NEW STATE DATA CONFIRMS RUNAWAY ABUSE OF PUNITIVE DAMAGES

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "NEW STATE DATA CONFIRMS RUNAWAY ABUSE OF PUNITIVE DAMAGES"

Transcription

1 Originally Published in The Legal Backgrounder, a publication of the Washington Legal Foundation, February 7, NEW STATE DATA CONFIRMS RUNAWAY ABUSE OF PUNITIVE DAMAGES By John H. Sullivan The debate over punitive damages continues. In both appellate and legislative venues, state and federal, the question continues to be asked: Have punitive or exemplary damages become foremost a moneyproducing tool for plaintiffs lawyers and secondarily a special device for punishing defendants whose tortuous acts were so far in excess of ordinary negligence that a dollar sanction beyond compensation for the harm caused is in the public interest? Since 1985, twelve state legislatures have concluded the former and have limited punitive damages. 1 Opponents of this legislation -- supporters of statutorily unconstrained availability of punitive damages -- continue to argue that no problem exists. They often rely on statistics comparing the number of jury verdicts including punitive damages to the total number of tort suits filed. This provides a huge denominator and a relatively small numerator, and the resulting small percentage produced is presented as evidence that "punitive damages aren't a problem because they are so seldom awarded." Proponents of punitive damage reform have countered with data showing year-to-year increases in total, average, and median awards that greatly exceed corresponding increases in benchmark indices such as population, the Consumer Price Index, and Gross Domestic Product. More recently, studies in Alabama and California have produced a new and powerful indicator of punitive damages' paramount use as a revenue raiser. Both states are notorious for their examples of skyrocketing punitive damage awards and allegations, and for the fact that their legislatures have remained indifferent to this serious and growing problem. 1 Colorado (1986), Florida (1986), Illinois (1995), Indiana (1995), Kansas (1988), Nevada (1989), New Jersey (1995), North Dakota (1993), Oklahoma (1995), Ohio (1996), Texas (1995), Virginia (1987); in addition, punitive damages are prohibited by common law in Massachusetts, Nebraska, and Washington, and by statute in Louisiana and New Hampshire. American Tort Reform Association, Dec. 31, 1996.

2 This new study data looks at incidence of punitive damage demands, that is, the percentage of lawsuits filed for damages which include a request for punitive damages. The results confirm statistically what has been anecdotally argued -- that punitive damage claims are asserted almost routinely in any case where they are theoretically possible, but often without regard to the facts of the particular case. This phenomenon is important to the current debate because the overwhelming majority of suits involving a punitive damage demand -- like all other civil suits -- are settled or otherwise concluded without reaching the jury verdict stage. Thus the demand itself, which always involves initially an open-ended amount potentially many times larger that the actual damages at issue, operates as a major factor in increasing the settlement value of a case and in some instances giving strength to what otherwise would be a barely viable allegation. This LEGAL BACKGROUNDER reviews that new information, with an emphasis on California. 2 Incidence of Punitive Damage Claims in California San Francisco. The first California punitive damage claim incidence study was conducted in the San Francisco superior court and published in February 1996 by the Pacific Research Institute for Public Policy (PRI). The Role of Punitive Damages in Civil Litigation: New Evidence from Lawsuit Filings, Pacific Research Institute for Public Policy, Feb It revealed that punitive damages were claimed in 27% of all cases where they are conceivably recoverable. Breaking the data down by defendant type, the study found that punitive damages were demanded in 39% of the tort and contract suits filed against businesses and 35% of those suits filed against government agencies. The study analyzed 1,024 cases filed during a one-month period January 2, 1991, to February 1, This period was selected because it was the most recent in which nearly all the cases filed had been resolved by settlement, dismissal, or trial by the time of the study, thereby permitting data to be collected on their ultimate disposition. Of the 1,024 cases examined, 9 were sealed by the court and unavailable. Of the remaining cases, 537 (53%) were based on one of three causes of action where punitive damages were potentially recoverable: common law tort, 2 Further information on the empirical data for each study referenced in this LEGAL BACKGROUNDER can be obtained from those who performed each respective study.

3 statutory tort, and contract. (Although punitive damages are ordinarily not available in contract actions, many contract suits also include a fraud or similar cause of action which can include a claim for punitive damages.) The tort cases included automobile negligence actions in which punitive damages are permitted only in those rare situations involving extreme recklessness or an actual intent to injure. The other 478 (47%) of the cases reviewed involved injunctions, family law matters, civil petitions, and other actions in which punitive damages are not even theoretically possible. The study found that 98% of the cases reviewed were settled or otherwise concluded prior to going to a jury verdict, a percentage in the range usually found by similar studies. Other California Counties. A four-county study funded by the Association for California Tort Reform (ACTR) and conducted in mid-1996 provided more evidence of a high frequency of claims for punitive damages. Overall, the study found that nearly a third of all contract and tort cases involved demands for punitive damages. The ACTR study analyzed 2,528 superior court cases filed during 1995 and 1996 in Los Angeles, San Diego San Joaquin, and Sacramento counties. Punitive damages were sought far more frequently in Southern California counties. In San Diego, punitive damages were demanded in 60% of the tort and contract suits against government entities, 41% of the suits against businesses, and 26% of the suits filed against individuals. In Los Angeles county, the percentages were 36% in lawsuits filed against government entities, 50% in suits against businesses, and 20% in suits against individuals. In the more northern counties, the results were as follows: Sacramento, 28% in lawsuits filed against government entities, 30% in suits against businesses, and 11% in suits against individuals; San Joaquin, 30% in lawsuits filed against government entities, 28% in suits against businesses, and 9% in suits against individuals. The four counties were selected to achieve variety in geography and demographics. Researchers looked at every filing in each county beginning with October 1, This date was selected as the most recent date that would ensure that basic pleadings would be finalized before research was undertaken. The research was conducted in May and June All filings were examined in the order they were filed with a goal of reaching at least 500 "study pool" cases in which punitive damage

