Moles review. 9. Which substance has the greatest molecular mass?


 Wendy Baldwin
 1 years ago
 Views:
Transcription
1 Name: ate: 1. What is the grammolecular mass of a compound if 5 moles of the compound has a mass of 100 grams?. 5 g. 20 g. 100 g. 500 g 2. Which quantity is equivalent to 39 grams of LiF?. 1.0 mole. 2.0 moles mole. 1.5 moles 3. What is the mass in grams of 1.00 mole of O 2 gas? The gram molecular mass of a 3 (PO 4 ) 2 is. 246 g. 279 g. 310 g. 342 g 5. What is the total number of moles contained in 115 grams of 2 H 5 OH? What is the total mass in grams of 0.75 mole of SO 2?. 16 g. 24 g. 32 g. 48 g 7. What is the total mass of atoms of helium gas? 9. Which substance has the greatest molecular mass?. H 2 O 2. NO. F 4. I What is the gram formula mass of a 3 (PO 4 ) 2?. 196 g. 214 g. 245 g g 11. ase your answer(s) to the following question(s) on the information and equation below. ntacids can be used to neutralize excess stomach acid. rand antacid contains the acidneutralizing agent magnesium hydroxide, Mg(OH) 2. It reacts with Hl(aq) in the stomach, according to the following balanced equation: 2Hl(aq) + Mg(OH) 2 (s) Mgl 2 (aq) + 2H 2 O(l) In the space below, show a correct numerical setup for calculating the number of moles of Mg(OH) 2 (gramformula mass = 58.3 grams/mole) in an 8.40gram sample. 12. ase your answer(s) to the following question(s) Gypsum is a mineral that is used in the construction industry to make drywall (sheetrock). The chemical formula for this hydrated compound is aso 4 2H 2 O. hydrated compound contains water molecules within its crystalline structure. Gypsum contains 2 moles of water for each 1 mole of calcium sulfate. What is the gram formula mass of aso 4 2H 2 O? g g g g 8. What is the gram molecular mass of 1 mole of 3 H 5 (OH) 3?. 48 g. 58 g. 74 g. 92 g page 1
2 13. ase your answer(s) to the following question(s) The decomposition of sodium azide, NaN 3 (s), is used to inflate airbags. On impact, the NaN 3 (s) is ignited by an electrical spark, producing N 2 (g) and Na(s). The N 2 (g) inflates the airbag. What is the total number of moles present in a 52.0gram sample of NaN 3 (s) (gramformula mass = 65.0 gram/mole)? 18. The total number of molecules in 34.0 grams of NH 3 is equal to What is the total number of moles of oxygen atoms in 1 mole of N 2 O 3? 14. The molar mass of a(oh) 2 is g g g g 15. What is the total number of atoms in 1.0 mole of O 2? Which sample of O 2 contains a total of molecules at STP? moles moles grams grams 17. What is the total number of molecules in 1.0 mole of l 2 (g)? Given the reaction: a + 2H 2 O a(oh) 2 + H 2. How many moles of H 2 O are needed to exactly react with 2.0 moles of a? In the reaction N 2 + 3H 2 2NH 3, how many grams of H 2 are needed to produce exactly 1 mole of ammonia?. 1 g. 2 g. 3 g. 4 g 22. Given the reaction: 2NaOH + H 2 SO 4 Na 2 SO 4 + 2H 2 O What is the total number of moles of NaOH needed to react completely with 2 moles of H 2 SO 4? The maximum number of grams of potassium that can be obtained from 100 grams of KHO 3 is g g g. 100 g page 2
3 24. In the reaction Fe 2 O 3 + 3O 2Fe + 3O 2, what is the total number of moles of O used to produce 112 grams of iron? 28. Which pair of formulas represents the empirical formula and the molecular formula of a compound? Given the reaction: Mg + 2Hl Mgl 2 + H 2 What is the total number of grams of Mg consumed when 0.50 mole of H 2 is produced?. 6.0 g. 12 g. 3.0 g. 24 g. H 2 O, 4 H 6 O 4. HO, 6 H 12 O 6. H 4, 5 H 12. H 2, 3 H Which represents both an empirical and a molecular formula?. P 2 O 5. N 2 O 4. 3 H 6. 6 H 12 O ase your answer(s) to the following question(s) on the information below, which describes the smelting of iron ore, and on your knowledge of chemistry. In the smelting of iron ore, Fe 2 O 3 is reduced in a blast furnace at high temperature by a reaction with carbon monoxide. rushed limestone, ao 3, is also added to the mixture to remove impurities in the ore. The carbon monoxide is formed by the oxidation of carbon (coke), as shown in the reaction below: 2 + O 2 2O + energy Liquid iron flows from the bottom of the blast furnace and is processed into different alloys of iron. alance the equation for the reaction of Fe 2 O 3 and O below, using the smallest wholenumber coefficients. 30. Which is an empirical formula?. 4 H 8. 2 H 2. H 2 O. H 2 O What is the empirical formula of a compound whose composition by mass is 50% sulfur and 50% oxygen?. SO. SO 2. SO 3. S 2 O What is the ratio by mass of sulfur to oxygen in SO 2?. 1 : 1. 1 : 2. 1 : 3. 1 : In a sample of solid a(no 3 ) 2, the ratio of barium ions to nitrate ions is Fe 2 O 3 + O Fe +. O 2 1 : 1. 1 : 2. 1 : 3. 1 : Given the balanced equation: 4l(s) + 3O 2 (g) 2l 2 O 3 (s) What is the total number of moles of O 2 (g) that must react completely with 8.0 moles of l(s) in order to form l 2 O 3 (s)? 34. Which is an empirical formula?. H 2 O 2. H 2 O. 2 H 2. 3 H 6 page 3
