Energy Outlook for Asia and the Pacific ADB s Energy Sector Plan

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1 Energy Outlook for Asia and the Pacific ADB s Energy Sector Plan

2 Coverage of the Outlook Time Frame: Geographic Coverage: Developing Asia o Central and West Asia o East Asia o Pacific o South Asia o Southeast Asia Developed Group: (Australia; Japan; and New Zealand) Main Content: 1. Energy supply and demand outlook 2. Electricity outlook 3. CO2 emissions outlook 4. Energy investment outlook 5. Policy implications 6. ADB s ESG Plan

3 Outlook Cases Final Energy Demand Business-as-Usual Case Current levels of technology applications Reflects existing policies on future energy demand and energy choice Alternative Case Deployment of advance technologies Transformation Sector Investment Requirements Current trends in the development of new and renewable energy sources will continue Nuclear development considered are those for which at least preparatory work for construction of power plants are already being made Supply-side investments requirements NRE and nuclear development based on current government plans Installation/deployment of highly efficient/advanced thermal power technologies Supply-side and demand-side (energy efficiency) investment requirements

4 Looking forward to 2035 Economic Growth Population Growth Primary energy growth Energy intensity improvement Increasing energy demand Electricity doubled between Fossil fuel still dominant in electricity mix CO2 emission Projected investment in energy sector by 2015 Energy savings and CO2 mitigation potential

5 Fast Economic Growth ( ) Projection: Annual GDP Growth 4.1% in the region 40, constant 2000 $ billion 30,000 20,000 10,000 0 Asia and the Pacific Central and West Asia East Asia Pacific South Asia Southeast Asia Developed Group

6 Population Growth-Asia and the Pacific Population in Asia and the Pacific will increase by 706 million persons, at an average rate of 0.7% per annum. million persons 6,000 4,000 2, Asia and the Pacific Central and West Asia East Asia Pacific South Asia Southeast Asia Developed 6 Group

7 Primary Energy Growth at 2.1%/yr ( ) Fossil fuels still supply the majority 10,000 8,000 6,000 Mtoe 4,000 2, Coal Oil Gas Hydro Nuclear NRE

8 Energy Intensity Improvement Over Time 2,000 toe/ constant 2000 $ million 1,500 1, DMCs Central and West Asia East Asia Pacific South Asia Southeast Asia Developed Group Asia and the Pacific Total

9 Increasing Energy Demand Projection: Final energy demand increase at 2.1% /yr 2010: 3,238.5 Mtoe ; 2035: 5,400.9 Mtoe; 6,000 Mtoe 4,000 2, Industry Transport Other Non-Energy

10 Electricity: Doubled btw 2010 &2035 (3.4%/yr) 2010: 7,010 TWh; 2035: 16,169 TWh; 12,000 10,000 TWh 9, ,000 6,000 4,000 2, Central and West Asia 4, ,762 1, East Asia Pacific South Asia Southeast Asia 1,439 1,243 Developed Group

11 Fossil Fuels Still Dominates Electricity Mix 20,000 15,000 TWh 10,000 5, Coal Oil Natural Gas Nuclear Hydro NRE

12 25,000 CO 2 Emission ( ) Average growth rate = 2.0% 2010: 13,404.0 million tons 2020: 16,184.8 million tons 2035: 22,112.6 million tons 20,000 Mt CO2 15,000 10,000 5, Central and West Asia East Asia Pacific South Asia Southeast Asia Developed Group

13 Projected Investment in Energy Sector by 2035 Cumulative investments by 2035 : $11.7 trillion More investment in developing members Developed Southeast Asia South Asia Pacific East Asia Central and West Asia $ 38.4 billion $ billion $ 1,709.2 billion $ 1,343.6 billion $ 2,416.1 billion Oil Natural Gas Coal Electricity/Heat $ 5,771.4 billion 0 2,000 4,000 6,000 8,000 $ billion (constant, 2006 prices)

14 8,000 7,000 Energy Saving and CO2 Mitigation Potential Mtoe 9,000 By 2035, BAU vs Alternative Primary energy savings: 1,295.2 Mtoe CO2 emissions reduction: Mt Developed Group Southeast Asia South Asia Pacific East Asia Central and West Asia Primary Energy Savings BAU: 8,358.3 Mtoe Potential Savings 1,295.2 Mtoe 6,000 5,000 Alternative Case: 7,063.1 Mtoe 4,

15 Cumulative Investment ($, trillion, constant 2006 prices) $ 11.7 trillion BAU $ 19.9 trillion ALT Demand side additional investment: $7.3 trillion Supply side investment: $12.6 trillion Industry Commercial Residential Transport Distribution Energy Transportation Transformation Extraction/Pro duction Investment requirements for BAU and Alternative Cases 15

16 Policy Implications 1. Energy Security: continue rely upon imported fossil fuel, such as oil and gas 2. Demand for coal will grow by 50% for economic and technical needs but at slower pace due to EE and RE development in PRC 3. Demand side energy-efficiency is very important 4. Rehabilitate and/or phase out aging, unreliable, and low efficiency power plants 5. Regional cooperation is needed 6. Large amounts of investments is required