4 claims were at least theoretically possible based on the case's basic classification (common law tort, statutory punitive damages, contract cases). In all, 3,825 filings were examined, resulting in study pool cases as follows: Los Angles, 484; Sacramento, 674; San Diego, 540; San Joaquin, 830. In each county cases were not included in such cases were pure equity matters and miscellaneous civil petitions, such as requests for injunctive relief or requests of name change. Incidence of Punitive Damage Claims in Alabama In 1995 testimony before the Senate Committee on the Judiciary, George L. Priest, John M. Olin Professor of Law and Economics at Yale Law School presented research findings on the incidence of punitive damage claims in three Alabama counties. Testimony of George L. Priest Before the Senate Committee on the Judiciary on Punitive Damages Tort Reform, Apr, 5, This research found that punitive damage claims as a percentage of all tort cases filed in fiscal were: Barbour County, 78%; Bullock County, 76%; and Lowndes County, 65%. Looking at the same counties in 1994, the incidence figures were: Barbour, 72%; Bullock, 96%; and Lowndes, 79%. Continuing research by Professor Priest shows increases in these already-incredible figures. George L Priest, The Punitive Damages Phenomenon in Alabama: A Preliminary Report, Oct 24, For calendar 1995 the numbers are Barbour County, 84%; Bullock County, 88% and Lowndes County, 90%. And for the first six months of 1996 the numbers are: Barbour County, 86%; Bullock County, 98%; and Lowndes County, 92%. Thus, in these jurisdictions punitive damage claims are extremely common and becoming almost an automatic inclusion in tort cases. Observations on the Data It is generally observed that California courts and juries in metropolitan areas are more prone to favor civil plaintiffs than in small cities and rural areas. Conversely, Alabama's national reputation is that of small county courts and juries more than ready to find for plaintiffs, especially against out-of-state defendants. (In fact, Professor Priest points

5 out that over his two-year study period, total punitive damage verdicts in the three small Alabama counties have constituted roughly 40% of all trial court punitive damage verdicts in the state.) In this light, a comparison of the incidence of punitive damage claims between Alabama and California and between California's largest metropolitan counties (San Francisco, Los Angeles, San Diego) and smaller urban jurisdictions (Sacramento and San Joaquin) shows differences that make sense. In all counties, Professor Priest's Alabama observations apply: "These numbers show that the role of punitive damages has changed dramatically in our civil jury system, from an occasional remedy invoked against outrageous action to a commonplace of tort law practice." Although California law permits unlimited punitive damages, its statutory criteria for awarding punitive damages are, on their face, relatively rigorous: Proof by "clear and convincing" evidence that the defendant has been guilty of "oppression, fraud, or malice," with "malice" defined as "conduct which is intended to cause injury, " or "despicable conduct" which is carried on by the defendant with a "willful and conscious disregard of the rights or safety of others." "Oppression" is defined as "despicable conduct that subjects a person to cruel and unjust hardship in conscious disregard of that person's rights." CIVIL CODE (A), (C) (A) (2). It is simply not plausible that attorneys actually find in this large percentage of cases, especially against governments and businesses, evidence to accuse organizations and individuals of the "despicable" actions necessary to justify seeking punitive damages. The motivation for these very common demands is clear. They raise the stakes, tilt the negotiating balance toward the plaintiff, and thereby increase the ultimate settlement value of the case and the verdict risk tot he defendant if the case does not settle. This pressure is achieved with very little, if any, additional financial or strategic exposure to the plaintiff's attorney and his or her client. Under the current civil justice system, there is little or no downside to adding to a tort claim an allegation that were it made unfounded in virtually any other context could subject both the attorney and his or her client to action for libel. Thus one must return to restating the harm that this current process is causing. First, and not directly an economic issue, is the lack of fairness in the practice of accusing individuals and organizations of

6 serious misdeeds based on conclusions rather that evidence. Second, is the unjust extraction of a higher settlement based on the accusation. Third is the added cost to the courts (and the taxpayers) of an increased volume of litigation brought about by the manner in which the prospect of a punitive damage award makes it more likely that a case with a marginal basis will be pursued. One cannot help but recall the words of Justice Lewis Powell, who wrote: The grant of standardless discretion to punish has no parallel in our system of justice... a jury imposing punitive damages acts as a legislator and judge, without the training, experience, or guidance of either... the plaintiff in a punitive damage case has every incentive to seek to inflate the award in any way possible, since the award will go into his pocket. It is long past time to bring the law of punitive damages into conformity with our notions of just punishment, and with the tradition of other nations that also protect their citizens against arbitrary deprivations. Draft opinion circulated March 6, 1986 by Justice Lewis Powell to his associates in Aetna Life Insurance Co. v. Lavoie (draft in papers of Justice Thurgood Marshall at the Library of Congress, excerpts published in The Wall Street Journal, Mar. 8, 1995).

7 Association for California Tort Reform 100 RUNAWAY ABUSE OF PUNITIVE DAMAGES Los Angeles San Diego San Francisco San Joaquin Sacramento Primary Defendant Individuals Governments Businesses Percent of contract and tort cases which include a demand for punitive damages. 2/97

SUPERIOR COURT OF CALIFORNIA COUNTY OF LOS ANGELES

SUPERIOR COURT OF CALIFORNIA COUNTY OF LOS ANGELES 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 Attorney for Defendants John Smith, and Stan Moon SUE KIM SUPERIOR COURT OF CALIFORNIA COUNTY OF LOS ANGELES CENTRAL DISTRICT, MOSK COURTHOUSE UNLIMITED Plaintiff vs. JOHN SMITH, an

More information

GLOSSARY OF SELECTED LEGAL TERMS

GLOSSARY OF SELECTED LEGAL TERMS GLOSSARY OF SELECTED LEGAL TERMS Sources: US Courts : http://www.uscourts.gov/library/glossary.html New York State Unified Court System: http://www.nycourts.gov/lawlibraries/glossary.shtml Acquittal A

More information

Policy Brief January 2011

Policy Brief January 2011 Policy Brief January 2011 Bonds. Appeal Bonds. Protecting the Right to Appeal in the Era of Multimillion Dollar Verdicts Prepared by Chris McIsaac Sponsors of the Arizona Chamber Foundation are leaders

More information

False Claims Laws: What Every Public Contract Manager Needs to Know By Aaron P. Silberman 1

False Claims Laws: What Every Public Contract Manager Needs to Know By Aaron P. Silberman 1 False Claims Laws: What Every Public Contract Manager Needs to Know By Aaron P. Silberman 1 When Do False Claims Laws Apply? The federal False Claims Act (FCA) applies to any requests for payment from

More information

Removal to Federal Court - The New Rules Making it a Federal Case: New Developments Presented by Kevin Schiferl Frost Brown Todd (Indianapolis, IN)

