The social benefits of a circular economy: lessons from the UK

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "The social benefits of a circular economy: lessons from the UK"

Transcription

1 The social benefits of a circular economy: lessons from the UK

2 Why is a circular economy good for people? It isn t just business and the environment that benefit from the circular economy. Good policy, that makes products easier to repair and longer lasting with incentives to take old products back, can cut unemployment and save people money.

3 The circular economy can reduce unemployment where it is high Expanding the circular economy could create 205,000 new jobs in the UK alone. Because it can address labour market skill gaps and regional unemployment, 54,000 of these jobs could be net jobs by 2030, bringing people back into employment. 1 Other EU countries could reap similar benefits. Unemployment rate in UK regions, June-August 2014 Net job creation in circular economy activity to 2030 at current growth rate, as a percentage of labour force Scotland 5.5% North West 6.7% Wales 6.5% West Midlands 7.5% South West 4.6% North East 9.3% Yorkshire & the Humber 7% East Midlands 5.5% East England 4.9% London 6.6% South East 4.7% Scotland 0.07% North West 0.24% (8,474 jobs) Wales 0.23% West Midlands 0.39% (10,659 jobs) North East 0.54% (6,948 jobs) Yorkshire & the Humber 0.30% (7,978 jobs) East Midlands 0.08% East England 0.01% London 0.12%

4 and provide work at all skill levels in the labour market Circular economy job creation potential by skill type 1 UK unemployment rate by skill type Activity Higher value, closed loop recycling 10% Lower value, open loop recycling Servitisation (services instead of products) 8% 6% 7.9% Remanufacturing 4% 3.6% Reuse 2% 2.2% Biorefining 0 Low skilled Skilled Professional Low skilled Skilled Professional

5 The circular economy is lucrative By recovering value from items that would otherwise go to waste, the circular economy improves resource productivity and competitiveness. The most value comes from keeping things in working order. In the UK, electronic and electrical goods are worth 50 per cent more if they are sold for reuse rather than recycling. However, only 23 percent are suitable for reuse and only two per cent are currently reused. 3 Reuse and parts harvesting are much more valuable than recycling 4 New phone Second-hand phone Product price 599 Parts 188 Price if reused 290 Parts 170 Materials 1.50 Finished products are worth much more Finished products are worth much more than the raw materials inside them Materials 0.72 Parts in a broken phone are worth nearly Parts in a broken phone are worth nearlyone third of the original value of the device

6 Good design enables easy repair Apparently similar devices have very different levels of repairability 5 LG G HTC One /10 ifixit repairability rating 1/10 ifixit repairability rating Time to repair 10 minutes Low risk of damage during repair Time to repair 90 minutes High risk of damage during repair + Rear panel battery can be removed with no tools + Many components are modular and can be replaced independently -- LCD is fused to the glass + Solid external construction improves durability -- Virtually impossible to open without extreme damage to rear case -- Battery is buried under motherboard and adhered to midframe

7 The sale of products for reuse and remanufacture supports more jobs 6 Reuse and remanufacture High value is retained by keeping the original design and function of products 8-20 jobs (per thousand tonnes of products) Recycle Moderate value is retained by recapturing raw materials to make new products 5-10 jobs (per thousand tonnes of material) Landfilling is a waste of valuable products and materials... Landfill Value is lost when materials and products are thrown away, costing consumers over 100 per tonne 0.1 jobs (per thousand tonnes of waste)

8 Consumers want more repairable products The proportion of laptops replaced in Germany because they were broken shot up from seven per cent in 2007 to 27 per cent in 2013, whereas the number of Germans who replaced their laptop simply for a better model fell from 56 per cent to 25 per cent over the same period. 7 Qualitative research for the UK s Department for Environment Food and Rural Affairs shows that consumers are annoyed when devices don t last as long as expected, and they found that getting devices repaired was too difficult. 8

9 How the EU can help Good policy can ensure better quality products that stay in use for longer New secondary materials markets Producer responsibility policy prioritising reuse and supporting secondary materials markets Ecodesign policy more reusable more recyclable The EU s circular economy policy package has the potential to improve the design of products and ensure that producers reuse and recycle more. Keeping valuable resources circulating in the economy supports the market for secondary products and materials across all regions, which could create new jobs in areas of high unemployment. It also satisfies consumer demand for better, longer lasting products. An efficient circular economy will increase resource productivity and resilience, and it will help Europe to stay competitive in a world of rising demand for materials.

