Euro IV, Euro V and VI Emissions Regulations for Heavy Duty Vehicle. Information Note

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Euro IV, Euro V and VI Emissions Regulations for Heavy Duty Vehicle. Information Note"

Transcription

1 Euro IV, Euro V and VI Emissions Regulations for Heavy Duty Vehicle Information Note Introduction As a member of the European Union, Ireland is obliged to introduce Directive 2005/55/EC (and its amendments 1 ) and EC Regulation 595/2009 (as amended 2 ) referred to as the heavy duty Euro emissions regulations. The heavy duty emission regulations apply to new passenger and goods vehicles of categories of M and N with a reference mass 3 in excess of 2,610kg. These regulations lay down limit values for emissions of gaseous and particulate pollutants and for the opacity of exhaust fumes from diesel, natural gas and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) engines. Euro IV heavy duty emissions regulations have applied to new vehicles registered in the State since 1/10/2006 and were replaced by Euro V regulations which have applied to new vehicles registered since 1/10/2009. The major difference between the Euro IV and Euro V is the reduction in the emission limits for nitrogen oxides from 3.5 to 2.0 g/kwh. The Euro VI heavy duty emission Regulation sets tougher emission limits than Euro V and lowers limits of several pollutants (CO, THC, NMHC, CH4, NOX, NH3), adopts the worldwide harmonised drive cycles, revises the durability requirements to cover greater distances and include measures relating to access to vehicle repair and maintenance information. 1 implementing Directive 2005/78/EC as amended by 2006/51/EC and 2008/74/EC 2 by EC Regulation 582/ Reference mass means the mass of the vehicle in running order less the uniform mass of the driver of 75kg and increased by a uniform mass of 100kg (refer to Certificate of Conformity point 12.1) 1 September 2016

2 Vehicles equipped with Euro V engines must be registered by 30 th December 2013 and vehicles registered after this date must be Euro VI compliant. In certain conditions, an end of series exemption can be applied for, which if granted, will allow vehicles an extended period of time for registration. Further information on the criteria for applying for an end of series exemption and details as to how you should apply, can be found on our end of series webpage. More detailed implementation dates for each vehicle category are summarised at the end of this document. Objectives of the heavy duty Euro Emissions Regulations Improving the health and welfare of the European population is an important objective for the EU authorities. Euro IV, V and VI heavy duty vehicle emissions regulations set the emissions limits for motor vehicles and their specific objectives are as follows; To set harmonised rules on the construction of motor vehicles. The proper functioning of the single market in the European Union requires common standards limiting the emission of atmospheric pollutants from motor vehicles. Action at Community level prevents varying product standards emerging across Member States which results in fragmentation of the internal market and imposition of unnecessary barriers to intra- Community trade. Also through harmonised standards it is possible to reap the economies of scale as production series can be made for the whole European market. To improve air quality by reducing pollutants emitted from the road transport sector by setting the emission limit values for all vehicle categories with a reference mass in excess of 2,610kg 4. Member States and their citizens are concerned about the impacts of air pollution on human health and the environment. Although air quality has improved over the past decade, there are still significant air quality problems throughout the European Union, especially in urban areas and in densely populated regions. To introduce measures relating to access to vehicle repair and maintenance information. Easy and clear access to information on vehicle repair and maintenance is key to guaranteeing free competition on the vehicle aftermarket. To this end, manufacturers must ensure that independent operators active on the vehicle aftermarket have easy, restriction-free and standardised access to information on the repair and maintenance of vehicles, without discrimination with respect to authorised dealers and repair workshops. 4 Reference mass means the mass of the vehicle in running order less the uniform mass of the driver of 75kg and increased by a uniform mass of 100kg (refer to Certificate of Conformity point 12.1) 2 September 2016

3 Background The Regulations were originally introduced by the Directive 88/77/EEC and have since been subjected to a number of amendments. Given developments in automotive technology, increased demand for road transport and continuing air quality problems, there has been a need to keep standards under review. In 2005, the Directives were re-cast and consolidated by the Directive 2005/55/EC. In 2009, in order to simplify legislation, EC Regulation 595/2009 was introduced repealing and replacing EC Directives 2005/55/EC and 2005/78/EC. The use of an EC Regulation ensures that the technical provisions are directly applicable to manufacturers, approval authorities and technical services and they can be updated in a fast and efficient way. Directive 2005/55/EC introduced durability and On Board Diagnostic (OBD) requirements and set the emission limits for Euro IV and Euro V. In a split-level regulatory approach, the technical requirements pertaining to durability and OBD, including provisions for emission systems that use consumable reagents, have been prescribed in Directive 2005/78/EC. Regulation 595/2009 as amended by Regulation 582/2011 introduced the new Euro VI heavy duty emission limits, the measuring of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, the establishment of numerical limits on particulate emissions, worldwide harmonised drive cycles, revised the durability requirements, access to vehicle repair and maintenance information and incorporates all of the requirements on engine power from EC Directive 80/1269/EEC as amended by 1999/99/EC. The technical requirements of these regulatory acts took effect in three stages, Euro IV emission limits came into effect for new type approvals from 1 st October 2005 (and new registrations from 1 st October 2006), Euro V emission limits applied from 1 st October 2008 for new type approvals (and new registrations from 1 st October 2009) and Euro VI emissions for new type approvals will apply from 31 st December 2012 (and new registrations from 31 st December 2013). 3 September 2016

4 Implications for Irish stakeholders Although there is no indigenous engine manufacturing industry in Ireland, the introduction of the tighter Euro IV, V and VI emission limits will have implications at vehicle registration for a number of sectors such as importers, distributors and converters of commercial vehicles. From the mandatory dates of registration, new vehicles are required to be accompanied by type approval certification to the appropriate levels of Euro emissions standards. There are obligations on vehicle operators and owners to maintain the parts and equipment of their vehicles in good and efficient working order and this includes the emissions control devices and after-treatment systems. Tampering with systems which control the level of emissions, or driving a vehicle without consumable reagent (vehicles fitted with an aftertreatment system) is prohibited. The introduction of the Directives and Regulations will help to ensure the proper functioning of the internal EU market and will guarantee a common level of emissions amongst all vehicles within Europe. They will also facilitate an improvement in air quality, which in turn will improve public health, thus enabling the Government to generate savings in the longer term. Requirements of Regulation 595/2009 as amended by 582/2011 Euro VI Emissions Limits The Euro VI regulations introduce a reduction of 77% in the limit for nitrogen oxides (NOx) and 50% for particulate matter (PM) emissions compared to the Euro V stage limits which entered into force in October (Further information on the limits can be accessed in Annex 1 of Regulation 595/2009). Consumable Reagent (AdBlue) The heavy duty emissions regulations set requirements with regard to the fitment of an aftertreatment system in order to establish standards for pollutant emissions. The current Regulations place an obligation on member states to ensure that manufactures, repairers and operators do not tamper with the after-treatment system. Operators of the vehicles are obliged to ensure that the vehicle must not be driven without a consumable reagent. Penalties for breach of these requirements are set out in the paragraph on penalties that follows. 4 September 2016

