Reporting Category 1: Matter and Energy

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1 Name: Science Teacher: Reporting Category 1: Matter and Energy Atoms Fill in the missing information to summarize what you know about atomic structure. Name of Subatomic Particle Location within the Atom Electrical Charge Relative Mass Bohr Model proton inside the nucleus positive 1 amu neutron inside the nucleus neutral 1 amu electron outside the nucleus negative 1/1836 amu Draw an atom that has four protons, five neutrons, and four electrons. Complete the key to identify the three major subatomic particles. o + o + o + o + o KEY + Protons o Neutrons Electrons What determines the identity of an element? protons The diagram below shows models of four different atoms. Use the models to answer the following questions: Which atom has the greatest mass? B Which atom(s) have a neutral electrical charge? A and C Which atom(s) have a positive electrical charge? B and D Which atom(s) have a negative electrical charge? none

2 Periodic Table Atomic number = protons and electrons Atomic Mass = protons plus neutrons *** Electrons are not included in the atomic mass Metals Non-Metals Metalloids Where located left of stair step right of stair step along stair step Luster shiny dull shiny to dull Conductivity good poor some good, some poor Malleability yes no - brittle some yes, some no Most Reactive far right far left (Group 1) found where (Group 17) depends Group 18 Noble Gases unreactive (inert) full set of valence electrons Period horizontal rows ( ) different properties same # energy levels Family/group # vertical columns ( electrons On the Periodic Table below: ) same properties same # valence Shade in the group of elements that are called the Noble Gases red. Shade all of the elements in Period 4 blue. Circle three elements that are classified as metals. Draw triangles around three elements that are classified as metalloids. 1 H 2 He 3 Li 11 Na 19 K 37 Rb 55 Cs 87 Fr 4 Be 12 Mg 20 Ca 38 Sr 56 Ba 88 Ra 21 Sc 39 Y 57 La 89 Ac 22 Ti 40 Zr 72 Hf 104 Rf 23 V 41 Nb 73 Ta 105 Db 24 Cr 42 Mo 74 W 106 Sg 25 Mn 43 Tc 75 Re 107 Bh 26 Fe 44 Ru 76 Os 108 Hs 27 Co 45 Rh 77 Ir 109 Mt 28 Ni 46 Pd 78 Pt 29 Cu 47 Ag 79 Au 30 Zn 48 Cd 80 Hg 5 B 13 Al 31 Ga 49 In 81 Tl 6 C 14 Si 32 Ge Sn 82 Pb 7 N 15 P 33 As 51 Sb 83 Bi 8 O 16 S 34 Se 52 Te 84 Po 9 F 17 Cl 35 Br 53 I 85 At 10 Ne 18 Ar 36 Kr 54 Xe 86 Rn How many groups or families of elements are on the table? 18 How many periods of elements are on the table? 7 Valence Electrons outermost electrons, determine chemical properties and reactivity Elements have similar properties because? They have the same valence electrons Reactivity how easily elements combine to form compounds; elements with 1 or 7 valence electrons are the most reactive

3 Molecule 2 or more atoms combined Compound 2 or more different elements combined Physical Change change in appearance without a change in properties Chemical Change change in properties new substance formed Chemical Reaction same as chemical change Evidence of Chemical Reaction unexpected color change, precipitate forms, gas production (bubbles, fizzes), change in temperature, change in odor, change in properties Chemical Equation combination of symbols and formulas that describe a chemical reaction What does a coefficient tell you? molecules What does a subscript tell you? atoms Are they balanced? C + H 2 O C 6 H 12 O 6 No 2 Ag + H 2 S Ag 2 S + H 2 Yes E R P E R P C 1 6 Ag 2 2 H 2 12 H 2 2 O 1 6 S 1 1 Conservation of mass # atoms in reactants = # atoms in products mass of reactants = mass of products How can we show conservation of mass? balanced equation Fill in the missing information to complete the chart. Check One Check One Substance Chemical Symbol Chemical Formula Element Compound Elements Atoms Molecules H 2 O X X O 3 X X CaCO 3 X X He X X Ag X X CO X X 2 4 2

4 Organic Compounds contain carbon and other elements such as hydrogen, oxygen, phosphorus, nitrogen, or sulfur Substance Formula Organic Inorganic sugar C 6 H 12 O 6 X salt NaCl X methane CH 4 X water H 2 O X Digestion Structure Physical Chemical Mouth X X Esophagus X X Stomach X X Small Intestine X Energy Flow through Living Systems Highlight one complete food chain on the food web. What organisms on the food web have the most available energy? plants / producers What organisms on the food web have the least available energy? coyote & hawk Draw arrows on the energy pyramid to show the direction of energy flow from greatest to least. Color producers green, herbivores yellow, and carnivores red. Density = mass volume Use the pictures of the triple beam balance and graduated cylinder to find the density of the rock. Density = 12.5 g/ml

5 1. Which two elements are most similar? A. Fe and Co B. Li and F C. Cu and Ag D. H and O 2. What are metalloids? A. The metal elements with small atomic numbers B. The elements between metals and nonmetals on the periodic table C. Chunks of metal ore D. Nonreactive metal elements 3. Which of the following elements is a liquid at room temperature? A. N B. B C. Br D. Si 5. Which of the following is a noble gas? A. Ne B. N C. O D. H 6. Which of the following is the better conductor? A. Ge B. S C. Au D. C 7. What elements are contained in the compound LiBr? A. Lithium, Iodine, and Boron B. Lithium and Bromine C. Lithium and Boron D. It is a compound, so it does not contain elements. 4. Which of the following elements is the least reactive metal? A. K B. Ca C. Mn D. Zn C 6 H 12 O 6 + 6O 2 6CO 2 + 6H 2 O 8. During cell respiration, sugar (C 6 H 12 O 6 ) reacts to form carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) and water (H 2 O). Which of the following best explains what happens during cell respiration? A. Single atoms are formed into different elements. B. Atoms are rearranged into different compounds. C. A molecule is broken down into its pure elements. D. Two elements are formed into one compound.

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