World Rainfall Patterns

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1 World Rainfall Patterns

2 Wet Regions 0-10 o Lat. Doldrums

3 Wet Regions East Coasts, o Lat. Trade Winds

4 Wet Regions East Coasts, o Lat. Warm Ocean Current

5 Wet Regions West Coasts, o Lat. Westerly Winds

6 Dry Regions o Lat. West Side of Land Mass Subtropical High

7 Dry Regions Rainshadow Areas

8 Dry Regions Polar Areas

9 Environments Learn the: Climate Characteristics Climate Causes General Locations Latitudes Specific Places Vegetation

10 Tropical Rainforest Humid & Rainy all year Day = 85F Night = 75F

11 Tropical Rainforest (Af) 0-10 o Lat. Eq. Low Amazon Basin

12 Tropical Rainforest Congo Basin (Central Africa) Indonesia

13 Tropical Rainforest o Lat. East Coasts Trade Winds from Warm Ocean Central America Brazil

14 Tropical Rainforest E Coast of Madagascar

15 Tropical Rainforest 6% of World s Land 50% of world s species Trees are Evergreen (Not Deciduous) Broadleaf Trees (Not Needleleaf Conifers)

16 Tropical Rainforest Ground Vegetation? Lianas

17 Tropical Rainforest Epiphytes Air Plants

18 Rainforest Primates

19 Rainforest Reptiles

20 Tropical Savanna Climate (Aw) Tropical Wet-Dry Rainy Summer Dry Winter o Lat. Cuba, S. Mexico S. Brazil

21 Tropical Savanna (Aw) So. Mexico, Cuba So. Brazil Rainy Summer JULY Eq. Low/ITCZ nearby JANUARY

22 Tropical Savanna Dry Winter Eq. Low/ITCZ Shifts Away JULY JANUARY

23 Tropical Savanna In Africa Surrounds the Rainforest

24 Vegetation in Trop. Savanna Two Types 1) Savanna Grassland 2) Tropical Deciduous Forest

25 Savanna Grassland Scattered Trees & Grasses

26 Savanna Grassland Big Game Animals

27 Tropical Deciduous Forest Deciduous Trees Due to Dry Winter

28 Tropical Deciduous Forest Rain-green In Summer

29 Tropical Deciduous Forest Ground Veg?

30 Hot Desert Climate (BWh) Hot & Dry o latitude On West Side of Land Masses Sinking Air of Subtrop. High Clear Skies, Little Rain Low Latitude leads to Record Heat 134F

31 Death Valley 36 o latitude Subtropical High in Summer Rainshadow in Winter

32 Hot Deserts Sahara Saudi Arabia Kalahari

33 Hot Deserts Australia

34 Cool, Foggy Desert (BWn) o lat, West Coast Subtropical High Dry Cold Ocean Current Cool, Heavy Air Does not rise to form clouds 2 Places

35 Cool, Foggy Deserts (pg. 296) Namib Desert

36 Namib Desert Skeleton Coast

37 Cool, Foggy Deserts (pg. 290) Atacama Desert Rain?

38 Cold Desert Climate (BWk) Dry, with Cold Winters o latitude Leeward Side of Mtns. (Rainshadow areas)

39 Cold Deserts Great Basin, USA (pg. 288) Patagonia, Argentina (p. 289)

40 Cold Deserts Aral Sea Area Mongolia & W. China

41 Desert Vegetation (pg. 287) Sometimes Entirely Absent

42 Desert Vegetation Usually Shrubs Adapted to Drought

43 Some Plants Store Water Saguaro Cactus

44 Small Leaves

45 Spreading Roots

46 Small, Spaced Plants

47 Steppe Climate (BS) Semi-Desert Borders Desert Very short rainy season Short Grasses

48 S. Dakota Steppe

49 Marine West Coast Climate (Cfb,Cfc) Cool, Rainy all year o latitude, West Coasts Oregon, Wash Westerly Winds Blow Storms from Ocean to Land

50 Marine West Coast W. Europe

51 Ireland Emerald Isle

52 Marine West Coast So. Chile

53 So. Chile

54 Marine West Coast New Zealand

55 Marine West Coast Vegetation Pacific Northwest Rainforest (pg. 309)

56 Marine West Coast Vegetation Pacific Northwest Forest, USA Needleleaf Conifers Redwoods Douglas Firs

57 Douglas Firs, Washington

58 European & New Zealand Mixed Forest (pp. 315 & 320) Summer Winter

59 New Zealand Forest

60 Mediterranean Climate (Csa, Csb) So. Calif. Cool, Rainy Winter Like Marine West Coast Warm, Dry Summer Like Desert o latitude West side of continents

61 Subtropical High Shifts Summer ST High Nearby Blocks Storms Winter ST High Shrinks Moves Towards Equator Westerly Winds blow storms onshore

62 Med. Climate Cen. Chile

63 Mediterranean Climate Med. Sea Coastline

64 Mediterranean Climate SW Australia

65 Med. Vegetation Evergreen Shrubs Chaparral

66 Chaparral

67 Poison Oak Deciduous Leaves of 3

68 Mediterranean Woodland Grasses & Scattered Trees Oak Woodland in CA

69 Mediterranean Vegetation Plants w/ Leathery, Evergreen Leaves Oils in leaves Conserve water Flammable Plants are Adapted to Fire Clears brush, trees

70 Oak Woodland Seasonal Changes

71 Oak Woodland Spring Wildflowers

72 Louisiana

73 Humid Subtropical (Cfa) SE USA (FL, LA) o latitude East side of continents Warm Ocean Current Humid Continental (Dfa, Dfb, Dwa, Dwb) New England Great Lakes Region o latitude East side of continents

74 Humid Subtropical Hot, rainy summer Warm Ocean EZ Evaporation High Humidity Convectional Precip. Cool, rainy winter Storms from Polar Front Humid Continental Warm, rainy summer Cold, snowy winter

75 Humid Subtropical SE USA Humid Continental New England, Great Lakes

76 Humid Subtropical Uruguay & Environs

77 Humid Continental E. Europe

78 Humid Subtropical Humid Continental So. China & So. Japan No. China & No. Japan

79 Humid Sub. & Humid Cont. Veg. 1. Mixed Forest (pg. 310) 2. Grasslands (pp ) (in drier parts of region) Tall-Grass Prairie (Midwest USA) Pampas (South America)

80 Japan - Evergreen Forest

81 New England Deciduous Forest

82 Subarctic Climate (Dfc, Dfd, Dwd) Alaska, Canada, Siberia Lat Weak Sunlight Interior Location No Oceanic Influence X Large Annual Temp Range 60F in Summer -50F in Winter!

83 Subarctic Climate Alaska Canada

84 Canada in April

85 Subarctic Veg. (pp. 308 & 316) Boreal Forest Conifers

86 Boreal Forest - Alaska

87 Tundra Climate (ET) Arctic Coast of N. Amer, Russia, Green. Cold Winters -20F Weak/No Sun Oceanic Influence Between 32F & 50F for 2-3 months

88 Tundra Veg. (pp. 342 & 343) Veg. is Limited by: Climate Permafrost in Soil Subsoil always frozen

89 Tundra Veg. Short-Rooted Plants Grasses Mosses Lichens

90 Subarctic/Tundra Transition

91 Ice Cap Climate (EF) Antarctica Interior of Greenland All months < 32F

92 Ice Cap Climate Record Cold Temp Little Sunlight High Albedo of Ice High Altitude on Ice Cap (Thin Air) -129F! No Vegetation

93 ANTARCTICA

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