4 35. The graph shows the data collected during the heating of a 5.0 gram sample of a hydrated salt. Use the graph for the following problems. Mass of Salt (g) Heating Time (min) fter 60 minutes, how many grams of water appear to remain in the salt? What is the percent by mass of water present in 1.0 mole of aso 4 2H 2 O?. 10%. 12%. 21%. 79% 37. What is the percent composition by mass of sulfur in the compound MgSO 4 (gramformula mass = 120. grams per mole)?. 20.%. 27%. 46%. 53% 39. ase your answer(s) to the following question(s) Litharge, PbO, is an ore that can be roasted (heated) in the presence of carbon monoxide, O, to produce elemental lead. The reaction that takes place during this roasting process is represented by the balanced equation below. PbO(s) + O(g) Pb(l) + O 2 (g) alculate the percent composition by mass of oxygen in litharge (gramformula mass = grams per mole). Your response must include both a numerical setup and the calculated result. 40. The graph shows the data collected during the heating of a 5.0 gram sample of a hydrated salt. Use the graph for the following problems. Mass of Salt (g) Heating Time (min) What is the percent of water in the original sample? 38. What is the total number of moles of oxygen atoms present in 1 mole of Mg(lO 3 ) 2?. 82%. 60%. 30%. 40% page 4
5 cces format version c Educide Software Licensed for use by Problemttic Moles review 02/20/ mol oefficients are g/mol 223.2g/mol 100
1. P 2 O 5 2. P 5 O 2 3. P 10 O 4 4. P 4 O 10
Teacher: Mr. gerraputa Print Close Name: 1. A chemical formula is an expression used to represent 1. mixtures, only 3. compounds, only 2. elements, only 4. compounds and elements 2. What is the total number
More information1. What is the molecular formula of a compound with the empirical formula PO and a grammolecular mass of 284 grams?
Name: Tuesday, May 20, 2008 1. What is the molecular formula of a compound with the empirical formula PO and a grammolecular mass of 284 grams? 2 5 1. P2O 5 3. P10O4 2. P5O 2 4. P4O10 2. Which substance
More informationIB Chemistry. DP Chemistry Review
DP Chemistry Review Topic 1: Quantitative chemistry 1.1 The mole concept and Avogadro s constant Assessment statement Apply the mole concept to substances. Determine the number of particles and the amount
More informationChemical Calculations: The Mole Concept and Chemical Formulas. AW Atomic weight (mass of the atom of an element) was determined by relative weights.
1 Introduction to Chemistry Atomic Weights (Definitions) Chemical Calculations: The Mole Concept and Chemical Formulas AW Atomic weight (mass of the atom of an element) was determined by relative weights.
More informationChapter 3 Stoichiometry: Calculations with Chemical Formulas and Equations
CHE11 Chapter Chapter Stoichiometry: Calculations with Chemical Formulas and Equations 1. When the following equation is balanced, the coefficients are. NH (g) + O (g) NO (g) + H O (g) (a). 1, 1, 1, 1
More informationMOLE CONVERSION PROBLEMS. 2. How many moles are present in 34 grams of Cu(OH) 2? [0.35 moles]
MOLE CONVERSION PROBLEMS 1. What is the molar mass of MgO? [40.31 g/mol] 2. How many moles are present in 34 grams of Cu(OH) 2? [0.35 moles] 3. How many moles are present in 2.5 x 10 23 molecules of CH
More informationChemical Equations & Stoichiometry
Chemical Equations & Stoichiometry Chapter Goals Balance equations for simple chemical reactions. Perform stoichiometry calculations using balanced chemical equations. Understand the meaning of the term
More informationTest 3 Formula and math of formula review. 2. The oxide of metal X has the formula XO. Which group in the Periodic Table contains metal X?