Removal to Federal Court - The New Rules Making it a Federal Case: New Developments Presented by Kevin Schiferl Frost Brown Todd (Indianapolis, IN) Removal to Federal Court - The New Rules Making it a Federal Case: New Developments Presented by Kevin Schiferl Frost Brown Todd (Indianapolis, IN) The Federal Courts Jurisdiction and Venue Clarification

More information

ASSEMBLY BILL No. 597

ASSEMBLY BILL No. 597 AMENDED IN ASSEMBLY APRIL 14, 2015 california legislature 2015 16 regular session ASSEMBLY BILL No. 597 Introduced by Assembly Member Cooley February 24, 2015 An act to amend Sections 36 and 877 of, and

More information

Arizona State Senate Issue Paper June 22, 2010 MEDICAL MALPRACTICE. Statute of Limitations. Note to Reader: INTRODUCTION

Arizona State Senate Issue Paper June 22, 2010 MEDICAL MALPRACTICE. Statute of Limitations. Note to Reader: INTRODUCTION Arizona State Senate Issue Paper June 22, 2010 Note to Reader: The Senate Research Staff provides nonpartisan, objective legislative research, policy analysis and related assistance to the members of the

More information

Deficit Reduction Act Employee Information Requirements

Deficit Reduction Act Employee Information Requirements November 9, 2006 Deficit Reduction Act Employee Information Requirements The Deficit Reduction Act ( DRA ) requires states participating in the Medicaid program to amend their State Plans to mandate that

More information

Recent Developments and Emerging Issues in Coverage/Bad Faith Claims

Recent Developments and Emerging Issues in Coverage/Bad Faith Claims Recent Developments and Emerging Issues in Coverage/Bad Faith Claims The Impact of the Current Economic/Political Climate On Bad Faith Claims By Charles T. Blair Washington, DC I. Bad faith claims are

More information

CALIFORNIA FALSE CLAIMS ACT GOVERNMENT CODE SECTION 12650-12656

CALIFORNIA FALSE CLAIMS ACT GOVERNMENT CODE SECTION 12650-12656 CALIFORNIA FALSE CLAIMS ACT GOVERNMENT CODE SECTION 12650-12656 12650. (a) This article shall be known and may be cited as the False Claims Act. (b) For purposes of this article: (1) "Claim" includes any

More information

14-Sep-15 State and Local Tax Deduction by State, Tax Year 2013

14-Sep-15 State and Local Tax Deduction by State, Tax Year 2013 14-Sep-15 State and Local Tax Deduction by State, Tax Year 2013 (millions) deduction in state dollars) claimed (dollars) taxes paid [1] state AGI United States 44.2 100.0 30.2 507.7 100.0 11,483 100.0

More information

Illinois Association of Defense Trial Counsel, IDC Quarterly, Vol. 9., No. 2

Illinois Association of Defense Trial Counsel, IDC Quarterly, Vol. 9., No. 2 Property Insurance By: Michael S. Sherman Chuhak & Tecson P.C. Chicago Extra-Contractual Damages Against Insurers: What is the Statute of Limitations? Background The Illinois Legislature has provided a

More information

Claims & Litigation Overview

Claims & Litigation Overview B P O i l D i s a s t e r : R e s t o r a t i o n & R e c o v e r y Claims & Litigation Overview SEPTEMBER 2014 Thousands of lawsuits have been filed as a result of the Deepwater Horizon disaster. These

More information

ASSEMBLY BILL No. 597

ASSEMBLY BILL No. 597 california legislature 2015 16 regular session ASSEMBLY BILL No. 597 Introduced by Assembly Member Cooley February 24, 2015 An act to amend Sections 36 and 877 of, and to add Chapter 6 (commencing with

More information

Background Paper 79-5 PRODUCT LIABILITY

Background Paper 79-5 PRODUCT LIABILITY Background Paper 79-5 PRODUCT LIABILITY PRODUCT LIABILITY Product liability refers to the legal responsibility by the manufacturer or marketer of a product for any bodily injury or property damage caused

More information

IN THE SUPERIOR COURT OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA IN AND FOR THE COUNTY OF SAN FRANCISCO UNLIMITED CIVIL CASE

IN THE SUPERIOR COURT OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA IN AND FOR THE COUNTY OF SAN FRANCISCO UNLIMITED CIVIL CASE Christopher B. Dolan (SBN ) Shawn R. Miller (SBN ) Market Street San Francisco, CA Tel: () -00 Fax: () -0 Attorneys for Plaintiff CHARLENE HASTINGS IN SUPERIOR COURT OF STATE OF CALIFORNIA IN AND FOR COUNTY

More information

Claims & Litigation Overview

Claims & Litigation Overview B P O i l D i s a s t e r : R e s t o r a t i o n & R e c o v e r y Claims & Litigation Overview DECEMBER 2013 Hundreds of lawsuits have been filed as a result of the Deepwater Horizon disaster. These

More information

AN OVERVIEW OF DAMAGES IN GEORGIA. By Craig R. White

AN OVERVIEW OF DAMAGES IN GEORGIA. By Craig R. White AN OVERVIEW OF DAMAGES IN GEORGIA By Craig R. White SKEDSVOLD & WHITE, LLC. 1050 Crown Pointe Parkway Suite 710 Atlanta, Georgia 30338 (770) 392-8610 FAX: (770) 392-8620 EMAIL: cwhite@skedsvoldandwhite.com

More information

CHAPTER 2. COLORADO COURT SYSTEM Updated by Honorable Julie E. Anderson

CHAPTER 2. COLORADO COURT SYSTEM Updated by Honorable Julie E. Anderson CHAPTER 2 COLORADO COURT SYSTEM Updated by Honorable Julie E. Anderson THE LEGAL SYSTEM IN COLORADO The Colorado Constitution defines the structure and gives the power to the three units that comprise

More information

NURSING HOME CARE ACT INTRODUCTION. The Nursing Home Care Act, 210 ILCS 45/1, et seq., was adopted amid concern over

NURSING HOME CARE ACT INTRODUCTION. The Nursing Home Care Act, 210 ILCS 45/1, et seq., was adopted amid concern over NURSING HOME CARE ACT INTRODUCTION The Nursing Home Care Act, 210 ILCS 45/1, et seq., was adopted amid concern over reports of inadequate, improper and degrading treatment of patients in nursing homes.

