTER POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTE in partial fulfillment

More information

AN1200.04. Application Note: FCC Regulations for ISM Band Devices: 902-928 MHz. FCC Regulations for ISM Band Devices: 902-928 MHz

AN1200.04. Application Note: FCC Regulations for ISM Band Devices: 902-928 MHz. FCC Regulations for ISM Band Devices: 902-928 MHz AN1200.04 Application Note: FCC Regulations for ISM Band Devices: Copyright Semtech 2006 1 of 15 www.semtech.com 1 Table of Contents 1 Table of Contents...2 1.1 Index of Figures...2 1.2 Index of Tables...2

More information

FTIR Instrumentation

FTIR Instrumentation FTIR Instrumentation Adopted from the FTIR lab instruction by H.-N. Hsieh, New Jersey Institute of Technology: http://www-ec.njit.edu/~hsieh/ene669/ftir.html 1. IR Instrumentation Two types of instrumentation

More information

Improve EMC Compliance Testing Throughput with Time Domain Scanning. Daniel Bockstal Keysight Technologies Belgium

Improve EMC Compliance Testing Throughput with Time Domain Scanning. Daniel Bockstal Keysight Technologies Belgium Improve EMC Compliance Testing Throughput with Time Domain Scanning Daniel Bockstal Keysight Technologies Belgium Agenda Introduction/Overview What Is Time Domain Scanning Benefits of Time Domain Scanning

More information

Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering Ben-Gurion University of the Negev. LAB 1 - Introduction to USRP

Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering Ben-Gurion University of the Negev. LAB 1 - Introduction to USRP Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering Ben-Gurion University of the Negev LAB 1 - Introduction to USRP - 1-1 Introduction In this lab you will use software reconfigurable RF hardware from National

More information

F = S i /N i S o /N o

F = S i /N i S o /N o Noise figure Many receiver manufacturers specify the performance of their receivers in terms of noise figure, rather than sensitivity. As we shall see, the two can be equated. A spectrum analyzer is a

More information

Agilent 8720 Family Microwave Vector Network Analyzers

Agilent 8720 Family Microwave Vector Network Analyzers Agilent 8720 Family Microwave Vector Network Analyzers Product Overview High-Performance Solutions for Your Measurement Challenges Now more choices for solving your measurement challenges What's new in

More information

Agilent PN 8753-1 RF Component Measurements: Amplifier Measurements Using the Agilent 8753 Network Analyzer. Product Note

Agilent PN 8753-1 RF Component Measurements: Amplifier Measurements Using the Agilent 8753 Network Analyzer. Product Note Agilent PN 8753-1 RF Component Measurements: Amplifier Measurements Using the Agilent 8753 Network Analyzer Product Note 2 3 4 4 4 4 6 7 8 8 10 10 11 12 12 12 13 15 15 Introduction Table of contents Introduction

More information

A Network Analyzer For Active Components

A Network Analyzer For Active Components A Network Analyzer For Active Components EEEfCom 29-30 Juni ULM Marc Vanden Bossche, NMDG Engineering Remi Tuijtelaars, BSW Copyright 2005 NMDG Engineering Version 2 Outline Review of S-parameters Theory

More information

ANALYZER BASICS WHAT IS AN FFT SPECTRUM ANALYZER? 2-1

ANALYZER BASICS WHAT IS AN FFT SPECTRUM ANALYZER? 2-1 WHAT IS AN FFT SPECTRUM ANALYZER? ANALYZER BASICS The SR760 FFT Spectrum Analyzer takes a time varying input signal, like you would see on an oscilloscope trace, and computes its frequency spectrum. Fourier's

More information

Differences in Application Between Power Dividers and Power Splitters. Application Note

Differences in Application Between Power Dividers and Power Splitters. Application Note Differences in Application Between Dividers and Splitters Application Note Introduction dividers are an RF microwave accessory constructed with equivalent 50Ω resistance at each port. These accessories

More information

Power Amplifier Gain Compression Measurements

Power Amplifier Gain Compression Measurements Technical Brief Power Amplifier Gain Compression Measurements GPIB Private Bus Sweep Out Sweep In Pulse In AC Mod Out Blank/Marker Out Blanking In Overview The 1 db gain compression of an amplifier describes

More information

Interferometric Measurement of Dispersion in Optical Components

Interferometric Measurement of Dispersion in Optical Components Interferometric Measurement of Dispersion in Optical Components Mark Froggatt, Eric Moore, and Matthew Wolfe Luna Technologies, Incorporated, 293-A Commerce Street, Blacksburg, Virginia 246 froggattm@lunatechnologies.com.