17 ADB S Energy Sector Group Plan Expand energy sector operations Support new sustainable development goals on energy Use innovative technologies Use of innovative financing modalities Introduce new business models Optimize joint operations of sovereign and nonsovereign sectors Use of multisector approach Implement Cross border energy initiatives Scale up energy sector group support to operations departments

18 Expanding Energy Sector Operations Overall energy sector lending currently at over $5 billion per year. With OCR/ADF merger, the lending in the energy sector is expected to increase. Clean energy lending increasing from $2 billion towards $3 billion per year beyond Mobilize climate and other co-financing (e.g. Green Climate Fund, Clean Investment Funds) $95 million available for allocation under Clean Energy Financing Partnership Facility (CEFPF) to support Operations (grants, PPTAs, CDTAs, RETAs)

19 Energy SG Work Plan Highlights Support new Sustainable Development Goal on Energy (in addition to Poverty, Food, Health, Education, Gender, Water goals) Focused Areas - Energy access - Renewable energy - Energy efficiency - Sector reforms Expanding Operations with Innovations - Advanced technologies - New financing instrument - New business model - PPP within ADB (joint PSOD/RD project) - Multi-sector approach - Cross border energy initiatives

20 Technology Innovation Distributed renewable (e.g. rooftop solar) - Supporting India s Solar Rooftop Program Smart grid/smart meters - promoting renewable energy and energy efficiency - Uzbekistan Advanced Electricity Metering Project Mini grid with storage providing affordable renewable energy - Maldives Renewable Based Hybrid Mini-Grid Project - Solar Energy Development in Solomon Islands Cost Effective innovative transmission /distribution - Nepal Power Transmission Project/Myanmar Power Transmission Project (using aluminum compact core conductor) - Single Wire Earth Return in Mongolia

21 Financing Innovation $600 million for Indonesia Result Based Lending for Sumatra Power Grid Strengthening Project the first RBL in the energy sector, effective way to expand the lending

22 Introducing New business models Simpa Networks ( Off Grid Pay-As-You-Go Solar Project ) in India - ADB Investment: $2 million equity investment in 2013, $5 million CTF loan under preparation in Investee: Simpa Networks, a venture-backed technology company with a bold mission: to make modern energy simple, affordable, and accessible for everyone. - Strategy: Simpa offers an unique pay-as-you-go metering solution for off-grid solar home systems in rural India by using mobile phones technology to transform recurring energy expenditures into an eventual capital asset purchase. Scaling up of solar leasing as a service model. - Development Impacts: Increased access to affordable clean energy for base of the pyramid (BoP) consumers in rural India (10,000 systems installed as of April 2015), avoiding the greenhouse gas emissions by reducing kerosene usage.

23 Joint PSOD and RD Operations India Power Grid Green Corridor Development Project (up to $800 million by SARD and PSOD) India s Green Energy Corridor facilitates the transfer of renewable energy to load centers Absorption and smoothing out of the RE intermittency Static compensators (STATCOMs) to enhance grid stability

24 PRC Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Air Quality Improvement Program Multi Sector Approach - $300 million programmatic policy-based lending with horizontal packaging to enhance Government s clean air action plan. - Policy actions for (i) reduced PM2.5 emissions from energy, industry, transport, urban and agricultural sectors; (ii) strengthening environmental policy and regulatory framework; and (iii) development of social protection system for inclusive industrial restructuring. - Project being peer reviewed by Energy, Transport and Urban SGs

25 Cross Border Energy Initiatives CAREC - TUTAP (Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, and Pakistan) Transmission Interconnection - TAPI (Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Pakistan and India) Gas Pipeline (ADB providing transaction advisory services) GMS - With progress in physical interconnections in GMS, a Regional Power Coordination Center (RPCC) is being established with ADB support SASEC - Bangladesh-India Interconnection - Nepal-India Interconnection - Bhutan Hydropower Export Project (first cross border CDM) - Sri Lanka India Interconnection Study Northeast Asia Power Interconnection Study

26 Energy SG Support to Operations Departments Scaling up Project Lending with Innovative Features Grant/TA resources from Clean Energy Financing Partnership Facility Providing needed expertise through RETAs, e.g. Energy Efficiency Accelerator, Energy for All Rewarding staff for innovations (an E/SR ratee nominated by Energy SG?) Knowledge Management and Sharing Capture and share knowledge from operations, e.g. Applicable smart grid technologies for DMCs, Lessons learnt from the Philippine power sector restructuring Work with KSSC for innovative technology transfer with the centers of excellence and private sector (developers, financier, technology and solution providers) Optimizing Staff Resources Facilitating staff rotation, between Energy SG Secretariat and RDs, and among RDs Arranging staff training, e.g. energy efficiency training in International Energy Agency (IEA), Sustainable Energy Association of Singapore

27 Thanks

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