Please answer True/ False to the following statements.

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1 NAME PERIOD DATE #correct Please answer True/ False to the following statements. 1. The aesthetic center of interest is located directly in the middle of the format. 2. Green, yellow and red are the primary colors. 3. The color wheel is another way of showing the Chromatic scale. 4. A contour line is a single line that describes the outside edge of the object. 5. A shape is flat and 2-dimensional. 6. Yellow-green is an intermediate color. 7. The secondary colors are green, orange and violet. 8. Negative space is the area you would call the background. 10. Color Theory can be broken down into 3 groups. 11. Texture is an element of design. 12. There are 10 principles of good design. 13. Rhythm between shapes or objects helps create directional movement. 15. The focal point, or an area of emphasis are two very different things in design theory. 16. Value refers to dark and light. 18. Asymmetrical balance is also called informal balance. 19. Black and white are in the chromatic scale. 20. Color is not an element of design. Please fill in the blank spaces with a word that makes the sentence true. 21. When making a gradation with pencil you should use a motion with your pencil. 23. The lines of a contour drawing can be drawn and. 24. The element of refers to 3-dimensional objects. 25. When there is an area in a composition that is special or dominant, it is called the area of. 26. A gradation from one color to another color when using colored pencils can be achieved by one color lightly over and into the other. 29. The Primary Color Triad is,, and. 30. In color theory, and are not considered colors.

2 31. The of gray show the change from White to Black. 32. When you add Black to a color it is called a. 33. When you add White to a color it is called a. 35. When you add black and white to one color, it is called a scale. 38. movement leads your eye through the format into the area of emphasis. ===================================================================================== Please write True or False in the space provided for the following statements. 1. Line can show direction. 2. Size and Proportion mean the same thing. 3. Rhythm can show directional movement. 4. The Elements of design combine to produce the principles of design. 5. Value refers to dark and light. 6. A focal point is the same thing as a center of interest. 7. The Primary colors are made by mixing the secondaries with the tertiaries. 8. Blue is a Primary color. 9. Yellow orange is a tertiary color. 10.The Secondary colors are orange, violet and green. 11. The color wheel shows all the colors in the chromatic scale. 12. Blue Green is an Intermediate. 13. Complementary pairs are located directly across from each other on the color wheel. 14. Intensity refers to brightness and dullness in colors. 16. Not every color has a complement. 17. Yellow and violet are complementary. 19. Black is the absence of color. 20. You can add black and yellow to make tones of gray. 21. A monochromatic scale is one color plus black and white. 22. When you add white to a color it is called a shade of that color. 23. A Cube is a basic form

3 24. Back-shading is the negative space around forms. 25. Reflected Light is always as light as the highlight. 26. Contour drawing is one continual line that describes the outside edge of an object. 27. A line can be made thick and thin to create interest. 28. A gradation with pencil should show all the values of gray from black to white. 29. Back shading can show the edge of a form on the highlighted side. 30. A shadow can t show where the light is coming from. 31. Color theory can be broken down to three properties or groups. 32. White is the presence of all color. 33. Green is next to Yellow on the color wheel. 34. All colors are the same value. 35. Highlights show where the light hits an object directly. Please fill in the missing word so that the sentence is true. 36. Value is the amount of and in a composition. 37. The Element of refers to surface quality rough or smooth. 38. If there are too many dark areas on just one side of the composition it is said to be out of. 39. When shapes, lines, values, lead the eye through the format it is called movement. 40. The outside dimension of the paper or board of a work of art is called the. 41. Another name for color is or. 42. The closer lines are to each other, the they will appear. 43. Name two tertiary colors; and. 44. Each complementary pair has a warm color and a color. 46. A shape is and a form is - dimensional. 47. Name three basic forms;,,. 49. In pen and ink we learned Cross- style of drawing.