More information

RF Communication System. EE 172 Systems Group Presentation

RF Communication System. EE 172 Systems Group Presentation RF Communication System EE 172 Systems Group Presentation RF System Outline Transmitter Components Receiver Components Noise Figure Link Budget Test Equipment System Success Design Remedy Transmitter Components

More information

Data Transmission. Data Communications Model. CSE 3461 / 5461: Computer Networking & Internet Technologies. Presentation B

Data Transmission. Data Communications Model. CSE 3461 / 5461: Computer Networking & Internet Technologies. Presentation B CSE 3461 / 5461: Computer Networking & Internet Technologies Data Transmission Presentation B Kannan Srinivasan 08/30/2012 Data Communications Model Figure 1.2 Studying Assignment: 3.1-3.4, 4.1 Presentation

More information

Limiting factors in fiber optic transmissions

Limiting factors in fiber optic transmissions Limiting factors in fiber optic transmissions Sergiusz Patela, Dr Sc Room I/48, Th. 13:00-16:20, Fri. 9:20-10:50 sergiusz.patela@pwr.wroc.pl eportal.pwr.wroc.pl Copying and processing permitted for noncommercial

More information

Build Applications Tailored for Remote Signal Monitoring with the Signal Hound BB60C

Build Applications Tailored for Remote Signal Monitoring with the Signal Hound BB60C Application Note Build Applications Tailored for Remote Signal Monitoring with the Signal Hound BB60C By Justin Crooks and Bruce Devine, Signal Hound June 10, 2014 Introduction The Signal Hound BB60C Spectrum

More information

Lecture 1: Communication Circuits

Lecture 1: Communication Circuits EECS 142 Lecture 1: Communication Circuits Prof. Ali M. Niknejad University of California, Berkeley Copyright c 2005 by Ali M. Niknejad A. M. Niknejad University of California, Berkeley EECS 142 Lecture

More information

INTEGRATED ASSEMBLIES TELEDYNE MICROWAVE SOLUTIONS

INTEGRATED ASSEMBLIES TELEDYNE MICROWAVE SOLUTIONS INTEGRATED ASSEMBLIES TELEDYNE MICROWAVE SOLUTIONS INTEGRATED ASSEMBLIES FROM TELEDYNE MICROWAVE SOLUTIONS Teledyne Microwave Solutions (TMS) offers full first-level integration capabilities, providing

More information

Spectrum Analysis Basics. Application Note 150

Spectrum Analysis Basics. Application Note 150 Spectrum Analysis Basics Application Note 150 Agilent Technologies dedicates this application note to Blake Peterson. Blake s outstanding service in technical support reached customers in all corners of

More information

Fibre Bragg Grating Sensors An Introduction to Bragg gratings and interrogation techniques

Fibre Bragg Grating Sensors An Introduction to Bragg gratings and interrogation techniques Fibre Bragg Grating Sensors An ntroduction to Bragg gratings and interrogation techniques Dr Crispin Doyle Senior Applications Engineer, Smart Fibres Ltd. 2003 1) The Fibre Bragg Grating (FBG) There are

More information

Agilent Spectrum Analysis Basics. Application Note 150

Agilent Spectrum Analysis Basics. Application Note 150 Agilent Spectrum Analysis Basics Application Note 150 Table of Contents Chapter 1 Introduction.......................................................4 Frequency domain versus time domain.......................................4

More information

DDX 7000 & 8003. Digital Partial Discharge Detectors FEATURES APPLICATIONS

DDX 7000 & 8003. Digital Partial Discharge Detectors FEATURES APPLICATIONS DDX 7000 & 8003 Digital Partial Discharge Detectors The HAEFELY HIPOTRONICS DDX Digital Partial Discharge Detector offers the high accuracy and flexibility of digital technology, plus the real-time display

More information

National Radio Astronomy Observatory ELECTRONICS DIVISION TECHNICAL NOTE 210

National Radio Astronomy Observatory ELECTRONICS DIVISION TECHNICAL NOTE 210 National Radio Astronomy Observatory ELECTRONICS DIVISION TECHNICAL NOTE 210 Measurements of 2320-2345 MHz Bandstop Filters Fabricated using a High-Temperature Superconductor Roger Norrod Ken Ward Michael