10 Sources 1. Green Alliance/WRAP, 2015, Employment and the circular economy: job creation in a more resource efficient Britain 2. Calculation based on data in: Green Alliance/WRAP, 2015, Employment and the circular economy: job creation in a more resource efficient Britain 3. Analysis by WRAP of the reuse potential of WEEE taken to Household Waste Recycling Centres, org.uk/sites/files/wrap/wrap%20 WEEE%20HWRC%20summary%20 report.pdf 4. Green Alliance, 2015, A circular economy for smart devices 5. Ifixit: and, Guide/HTC+One+Display+Assembly+R eplacement/ Adapted from: Green Alliance, 2014, More jobs, less carbon: why we need landfill bans 7. Oeko-Institut, 2015, Influence of the service life of products in terms of their environmental impact: establishing an information base and developing strategies against obsolescence 8. Brook Lyndhurst, 2011, Public understanding of product lifetimes and durability (1) - A research report completed for the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs Green Alliance Green Alliance is a charity and independent think tank focused on ambitious leadership for the environment. We have a track record of over 35 years, working with the most influential leaders from the NGO, business, and political communities. Our work generates new thinking and dialogue, and has increased political action and support for environmental solutions in the UK. Green Alliance 36 Buckingham Palace Road, London, SW1W 0RE blog: greenallianceblog.org.uk The Green Alliance Trust is a registered charity and company limited by guarantee (England and Wales) , registered at the above address Published by Green Alliance, August 2015 Designed by Howdy Green Alliance, 2015 Green Alliance s work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution- Noncommercial-No derivative works 3.0 unported licence. This does not replace copyright but gives certain rights without having to ask Green Alliance for permission. Under this licence, our work may be shared freely. This provides the freedom to copy, distribute and transmit this work on to others, provided Green Alliance is credited as the author and text is unaltered. This work must not be resold or used for commercial purposes. These conditions can be waived under certain circumstances with the written permission of Green Alliance. For more information about this licence go to by-nc-nd/3.0/

What new spending reductions could mean for DECC

What new spending reductions could mean for DECC What new spending reductions could mean for DECC Executive summary The UK s plans to reduce government spending seem modest: pre-election Conservative Party pledges amount to a 3.3 per cent reduction over

More information

Will the UK economy succeed in a low carbon world?

Will the UK economy succeed in a low carbon world? Will the UK economy succeed in a low carbon world? Following the commitments made at the Paris climate agreement in December 2015, the shift towards a low carbon economy, already well underway, is now

More information

The future of UK infrastructure

The future of UK infrastructure The future of UK infrastructure The new giants of UK infrastructure The UK is ahead in the global trend to make new infrastructure low carbon. We are already a world leader in offshore wind and planned

More information

Did you know that. 5. The average UK family throws away 6 trees worth of paper in their household bin a year.

Did you know that. 5. The average UK family throws away 6 trees worth of paper in their household bin a year. 20 Facts bout Waste and Recycling Did you know that 1. The UK produces more than 100 million tonnes of waste every year, one tonne is about the weight of a small car. n less than two hours, the waste we

More information

Unemployment and the circular economy in Europe. a study of opportunities in Italy, Poland and Germany

Unemployment and the circular economy in Europe. a study of opportunities in Italy, Poland and Germany Unemployment and the circular economy in Europe a study of opportunities in Italy, Poland and Germany Contents Executive summary 2 1 EU labour market challenges 3 2 The circular economy and job creation

More information

Wasted opportunities: Smarter systems for resource recovery. A report from the Circular Economy Task Force

Wasted opportunities: Smarter systems for resource recovery. A report from the Circular Economy Task Force Wasted opportunities: Smarter systems for resource recovery A report from the Circular Economy Task Force Wasted opportunities: smarter systems for resource recovery A report from the Circular Economy

More information

Benefits of reusing & recycling bulky waste

Benefits of reusing & recycling bulky waste Benefits of reusing & recycling bulky waste Introduction Reuse and recycling of bulky waste brings benefits to the local authority, the local community and the environment. Local authority benefits of

More information

Desktop computer repair: a business opportunity for re-use organisations

Desktop computer repair: a business opportunity for re-use organisations Business case Desktop computer repair: a business opportunity for re-use organisations Repair in the UK In the UK, the market for repair of electrical items has seen a general long-term decline. This has

More information

Green Alliance policy insight April 2012. What people really think about the environment. an analysis of public opinion

Green Alliance policy insight April 2012. What people really think about the environment. an analysis of public opinion Green Alliance policy insight April 2012 What people really think about the environment an analysis of public opinion 2 Green Alliance policy insight April 2012 We are living with the effects of what has

More information

HEADLINE FIGURES 2013. Considering the people in the UK in 2013 who were either women aged between 21 and 59 or men aged between 21 and 64...

HEADLINE FIGURES 2013. Considering the people in the UK in 2013 who were either women aged between 21 and 59 or men aged between 21 and 64... HEADLINE FIGURES 213 Considering the people in the UK in 213 who were either women aged between 21 and 59 or men aged between 21 and 64... 19% 6. million had no qualifications or other qualifications 38%

More information

Population Ageing in the United Kingdom, its Constituent Countries and the European Union

Population Ageing in the United Kingdom, its Constituent Countries and the European Union Population Ageing in the United Kingdom, its Constituent Countries and the European Union Coverage: International Date: 02 March 2012 Geographical Area: UK and GB Theme: Population Foreword This report

More information

Young People in the Labour Market, 2014

Young People in the Labour Market, 2014 Young People in the Labour Market, 2014 Coverage: UK Date: 05 March 2014 Geographical Area: Local Authority and County Theme: Labour Market Young People in the Labour Market The number of people aged 16