Name: Sunday, November 04, 2007 Test 3 Formula and math of formula review 1. Which is an example of a binary compound? 1. acetic acid 3. potassium hydroxide 2. nitric acid 4. potassium oxide 2. The oxide
More informationChapter 3. Stoichiometry: Ratios of Combination. Insert picture from First page of chapter. Copyright McGrawHill 2009 1
Chapter 3 Insert picture from First page of chapter Stoichiometry: Ratios of Combination Copyright McGrawHill 2009 1 3.1 Molecular and Formula Masses Molecular mass  (molecular weight) The mass in amu
More informationChem 1100 Chapter Three Study Guide Answers Outline I. Molar Mass and Moles A. Calculations of Molar Masses
Chem 1100 Chapter Three Study Guide Answers Outline I. Molar Mass and Moles A. Calculations of Molar Masses B. Calculations of moles C. Calculations of number of atoms from moles/molar masses 1. Avagadro
More informationChemistry CA 2 Practice
hemistry 2 Practice Some questions (c) 2015 by Region 10 Educational Service enter. Some questions (c) 2015 by Progress Testing. Page 2 1 Which of the following is the mass in grams of 4.25 10³ mol of
More informationCalculation of Molar Masses. Molar Mass. Solutions. Solutions
Molar Mass Molar mass = Mass in grams of one mole of any element, numerically equal to its atomic weight Molar mass of molecules can be determined from the chemical formula and molar masses of elements
More informationUnit 2: Quantities in Chemistry
Mass, Moles, & Molar Mass Relative quantities of isotopes in a natural occurring element (%) E.g. Carbon has 2 isotopes C12 and C13. Of Carbon s two isotopes, there is 98.9% C12 and 11.1% C13. Find
More informationSCH 4C1 Unit 2 Problem Set Questions taken from Frank Mustoe et all, "Chemistry 11", McGrawHill Ryerson, 2001
SCH 4C1 Unit 2 Problem Set Questions taken from Frank Mustoe et all, "Chemistry 11", McGrawHill Ryerson, 2001 1. A small pin contains 0.0178 mol of iron. How many atoms of iron are in the pin? 2. A sample
More informationOther Stoich Calculations A. mole mass (mass mole) calculations. GIVEN mol A x CE mol B. PT g A CE mol A MOLE MASS :
Chem. I Notes Ch. 12, part 2 Using Moles NOTE: Vocabulary terms are in boldface and underlined. Supporting details are in italics. 1 MOLE = 6.02 x 10 23 representative particles (representative particles
More informationChapter 5, Calculations and the Chemical Equation
1. How many iron atoms are present in one mole of iron? Ans. 6.02 1023 atoms 2. How many grams of sulfur are found in 0.150 mol of sulfur? [Use atomic weight: S, 32.06 amu] Ans. 4.81 g 3. How many moles
More informationMoles. Balanced chemical equations Molar ratios Mass Composition Empirical and Molecular Mass Predicting Quantities Equations
Moles Balanced chemical equations Molar ratios Mass Composition Empirical and Molecular Mass Predicting Quantities Equations Micro World atoms & molecules Macro World grams Atomic mass is the mass of an
More informationUnit 3 Notepack Chapter 7 Chemical Quantities Qualifier for Test
Unit 3 Notepack Chapter 7 Chemical Quantities Qualifier for Test NAME Section 7.1 The Mole: A Measurement of Matter A. What is a mole? 1. Chemistry is a quantitative science. What does this term mean?
More informationChapter 3. Chemical Reactions and Reaction Stoichiometry. Lecture Presentation. James F. Kirby Quinnipiac University Hamden, CT
Lecture Presentation Chapter 3 Chemical Reactions and Reaction James F. Kirby Quinnipiac University Hamden, CT The study of the mass relationships in chemistry Based on the Law of Conservation of Mass
More informationW1 WORKSHOP ON STOICHIOMETRY
INTRODUCTION W1 WORKSHOP ON STOICHIOMETRY These notes and exercises are designed to introduce you to the basic concepts required to understand a chemical formula or equation. Relative atomic masses of
More informationMolecular Formula: Example
Molecular Formula: Example A compound is found to contain 85.63% C and 14.37% H by mass. In another experiment its molar mass is found to be 56.1 g/mol. What is its molecular formula? 1 CHAPTER 3 Chemical
More informationChapter 3 Mass Relationships in Chemical Reactions
Chapter 3 Mass Relationships in Chemical Reactions Student: 1. An atom of bromine has a mass about four times greater than that of an atom of neon. Which choice makes the correct comparison of the relative
More informationMass and Moles of a Substance
Chapter Three Calculations with Chemical Formulas and Equations Mass and Moles of a Substance Chemistry requires a method for determining the numbers of molecules in a given mass of a substance. This allows
More informationStoichiometry. 1. The total number of moles represented by 20 grams of calcium carbonate is (1) 1; (2) 2; (3) 0.1; (4) 0.2.