More information

Making Spectrum Measurements with Rohde & Schwarz Network Analyzers

Making Spectrum Measurements with Rohde & Schwarz Network Analyzers Making Spectrum Measurements with Rohde & Schwarz Network Analyzers Application Note Products: R&S ZVA R&S ZVB R&S ZVT R&S ZNB This application note describes how to configure a Rohde & Schwarz Network

More information

Spectrum analyzer with USRP, GNU Radio and MATLAB

Spectrum analyzer with USRP, GNU Radio and MATLAB Spectrum analyzer with USRP, GNU Radio and MATLAB António José Costa, João Lima, Lúcia Antunes, Nuno Borges de Carvalho {antoniocosta, jflima, a30423, nbcarvalho}@ua.pt January 23, 2009 Abstract In this

More information

Making OSNR Measurements In a Modulated DWDM Signal Environment

Making OSNR Measurements In a Modulated DWDM Signal Environment Making OSNR Measurements In a Modulated DWDM Signal Environment Jack Dupre Jim Stimple Making OSNR measurements in a modulated DWDM signal environment May 2001 In a DWDM spectrum, it is desirable to measure

More information

A CMOS UWB Camera with 7x7 Simultaneous Active Pixels

A CMOS UWB Camera with 7x7 Simultaneous Active Pixels 1 A CMOS UWB Camera with 7x7 Simultaneous Active Pixels Ta-Shun Chu and Hossein Hashemi University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 2 Outline Introduction Multi-Beam Architectures for Antenna Array

More information

Cable 101. A Broadband Telecommunications Primer for Non-technical Personnel

Cable 101. A Broadband Telecommunications Primer for Non-technical Personnel Cable 101 KnowledgeLink, Inc. A Broadband Telecommunications Primer for Non-technical Personnel Presented by: Justin J. Junkus President, KnowledgeLink, Inc. November 20, 2013 Agenda Broadband Cable Systems

More information

Introduction to Network Analyzer Measurements

Introduction to Network Analyzer Measurements Introduction to Network Analyzer Measurements Introduction to Network Analyzer Measurements 1 Table of Contents 1. Introduction to Network Analyzer Measurements... 3 VNA Basics...3 Applications for Network

More information

Measurement of Adjacent Channel Leakage Power on 3GPP W-CDMA Signals with the FSP

Measurement of Adjacent Channel Leakage Power on 3GPP W-CDMA Signals with the FSP Products: Spectrum Analyzer FSP Measurement of Adjacent Channel Leakage Power on 3GPP W-CDMA Signals with the FSP This application note explains the concept of Adjacent Channel Leakage Ratio (ACLR) measurement

More information

Network analyzer and spectrum analyzer two in one

Network analyzer and spectrum analyzer two in one R&S ZVL Vector Network Analyzer Network analyzer and spectrum analyzer two in one The R&S ZVL is the lightest and smallest vector network analyzer in its class. On top of this, it can be used as a full-featured

More information

AMPLIFIED HIGH SPEED FIBER PHOTODETECTOR USER S GUIDE

AMPLIFIED HIGH SPEED FIBER PHOTODETECTOR USER S GUIDE AMPLIFIED HIGH SPEED FIBER PHOTODETECTOR USER S GUIDE Thank you for purchasing your Amplified High Speed Fiber Photodetector. This user s guide will help answer any questions you may have regarding the

More information

Optimizing VCO PLL Evaluations & PLL Synthesizer Designs

Optimizing VCO PLL Evaluations & PLL Synthesizer Designs Optimizing VCO PLL Evaluations & PLL Synthesizer Designs Today s mobile communications systems demand higher communication quality, higher data rates, higher operation, and more channels per unit bandwidth.

More information

A remote diagnostics system for the MERLIN array. D. Kettle, N.Roddis Jodrell Bank Observatory University of Manchester Macclesfield SK11 9DL

A remote diagnostics system for the MERLIN array. D. Kettle, N.Roddis Jodrell Bank Observatory University of Manchester Macclesfield SK11 9DL A remote diagnostics system for the MERLIN array D. Kettle, N.Roddis Jodrell Bank Observatory University of Manchester Macclesfield SK11 9DL 1. Introduction Jodrell Bank Observatory operates an array of

More information

Agilent Spectrum Analysis Basics Application Note 150

Agilent Spectrum Analysis Basics Application Note 150 Agilent Spectrum Analysis Basics Application Note 150 Contents Chapter 1 Introduction...3 What is a spectrum?...3 Why measure spectra?...4 Chapter 2 The superheterodyne spectrum analyzer...6 Tuning equation...8