More information

An Introduction to Product Takeback

An Introduction to Product Takeback An Introduction to Product Takeback Overview Driving forces behind product takeback Product takeback legislation Product end-of-life options Reverse logistics Case study Motivation for Product Takeback

More information

The Circular Economy: A New Means of Production

The Circular Economy: A New Means of Production The Circular Economy: A New Means of Production Noah Fabie 8 April 2016 The Human Anomaly In nature, one organism s trash is truly another organism s treasure. Within a food-web, thousands of species are

More information

Circular Economy Package 2.0: Some ideas to complete the circle

Circular Economy Package 2.0: Some ideas to complete the circle Circular Economy Package 2.0: Some ideas to complete the circle March 2015 Drafted by the European Environmental Bureau (EEB) with contributions from partner organisations and EEB members We want the European

More information

Low Carbon and Environmental Goods and Services: an industry analysis. Update for 2008/09

Low Carbon and Environmental Goods and Services: an industry analysis. Update for 2008/09 Low Carbon and Environmental Goods and Services: an industry analysis Update for 2008/09 Innovas Solutions Ltd March 2010 In partnership with 1 Copyright Crown copyright, 2010 The views expressed within

More information

Fixed price repair of televisions: a business opportunity

Fixed price repair of televisions: a business opportunity Business case Fixed price repair of televisions: a business opportunity Repair in the UK In the UK, the market for repair of electrical items has seen a general long-term decline. This has been driven

More information

Waste Infrastructure Requirements for England. Centre for Environmental Policy Imperial College London

Waste Infrastructure Requirements for England. Centre for Environmental Policy Imperial College London Waste Infrastructure Requirements for England Centre for Environmental Policy Imperial College London March 2014 This page was left blank intentionally. 2 Table of Contents Abbreviations... 4 Table of

More information

Reducing your construction waste

Reducing your construction waste Guidance for small and medium sized contractors Reducing your construction waste Making simple changes can save you money and reduce the environmental impacts of construction Reduce Reuse Recycle Reduce

More information

UK application rates by country, region, sex, age and background. (2014 cycle, January deadline)

UK application rates by country, region, sex, age and background. (2014 cycle, January deadline) UK application rates by country, region, sex, age and background (2014 cycle, January deadline) UCAS Analysis and Research 31 January 2014 Key findings Application rates for 18 year olds in England, Wales

More information

Climate Change and Waste The Missing Link December 2010 Written by Jacob Gregory

Climate Change and Waste The Missing Link December 2010 Written by Jacob Gregory Climate Change and Waste The Missing Link December 2010 Written by Jacob Gregory Strategies being used to mitigate climate change in Canada are largely focused on curtailing emissions from energy production:

More information

A circular economy for smart devices Opportunities in the US, UK and India

A circular economy for smart devices Opportunities in the US, UK and India A circular economy for smart devices Opportunities in the US, UK and India Contents Summary 2 1. Introduction: good devices, bad systems 3 2. Six circular economy models 6 3. Market opportunities in the

More information

BUSINESS POPULATION ESTIMATES FOR THE UK AND REGIONS

BUSINESS POPULATION ESTIMATES FOR THE UK AND REGIONS STATISTICAL RELEASE BUSINESS POPULATION ESTIMATES FOR THE UK AND REGIONS 2013 Summary There were an estimated 4.9 million private sector businesses in the UK at the start of 2013, an increase of 102,000

More information

2. Incidence, prevalence and duration of breastfeeding

2. Incidence, prevalence and duration of breastfeeding 2. Incidence, prevalence and duration of breastfeeding Key Findings Mothers in the UK are breastfeeding their babies for longer with one in three mothers still breastfeeding at six months in 2010 compared

More information

The waste review the small business case

The waste review the small business case The waste review the small business case The business and environmental potential Minimising waste and increasing resource efficiency not only benefits the environment but also makes business sense as

More information

The Burden of Financial and Property Debt, Great Britain, 2010 to 2012

The Burden of Financial and Property Debt, Great Britain, 2010 to 2012 The Burden of Financial and Property Debt, Great Britain, 2010 to 2012 Coverage: GB Date: 27 July 2015 Geographical Area: Region Theme: Economy Theme: People and Places Foreword Using the Wealth and Assets

More information

The London Waste and Recycling Board business plan 2015-2020. November 2014. London Waste and Recycling Board 169 Union Street London SE1 0LL

The London Waste and Recycling Board business plan 2015-2020. November 2014. London Waste and Recycling Board 169 Union Street London SE1 0LL The London Waste and Recycling Board business plan 2015 2020 November 2014 London Waste and Recycling Board 169 Union Street London SE1 0LL info@lwarb.gov.uk www.lwarb.gov.uk 2015 2020 Business Plan Contents

More information

Making the Most of Forests Harvest Maximizing the Paper Fibre Cycle

Making the Most of Forests Harvest Maximizing the Paper Fibre Cycle Making the Most of Forests Harvest January 2012 Making the Most of Forests Harvest: Eliminating waste is a growing preoccupation of consumers and industries anxious to reduce their environmental footprint

