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1 Riverbed Technology, Inc. 199 Fremont Street San Francisco, CA Phone Fax Tech Note #042 Product: Profiler Version: 8 Date: 2/04/10 Cascade Profiler GUI Data Dictionary Introduction This document describes the base set of fields available in the Cascade Profiler version GUI. It describes what data obtained from other systems are available for display to the Profiler GUI users. Exclusions This document does not include: All derived formats of data For example, client and server are defined within a flow, in summaries, and defined within this document. However, you can view all peers associated with a host for a given time period. The term peers is not defined here because it is derived from other data (clients and servers associated with the host). Items defined in vulnerability management reports These are available as part of the user documentation or client API definitions for the third-party vulnerability management systems manufacturers. Data received from Cascade-defined external links. Definitions for items defined on the Profiler itself For example, the Profiler s IP Address, DNS Server, NTP Server, Status, serial number, etc. These items are described in the user guide. Definitions for items within Cascade-generated event data Exceptions to this are data obtained from flow record, identity, and SNMP sources that are also available elsewhere on the system. Data stored on a Sensor that is not sent to the Profiler. Items that are not displayed to the GUI. GUI data item definitions The table on the pages that follow defines the data available from the Profiler GUI, excluding the items explained above. Data source definitions follow the table Riverbed Technology, Inc.

2 Data Item Description Data Source Example A Connection Information (Stored and displayed as Flow Data or summarized in tables, graphs, charts, etc.) A.1 Start Time Time, displayed in local time but stored in UTC, that individual flow started. Jan 26, :26 AM A.2 End Time Time, displayed in local time but stored in UTC, that individual flow ended. Jan 29, :46 PM A.3 Client IP Address or DNS Name of Client-side Host A.4 Client Port Layer-4 port number of flow used by client A.5 Server IP Address or DNS Name of Server-side Host And DNS Query A.6 Server Port Layer-4 port number of flow used by client A.7 Traffic volume (cli -> svr) Traffic from client to server during a flow. (This can be displayed in bits, bytes, Can be displayed per flow or summarized as or packets.) average, total, or peak ; or jsmithe.abccorp.com 1025 MailServer.abccorp.com; or ,760,368 A.8 LAN Traffic (This can be displayed in bits, bytes, packets, or application payload bytes.) Traffic measured on the LAN side of a WAN optimization device at a specified site.. Can be displayed as average, total, or peak. A.9 Application Traffic Measurements exclude protocol headers and retransmissions to provide indication of how much useful application data is being transferred. Application traffic can be reported by bidirectional, client-to-server, server-toclient, transmit or receive directions. A.10 LAN Application Traffic Application traffic measured on the LAN side of a WAN optimization device. Can be displayed as average, total, or peak. 3,256 1,356,857 4, Riverbed Technology, Inc.

3 Data Item Description Data Source Example A.11 WAN Traffic (This can be displayed in bits, bytes, packets, or application payload bytes.) Traffic measured on the WAN side of a WAN optimization device at a specified site. Can be displayed as average, total, or peak. Indicates that the measurement was made on the WAN NetFlow data from a Steelhead Appliance 3,587,129 A.12 WAN Application Traffic (This can be displayed in bits, bytes, packets, or application payload bytes.) side of a WAN optimization device Application traffic measured on the WAN side of a WAN optimization device. Can be displayed as average, total, or peak. A.13 Total Hosts Total number of hosts monitored within a time frame. A.14 Flags (cli -> svr) Specifies which flags where used by client during a TCP session. S= SYN Flag P = Push Flag A = Ack Flag R = Reset Flag F = FIN Flag U = Urgent Pointer Significant C = Congestion Window Reduced E = ECN Echo A.15 Traffic volume (svr->cli) (This can be displayed in bits, bytes, or packets.) Traffic from server to client during flow. Can be displayed per flow or summarized as average, total, or peak. NetFlow data from a Steelhead Appliance 2,329, SPA 2,760,368 A.16 Flags (svr->cli) Specifies which flags where used by server during a TCP session. S= SYN Flag P = Push Flag A = Ack Flag R = Reset Flag F = FIN Flag U = Urgent Pointer Significant C = Congestion Window Reduced E = ECN Echo A.17 Protocol Specifies which IP Protocol (e.g. UDP, TCP, ICMP, OSPF, etc.) was used during the flow. SPA TCP Riverbed Technology, Inc.