More information

CRS Report for Congress

CRS Report for Congress Order Code RL32928 CRS Report for Congress Received through the CRS Web Breastfeeding and Jury Duty: State Laws, Court Rules, and Related Issues May 17, 2005 Douglas Reid Weimer Legislative Attorney American

More information

IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) CONSENT JUDGMENT

IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) CONSENT JUDGMENT IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, et al., v. Plaintiffs, HSBC NORTH AMERICA HOLDINGS INC., et al., Defendants. ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) Civil

More information

Cardelli Lanfear P.C.

Cardelli Lanfear P.C. Michigan Prepared by Cardelli Lanfear P.C. 322 West Lincoln Royal Oak, MI 48067 Tel: 248.850.2179 Fax: 248.544.1191 1. Introduction History of Tort Reform in Michigan Michigan was one of the first states

More information

If you have questions or comments, please contact Jim Schenkel at 415-553-4000, or email info@quojure.com.

If you have questions or comments, please contact Jim Schenkel at 415-553-4000, or email info@quojure.com. 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 Please note: This sample document is redacted from an actual research and writing project we did for a customer some time ago. It reflects the law as of the date we completed it. Because

More information

MALICIOUS PROSECTION

MALICIOUS PROSECTION MALICIOUS PROSECTION DALE JEFFERSON, Houston Martin, Disiere, Jefferson & Wisdom, L.L.P. State Bar of Texas CAUSES OF ACTION March 30-31, 2006 - Irving April 6-7, 2006 Houston CHAPTER 18 MALICIOUS

More information

Personal Injury Litigation

Personal Injury Litigation Personal Injury Litigation The Anatomy of a New York Personal Injury Lawsuit An ebook by Stuart DiMartini, Esq. 1325 Sixth Avenue, 27 th Floor New York, NY 10019 212-5181532 dimartinilaw.com Introduction

More information

Key Lawsuit Reforms & Their Impact

Key Lawsuit Reforms & Their Impact Key Lawsuit Reforms & Their Impact December, 2014 Mike Seney, S.V.P Policy Analysis & Strategic Planning (mseney@okstatechamber.com) Fast Facts Twenty-six major lawsuit reforms from 2009 2014: Most of

More information

29 of 41 DOCUMENTS. SAN DIEGO ASSEMBLERS, INC., Plaintiff and Appellant, v. WORK COMP FOR LESS INSURANCE SERVICES, INC., Defendant and Respondent.

29 of 41 DOCUMENTS. SAN DIEGO ASSEMBLERS, INC., Plaintiff and Appellant, v. WORK COMP FOR LESS INSURANCE SERVICES, INC., Defendant and Respondent. Page 1 29 of 41 DOCUMENTS SAN DIEGO ASSEMBLERS, INC., Plaintiff and Appellant, v. WORK COMP FOR LESS INSURANCE SERVICES, INC., Defendant and Respondent. D062406 COURT OF APPEAL OF CALIFORNIA, FOURTH APPELLATE

More information

Torts Violation of Criminal Statute as Negligence Per Se or Mere Evidence of Negligence

Torts Violation of Criminal Statute as Negligence Per Se or Mere Evidence of Negligence Washington University Law Review Volume 1950 Issue 2 January 1950 Torts Violation of Criminal Statute as Negligence Per Se or Mere Evidence of Negligence McCormick V. Wilson Follow this and additional

More information

Joint and Several Liability Under Texas Tort Law

Joint and Several Liability Under Texas Tort Law Joint and Several Liability Under Texas Tort Law By Frank Vlahakos and Fred A. Simpson This article points out some recent changes in the basic requirements to establish a defendant s joint and several

More information

THE US LEGAL SYSTEM: A Short Description. Federal Judicial Center

THE US LEGAL SYSTEM: A Short Description. Federal Judicial Center THE US LEGAL SYSTEM: A Short Description Federal Judicial Center Background The United States Constitution establishes a federal system of government. The Constitution gives specific powers to the federal

More information

Case 2:12-cv-03005-KJM-KJN Document 16 Filed 05/01/13 Page 1 of 6

Case 2:12-cv-03005-KJM-KJN Document 16 Filed 05/01/13 Page 1 of 6 Case :-cv-000-kjm-kjn Document Filed 0/0/ Page of IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 0 IMAGES BY KAREN MARIE, et al., v. Plaintiffs, THE HARTFORD FINANCIAL SERVICES GROUP,

More information

NO. COA10-193 NORTH CAROLINA COURT OF APPEALS. Filed: 2 November 2010. Appeal by Respondents from orders entered 14 September 2009 by

NO. COA10-193 NORTH CAROLINA COURT OF APPEALS. Filed: 2 November 2010. Appeal by Respondents from orders entered 14 September 2009 by NO. COA10-193 NORTH CAROLINA COURT OF APPEALS Filed: 2 November 2010 CARL B. KINGSTON, Petitioner, v. Rockingham County No. 09 CVS 1286 LYON CONSTRUCTION, INC., and PMA INSURANCE GROUP, Respondents. Appeal

More information

Appendix G: Summary of State Studies on Tort Reforms

Appendix G: Summary of State Studies on Tort Reforms Appendix G: Summary of State Studies on Tort Reforms ing Office, Medical Malpractice: SIX State Case Studies Show Claims and Insurance Costs Still Rise Despite Reforms, HRD-87-21 (Washington, DC U S Government

More information

ESTATE LAWYERS PRIOR ACTS COVERAGE APPLICATION

ESTATE LAWYERS PRIOR ACTS COVERAGE APPLICATION ESTATE LAWYERS PRIOR ACTS COVERAGE APPLICATION This is an Application for a Claims Made and Reported in Writing Prior Acts Reporting Period If the space given is insufficient, please attach a separate

More information

Tax Research: Understanding Sources of Tax Law (Why my IRC beats your Rev Proc!)

Tax Research: Understanding Sources of Tax Law (Why my IRC beats your Rev Proc!) Tax Research: Understanding Sources of Tax Law (Why my IRC beats your Rev Proc!) Understanding the Federal Courts There are three levels of Federal courts that hear tax cases. At the bottom of the hierarchy,

More information

1101 Connecticut Avenue, NW Suite 400 Washington, DC 20036 (202) 682-1163 Fax (202) 682-1022 www.atra.org. July 1, 2008

1101 Connecticut Avenue, NW Suite 400 Washington, DC 20036 (202) 682-1163 Fax (202) 682-1022 www.atra.org. July 1, 2008 Tort Reform Record 1101 Connecticut Avenue, NW Suite 400 Washington, DC 20036 (202) 682-1163 Fax (202) 682-1022 www.atra.org July 1, 2008 The Tort Reform Record is published each July and December to record

More information

TABLE OF CONTENTS 1.00 ORGANIZATION AND AUTHORITY 1.01 TAX DIVISION AUTHORITY... 1-1 1.02 CRIMINAL ENFORCEMENT SECTIONS ORGANIZATION CHART...

