Article I of the US Constitution. US History & Government

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1 Article I of the US Constitution US History & Government

2 What is the purpose of the Legislative branch of government? The legislative branch of government writes laws

3 Congress Senate House of Representatives

4 Number of Members Term in Office Number per state Age requirement Citizenship requirement % elected every 2 years Method of selection Size of Constituency Presiding officer Special Duties HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES 435 SENATE years 6 years Determined by the population of the state Always elected by the people Districts of approximately 500,000 Speaker of the House Introduce revenue bills Impeachment 9 33 or 34 Chosen by the state legislature until the 17th amendment Entire State Vice President of US Approves or rejects presidential appointments Tries cases of impeachment

5 How the Census of 2010 effected the House of Representatives

6 Our Congressional Districts 3

7 Our Representatives Senate House of Representatives Sen. Chuck Schumer Sen. Kirsten Gillibrand Rep. Tim Bishop 1 st Congressional District Rep. Steve Israel 2 nd Congressional District

8 A census is taken every 10 years. What is the relationship between the census and the distribution of seats in the House of Representatives? Seats in the House of Representatives are distributed based on population. States that with more people gain seats in the House of Representatives. States that lose population loose seats in the House of Representatives Why, in 1789, did the House of Representatives reflect the interests of the people more directly than the Senate? In the past, the Senate was chosen by the state legislature, not elected by the people. How does this explain why the founding fathers required all revenue bills (taxes bills) to begin in the House of Representatives? The Founding Fathers believed in no taxation without representation. So, taxes bills were created in the House because they have always been elected by the people (unlike the Senate).

9 What are the enumerated (delegated) powers of Congress? Congress may: Clause 1. Raise taxes Clause 2. Borrow money Clause 3. Control interstate commerce Clause 4. Set the rules for naturalization & bankrupcy Clause 5. Coin money Clause 6. Punish counterfeiters Clause 7. Establish post offices Clause 8. Issue patents and copyrights Clause 9. Create courts Clause 10. Punish pirates Clause 11. Declare war Clause 12. Create an army Clause 13. Create a navy Clause 14. Make the rules for the military Clause 15. Create the National Guard Clause 16. Make the rules for the National Guard Clause 17. Establish Washington DC

10 What is the purpose of the necessary and proper clause of Article 1? To allow the constitution to deal with new situations Why is it also known as the elastic clause or the implied powers of congress? Because it stretches the powers of congress, and because these powers are not directly stated in the Constitution. Can Congress tax internet purchases?

11 Powers Denied to Congress What is habeas corpus? An order requiring a person be brought before a judge to determine whether he/she is being held lawfully. Under which two circumstances can habeas corpus be suspended? Rebellion or Invasion What are bills of attainder and an ex post facto laws? A bill of attainder is a law that convicts a person of a crime without trial. An ex post facto law is a law that is applied to past actions. Why would these bills be unfair? Under our system of government, all people have a right to a trial. Retroactive laws mean that people can unknowingly break the law. Examine Article I, Section 9, clause 5 & clause 6. What problem are both of these clauses trying to prevent? They are trying to prevent Congress from favoring one state over another. According to Article I, Section 9, clause 7, under what circumstances may congress raise and spend money? Congress can raise and spend money only when a bill is drafted in Congress

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