4 Data Item Description Data Source Example A.18 Application Applications are identified by either Layer 7 fingerprints or Layer 4 mappings. Packeteer Flow Detail Records Cisco NBAR for Layer 4 mapping TELNET A.19 Client/Server MAC Layer 2 MAC Address of client and/or server DHCP Integration 00:1A:6B:3A:E3:BB A.20 Client/Server Switch Info Physical port location of Client/Server including switch and physical port. Physical port is translated from an Object ID to a Name via SNMP integration. SNMP Integration A.21 Client/Server Interface Name Routed path of flow, including ingress/egress interface designation. Interface translated from Object ID to Name via optional SNMP integration A.22 Connection Counts Can be displayed as average, total, or peak. Calculated from number of flow records using Common Flow Formats and/or Cascade Flow as input. A.23 New Connections Number of new connections made within the time frame of a report. Can be displayed as average, total, or peak. A.24 Connection Duration The length of time, from the first packet to the last packet, that a connection being measured is active. A.25 Bandwidth Reduction The percentage by which the traffic load was reduced as a result of WAN optimization. Reported for average, total, and peak for bits, bytes, packets, connections, and utilization. A.26 Reset Connections (Cli->Svr), (Svr->Cli), or transmit and receive directions A.27 Retransmissions (Cli->Svr), (Svr->Cli), or transmit and receive directions Number of reset connections: Separate counters for each direction Number of bits, bytes, or packets retransmitted. Separate counters for each direction. Also displayed as a percent of total traffic. se-sensor1:mon1 coresw01:gigabitethernet2/5 GigabitEthernet3/14 ClosetA:FastEthernet3/ NetFlow data from a Steelhead appliance Additive number of Resets reported for a given conversation and direction Additive number of retransmissions during the duration specified for the session and direction Riverbed Technology, Inc.

5 Data Item Description Data Source Example A.28 RTT Time it takes for a TCP session establishment between client and server. Displayed as average or peak. Measured during TCP session establishment. Cascade Sensor or Sensor-VE required for nonoptimized traffic. Optimized traffic also requires a Steelhead 10 ms A.29 Response Time Time is takes from the beginning of a TCP session until the sever begins to return data. Displayed as average or peak. A.30 Server Delay Time is takes for the server to respond with data after TCP session establishment. Displayed as average or peak. A.31 QoS Class The name of the Quality of Service. If no name has been assigned, then this is the decimal value of the Differentiated Services Code Point (DSCP). B Identity Data B.1 User Name Name as stored in Identity system (able to associate with IP Address). running RiOS version 6. Measured during TCP session establishment and first data. Requires Cascade Sensor or Sensor-VE. Measurement during TCP session establishment and first data. Requires Cascade Sensor or Sensor-VE. Identity Integration 50 ms 40 ms 00:Default chris.smith B.2 Identity Domain Name Domain name associated with user. Identity Integration riverbed.com B.3 Host IP Address and name of host associated with Identity Integration (servera) user login or failed event. B.5 Identity Information Source Domain controller or intermediary server providing login event. Identity Integration B.6 Time Time stamp of User Identity event. Identity Integration Jan :24:55 PM B.7 Status Specifies whether or not the log in was Identity Integration logged in successful by displaying either logged in or failed. C Interface Data C.1 Status Displays status on whether flows are currently being received for given interface or device. Green=Yes, Black=Device Down or not sending flows, Yellow=No flows for interface or device for the last five minutes, Red=Data received indicates interface utilization>95% SNMP Riverbed Technology, Inc.

6 Data Item Description Data Source Example C.2 Device Address IP Address of device sending flow C.3 Device Hostname Host name of device DNS Query Core-router1 C.4 Interface Index Interface Index Number 17 C.5 Interface Name Name of Interface (may be VLAN, routed SNMP from Interface Index GigabitEthernet3/14 interface name, etc.) derived from taking Interface Index obtained from flow records and using SNMP to query device C.6 Interface MAC MAC address of interface SNMP from Interface Index 00:0d:28:28:90:fa C.7 Interface Type Type of interface SNMP from Interface Index ethernetcsmacd C.8 MTU MTU size of interface SNMP from Interface Index Ethernet CSMA/CD RFC3635 C.9 Speed (bps) Speed of interface SNMP from Interface Index C.10 Inbound Traffic (bps) Traffic volume inbound for interface SNMP from Interface Index 155,587 C.11 Outbound Traffic (bps) Traffic volume outbound for interface SNMP from Interface Index 1,824,123 C.12 Utilization Percent utilization in transmit or receive directions or bidirectional. Reported for average or peak for optimized and nonoptimized traffic. D Other Data D.1 Port Name Translated on system based upon protocol, port and port definitions Derived using traffic volume and speed of interface Derived from flow data 23% tcp/22 (ssh) Riverbed Technology, Inc.

