DYNAMOMETER EMISSIONS TEST COMPARISONS ON A 5.9L DIRECT INJECTED DIESEL POWERED PICKUP. Jeffrey S. Taberski and Charles L.

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "DYNAMOMETER EMISSIONS TEST COMPARISONS ON A 5.9L DIRECT INJECTED DIESEL POWERED PICKUP. Jeffrey S. Taberski and Charles L."

Transcription

1 DYNAMOMETER EMISSIONS TEST COMPARISONS ON A 5.9L DIRECT INJECTED DIESEL POWERED PICKUP Jeffrey S. Taberski and Charles L. Peterson ABSTRACT A pickup truck with a 5.9 L turbo-charged and inter-cooled direct injection diesel engine was tested for regulated emissions at the Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transit Authority Emissions Testing Facility. Emissions testing was conducted using the Dynamometer Driving Schedule for Heavy Duty Vehicles (40CFR Part 86, Appendix 1, Cycle D). Emissions data generated included total hydrocarbons (HC), carbon monoxide (CO), carbon dioxide (CO& oxides of nitrogen (NOx) and particulate matter (PM). The vehicle was tested in 1995 at 5,955 km (3,700 miles) and again in 1998 at 139,466 km (86,660 miles). The test data presented in this report represents the emissions of three biodiesel fuel blends. These fuel blends were certification low-sulfur #2 diesel fuel (diesel), 100% rape ethyl ester (looree), 50% REE-50% diesel (SOREE) and 20% REE- 80% diesel (20REE). All fuels were tested with and without the vehicle catalytic converter installed. The 1995 tests resulted in reductions of HC (63%) CO (34%), NOx (10%) and no difference in CO;! and an increase in PM (34%) compared to diesel. The 1998 tests resulted in reductions in HC (62%), CO (46%), NOx (9%), no difference in C02, and increases of PM (23%) for 100% REE compared to D2. The catalytic converter had only an effect on HC and PM. Keywords: biodiesel, emissions, chassis dynamometer INTRODUCTION The Los Angeles Metropolitan Transportation Authority (LAMTA) conducts exhaust emissions tests on heavy-duty vehicles at their Emissions Testing Facility (ETF). The ETF is a state-of-the-art laboratory specifically designed and built for the purpose of collecting exhaust emissions data from heavy-duty vehicles during transient chassis dynamometer operations. Biological and Agricultural Engineering Department, University of Idaho, Moscow, ID

2 Several different biodiesel fuel blends were evaluated during the testing program. This paper reports on this cooperative transient dynamometer test of gaseous emissions using the LAMTA ETF with diesel on-road vehicles fueled with vegetable oil esters produced by the Biological and Agricultural Engineering Department at the University of Idaho. Certification low-sulfur diesel fuel was also tested to provide a baseline reference point. The test vehicle used was a 1995 Dodge 3/4 ton, four wheel drive pickup truck with a 5.9-liter turbo-charged and inter-cooled Cummins diesel engine. The first test took place at 5,955 km (3,700 mi.) and the final test took place at 139,466 km (86,660 mi.). OBJECTIVES The objectives of this experiment were: 1) Obtain emissions data for 100% REE, and 50% and 20% blends of REE with diesel control fuel. 2) Compare regulated emissions data including total hydrocarbons (HC), carbon monoxide (CO), carbon dioxide (CO& nitrogen oxides (NOx), and particulate matter (PM), for REE, REE blends, and diesel control fuel; 3) Compare emission levels for the 1995 and 1998 tests using these fuels. 4) Determine baseline emissions data on the vehicle with and without the OEM catalytic converter and to determine catalytic converter efficiency after operating for a long period of time on 1OOREE. MATERIALS AND METHODS The emissions tests were conducted at the Los Angeles Metropolitan Transit Authority (LAMTA) Emissions Testing Facility (ETF) located in Los Angeles, California. This facility has instrumentation to measure all regulated emissions: total hydrocarbons (HC), carbon monoxide (CO), carbon dioxide (CO;?), nitrogen oxides (NOx), and particulate matter (PM). The ETF provides quality assurance test results and calibrations in accordance with California Air Resources Board (CARB) quality assurance recommendations (Dunlap, 1994). The vehicle tested was a 1995 Dodge 3/4 ton, 4x4 pickup truck rated at 3900 kg (8,600 lb.) gross vehicle weight (GVW). The vehicle was powered by a 5.9 liter, turbo-charged and inter-cooled Cummins* diesel engine. The vehicle had accumulated 5,955 km (3,700 mi.) at the time of the first test and 139,466 km (86,660 mi.) at the time of the second test. The weight used for testing was 3,692 km (8,140 lb.). The vehicle was driven from Moscow, Idaho to Los Angeles, California on 100% REE fuel for testing. The engine was not modified in any way for use with the vegetable oil fuels. The fuel delivery system was modified only for convenience of changing fuels between test runs. Fuel delivery and fuel return lines were broken so that quick couplers could be installed. 2 Brand names and models are given for reference only and do not represent an endorsement by the University of Idaho. 983

3 Individual 19-liter (5-gallon) fuel tanks were modified with fuel filter and flexible lines which could be connected to the quick couplers. For the tests, the fuel filter assembly mounted on the engine was removed and replaced with an aluminum block with internal connecting ports to minimize the volume of fuel in the system when a fuel switch was made. The EPA Urban Dynamometer Driving Schedule for Heavy-Duty Vehicles was used as the test cycle for both the 1995 and 1998 tests. The EPA cycle has a total time of 1060 seconds and is shown graphically in figure Cycle Time (set) Figure 1. EPA Urban Dynamometer Driving Schedule for Heavy-Duty Vehicles. Fuels tested during both years tests included: (1) Phillips D2 low-sulfur diesel control fuel (DIESEL or D2); (2) 100% rapeseed ethyl ester (IOOREE); (3) 50% REE - 50% diesel (SOREE); (4) 20% REE - 80% diesel (20REE). The REE was produced in the Biological and Agricultural Engineering Laboratory at the University of Idaho. Fuel consumption was determined by direct weighing. The fuel containers were placed on an electric scale accurate to the nearest 0.02 pound. The weight of fuel was recorded at the start and end of each test. The test facility was scheduled for one week during which time all testing had to be completed. The fuels were tested in blocks to reduce the amount of time to change fuels and to help reduce waste fuel from line flushing. Ideally, fuels would have been randomized, but due to time and fuel constraints, this was not possible. At least 3 repetitions of each fuel blend were performed with and without the catalytic converter except for SOREE without the catalytic converter in The last repetition was omitted due to time restraints. There was one cold start with and without the catalytic converter for both 100REE and D2 in 1995 and PRESENTATION AND DISCUSSION OF RESULTS Since a large amount of data was collected, only data collected during the 1995 and 1998 emissions tests which provide comparisons will be presented in this paper. A general 984

