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1 Name Date Class BOOK Review Packet Astronomy Overview Exploring Space Directions:Complete the concept map the terms in the list below. radio telescopes satellites visible light space probes rockets reflecting telescopes space shuttles refracting telescopes with 4. People explore space with radio waves 6. with 5. power source 7. 8.

2 Book J Astronomy Review pg. 2 Overview of The Solar System Directions:Complete the concept map the terms in the list below. Pluto Mars Saturn Mercury Asteroids Neptune Comets Earth rocky gaseous warm cold 1. Meteroids 2. orbits the orbits the orbits the SUN orbits the Outer Planets Inner Planets includes 3. Structures Structures includes Jupiter 6. Venus Uranus dwarf planet

3 Book J Astronomy Review pg. 3 Directions: Match the terms in Column I with their definitions in Column II. Write the letter of the correct definition in the blank at the left. Column I 1. full moon 2. axis 3. rotation 4. revolution 5. third quarter 6. equinox 7. solstice 8. Moon phases 9. ellipse 10. waxing 11. first quarter 12. new moon 13. waning 14. sphere 15. solar eclipse 16. lunar eclipse 17. maria 18. impact basin Column II a. when the amount of the Moon s lighted surface seen on Earth increases b. an elongated, closed curve c. waning Moon phase in which only one-half of the lighted side of the Moon can be seen from Earth d. a round, three-dimensional object whose surface is the same distance from its center at all points e. the changing appearances of the Moon as seen from Earth f. when all of the Moon s surface that faces Earth is lit up g. dark-colored, relatively flat regions of the Moon h. when the Moon temporarily blocks the sunlight reaching Earth i. waxing Moon phase in which one-half of the Moon s lighted side can be seen from Earth j. reached when the Sun s position is directly over Earth s equator k. the imaginary line around which a planet such as Earth spins l. when the Moon is between Earth and the Sun and cannot be seen m. the spinning of Earth on its axis n. when Earth s shadow falls on the Moon o. when the amount of the Moon s lighted side that can be seen becomes smaller p. the point at which the Sun reaches its greatest distance north or south of the equator q. Earth s yearly orbit around the Sun r. hollow area formed on the Moon by an object striking its surface

4 Book J Astronomy Review pg. 4 Directions: Identify each statement as true or false by writing True or.changing the underlined italicized words and phrases to make the false statements true. 1. Earth rotates on its axis about once very year. 2. Night and day on Earth are caused by Earth s revolution around the Sun. 3. The summer solstice begins in June in the northern hemisphere and in December in the southern hemisphere. 4. Daylight hours are shorter for the hemisphere tilted toward the Sun. 5. Earth is farthest from the Sun in January. Directions: Circle the term in parentheses that makes each statement correct. 6. Earth s orbit is a(n) (ellipse, circle) and the Sun is offset from its center, meaning that the distance between Earth and the Sun changes during the year. 7. Hours of daylight and nighttime are equal during the (solstice, equinox). 4. The Moon appears to shine because it reflects (ice, sunshine) from its surface. 5. During a solstice the Sun is (north or south of, directly above) the equator. 6. The Moon revolves around (on its axis, Earth) every 27.3 days. 6B.. Directions: Match the correct letter to the statement 1. The planet with the lowest density and hundreds of thin rings is. a. Jupiter b. Uranus c. Saturn d. Neptune 2. Johannes Kepler discovered that the orbits of planets are. a. parabolic b. circular c. elliptical d. spherical 3. A planet that is very hot and has sulfuric acid in its clouds is a. Mars b. Venus c. Mercury d. Earth 4. Two planets with similar mass and size are. a. Mercury and Jupiter c. Earth and Pluto b. Saturn and Uranus d. Venus and Earth 5. is the largest moon in the solar system. a. Callisto b. Ganymede c. Earth s moon d. Io

