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1 Name: 1) Which part of the human blood is primarily responsible for transporting nutrients, hormones, and wastes? A) platelet B) plasma C) white blood cell D) red blood cell 2) What is a major difference between red blood cells and white blood cells? A) Red blood cells contain nuclei, but white blood cells do not. B) Red blood cells contain hemoglobin, but white blood cells do not. C) Red blood cells can move, but white blood cells cannot. D) Red blood cells engulf foreign bacteria, but white blood cells do not. 3) Choose the disease that is most closely related to the given phrase. a disease of the bone marrow characterized by uncontrolled production of white blood cells A) emphysema B) angina pectoris C) meningitis D) leukemia 4) The diagrams below represent organ systems Page 1 Cardiovascular diseases interfere most directly with the normal functioning of system A) E B) C C) G D) D 5) In humans, which of the following is produced within certain bones? A) striated muscle cells B) urea C) bile D) red blood cells

2 Questions 6 and 7 refer to the following: Page 2 The schematic diagram below shows the blood flow throughout the human body. 6) Which blood vessels contain blood with the lowest concentration of oxygen? A) B and C B) A and D C) C and A D) D and B 7) Which chambers of the heart contain blood which has the highest concentration of oxygen? A) 2 and 4 B) 3 and 4 C) 1 and 2 D) 1 and 3 Questions 8 and 9 refer to the following: The diagram below illustrates the human heart. 8) The blood vessel indicated by number 8 transports A) oxygenated blood from the heart to the body C) oxygenated blood from the body to the heart B) deoxygenated blood from the heart to the body D) deoxygenated blood from the body to the heart 9) The movement of blood between structures 5 and 6 is known as A) systemic circulation C) lymphatic circulation B) pulmonary circulation D) coronary circulation 10) Which cells are able to carry on the process of phagocytosis? A) epidermal cells B) nerve cells C) white blood cells D) red blood cells 11) For blood to pass through the heart from the left atrium to the left ventricle, it must first pass through A) a valve B) a vein C) an artery D) a capillary 12) Human blood types in the ABO blood group are identified by A) clotting factors in the plasma B) antigen-antibody reactions C) a series of enzyme-controlled synthesis reactions D) microscopic examination of white blood cells

3 13) Enzymes are similar to antibodies in that both A) slow the rate of chemical reactions C) are involved in hydrolysis reactions B) are highly specific in their action D) are produced by neurohumors 14) Which structures in human blood contain enzyme molecules necessary for the clotting process? A) platelets B) red blood cells C) lymphocytes D) phagocytes Questions 15 and 16 refer to the following: Page 3 15) The major function of cell A is to A) engulf invading bacteria C) initiate blood clot formation B) produce antibodies D) transport oxygen 16) Materials passing between body cells and blood must pass through intercellular fluid (ICF), which is located in area A) 1 B) 2 C) 3 D) 4 17) The diagram below represents the pathway of the blood throughout the body. Within which structure are red blood cells broken down? A) 1 B) 6 C) 7 D) 9

4 Questions 18 through 20 refer to the following: Page 4 The diagram below represents the human heart, and the direction of blood flow is indicated by the arrows. 18) Deoxygenated blood returns to the heart through the structure represented by number A) 8 B) 7 C) 5 D) 3 19) The aorta is represented by number A) 1 B) 6 C) 8 D) 4 20) The chamber that pumps blood to all parts of the body except the lungs is represented by number A) 4 B) 2 C) 1 D) 3 21) In humans, which are blood cells that have the ability to engulf bacteria? A) platelets B) red blood cells C) phagocytes D) capillaries 22) A biochemical compound that readily combines with oxygen and distributes it throughout the human body is A) hemoglobin B) urea C) water D) acetylcholine Questions 23 through 26 refer to the following: The diagram below represents a human heart and some major blood vessels. 23) Which numbers indicate the atria? A) 2 and 4 B) 1 and 2 C) 1 and 3 D) 3 and 4 24) Deoxygenated blood from the lower part of the body returns to the heart by way of structure A) 5 B) 7 C) 6 D) 8 25) When blood is pumped out of chamber 2, it will circulate directly to the A) brain B) liver C) lungs D) legs

5 Page 5 26) The blood vessel indicated by number 5 is known as the A) pulmonary artery B) aorta C) superior vena cava D) coronary artery 27) Whole blood type O may safely be given to people with which types of blood? A) A and B, only B) A, B, AB, and O C) AB and A, only D) O and B, only 28) The thin-walled vessels of the circulatory system where most oxygen and carbon dioxide are exchanged are A) veins B) arteries C) capillaries D) alveoli 29) The diagram below represents part of the human respiratory system. The heart chamber which most directly pumps blood to the vessel network at A is the A) left ventricle B) right atrium C) left atrium D) right ventricle 30) Many bacteria that enter the circulatory system are engulfed and destroyed by A) plasma B) platelets C) phagocytic red blood cells D) phagocytic white blood cells

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