4 overview of the 1995 test compared to the 1998 test is shown in Figure 2 through Figure 6. With the exception of PM, exhaust emissions were generally lowest with 100% REE when compared to diesel. HC emissions generally decreased as the percentage of REE was increased in the fuel blend. The mean average emissions for HC for both the 1995 and 1998 tests both with and without the catalytic converter are shown graphically in Figure 2. Hydrocarbons (HC), With Catalytic Converter W/O Catalytic Converter Percent Biodiesel in Blend Figure and 1998 data for HC for the EPA cycle and variouiblends. CO emissions decreased as the percentage of REE was increased regardless of the vehicle test configuration. In 1995, the decrease was less when increasing from SOREE to 1OOREE. CO emissions for both 1995 and 1998 tests with and without the catalytic converter are shown graphically in Figure 3. Carbon Monoxide (CO) 4 With Catalytic Converter W/O Catalytic Converter.- E E g 2.5 s 2 I l- Q $ 0.5 o Percent Biodiesel in Blend I Figure and 1998 data for CO for the EPA cycle and various blends. NO, emissions decreased as the percentage of REE was increased with the catalytic converter installed on the vehicle. However, in 1995, NO, emissions increased from the 20REE to SOREE when the vehicle was tested without the catalyst installed. NO, emissions for both 1995 and 1998 with and without the catalytic converter are shown in Figure

5 Oxides of Nitrogen (NOx), o With Catalytic Converter W/O Catalytic Converter I ii 1 I t g 2-0 o Percent Biodiesel in Blend Figure and 1998 data for NO, for the EPA cycle and various blends of diesel and REE. The percentage of REE had no significant effect on CO2 emissions. CO2 emissions for both 1995 and 1998 with and without the catalytic converter are shown graphically in Figure 5. Carbon Dioxide (C02), ooo yith Catalytic Converter W/O Catalytic Converter III 0 1 I Percent Biodiesel in Blend Figure and 1998 data for CO2 for the EPA cycle and various blends. PM emissions generally increased as the REE percent concentration was increased regardless of the vehicle test configuration. However, PM emissions were higher with the exhaust catalyst removed from the test vehicle, indicating the effect of the catalytic converter. PM emissions for both 1995 and 1998 without the catalytic converter are shown graphically in Figure

6 Particulate Matter (PM).E c g 0.2 z e 0.05 I? Percent Biodiesel in Blend I data Figure and 1998 data for PM for the EPA cycle and variouy blends. In both tests, comparisons were made between blends of rapeseed oil ethyl ester and diesel reference fuel with and without the catalytic converter. Rapid relative comparisons are provided in the tables and any desired absolute value can be found through multiplication. For clarity figures 2-6 were provided to give an overview of the data trends Emissions Data The data collected in 1995 for each of the regulated emission compounds are shown in tables 1 and 2. The results shown in the tables are for diesel reference fuel, 20% REE, 50% REE and 100% REE and are expressed in grams/mile. Table Emissions Data, EPA Cycle (with catalytic converter; gm/mile) *Numbers in the same column followed by the same letter of the alphabet are not significantly different according to Fischer s protected LSD comparison. *Numbers in the same column followed by the same letter of the alphabet are not significantly different according to Fischer s protected LSD comparison.

7 1998 Emissions Data The data collected in 1998 for each of the regulated emission compounds are shown in tables 3 and 4. The results shown in the tables are for diesel reference fuel, 20% REE, 50% REE and 100% REE and are expressed in grams/mile. *Numbers in the same column followed by the same letter of the alphabet are not significantly different according to Fischer s protected LSD comparison. Table Emissions Data, EPA Cycle (no catalytic converter; gm/mile) HC co NOx co2 PM Diesel 0.858a 3.133a 7.773a a 0.172b 20REE 0.671b 2.263b 7.553b a 0.173b SOREE 0.551c 2.030b 7.197c a 0.230a 1 OOREE 0.316d 1.733c 7.133c a 0.232a Averages *Numbers in the same column followed by the same letter of the alphabet are not significantly different according to Fischer s protected LSD comparison vs With and Without the Catalvtic Converter Tables 5 and 6 show the comparison of the 1995 and 1998 tests; the numbers shown are the ratio of 1995 divided by 1998 for the EPA cycle for all test fuels with the catalytic converter. In general, there was a significant difference between the 1995 and 1998 emissions levels for most fuels. Table 5. A Comparison of Emission Data for 1995 and 1998 (with catalytic converter) (ratio 1995/1998; a number of 1 indicates equal values each year) HC co NOx co2 PM Diesel REE * SOREE * OOREE *Numbers followed by an asterisk imply a significant difference between 1995 and 1998 for that comparison according to Fischer s protected LSD (p ~0.05). 988

8 Table 6. Comparison of Emission Data for 1995 and 1998 (without catalytic converter) (ratio 1995/1998; a number of 1 indicates equal values each year) HC co NOx co2 PM Diesel REE * SOREE 0.876* OOREE * *Numbers followed by an asterisk imply a significant difference between 1995 and 1998 for that comparison according to Fischer s protected LSD (p ~0.05). Catalvtic Converter Vs. No Catalytic Converter Tables 7 and 8 show the comparison of the 1995 and 1998 test data with and without the OEM catalytic converter for the same fuels as reported in the other tests. In general, the catalytic converter reduced HC and PM emissions, with PM emissions being most heavily affected. Table 7. Comparison of 1995 Data With and Without Catalytic Converter (ratio With Converter/Without Converter: a number of 1 indicates no charme) HC co NOx co2 PM 1 Diesel I REE * SOREE OOREE 0.857* Numbers followed by an asterisk imply a significant difference between with the catalytic converter and without the catalytic converter for that comparison according to Fischer s protected LSD (p <0.05). Table 8. Comparison of 1998 Data With and Without the Catalytic Converter (ratio With Converter/Without Converter; a number of 1 indicates no change) HC co NOx co2 PM Diesel REE * SOREE OOREE *Numbers followed by an asterisk imply a significant difference between with the catalytic converter and without the catalytic converter for that comparison according to Fischer s protected LSD (p <0.05). General Observations These data show a significant reduction in HC, CO, and NOx as percent of vegetable oil is increased and a non-significant increase in PM. These data show that HC levels for 100REE were reduced by more than 60% compared to the D2 levels and CO levels for 1OOREE were reduced by more than 50% compared to the D2 levels. The CO2 showed no significant differences for any fuel tested. NOx was generally decreased with increasing ester. PM generally increased with increasing ester in the fuel blend. 989

