5. What year did Columbus set sail to America, and how old would he have been?

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1 Drive Thru History American History Episode 1 The Discovery, Introduction, Christopher Columbus, The Khan-Polo Connection, Florence, Setting Sail in Spain, Amerigo Vespucci 1. Where was Christopher Columbus from? 2. When was Columbus born? 3. What was the career of Columbus father? 4. When did Columbus start learning to sail? 5. What year did Columbus set sail to America, and how old would he have been? 6. Genghis Khan was from what country? 7. Khan s large empire brought increased trade with what three regions? 8. Who was in prison in Genoa, Italy, 200 years before Columbus was born? 9. Why was he in prison? 10. What did he do while in prison? 11. What route was Marco Polo, one of the first Europeans, to travel? 12. Where did Polo travel to with his father and uncle? 13. Who did Polo visit while there?

2 14. How long did it take Polo to deliver Kublai Khan s letters to the Pope? 15. Pope Gregory X didn t send 100 friars back to Khan. How many did he send? 16. Who escorted the friars back to Rome after they became too scared to visit Khan? 17. What areas was China connected to through the Silk Road? 18. How long was the Silk Road? 19. Why had trade between Europe, China, and India dwindled? 20. Columbus wanted to find an alternate trade route. Why was his plan rejected? 21. Who sponsored Columbus so he could find an alternate trade route? 22. What were the names of Columbus three boats? 23. Columbus captained one ship. Who captained the other two ships? 24. Who was commissioned to map the New World? 25. Who did Columbus credit for his discovery?

3 Essay Questions 1. Who was Genghis Khan, and why would he be important in history? 2. How did Marco Polo influence Columbus? Explain. 3. What was the Silk Road, and why was it so important to the modern world? 4. How was the spread of Christianity into Asia halted in Marco Polo s time? 5. Columbus had difficulties getting the support/money to find a new trade route. Describe what he had to go through in order to finally set sail. 6. If you had heard the news of Columbus travels, how would it have affected and/or inspired you? Write about what feelings the news would have evoked in you. 7. How did America get its name?

4 Drive Thru History American History Episode 1 The Discovery, Introduction, Christopher Columbus, The Khan-Polo Connection, Florence, Setting Sail in Spain, Amerigo Vespucci Answer Key 1. Where was Christopher Columbus from? A. Genoa, Italy 2. When was Columbus born? A What was the career of Columbus father? A. Wool weaver 4. When did Columbus start learning to sail? A. As a teenager 5. What year did Columbus set sail to America, and how old would he have been? A. 1492, at the age of Genghis Khan was from what country? A. Mongolia 7. Khan s large empire brought increased trade with what three regions? A. The West (Europe), Middle East, Asia 8. Who was in prison in Genoa, Italy, 200 years before Columbus was born? A. Marco Polo

5 9. Why was he in prison? A. Venice and Genoa were at war, and he was captured while fighting for Venice. 10. What did he do while in prison? A. Wrote a book about his travels 11. What route was Marco Polo, one of the first Europeans, to travel? A. The Silk Road 12. Where did Polo travel to with his father and uncle? A. China 13. Who did Polo visit while there? A. Kublai Khan, the grandson of Genghis Khan 14. How long did it take Polo to deliver Kublai Khan s letters to the Pope? A. Three years 15. Pope Gregory X didn t send 100 friars back to Khan. How many did he send? A. Two 16. Who escorted the friars back to Rome after they became too scared to visit Khan? A. The Knights Templar 17. What areas was China connected to through the Silk Road? A. Asia Minor and the Mediterranean 18. How long was the Silk Road? A. About 5,000 miles over land and sea

6 19. Why had trade between Europe, China, and India dwindled? A. It was due to Muslim attackers on the Silk Road. 20. Columbus wanted to find an alternate trade route. Why was his plan rejected? A. It was too risky and too expensive. 21. Who sponsored Columbus so he could find an alternate trade route? A. King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain 22. What were the names of Columbus three boats? A. Pinta, Nina, Santa Maria 23. Columbus captained one ship. Who captained the other two ships? A. The Pinzon brothers 24. Who was commissioned to map the New World? A. Amerigo Vespucci 25. Who did Columbus credit for his discovery? A. God Suggestions to consider for inclusion in the essay answers: 1. Who was Genghis Khan, and why would he be important in history? A. A Mongol military leader, he conquered and united the Mongol tribes, he founded the Mongol empire which was the largest empire in history, he built a powerful army and was one of the most successful leaders in history, he ruled a large part of Asia, he created a peaceful political environment which made trade with Europe, the Middle East, and Asia easy. 2. How did Marco Polo influence Columbus? Explain. A. He wrote a book about his travels on the Silk Road and meeting Kublai Khan, Khan used Polo to send letters to the Pope in Rome, Khan wanted

7 the Pope to send 100 educated men (friars) to instruct his empire in the ways of Christianity, Columbus read this book and it inspired him, Columbus felt called by God to find a new trade route. 3. What was the Silk Road, and why was it so important to the modern world? A. It was a series of interconnected trade routes, connecting China, Asia Minor, and the Mediterranean; was over 5,000 miles long over land and sea; allowing these regions to finally trade with each other; once trade was established it expanded the goods the people had access to; trading became very popular. 4. How was the spread of Christianity into Asia halted in Marco Polo s time? A. Kublai Khan asked for 100 friars from the Pope by sending letters with Marco Polo, it took Polo three years to get back to Rome, the sitting Pope, Clement, died. It took two years to name a new pope, Gregory X. Gregory X only sent two friars and some gifts for Khan, the Muslim warriors on the route to China terrified the friars, and they returned to Rome. China turned to Buddhism instead. 5. Columbus had difficulties getting the support/money to find a new trade route. Describe what he had to go through in order to finally set sail. A. Everyone laughed at his idea; spent 20 years pitching his idea to Portugal, England, France, and Spain. Spain rejected it several times because it was too risky and the wrong time, monk Father Juan Perez arranged a meeting with the king and queen of Spain, Spain had just defeated the Moors and wanted to expand, Columbus was finally given the funds (a ship and crew) to set sail. 6. If you had heard the news of Columbus travels, how would it have affected and/or inspired you? Write about what feelings the news would have evoked in you. A. Answers will vary. 7. How did America get its name? A. Amerigo Vespucci was commissioned by the king and queen of Spain to investigate the new lands discovered by Columbus. Vespucci discovered the large land mass we now call South America, and he thought it was a new continent, not Asia. He gets credit for figuring out that Columbus found a new world, not India or China. Martin Waldseemuller made a

8 world map and named the new continent America. He took Vespucci s first name, Amerigo and turned it into the Latin Americus. He then feminized the name to America. The name stuck.

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