5 CO2 Emissions Carbon dioxide (CO2) must be calculated during the emissions tests however no limits on CO2 emissions are specified. Access to Vehicle Repair and Maintenance Information Requirements are introduced to ensure that vehicle manufacturers make information related to their on-board diagnostic systems readily available to independent vehicle repairers. These new requirements are based on those already included in the light duty vehicle Euro5/6 emissions Regulation, (EC) 715/2007. Penalties for breach of these Regulations Penalties for breach of type approval entry into service requirements SI 448 of 2007 European Communities (Mechanically Propelled Vehicle Entry Into service) Regulations 2007 (as last amended by S.I. No. 234 of 2011) requires that new vehicles being presented for first registration to meet with the construction, technical and performance requirements specified in EU type approval directives and regulations, and are accompanied by appropriate certificates of conformity. These regulations mandate that vehicles presented for registration have certificates of conformity to the heavy duty emission regulations referred to in this document from the appropriate dates. A person guilty of an offence under these Regulations is liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding 5,000. As the mandatory dates of compliance have been reached for EC Whole Vehicle Type Approval, the penalties under SI 157 of 2009 European Communities (Road Vehicles Entry into Service) Regulations 2009 will take effect. SI 157 of 2009 replaces SI 448 of 2007 in respect of vehicles with four or more wheels on a staggered basis at various dates up until Under this regulation a person guilty of an offence is liable; i. On summary conviction, to a fine not exceeding 5,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 3 months or both, and ii. On conviction on indictment, to a fine not exceeding 100,000 or imprisonment for a term not exceeding 12 months or both. 5 September 2016

6 Penalties for breach of in-use requirements Vehicles used on Irish roads are required to meet with the Irelands Construction Equipment and Use Regulations S.I. No. 190 of CE&U Regulations, prescribe the requirements for all vehicles and trailers in use in a public place in Ireland. This includes provisions for but not limited to; the brake systems, exhaust systems, mirrors, safety belts and side and rear underrun protection. These Regulations prescribe the requirements as to the construction, equipment and use of vehicles while being used in a public place and the duties of drivers and passengers are also specified. As well as specific provisions for certain aspects of vehicles, the CE&U also has general provisions requiring that a vehicle is maintained in good and efficient working order, that no danger is likely to be caused and that vehicles are maintained such that their level of noise emitted and their emissions does not increase. Should a vehicle and all its parts and equipment not be maintained in good and efficient working order, then the operator or owner could be considered to be in breach of Regulation 34 of SI 190 of With regard to emissions, the regulation specifies that there is a duty of care that a vehicle is maintained in such a way that the health of others is not compromised. Penalties for breach of this regulation is as follows; on summary conviction, first offence a fine not exceeding 1,000. Second offence under same section/subsection a fine not exceeding 2,000. Third or subsequent offence under same section/subsection within 12 consecutive months fine not exceeding 2,000 or imprisonment not exceeding 3 months, or both (ss.11(5) and 102, Road Traffic Act, 1961). The correct functioning of the emissions control systems including the after-treatment system are the basic requirements for fulfilling the established standards for pollutant emissions. Tampering with systems which control the level of emissions or driving a vehicle without consumable reagent, could be considered to be in breach of the aforementioned regulations and subject therefore to the penalties listed. Type Approval and Registration Dates The implementation dates of Euro IV, V and VI for new type approvals and new registrations for vehicle types (with a reference mass exceeding 2,610kg) are summarised below. Reference to the relevant Directive or Regulation should be made for more details. Since 31 st December 2013 heavy duty vehicles with a reference mass in excess of 2,610kg are required to have Euro VI certification in order to be registered. In certain conditions, an end of series exemption can be applied for, which if granted, will allow vehicles an extended period of time for registration. Details of the end of series exemption procedure and application forms can be found on our end of series web page. 6 September 2016

7 New Types of vehicles are required to be manufactured with approval requirements from date Date from when New Registrations must meet approval requirements Euro IV 1/10/2005 1/10/2006 Categories M and N with a reference mass in excess of 2,610kg Euro V 1/10/2008 1/10/2009 Euro VI 31/12/ /12/2013 How to establish whether your vehicle has heavy or light duty emissions certification The light duty or heavy duty emissions type approval number can be found on the EC CoC of an M1, N1, M2 or M3 vehicle under entry Exhaust emissions. For other vehicle types (such as N2 or N3), the number should be printed on official manufacturer documentation (such as Certificate of Conformity from SI 448 of 2007). The tables below have been created to help interrogate emissions type approval numbers in order to establish emissions level compliance. The emissions type approval number will specify the base directive which the approval has been issued under, its amendment and a code which signifies the emissions level. These can be interpreted in order to establish whether the vehicle has heavy or light duty emissions certification and the level of the certification achieved. Light duty emissions certification are often given Arabic numerical such as Euro 5 or Euro 6 while the roman numerals are used when referencing heavy duty emissions. Heavy duty guidance table The number will specify the base directive 2005/55/EC, followed by an amending directive (such as 2005/78/EC or 2006/51 or 2008/74) and will be followed by a character (letter). Alternatively the approval may be to (UN)ECE Regulation 49. This (UN)ECE number will also be followed by a character. The character (letter) contained in the emissions approval number for either EC or (UN)ECE will indicate Euro compliance as set out below: 7 September 2016

8 The table below shows the heavy duty certification and includes the various mandatory dates of registration for various vehicle types: Base Directive / Regulation Followed by a Character Euro Emissions Date from when New Registrations must meet approval requirements 2005/55/EC B IV 1/10/2006 C D V 1/10/2009 E F G H I J K 595/2009 (as amended by 582/2011) A Euro VI Row A of Appendix 9 of Table 1 of EU/582/ /12/2013 B Euro VI 1/9/2015 Row B of Appendix 9 of Table 1 of EU/582/2011 C Euro VI 31/12/2016 Row C of Appendix 9 of Table 1 of EU/582/ September 2016

9 Examples of emissions type approval numbers their emissions compliance; Emissions type approval number e11*2005/55*2005/78b*0003*00 e1*2005/55*2006/51f*0004*02 ECE B ECE49 as last amended by 04 E Comment B signifies Euro IV F signifies Euro V B signifies Euro IV E signifies Euro V 9 September 2016