More information

IT Trading UK Ltd Computer & IT Equipment Disposal Specialists

IT Trading UK Ltd Computer & IT Equipment Disposal Specialists IT Trading UK Ltd Computer & IT Equipment Disposal Specialists Unit 4A Scott's Close, Downton Business Centre, Downton, Salisbury, Wiltshire, SP5 3RA Tel: 01725 513403 Fax: 01725 513714 Email: info@it-trading.co.uk

More information

Informal Meeting of EU Environment Ministers Background document Session Green growth: greening the European Semester and the EU 2020 Strategy

Informal Meeting of EU Environment Ministers Background document Session Green growth: greening the European Semester and the EU 2020 Strategy Informal Meeting of EU Environment Ministers Background document Session Green growth: greening the European Semester and the EU 2020 Strategy 1) Introduction Milan, 16July 2014-15.00-18.00 The European

More information

Comparing the cost of alternative waste treatment options

Comparing the cost of alternative waste treatment options 1 Comparing the cost of alternative waste treatment options WRAP s (Waste and Resources Action Programme) sixth Gate Fees report summarises the gate fees charged for a range of waste treatment, recovery

More information

Grow your own. How young people can work for you. Because good people make a great business /02

Grow your own. How young people can work for you. Because good people make a great business /02 Grow your own How young people can work for you /02 Because good people make a great business If we want young people who are ready for the workplace, we need to be ready to help build their employability

More information

Environmentally Sound Management of E- waste: Emerging Issues, Challenges and Opportunities for Material Recovery and Recycling

Environmentally Sound Management of E- waste: Emerging Issues, Challenges and Opportunities for Material Recovery and Recycling Environmentally Sound Management of E- waste: Emerging Issues, Challenges and Opportunities for Material Recovery and Recycling Dr Sunil Herat Senior Lecturer in Waste Management & Project Leader Griffith

More information

Responsibility Deal between the UK, Scottish and Welsh Governments and the direct marketing sector November 2011

Responsibility Deal between the UK, Scottish and Welsh Governments and the direct marketing sector November 2011 www.defra.gov.uk Responsibility Deal between the UK, Scottish and Welsh Governments and the direct marketing sector November 2011 Crown copyright 2011 You may re-use this information (not including logos)

More information

DRAFT REPORT. EN United in diversity EN 2011/2068(INI) 10.2.2012. on a resource-efficient Europe (2011/2068(INI))

DRAFT REPORT. EN United in diversity EN 2011/2068(INI) 10.2.2012. on a resource-efficient Europe (2011/2068(INI)) EUROPEAN PARLIAMT 2009-2014 Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety 10.2.2012 2011/2068(INI) DRAFT REPORT on a resource-efficient Europe (2011/2068(INI)) Committee on the Environment,

More information

Enterprise Ireland Setting up in the UK Twitter: @EI_TheUK #GetSetUK

Enterprise Ireland Setting up in the UK Twitter: @EI_TheUK #GetSetUK Enterprise Ireland Setting up in the UK Twitter: @EI_TheUK #GetSetUK 2014 1 Access Great Britain A Guide to Doing Business in Great Britain The objective of Access: GB is to give practical and up-to-date

More information

ARID (Accelerating Reprocessing Infrastructure Development) External Programme Evaluation: Summary Report (February 2015)

ARID (Accelerating Reprocessing Infrastructure Development) External Programme Evaluation: Summary Report (February 2015) ARID (Accelerating Reprocessing Infrastructure Development) External Programme Evaluation: Summary Report (February 2015) Background ARID (Accelerating Reprocessing Infrastructure Development) was a 14

More information

Impact of the recession

Impact of the recession Regional Trends 43 21/11 Impact of the recession By Cecilia Campos, Alistair Dent, Robert Fry and Alice Reid, Office for National Statistics Abstract This report looks at the impact that the most recent

More information

Switched on to Value

Switched on to Value Switched on to Value Why extending appliance and consumer electronic product lifetimes and trading used products can benefit consumers, retailers, suppliers and the environment nce from e id v e w e n

More information

It s simple! Use less stuff = less waste produced!

It s simple! Use less stuff = less waste produced! Definition Why? Examples It s simple! Use less stuff = less waste produced! All the stuff we use can be traced back to a natural resource. Like paper napkins are produced from trees and a plastic zipper

More information

Integrated Skills in English ISE II

Integrated Skills in English ISE II Integrated Skills in English Reading & Writing exam Sample paper 4 10am 12pm Your full name: (BLOCK CAPITALS) Candidate number: Centre: Time allowed: 2 hours Instructions to candidates 1. Write your name,

More information

Organised vs Unorganised 90% of the e-waste is segregated, dismantled and recycled in the informal sector based in urban slums; 10% in organised

Organised vs Unorganised 90% of the e-waste is segregated, dismantled and recycled in the informal sector based in urban slums; 10% in organised E-Waste Waste electrical and electronic equipments (WEEE), which is intended to be discarded Household appliances, electrical and electronic tools, consumer electronics, IT & telecommunication equipment