9 It has generally been found that the fatty acid esters increase NOx and decrease PM, however in these tests, generally speaking, the reverse was true. One might speculate that this trend is due to the fatty acid constituents of rapeseed esters tested or that it is a characteristic of this particular engine. Also, most other emissions tests involving esters used a PTO engine test cycle instead of a chassis test. Cycle differences and test condition differences between the driving cycle and the PTO cycle could possibly influence NOx formation. In either case, the results were consistent for both years of testing. The catalytic converter had a consistently significant effect on the PM and HC emissions, reducing PM by approximately 50% for 1OOREE. It is interesting to note that the OEM catalytic converter did not seem to be poisoned by the long-term use of ethyl esters in this engine. CONCLUSIONS Specific conclusions of this study are: 1. HC and CO decreased as the percentage of REE was increased. PM generally increased with increased REE and there was no statistically significant change in CO2 for any of the fuels. HC decreased nearly linearly with blend of Biodiesel, while CO had most of its decrease in the 0-50% blend range. 2. NOx decreased as the percentage of REE was increased in the fuel with the exception of the 50% REE data point in 1995 without a catalytic converter. 3. HC emissions for 1OOREE were only 36% of diesel in 1995 and 39% of diesel in 1998 with the catalytic converter installed. HC emissions for 100REE were 38% of diesel in 1995 and 37% of diesel in 1998 without the catalytic converter installed. HC emissions were slightly affected by the presence of the catalytic converter. 4. CO emissions for 100REE were only 67% of diesel in 1995 and 53% of diesel in 1998 with the catalytic converter installed. Without the catalytic converter installed, 1OOREE emissions were 65% of diesel in 1995 and 55% of diesel in CO is not significantly affected by the catalytic converter. 5. NOx emissions for 100REE were reduced to 92% of diesel in 1995 and 91% of diesel in 1998 with the catalytic converter installed. NOx emissions were reduced to 88% of diesel in 1995 and 92% of diesel in 1998 without the catalytic converter installed. 6. CO2 emissions were not significantly different for fuels tested in 1995 or 1998, but CO2 emissions were significantly different between 1995 and 1998 tests for the same fuels. 7. PM emissions for 100REE compared to diesel were increased 26% in 1995 and 11% in 1998 with the catalytic converter installed. Without the catalytic converter installed, PM emissions for 100REE were 42% higher than diesel in 1995 and 35% higher than diesel in Overall, the catalytic converter reduced PM by over 50% for 1OOREE. The catalytic converter seemed to have more effect on REE PM emissions than any other fuel s emissions. 8. Use of biodiesel for nearly 139,466 km (86,660 miles) did not have any effect on the efficiency of the catalytic converter. 990

10 9. Cold start data was limited, but it shows that HC, CO, and PM seemed to increase more for diesel cold starts than REE cold starts compared to hot starts with the same fuel. 10. Fuel use increased by 14% from 1995 to REFERENCES Dunlap, Lauren S., Vince Pellegrin, Randal Ikeda, Ray Wilson, Sylvia Stanley and Harvey Porter Chassis Dynamometer Emissions Testing Results for Diesel and Alternative-Fueled Transit Buses. SAE Technical Paper Series SAE, Warrendale, PA Dunlap, Lauren Final Report to University of Idaho for Emissions Testing Conducted on Biodiesel Fueled Pickup Truck. Los Angeles County Metropolitan Authority Emissions Testing Facility, Los Angeles CA. Transit Environmental Protection Agency Environmental Fact Sheet. EPA420-F-95- OlOa. EPA, Washington, D.C. Environmental Protection Agency Emission Standards Reference Guide for Heavy-Duty and Nonroad Engines. EPA420-F EPA, Washington, D.C. Peterson, Charles L. and Daryl L. Reece Emissions Tests with an On-Road Vehicle Fueled with Methyl and Ethyl Esters of Rapeseed Oil. ASAE Paper No , ASAE, St. Joseph, MI

Toxicology, Biodegradability and Environmental Benefits of Biodiesel

Toxicology, Biodegradability and Environmental Benefits of Biodiesel Toxicology, Biodegradability and Environmental Benefits of Biodiesel by Charles L. Peterson and Daryl Reece Professor and Engineering Technician Department of Agricultural Engineering University of Idaho

More information

A P P E N D I X E-1 R E V I S E D E M I S S I O N R E D U C T I O N S C A L C U L A T I O N M E T H O D O L O G I E S

A P P E N D I X E-1 R E V I S E D E M I S S I O N R E D U C T I O N S C A L C U L A T I O N M E T H O D O L O G I E S A P P E N D I X E-1 R E V I S E D E M I S S I O N R E D U C T I O N S C A L C U L A T I O N M E T H O D O L O G I E S Appendix E-1 Revised Emission Reductions Calculation Methodologies INTRODUCTION The

More information

Emission Facts. The amount of pollution that a vehicle emits and the rate at which

Emission Facts. The amount of pollution that a vehicle emits and the rate at which Average Annual Emissions and Fuel for Gasoline-Fueled Passenger Cars and Light Trucks The amount of pollution that a vehicle emits and the rate at which it consumes fuel are dependent on many factors.

More information

Fuel Changes Ultra Low Sulfur Diesel and Biodiesel

Fuel Changes Ultra Low Sulfur Diesel and Biodiesel Fuel Changes Ultra Low Sulfur Diesel and Biodiesel The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency s (EPA) emissions standards for diesel engines manufactured after January 1, 2007 require significant emissions

More information

Emissions pollutant from diesel, biodiesel and natural gas refuse collection vehicles in urban areas

Emissions pollutant from diesel, biodiesel and natural gas refuse collection vehicles in urban areas Emissions pollutant from diesel, biodiesel and natural gas refuse collection vehicles in urban areas José Mª López, Nuria Flores, Felipe Jiménez, Francisco Aparicio Polytechnic University of Madrid (UPM),

More information

Vehicle Emission Standards. Japan

Vehicle Emission Standards. Japan Vehicle Emission Standards Japan Japan Pre-JLEV Light-Duty Emission Standards 11 Mode Cold Start Test This chart summarizes the pre-jlev Japanese emission standards for gasoline passenger cars based on

More information

Tips for a Successful Diesel Retrofit Project

Tips for a Successful Diesel Retrofit Project Tips for a Successful Diesel Retrofit Project Tips for a Successful Diesel Retrofit Project Transportation and Climate Division Office of Transportation and Air Quality U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

More information

DEF Q&A. A. SCR is a technology that uses a urea based diesel exhaust fluid (DEF) and a

DEF Q&A. A. SCR is a technology that uses a urea based diesel exhaust fluid (DEF) and a Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) Q. What is Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR)? A. SCR is a technology that uses a urea based diesel exhaust fluid (DEF) and a catalytic converter to significantly reduce

More information

The combustion process results in emissions of volatile organic compounds (VOC), oxides of nitrogen (NO X

The combustion process results in emissions of volatile organic compounds (VOC), oxides of nitrogen (NO X Sources of Vehicle Emissions The power to move a motor vehicle comes from burning fuel in an engine. Pollution from vehicles comes from the by-products of this combustion process. In addition, volatile

More information

Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) and Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) Training Module

Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) and Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) Training Module Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) and Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) Training Module DEF SCR Training Module Welcome to the Cummins Filtration DEF SCR training module. DEF & SCR systems are key to Cummins

More information

EPA emission regulations: What they mean for diesel powered generating systems

EPA emission regulations: What they mean for diesel powered generating systems Power topic #9001 Technical information from Cummins Power Generation EPA emission regulations: What they mean for diesel powered generating systems > White paper By Aniruddha Natekar, Sales Application