10 Light duty guidance table The table below shows the light duty certification and includes the various mandatory dates of registration for various vehicle types: Base Directive (Followed by) Character Euro Emissions Vehicle Category and Class Last date of registration M1, M2, N1 Class I 31/12/ /220/EEC* B 4 M1 designed to fulfill 31/12/2011 specific social needs N1 Classes II and III, N2 715/2007 A 5a M, N1 Class I. 31/12/2012 B M1 to fulfill specific social needs (excluding M1G) C M1G to fulfill specific social needs 31/08/2012 D N1 Class II 31/12/2012 E F 5b M, N1 Class I G M1 to fulfill specific social needs (excluding M1G) 31/12/2013 H N1 Class II I J M, N1 Class I 31/08/2015 K M1 to fulfill specific social needs (excluding M1G) L N1 Class II 31/08/2016 M N 6a M, N1 Class I 31/12/2012 O N1 Class II P Q 6b M, N1 Class I 31/12/2013 R N1 Class II S T M, N1 Class I 31/08/2015 U N1 Class II 31/08/2016 V *Note that approvals to (UN)ECE Regulation Row B (or stage 2) are equivalent Euro 4 emissions levels. 10 September 2016

11 Interpretation of various light duty emissions numbers; Example of Emissions type approval number e2*70/220/eec*2003/76/ec (B) 70/220*2006/96B e4*715/2007*692/2008a*0001*00 e1*715/2007*595/2009c*0004*02 ECE83 as last amended by 05 stage 2 (UN)ECE83.05 B Interpretation of Euro emissions level 70/220 followed by letter B signifies Euro 4 compliance 70/220 followed by letter B signifies Euro 4 compliance 715/2007 followed by A signifies Euro 5a compliance 715/2007 followed by C signifies Euro 5a compliance (UN)ECE stage 2 signifies Euro 4 compliance (UN)ECE B approval signifies Euro 4 compliance 11 September 2016

The Introduction of Euro IV and Euro V Emissions Directive for Heavy Vehicles

The Introduction of Euro IV and Euro V Emissions Directive for Heavy Vehicles The Introduction of Euro IV and Euro V Emissions Directive for Heavy Vehicles Introduction As a member of the European Union, Ireland is obliged to introduce Directive 2005/55/EC. Directive 2005/55/EC

More information

The Introduction of Euro 5 and Euro 6 Emissions Regulations for Light Passenger and Commercial Vehicles

The Introduction of Euro 5 and Euro 6 Emissions Regulations for Light Passenger and Commercial Vehicles The Introduction of Euro 5 and Euro 6 Emissions Regulations for Light Passenger and Commercial Vehicles Introduction As a member of the European Union, Ireland is obliged to introduce Regulation (EC) No.

More information

Testing of particulate emissions from positive ignition vehicles with direct fuel injection system. Technical Report 2013-09-26

Testing of particulate emissions from positive ignition vehicles with direct fuel injection system. Technical Report 2013-09-26 Testing of particulate emissions from positive ignition vehicles with direct fuel injection system -09-26 by Felix Köhler Institut für Fahrzeugtechnik und Mobilität Antrieb/Emissionen PKW/Kraftrad On behalf

More information

COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES COMMISSION STAFF WORKING DOCUMENT. Annex to the

COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES COMMISSION STAFF WORKING DOCUMENT. Annex to the COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES Brussels, 21.12.2007 SEC(2007) 1718 COMMISSION STAFF WORKING DOCUMENT Annex to the Proposal for a REGULATION OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL on the

More information

Construction Products Regulation

Construction Products Regulation Construction Products Regulation (305/2011/EU) Engineers Ireland 27 th September 2013 Sarah Neary BE MBA CEng MIEI Senior Adviser Building Standards Environment, Community and Local Government What has

More information

STATUTORY INSTRUMENTS. S.I. No.[ ] of 2014 SMALL PUBLIC SERVICE VEHICLE (CONSOLIDATION AND REFORM) REGULATIONS 2014

STATUTORY INSTRUMENTS. S.I. No.[ ] of 2014 SMALL PUBLIC SERVICE VEHICLE (CONSOLIDATION AND REFORM) REGULATIONS 2014 STATUTORY INSTRUMENTS S.I. No.[ ] of 2014 SMALL PUBLIC SERVICE VEHICLE (CONSOLIDATION AND REFORM) REGULATIONS 2014 SMALL PUBLIC SERVICE VEHICLE (CONSOLIDATION AND REFORM) REGULATIONS 2014 ARRANGEMENT OF

More information

England and Wales. Mark Kendall Jason McNerlin Sedgwick, Detert, Moran & Arnold LLP. 1. Product safety regulation

England and Wales. Mark Kendall Jason McNerlin Sedgwick, Detert, Moran & Arnold LLP. 1. Product safety regulation Mark Kendall Jason McNerlin Sedgwick, Detert, Moran & Arnold LLP 1. Product safety regulation 1.1 Regulatory framework an overview Product safety is highly regulated, and various regulatory techniques

More information

A. European Social Regulations

A. European Social Regulations (ECR/ed (2005) 3) Euro Controle Route - Offence Codes - Fining Goal of the document : - Look for differences and similarities between sanctions - Bring the findings under attention of the Commission -

More information

Emission standards for light and heavy road vehicles

Emission standards for light and heavy road vehicles Emission standards for light and heavy road vehicles Introduction Between 1990 and 2009, greenhouse gas emissions from road traffic within the EU increased by 27 per cent, rising from 12 to 17 per cent

More information

Best Practice Principles for environmental claims in automotive marketing to consumers

Best Practice Principles for environmental claims in automotive marketing to consumers Best Practice Principles for environmental claims in automotive marketing to consumers Jointly endorsed by LowCVP, SMMT and ISBA Background and Scope These Best Practice Principles ( the Principles ) have

More information

An overview of Euro VI for trucks over 3.5t. Brought to you by Mercedes-Benz

An overview of Euro VI for trucks over 3.5t. Brought to you by Mercedes-Benz An overview of Euro VI for trucks over 3.5t Brought to you by Mercedes-Benz Contents What is Euro VI? What is Euro VI? 01 What s different about Euro VI? 02 When do you need to think about it? 03 How is

More information

Exhaust emissions from vehicles with Euro 6/VI technology

Exhaust emissions from vehicles with Euro 6/VI technology Summary: Exhaust emissions from vehicles with Euro 6/VI technology TØI Report 1259/2013 Authors: Rolf Hagman and Astrid H. Amundsen Oslo 2013, 46 pages Norwegian language In several major Norwegian cities

More information

E/ECE/324/Rev.1/Add.82/Rev.4/Amend.3 E/ECE/TRANS/505/Rev.1/Add.82/Rev.4/Amend.3

E/ECE/324/Rev.1/Add.82/Rev.4/Amend.3 E/ECE/TRANS/505/Rev.1/Add.82/Rev.4/Amend.3 6 August 2013 Agreement Concerning the Adoption of Uniform Technical Prescriptions for Wheeled Vehicles, Equipment and Parts which can be Fitted and/or be Used on Wheeled Vehicles and the Conditions for