More information

UK application rates by country, region, constituency, sex, age and background. (2015 cycle, January deadline)

UK application rates by country, region, constituency, sex, age and background. (2015 cycle, January deadline) UK application rates by country, region, constituency, sex, age and background () UCAS Analysis and Research 30 January 2015 Key findings JANUARY DEADLINE APPLICATION RATES PROVIDE THE FIRST RELIABLE INDICATION

More information

Site waste it s criminal A simple guide to Site Waste Management Plans

Site waste it s criminal A simple guide to Site Waste Management Plans Site waste it s criminal A simple guide to Site Waste Management Plans Introduction 10m tonnes of construction products are wasted every year, at a cost of 1.5 billion Much of this site waste is harmful

More information

Reinvigorating Right to Buy and One for One Replacement. Information for Local Authorities

Reinvigorating Right to Buy and One for One Replacement. Information for Local Authorities Reinvigorating Right to Buy and One for One Replacement Information for Local Authorities Reinvigorating Right to Buy and One for One Replacement Information for Local Authorities March 2012 Department

More information

Self-employed workers in the UK - 2014

Self-employed workers in the UK - 2014 Self-employed workers in the UK - 2014 Coverage: UK Date: 20 August 2014 Geographical Area: Local Authority Theme: Economy Theme: Labour Market Key Points Self-employment higher than at any point over

More information

Climate change, justice and vulnerability

Climate change, justice and vulnerability Climate change, justice and vulnerability November 2011 Findings Informing change Climate change is expected to increase the frequency and intensity of extreme weather-related events in the UK, such as

More information

Low Carbon and Renewable Energy Economy 2014, First Estimates

Low Carbon and Renewable Energy Economy 2014, First Estimates Low Carbon and Renewable Energy Economy 2014, First Estimates Coverage: UK Date: 09 December 2015 Geographical Area: UK Theme: Agriculture and Environment Main points This bulletin presents first estimates

More information

1 The Work Programme. The Work Programme

1 The Work Programme. The Work Programme 1 The Work Programme The Work Programme 2 The Work Programme Introduction The Work Programme is a major new payment-for-results welfare-to-work programme that launched throughout Great Britain in June

More information

A housing stock fit for the future: Making home energy efficiency a national infrastructure priority

A housing stock fit for the future: Making home energy efficiency a national infrastructure priority A housing stock fit for the future: Making home energy efficiency a national infrastructure priority The benefits of home energy efficiency Reduce carbon emissions Energy efficiency can reduce carbon emissions

More information

CABINET 26 JULY 2011 PROCUREMENT OF LONG TERM WASTE TREATMENT FACILITIES REPORT OF THE DIRECTOR OF ENVIRONMENT AND TRANSPORT

CABINET 26 JULY 2011 PROCUREMENT OF LONG TERM WASTE TREATMENT FACILITIES REPORT OF THE DIRECTOR OF ENVIRONMENT AND TRANSPORT K CABINET 26 JULY 2011 PROCUREMENT OF LONG TERM WASTE TREATMENT FACILITIES REPORT OF THE DIRECTOR OF ENVIRONMENT AND TRANSPORT Purpose of Report PART A 1. The purpose of this report is to seek Member approval

More information

Waste watchers - Classroom solid waste/recycling audit

Waste watchers - Classroom solid waste/recycling audit Waste watchers - Classroom solid waste/recycling audit TEACHER GUIDE Students will explore the connection between waste reduction, recycling and climate change. They will observe the current recycling

More information

Develop the first portfolio of 1000 circular retail products

Develop the first portfolio of 1000 circular retail products Kingfisher Develop the first portfolio of 1000 circular retail products Kingfisher is working closely with the Ellen MacArthur Foundation in three key business areas: Researching, developing and implementing

More information

TRADE UNION MEMBERSHIP 2012. Statistical Bulletin MAY 2013

TRADE UNION MEMBERSHIP 2012. Statistical Bulletin MAY 2013 TRADE UNION MEMBERSHIP 2012 Statistical Bulletin MAY 2013 Contents Correction... 3 Introduction... 4 Key findings... 6 1. Long Term Trends... 7 2. Private and Public Sectors... 8 3. Personal and job characteristics...11

More information

Your guide to recycling all things electrical

Your guide to recycling all things electrical Your guide to recycling all things electrical 02 03 Contents Introduction................................................ 4 WEEE The Facts........................................... 5 What Do The WEEE

More information

TRADE UNION MEMBERSHIP 2013. Statistical Bulletin MAY 2014

TRADE UNION MEMBERSHIP 2013. Statistical Bulletin MAY 2014 TRADE UNION MEMBERSHIP 2013 Statistical Bulletin MAY 2014 Contents Contents... 2 Introduction... 3 Key findings... 5 1. Long Term Trends... 5 2. Private and Public Sectors... 6 3. Personal and job characteristics...

More information

DO NOT WRITE ANY ANSWERS IN THIS SOURCE BOOKLET. YOU MUST ANSWER THE QUESTIONS IN THE PROVIDED ANSWER BOOKLET.

