EXTERNAL FEATURES TEACHER RESOURCE BOOKLET

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1 EXTERNAL FEATURES TEACHER RESOURCE BOOKLET Koala, Phascolarctos cinereus. Saltwater crocodile, Crocodylus porosus. Poinciana Longicorn Beetle, Agrianome spinicollis. Soldier Crab, Mictyris longicarpus. THIS BOOKLET COMPLEMENTS THE EXTERNAL FEATURES KIT WHICH CAN BE BORROWED FROM QUEENSLAND MUSEUM LOANS. Ph (07) or Images on this page: QM, CC licence 3.0, BY-NC-SA.

2 This booklet supports several topics within the Australian Science Curriculum. Year 1 The Features of Living Things Living things have a variety of external features. recognise common features of animals such as head, legs and wings describe the use of animal body parts for particular purposes such as moving and feeding identify common features of plants such as leaves and roots describe the use of plant parts for particular purposes such as making food and obtaining water The Habitats of Living Things Living things live in different places where their needs are met. Year 3 recognise that different living things live in different places such as land and water Characteristics of Living Things Living things can be grouped on the basis of observable features and can be distinguished from non-living things. recognise the range of different living things sort living and non-living things based on characteristics explore difference between living, once living and the products of living things Students are encouraged to handle the objects in External Features kit under teacher supervision. The text and images in this booklet are under Creative Commons licences. All text is under a BY-NC-SA licence and images are licensed as marked. CREATIVE COMMONS LICENCE ELEMENTS Attribution (BY) You must credit the creator, the title and the licence the work is under. For more information on how to attribute a work, see the How to Attribute Creative Commons Material guide, Non-commercial (NC) No Derivative Works (ND) Share Alike (SA) Any use of the work must be for non-commercial purposes only. This means file sharing, educational use and film festivals are all permissible, but advertising and for-profit uses are not. Only verbatim copies of the work may be used. In other words, you can t change the work in any way. You need to get extra permission if you want to crop a photo, edit text, or use a song in a film. Basically, any remixing is not permissible. Any new work produced using this material must be made available under the same terms. So if you do remix a work, you have to release your new work under the same licence. e.g. Attribution-Share Alike has to stay Attribution-Share Alike. This booklet was developed by: Adriana Bauer Senior Project Officer (Biodiversity) Strategic Learning Queensland Museum External Features booklet, Queensland Museum,

3 MATCHING ACTIVITY Match the covering with the correct animal. Draw a line from the type of covering on the left to the animal on the right. Covering Animal Feathers Reptiles (e.g. snakes and lizards) Image: Sami Sieranoja, BY. Image: QM, BY-NC-SA. Fur or hair Amphibians (e.g. frogs and toads) Image: QM, BY-NC-SA. Image: QM, BY-NC-SA. Dry, scaly skin Birds Image: Francisco Martins, BY-NC. Image: Dan Carter, BY-NC-SA. Moist scaly skin, fins Image: Leo Reynolds, BY-NC-SA. Mammals (e.g. koalas, wallabies) Image: Lisa Brown, BY-NC. Smooth, moist slimy skin Image: QM, BY-NC-SA. External Features booklet, Queensland Museum, Image: QM, BY-NC-SA. Fish Image: Taras Kalapun, BY. 2

4 ANIMAL COVERINGS ACTIVITY Look and feel the animal coverings in the kit. Write one or two words to describe each. Koala Animal Look and Feel of Covering Crocodile Turtle Echidna Snake Cassowary All images: QM, BY-NC-SA. External Features booklet, Queensland Museum,

5 Crab Animal Look and Feel of Covering Snail Coral Barnacle Sea Urchin Cicada All images: QM, BY-NC-SA. External Features booklet, Queensland Museum,

6 ANIMAL HABITATS ACTIVITY Decide where you think each animal lives. Does it live mainly on land or in water? Put a tick in the correct column. Fish Animal Image of Animal Lives on Land Lives in Water Koala Crocodile Turtle Echidna All images: QM, BY-NC-SA. External Features booklet, Queensland Museum,

7 ANIMAL HABITATS ACTIVITY Decide where you think each animal lives. Does it live mainly on land or in water? Put a tick in the correct column. Animal Image of Animal Lives on Land Snake Lives in Water Cassowary Crab Snail Coral All images: QM, BY-NC-SA. External Features booklet, Queensland Museum,