More information

An overview of Euro VI for trucks over 3.5t. Brought to you by Mercedes-Benz

An overview of Euro VI for trucks over 3.5t. Brought to you by Mercedes-Benz An overview of Euro VI for trucks over 3.5t Brought to you by Mercedes-Benz Contents What is Euro VI? What is Euro VI? 01 What s different about Euro VI? 02 When do you need to think about it? 03 How is

More information

HYBRID BUSES COSTS AND BENEFITS

HYBRID BUSES COSTS AND BENEFITS HYBRID BUSES COSTS AND BENEFITS Key Facts In 2005, more than 60 percent of the 9.7 billion transit passenger trips in the United States were provided by buses, approximately 84 percent of which are powered

More information

Vehicular Emissions Reduction Programme in Ghana

Vehicular Emissions Reduction Programme in Ghana Vehicular Emissions Reduction Programme in Ghana Presented by ESI NERQUAYE-TETTEH Deputy Director EPA Introduction Presentation Outline Environment Impacts of Road Transport Programmes implemented to assess

More information

Diesel Exhaust Fluid. Diesel Exhaust Engine. and Your Tier 4 Final / EU Stage IV Cat Engine

Diesel Exhaust Fluid. Diesel Exhaust Engine. and Your Tier 4 Final / EU Stage IV Cat Engine Diesel Exhaust Fluid Diesel Exhaust and Your Cat Fluid Engine and Your Tier 4 Final / EU Stage IV Cat Engine Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) Fundamentals Beginning in 2014, non-road engine emissions

More information

Reducing Particle Emissions: the Growing Demand for Alternative Fuels. Dr. Nils-Olof Nylund VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland

Reducing Particle Emissions: the Growing Demand for Alternative Fuels. Dr. Nils-Olof Nylund VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Reducing Particle Emissions: the Growing Demand for Alternative Fuels Dr. Nils-Olof Nylund VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Outline Defining environmental performance Composition of particles Fuels

More information

COLLECTION AND COLLATION OF PERFORMANCE DATA FROM URBAN MASS TRANSIT BIODIESEL DEMONSTRATIONS

COLLECTION AND COLLATION OF PERFORMANCE DATA FROM URBAN MASS TRANSIT BIODIESEL DEMONSTRATIONS COLLECTION AND COLLATION OF PERFORMANCE DATA FROM URBAN MASS TRANSIT BIODIESEL DEMONSTRATIONS Leon G. Schumacher J. Alan Weber Steven C. Borgelt ABSTRACT Performance data has been collected from urban

More information

Population Density, Traffic Density and Nitrogen Oxides (NOx) Emission Air Pollution Density in Major Metropolitan Areas of the United States

Population Density, Traffic Density and Nitrogen Oxides (NOx) Emission Air Pollution Density in Major Metropolitan Areas of the United States Population Density, Traffic Density and Nitrogen Oxides (NOx) Emission Air Pollution Density in Major Metropolitan Areas of the United States This report summarizes the latest Environmental Protection

More information

Green Fleet Policy Ordinance

Green Fleet Policy Ordinance Green Fleet Policy Ordinance Section 1 Basis for ordinance 1. The total energy bill in for the City and/or County of was $ million and in projected to increase by percent to about $ million by. 2. Public

More information

Propane as the Alternate Fuel for Fleets

Propane as the Alternate Fuel for Fleets Propane as the Alternate Fuel for Fleets Company Profile Located in Quincy, Illinois since 1848 Fifth Generation, Family Company Nation s largest manufacturer of service, platform and utility van bodies

More information

PLATINUM GROUP METALS THE POWER TO IMPROVE LIVES

PLATINUM GROUP METALS THE POWER TO IMPROVE LIVES AUTOCATALYSTS AND PLATINUM GROUP METALS (PGMs) PLATINUM GROUP METALS THE POWER TO IMPROVE LIVES LCA FACT SHEET LCA PRIMARY PRODUCTION FACT SHEET ENVIRONMENTAL PROFILE AUTOCATALYSTS FACT SHEET SECONDARY

More information

Diesel Particulate Filter Experience on Marine Engines

Diesel Particulate Filter Experience on Marine Engines Diesel Particulate Filter Experience on Marine Engines Marine Black Carbon Workshop Ottawa, CANADA September 2014 Dr. Joe Kubsh Manufacturers of Emission Controls Association www.meca.org Diesel Particulate

More information

Understanding Tier 4 Interim (Stage IIIB) Emissions Regulations. A guide to 2012 emissions regulations and their impact

Understanding Tier 4 Interim (Stage IIIB) Emissions Regulations. A guide to 2012 emissions regulations and their impact Understanding Tier 4 Interim (Stage IIIB) Emissions Regulations A guide to 2012 emissions regulations and their impact Compliance By the mid-1990s, much of the developed world had committed to laws that

More information

Emission Facts. Greenhouse Gas Emissions from a Typical Passenger Vehicle

Emission Facts. Greenhouse Gas Emissions from a Typical Passenger Vehicle Office of Transportation and Air Quality EPA420-F-05-004 February 2005 Emission Facts Greenhouse Gas Emissions from a Typical Passenger Vehicle The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) developed

More information

HEAVY-DUTY ON-ROAD VEHICLE INSPECTION AND MAINTENANCE PROGRAM

HEAVY-DUTY ON-ROAD VEHICLE INSPECTION AND MAINTENANCE PROGRAM HEAVY-DUTY ON-ROAD VEHICLE INSPECTION AND MAINTENANCE PROGRAM I. OBJECTIVE The objective of this study is to develop, evaluate, and assess the cost-effectiveness and economic impacts of alternatives for

More information

Biodiesel Trends and Benefits for Fleets

Biodiesel Trends and Benefits for Fleets Biodiesel Trends and Benefits for Fleets What is Biodiesel? A domestic, sustainable, renewable fuel for diesel engines made from fats and oils, such as soybean oil and used cooking oil A high quality Advanced

More information

Meet Clean Diesel. Improving Energy Security. Fueling Environmental Progress. Powering the Economy

Meet Clean Diesel. Improving Energy Security. Fueling Environmental Progress. Powering the Economy Meet Clean Diesel Improving Energy Security Fueling Environmental Progress Powering the Economy What is Clean Diesel? Diesel power is cleaner and more vital to the U.S. economy than ever before. The diesel

More information

Reducing Emissions from Diesel Vehicles An essential guide on how to switch to a clean and efficient diesel fleet

Reducing Emissions from Diesel Vehicles An essential guide on how to switch to a clean and efficient diesel fleet The Fleet Operator s Guide to call 0845 602 1425 or visit www.transportenergy.org.uk Reducing Emissions from Diesel Vehicles An essential guide on how to switch to a clean and efficient diesel fleet For

More information

Cat C9 for Lightweight Heavy Duty Performance

Cat C9 for Lightweight Heavy Duty Performance Cat C9 for Lightweight Heavy Duty Performance ACERT Technology for 2007 285-425 Horsepower Reliability Dealer Repair Frequency statistics show Caterpillar heavy duty engines offer outstanding reliability