Stoichiometry 1 The total number of moles represented by 20 grams of calcium carbonate is (1) 1; (2) 2; (3) 01; (4) 02 2 A 44 gram sample of a hydrate was heated until the water of hydration was driven
More informationChapter 1 The Atomic Nature of Matter
Chapter 1 The Atomic Nature of Matter 6. Substances that cannot be decomposed into two or more simpler substances by chemical means are called a. pure substances. b. compounds. c. molecules. d. elements.
More informationFormulae, stoichiometry and the mole concept
3 Formulae, stoichiometry and the mole concept Content 3.1 Symbols, Formulae and Chemical equations 3.2 Concept of Relative Mass 3.3 Mole Concept and Stoichiometry Learning Outcomes Candidates should be
More informationCalculations with Chemical Formulas and Equations
Chapter 3 Calculations with Chemical Formulas and Equations Concept Check 3.1 You have 1.5 moles of tricycles. a. How many moles of seats do you have? b. How many moles of tires do you have? c. How could
More informationChapter 3: Stoichiometry
Chapter 3: Stoichiometry Key Skills: Balance chemical equations Predict the products of simple combination, decomposition, and combustion reactions. Calculate formula weights Convert grams to moles and
More information0.786 mol carbon dioxide to grams g lithium carbonate to mol
1 2 Convert: 2.54 x 10 22 atoms of Cr to mol 4.32 mol NaCl to grams 0.786 mol carbon dioxide to grams 2.67 g lithium carbonate to mol 1.000 atom of C 12 to grams 3 Convert: 2.54 x 10 22 atoms of Cr to
More informationChemical Composition. Introductory Chemistry: A Foundation FOURTH EDITION. Atomic Masses. Atomic Masses. Atomic Masses. Chapter 8
Introductory Chemistry: A Foundation FOURTH EDITION by Steven S. Zumdahl University of Illinois Chemical Composition Chapter 8 1 2 Atomic Masses Balanced equation tells us the relative numbers of molecules
More informationPart One: Mass and Moles of Substance. Molecular Mass = sum of the Atomic Masses in a molecule
CHAPTER THREE: CALCULATIONS WITH CHEMICAL FORMULAS AND EQUATIONS Part One: Mass and Moles of Substance A. Molecular Mass and Formula Mass. (Section 3.1) 1. Just as we can talk about mass of one atom of
More information1. The compound formed between element X and oxygen has the chemical formula X. 4. Which correctly lists four atoms from smallest to largest radii?
North arolina Testing Program EO hemistry Sample Items Goal 3 1. The compound formed between element X and oxygen has the chemical formula X 2O. Which element would X most likely represent? Fe Zn 4. Which
More informationCh. 10 The Mole I. Molar Conversions
Ch. 10 The Mole I. Molar Conversions I II III IV A. What is the Mole? A counting number (like a dozen) Avogadro s number (N A ) 1 mole = 6.022 10 23 representative particles B. Mole/Particle Conversions
More informationCalculating Atoms, Ions, or Molecules Using Moles
TEKS REVIEW 8B Calculating Atoms, Ions, or Molecules Using Moles TEKS 8B READINESS Use the mole concept to calculate the number of atoms, ions, or molecules in a sample TEKS_TXT of material. Vocabulary
More informationChemical calculations
Chemical calculations Stoichiometry refers to the quantities of material which react according to a balanced chemical equation. Compounds are formed when atoms combine in fixed proportions. E.g. 2Mg +
More informationMOLES AND MOLE CALCULATIONS
35 MOLES ND MOLE CLCULTIONS INTRODUCTION The purpose of this section is to present some methods for calculating both how much of each reactant is used in a chemical reaction, and how much of each product
More informationSample Exercise 3.1 Interpreting and Balancing Chemical Equations
Sample Exercise 3.1 Interpreting and Balancing Chemical Equations The following diagram represents a chemical reaction in which the red spheres are oxygen atoms and the blue spheres are nitrogen atoms.
More informationStoichiometry. What is the atomic mass for carbon? For zinc?
Stoichiometry Atomic Mass (atomic weight) Atoms are so small, it is difficult to discuss how much they weigh in grams We use atomic mass units an atomic mass unit (AMU) is one twelfth the mass of the catbon12
More informationChemical Calculations: Formula Masses, Moles, and Chemical Equations
Chemical Calculations: Formula Masses, Moles, and Chemical Equations Atomic Mass & Formula Mass Recall from Chapter Three that the average mass of an atom of a given element can be found on the periodic
More information1. How many hydrogen atoms are in 1.00 g of hydrogen?
