Invocación remota (based on M. L. Liu Distributed Computing -- Concepts and Application

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1 Departament d Arquitectura de Computadors Invocación remota (based on M. L. Liu Distributed Computing -- Concepts and Application Local Objects vs. Distributed Objects Local s are those whose methods can only be invoked by a local process, a process that runs on the same computer on which the exists. A distributed is one whose methods can be invoked by a remote process, a process running on a computer connected via a to the computer on which the exists. 2

2 The Distributed Object Paradigm In a distributed paradigm, resources are represented by distributed s. To request service from a resource, a process invokes one of its operations or methods, passing data as parameters to the method. The method is executed on the remote host, and the response is sent back to the requesting process as a return value. Host A Host B process method call state data item operation a distributed 3 An Archetypal Distributed Objects System registry runtime runtime physical data path logical data path 4

3 Local Procedure Call and Remote Procedure Call host A proc1 proc2 execution flow A local procedure call 1. proc1 on host A makes a call to proc 2 on host B. 2. The runtime maps the call to a call to the on host A. 3. The marshalls the data and makes an IPC call to a on host B. 7. The received the return value, unmarshalls the data, and forwards the return value to proc1, which resumes its execution flow. host A proc1 host B proc2 A remote procedure call (the return execution path is not shown) 4. The on host B unmarshalls the data received and issues a call to proc2. 5. The code in proc2 is executed and returns to the on host B. 6. The marshalls the return value and makes an IPC call to the on host A. 5 Remote Procedure Calls (RPC) - 2 Since its introduction in the early 1980s, the Remote Procedure Call model has been widely in use in applications. There are two prevalent APIs for this paradigm. the Open Network Computing Remote Procedure Call, evolved from the RPC API originated from Sun Microsystems in the early 1980s. The other well-known API is the Open Group Distributed Computing Environment (DCE) RPC. Both APIs provide a tool, rpcgen, for transforming remote procedure calls to local procedure calls to the stub. 6

4 The Java RMI Architecture Directory service s the interface with the application program maps the platform-independent stub/skeleton layer to the platform-dependent transport layer; carries out remote reference protocols sets up, maintains, and shuts down connections; and carries out the transport protocol stub remote reference layer transport layer skeleton remote reference layer transport layer logical data path physical data path 7 CORBA: The Basic Architecture naming service naming lookup implementation stub skeleton ORB ORB operating system operating system logical data flow physical data flow 8

5 SOAP: Remote Procedure Call using HTTP service web method name, parameter list return value web HTTP request HTTP response 9 SOAP Messages SOAP envelope SOAP header header block header block optional SOAP body message body required 10

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