More information

Emissions from Euro 3 to Euro 6 light-duty vehicles equipped with a range of emissions control technologies

Emissions from Euro 3 to Euro 6 light-duty vehicles equipped with a range of emissions control technologies Emissions from Euro 3 to Euro 6 light-duty vehicles equipped with a range of emissions control technologies John May, Cécile Favre & Dirk Bosteels AECC, Brussels (www.aecc.eu) London, UK; 27 November 2013

More information

Proposed Local Law No. 3 Of 2015. County Of Ulster

Proposed Local Law No. 3 Of 2015. County Of Ulster BE IT ENACTED, by the Legislature of the County of Ulster, as follows: SECTION 1. LEGISLATIVE INTENT AND PURPOSE. The Ulster County Legislature finds that government must be innovative, efficient, and

More information

A Study about Particle Filter Application on a State-of-the-Art Homogeneous Turbocharged 2L DI Gasoline Engine

A Study about Particle Filter Application on a State-of-the-Art Homogeneous Turbocharged 2L DI Gasoline Engine A Study about Particle Filter Application on a State-of-the-Art Homogeneous Turbocharged 2L DI Gasoline Engine Dr. Ingo Mikulic, Hein Koelman, Steve Majkowski, Paul Vosejpka Dow Automotive Systems 19.

More information

Second Generation Bio-fuels in a Cold Climate - The Experience of Aalborg. Gustav Friis City of Aalborg

Second Generation Bio-fuels in a Cold Climate - The Experience of Aalborg. Gustav Friis City of Aalborg Second Generation Bio-fuels in a Cold Climate - The Experience of Aalborg Gustav Friis City of Aalborg Where is Aalborg? Aalborg and CIVITAS ARCHIMEDES Facts Total population 200,000 inhabitants City population

More information

Better. Where It Counts. Cummins 2013 ISB6.7 For Truck Applications.

Better. Where It Counts. Cummins 2013 ISB6.7 For Truck Applications. Better. Where It Counts. Cummins 2013 ISB6.7 For Truck Applications. Better. Where It Counts. Every Job. Every aspect of the ISB6.7 has been improved, from fuel efficiency to reliability and durability.

More information

Green Fleet Policy PURPOSE

Green Fleet Policy PURPOSE PURPOSE The purpose of this policy is to document the process for purchasing and managing the City s diverse vehicle fleet, which include both vehicles and heavy equipment, in a manner that minimizes greenhouse

More information

QUANTIFYING THE EMISSIONS BENEFIT OF OPACITY TESTING AND REPAIR OF HEAVY-DUTY DIESEL VEHICLES

QUANTIFYING THE EMISSIONS BENEFIT OF OPACITY TESTING AND REPAIR OF HEAVY-DUTY DIESEL VEHICLES QUANTIFYING THE EMISSIONS BENEFIT OF OPACITY TESTING AND REPAIR OF HEAVY-DUTY DIESEL VEHICLES Robert L. McCormick, Michael S. Graboski, Teresa L. Alleman, Javier R. Alvarez Colorado Institute for Fuels

More information

Environmental benefits with biogas buses

Environmental benefits with biogas buses Environmental benefits with biogas buses Nordic Biogas Conference Oslo, 10 12 March 2010 Nils-Olof Nylund VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland 2 Outline Introduction Gas engine technology Critical

More information

Mercedes-Benz Biodiesel Brochure

Mercedes-Benz Biodiesel Brochure Mercedes-Benz Biodiesel Brochure Contents Definitions of Bio-Based Diesel Fuel Main Quality Characteristics of Straight Biodiesel Risks from the use of Diesel Fuel Containing Biodiesel Impacts of Biodiesel

More information

Kalmar & LNG Power for Terminal Equipment. December 2004 Don Lawrence

Kalmar & LNG Power for Terminal Equipment. December 2004 Don Lawrence Kalmar & LNG Power for Terminal Equipment December 2004 Don Lawrence Kalmar s mission statement Kalmar s overriding mission is to provide solutions to make container and materials handling faster and more

More information

EFFECTS &BENEFITS LOW SULPHUR DIESEL

EFFECTS &BENEFITS LOW SULPHUR DIESEL EFFECTS &BENEFITS LOW SULPHUR DIESEL HEALTH BENEFITS Populations Some populations are more sensitive than others as follows: Children Elderly People with Heart and Lung Disease Diabetics High levels of

More information

Testing and Assessment Protocol Release 2.0. Programme Manager Dipl.-Ing. (FH) Sonja Schmidt ADAC Technik Zentrum

Testing and Assessment Protocol Release 2.0. Programme Manager Dipl.-Ing. (FH) Sonja Schmidt ADAC Technik Zentrum Testing and Assessment Protocol Release 2.0 Programme Manager Dipl.-Ing. (FH) Sonja Schmidt ADAC Technik Zentrum Contents 1 Introduction... 3 2 Testing Protocol... 3 2.1 New European Driving Cycle (NEDC)...

More information

Puget Sound Diesel Solutions Program

Puget Sound Diesel Solutions Program Working Together for Clean Air www.pscleanair.org Puget Sound Diesel Solutions Program Dave Kircher Manager, Air Resources Department Puget Sound Clean Air Agency davek@pscleanair.org www.pscleanair.org/dieselsolutions

More information

Testing of particulate emissions from positive ignition vehicles with direct fuel injection system. Technical Report 2013-09-26

Testing of particulate emissions from positive ignition vehicles with direct fuel injection system. Technical Report 2013-09-26 Testing of particulate emissions from positive ignition vehicles with direct fuel injection system -09-26 by Felix Köhler Institut für Fahrzeugtechnik und Mobilität Antrieb/Emissionen PKW/Kraftrad On behalf

More information

BUS EMISSIONS IN REAL LIFE

BUS EMISSIONS IN REAL LIFE BUS EMISSIONS IN REAL LIFE Bergen, 22.05.2012 Nils-Olof Nylund / Kimmo Erkkilä / Timo Murtonen VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland 1 Background Emission certification for heavy-duty vehicles is carried

More information

Regulatory Announcement. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is proposing

Regulatory Announcement. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is proposing EPA Proposal for More Stringent Emissions Standards for Locomotives and Marine Compression-Ignition Engines The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is proposing more stringent exhaust emission standards

More information

Understanding Tier 4 Interim and Tier 4 Final EPA regulations for generator set applications

Understanding Tier 4 Interim and Tier 4 Final EPA regulations for generator set applications Understanding Tier 4 Interim and Tier 4 Final EPA regulations for generator set applications While Tier 4 standards that begin to take effect in 2011 do not apply to generator sets used strictly for emergency

More information

Performance of Alternative Fuels at High Altitude

Performance of Alternative Fuels at High Altitude Technical Manual Performance of Alternative Fuels at High Altitude April 2012 This document was prepared by the Paul S. Sarbanes Transit in Parks Technical Assistance Center. DISCLAIMER This document is