7 Data source descriptions Data received from NetFlow, sflow, cflow, Packeteer FDR, etc. Cascade Sensor Flow Data Data received from a Sensor or Sensor-VE Data received from a Steelhead running RiOS version 6 FDR Flow Detail Records received from Packeteer NBAR Cisco NBAR SNMP Data received via SNMP query to a switch or router Identity Integration Data received from Active Directory domain controller security logs DNS Query Data derived by querying DNS server DHCP Integration Data received with integration with DHCP server (pulling lease logs) Data Item Names For simplicity, the table of GUI data item definitions above aggregates similar data items under general titles. These titles are not all the actual names that appear as headings on the many columns available for display on the GUI. The actual column names are as follows: % Reset Conns % Reset Conns (cli > srv) % Reset Conns (Rx) % Reset Conns (srv > cli) % Reset Conns (Tx) % Retrans Bytes % Retrans Bytes (cli > srv) % Retrans Bytes (Rx) % Retrans Bytes (srv > cli) % Retrans Bytes (Tx) % Retrans Packets % Retrans Packets (cli > srv) % Retrans Packets (Rx) % Retrans Packets (srv > cli) % Retrans Packets (Tx) % Reduct Avg Bytes % Reduct Avg Conns % Reduct Avg Packets % Reduct Avg Util % Reduct Peak Bytes % Reduct Peak Conns % Reduct Peak Packets % Reduct Peak Util % Reduct Total Bytes % Reduct Total Conns % Reduct Total Packets Actions taken AD Source Alert Level Analytic Analytic Category Application Avg % Util Avg % Util (Rx) Avg % Util (Tx) Avg Active Conns/s Avg App Bytes/s Avg App Bytes/s (cli > srv) Avg App Bytes/s (Rx) Avg App Bytes/s (srv > cli) Avg App Bytes/s (Tx) Avg App Bytes/s per Conn Avg App Bytes/s per Conn (cli > srv) Avg App Bytes/s per Conn (Rx) Avg App Bytes/s per Conn (srv > cli) Avg App Bytes/s per Conn (Tx) Avg Bytes/s Avg Bytes/s (cli > srv) Avg Bytes/s (Rx) Avg Bytes/s (srv > cli) Avg Bytes/s (Tx) Avg Bytes/s per Conn Avg Bytes/s per Conn (cli > srv) Avg Bytes/s per Conn (Rx) Avg Bytes/s per Conn (srv > cli) Avg Bytes/s per Conn (Tx) Riverbed Technology, Inc.

8 Avg Conn Duration Avg Eff. Net. RTT (ms) Avg LAN % Util Avg LAN App Bytes/s Avg LAN App Bytes/s per Conn Avg LAN Bytes/s Avg LAN Bytes/s per Conn Avg LAN Packets/s Avg Net. RTT (ms) Avg New Conns/s Avg Packets/s Avg Packets/s (cli > srv) Avg Packets/s (Rx) Avg Packets/s (srv > cli) Avg Packets/s (Tx) Avg Reset Conns/s Avg Reset Conns/s (cli > srv) Avg Reset Conns/s (Rx) Avg Reset Conns/s (srv > cli) Avg Reset Conns/s (Tx) Avg Resp. Time (ms) Avg Retrans Bytes/s Avg Retrans Bytes/s (cli > srv) Avg Retrans Bytes/s (Rx) Avg Retrans Bytes/s (srv > cli) Avg Retrans Bytes/s (Tx) Avg Retrans Packets/s Avg Retrans Packets/s (cli > srv) Avg Retrans Packets/s (Rx) Avg Retrans Packets/s (srv > cli) Avg Retrans Packets/s (Tx) Avg Server Delay (ms) Avg WAN % Util Avg WAN App Bytes/s Avg WAN App Bytes/s per Conn Avg WAN Bytes/s Avg WAN Bytes/s per Conn Avg WAN Packets/s Client Client Group Client Group ID Client IP Client MAC Client Switch Info Client Switch IP Info Date Created Description Description (ifalias) Destination Destination IP Destination MAC Device Device IP Domain DSCP Dst Description (ifalias) Dst Interface Dst Interface IP Duration End Time Event Count Event ID First Seen Group Group ID Group Pair Group Pair Port Host Host IP Host Pair Port Host Pair(srv cli)(srv cli) Host Switch Info Host Switch IP Info Interface Interface Group Name Interface IP Interface QoS IP MAC IP MAC Pair IP MAC Pair Port Logged In MAC Mitigation Plan MTU Name Name (ifdescr) Network RTT Speedup On Going Peak % Util Peak % Util (Rx) Peak % Util (Tx) Peak Active Conns/s Peak App Bytes/s Peak App Bytes/s (cli > srv) Riverbed Technology, Inc.