MOLES AND CALCULATIONS USING THE MOLE CONCEPT INTRODUCTORY TERMS A. What is an amu? 1.66 x 1024 g B. We need a conversion to the macroscopic world. 1. How many hydrogen atoms are in 1.00 g of hydrogen?
More informationCalculations with Chemical Reactions
Calculations with Chemical Reactions Calculations with chemical reactions require some background knowledge in basic chemistry concepts. Please, see the definitions from chemistry listed below: Atomic
More informationChapter 3 Stoichiometry
Chapter 3 Stoichiometry 31 Chapter 3 Stoichiometry In This Chapter As you have learned in previous chapters, much of chemistry involves using macroscopic measurements to deduce what happens between atoms
More informationCh. 6 Chemical Composition and Stoichiometry
Ch. 6 Chemical Composition and Stoichiometry The Mole Concept [6.2, 6.3] Conversions between g mol atoms [6.3, 6.4, 6.5] Mass Percent [6.6, 6.7] Empirical and Molecular Formula [6.8, 6.9] Bring your calculators!
More informationBALANCING CHEMICAL EQUATIONS
BALANCING CHEMICAL EQUATIONS The Conservation of Matter states that matter can neither be created nor destroyed, it just changes form. If this is the case then we must account for all of the atoms in a
More informationUnit 7A  The Mole. We Need to Count atoms. The Mole and Molar Mass
Unit 7A  The Mole The Mole and Molar Mass We Need to Count atoms Airbags are inflated by a chemical reaction: electrical 2 NaN 3 (s) 3 N 2 (g) + 2 Na(s) decomposition Each airbag needs the right amount
More informationThe Mole Concept. The Mole. Masses of molecules
The Mole Concept Ron Robertson r2 c:\files\courses\111020\2010 final slides for web\mole concept.docx The Mole The mole is a unit of measurement equal to 6.022 x 10 23 things (to 4 sf) just like there
More informationLiquid phase. Balance equation Moles A Stoic. coefficient. Aqueous phase
STOICHIOMETRY Objective The purpose of this exercise is to give you some practice on some Stoichiometry calculations. Discussion The molecular mass of a compound is the sum of the atomic masses of all
More informationSolution. Practice Exercise. Concept Exercise
Example Exercise 9.1 Atomic Mass and Avogadro s Number Refer to the atomic masses in the periodic table inside the front cover of this textbook. State the mass of Avogadro s number of atoms for each of
More informationChapter 4. Chemical Composition. Chapter 4 Topics H 2 S. 4.1 Mole Quantities. The Mole Scale. Molar Mass The Mass of 1 Mole
Chapter 4 Chemical Composition Chapter 4 Topics 1. Mole Quantities 2. Moles, Masses, and Particles 3. Determining Empirical Formulas 4. Chemical Composition of Solutions Copyright The McGrawHill Companies,
More informationChapter 3! Stoichiometry: Calculations with Chemical Formulas and Equations. Stoichiometry
Chapter 3! : Calculations with Chemical Formulas and Equations Anatomy of a Chemical Equation CH 4 (g) + 2O 2 (g) CO 2 (g) + 2 H 2 O (g) Anatomy of a Chemical Equation CH 4 (g) + 2 O 2 (g) CO 2 (g) + 2
More informationMole Notes.notebook. October 29, 2014
1 2 How do chemists count atoms/formula units/molecules? How do we go from the atomic scale to the scale of everyday measurements (macroscopic scale)? The gateway is the mole! But before we get to the
More informationHow much does a single atom weigh? Different elements weigh different amounts related to what makes them unique.
How much does a single atom weigh? Different elements weigh different amounts related to what makes them unique. What units do we use to define the weight of an atom? amu units of atomic weight. (atomic
More informationThe Mole Concept. A. Atomic Masses and Avogadro s Hypothesis
The Mole Concept A. Atomic Masses and Avogadro s Hypothesis 1. We have learned that compounds are made up of two or more different elements and that elements are composed of atoms. Therefore, compounds
More informationMoles, Molecules, and Grams Worksheet Answer Key
Moles, Molecules, and Grams Worksheet Answer Key 1) How many are there in 24 grams of FeF 3? 1.28 x 10 23 2) How many are there in 450 grams of Na 2 SO 4? 1.91 x 10 24 3) How many grams are there in 2.3
More informationChemical Reactions. Chemical Equations. Mole as Conversion Factor: To convert between number of particles and an equivalent number of moles:
Quantities of Reactants and Products CHAPTER 3 Chemical Reactions Stoichiometry Application of The Law of Conservation of Matter Chemical bookkeeping Chemical Equations Chemical equations: Describe proportions
More informationThe component present in larger proportion is known as solvent.