More information

Site Identification No.: 197809AAO Application No.: 15030051

Site Identification No.: 197809AAO Application No.: 15030051 Project Summary for a Construction Permit Application from Midwest Generation for a Natural Gas Conversion Project for the Joliet Electric Generating Station Joliet, Illinois Site Identification No.: 197809AAO

More information

Sales & Marketing Natural Gas Business Development & Product Unit CNG for cleaner cities and road transport

Sales & Marketing Natural Gas Business Development & Product Unit CNG for cleaner cities and road transport Sales & Marketing CNG for cleaner cities and road transport Alfredo Martín, January 2005 Fuel evolution in city / road transportation Due to environmental and/or economic issues, the shift from liquid

More information

Methods to Find the Cost-Effectiveness of Funding Air Quality Projects

Methods to Find the Cost-Effectiveness of Funding Air Quality Projects Methods to Find the Cost-Effectiveness of Funding Air Quality Projects For Evaluating Motor Vehicle Registration Fee Projects and Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality Improvement (CMAQ) Projects Emission

More information

Table of Contents. Introduction... 3. Benefits of Autogas... 4. Fuel Safety... 9. U.S. vs. Worldwide Autogas Vehicles... 10

Table of Contents. Introduction... 3. Benefits of Autogas... 4. Fuel Safety... 9. U.S. vs. Worldwide Autogas Vehicles... 10 OVERVIEW Table of Contents Introduction... 3 Benefits of Autogas... 4 Fuel Safety... 9 U.S. vs. Worldwide Autogas Vehicles... 10 About Autogas for America... 11 AUTOGASFORAMERICA.ORG 1 Introduction STUART

More information

Commitment. Green Diesel Technology vehicles meet customers performance needs and society s demand for clean air.

Commitment. Green Diesel Technology vehicles meet customers performance needs and society s demand for clean air. Commitment Green Diesel Technology vehicles meet customers performance needs and society s demand for clean air. Leadership International leads the field in high performance diesel technology at near-zero

More information

Emission report Honda accord/cu1

Emission report Honda accord/cu1 Emission report Honda accord/cu1 Comparing emissions petrol/lpg Tested vehicle Brand: Honda Type: Accord/CU1 Model year: 2008 Motor code: R20A3 Cylinder capacity: 2000cc Fuel system: Matsushita Supplier

More information

Fuels & Lubricants The impact for tier 4

Fuels & Lubricants The impact for tier 4 Fuels & Lubricants The impact for tier 4 Dr Carl Stow, Technology, Shell Technology Centre Thornton 1 Market Drivers 2 What Drives the off-highway HDDEO Market? Market Influence: Technolog y Market Drivers

More information

Fuel Consumption and Emissions Comparisons between Ethanol 85 and Gasoline Fuels for Flexible Fuel Vehicles

Fuel Consumption and Emissions Comparisons between Ethanol 85 and Gasoline Fuels for Flexible Fuel Vehicles Ethanol 85 and Fuels for Flexible Fuel Vehicles, Paper No. 007-AWMA-444, Proceedings, 100 th Annual Meeting of the Air & Waste Management Association, Pittsburgh, PA, June 6-8, 007 Fuel Consumption and

More information

ARB s Diesel Emissions Programs

ARB s Diesel Emissions Programs ARB s Diesel Emissions Programs Green Fleets: Kicking Tires and Crunching Numbers April 7, 2008 Kathleen Mead, Manager Retrofit Implementation Section Mobile Source Control Division Presentation Outline

More information

Overview of the Heavy-Duty National Program. Need to Reduce Fuel Consumption and Greenhouse Gases from Vehicles

Overview of the Heavy-Duty National Program. Need to Reduce Fuel Consumption and Greenhouse Gases from Vehicles Submitted by United States of America Informal document WP.29-155-11 (155 th WP.29, 15-18 November 2011, agenda item 14) United States of America Environmental Protection Agency and National Highway Traffic

More information

EPA Requirements for Diesel Standby Engines In Data Centers. Bob Stelzer / CTO / Safety Power Inc. For 7x24 Fall 2014 Conference. 1.

EPA Requirements for Diesel Standby Engines In Data Centers. Bob Stelzer / CTO / Safety Power Inc. For 7x24 Fall 2014 Conference. 1. EPA Requirements for Diesel Standby Engines In Data Centers Bob Stelzer / CTO / Safety Power Inc For 7x24 Fall 2014 Conference 1.0 Introduction In order to get the Air Emissions Permit for facilities that

More information

March 2016. Biodiesel Industry Overview & Technical Update

March 2016. Biodiesel Industry Overview & Technical Update March 2016 Biodiesel Industry Overview & Technical Update 1 Topics for Today: Biodiesel Industry Overview Biodiesel Benefits Biodiesel ASTM Fuel Specifications & Quality Legislative Updates Impacting Demand

More information

Get On The Bus For Cleaner Air. Get on the Bus for Cleaner Air and Healthier Kids. An Education and Action Project of

Get On The Bus For Cleaner Air. Get on the Bus for Cleaner Air and Healthier Kids. An Education and Action Project of Get On The Bus For Cleaner Air Get on the Bus for Cleaner Air and Healthier Kids An Education and Action Project of Welcome to the Idle Reduction and Clean School Bus Curriculum Developed by the Utah Clean

More information

Biodiesel-From Field to Fuel Tank

Biodiesel-From Field to Fuel Tank Biodiesel-From Field to Fuel Tank Well, every now and then. You have to go. Out on a limb!!! This is not rocket science Using Vegetable Oil as a Fuel The concept of using vegetable oil as a fuel dates

More information

Clean Diesel versus CNG Buses: Cost, Air Quality, & Climate Impacts

Clean Diesel versus CNG Buses: Cost, Air Quality, & Climate Impacts CONCORD, MA - MANCHESTER, NH - WASHINGTON, DC 1000 ELM STREET, 2 ND FLOOR MANCHESTER, NH 03101 603-647-5746 www.mjbradley.com DATE February 22, 2012 TO FROM RE: Conrad Schneider, Clean Air Task Force Dana

More information

Emissions and fuel consumption of natural gas powered city buses versus diesel buses in realcity

Emissions and fuel consumption of natural gas powered city buses versus diesel buses in realcity Emissions and fuel consumption of natural gas powered city buses versus diesel buses in realcity traffic L. Pelkmans, D. De Keukeleere & G. Lenaers Vito Flemish Institute for Technological Research, Belgium

More information

Chapter 7. Procedure for Conducting The Test for Durability of Emission Control Systems

Chapter 7. Procedure for Conducting The Test for Durability of Emission Control Systems Chapter 7 Procedure for Conducting The Test for Durability of Emission Control Systems 1. INTRODUCTION: This Chapter details the procedures for selecting a family of engines to be tested over a service

More information

Biogas as a vehicle fuel in buses costs and greenhouse gas emissions

Biogas as a vehicle fuel in buses costs and greenhouse gas emissions Biogas as a vehicle fuel in buses costs and greenhouse gas emissions Kaunas 22.9.2009 Tuula Kajolinna and Mona Arnold VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland www.balticbiogasbus.eu 1 The aim Well to wheel