9 Peak App Bytes/s (Rx) Peak App Bytes/s (srv > cli) Peak App Bytes/s (Tx) Peak App Bytes/s per Conn Peak App Bytes/s per Conn (cli > srv) Peak App Bytes/s per Conn (Rx) Peak App Bytes/s per Conn (srv > cli) Peak App Bytes/s per Conn (Tx) Peak Bytes/s Peak Bytes/s (cli > srv) Peak Bytes/s (Rx) Peak Bytes/s (srv > cli) Peak Bytes/s (Tx) Peak Bytes/s per Conn Peak Bytes/s per Conn (cli > srv) Peak Bytes/s per Conn (Rx) Peak Bytes/s per Conn (srv > cli) Peak Bytes/s per Conn (Tx) Peak Conn Duration Peak LAN % Util Peak LAN App Bytes/s Peak LAN App Bytes/s per Conn Peak LAN Bytes/s Peak LAN Bytes/s per Conn Peak LAN Packets/s Peak Net. RTT (ms) Peak New Conns/s Peak Packets/s Peak Packets/s (cli > srv) Peak Packets/s (Rx) Peak Packets/s (srv > cli) Peak Packets/s (Tx) Peak Reset Conns/s Peak Reset Conns/s (cli > srv) Peak Reset Conns/s (Rx) Peak Reset Conns/s (srv > cli) Peak Reset Conns/s (Tx) Peak Resp. Time (ms) Peak Retrans Bytes/s Peak Retrans Bytes/s (cli > srv) Peak Retrans Bytes/s (Rx) Peak Retrans Bytes/s (srv > cli) Peak Retrans Bytes/s (Tx) Peak Retrans Packets/s Peak Retrans Packets/s (cli > srv) Peak Retrans Packets/s (Rx) Peak Retrans Packets/s (srv > cli) Peak Retrans Packets/s (Tx) Peak Server Delay (ms) Peak WAN % Util Peak WAN App Bytes/s Peak WAN App Bytes/s per Conn Peak WAN Bytes/s Peak WAN Bytes/s per Conn Peak WAN Packets/s Policy Port Port # Port Group Port Name Port Application Port Application QoS Protocol QoS Reduct Total Bytes Segment Server Server Group Server Group ID Server IP Server MAC Server Switch Info Server Switch IP Info Severity Source Source IP Source MAC Src Description (ifalias) Src Interface Src Interface IP Start Time Summary Time Time offset Total Active Conns Total App Bytes Total App Bytes (cli > srv) Total App Bytes (Rx) Total App Bytes (srv > cli) Total App Bytes (Tx) Total Bytes Total Bytes (cli > srv) Total Bytes (Rx) Total Bytes (srv > cli) Riverbed Technology, Inc.

10 Total Bytes (Tx) Total Hosts Total LAN App Bytes Total LAN Bytes Total LAN Packets Total New Conns Total Packets Total Packets (cli > srv) Total Packets (Rx) Total Packets (srv > cli) Total Packets (Tx) Total Reset Conns Total Reset Conns (cli > srv) Total Reset Conns (Rx) Total Reset Conns (srv > cli) Total Reset Conns (Tx) Total Retrans Bytes Total Retrans Bytes (cli > srv) Total Retrans Bytes (Rx) Total Retrans Bytes (srv > cli) Total Retrans Bytes (Tx) Total Retrans Packets Total Retrans Packets (cli > srv) Total Retrans Packets (Rx) Total Retrans Packets (srv > cli) Total Retrans Packets (Tx) Total WAN App Bytes Total WAN Bytes Total WAN Packets Type Description Type Name Unique hosts User For Additional Information If you have questions or need additional information, please contact Riverbed Support at: Country/ Region Toll Number Global Riverbed Support Country/ Region Toll Free Number Australia ( RVBD.TAC) China ( RVBD.TAC) Germany ( RVBD.TAC) Hong Kong ( RVBD.TAC) United Kingdom ( RVBD.TAC) United States RVBD-TAC ( ) Riverbed Technology, Inc.

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