DO NOT WRITE ANY ANSWERS IN THIS SOURCE BOOKLET. YOU MUST ANSWER THE QUESTIONS IN THE PROVIDED ANSWER BOOKLET. SPECIMEN MATERIAL AS ECONOMICS 713/2 Paper 2 The national economy in a global context Source booklet DO NOT WRITE ANY ANSWERS IN THIS SOURCE BOOKLET. YOU MUST ANSWER THE QUESTIONS IN THE PROVIDED ANSWER

More information

Characteristics of Individual Insolvencies Including Bankruptcies, England and Wales, 2011

Characteristics of Individual Insolvencies Including Bankruptcies, England and Wales, 2011 Characteristics of Individual Insolvencies Including Bankruptcies, England and Wales, 2011 Author Name(s): Phil Humby, Office for National Statistics Abstract This article from the Office for National

More information

Post Office Numbers BRIEFING PAPER. By Chris Watson. Number CBP02585, 9 October 2015

Post Office Numbers BRIEFING PAPER. By Chris Watson. Number CBP02585, 9 October 2015 BRIEFING PAPER Number CBP02585, 9 October 2015 Post Office Numbers By Chris Watson Inside: 1. Overall network size 2. Post Office by type and region 3. Discontinuity in post office network statistics in

More information

Source Separation of Waste

Source Separation of Waste WASTE AUTHORITY Source Separation of Waste Position Statement january 2014 >(:;, (( ;66.66+ ;6 >(:;, FOREWORD 1 THE WASTE AUTHORITY POSITION STATEMENT ON Source Separation of Waste January 2014

More information

ATTITUDES OF EUROPEANS TOWARDS WASTE MANAGEMENT AND RESOURCE EFFICIENCY

ATTITUDES OF EUROPEANS TOWARDS WASTE MANAGEMENT AND RESOURCE EFFICIENCY Flash Eurobarometer ATTITUDES OF EUROPEANS TOWARDS WASTE MANAGEMENT AND RESOURCE EFFICIENCY REPORT Fieldwork: December 0 Publication: June 0 This survey has been requested by the European Commission, Directorate-General

More information

Paris 2015 Getting a global agreement on climate change

Paris 2015 Getting a global agreement on climate change Paris 2015 Getting a global agreement on climate change Paris 2015: getting a global agreement on climate change A report by Christian Aid, Green Alliance, Greenpeace, RSPB, and WWF Lead author: Rebecca

More information

Private Sector Employment Indicator, Quarter 1 2015 (February 2015 to April 2015)

Private Sector Employment Indicator, Quarter 1 2015 (February 2015 to April 2015) STATISTICAL RELEASE Date: 14 July 2015 Status: Experimental Official Statistics Coverage: England; Regions Private Sector Employment Indicator, Quarter 1 2015 (February 2015 to April 2015) 1. Introduction

More information

Dental Care Professionals Pay Findings from the Dental Business Trends survey

Dental Care Professionals Pay Findings from the Dental Business Trends survey BDA RESEARCH FINDINGS 8 December 2013 Dental Care Professionals Pay Findings from the Dental Business Trends survey British Dental Association 64 Wimpole Street London W1G 8YS Author Henry Edwards, Research

More information

EEB contribution to the Consultation on the Review of the European Waste Management Targets

EEB contribution to the Consultation on the Review of the European Waste Management Targets EEB contribution to the Consultation on the Review of the European Waste Management Targets http://www.wastetargetsreview.eu/section.php/4/1/consultation; 1. Waste Framework Directive 1.1 Key Issues A

More information

Regional characteristics of foreignborn people living in the United Kingdom

Regional characteristics of foreignborn people living in the United Kingdom Regional characteristics of foreignborn people living in the United Kingdom By Alice Reid and Caroline Miller, Office for National Statistics Abstract This article examines the characteristics of foreign-born

More information

HOW MUCH MONEY DO YOU THINK YOU'LL SPEND OVER CHRISTMAS ON EACH OF THE FOLLOWING ITEMS COMPARED WITH LAST YEAR? FOOD TOTAL

HOW MUCH MONEY DO YOU THINK YOU'LL SPEND OVER CHRISTMAS ON EACH OF THE FOLLOWING ITEMS COMPARED WITH LAST YEAR? FOOD TOTAL 31 OCT 2012 8 Nov 2012 979 people in Great Britain aged 15+ Number of people by Age 15 24 25 34 35 44 45 54 55 64 65+ Lower than Total @95% confidence 161 135 145 140 173 225 Higher than Total @95% confidence

More information

Annual household waste summary data tables are also available to download in Excel format here.