More information

CARB Executive Order Exemption Process for a Hydrogen-fueled Internal Combustion Engine Vehicle Status Report

CARB Executive Order Exemption Process for a Hydrogen-fueled Internal Combustion Engine Vehicle Status Report INL/EXT-07-13321 U.S. Department of Energy FreedomCAR & Vehicle Technologies Program CARB Executive Order Exemption Process for a Hydrogen-fueled Internal Combustion Engine Vehicle Status Report John Fleming

More information

DISPLACEMENT. DD13 Engine RV Model Liters. lb-ft Torque. Horsepower

DISPLACEMENT. DD13 Engine RV Model Liters. lb-ft Torque. Horsepower DD13 Engine RV Model 500 Horsepower 1650 lb-ft Torque DISPLACEMENT 12.8 Liters DETROIT ENGINES: DETROIT IS RECOGniZED AS AN INDUSTRY LEADER IN THE ENGINE BUSINESS. THROUGH THE YEARS, CUSTOMERS ACROSS THE

More information

Shasta County Department of Resource Management Air Quality Management District Carl Moyer Heavy-Duty Low Emission Vehicle Incentive Program

Shasta County Department of Resource Management Air Quality Management District Carl Moyer Heavy-Duty Low Emission Vehicle Incentive Program INTRODUCTION Shasta County Department of Resource Management Air Quality Management District Carl Moyer Heavy-Duty Low Emission Vehicle Incentive Program The Carl Moyer Program is designed to substantially

More information

Cobb County School District: Reducing School Bus Fleet Diesel Emissions and Idling

Cobb County School District: Reducing School Bus Fleet Diesel Emissions and Idling Cobb County School District: Reducing School Bus Fleet Diesel Emissions and Idling Chris Rome, Randall Guensler Vetri Elango, and Sara Khoeini http://transportation.ce.gatech.edu/busemissions Outline Project

More information

Exhaust emissions from vehicles with Euro 6/VI technology

Exhaust emissions from vehicles with Euro 6/VI technology Summary: Exhaust emissions from vehicles with Euro 6/VI technology TØI Report 1259/2013 Authors: Rolf Hagman and Astrid H. Amundsen Oslo 2013, 46 pages Norwegian language In several major Norwegian cities

More information

Daryl Patrishkoff, PMP Chief Executive Officer Center for Professional Studies

Daryl Patrishkoff, PMP Chief Executive Officer Center for Professional Studies Daryl Patrishkoff, PMP Chief Executive Officer Center for Professional Studies Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) ANGA ANGA consists of 30 of North America s largest natural gas companies The alliance promotes

More information

ETV Joint Verification Statement

ETV Joint Verification Statement THE ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY VERIFICATION PROGRAM U.S. Environmental Protection Agency ETV Joint Verification Statement TECHNOLOGY TYPE: ON-BOARD EMISSIONS MONITOR APPLICATION: MEASURING VEHICLE EXHAUST

More information

Clean Up Your Fleet. Introducing a practical approach to cleaner, more efficient fleet operation

Clean Up Your Fleet. Introducing a practical approach to cleaner, more efficient fleet operation Clean Up Your Fleet Introducing a practical approach to cleaner, more efficient fleet operation The value of clean fleet management Reduce air pollution from your fleet Reduce greenhouse gas emissions

More information

Engineering Fundamentals of the Internal Combustion Engine

Engineering Fundamentals of the Internal Combustion Engine Engineering Fundamentals of the Internal Combustion Engine SECOND EDITION Willard W. Pulkrabek University of Wisconsin Plattevilie PEARSON Prentice Hall Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 Preface Acknowledgments

More information

Greening Denver s s Fleet. Public Works Fleet Division Denver, Colorado

Greening Denver s s Fleet. Public Works Fleet Division Denver, Colorado Public Works Fleet Division Denver, Colorado 1 Presentation Overview The hybrid experience Alternative fuels Emissions control Fuel conservation Hazardous waste reduction - New initiatives underway 2 Support

More information

Vehicle Emissions Measurement

Vehicle Emissions Measurement Vehicle Emissions Measurement Nairobi, Kenya 1 st /04/2015 Andriannah Mbandi Stockholm Environment Institute University of York Email: andriannah.mbandi@york.ac.uk Combustion process Ambient air quality

More information

Rudolph Diesel demonstrated the diesel engine at the 1900 Worlds Fair running on Peanut Oil! In WWII, the US Government closely looked at biodiesel

Rudolph Diesel demonstrated the diesel engine at the 1900 Worlds Fair running on Peanut Oil! In WWII, the US Government closely looked at biodiesel Rudolph Diesel demonstrated the diesel engine at the 1900 Worlds Fair running on Peanut Oil! In WWII, the US Government closely looked at biodiesel as an alternative fuel in case our petroleum supply line

More information

ClimatE leaders GrEENHOUsE Gas inventory PrOtOCOl COrE module GUidaNCE

ClimatE leaders GrEENHOUsE Gas inventory PrOtOCOl COrE module GUidaNCE United States Environmental Protection Agency may 2008 EPa430-r-08-006 www.epa.gov/climateleaders Office of air and radiation ClimatE leaders GrEENHOUsE Gas inventory PrOtOCOl COrE module GUidaNCE Optional

More information

Measurement Systems for Diesel Exhaust Gas and Future Trends. Oxidation catalyst DPF Flow mete. Soft ionization mass spectrometer

Measurement Systems for Diesel Exhaust Gas and Future Trends. Oxidation catalyst DPF Flow mete. Soft ionization mass spectrometer FEATURE ARTICLE Measurement Systems for Diesel Exhaust Gas and Future Trends Ichiro Asano Direct-insertion NOx analyzer Micro-tunnel De-NOx catalyst Oxidation catalyst DPF Flow mete Engine exhaust gas

More information

Pollution by 2-Stroke Engines

Pollution by 2-Stroke Engines Pollution by 2-Stroke Engines By Engr. Aminu Jalal National Automotive Council At The Nigerian Conference on Clean Air, Clean Fuels and Vehicles, Abuja, 2-3 May 2006 Introduction to the 2-Stroke Engine

More information

Development of Current and Future Diesel After Treatment Systems

Development of Current and Future Diesel After Treatment Systems Development of Current and Future Diesel After Treatment Systems Pakorn Bovonsombat, Byung-Sun Kang, Paul Spurk, Harald Klein, Klaus Ostgathe Degussa Metals Catalysts Cerdec AG Rodenbacher Chaussee 4,

More information

ISX15 and ISX Well Servicing Applications. ISX15 (EPA 2010) 2-3 400-600 hp (298-447 kw) ISX (EPA 2007) 4-5 400-600 hp (298-447 kw)

ISX15 and ISX Well Servicing Applications. ISX15 (EPA 2010) 2-3 400-600 hp (298-447 kw) ISX (EPA 2007) 4-5 400-600 hp (298-447 kw) ISX15 and ISX Well Servicing Applications Model Pages ISX15 (EPA 2010) 2-3 400-600 hp (298-447 kw) ISX (EPA 2007) 4-5 400-600 hp (298-447 kw) Better Every Mile. ISX15 For EPA 2010. n Cooled Exhaust Gas