More information

Environmental Policies in Thailand and their Effects

Environmental Policies in Thailand and their Effects Environmental Policies in Thailand and their Effects Viroat SRISURAPANON and Chana WANICHAPUN Department of Civil Engineering, King Mongkut s University of Technology Thonburi Pracha-u-tid Rd., Bangmod,

More information

VEHICLE INSPECTION FOR REDUCING EMISSION

VEHICLE INSPECTION FOR REDUCING EMISSION VEHICLE INSPECTION FOR REDUCING EMISSION Stakeholders Workshop on Air Quality and Transportation Challenges in Nigeria Presented by Prince Segun Obayendo MD/CEO Temple Resources Nig Ltd Content Introduction

More information

ISO TOOLKIT - SAMPLE PAGES ONLY

ISO TOOLKIT - SAMPLE PAGES ONLY ISO 14001 TOOLKIT - SAMPLE PAGES ONLY More information at www.aecos.co.uk STEP-BY-STEP IMPLEMENTATION GUIDE 1. BACKGROUND TO ISO 14001:2004 ISO 14001 is an international standard that sets out how organisations

More information

HEAVY-DUTY ON-ROAD VEHICLE INSPECTION AND MAINTENANCE PROGRAM

HEAVY-DUTY ON-ROAD VEHICLE INSPECTION AND MAINTENANCE PROGRAM HEAVY-DUTY ON-ROAD VEHICLE INSPECTION AND MAINTENANCE PROGRAM I. OBJECTIVE The objective of this study is to develop, evaluate, and assess the cost-effectiveness and economic impacts of alternatives for

More information

Fourth Railway Package proposed by the European Commission

Fourth Railway Package proposed by the European Commission Department of Transport, Tourism and Sport Consultation Paper Fourth Railway Package proposed by the European Commission June 2013 Introduction This consultation paper is issued by the Department of Transport,

More information

Commercial vehicles and CO 2

Commercial vehicles and CO 2 Commercial vehicles and European Automobile Manufacturers Association ACEA position Fuel Efficiency is Market Driven Fuel efficiency is one of the most important competitive factors in developing and selling

More information

Development of Current and Future Diesel After Treatment Systems

Development of Current and Future Diesel After Treatment Systems Development of Current and Future Diesel After Treatment Systems Pakorn Bovonsombat, Byung-Sun Kang, Paul Spurk, Harald Klein, Klaus Ostgathe Degussa Metals Catalysts Cerdec AG Rodenbacher Chaussee 4,

More information

Number 25 of 2010 ROAD TRAFFIC ACT 2010 ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS. PART 1 Preliminary and General

Number 25 of 2010 ROAD TRAFFIC ACT 2010 ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS. PART 1 Preliminary and General Number 25 of 2010 ROAD TRAFFIC ACT 2010 ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS PART 1 Preliminary and General Section 1. Short title, commencement, collective citation and construction. 2. Definitions. 3. Interpretation

More information

A. ATMOSPHERE/AIR POLLUTION. Government focal point(s): DG Environment Responding ministry/office(s): DG Environment

A. ATMOSPHERE/AIR POLLUTION. Government focal point(s): DG Environment Responding ministry/office(s): DG Environment CSD-14 National Reporting Guidelines: Page 7 of 43 A. ATMOSPHERE/AIR POLLUTION Government focal point(s): DG Environment Responding ministry/office(s): DG Environment Introductory Remarks The main air

More information

GAS ENERGY AUSTRALIA S U B M I S S I O N GAS ENERGY AUSTRALIA SUBMISSION RESPONDING TO

GAS ENERGY AUSTRALIA S U B M I S S I O N GAS ENERGY AUSTRALIA SUBMISSION RESPONDING TO GAS ENERGY AUSTRALIA S U B M I S S I O N GAS ENERGY AUSTRALIA SUBMISSION RESPONDING TO THE FEDERAL DEPARTMENT OF INFRASTRUCTURE AND TRANSPORT CONSULTATION PAPER ON THE MOTOR VEHICLE STANDARDS ACT 1989

More information

ITEM FOR FINANCE COMMITTEE

ITEM FOR FINANCE COMMITTEE For discussion on on 13 April 2012 FCR(2012-13)7 ITEM FOR FINANCE COMMITTEE HEAD 44 ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION DEPARTMENT Subhead 700 General non-recurrent New Item One-off subsidy to assist vehicle owners

More information

Estimation of the change in emissions of powered two-wheelers due to new legislation

Estimation of the change in emissions of powered two-wheelers due to new legislation ECTRI FEHRL - FERSI Rome, Italy, June 17-19 2015 Estimation of the change in emissions of powered two-wheelers due to new legislation Federal Highway Research Institute (BASt) Content Content 1. Introduction

More information

DIRECTIVE 2014/32/EU OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL

DIRECTIVE 2014/32/EU OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL 29.3.2014 Official Journal of the European Union L 96/149 DIRECTIVE 2014/32/EU OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 26 February 2014 on the harmonisation of the laws of the Member States relating

More information

Russian Automotive Industry: Governmental Policies and Priorities

Russian Automotive Industry: Governmental Policies and Priorities Ministry of Industry and Trade of the Russian Federation Informal document WP.29-155-39 (155 th WP.29, 15-18 November 2011, agenda item 6) Russian Automotive Industry: Governmental Policies and Priorities

More information

Frequently Asked Questions. Commercial Vehicle Safety Regulation, Vehicle Equipment Regulation, Use of. and Rules of the Road Regulation.

Frequently Asked Questions. Commercial Vehicle Safety Regulation, Vehicle Equipment Regulation, Use of. and Rules of the Road Regulation. Frequently Asked Questions Commercial Vehicle Safety Regulation, Vehicle Equipment Regulation, Use of Highway and Rules of the Road Regulation Implementation July 1, 2009 1. Why are so many changes to

More information

EURO VI. Technologies & Strategies. Relatore: M.Maritati Commercial training

EURO VI. Technologies & Strategies. Relatore: M.Maritati Commercial training EURO VI Technologies & Strategies Relatore: M.Maritati Commercial training Euro VI The entering into force of the new Euro VI normative provides a stimulus for Iveco to update the engine offer pursuing

More information

JCB Fastrac in Heavy Goods Vehicle Applications

JCB Fastrac in Heavy Goods Vehicle Applications JCB Fastrac in Heavy Goods Vehicle Applications Agricultural or General Haulage? Alan Mendelson JCB Consultant Introduction The JCB Fastrac is an instantly recognisable modern agricultural tractor. It

More information

Construction Products Regulation Are you ready?