TABLE OF CONTENTS 1.00 ORGANIZATION AND AUTHORITY 1.01 TAX DIVISION AUTHORITY... 1-1 1.02 CRIMINAL ENFORCEMENT SECTIONS ORGANIZATION CHART... TABLE OF CONTENTS 1.00 ORGANIZATION AND AUTHORITY 1.01 TAX DIVISION AUTHORITY... 1-1 1.02 CRIMINAL ENFORCEMENT SECTIONS ORGANIZATION CHART... 1-3 1.03 CRIMINAL ENFORCEMENT SECTIONS -- DELEGATION OF AUTHORITY...

More information

F I S C A L I M P A C T R E P O R T

F I S C A L I M P A C T R E P O R T Fiscal impact reports (FIRs) are prepared by the Legislative Finance Committee (LFC) for standing finance committees of the NM Legislature. The LFC does not assume responsibility for the accuracy of these

More information

SUPERIOR COURT OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA IN AND FOR THE COUNTY OF SOMEWHERE ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) )

SUPERIOR COURT OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA IN AND FOR THE COUNTY OF SOMEWHERE ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) Harvey C. Berger (SBN POPE & BERGER 0 West "C" Street, Suite 100 San Diego, California 1 Telephone: (1-1 Facsimile: (1 - Attorneys for Plaintiff PLAINTIFF SUPERIOR COURT OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA IN AND

More information

CALIFORNIA COURTS AND THE JUDICIAL SYSTEM

CALIFORNIA COURTS AND THE JUDICIAL SYSTEM CALIFORNIA COURTS AND THE JUDICIAL SYSTEM California Courts and the Judicial System Unlike the federal system, in which judges are appointed by the president, confirmed by the Senate, and serve for life

More information

American Tort Reform Association 1101 Connecticut Ave, NW Suite 400 Washington, DC 20036 (202) 682-1163 Fax: (202) 682-1022 www.atra.

American Tort Reform Association 1101 Connecticut Ave, NW Suite 400 Washington, DC 20036 (202) 682-1163 Fax: (202) 682-1022 www.atra. American Tort Reform Association 1101 Connecticut Ave, NW Suite 400 Washington, DC 20036 (202) 682-1163 Fax: (202) 682-1022 www.atra.org 2015 State Tort Reform Enactments Alabama Arizona Arkansas Indiana

More information

F I L E D July 17, 2013

F I L E D July 17, 2013 Case: 12-11255 Document: 00512311028 Page: 1 Date Filed: 07/17/2013 IN THE UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE FIFTH CIRCUIT No. 12-11255 Summary Calendar COMPANION PROPERTY AND CASUALTY INSURANCE COMPANY,

More information

Adrian G. Driscoll's Representative Experience

Adrian G. Driscoll's Representative Experience Adrian G. Driscoll's Representative Experience Practice Area: Construction, Coverage, Insurance Services, Lawyers, Professional Liability Key Issues: Attorney Malpractice; Attorney's Fees and Costs; Construction

More information

OREGON LAW AT-A-GLANCE

OREGON LAW AT-A-GLANCE 1. ASSUMPTION OF THE RISK: This doctrine was abolished in Oregon. ORS 31.620(2). But see Comparative Negligence below. 2. COLLATERAL SOURCE RULE: The Court may deduct from a damages award certain collateral

More information

IN THE SUPERIOR COURT OF THE STATE OF DELAWARE

IN THE SUPERIOR COURT OF THE STATE OF DELAWARE IN THE SUPERIOR COURT OF THE STATE OF DELAWARE WEIH STEVE CHANG, et al., ) ) Plaintiffs, ) ) v. ) C.A. No. N15C-10-100 EMD ) JENNIFER L. MAYO, ) ) Defendant. ) Submitted: June 6, 2016 Decided: June 28,

More information

Commonwealth of Kentucky Court of Appeals

Commonwealth of Kentucky Court of Appeals RENDERED: DECEMBER 7, 2012; 10:00 A.M. NOT TO BE PUBLISHED ORDERED PUBLISHED FEBRUARY 8, 2013; 10:00 A.M. Commonwealth of Kentucky Court of Appeals NO. 2011-CA-000990-MR RANDY PEZZAROSSI APPELLANT APPEAL

More information

PROBATION VS. PAROLE STATE BY STATE COMPARISON

PROBATION VS. PAROLE STATE BY STATE COMPARISON STATE ADULT SUPERVISION UNIFIED LOCATION CLASSIFICATION ARMED ARREST POWERS JUVENILE SUPERVISION UNIFIED LOCATION CLASSIFICATION ARMED ARREST POWERS Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Legislative

More information

This briefing paper summarizes the measures the Montana Legislature has put into place to improve the state's medical liability climate.

This briefing paper summarizes the measures the Montana Legislature has put into place to improve the state's medical liability climate. SRJ 35: Study of Health Care Medical Malpractice: Montana's Approach to Limiting Liability by Sue O'Connell, Research Analyst Prepared for the Children, Families, Health, and Human Services Interim Committee

More information

Policy Summary. Dram Shop Liability

Policy Summary. Dram Shop Liability Policy Summary Dram Shop Liability This policy summary is excerpted from: The December 2015 Report to Congress on the Prevention and Reduction of Underage Drinking Dram Shop Liability Policy Description

More information

INVERSE CONDEMNATION INTRODUCTION. Article I, Section 19 of The California Constitution provides the basis for recovery

INVERSE CONDEMNATION INTRODUCTION. Article I, Section 19 of The California Constitution provides the basis for recovery INVERSE CONDEMNATION I. INTRODUCTION Article I, Section 19 of The California Constitution provides the basis for recovery against government entities and public utilities via the theory of inverse condemnation.