More information

COMPARISON OF ENGINE PERFORMANCE AND EMISSIONS

COMPARISON OF ENGINE PERFORMANCE AND EMISSIONS COMPARISON OF ENGINE PERFORMANCE AND EMISSIONS FOR PETROLEUM DIESEL FUEL, YELLOW GREASE BIODIESEL, AND SOYBEAN OIL BIODIESEL M. Canakci, J. H. Van Gerpen ABSTRACT. Biodiesel is a non toxic, biodegradable

More information

Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) Q & A

Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) Q & A Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) Q & A BULLETIN SCR: The Leading Technology to Meet 2010 Emission Regulations Q. What is Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR)? A. SCR is a technology that uses a urea based diesel

More information

City of Columbus Green Fleet Action Plan

City of Columbus Green Fleet Action Plan City of Columbus Green Fleet Action Plan 2011-2014 Department of Finance and Management Division of Fleet Management 1 City of Columbus Green Fleet Action Plan 2011-2014 Mayor Michael B. Coleman Section

More information

1. Standard conditions are 29.92 in. Hg (760 mm Hg, 14.696 psia) and 68 F (20 C).

1. Standard conditions are 29.92 in. Hg (760 mm Hg, 14.696 psia) and 68 F (20 C). INTRODUCTION Emission Monitoring Inc. DETERMINING F-FACTORS FROM GAS CHROMATOGRAPHIC ANALYSES Roger T. Shigehara Emission Monitoring Incorporated Howard F. Schiff TRC Environmental Corporation EPA Method

More information

EURO VI. Technologies & Strategies. Relatore: M.Maritati Commercial training

EURO VI. Technologies & Strategies. Relatore: M.Maritati Commercial training EURO VI Technologies & Strategies Relatore: M.Maritati Commercial training Euro VI The entering into force of the new Euro VI normative provides a stimulus for Iveco to update the engine offer pursuing

More information

Alternative to Fossil Fuel

Alternative to Fossil Fuel Alternative to Fossil Fuel Biodiesel Emissions Biodiesel Biodiesel is made from any vegetable oil such as Soya, Rice bran, Canola, Palm, Coconut, Jatropha or peanut,from any animal fat and recycled cooking

More information

4. The role of fleets and fleet managers

4. The role of fleets and fleet managers 4. The role of fleets and fleet managers 79% 5% 44% To grow by 50% by 2010 over 1998 Role of Fleets - Changing operating environment: national, local government incentives, disincentives - Economies of

More information

CAT POWER for On-Highway Performance and Fuel Economy

CAT POWER for On-Highway Performance and Fuel Economy CAT POWER for On-Highway Performance and Fuel Economy ACERT Technology for 2007 The Fuel Economy You Want. The C9 now sports expanded horsepower ratings, increased torque rating options and a Cat Compression

More information

FPT FIAT POWERTRAIN TECHNOLOGIES PRESENTS ITS ENGINE RANGE FOR CONSTRUCTION APPLICATIONS AT INTERMAT 2009

FPT FIAT POWERTRAIN TECHNOLOGIES PRESENTS ITS ENGINE RANGE FOR CONSTRUCTION APPLICATIONS AT INTERMAT 2009 FPT FIAT POWERTRAIN TECHNOLOGIES PRESENTS ITS ENGINE RANGE FOR CONSTRUCTION APPLICATIONS AT INTERMAT 2009 FPT Fiat Powertrain Technologies, is the Fiat Group Company dedicated to the research, development,

More information

POTENTIAL BIODIESEL USE IN THE NATION S SCHOOL BUS FLEET

POTENTIAL BIODIESEL USE IN THE NATION S SCHOOL BUS FLEET POTENTIAL BIODIESEL USE IN THE NATION S SCHOOL BUS FLEET Prepared for National Biodiesel Board in cooperation with the United Soybean Board Sparks Companies, Inc. July 1995 Potential Biodiesel Use in the

More information

STATE OF THE ART AND FUTURE DEVELOPMENTS IN NATURAL GAS ENGINE TECHNOLOGIES

STATE OF THE ART AND FUTURE DEVELOPMENTS IN NATURAL GAS ENGINE TECHNOLOGIES Proceedings of DEER 2003: Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction Newport, Rhode Island, August 2003 STATE OF THE ART AND FUTURE DEVELOPMENTS IN NATURAL GAS ENGINE TECHNOLOGIES Mark Dunn, Cummins Westport Inc.

More information

Trends In Automotive Exhaust Aftertreatment And Their Impact On Future PGM Demand

Trends In Automotive Exhaust Aftertreatment And Their Impact On Future PGM Demand Trends In Automotive Exhaust Aftertreatment And Their Impact On Future PGM Demand Dr. Friedemann Rohr Hongkong, November 12 th, 2012 Agenda Automotive Catalyst Basics Megatrends in Aftertreatment Legislation

More information

Cleaner Cars and Fuels

Cleaner Cars and Fuels Briefing Cleaner Cars and Fuels Introduction Advances in vehicle design and fuel quality mean cars can be made cleaner and more efficient. Lower emissions of carbon monoxide (CO), nitrogen oxides (NOx),

More information

WASTE COOKING OIL TO FUEL PROGRAM HOW TO START YOUR OWN BIODIESEL FUEL PROGRAM

WASTE COOKING OIL TO FUEL PROGRAM HOW TO START YOUR OWN BIODIESEL FUEL PROGRAM WASTE COOKING OIL TO FUEL PROGRAM HOW TO START YOUR OWN BIODIESEL FUEL PROGRAM 1 Syllabus Topic 1: Biodiesel Basics/Fuel Properties Topic 2: Overview of Biodiesel Production Using Waste Oil Topic 3: Feedstock

More information

Sustainability Report May 2013 To maintain an industry-leading approach to sustainable waste practices through reasonable and efficient management of our resources, early adoption of technology, and a

More information

Maine Department of Transportation Transportation Research

Maine Department of Transportation Transportation Research 16 State House Station Augusta, Maine 04333. Maine Department of Transportation Transportation Research..... Division..... Technical Report Experimental Trial Using Biodiesel Fuel in Heavy Fleet Vehicles

More information

Technology Implementation at the Port of Los Angeles Moving from Current to Emerging Technologies

Technology Implementation at the Port of Los Angeles Moving from Current to Emerging Technologies Technology Implementation at the Port of Los Angeles Moving from Current to Emerging Technologies Captain J. M. Holmes Deputy Executive Director Marine Technology Workshop July 30, 2010 Strong Commitment

More information

4. The role of fleets and fleet managers Role of REC?

4. The role of fleets and fleet managers Role of REC? 4. The role of fleets and fleet managers Role of REC? 79% 5% 44% To grow by 50% by 2010 over 1998 Role of Fleets - Changing operating environment: national, local government incentives, disincentives -

More information