Classics 110 Summer 2015 Mid-Term #1

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1 Classics 110 Summer 2015 Mid-Term #1

2 Questions will appear on the screen. When you answer all of the questions visible, raise your hand and I will advance the slide. Mark your answers on the sheet provided. For the multiple choice simply circle the correct letter. For the short answer, write your answer on the line.

3 1. Most of the peoples of Eurasia are descendants of the Second Exodus from Africa, which occurred roughly A. 100,000 years BP B. 50,000 years BP C. 25,000 years BP D. 10,000 years BP 2. Humans began to domesticate plants and animals in between 12,000 and 10,000 BC in a period referred to as the Revolution. Neolithic 3. The horseshoe shaped area from the Nile to the Tigris Rivers is called The Fertile Crescent 4. What was the first domesticated animal? A. Cattle B. Chickens C. Dogs D. Goats 5. People likely settled between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers and the Nile Delta because most of the indigenous varieties of Cereal are found there.

4 6. Some of the earliest cities include A. Athens, Rome and Paris B. Nineveh, Ecbatana and Susa C. Jericho, Damascus and Sidon D. Cairo, Jerusalem and Carthage 7. The Ubaid Culture of Mesopotamia is dated roughly to A BC B. 10,000 BC C BC D BC 8. What is the opposite of the Occident? The Orient 9. According to the Jean-Louis Hout article, the early Ubaid Culture was A. Mostly agricultural B. Mostly hunter-gatherer C. Mixed agriculture and hunting D. Democratic 10. Hout s thesis is that the Ubaid culture is A. Indo-European B. Older than previously thought C. African D. Younger than previously thought

5 11. Roughly, when did the Sumerians arrive in Mesopotamia? 3500 BC 12. Is he Sumerian Language similar to Semitic, Indo-Eropean or Asiatic? Asiatic 13. What is the name of the Sumerian writing system of wedges and lines? Cuneiform 14. What language type did the Akkadians speak? Semitic 15. Eannatum of Lagash is famous for A. His Law Code B. Conquering Egypt C. The Vulture Stele D. Chariots 16. What is the name of the King of Akkad, credited with the emergence of the Akkadian empire ca BC? Sargon 17. The Cylinder Seal was a way to A. Sign your name B. Lock a door C. Measure land D. Get married

6 18. The second wave of Semitic people who came to dominate the Levant and Syria ca BC are called the A. Amorites B. Phoenicians C. Hittites D. Elamites 19. The first capital of the Assyrians was A. Babylon B. Persia C. Ashur D. Sidon 20. Hammurabi was the king of Babylon 21. In the Proem and Epilogue of the Law Code of Hammurabi, the gods invoked are A. Isis and Osiris B. Zeus and Apollo C. Ishtar and Ahura Mazda D. Bel and Marduk 22. In the Law Code of Hammurabi, one of the evidentiary tests was A. Torture B. Trial by fire C. Trial by water D. Forensics 23. According to the Law Code of Hammurabi, could women divorce? Yes

7 24. In the Law Code of Hammurabi, a man captured in war could be ransomed by A. His community B. The Temple C. The Court D. All of the above 25. The Indo-Europeans arrived in Mesopotamia with what technological advantage? The Chariot 26. The Hittites were a sub-group of A. Indo-Europeans B. Semites C. Egyptians D. Akkadians 27. After 1200 BC, which new branch of the Semitic language became dominant in the Levant? A. Akkadian B. Aramaic C. Greek D. Syrian 28. Phoenicia is the Greek name for the people of the north-central Levant. What does it mean in Greek? Purple Dye 29. Perhaps the most important development attributed to the Phoenicians is the A. Alphabet B. Sail boat C. Wood frame construction D. Silk Road

8 30. What the largest up to that time was destroyed by the Babylonians and Medes in 612 BC? The Assyrian Empire 31. On 28 April, 585 BC, what event occurred that put an end to the Media-Lydian War? An eclipse of the sun 32. Cyrus the Great was the found of what Empire? The Persian Empire 33. In 539 BC, Cyrus the Great defeated Nabunidus and conquered Babylonb 34. How would you describe Cyrus policy towards the conquered peoples? Tolerant 35. Which one of Cyrus sons succeeded him as king of Persia and then invaded Egypt? Cambyses 36. Darius I of Persia inscribed a narrative of his accomplishments on the rock face at Behistun

9 37. Djoser, of the 3rd Dynasty in the Old Kingdom (ca 2700 BC), was the first to build (be specific, this is a two-word answer). Step Pyramid 38. Khafre, of the 4th Dynasty, built the largest Pyramid 39. What did Akhenaten and Nefertiti attempt to introduce to Egypt? Monotheism 40. What is the name of the Aegean Island that could be the origin of the Atlantis legend? It was destroyed by a volcano ca 1600 BC. Thera or Akrotiri 41. A pre-greek civilization flourished on Crete from about 2000 to Arthur Evans called them the Minoans 42. What culture dominated Greece from ca to ca BC? Mycenaean 43. Heinrich Schliemann was an amateur archaeologist who discovered the locations of which two cities? Mycenae and Troy

10 44. While Spiritualism deals with belief, Religion is an institution more defined by Ritual 45. The Greek word muthos, the origin of our word myth, originally meant A story or statement 46. Name two of the Greek gods. 47. What Greek god is the Sky-Father? Zeus 48. What are the start and end dates for the Greek Dark Ages? BC 49. Who was the author of Theogony and Works and Days? Hesiod 50. According to Theogony, what came second after Chaos? Earth

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