Construction Products Regulation Are you ready? Construction Products Regulation Are you ready? Sarah Neary BE MBA CEng MIEI Senior Adviser Building Standards Environment, Community and Local Government What s going to change and for who? From July

More information

Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) in Vehicles Directive 95/54/EC in the UK.

Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) in Vehicles Directive 95/54/EC in the UK. Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) in Vehicles Directive 95/54/EC in the UK. Version 4: 09 October 2002 Contents 1. Introduction 2. Who is affected? 3. Which items need to be e-marked under the Automotive

More information

In-service emissions performance of Euro 6/VI vehicles.

In-service emissions performance of Euro 6/VI vehicles. In-service emissions performance of Euro 6/VI vehicles. A summary of testing using London drive cycles. Contents Background... 3 1. The Legislation... 3 2. The change in emissions requirements from Euro

More information

INTERNAL REGULATIONS

INTERNAL REGULATIONS COUNCIL OF BUREAUX CONSEIL DES BUREAUX INTERNAL REGULATIONS Preamble (1) Whereas in 1949 the Working Party on Road Transport of the Inland Transport Committee of the Economic Commission for Europe of the

More information

SUMMARY OF THE IMPACT ASSESSMENT

SUMMARY OF THE IMPACT ASSESSMENT EN EN EN COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES Brussels, SEC(2008) 350/2 COMMISSION STAFF WORKING DOCUMENT accompanying the Proposal for a DIRECTIVE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL facilitating

More information

Guidance on the In Vitro Diagnostic Medical Devices Directive 98/79/EC

Guidance on the In Vitro Diagnostic Medical Devices Directive 98/79/EC Guidance on the In Vitro Diagnostic Medical Devices Directive 98/79/EC August 2013 Contents 1 Introduction...3 2 Scope of the directive...3 2.1 What is an in vitro diagnostic medical device?... 3 2.2 Specimen

More information

(Revision 2, including the amendments which entered into force on 16 October 1995)

(Revision 2, including the amendments which entered into force on 16 October 1995) 4 February 2015 Agreement Concerning the Adoption of Uniform Technical Prescriptions for Wheeled Vehicles, Equipment and Parts which can be Fitted and/or be Used on Wheeled Vehicles and the Conditions

More information

Legal compliance for the transportation of wheelchair users

Legal compliance for the transportation of wheelchair users Seite 1 Legal compliance for the transportation of wheelchair users Policy Document of the roundtable Safe mobility for people with disabilities Friedrichstraße 136 10117 Berlin Tel. +49 30 760095-400

More information

Monitoring CO 2. emissions from new passenger cars in the EU: summary of data for 2012

Monitoring CO 2. emissions from new passenger cars in the EU: summary of data for 2012 Monitoring CO 2 emissions from new passenger cars in the EU: summary of data for 212 Abstract Abstract For the third successive year, the European Environment Agency (EEA) has collected EU Member States'

More information

ATV & Off Road Motorcycle Regulations

ATV & Off Road Motorcycle Regulations ATV & OFF ROAD MOTORCYCLE REGULATIONS PUBLISHED BY AUTHORITY The following Regulations have been made by the Town Council of Happy Valley-Goose Bay under Section 414 (2)(s) of the Municipalities Act, Chapter

More information

PTE/16/29. Place Scrutiny Committee 14 June 2016. Air Quality and Car Emissions. Report of the Head of Planning, Transportation and Environment

PTE/16/29. Place Scrutiny Committee 14 June 2016. Air Quality and Car Emissions. Report of the Head of Planning, Transportation and Environment PTE/16/29 Place Scrutiny Committee 14 June 2016 Air Quality and Car Emissions Report of the Head of Planning, Transportation and Environment 1. Background/Introduction At County Council in December 2015

More information

Cat C9 for Lightweight Heavy Duty Performance

Cat C9 for Lightweight Heavy Duty Performance Cat C9 for Lightweight Heavy Duty Performance ACERT Technology for 2007 285-425 Horsepower Reliability Dealer Repair Frequency statistics show Caterpillar heavy duty engines offer outstanding reliability

More information

Justification for Changing the Diesel Surcharge

Justification for Changing the Diesel Surcharge APPENDIX C Justification for Changing the Diesel Surcharge 1. Introduction 1.1. Concentrations of nitrogen dioxide (NO 2 ) in the Royal Borough exceed national health-based targets and we declared the

More information

Understanding Tier 4 Interim (Stage IIIB) Emissions Regulations. A guide to 2012 emissions regulations and their impact

Understanding Tier 4 Interim (Stage IIIB) Emissions Regulations. A guide to 2012 emissions regulations and their impact Understanding Tier 4 Interim (Stage IIIB) Emissions Regulations A guide to 2012 emissions regulations and their impact Compliance By the mid-1990s, much of the developed world had committed to laws that

More information

LEASE CAR POLICY AND PROCEDURE

LEASE CAR POLICY AND PROCEDURE LEASE CAR POLICY AND PROCEDURE Lease Car Policy & Procedure Page: Page 1 of 16 Recommended by Approved by Executive Management Team Board of Directors Approval date 4 May 2011 Version number 1.4 Review

More information

Trends In Automotive Exhaust Aftertreatment And Their Impact On Future PGM Demand

Trends In Automotive Exhaust Aftertreatment And Their Impact On Future PGM Demand Trends In Automotive Exhaust Aftertreatment And Their Impact On Future PGM Demand Dr. Friedemann Rohr Hongkong, November 12 th, 2012 Agenda Automotive Catalyst Basics Megatrends in Aftertreatment Legislation

More information

REGULATIONS. 5.6.2009 EN Official Journal of the European Union L 140/1

REGULATIONS. 5.6.2009 EN Official Journal of the European Union L 140/1 5.6.2009 EN Official Journal of the European Union L 140/1 I (Acts adopted under the EC Treaty/Euratom Treaty whose publication is obligatory) REGULATIONS REGULATION (EC) No 443/2009 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT

More information

Car Data New access via telematic systems. Maja Berends, ADAC. 12 September 2013 10-13 SEPT 1

Car Data New access via telematic systems. Maja Berends, ADAC. 12 September 2013 10-13 SEPT 1 Car Data New access via telematic systems Maja Berends, ADAC 12 September 2013 10-13 SEPT 1 Access to car data Relevance for Automobile Clubs Ø Consumer protection Consumers free choice Ø Consumer data

More information

E-bike and Pedelec Legislation in the European Union

E-bike and Pedelec Legislation in the European Union E-bike and Pedelec Legislation in the European Union Presentation by Annick Roetynck ETRA Secretary General Pedelec & E-Bike 2001 Global Congress Taipei, April 1, 2001 What is ETRA? n 8 countries n 6,500

More information

TO THE MINISTERIAL COUNCIL OF THE ENERGY COMMUNITY represented by the Presidency and the Vice-Presidency of the Energy Community REASONED REQUEST

TO THE MINISTERIAL COUNCIL OF THE ENERGY COMMUNITY represented by the Presidency and the Vice-Presidency of the Energy Community REASONED REQUEST TO THE MINISTERIAL COUNCIL OF THE ENERGY COMMUNITY represented by the Presidency and the Vice-Presidency of the Energy Community REASONED REQUEST in Case ECS-5/13 Submitted pursuant to Article 90 of the

More information

50ppm Target Date. 10 10 - Since 1 January 2010, only 10 ppm sulfur imported fuels

50ppm Target Date. 10 10 - Since 1 January 2010, only 10 ppm sulfur imported fuels Albania* (since July 2005) 10 10-10ppm legislated in 21 March 2007 with Decision Nr. 147 of the Prime Minister EN 228 and EN 590 adopted, fuel is imported from Italy and Croatia but quality is inconsistent

More information

Provision creating offence. FPNs can be issued against.