Annual household waste summary data tables are also available to download in Excel format here. Household waste Summary data 2014 This release shows the 2014 calendar year summary of household waste data generated and managed by or on behalf of Local Authorities in Scotland. This is the first publication

More information

Economic Growth Potential of More Circular Economies

Economic Growth Potential of More Circular Economies Economic Growth Potential of More Circular Economies The report outlines how a growing circular economy can deliver economic benefits such as job creation, lower unemployment and increased productivity

More information

Advanced metering for SMEs

Advanced metering for SMEs Advanced metering for SMEs Carbon and cost savings Executive Summary The Carbon Trust would like to thank everyone who has contributed to this report, either through direct involvement in the trial, general

More information

Statistical Bulletin. Business Demography, 2010. Headlines figures. Summary

Statistical Bulletin. Business Demography, 2010. Headlines figures. Summary Statistical Bulletin Business Demography, 2010 Coverage: UK Date: 06 December 2011 Geographical Area: Local Authority and County Theme: Business and Energy Headlines figures Number of business deaths rose

More information

Poverty among ethnic groups

Poverty among ethnic groups Poverty among ethnic groups how and why does it differ? Peter Kenway and Guy Palmer, New Policy Institute www.jrf.org.uk Contents Introduction and summary 3 1 Poverty rates by ethnic group 9 1 In low income

More information

Procurement requirements for reducing waste and using resources efficiently

Procurement requirements for reducing waste and using resources efficiently Guidance for building and civil engineering projects Procurement requirements for reducing waste and using resources efficiently Model procurement wording for clients and contractors to cut waste on construction

More information

Government Review of Waste Policy in England 2011

Government Review of Waste Policy in England 2011 Government Review of Waste Policy in England 2011 Contents 1 Contents Ministerial Foreword 2 Principal Commitments 4 Executive Summary 5 The Case for Action 10 Vision 10 The Waste Hierarchy 10 Principal

More information

Creative Industries: Focus on Employment. June 2014

Creative Industries: Focus on Employment. June 2014 : Focus on Employment June 2014 27/06/2014 : Focus on Employment These estimates are Official Statistics and have been produced to the standards set out in the Code of Practice for Official Statistics

More information

Equity release consumers: who are they and why do they use the products?

Equity release consumers: who are they and why do they use the products? Briefings No 02 May 2013 Work Stream 3: Equity release consumers BRIEFINGS Equity release consumers: who are they and why do they use the products? Equity release products have been available in the UK

More information

Main Report: The Burden of Property Debt in Great Britain, 2006/08 & 2008/10

Main Report: The Burden of Property Debt in Great Britain, 2006/08 & 2008/10 Main Report: The Burden of Property Debt in Great Britain, 2006/08 & 2008/10 Coverage: England and Wales Date: 13 May 2013 Geographical Area: Region Theme: Economy Key Points This release focuses on the

More information

ECONOMIC GROWTH POTENTIAL OF MORE CIRCULAR ECONOMIES

ECONOMIC GROWTH POTENTIAL OF MORE CIRCULAR ECONOMIES ECONOMIC GROWTH POTENTIAL OF MORE CIRCULAR ECONOMIES CONTACT Peter Mitchell and Keith James Contact name: Peter Mitchell Organisation: WRAP Postal address: Second Floor, Blenheim Court, 19 George Street,

More information

Research and Development funding for science and technology in the UK

Research and Development funding for science and technology in the UK MEMORANDUM FOR THE HOUSE OF COMMONS SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY COMMITTEE JUNE 2013 Cross-government Research and Development funding for science and technology in the UK Our vision is to help the nation spend

More information

FIRST-TIME BUYERS ALMOST 10% BETTER OFF BUYING THAN RENTING

FIRST-TIME BUYERS ALMOST 10% BETTER OFF BUYING THAN RENTING NOT FOR BROADCAST OR PUBLICATION BEFORE 00.01 HRS ON SATURDAY 14 FEBRUARY 2015 FIRST-TIME BUYERS ALMOST 10% BETTER OFF BUYING THAN RENTING The Halifax Buying vs. Renting Review tracks the costs of buying

More information

ICT Remanufacturing in the European B2B market. Questions + Answers. www.bitkom.org

ICT Remanufacturing in the European B2B market. Questions + Answers. www.bitkom.org ICT Remanufacturing in the European B2B market www.bitkom.org 2 ICT Remanufacturing in the European B2B market Global ICT»Original Equipment Manufacturers«(OEMs) are actively engaged in the effective reuse

More information

Social Return on Investment

Social Return on Investment Social Return on Investment Case study - London Borough September 2014 Overview The Social Value Act is transforming public sector procurement. Business needs to embrace this opportunity and use it to

More information

Direct Marketing Material waste prevention

Direct Marketing Material waste prevention Direct Marketing Material waste prevention Report on industry performance Full Year 2009 Report for DEFRA By Royal Mail and the Direct Marketing Association Authors: Chris Edwards (Royal Mail), Matthew

More information

Rainwater Harvesting

Rainwater Harvesting Rainwater Harvesting With climate change now a reality rather than a speculated possibility, the demand on water resources has gone up, whilst the amount of water available for supply has gone down. Forth

More information

Wednesday 30 January 2013 Afternoon

Wednesday 30 January 2013 Afternoon Wednesday 30 January 2013 Afternoon GCSE DESIGN AND TECHNOLOGY Resistant Materials A562/01 Sustainable Design *A528690113* Candidates answer on the Question Paper. OCR supplied materials: None Other materials