More information

NOT TO BE PUBLISHED IN OFFICIAL REPORTS IN THE COURT OF APPEAL OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA FOURTH APPELLATE DISTRICT DIVISION THREE

NOT TO BE PUBLISHED IN OFFICIAL REPORTS IN THE COURT OF APPEAL OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA FOURTH APPELLATE DISTRICT DIVISION THREE Filed 5/28/15 Lopez v. Fishel Co. CA4/3 NOT TO BE PUBLISHED IN OFFICIAL REPORTS California Rules of Court, rule 8.1115(a), prohibits courts and parties from citing or relying on opinions not certified

More information

HP0868, LD 1187, item 1, 123rd Maine State Legislature An Act To Recoup Health Care Funds through the Maine False Claims Act

HP0868, LD 1187, item 1, 123rd Maine State Legislature An Act To Recoup Health Care Funds through the Maine False Claims Act PLEASE NOTE: Legislative Information cannot perform research, provide legal advice, or interpret Maine law. For legal assistance, please contact a qualified attorney. Be it enacted by the People of the

More information

CASE NO. 1D12-2739. John W. Wesley of Wesley, McGrail & Wesley, Ft. Walton Beach, for Appellants.

CASE NO. 1D12-2739. John W. Wesley of Wesley, McGrail & Wesley, Ft. Walton Beach, for Appellants. IN THE DISTRICT COURT OF APPEAL FIRST DISTRICT, STATE OF FLORIDA JARVIS A. HOLMES and MARSHA HOLMES, v. Appellants, NOT FINAL UNTIL TIME EXPIRES TO FILE MOTION FOR REHEARING AND DISPOSITION THEREOF IF

More information

VII. JUDGMENT RULE 54. JUDGMENTS; COSTS

VII. JUDGMENT RULE 54. JUDGMENTS; COSTS VII. JUDGMENT RULE 54. JUDGMENTS; COSTS (a) Definition; Form. Judgment as used in these rules includes a decree and any order from which an appeal lies. A judgment shall not contain a recital of pleadings

More information

2013 IL App (1st) 120898-U. No. 1-12-0898

2013 IL App (1st) 120898-U. No. 1-12-0898 2013 IL App (1st) 120898-U FOURTH DIVISION March 28, 2013 No. 1-12-0898 NOTICE: This order was filed under Supreme Court Rule 23 and may not be cited as precedent by any party except in the limited circumstances

More information

Whistleblower Cases an Overview

Whistleblower Cases an Overview Whistleblower Cases an Overview by John P. Leader, Esq. 1 1 John is a former Assistant United States Attorney, where he practiced for nine (9) years in the Criminal Division of the Arizona Office. Page

More information

IN THE COURT OF APPEAL OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA SECOND APPELLATE DISTRICT DIVISION SEVEN B179806

IN THE COURT OF APPEAL OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA SECOND APPELLATE DISTRICT DIVISION SEVEN B179806 Filed 10/19/05; pub. order 11/16/05 (see end of opn.) IN THE COURT OF APPEAL OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA SECOND APPELLATE DISTRICT DIVISION SEVEN Conservatorship of the Persons of JERRY P. KAYLE et al.

More information

Medicare Advantage Cuts in the Affordable Care Act: March 2013 Update Robert A. Book l March 2013

Medicare Advantage Cuts in the Affordable Care Act: March 2013 Update Robert A. Book l March 2013 Medicare Advantage Cuts in the Affordable Care Act: March 2013 Update Robert A. Book l March 2013 The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) recently announced proposed rules that would cut payments

More information

BILL ANALYSIS. Senate Research Center C.S.S.B. 1309 By: Wentworth Jurisprudence 4/5/2007 Committee Report (Substituted)

BILL ANALYSIS. Senate Research Center C.S.S.B. 1309 By: Wentworth Jurisprudence 4/5/2007 Committee Report (Substituted) BILL ANALYSIS Senate Research Center C.S.S.B. 1309 By: Wentworth Jurisprudence 4/5/2007 Committee Report (Substituted) AUTHOR'S / SPONSOR'S STATEMENT OF INTENT C.S.S.B. 1309 gives the State of Texas civil

More information

National Center for Charitable Statistics Phone: Fax: PROFILES OF INDIVIDUAL CHARITABLE CONTRIBUTIONS BY STATE, 2011

National Center for Charitable Statistics Phone: Fax: PROFILES OF INDIVIDUAL CHARITABLE CONTRIBUTIONS BY STATE, 2011 THE URBAN INSTITUTE Center on Nonprofits and Philanthropy National Center for Charitable Statistics Phone: 202-261-5790 Fax: 202-833-6231 November 2013 PROFILES OF INDIVIDUAL CHARITABLE CONTRIBUTIONS BY

More information

Minnesota False Claims Act

Minnesota False Claims Act Minnesota False Claims Act (Minn. Stat. 15C.01 to.16) i 15C.01 DEFINITIONS Subdivision 1. Scope. --For purposes of this chapter, the terms in this section have the meanings given them. Subd. 2. Claim.

More information

NOTICE OF CLASS ACTION SETTLEMENT GRECO V. SELECTION MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS, INC. San Diego Superior Court Case No. 37-2014-00085074-CU-BT-CTL

NOTICE OF CLASS ACTION SETTLEMENT GRECO V. SELECTION MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS, INC. San Diego Superior Court Case No. 37-2014-00085074-CU-BT-CTL NOTICE OF CLASS ACTION SETTLEMENT GRECO V. SELECTION MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS, INC. San Diego Superior Court Case No. 37-2014-00085074-CU-BT-CTL The Superior Court has authorized this notice. This is not a solicitation

More information

Ranking of States Domestic Violence Laws

Ranking of States Domestic Violence Laws SPECIAL REPORT Ranking of States Domestic Violence Laws P.O. Box 1221 Rockville, MD 20849 www.saveservices.org Copyright November 2010, Stop Abusive and Violent Environments. SAVE: STOP ABUSIVE AND VIOLENT

More information

Washington v. Oregon Insurance Law

Washington v. Oregon Insurance Law Washington v. Oregon Insurance Law Pacific Northwest Chapter of the CPCU Society November 6, 2014 Meeting About Us Misty Edmundson edmundson@sohalang.com (206) 654-6604 Paul Rosner rosner@sohalang.com

More information

Case 5:14-cv-00590-OLG Document 9 Filed 07/31/14 Page 1 of 11 IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT WESTERN DISTRICT OF TEXAS SAN ANTONIO DIVISION

Case 5:14-cv-00590-OLG Document 9 Filed 07/31/14 Page 1 of 11 IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT WESTERN DISTRICT OF TEXAS SAN ANTONIO DIVISION Case 5:14-cv-00590-OLG Document 9 Filed 07/31/14 Page 1 of 11 IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT WESTERN DISTRICT OF TEXAS SAN ANTONIO DIVISION DESTINY ANNMARIE RIOS Plaintiff VS. CIVIL ACTION NO. 5:14-cv-00590