Provision creating offence. FPNs can be issued against. Provision creating offence General nature of offence Class of vehicle that FPNs can be issued against. Offences under the Parks Regulation (Amendment) Act 1926 Section 2(1) Breach of parks regulations

More information

SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORT BY IVECO

SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORT BY IVECO Iveco S.p.A. Via Puglia, 35 10156 Torino - Italia www.iveco.com Publication: IST.081412 September 2008 The data contained in this publication are purely indicative and not binding. SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORT

More information

Guidance for Mobile Air Conditioning (MAC) Sectors. Guidance: F Gas and Ozone Regulations Information Sheet MAC 3: Key Obligations

Guidance for Mobile Air Conditioning (MAC) Sectors. Guidance: F Gas and Ozone Regulations Information Sheet MAC 3: Key Obligations Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs Guidance for Mobile Air Conditioning (MAC) Sectors Guidance: F Gas and Ozone Regulations Information Sheet MAC 3: Key Obligations April 2012 Contents

More information

Vehicular Emissions Reduction Programme in Ghana

Vehicular Emissions Reduction Programme in Ghana Vehicular Emissions Reduction Programme in Ghana Presented by ESI NERQUAYE-TETTEH Deputy Director EPA Introduction Presentation Outline Environment Impacts of Road Transport Programmes implemented to assess

More information

The Contribution of Rail in Mitigating Climate Change

The Contribution of Rail in Mitigating Climate Change The Contribution of Rail in Mitigating Climate Change Philippe Citroën Director General, UNIFE PPMC Transport Day Paris, 6 December 2015 Who we are n UNIFE represents the European Rail Supply Industry

More information

Green Fleet Policy Ordinance

Green Fleet Policy Ordinance Green Fleet Policy Ordinance Section 1 Basis for ordinance 1. The total energy bill in for the City and/or County of was $ million and in projected to increase by percent to about $ million by. 2. Public

More information

Using your Minibus legally and safely Church of Scotland Law Department

Using your Minibus legally and safely Church of Scotland Law Department Circular August 2012 Minibus Guidance CoS Law Department Using your Minibus legally and safely Church of Scotland Law Department Why is this guide important? The use of minibuses and other large vehicles

More information

GRRF Meeting 20-24 February 2012. L-category vehicle EU type-approval legislation. Obligatory fitting of advanced brake systems

GRRF Meeting 20-24 February 2012. L-category vehicle EU type-approval legislation. Obligatory fitting of advanced brake systems Informal document No. GRRF-72-09 (72nd GRRF, 20-24 February 2012) GRRF Meeting 20-24 February 2012 L-category vehicle EU type-approval legislation Obligatory fitting of advanced brake systems Enterprise

More information

WWH-OBD The Road Less Traveled. World Wide Harmonization of On-Board Diagnostics

WWH-OBD The Road Less Traveled. World Wide Harmonization of On-Board Diagnostics WWH-OBD The Road Less Traveled World Wide Harmonization of On-Board Diagnostics Greg Potter, Director Automotive Division DG TECHNOLOGIES 23 rd October, 2012 1 1 Agenda Ø Regulatory requirements for an

More information

Legal Profession Amendment (Notification) Regulation 2001

Legal Profession Amendment (Notification) Regulation 2001 New South Wales Legal Profession Amendment (Notification) Regulation 2001 under the Legal Profession Act 1987 Her Excellency the Governor, with the advice of the Executive Council, and on the recommendation

More information

Economic and Social Council

Economic and Social Council UNITED NATIONS E Economic and Social Council Distr. GENERAL ECE/TRANS/WP.29/GRPE/2006/X dd March 2006 Original: ENGLISH ENGLISH AND FRENCH ONLY ECONOMIC COMMISSION FOR EUROPE INLAND TRANSPORT COMMITTEE

More information

PROCESS OF THE GFV HDDF RETROFIT ACTIVITY

PROCESS OF THE GFV HDDF RETROFIT ACTIVITY GFV 34-02 34 TH INFORMAL GROUP ON GASEOUS FUELLED VEHICLES (GFV) MEETING PROCESS OF THE GFV HDDF RETROFIT ACTIVITY André Rijnders Geneva 1 FUNDAMENTALS & PRINCIPLES OF HDDF-RETROFIT OICA (GFV 29-03) Fundamental

More information

EFFECTS &BENEFITS LOW SULPHUR DIESEL

EFFECTS &BENEFITS LOW SULPHUR DIESEL EFFECTS &BENEFITS LOW SULPHUR DIESEL HEALTH BENEFITS Populations Some populations are more sensitive than others as follows: Children Elderly People with Heart and Lung Disease Diabetics High levels of

More information

By-Law Enforcement Officer means the City s By-Law Enforcement Coordinator and any other person appointed for the purpose of enforcing City bylaws.

By-Law Enforcement Officer means the City s By-Law Enforcement Coordinator and any other person appointed for the purpose of enforcing City bylaws. Table of Contents Off-Road Vehicles By-Law... 2 Part 1 Interpretation... 2 1.1 Short Title... 2 1.2 Schedules... 2 1.3 Reference Aids... 2 1.4 Severability... 3 1.5 Definitions... 3 Part 2 General Provisions...

