1 Does your family history include? High blood pressure High cholesterol Heart disease, heart disease before age 50 in a male relative or before age 60 in a female relative, or heart attack Diabetes Breast cancer (in female or male relatives) Colorectal cancer or colon polyps Endometrial cancer Ovarian cancer Osteoporosis, bone fracture in adulthood Thyroid disease or thyroid cancer Gum (periodontal) disease Hearing problems, deafness Vision problems, eye disease, blindness Cancer, heart disease, diabetes, or any health problem at an unusually young age (10 to 20 years before most people get the health problem) Two relatives with the same kind of cancer Certain combination of cancers within a family, such as: breast and ovarian cancer, colorectal cancer and endometrial cancer Birth defects or genetic disorder (you or your partner) Blood pressure test Cholesterol test Blood pressure test, cholesterol test Blood glucose or A1c test Mammogram, breast self-exam, clinical breast exam, genetic counseling to discuss breast and ovarian cancer risk, breast MRI, ovarian cancer Colonoscopy, sigmoidoscopy, DCBE, fecal occult blood test, genetic counseling to discuss cancer risk Colon screening, genetic counseling to discuss endometrial and colon cancer risk, transvaginal ultrasound with endometrial biopsy Genetic counseling to discuss ovarian and breast cancer risk, ovarian cancer, colon screening, clinical breast exam, mammogram Bone mineral density test Thyroid test and/or genetic counseling to discuss risk of thyroid cancer Oral exam Hearing test Vision exam. If you want to become pregnant, genetic counseling for you and your partner. page 1 These charts list screenings,, or exams you might need more often or earlier because of having highrisk factors or things in your life that increase your chances of developing a condition or disease. Check with your insurance plan to find out which are covered.
2 Are You? African-American Latina Asian-American American Indian or Alaska Native Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander South Asian/Asian Indian descent Ashkenazi Jewish descent A non-pregnant woman of childbearing age College age Pregnant Postmenopausal and younger than 65 Age Age 65 or older glucose or A1c test, vision exam, colonoscopy, mammogram, Pap test, genetic counseling for sickle cell anemia, HIV test, STI, TB test glucose or A1c test, mammogram, Pap test, colonoscopy, TB test Blood glucose or A1c test, mammogram, Pap test, colonoscopy, bone mineral density test cholesterol test, pneumococcal, mammogram, Pap test, colonoscopy cholesterol test, mammogram, Pap test, colonoscopy cholesterol test Genetic counseling for certain disorders that are passed down in families, such as Tay-Sachs disease, if you want to become pregnant; genetic counseling for BRCA1/2 mutation if you have a family history of breast or ovarian cancer MMR, varicella, HPV, Td/ Tdap MMR, varicella, human papilloma virus (HPV), meningococcal, Td/ Tdap, flu Blood pressure test, blood glucose test, urine test, HIV test, STI, hepatitis B antigen test, flu, Td/Tdap, hepatitis B, anemia/iron deficiency screening, depression screening Osteoporosis risk factor evaluation and possibly bone mineral density test Shingles (herpes zoster), flu, Td/ Tdap, varicella Bone mineral density test, flu, pneumococcal, Td booster, varicella, shingles (herpes zoster) page 2
3 Are You? A smoker Overweight Living in prison Living in long-term care A health care worker A military recruit A member or former member of the military A vegan Blood pressure test, cholesterol test, bone mineral density test, oral exam, vision exam, pneumococcal Blood pressure test, blood glucose or A1c test, cholesterol test TB test, HIV test, STI, hepatitis B and C, MMR, Td/Tdap, varicella, hepatitis B, other or s based on your age, medical history, or risk factors TB test, flu, pneumococcal, varicella TB test, flu, MMR, varicella, Td/Tdap, HIV test, hepatitis B test, hepatitis B Meningococcal, varicella Depression screening Vitamin B12, vitamin D, calcium, and n-3 fatty acid supplementation page 3 High blood pressure High cholesterol Heart disease Diabetes Gestational diabetes (diabetes during pregnancy) A baby weighing more than 9 lbs. or A1c test, vision exam or A1c test glucose or A1c test, flu, pneumococcal and A1c, vision exam, urine test, flu, pneumococcal, taking aspirin Blood glucose test Blood glucose or A1c test
4 Breast cancer Dense breasts Cervical, endometrial, uterine, vaginal cancer Ovarian cancer Previous abnormal Pap An autoimmune disease (such as lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, scleroderma, multiple sclerosis, psoriasis, type 1 diabetes, inflammatory bowel disease, thyroid disease) Chronic lung disease (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) Chronic liver disease Thyroid nodule or disease Gum disease (periodontitis) Colon (adenomatous) polyps, colon cancer, inflammatory bowel disease Developmental delay Eye injury or disease Ear injury or prolonged exposure to loud noise Mammogram, clinical breast exam, breast selfexam, pelvic exam, other imaging or lab, genetic counseling for ovarian and breast cancer risk, ovarian cancer Digital mammogram Pap test, pelvic exam, follow-up imaging or lab, screening for other types of cancer, such as ovarian or colorectal cancers Pelvic exam, follow-up lab, blood, and imaging, genetic counseling, screening for other types of cancer, such as breast or colorectal cancers Pap test, pelvic exam, HPV test, HPV Thyroid test, TB test, flu, pneumococcal, bone mineral density test, vision exam, other lab and imaging Flu, pneumococcal Hepatitis A and B s, flu, pneumococcal Thyroid test, thyroid ultrasound or other imaging, bone mineral density test Oral exam Colonoscopy and other colon, genetic counseling to discuss colon and endometrial cancers that can run in families, transvaginal ultrasound with endometrial biopsy Vision exam, hearing test, oral exam, bone health screening, hepatitis B Vision exam Hearing test page 4
5 HIV/AIDS Received blood transfusion or solid organ transplant before 1992 Received clotting factor concentrates produced before 1987 Received blood transfusion between 1978 and 1985 Multiple sex partners (or a partner who has or had multiple sex partners) Eating disorder Alcoholism Injection drug use or drug addiction Sexually transmitted infection Lived or worked with someone exposed to tuberculosis A serious injury (cut or laceration) A baby recently (within the last few weeks or months) Antiretroviral therapy, drug-resistance testing, CD4 count, viral load, and other lab, oral exam, vision exam, Pap test, pelvic exam, TB test, STI, blood glucose or A1c test, cholesterol test, hepatitis screening, thyroid test, flu, pneumococcal, hepatitis A and B s, HPV, Td/Tdap, MMR, varicella, depression screening, family planning Hepatitis C test Hepatitis C test HIV test STI, hepatitits B, HIV test, HPV Blood pressure test, bone mineral density test, dental exam, mental health screening, full physical exam Flu, pneumococcal, TB test, mental health screening, liver, bone mineral density test Hepatitis A and B s, hepatitis C test, STI, HIV test, mental health screening, TB test STI, Pap test, HIV test, pelvic exam, hepatitis B, HPV TB test Td/Tdap Postpartum depression screening Content last updated March 1, page 5