The Digital Dividend & the future of the 700/800 MHz Bands in Region 1

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1 The Digital Dividend & the future of the 700/800 MHz Bands in Region 1

2 Agenda Background Definitions & processes yielding the Digital Dividend 700 MHz band allocation to mobile. Why? Outcome of ITU-R preparations to WRC /800 MHz situation in Region 1 Recommendations - The importance of WRC-15

3 Agenda Background Definitions & processes yielding the Digital Dividend 700 MHz band allocation to mobile. Why? Outcome of ITU-R preparations to WRC /800 MHz situation in Region 1 Recommendations - The importance of WRC-15

4 Definition & Background The Digital Dividend is the amount of spectrum in the frequency band MHz to be released in the switchover from analogue to digital TV, at latest at the end of the transition period 2015 (GE06 Agreement). The status of the MHz Band in Region 1: Potential candidate for Mobile - IMT Broadcasting - DTT Mobile IMT (after WRC-15) Mobile IMT 470 MHz 694 MHz 790 MHz 862 MHz

5 Yielding the DD: Restack and Reallocation Processes ASO dates Conversion 17 June 2015 of all free-to-air 17 June 2020 in VHF television for the countries services to digital. listed in Article 12 of the GE06 Agreement Restacking DTT services into a smaller Saharan Africa amount of UHF spectrum Planning Done in Sub- Planning ongoing in the Arab countries If necessary, Identify Done additional in Europe DTT for the multiplexes 800MHz band. below TV channel 49 TBD for the 700 MHz band International Recognition CR 350 Update of the GE06D immediate deletion of the Plan & the MIFR to reflect Plan, the changes analogue assignments from the asking the administrations about their Important: decision the concerning Analog the entries will be deleted in from the MIFR. the Plan (see CR 365) RoP and clarifying the MIFR(see the application RoP of the of the RR, recently adopted clarifying the of the RR) analogue assignments recorded send to administrations the list of their recorded analogue assignments in the MIFR with a deadline to reply in case of no reply, the Bureau will delete the MIFR entries. Re-Farming of the DD spectrum Re-farming of of the 700/800 MHz bands (UHF Importance TV channels of WRC ) 15 Define Consider a national the ITU-R Digital studies and Dividend, the draft CPM the Band report - Agenda arrangements items 1.1. & 1.2 and the parts of the spectrum to be reallocated.( consider global harmonization?) Define the re-allocation period

6 Agenda Background Definitions & processes yielding the Digital Dividend 700 MHz band allocation to mobile. Why? Outcome of ITU-R preparations to WRC /800 MHz situation in Region 1 Recommendations - The importance of WRC-15

7 The advantages of the 700 MHz Band propagation characteristics of this band should facilitate improvements in mobile broadband coverage in rural areas, as well as better indoor coverage in more densely-populated areas. The signal covers a larger cell size. Infrastructure cost: Better Propagation means fewer base stations (The network infrastructure is 7 times higher if wireless operators use 3.5GHz compared to 700 MHz)

8 The advantages of the 700 MHz Band Valuable properties for the wireless communication networks, using any generation of technology (3G, 4G ) Could stimulate innovation for emergency communication, health, elderly care and lower-cost communication.

9 Why 700 MHz for MEA? Several countries in MEA use 850MHz for other services and so cannot make the 800 MHz band available for Mobile. The penetration of fixed broadband is very low or infrastructure not sufficient. Demand for mobile data services is growing and more spectrum is needed to accommodate this demand A dynamic wireless broadband industry to contribute in the economic growth and job creation. Limited use of terrestrial TV Low penetration for Terrestrial broadcasting, compared with other TV platforms and/or provides few TV channels. Limited number of TV channels. Late introduction allows the choice of DVB-T2 very efficient spectrum consuming : Larger DD Replacement Extension Accommodate the increasing demand Improve national economy the 700MHz allocation in Region1 raises the prospect of harmonization with other ITU world regions.

10 Feasibility in 700 MHz Countries in MEA started planning DSO later than European and are well positioned to use newer technologies, such as DVB-T2 and MPEG-4/H.256, which offer better spectral efficiency. Spectrum in the 700MHz band could be made available by most regulators in the MEA In Europe, in contrast, most countries planned DSO some years ago and hence use DVB-T with multi-frequency networks (MFNs) for an extensive DTT. Substantial planning would be needed to migrate to the more-recent technology option of DVB-T2 with singlefrequency networks (SFNs). expected to be available in Europe until around because of the complexity of moving DTT from this band.