More information

Bristol City Council A Short Report on Air Quality: 2013

Bristol City Council A Short Report on Air Quality: 2013 Bristol City Council A Short Report on Air Quality: 2013 Table of Contents 1 Introduction... 1 1.1 Background Information... 1 1.2 Environmental Situation... 2 1.3 Air Quality and Health... 3 2 Air Quality

More information

A New Framework for the EU EMC Directive

A New Framework for the EU EMC Directive A New Framework for the EU EMC Directive The European Union New Legislative Framework and New EMC Directive Abstract Changes in the European Union legislative process over the past decade have resulted

More information

GAS ENERGY AUSTRALIA S U B M I S S I O N GAS ENERGY AUSTRALIA SUBMISSION RESPONDING TO

GAS ENERGY AUSTRALIA S U B M I S S I O N GAS ENERGY AUSTRALIA SUBMISSION RESPONDING TO GAS ENERGY AUSTRALIA S U B M I S S I O N GAS ENERGY AUSTRALIA SUBMISSION RESPONDING TO THE FEDERAL DEPARTMENT OF INFRASTRUCTURE AND REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT OPTIONS DISCUSSION PAPER ON THE MOTOR VEHICLE STANDARDS

More information

NO 2 emission from the fleet of vehicles in major Norwegian cities Challenges and possibilities towards 2025

NO 2 emission from the fleet of vehicles in major Norwegian cities Challenges and possibilities towards 2025 Summary: NO 2 emission from the fleet of vehicles in major Norwegian cities Challenges and possibilities towards 2025 TØI Report 1168/2011 Author(s): Rolf Hagman, Karl Idar Gjerstad and Astrid H. Amundsen

More information

Emission Facts. The amount of pollution that a vehicle emits and the rate at which

Emission Facts. The amount of pollution that a vehicle emits and the rate at which Average Annual Emissions and Fuel for Gasoline-Fueled Passenger Cars and Light Trucks The amount of pollution that a vehicle emits and the rate at which it consumes fuel are dependent on many factors.

More information

Development of a World-wide Harmonised Heavy-duty Engine Emissions Test Cycle

Development of a World-wide Harmonised Heavy-duty Engine Emissions Test Cycle Informal document No. 1 */ UNITED NATIONS (41st GRPE, 16-18 January 2001, agenda item 1.1.) Development of a World-wide Harmonised Heavy-duty Engine Emissions Test Cycle (Draft) Executive Summary Report

More information

Transport and Another Regulation Amendment Regulation (No. 1) 2012

Transport and Another Regulation Amendment Regulation (No. 1) 2012 Queensland Transport and Another Regulation Amendment Regulation (No. 1) 2012 Explanatory Notes for SL 2012 No. 174 made under the State Penalties Enforcement Act 1999 Transport Operations (Road Use Management)

More information

2009 No. 890 ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION. The Waste Batteries and Accumulators Regulations 2009

2009 No. 890 ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION. The Waste Batteries and Accumulators Regulations 2009 STATUTORY INSTRUMENTS 2009 No. 890 ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION The Waste Batteries and Accumulators Regulations 2009 Made - - - - *** 2009 Laid before Parliament *** 2009 Coming into force in accordance with

More information

March 2014. Air Travel Tax Manual

March 2014. Air Travel Tax Manual Air Travel Tax Manual March 2014 1 Table of Contents 1. Introduction 2. Legislation 3. Application of tax 4. Exemptions 5. Rates of ATT 6. Liability for ATT 7. Registration for ATT 8. Payment 9. Returns

More information

CITY OF TSHWANE METROPOLITAN MUNICIPALITY DRAFT PARKING METER BY-LAWS. 1.1 Act means the National Road Traffic Act, Act No 93 of 1996 as amended;

CITY OF TSHWANE METROPOLITAN MUNICIPALITY DRAFT PARKING METER BY-LAWS. 1.1 Act means the National Road Traffic Act, Act No 93 of 1996 as amended; CITY OF TSHWANE METROPOLITAN MUNICIPALITY DRAFT PARKING METER BY-LAWS 1. DEFINITIONS 1.1 Act means the National Road Traffic Act, Act No 93 of 1996 as amended; 1.2 demarcated space means a place referred

More information

Policy Measures for Improving Air Quality in the U.S.

Policy Measures for Improving Air Quality in the U.S. Policy Measures for Improving Air Quality in the U.S. The 4 th SINO-US Workshop on Motor Vehicle Pollution Prevention and Control Office of Transportation and Air Quality Mission and Focus EPA The mission

More information

2013 No. 1970 COMPANIES. The Companies Act 2006 (Strategic Report and Directors Report) Regulations 2013

2013 No. 1970 COMPANIES. The Companies Act 2006 (Strategic Report and Directors Report) Regulations 2013 S T A T U T O R Y I N S T R U M E N T S 2013 No. 1970 COMPANIES The Companies Act 2006 (Strategic Report and Directors Report) Regulations 2013 Made - - - - 6th August 2013 Coming into force - - 1st October

More information

Initial appraisal of a European Commission Impact Assessment

Initial appraisal of a European Commission Impact Assessment Initial appraisal of a European Commission Impact Assessment European Commission proposal for a Directive on the harmonisation of laws of the Member States to the making available on the market of radio

More information

Explanatory notes VAT invoicing rules

Explanatory notes VAT invoicing rules Explanatory notes VAT invoicing rules (Council Directive 2010/45/EU) Why explanatory notes? Explanatory notes aim at providing a better understanding of legislation adopted at EU level and in this case

More information

2. Taxation Class Because of the variety of classes of vehicles please leave this blank. The DVLA Local Office will complete.

2. Taxation Class Because of the variety of classes of vehicles please leave this blank. The DVLA Local Office will complete. HOW TO COMPLETE DVLA FORM V55/5 All members of BFG (military and civilian) who take their BFG registered vehicles back to the UK for registration will be required to complete a DVLA Form V55/5 Application

More information

Introduction Local Authority Pollution Prevention and Control LAPPC Local Authority Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control LA-IPPC

Introduction Local Authority Pollution Prevention and Control LAPPC Local Authority Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control LA-IPPC Local Authority Pollution Prevention and Control Guidance New Part B Installation Operators Introduction The pollution emissions released from industrial processes can affect the environment and quality

More information

Private Parking Areas Act 1986

Private Parking Areas Act 1986 Version: 1.7.2011 South Australia Private Parking Areas Act 1986 An Act to regulate, restrict or prohibit the use by the public of private access roads, private walkways, and private parking areas; to

More information

Relate. Motoring in Ireland. December 2013. Driver licensing. Contents. Driver theory test

Relate. Motoring in Ireland. December 2013. Driver licensing. Contents. Driver theory test December 2013 Volume 40: Issue 12 ISSN 0790-4290 Contents Page No. 1. Driver licensing Learner permits, the driver theory test and the practical driving test are all part of the driver licensing system.

