Educational Uses for the Oakland County in the Civil War Map

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1 Educational Uses for the Oakland County in the Civil War Map Besides being a beautiful piece of art and a history treasure the Oakland County in the Civil War Map is also an excellent instructional tool. For young students it serves as an engaging special purpose, or thematic, map with local connections. For older students it provides a remarkable opportunity for teaching about the Civil War in a way no textbook can do. A set of curriculum materials has been designed to accompany the map. These include: 1. A set of lessons correlated to both national and state literacy and history standards. These lessons use primary sources from the map to engage students in historical inquiry. 2. A set of lesson launchers which are short primary-source activities designed to launch a textbook lesson on the Civil War. These activities provide a local connection to the people, places and events studied in a Civil War unit. 3. A set of resources including Regiment Rosters of Oakland County Soldiers, Service Records and other information that can be used by teachers and students for research purposes. New lessons and resources will be added in the next two years to fit multiple grade levels and instructional purposes.

2 Lesson Launch #1: Civil War Weapons

3 Lesson Launch #2: Civil War Battles

4 Lesson Launch #3: Civil War Regiments The Twenty Second Regiment was raised in the counties of Oakland, Livingston, Macomb, St. Clair, Lapeer and Sanilac, being what was then, the Fifth Congressional District. Its rendezvous was at Pontiac, the Honorable Moses Wisner, who had been lately Governor of the State, later to be commissioned Colonel of the Regiment, having charge of the camp. The recruitment of the 22nd. commenced on July 15,1862, being completed August 29th., when it was mustered into the service of the United States.

5 Lesson Launch #4: Medal of Honor Winners

6 Lesson Launch #5:Anteitam The mortuary cannon honoring Major General Israel B. Richardson at Antietam is next to the tower on Richardson Avenue, at the end of the Sunken Road (Bloody Lane General Richardson was mortally wounded at Antietam while bringing up artillery and organizing an attack on the Sunken Road. Born in Vermont in 1815, Richardson graduated from West Point in 1841 and served in the Seminole War before winning two brevets and the nickname, "fighting Dick" in the Mexican War. At the beginning of the war he was farming near Pontiac, Michigan, but quickly recruited and became colonel of the 2nd Michigan Infantry. He led a brigade at Bull Run, then advanced to division command during the Penninsula Campaign, and was promoted to major general on July 4, Although the wound was not considered mortal, infection and then pneumonia set in, and Richardson died on November 3rd. From the monument: Major General Israel B. Richardson U.S.A. Mortally wounded 45 yards N. 32 E. Source:

7 Lesson Launch #6: Women in the Civil War

8 Lesson Launch #7: Children in the Civil War

9 Lesson Launch #8: The Freedman s Bureau

10 Lesson Launch #9: Civil War Prisons FORT MACKINAC'S SERVICE AS A CIVIL WAR PRISON Though recognized today as a vacation destination for travelers to northern Michigan, 150 years ago in the summer of 1862, Fort Mackinac became a prison. Although the fort itself played only a small role in the Civil War, for a few months the post on Mackinac Island housed three Confederate Army sympathizers as prisoners guarded by nearly 100 men. After Capt. Henry Pratt s company of the 2nd Artillery left in early 1861, Fort Mackinac was virtually abandoned. Only Ordnance Sergeant William Marshall remained behind as the fort s sole caretaker. A year later, things began to change at the post. In early 1862, victorious Federal forces recaptured much of Tennessee from the Confederacy. Andrew Johnson (later Lincoln s Vice President, and ultimately the 17th President) was installed as the military governor of the state, a position he used to quickly arrest several prominent Confederate sympathizers. On Johnson s orders, Josephus (or Joseph) Conn Guild, George Washington Barrow, and William Giles Harding were placed under arrest and shipped north. Aware of Johnson s actions, Secretary of War Edwin Stanton made preparations to exile the three men to Fort Mackinac, where their influence and wealth could not help the Confederate cause. Unfortunately, no Federal troops were immediately available to garrison Mackinac as guards; as a result, the three prisoners were sent temporarily to Detroit, where they were well-received by an inquisitive and sympathetic public. Throughout April 1862, Federal officers in Detroit, Washington, and elsewhere scrambled to find a suitable garrison for Fort Mackinac. Eventually, Capt. Grover S. Wormer received orders to raise an independent company in Detroit specifically to guard the Tennesseans on Mackinac. Mustered into service in early May, Wormer s unit, named the Stanton Guard after the Secretary of War, counted just fewer than 100 men in its ranks. Boarding the steamer Illinois around May 10, the new Stanton Guard and their three prisoners arrived on Mackinac Island shortly after. Unfortunately for the new garrison of Fort Mackinac, a quick inspection of the nearly abandoned post revealed that it was not ready to accommodate the prisoners. As a result, the three men were lodged at the Mission House Hotel while the Stanton Guard repaired the quarters at the fort. The improvements complete, on May 25 the Tennesseans moved into the fort s Wood Quarters to begin their incarceration at the post. Despite the repairs carried out by the Stanton Guard, the War Department quickly discarded any thought of housing more prisoners at Fort Mackinac, as the fort would require considerably more work to make it secure. Despite their status as prisoners, the three men apparently enjoyed a pleasantly boring summer on Mackinac. They were allowed to explore the island with a small guard detachments, and wrote of Mackinac s interesting geological formations and rich history. They frequently wrote letters home to Tennessee, and Guild and Barrow both complimented Capt. Wormer for his kindness and dignity. Indeed, the prisoners received such liberal treatment that in early August, Col. William Hoffman, the Commissary-General of Prisoners, reprimanded Wormer for failing to impose harsher restrictions upon the men. As the summer drew to a close, the War Department reassessed the value of Fort Mackinac as a prison. Col. Hoffman recommended that the Stanton Guard be disbanded, as its men could be better used in the field. On September 10, the troops and prisoners departed Fort Mackinac, bound again for Detroit. The Stanton Guard formally mustered out and disbanded on September 25. Guild and Harding swore allegiance to the U.S. and were released on September 30, 1862, leaving only Barrow in custody. He was transferred to the more established military prison on Johnson s Island in Lake Erie, near Sandusky, Ohio. He remained in prison until March 1863 when he was released as part of a prisoner exchange. With the departure of the Stanton Guard, Fort Mackinac was again virtually abandoned, save for Ordnance Sergeant Marshall. He served alone for the next five years, until the Army garrisoned the post in Source:

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