11 Agenda Background Definitions & processes yielding the Digital Dividend 700 MHz band allocation to mobile. Why? Outcome of ITU-R preparations to WRC /800 MHz situation in Region 1 Recommendations - The importance of WRC-15

12 Outcome of ITU-R preparations WRC-15 agenda item 1.2 Issue - To examine the results of ITU-R studies, in accordance with Resolution 232 (WRC-12), on the use of the frequency band MHz by the mobile, except aeronautical mobile, service in Region 1 and take the appropriate measures; - Background - The rationale for this agenda item is to address technical compatibility matters arising from WRC-12 decisions affecting the 700 MHz band for ITU Region 1. The key decision was the introduction of a mobile allocation and IMT identification, effective immediately after WRC-15, suitable for terrestrial wireless broadband delivery.

13 Outcome of ITU-R preparations JTG has concluded that the lower band edge should remain at 694 MHz Frequency arrangements developed by WP 5D consist of a common baseline arrangement aligned with the lower duplexer of the Asia-Pacific arrangement (3GPP band 28) 694 MHZ 790 MHZ Proposed possible additions to the baseline. Studies assumed a 9MHz guard band between the upper edge of the broadcasting band (694 MHz) and the lower edge of the MS channeling arrangement (703 MHz). Additional studies on the UE OOB emission limit to try to: Manage the risk of interference between mobile use and BS below 694 MHz To be technically feasible from the point of view of practical implementation of IMT UE in order to avoid unnecessarily stringent limits that may lead to an increase in size or in complexity of IMT radio equipment To aim to a global harmonization of IMT UE No consensus yet on those limits.

14 possible additions to the baseline : Wireless in the 700 MHz Program making and special events (PMSE) PMSE currently uses 700MHz spectrum in countries where this band is used for DTT, and is represented by powerful lobby groups. PMSE uses interleaved spectrum (white space)throughout the DTT range, so reducing availability of DTT spectrum would cut the amount of spectrum available for PMSE. Public protection and disaster relief (PPDR) There are strong calls for more spectrum to be allocated to PPDR to help modernize public safety. WRC-15 is expected to discuss the suitability of 700MHz spectrum for PPDR Agenda item 1.3 of WRC-15. Another option: considering up to 20 MHz supplemental downlink in the center gap

15 Agenda Background Definitions & processes yielding the Digital Dividend 700 MHz band allocation to mobile. Why? Outcome of ITU-R preparations to WRC /800 MHz situation in Region 1 Recommendations - The importance of WRC-15

16 Current status in Europe Long Term Solution for Europe At least until 2030 " " formula for Europe to fulfil Digital Agenda for Europe broadband targets in three steps, while giving broadcasting a clear path to invest and develop further: The 700 MHz band ( MHz) is currently used by terrestrial broadcasting networks and wireless microphones & should be dedicated to wireless broadband across Europe by 2020 (+/- two years); Regulatory security and stability for terrestrial broadcasters in the remaining UHF spectrum below 700 MHz to be safeguarded until 2030; A review by 2025 to assess technology and market developments.

17 Aeronautical Radionavigation services in the 700MHz and 800MHz bands RCC main focus: Aeronautical Radionavigation (ARNS) used by the Russian Federation and some other RCC states in these bands is expected to continue, so coordination arrangements need to be developed. CEPT and RCC are developing a framework for bilateral agreements between neighbouring countries to prevent this from becoming an issue at WRC- 15. See Footnote Additional allocation: in Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, the Russian Federation, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Ukraine, the band MHz, in Bulgaria the bands MHz, MHz, MHz and MHz, in Romania the band MHz, and in Poland, the band MHz until 31 December 2012 and the band MHz until 31 December 2017, are also allocated to the aeronautical radionavigation service on a primary basis. (WRC-12)

18 Current status in Africa and Arab countries ATU (African countries) Want to deploy mobile systems in the 700 MHz band as soon as possible after WRC-15 have already agreed on a re-plan of DTT in Africa would like to adopt either the full APT (2 x 45 MHz) or the CEPT (2 x 30 MHz) harmonized options within the 3GPP band 28 ASMG (Arab countries) Similar to ATU but some Arab Stets are also concerned about cross-border coordination with Iran (OOB limits considerations differ tighter values favored by Iran) UAE has become the first country in Europe, the Middle East and Africa to adopt the APT 700 frequency plan for its 700 MHz band and the European CEPT plan for the 800 MHz

19 Recommendations The Broadcasting community to implement technological innovations, such as: DVB-T2 compression technologies, and single-frequency networks (SFNs) increase spectrum efficiency and enable DTT platforms to provide more high-definition (HD) services, which would make DTT services more attractive to consumers and use less spectrum. Use TV in frequencies below 694 MHz The Mobile community Harmonize the 700 and 800 MHz bands for the Mobile

20 Benefits of Harmonization Source: Presentation from Ericsson at RRS-13 in Tunis 20

21 Thank you for your attention

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