More information

Lab 9: The Acousto-Optic Effect

Lab 9: The Acousto-Optic Effect Lab 9: The Acousto-Optic Effect Incoming Laser Beam Travelling Acoustic Wave (longitudinal wave) O A 1st order diffracted laser beam A 1 Introduction qb d O 2qb rarefractions compressions Refer to Appendix

More information

AN003. Evaluation of Anechoic Chambers For EMC Measurements Using A CNE. Overview. CNE III 9kHz to 2GHz Conducted and radiated output

AN003. Evaluation of Anechoic Chambers For EMC Measurements Using A CNE. Overview. CNE III 9kHz to 2GHz Conducted and radiated output Evaluation of Anechoic Chambers For EMC Measurements Using A CNE Overview Anechoic chambers are used for EMC testing primarily for radiated emissions (RE) and radiated immunity (RI) in the frequency range

More information

Email: tjohn@mail.nplindia.ernet.in

Email: tjohn@mail.nplindia.ernet.in USE OF VIRTUAL INSTRUMENTS IN RADIO AND ATMOSPHERIC EXPERIMENTS P.N. VIJAYAKUMAR, THOMAS JOHN AND S.C. GARG RADIO AND ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCE DIVISION, NATIONAL PHYSICAL LABORATORY, NEW DELHI 110012, INDIA

More information

Team 8 Michael Price Brandon Briegel Jerrod Kempf Matt Henry Arber Nicaj. RF Communication

Team 8 Michael Price Brandon Briegel Jerrod Kempf Matt Henry Arber Nicaj. RF Communication Team 8 Michael Price Brandon Briegel Jerrod Kempf Matt Henry Arber Nicaj RF Communication Discussion Topics Electromagnetic Spectrum Hardware Modulation/Demodulation Noise Bluetooth Introduction What is

More information

Automatic compression measurement using network analyzers

Automatic compression measurement using network analyzers Automatic compression measurement using network analyzers Introduction The dynamic range of an amplifier is determined by noise figure and compression. In multi carrier applications third order intercept

More information

The Embedded Method of Optoelectronics in Electrical Engineering Curriculums

The Embedded Method of Optoelectronics in Electrical Engineering Curriculums The Embedded Method of Optoelectronics in Electrical Engineering Curriculums by Alexander D. Poularikas Electrical and Computer Engineering University ofalabama in Huntsville, Huntsville AL, 35899 ABSTRACT:

More information

Amplification Atomic (or molecular, or semiconductor) system has energy levels Some higher energy states are stable for a short time (ps to ms)

Amplification Atomic (or molecular, or semiconductor) system has energy levels Some higher energy states are stable for a short time (ps to ms) Part 5: Lasers Amplification Atomic (or molecular, or semiconductor) system has energy levels Some higher energy states are stable for a short time (ps to ms) Incident photon can trigger emission of an

More information

iva Cable & Antenna Analyzer

iva Cable & Antenna Analyzer iva Cable & Antenna Analyzer VSWR, Return Loss Measurement & Distance to Fault The iva Series Cable & Antenna Analyzer is an exciting new product from Kaelus that enables users to accurately measure VSWR/return

More information

RF and Microwave Accessories. CD-ROM Catalog. Find the right component for your Rohde & Schwarz test & measurement equipment

RF and Microwave Accessories. CD-ROM Catalog. Find the right component for your Rohde & Schwarz test & measurement equipment RF and Microwave Accessories CD-ROM Catalog Find the right component for your Rohde & Schwarz test & measurement equipment Product group Typical applications Adapters Interchanging of various connector

More information

The front end of the receiver performs the frequency translation, channel selection and amplification of the signal.

The front end of the receiver performs the frequency translation, channel selection and amplification of the signal. Many receivers must be capable of handling a very wide range of signal powers at the input while still producing the correct output. This must be done in the presence of noise and interference which occasionally

More information

SR2000 FREQUENCY MONITOR

SR2000 FREQUENCY MONITOR SR2000 FREQUENCY MONITOR THE FFT SEARCH FUNCTION IN DETAILS FFT Search is a signal search using FFT (Fast Fourier Transform) technology. The FFT search function first appeared with the SR2000 Frequency

More information

RECOMMENDATION ITU-R SM.1792. Measuring sideband emissions of T-DAB and DVB-T transmitters for monitoring purposes

RECOMMENDATION ITU-R SM.1792. Measuring sideband emissions of T-DAB and DVB-T transmitters for monitoring purposes Rec. ITU-R SM.1792 1 RECOMMENDATION ITU-R SM.1792 Measuring sideband emissions of T-DAB and DVB-T transmitters for monitoring purposes (2007) Scope This Recommendation provides guidance to measurement