40 Engineering Chemistry and Environmental Studies 2 SOLUTIONS 2. DEFINITION OF SOLUTION, SOLVENT AND SOLUTE When a small amount of sugar (solute) is mixed with water, sugar uniformally dissolves in water
More informationName Class Date. Section: Calculating Quantities in Reactions. Complete each statement below by writing the correct term or phrase.
Skills Worksheet Concept Review Section: Calculating Quantities in Reactions Complete each statement below by writing the correct term or phrase. 1. All stoichiometric calculations involving equations
More informationChapter 6 Chemical Calculations
Chapter 6 Chemical Calculations 1 Submicroscopic Macroscopic 2 Chapter Outline 1. Formula Masses (Ch 6.1) 2. Percent Composition (supplemental material) 3. The Mole & Avogadro s Number (Ch 6.2) 4. Molar
More informationStudy Guide For Chapter 7
Name: Class: Date: ID: A Study Guide For Chapter 7 Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. The number of atoms in a mole of any pure substance
More informationCHM101A Exam 2 Version 1 October 10, 2006
CHM101A Exam 2 Version 1 1. Which of the following statements is incorrect? A. SF 4 has ¼ as many sulfur atoms as fluorine atoms. B. Ca(NO 3 ) 2 has six times as many oxygen atoms as calcium ions. C.
More informationUnit 9 Stoichiometry Notes (The Mole Continues)
Unit 9 Stoichiometry Notes (The Mole Continues) is a big word for a process that chemist s use to calculate amounts in reactions. It makes use of the coefficient ratio set up by balanced reaction equations
More information2 Stoichiometry: Chemical Arithmetic Formula Conventions (1 of 24) 2 Stoichiometry: Chemical Arithmetic Stoichiometry Terms (2 of 24)
Formula Conventions (1 of 24) Superscripts used to show the charges on ions Mg 2+ the 2 means a 2+ charge (lost 2 electrons) Subscripts used to show numbers of atoms in a formula unit H 2 SO 4 two H s,
More informationLecture Notes Chemistry E1. Chapter 3
Lecture Notes Chemistry E1 Chapter 3 http://inserbia.info/news/wpcontent/uploads/2013/05/tamiflu.jpg http://nutsforhealthcare.files.wordpress.com/2013/01/tamiflumoa.jpg The Mole A mole is a certain
More informationMoles. Moles. Moles. Moles. Balancing Eqns. Balancing. Balancing Eqns. Symbols Yields or Produces. Like a recipe:
Like a recipe: Balancing Eqns Reactants Products 2H 2 (g) + O 2 (g) 2H 2 O(l) coefficients subscripts Balancing Eqns Balancing Symbols (s) (l) (aq) (g) or Yields or Produces solid liquid (pure liquid)
More informationIB Chemistry 1 Mole. One atom of C12 has a mass of 12 amu. One mole of C12 has a mass of 12 g. Grams we can use more easily.
The Mole Atomic mass units and atoms are not convenient units to work with. The concept of the mole was invented. This was the number of atoms of carbon12 that were needed to make 12 g of carbon. 1 mole
More informationFormulas, Equations and Moles
Chapter 3 Formulas, Equations and Moles Interpreting Chemical Equations You can interpret a balanced chemical equation in many ways. On a microscopic level, two molecules of H 2 react with one molecule
More informationmidterm1, 2009 Name: Class: Date:
Class: Date: midterm1, 2009 Record your name on the top of this exam and on the scantron form. Record the test ID letter in the top right box of the scantron form. Record all of your answers on the scantron
More informationMolar Mass Worksheet Answer Key
Molar Mass Worksheet Answer Key Calculate the molar masses of the following chemicals: 1) Cl 2 71 g/mol 2) KOH 56.1 g/mol 3) BeCl 2 80 g/mol 4) FeCl 3 162.3 g/mol 5) BF 3 67.8 g/mol 6) CCl 2 F 2 121 g/mol
More informationNumber of moles of solute = Concentration (mol. L ) x Volume of solution (litres) or n = C x V
44 CALCULATIONS INVOLVING SOLUTIONS INTRODUCTION AND DEFINITIONS Many chemical reactions take place in aqueous (water) solution. Quantities of such solutions are measured as volumes, while the amounts
More informationTutorial 4 SOLUTION STOICHIOMETRY. Solution stoichiometry calculations involve chemical reactions taking place in solution.
