UNIT: World War I. Course: CHC2D. Lesson Title: Causes of WWI. Grade: 10. Teacher name: Melissa Del Col

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1 UNIT: World War I Lesson Title: Causes of WWI Course: CHC2D Grade: 10 Teacher name: Melissa Del Col AT: Melanie Williams Lesson Description: Students will look at the direct and indirect causes of the Great War. Specifically students will understand how the spark initiated the war as well as the indirect causes (MAINS). Students will also identify the European alliances. Prior Learning: Students will have examined Canadian society from 1980s until present day. They will also have looked at Canada before the war in terms of its political, economic and social structure/influences. Overall Learning Expectations: Assess Canada s participation in war and contributions to peacekeeping and security. Assessment (as, for and of) What you need Anticipatory Set / Minds on (5 minutes) Specific Expectations: Explain the causes of World War I and World War II and how Canada became involved in these two wars; Identify formative or summative assessments teachers should use Materials: Overhead projector/laptop/wifi access Powerpoint Causes of WWI Work sheet Map of Europe (p. 17 of textbook) Textbook The Canadian Challenge You tube clip: WWI from a Canadian Perspective Article on Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand Introduction: Introduce topic Play clip Action Students will: Copy power point presentation

2 (45-55 minutes) Have students read article on Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand. Students can work in pairs on filling out worksheet due at the end of the period Consolidation/debrief Conclusion: Inform students they will continue the lesson into the next day Schlieffen plan/map assignment Critical questions Why is WWI known as the Great War? What was Canada s role in WWI and how did it shape Canada as a nation? How did the First World War shape Canadian identity? Homework / Independent Practice Modifications/Accommodation s Worksheet/Map For students with IEPs, they will be provided with visuals/notes Causes of WWI 4 General Causes of WWI Specific event that sparked WWI o Map of Europe o Timeline of WWI o Events that caused each of the Great Powers to get drawn into the war

3 Causes of World War I Militarism & Arms Race At the beginning of the twentieth century, a nation s power rested on its military strength. Many countries in Europe were building up their armies and navies in an attempt to make peace by preparing for war This prompted an arms race in Europe Germany had a large army circa 1900 but was now focusing on building a navy to expand its empire and its influence Britain felt threatened by the growth of the German fleet and took part in the arms race Militarism led to suspicion and problems Alliances In 1914, Europe was divided into two hostile groups with suspicion and hostility running rampant The countries within each group made treaties to agree to fight together if one was attacked to ensure protection The Triple Alliance and the Triple Entente formed for protection from future wars Triple Alliance A.K.A. Central Powers Germany Austria-Hungary Italy France Russia Britain Triple Entente A.K.A. The Allies Imperialism France, Russia, and Britain had all established Imperial possessions throughout the world Germany wanted its share of colonies and territory as well By this time, however, very little valuable land existed for the taking The desire for growth and to hold on to established territories led to frequent quarrels between the powers in Europe Constant threats to the peace and local wars in Europe began to develop Nationalism The countries of Europe were willing to do whatever it took to protect their homeland Example: o Serbia was a country with a strong nationalist sentiment circa 1900 o Serbia bordered the Austrian provinces of Bosnia; many people of Serbian descent lived in Bosnia and hated being under Austrian control o Many Serbs and Bosnians believed that Bosnia should be a part of Serbia o They formed a terrorist group, the Black Hand, whose motto was Union or Death! o Austria, also expressing feelings of nationalism, opposed attempts of any group to break away from their empire Thus nationalism was causing friction in Europe

4 Causes of World War I Militarism (Naval and Arms Race) Why Did It Ultimately Work To Bring About War? Alliances (Alliance System) Imperialism (Clash of Empires) Nationalism (Nationalism) The Assassination of Archduke Ferdinand (The Spark)

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