More information

Propagation Channel Emulator ECP_V3

Propagation Channel Emulator ECP_V3 Navigation simulators Propagation Channel Emulator ECP_V3 1 Product Description The ECP (Propagation Channel Emulator V3) synthesizes the principal phenomena of propagation occurring on RF signal links

More information

Stochastic Cooling in RHIC

Stochastic Cooling in RHIC Stochastic Cooling in RHIC Mike Brennan and Mike Blaskiewicz Brookhaven National Lab Collider-Accelerator Department Particle Accelerator Conference 2009 Vancouver, Canada May 6, 2009 Acknowledgements

More information

Why 64-bit processing?

Why 64-bit processing? Why 64-bit processing? The ARTA64 is an experimental version of ARTA that uses a 64-bit floating point data format for Fast Fourier Transform processing (FFT). Normal version of ARTA uses 32-bit floating

More information

Achieving New Levels of Channel Density in Downstream Cable Transmitter Systems: RF DACs Deliver Smaller Size and Lower Power Consumption

Achieving New Levels of Channel Density in Downstream Cable Transmitter Systems: RF DACs Deliver Smaller Size and Lower Power Consumption Achieving New Levels of Channel Density in Downstream Cable Transmitter Systems: RF DACs Deliver Smaller Size and Lower Power Consumption Introduction By: Analog Devices, Inc. (ADI) Daniel E. Fague, Applications

More information

Keysight Technical Training Catalog

Keysight Technical Training Catalog Keysight Technical Training Catalog Keysight provides a comprehensive portfolio of technical training courses that allow you to achieve the technical proficiency necessary to optimize the effectiveness

More information

Using Spectrum Analyzers For Signal Monitoring

Using Spectrum Analyzers For Signal Monitoring Using Spectrum Analyzers For Signal Monitoring Presented by: 3 March 004 1 1 At the completion of this module you will have an understanding of how commercially available spectrum analyzers can be used

More information

ELEMENTS OF CABLE TELEVISION

ELEMENTS OF CABLE TELEVISION 1 ELEMENTS OF CABLE TELEVISION Introduction Cable television, from its inception, developed in western countries into two separate systems called Master Antenna Television (MATV) and Community Cable Television

More information

Agilent 86038B Photonic Dispersion and Loss Analyzer Fast and Accurate Spectral Analysis

Agilent 86038B Photonic Dispersion and Loss Analyzer Fast and Accurate Spectral Analysis Agilent 86038B Photonic Dispersion and Loss Analyzer Fast and Accurate Spectral Analysis Technical Specifications January 2007 Simultaneous measurements of: Group Delay (GD), Optical Phase, Chromatic Dispersion

More information

RAPID PROTOTYPING FOR RF-TRANSMITTERS AND RECEIVERS

RAPID PROTOTYPING FOR RF-TRANSMITTERS AND RECEIVERS RAPID PROTOTYPING FOR -TRANSMITTERS AND RECEIVERS Robert Langwieser email: robert.langwieser@nt.tuwien.ac.at Michael Fischer email: michael.fischer@nt.tuwien.ac.at Arpad L. Scholtz email: arpad.scholtz@tuwien.ac.at

More information

SIGNAL GENERATORS and OSCILLOSCOPE CALIBRATION

SIGNAL GENERATORS and OSCILLOSCOPE CALIBRATION 1 SIGNAL GENERATORS and OSCILLOSCOPE CALIBRATION By Lannes S. Purnell FLUKE CORPORATION 2 This paper shows how standard signal generators can be used as leveled sine wave sources for calibrating oscilloscopes.

More information

Projects. Objective To gain hands-on design and measurement experience with real-world applications. Contents

Projects. Objective To gain hands-on design and measurement experience with real-world applications. Contents Projects Contents 9-1 INTRODUCTION...................... 43 9-2 PROJECTS......................... 43 9-2.1 Alarm Radar Sensor................ 43 9-2.2 Microwave FM Communication Link....... 46 9-2.3 Optical

More information

Agilent Creating Multi-tone Signals With the N7509A Waveform Generation Toolbox. Application Note

Agilent Creating Multi-tone Signals With the N7509A Waveform Generation Toolbox. Application Note Agilent Creating Multi-tone Signals With the N7509A Waveform Generation Toolbox Application Note Introduction Of all the signal engines in the N7509A, the most complex is the multi-tone engine. This application

More information