More information

Collection of carpet tiles from businesses for re-use

Collection of carpet tiles from businesses for re-use Collection of non-clothing textiles case study: Carpet tile collection Collection of carpet tiles from businesses for re-use Social enterprise, Greenstream Flooring, collects carpet tiles for resale through

More information

Guide to using Prepayment Meters for Gas and Electricity

Guide to using Prepayment Meters for Gas and Electricity Guide to using Prepayment Meters for Gas and Electricity Contents Introduction Page 2 Moving into a new property Page 3 How to Pages 4 9 Standing Charges Page 10 Economy 7 meters Page 11 Useful Contact

More information

June Waste Data Overview

June Waste Data Overview June 2011 Waste Data Overview Contents FIGURES AND TABLES... 3 A: INTRODUCTION:... 4 B: TOTAL WASTE GENERATION & MANAGEMENT:... 6 B1: UK... 6 B2: England... 7 C: THE WASTE SECTORS:... 10 C1: Construction

More information

Exchange as a closed loop alternative to traditional repair of tablet computers

Exchange as a closed loop alternative to traditional repair of tablet computers Business case Exchange as a closed loop alternative to traditional repair of tablet computers Repair in the UK In the UK, the market for repair of electrical items has seen a general long-term decline.

More information

Cost of a Deposit Return Reverse Vending Machine

Cost of a Deposit Return Reverse Vending Machine Cost of a Deposit Return Reverse Vending Machine I work for a technology company and have been installing Reverse Vending Machines throughout the Globe for over 30 years. It is wonderful that Zero Waste

More information

Breast cancer and travel insurance Factsheet. This factsheet suggests some points to bear in mind when you are looking for travel insurance.

Breast cancer and travel insurance Factsheet. This factsheet suggests some points to bear in mind when you are looking for travel insurance. Breast cancer and travel insurance Factsheet This factsheet suggests some points to bear in mind when you are looking for travel insurance. 02 Introduction Breast cancer and travel insurance 03 Some people

More information

CASH SAVING BEATS ECO CONCERNS AS MAIN REASON TO GREEN YOUR HOME

CASH SAVING BEATS ECO CONCERNS AS MAIN REASON TO GREEN YOUR HOME Press Release CASH SAVING BEATS ECO CONCERNS AS MAIN REASON TO GREEN YOUR HOME Saving money is now our main motivation for carrying out green home improvements ahead of concerns for the environment. One

More information

Baseline Upper range Output ( m 2009) 57,700 82,960 GVA ( m 2009) 27,900 40,540 Job years of employment 617,780 893,340 Wages ( m 2009) 13,980 20,090

Baseline Upper range Output ( m 2009) 57,700 82,960 GVA ( m 2009) 27,900 40,540 Job years of employment 617,780 893,340 Wages ( m 2009) 13,980 20,090 Neil McCullough Associate Director Oxford Economics * Neil McCullough is an Associate Director in Oxford Economics Cities and Regions consultancy team. With over 12 years of experience, ranging from leading

More information

Metering. Overview. Market

Metering. Overview. Market Metering Overview The term metering encompasses a wide range of products: residential utility meters are prolific examples, as are the many commercial sector installations which range from small units,

More information

Waste Collection Consultation. Frequently Asked Questions

Waste Collection Consultation. Frequently Asked Questions Why are we consulting? Waste Collection Consultation Frequently Asked Questions The current Household Waste & Recycling collection service contract expires in 2017. The Council recognises the improvements

More information

19th Commission meeting, 19 June 2013. WORKING DOCUMENT of the Commission for the Environment, Climate Change and Energy

19th Commission meeting, 19 June 2013. WORKING DOCUMENT of the Commission for the Environment, Climate Change and Energy 19th Commission meeting, 19 June 2013 ENVE-V-036 WORKING DOCUMENT of the Commission for the Environment, Climate Change and Energy OPINION ON THE GREEN PAPER ON A EUROPEAN STRATEGY ON PLASTIC WASTE IN

More information

Frequently asked questions about Student Finance from September 2012

Frequently asked questions about Student Finance from September 2012 Frequently asked questions about Student Finance from September 2012 Who is this document for? Unless otherwise specified, details of the student finance package described in this document relate only

More information

new challenges and how its delivery can be improved in order to maximise its impact in the future.

new challenges and how its delivery can be improved in order to maximise its impact in the future. Contribution of the Kent, Greater Essex and East Sussex Local Enterprise Partnership to the consultation on the conclusions of the Fifth Cohesion Report on Economic, social and territorial cohesion: the

More information

REDUCE RE-USE RECYCLE DISPOSAL. What is waste?

REDUCE RE-USE RECYCLE DISPOSAL. What is waste? What is waste? Waste is any material that gets thrown away because we consider it to be useless. The used paper, plastic bags, tyres, bottles and cans that end up in landfills or on our streets are all

More information

Code for Sustainable Homes and SAP ratings. Statistical Release

Code for Sustainable Homes and SAP ratings. Statistical Release Code for Sustainable Homes and Energy Performance of Buildings: Cumulative and Quarterly Data for England, Wales and Northern Ireland up to end of September 2011 Contents Code for Sustainable Homes and

More information