8 ANIMAL PARTS ACTIVITY Use a hand lens to examine one of the animals in the resin blocks. Collect small invertebrates from your school yard. Draw one of these animals. Label parts like its head, legs and wings. Colour in the parts of the animal that help it to MOVE. Use a red colour. Colour in the parts of the animal that help it to FEED. Use a green colour. External Features booklet, Queensland Museum,

9 USE OF BODY PARTS ACTIVITY Animals have special parts that help them to move and eat. Use a RED pencil to circle the parts of the animal that help it to FEED. Use a BLUE pencil to circle the parts of the animal that help it to MOVE. If you know the name of these parts, then label these parts. Image of Cassowary: Brian Giesen, CC licence, BY. All other images: QM, BY-NC-SA. External Features booklet, Queensland Museum,

10 Look at the laminated plants in the kit. PLANT PARTS ACTIVITY Draw a picture of a flowering plant in the space below Label the LEAVES and the ROOTS and the FLOWER Colour in the parts of the plant that make FOOD. Use a GREEN pencil Colour in the parts of the plant that draw up WATER and MINERALS for the plant. Use a BROWN pencil Colour in the parts of the plant that make BUDS and SEEDS. Use a RED pencil External Features booklet, Queensland Museum,

11 Animal Mullet SORTING ANIMALS ACTIVITY Is it a Fish, Amphibian, Reptile, Bird, Mammal, Insect or other Why do you think so? Koala Crocodile Turtle Echidna Snake Cassowary Crab External Features booklet, Queensland Museum,

12 Animal Wombat Is it an Amphibian, Reptile, Mammal, Bird, Insect or other Why do you think so? Snail Coral Barnacle Cricket Beetle Sea Urchin Cicada External Features booklet, Queensland Museum,

13 OTHER SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES COLLECTION OF OBJECTS The following is a list of objects that can be used for the following activities. Objects in the External Features QM Loans kit can be used also. tadpoles mosquito larvae (wrigglers) pets such as guinea pigs, budgerigars etcetera silkworms stick insects/grasshoppers/beetles/butterflies/moths large, shiny leaf thick succulent leaf e.g. cactus leaf leaf with lots of hairs on it piece of granite/basalt/sandstone/conglomerate/pumice plastic milk bottle top garden snail garden lizard or skink hair paper fingernail clippings plant in a pot-plant lump of coal pencil apple/orange pottery mug water Discuss with students the characteristics of living things such as growing, moving, responding to stimuli (light, heat, food, water, touch), and reproducing. 1. Present students with a collection of objects and ask the students to group the objects into (a) living (b) non-living and never alive (c) non-living but once alive. 2. Ask students to classify the objects in this collection as plant; animal; rock; man-made material. 3. For each organism in the collection (a) identify its type of body covering; colour; any legs or appendages it has (b) note any similarities or differences between the objects (c) identify the habitat in which the organism lives and why it may live there (d) suggest how the animals move; which would move the fastest; which have a backbone (e) discuss the organism s means of survival or defence External Features booklet, Queensland Museum,

14 4. Spot the Difference Activity. Ask students to list the similarities and differences between (a) aquatic plants and land plants (b) aquatic animals and land animals 5. Grouping Activity: (a) by texture ask students to use descriptive words as the basis for their grouping (b) by specific properties e.g. those with legs and those without; those that are rough, smooth, shiny, feathery, or woolly etcetera; those that float and those that sink 6. What am I? Activity. A student tries to identify a specific object in the list by asking questions of which there is only a Yes or No answer. For example, Does my object have legs? Scales? Two eyes? 7. Celebrity Heads Activity. Three students sit out at the front of the classroom. The name of an organism from the collection is written on a piece of paper and attached with sticky tape to the blackboard behind the students heads so they cannot see the name of their organism. They ask questions of the class to help them to identify the organism but there can only be a Yes or No answer. If their answer is Yes they keep on asking questions. If there is a No answer, then the next student in the queue gets a chance to ask a question. The winner is the first student who identifies their organism correctly. 8. Teacher Clues Activity. A student thinks of an object, whispers it to the teacher who then gives the class clues or properties about the object and the class has to guess. Alternatively the class could ask questions and the teacher can only give Yes or No answers. 9. Outside Activities. (a) visit a farm; animal sanctuary; seashore; or freshwater creek to observe and draw a range of animals for classification back at school. Return the animals to their habitats after use (b) collect insects under stones or the bark of fallen trees in the school grounds (c) go on a nature walk or visit a botanical gardens to note differences between plants and animals in different habitats (d) set up a bird feeding station in your school grounds External Features booklet, Queensland Museum,

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