T27 Tutorial 4 SOLUTION STOICHIOMETRY Solution stoichiometry calculations involve chemical reactions taking place in solution. Of the various methods of expressing solution concentration the most convenient
More informationUnit 6 The Mole Concept
Chemistry Form 3 Page 62 Ms. R. Buttigieg Unit 6 The Mole Concept See Chemistry for You Chapter 28 pg. 352363 See GCSE Chemistry Chapter 5 pg. 7079 6.1 Relative atomic mass. The relative atomic mass
More informationStoichiometry. Unit Outline
3 Stoichiometry Unit Outline 3.1 The Mole and Molar Mass 3.2 Stoichiometry and Compound Formulas 3.3 Stoichiometry and Chemical Reactions 3.4 Stoichiometry and Limiting Reactants 3.5 Chemical Analysis
More informationModule Three Characterizing Compounds Using Mass Percents and Empirical Formulas. Chem 170. Stoichiometric Calculations.
Chem 170 Stoichiometric Calculations Module Three Characterizing Compounds Using Mass Percents and Empirical Formulas DePauw University Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry Page 1 Introduction to Module
More informationAtomic Masses. Chapter 3. Stoichiometry. Chemical Stoichiometry. Mass and Moles of a Substance. Average Atomic Mass
Atomic Masses Chapter 3 Stoichiometry 1 atomic mass unit (amu) = 1/12 of the mass of a 12 C atom so one 12 C atom has a mass of 12 amu (exact number). From mass spectrometry: 13 C/ 12 C = 1.0836129 amu
More informationProblem Solving. Stoichiometry of Gases
Skills Worksheet Problem Solving Stoichiometry of Gases Now that you have worked with relationships among moles, mass, and volumes of gases, you can easily put these to work in stoichiometry calculations.
More informationConcept 1. The meaning and usefulness of the mole. The mole (or mol) represents a certain number of objects.
Chapter 3. Stoichiometry: MoleMass Relationships in Chemical Reactions Concept 1. The meaning and usefulness of the mole The mole (or mol) represents a certain number of objects. SI def.: the amount of
More informationChemistry: Chemical Equations
Chemistry: Chemical Equations Write a balanced chemical equation for each word equation. Include the phase of each substance in the equation. Classify the reaction as synthesis, decomposition, single replacement,
More informationReactions. Balancing Chemical Equations uses Law of conservation of mass: matter cannot be lost in any chemical reaction
Reactions Chapter 8 Combustion Decomposition Combination Chapter 9 Aqueous Reactions Exchange reactions (Metathesis) Formation of a precipitate Formation of a gas Formation of a week or nonelectrolyte
More information4.3 Reaction Stoichiometry
196 Chapter 4 Stoichiometry of Chemical Reactions 4.3 Reaction Stoichiometry By the end of this section, you will be able to: Explain the concept of stoichiometry as it pertains to chemical reactions Use
More informationChapter 1: Moles and equations. Learning outcomes. you should be able to:
Chapter 1: Moles and equations 1 Learning outcomes you should be able to: define and use the terms: relative atomic mass, isotopic mass and formula mass based on the 12 C scale perform calculations, including
More informationCHAPTER 3 COMPOUNDS AND MOLECULES
Chapter 3 Compounds and Molecules Page 1 CHAPTER 3 COMPOUNDS AND MOLECULES 31. Octane, a component of gasoline, has eight carbon atoms and eighteen hydrogen atoms per molecule. Its formula is written
More informationCHAPTER 9. ANS: a. ANS: d. ANS: c. ANS: a. ANS: c
CHAPTER 9 1. Which one of the following is the acid in vinegar? a. acetic acid b. citric acid c. muriatic acid d. ascorbic acid 2. Which is a basic or alkaline substance? a. gastric fluid b. black coffee
More informationStoichiometry. Lecture Examples Answer Key
Stoichiometry Lecture Examples Answer Key Ex. 1 Balance the following chemical equations: 3 NaBr + 1 H 3 PO 4 3 HBr + 1 Na 3 PO 4 2 C 3 H 5 N 3 O 9 6 CO 2 + 3 N 2 + 5 H 2 O + 9 O 2 2 Ca(OH) 2 + 2 SO 2
More information10.3 Percent Composition and Chemical Formulas
Name Class Date 10.3 Percent Composition and Chemical Formulas Essential Understanding of its empirical formula. A molecular formula of a compound is a wholenumber multiple Lesson Summary Percent Composition
More informationChemical Equations and Chemical Reactions. Chapter 8.1
Chemical Equations and Chemical Reactions Chapter 8.1 Objectives List observations that suggest that a chemical reaction has taken place List the requirements for a correctly written chemical equation.