More information

SUPERIOR COURT OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA

SUPERIOR COURT OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA Paul L. Hoffman, CSB #1 Michael D. Seplow, CSB # 0 K. Arianne Jordan, CSB # 1 SCHONBRUN DeSIMONE SEPLOW HARRIS & HOFFMAN LLP Ocean Front Walk Venice, California 01 Telephone: ( -01 Fax: ( -00 Gloria Allred,

More information

Workers Compensation Cost Data

Workers Compensation Cost Data Workers Compensation Cost Data Edward M. Welch Workers Compensation Center School of Labor and Industrial Relations Michigan State University E-mail: welche@msu.edu Web Page: http://www.lir.msu.edu/wcc/

More information

Case Management Conferences Product Details

Case Management Conferences Product Details 40 Case Management Conferences Product Details I. INTRODUCTION A. Scope of Chapter 40.1 B. Governing Law 1. Statutes 40.2 2. California Rules of Court 40.3 3. Local Rules 40.4 II. DIFFERENTIAL CASE MANAGEMENT

More information

NOT FOR PUBLICATION UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE NINTH CIRCUIT

NOT FOR PUBLICATION UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE NINTH CIRCUIT NOT FOR PUBLICATION UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FILED MAY 19 2016 MOLLY C. DWYER, CLERK U.S. COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE NINTH CIRCUIT THE TRAVELERS INDEMNITY COMPANY, a Connecticut corporation, v. Plaintiff

More information

US Department of Health and Human Services Exclusion Program. Thomas Sowinski Special Agent in Charge/ Reviewing Official

US Department of Health and Human Services Exclusion Program. Thomas Sowinski Special Agent in Charge/ Reviewing Official US Department of Health and Human Services Exclusion Program Thomas Sowinski Special Agent in Charge/ Reviewing Official Overview Authority to exclude individuals and entities from Federal Health Care

More information

What Trustees Should Know About Florida s New Attorneys Fee Statute. By David P. Hathaway and David J. Akins. Introduction

What Trustees Should Know About Florida s New Attorneys Fee Statute. By David P. Hathaway and David J. Akins. Introduction What Trustees Should Know About Florida s New Attorneys Fee Statute By David P. Hathaway and David J. Akins Introduction More and more lawsuits are filed in Florida alleging that the trustee of a trust

More information

MOHAVE COUNTY JUSTICE COURT. If you want to file a SMALL CLAIMS ANSWER

MOHAVE COUNTY JUSTICE COURT. If you want to file a SMALL CLAIMS ANSWER MOHAVE COUNTY JUSTICE COURT If you want to file a SMALL CLAIMS ANSWER MOHAVE COUNTY JUSTICE COURT You (the defendant) have TWENTY (20) calendar days to file an answer to the small claims complaint. The

More information

Use of Eminent Domain for Economic Development: Reaction to Kelo by State Legislatures

Use of Eminent Domain for Economic Development: Reaction to Kelo by State Legislatures Use of Eminent Domain For Economic Development Use of Eminent Domain for Economic Development: Reaction to Kelo by State Legislatures Updated June, 2006 CCIM Institute 430 N. Michigan Avenue Chicago, IL

More information

COURT OF APPEAL, FOURTH APPELLATE DISTRICT DIVISION ONE STATE OF CALIFORNIA

COURT OF APPEAL, FOURTH APPELLATE DISTRICT DIVISION ONE STATE OF CALIFORNIA Filed 10/4/13; pub. order 10/28/13 (see end of opn.) COURT OF APPEAL, FOURTH APPELLATE DISTRICT DIVISION ONE STATE OF CALIFORNIA SAN DIEGO ASSEMBLERS, INC., D062406 Plaintiff and Appellant, v. WORK COMP

More information

Your questions answered

Your questions answered Your questions answered You likely have many questions about the legal process and your individual case. We want you to be fully informed, so we are happy to answer them. If you have questions that are

More information

T.C. Memo. 2014-106 UNITED STATES TAX COURT. WHISTLEBLOWER 10949-13W, Petitioner v. COMMISSIONER OF INTERNAL REVENUE, Respondent

T.C. Memo. 2014-106 UNITED STATES TAX COURT. WHISTLEBLOWER 10949-13W, Petitioner v. COMMISSIONER OF INTERNAL REVENUE, Respondent T.C. Memo. 2014-106 UNITED STATES TAX COURT WHISTLEBLOWER 10949-13W, Petitioner v. COMMISSIONER OF INTERNAL REVENUE, Respondent Docket No. 10949-13W. Filed June 4, 2014. Sealed, for petitioner. Sealed,

More information

IN THE COURT OF APPEAL OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA SECOND APPELLATE DISTRICT DIVISION EIGHT

IN THE COURT OF APPEAL OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA SECOND APPELLATE DISTRICT DIVISION EIGHT Filed 10/11/13 CERTIFIED FOR PUBLICATION IN THE COURT OF APPEAL OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA SECOND APPELLATE DISTRICT DIVISION EIGHT ED AGUILAR, Plaintiff and Respondent, v. B238853 (Los Angeles County

More information

Referred to Committee on Judiciary. SUMMARY Revises provisions relating to certain civil actions involving negligence. (BDR 3-954)

Referred to Committee on Judiciary. SUMMARY Revises provisions relating to certain civil actions involving negligence. (BDR 3-954) S.B. SENATE BILL NO. SENATOR ROBERSON MARCH, Referred to Committee on Judiciary SUMMARY Revises provisions relating to certain civil actions involving negligence. (BDR -) FISCAL NOTE: Effect on Local Government:

More information

Recording Telephone Calls with Parties in Different Jurisdictions

Recording Telephone Calls with Parties in Different Jurisdictions United States Telephone Recording Laws Legal Aspects of Recording Telephone Conversations: A Practical Guide The federal Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968, 18 U.S.C. Sec. 2510 et seq.,

More information

Glossary of Court-related Terms

Glossary of Court-related Terms Glossary of Court-related Terms Acquittal Adjudication Appeal Arraignment Arrest Bail Bailiff Beyond a reasonable doubt Burden of proof Capital offense Certification Charge Circumstantial evidence Citation

More information

State Government Indigent Defense Expenditures, FY 2008 2012 Updated

State Government Indigent Defense Expenditures, FY 2008 2012 Updated U.S. Department of Justice Office of Justice Programs Bureau of Justice Statistics Revised April 21, 2015 Special Report JULY 2014 NCJ 246684 State Government Indigent Defense, FY 2008 2012 Updated Erinn

More information

If we cannot reach a favorable settlement, my colleagues and I are ready, willing and able to go to trial.