4 Match the names of the areas on the forms with the letters. 51. Highlight 52. Cast-Shadow 53. Reflected Light 54. Mid-tones 55. Shadow Edges ======================================================================================= Color Theory Test - Complete consist of 3 unique colors, red-yellow-blue. are produced from the mixing of one primary color with another. These colors are created when mixing one secondary and one primary color. i.e. blue + violet = blueviolet. Hue Undiluted colors. The true colors of the spectrum. Saturation Brightness of a color. Value Lightness and darkness of a color. True or False Shade A color with the presence of white. Lighter shade of a color. Pink is a tint of red. Tint A color with the presence of black. Darker shade of a color. Navy is a shade of blue. Pattern is repetition of an element of art (i.e., shapes, lines, or colors) to achieve decoration or ornamentation. Analogous Colors Colors opposite in the color wheel Complementary pairs are located directly across from each other on the color wheel. White is the mix of all colors Sculpture is any three-dimensional form created as an artistic expression Charcoal is burnt wood.

5 ELEMENTS OF DESIGN TEST 1- is a self contained defined area of geometric or organic form. A positive in a painting automatically creates a negative 2- all lines have direction - Horizontal, Vertical or Oblique. Horizontal suggests calmness, stability and tranquility. Vertical gives a feeling of balance, formality and alertness. Oblique suggests movement and action. 3- is simply the relationship of the area occupied by one shape to that of another. 4- Also called Hue. Primary color, secondary color, tertiary color. 5- can be considered in two ways. The linear marks made with a pen or brush or the edge created when two shapes meet. Line Shape Direction Size Texture Color - Value ONE POINT PERSPECTIVE 1. The apparent intersection of the earth and sky as seen by an observer 2. The point in linear perspective at which all imaginary lines end. 3. The point at which parallel lines receding from an observer seem to converge. The point at which a thing disappears or ceases to exist. 4. The lines that make up the sides of an object in a perspective drawing that relate directly back to the vanishing point. 5. Parallel to or in the plane of the horizon. 6. Being or situated at right angles to the horizon; upright - Horizon Line - Horizontal - Vertical - Perspective converge - Vanishing Point - Convergence or Orthogonal Lines The principles of design consist of: refers to a sense that everything in the artwork belongs there, and makes a whole piece. It is achieved by the use of balance and repetition. Can be either symmetrical or asymmetrical depending on if the right or left side is identical or not. Also refers to a sense that dominant focal points are balanced and don't give a feeling of being pulled too much to any part of the artwork.

6 is achieved through the sensitive balance of variety and unity. Color harmony may be achieved using complementary or analogous colors. Harmony in design is similarity or objects looking like these belong together. Harmony is when the components (objects) such as a furniture in a room share a common trait or two. A common trait could be: color(s), shape(s), texture, pattern, material, theme, style, or functionality. Harmony and unity generally make designs more visually appealing and interesting. is the occurrence of contrasting elements, such as color, value, size, etc. It creates interest and pulls the attention toward the focal point. The recurrence of elements within a piece: colors, lines, shapes, values, etc. Any element that occurs is generally echoed, often with some variation to keep interest. The use of dissimilar elements, which creates interest. Areas of interest. Guides the eye into through and out of the image through the use of sequence of various levels of focal points, primary focal point, secondary, tertiary, etc. Proportion involves the relationship of size between objects. A design must have good functionality. For example a bedroom must function well as a place to sleep and store clothing as well as looking nice. Functionality -- Proportion (Scale) -- Emphasis (Dominance, Focal Point) -- Variety (Alternation) Repetition (Rhythm, Pattern) Contrast Harmony Balance -- Unity Human Head Proportions 1. The eyes are situated approximately down the head. 2. The Head is eyes wide not including ears. 3. Ears are located from the top of to 4. The bottom of the ears dips slightly below the bottom of the 5. The length of the nose is from 6. Width of the nostrils is the same as 7. Bottom of the lips is half way from

7 Watercolor Techniques 1. painting an even solid color. 2. painting from dark to light. 3. is simply the process of applying pigment to wet paper. Paint your paper with water, then add drops or lines of color with the paint brush. 4. paint using a dry brush and little or no water. 5. This technique is simply the process of introducing a color to a wet region of the painting and allowing it to blend bleed and feather without interruption. 6. Most watercolor pigment can be dissolved and lifted off after it has dried. Removing paint from the paper using a sponge or a soft paper towel 1. Dropping in Color 2. Wet on wet 3. Wash 4. Lifting Off 5. Graduated Wash 6. Dry brush

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