More informationCHAPTER 8 Chemical Equations and Reactions
CHAPTER 8 Chemical Equations and Reactions SECTION 1 Describing Chemical Reactions OBJECTIVES 1. List three observations that suggest that a chemical reaction has taken place. 2. List three requirements
More informationChapter 1 The Atomic Nature of Matter: Selected Answersc for Practice Exam.
Chapter 1 The Atomic Nature of Matter: Selected Answersc for Practice Exam. MULTIPLE CHOICE 50. 5.80 g of dioxane (C 4 H 8 O 2 ) is how many moles of dioxane? 0.0658 mol 0.0707 mol 0.0725 mol d. 0.0804
More informationBalance the following equation: KClO 3 + C 12 H 22 O 11 KCl + CO 2 + H 2 O
Balance the following equation: KClO 3 + C 12 H 22 O 11 KCl + CO 2 + H 2 O Ans: 8 KClO 3 + C 12 H 22 O 11 8 KCl + 12 CO 2 + 11 H 2 O 3.2 Chemical Symbols at Different levels Chemical symbols represent
More informationUseful only for measuring the mass of very small objects atoms and molecules!
Chapter 9 Chemical Composition (Moles) Which weighs more, 1 atom of He or 1 atom of O? Units of mass: Pound Kilogram Atomic mass unit (AMU) There are others! 1 amu = 1.66 x 1024 grams = mass of a proton
More informationPractice questions for Chapter 8
Practice questions for Chapter 8 2) How many atoms of nickel equal a mass of 58.69 g? (Refer to the Periodic Table.) A) 1 B) 28 C) 58.69 D) 59 E) 6.02 x 1023 Answer: E Section: 8.1 Avogadro's Number 6)
More informationStoichiometry. 1. The total number of moles represented by 20 grams of calcium carbonate is (1) 1; (2) 2; (3) 0.1; (4) 0.2.
Stoichiometry 1 The total number of moles represented by 20 grams of calcium carbonate is (1) 1; (2) 2; (3) 01; (4) 02 2 A 44 gram sample of a hydrate was heated until the water of hydration was driven
More informationDescription of the Mole Concept:
Description of the Mole Concept: Suppose you were sent into the store to buy 36 eggs. When you picked them up you would get 3 boxes, each containing 12 eggs. You just used a mathematical device, called
More information111 Stoichiometry. Represents
111 Stoichiometry What is stoichiometry? Calculations that relate the quantities of substances. It is the study of quantitative (measurable amounts) relationships in chemical reactions and equations.
More informationChapter 7: Chemical Equations. Name: Date: Period:
Chapter 7: Chemical Equations Name: Date: Period: 71 What is a chemical reaction? Read pages 232237 a) Explain what a chemical reaction is. b) Distinguish between evidence that suggests a chemical reaction
More informationChapter 4 Notes  Types of Chemical Reactions and Solution Chemistry
AP Chemistry A. Allan Chapter 4 Notes  Types of Chemical Reactions and Solution Chemistry 4.1 Water, the Common Solvent A. Structure of water 1. Oxygen's electronegativity is high (3.5) and hydrogen's
More informationWe know from the information given that we have an equal mass of each compound, but no real numbers to plug in and find moles. So what can we do?
How do we figure this out? We know that: 1) the number of oxygen atoms can be found by using Avogadro s number, if we know the moles of oxygen atoms; 2) the number of moles of oxygen atoms can be found
More informationCHAPTER 3 Calculations with Chemical Formulas and Equations. atoms in a FORMULA UNIT
CHAPTER 3 Calculations with Chemical Formulas and Equations MOLECULAR WEIGHT (M. W.) Sum of the Atomic Weights of all atoms in a MOLECULE of a substance. FORMULA WEIGHT (F. W.) Sum of the atomic Weights
More informationCHEM 120 Online: Chapter 6 Sample problems Date: 2. Which of the following compounds has the largest formula mass? A) H2O B) NH3 C) CO D) BeH2
CHEM 120 Online: Chapter 6 Sample problems Date: 1. To determine the formula mass of a compound you should A) add up the atomic masses of all the atoms present. B) add up the atomic masses of all the atoms
More informationChemistry B11 Chapter 4 Chemical reactions
Chemistry B11 Chapter 4 Chemical reactions Chemical reactions are classified into five groups: A + B AB Synthesis reactions (Combination) H + O H O AB A + B Decomposition reactions (Analysis) NaCl Na +Cl
More informationName Date Class CHEMICAL QUANTITIES. SECTION 10.1 THE MOLE: A MEASUREMENT OF MATTER (pages 287 296)
10 CHEMICAL QUANTITIES SECTION 10.1 THE MOLE: A MEASUREMENT OF MATTER (pages 287 296) This section defines the mole and explains how the mole is used to measure matter. It also teaches you how to calculate
More information