5 a. Mars b. Jupiter c. Mercury d. Venus 7. The Great Red Spot, a continuous storm, is located on the planet. a. Saturn b. Uranus c. Jupiter d. Neptune 8. The solid portion of a comet is called its. a. coma b. core c. heart d. nucleus 9. are small pieces of rock moving through space. a. Comets b. Meteors c. Meteoroids d. Meteorites 10. published the Sun-centered model of the solar system first in a. Kepler b. Magellan c. Copernicus d. Galileo 11. When small pieces of rock moving through space enter Earth s atmosphere and Book J Astronomy Review pg The largest known volcano in the solar system is an extinct volcano known as Olympus Mons found on the planet. completely burn up, they are called. a. comets b. meteors c. meteorites d. asteroids 12. Pieces of rock that actually strike Earth s surface are called. a. meteoroids b. comets c. meteors d. meteorites 13. Describe and or draw how a solar eclipse occurs. 14. What are the two things the moon does for the Earth?

6 Book J Astronomy Review pg. 6 Directions: Match the terms in Column I with their definitions in Column II. Write the letter of the correct definition in the blank at the left. Column I _ 1. white dwarf _ 2. constellations _ 3. main sequence _ 4. nebula _ 5. light-year _ 6. supergiant _ 7. black hole _ 8. sunspots _ 9. photosphere 10. supernova 11. galaxy 12. Big Bang theory Column II a. explanation for the beginning of the universe b. relatively cool star that has expanded to more than 700 times as large as our sun c. groups of stars whose positions in the sky seem to change as Earth moves d. distance that light travels in one year e. classification of about 90 percent of the stars g. produced from an explosion that occurs when a star s core collapses h. earliest stage of a star s formation i. object so dense that nothing, including light, can escape it k. small, hot star consisting of a hot, dense core contract-ing under the force of gravity l. dark, cooler areas of the Sun s surface m. outer layer and largest part of the Sun s atmosphere o. billions of starts and nebulas gases rotating around a central axis Directions: Match the correct letter to the statement 1. The positions of the constellations appear to change throughout the year because _. a. Earth rotates on its axis c. the constellations revolve around Earth b. Earth revolves around the Sun d. the Sun revolves around the galaxy 2. About 90 percent of all stars are stars. a. nebula b. giant c. main sequence d. white dwarf 3. The hottest stars in space are in color. a. yellow b. red c. blue d. green 4. A main sequence star becomes a after it uses up the hydrogen in its core. a. nebula b. supernova c. black hole d. giant a. carbon b. helium c. iron d. oxygen

7 Book J Astronomy Review pg The Sun produces energy by f hydrogen into in its core. 6. The intense magnetic field associated with Sunspots may cause huge arching columns of gas called. a. solar flares b. coronas c. photospheres d. prominences 7. The Big Bang theory of the formation and expansion of the universe is supported by the observed. a. blue-violet shift in light beyond the Local Group c. gravity of matter b. red shift in light beyond the Local Groupd. shorter light wavelengths 8. Sequence the colors of stars by temperature, labeling the hottest star number 1. _. blue _.yellow _.red 9. Identify the sequence of the evolution of stars by labeling the stages. Use 1 to label nebula. nebula white dwarf giant main sequence star Directions:Answer the following questions complete sentences. 10a. How is the Sun different from other stars? 10b. How is the Sun similar to other stars?

8 Book J Astronomy Review pg How is the Big Bang theory supported by the observed Doppler shift of galaxies? 11. How does the Sun produce energy? 12. What are the three moon theories? I. A. B. C. D. E. G. H. K. Find the celestial body. 13. planets with rings 20. planets spin sideways 14. Inner Planets 21.planet with the most moons 15. Asteroids 22. has the hurricane red spot 16. Neptune 23. gas planets 17. planets with seasons 24. has sulfuric acid atmosphere 18. geosynchoneous rotaion with the sun (hot on one side, cold on the other) 19. Planets that protect us from comets and meteroids

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