More information

HYBRID BUSES COSTS AND BENEFITS

HYBRID BUSES COSTS AND BENEFITS HYBRID BUSES COSTS AND BENEFITS Key Facts In 2005, more than 60 percent of the 9.7 billion transit passenger trips in the United States were provided by buses, approximately 84 percent of which are powered

More information

Sales & Marketing Natural Gas Business Development & Product Unit CNG for cleaner cities and road transport

Sales & Marketing Natural Gas Business Development & Product Unit CNG for cleaner cities and road transport Sales & Marketing CNG for cleaner cities and road transport Alfredo Martín, January 2005 Fuel evolution in city / road transportation Due to environmental and/or economic issues, the shift from liquid

More information

REGULATORY IMPACT ANALYSIS (RIA)

REGULATORY IMPACT ANALYSIS (RIA) REGULATORY IMPACT ANALYSIS (RIA) European Union (Lifts and Safety Components for Lifts) Regulations, 2016 (S.I. No. of 2016) Page 1 Contents 1.Foreword...2 2.Policy context...2 3.Objectives...3 4.Options...3

More information

Chapter 7. Procedure for Conducting The Test for Durability of Emission Control Systems

Chapter 7. Procedure for Conducting The Test for Durability of Emission Control Systems Chapter 7 Procedure for Conducting The Test for Durability of Emission Control Systems 1. INTRODUCTION: This Chapter details the procedures for selecting a family of engines to be tested over a service

More information

DECISIONS ADOPTED JOINTLY BY THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND THE COUNCIL

DECISIONS ADOPTED JOINTLY BY THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND THE COUNCIL L 218/82 EN Official Journal of the European Union 13.8.2008 DECISIONS ADOPTED JOINTLY BY THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND THE COUNCIL DECISION No 768/2008/EC OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of

More information

Traffic offences - sanctions Bulgaria

Traffic offences - sanctions Bulgaria Traffic offences - sanctions Bulgaria Offences Sanctions Drink or drug driving Driving with a blood alcohol level of >0.5 to 1.2 - second offence Refusing to have the alcohol level or the use of drugs

More information

Model Act on Heavy Vehicle Speeding Compliance

Model Act on Heavy Vehicle Speeding Compliance Model Act on Heavy Vehicle Speeding Compliance The following provisions are intended to provide the basis for nationally consistent transport laws on the topics with which they deal. They do not, of themselves,

More information

European Parliament ENVI Committee - Public Hearing on Air Quality Policy

European Parliament ENVI Committee - Public Hearing on Air Quality Policy European Parliament ENVI Committee - Public Hearing on Air Quality Policy Potential for reducing emissions from road traffic and improving air quality Klaus Land (ACEA pilot of RDE expert group) Massive

More information

Electrical Equipment (implementing the Low Voltage Directive)

Electrical Equipment (implementing the Low Voltage Directive) PRODUCT STANDARDS Electrical Equipment (implementing the Low Voltage Directive) GUIDANCE NOTES ON THE UK ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT (SAFETY) REGULATIONS 1994 (S.I. 1994/3260) MARCH 2007 URN 07/616 Contents

More information

Biogas as a vehicle fuel in buses costs and greenhouse gas emissions

Biogas as a vehicle fuel in buses costs and greenhouse gas emissions Biogas as a vehicle fuel in buses costs and greenhouse gas emissions Kaunas 22.9.2009 Tuula Kajolinna and Mona Arnold VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland www.balticbiogasbus.eu 1 The aim Well to wheel

More information

Regulating Written-off Vehicles. Department of Transport and the Road Safety Authority

Regulating Written-off Vehicles. Department of Transport and the Road Safety Authority Regulating Written-off Vehicles Department of Transport and the Road Safety Authority 22 December 2010 Executive Summary The European Commission s Road Safety Unit 1 has indicated that defective vehicles

More information

Road Traffic Offenders Act 1988. Schedule 2 PROSECUTION AND PUNISHMENT OF OFFENCES. Part I OFFENCES UNDER THE TRAFFIC ACTS.

Road Traffic Offenders Act 1988. Schedule 2 PROSECUTION AND PUNISHMENT OF OFFENCES. Part I OFFENCES UNDER THE TRAFFIC ACTS. Part 3.7 Driving disqualification/endorsement, Schedule 2 Road Traffic Offenders Act 1988 Schedule 2 PROSECUTION AND PUNISHMENT OF OFFENCES Part I OFFENCES UNDER THE TRAFFIC ACTS England [ Offences under

More information

Measurement Systems for Diesel Exhaust Gas and Future Trends. Oxidation catalyst DPF Flow mete. Soft ionization mass spectrometer

Measurement Systems for Diesel Exhaust Gas and Future Trends. Oxidation catalyst DPF Flow mete. Soft ionization mass spectrometer FEATURE ARTICLE Measurement Systems for Diesel Exhaust Gas and Future Trends Ichiro Asano Direct-insertion NOx analyzer Micro-tunnel De-NOx catalyst Oxidation catalyst DPF Flow mete Engine exhaust gas

More information

EUROPEAN UNION. Brussels, 25 March 2009 (OR. en) 2007/0297 (COD) PE-CONS 3741/08 ENV 1046 ENT 338 CODEC 1910

EUROPEAN UNION. Brussels, 25 March 2009 (OR. en) 2007/0297 (COD) PE-CONS 3741/08 ENV 1046 ENT 338 CODEC 1910 EUROPEAN UNION THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMT THE COUNCIL Brussels, 25 March 2009 (OR. en) 2007/0297 (COD) PE-CONS 3741/08 V 1046 T 338 CODEC 1910 LEGISLATIVE ACTS AND OTHER INSTRUMTS Subject: REGULATION OF THE

More information

BERMUDA TRAFFIC OFFENCES (PENALTIES) ACT 1976 1976 : 30

BERMUDA TRAFFIC OFFENCES (PENALTIES) ACT 1976 1976 : 30 QUO FA T A F U E R N T BERMUDA TRAFFIC OFFENCES (PENALTIES) ACT 1976 1976 : 30 TABLE OF CONTENTS 1 2 3 3A 4 4A 4B 4C 4D 4E 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Interpretation Prosecution and punishment of traffic offences

More information

DIRECTIVE 2006/95/EC OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL. of 12 December 2006

DIRECTIVE 2006/95/EC OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL. of 12 December 2006 L 374/10 EN Official Journal of the European Union 27.12.2006 DIRECTIVE 2006/95/EC OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 12 December 2006 on the harmonisation of the laws of Member States relating

More information

UNOFFICIAL CONSOLIDATION AND TRANSLATION OF LAWS 128(I) OF 2009 AND 52(I) OF 2010 THE PAYMENT SERVICES LAWS OF 2009 TO 2010

UNOFFICIAL CONSOLIDATION AND TRANSLATION OF LAWS 128(I) OF 2009 AND 52(I) OF 2010 THE PAYMENT SERVICES LAWS OF 2009 TO 2010 UNOFFICIAL CONSOLIDATION AND TRANSLATION OF LAWS 128(I) OF 2009 AND 52(I) OF 2010 THE PAYMENT SERVICES LAWS OF 2009 TO 2010 This translation and consolidation of laws is not official. It has been prepared

More information