If we cannot reach a favorable settlement, my colleagues and I are ready, willing and able to go to trial. Robert A. Chapman Phone (312) 606 8752 E mail rchapman@chapmanspingola.com "For more than 10 years, Swift Engineering has turned to Bob Chapman to handle our litigation and advise us when disputes come

More information

Cuellar, Coleman, Maxey, Dukes ORGANIZATION bill analysis 4/30/97 (CSHB 820 by Berlanga) Civil actions to recover fraudulent Medicaid claims

Cuellar, Coleman, Maxey, Dukes ORGANIZATION bill analysis 4/30/97 (CSHB 820 by Berlanga) Civil actions to recover fraudulent Medicaid claims HOUSE HB 820 RESEARCH Cuellar, Coleman, Maxey, Dukes ORGANIZATION bill analysis 4/30/97 (CSHB 820 by Berlanga) SUBJECT: COMMITTEE: VOTE: Civil actions to recover fraudulent Medicaid claims Public Health

More information

An additional settlement has been reached in the class action about American Cemwood roofing shakes.

An additional settlement has been reached in the class action about American Cemwood roofing shakes. SUPERIOR COURT FOR THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA, COUNTY OF SAN JOAQUIN An additional settlement has been reached in the class action about American Cemwood roofing shakes. A court authorized this notice. This

More information

State Estate Taxes BECAUSE YOU ASKED ADVANCED MARKETS

State Estate Taxes BECAUSE YOU ASKED ADVANCED MARKETS ADVANCED MARKETS State Estate Taxes In 2001, President George W. Bush signed the Economic Growth and Tax Reconciliation Act (EGTRRA) into law. This legislation began a phaseout of the federal estate tax,

More information

IN THE COURT OF APPEAL OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA SECOND APPELLATE DISTRICT DIVISION FIVE B254585

IN THE COURT OF APPEAL OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA SECOND APPELLATE DISTRICT DIVISION FIVE B254585 Filed 2/26/15 Vega v. Goradia CA2/5 NOT TO BE PUBLISHED IN THE OFFICIAL REPORTS California Rules of Court, rule 8.1115(a), prohibits courts and parties from citing or relying on opinions not certified

More information

United States Department of Justice Executive Office for United States Trustees. Public Report:

United States Department of Justice Executive Office for United States Trustees. Public Report: United States Department of Justice Executive Office for United States Trustees Public Report: Debtor Audits by the United States Trustee Program Fiscal Year 2014 (As required by Section 603(a)(2)(D) of

More information

Excerpt from IDA website at Under what circumstances can a Canadian salesperson deal with a retail client present in the United States?

Excerpt from IDA website at  Under what circumstances can a Canadian salesperson deal with a retail client present in the United States? Excerpt from IDA website at www.ida.ca Under what circumstances can a Canadian salesperson deal with a retail client present in the United States? Dealings with clients in the United States are governed

More information

The Weight Of Chavez V. City Of Los Angeles

The Weight Of Chavez V. City Of Los Angeles Portfolio Media, Inc. 860 Broadway, 6 th Floor New York, NY 10003 www.law360.com Phone: +1 646 783 7100 Fax: +1 646 783 7161 customerservice@portfoliomedia.com The Weight Of Chavez V. City Of Los Angeles

More information

Impacts of Sequestration on the States

Impacts of Sequestration on the States Impacts of Sequestration on the States Alabama Alabama will lose about $230,000 in Justice Assistance Grants that support law STOP Violence Against Women Program: Alabama could lose up to $102,000 in funds

More information

SPORTS LAW TERMS AND DEFINITIONS

SPORTS LAW TERMS AND DEFINITIONS SPORTS LAW TERMS AND DEFINITIONS A Agreement to Participate. A document used to inform sports, recreation and fitness participants of the nature of an activity, the risks involved, and the behaviors expected

More information

Canada (Québec) Litigation Guide IBA Litigation Committee

Canada (Québec) Litigation Guide IBA Litigation Committee The Process of a Typical Commercial Case Canada (Québec) Litigation Guide IBA Litigation Committee Christopher Richter crichter@woods.qc.ca Eric Bédard ebedard@woods.qc.ca Woods LLP 2000 McGill College

More information

Multijurisdictional Practice of Law for In-House Counsel

Multijurisdictional Practice of Law for In-House Counsel Multijurisdictional Practice of Law for In-House Counsel Presentation for Association of Corporate Counsel - Charlotte March 2010 Robinson, Bradshaw & Hinson, P.A. Robert E. Harrington and Peter C. Buck

More information

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES STAFF ANALYSIS REFERENCE ACTION ANALYST STAFF DIRECTOR

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES STAFF ANALYSIS REFERENCE ACTION ANALYST STAFF DIRECTOR HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES STAFF ANALYSIS BILL #: HB 785 CS Asbestos-Related Claims SPONSOR(S): Gelber TIED BILLS: IDEN./SIM. BILLS: SB 2228 REFERENCE ACTION ANALYST STAFF DIRECTOR 1) Judiciary Committee

More information

Venture Capital Tax Credits By State

Venture Capital Tax Credits By State Venture Capital Tax Credits By State Alabama States Credit Amount Eligibility Notes Alaska Arizona Angel Investment Bill (Direct Tax Credit available for investments made after June 30, 2006, for tax years

More information

REFERENCE ACTION ANALYST STAFF DIRECTOR or. 1) Civil Justice Subcommittee 8 Y, 5 N, As CS Malcolm Bond

REFERENCE ACTION ANALYST STAFF DIRECTOR or. 1) Civil Justice Subcommittee 8 Y, 5 N, As CS Malcolm Bond HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES STAFF ANALYSIS BILL #: CS/HB 1199 Damages in Personal Injury Actions SPONSOR(S): Civil Justice Subcommittee; Metz and others TIED BILLS: None IDEN./SIM. BILLS: SB 1240 REFERENCE

More information

IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLORADO

IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLORADO IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLORADO Civil Action No. INFANT SWIMMING RESEARCH, INC., v. Plaintiff, FAEGRE & BENSON, LLP, MARK FISCHER, JUDY HEUMANN, NORMAN HEUMANN, BOULDER

More information