Why did the Battle of Gonzales take place?

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1 Texas Revolution

2 Why did the Battle of Gonzales take place?

3 Battle of Gonzales Mexican government wanted a cannon returned. Texans refused- made a flag- Come and Take It Known as the Lexington of the Texas Revolution (First shots fired) Proved the Texans were willing to use military force against Mexico

4 Gonzales cannon 21.5 long 69 lbs

5

6 Compare & Contrast these Two Battles Battle of Gonzales Battle of Lexington

7 Battle of Lexington April 19, 1775 Lexington, Massachusetts 1 st battle of American Revolution. Fought over possession of weapons arsenal (Rifles & ammunition). American army was made up of volunteers. American colonists won the battle giving them confidence that they could defeat the larger more powerful army of Great Britain. Battle of Gonzales October 2, 1835 Gonzales, Texas 1 st battle of the Texas Revolution. Fought over possession of weapons (Cannon). Texan army was made up of volunteers. Texan colonists won the battle giving them confidence that the could defeat the larger more powerful Mexican army.

8

9 Capture of San Antonio After the Battle of Gonzales, volunteers head up to San Antonio to kick the Mexican army out. Elect Stephen F. Austin as their general. (Doesn t last very long)

10 General Cos leads the Mexicans at San Antonio. Ben Milam decided to attack the Mexican troops. General Cos surrenders Dec.10, Agrees to leave Texas with all the Mexican army. Agrees to never fight in TX again (lies).

11 Santa Anna is mad. Personally marches 6,000 Mexican troops into TX to put an end to the rebellion. Texans didn t think he would march his troops in the winter.

12 Capture of San Antonio Mexican soldiers surrender

13 Santa Anna heads to San Antonio with the majority of the Mexican army Santa Anna is upset General Cos surrendered San Antonio to the Texas rebels

14 1836 Convention Location: Washington-on-the Brazos # of Delegates : 59 - decide Santa Anna is never going to reinstate the Mexican federal Constitution of 1824 Document approved: Texas Declaration of Independence

15 Texas Declaration of Independence March 2, 1836 (Texas Independence Day) Written by George Childress Grievances (Complaints) Stated that Mexico denied them the rights guaranteed by the Mexican Constitution of 1824 Stated Texans were deprived of freedoms they were used to from the U.S. Constitution

16 The Provisional temporary Government Delegates at 1836 Convention felt it was not safe to hold public elections set up a provisional (temporary) government David Burnett -ad interim President Lorenzo de Zavala - ad interim vice-president

17 Sam Houston Chosen as the Commander-in-chief of the Texas Army

18 Free African American Helped negotiate peace treaty with the Cherokee during the Texas Revolution so they would stay neutral.

19 Date: Feb. 23 Mar. 6, 1836

20 Commander of the Alamo William B. Travis sends several letters out from the Alamo requesting reinforcements To the people of Texas and all Americans in the world...-the commander of the Alamo states that he needs reinforcements but was willing to die defending the fort (Alamo)

21 The Alamo James Bowie, William B. Travis, Davy Crockett & at least 189 others(?) die defending the Alamo

22 The events at the Alamo inspired the Texans to carry on the struggle for freedom.

23 Alamo- Present day Artist picture of Alamo 1836 Alamo- 1906

24

25 Consisted of 4 ships Brought supplies to the Texan army Cut off supply lines to Mexican troops by controlling the coastal waters of Texas

26 Battle of Coletto Date: March James Fannin is commander of the Texan troops at Goliad Fannin gets orders from Sam Houston to retreat toward Victoria.

27 Battle of Coletto Gets surrounded by Mexican troops led by General Urrea & surrenders. Approximately 7 Texans were killed & 60 wounded

28 Goliad Massacre Fannin surrenders to General Urrea Condition of surrender (accounts vary) Urrea assured Fannin that they would be released in the United States Colonel James Fannin & his troops are executed by order of Santa Anna

29 Runaway Scrape Texan army was short on troops, $, guns, ammunition, & supplies. Sam Houston the fall of the Alamo when he is at Gonzales. Orders a retreat & burns the town of Gonzales. Many other settlers also began to move eastward, away from Santa Anna s approaching army.

30 Battle of San Jacinto Remember the Alamo! Remember Goliad!

31 Battle of San Jacinto Date: April 21, 1836 Commander of the Texas Army: Sam Houston Commander of the Mexican Army: Santa Anna # of Texas soldiers (9 dead) # of Mexican soldiers 1200 (600 + dead) Mexico was defeated in 18 minutes

32

33

34

35 San Jacinto Monument = Largest column monument in the world. Washington monument- 555 San Jacinto monument- 567

36 The monument is topped with a 220-ton star that commemorates the site of the Battle of San Jacinto, the decisive battle of the Texas Revolution. The monument, constructed between 1936 and 1939 and dedicated on April 21, 1939.

37 Treaty of Velasco May 14 th Treaties signed by Santa Anna & David Burnett officially ending the Texas Revolution Public Treaty Declared Texas independent from Mexico

38 Treaty of Velasco stated.. Public Treaty Mexican army had to return to Mexico Prisoners would be exchanged Santa Anna would be sent back to Mexico Private Treaty Santa Anna would persuade Mexican leaders to recognize Texas independence & acknowledge the Rio Grande as the border between Texas & Mexico

39 the Republic of Texas Coahuila y Tejas (Before the Revolution) These are the borders that Texans will claim as the new Republic of Texas after the Revolution is over

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