President Woodrow Wilson & Entry into WWI

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1 President Woodrow Wilson & Entry into WWI

2 At the beginning of his term President Woodrow Wilson once remarked, It would be an irony of fate if my administration had to deal chiefly with foreign affairs.

3 Foreign Policy Wilson was a moralist. 1. Believed in black and white: Definite right or wrong Used what he called missionary diplomacy 1. Brought a moral tone to the Monroe Doctrine 2. Said U.S. had a moral obligation to deny recognition of any Latin American government that it viewed as oppressive, undemocratic, or hostile to American Interests 3. Once he said I m going to teach the people of Latin America to elect good men.

4 Back to Clock Home Classroom Timer 00

5 Back to Clock Home Classroom Timer 00

6 He believed that the world could be changed for the better with the right people in charge.

7 Entry into WWI (The Great War) Factors leading to the War in Europe N.I.M.A.

8 Imperialism Alliance system Nationalism Militarism WWI

9 Back to Clock Home Classroom Timer 00

10 Back to Clock Home Classroom Timer 00

11 1. *Nationalism Extreme pride in one s country & the perception that your country is should be the best at everything & has a right to certain things On the rise worldwide

12 2. *Imperialism On the rise due to industrialization and nationalism Countries showing their strength around the world Countries desiring to expand their empires and take what s due to them They are a great world power, why shouldn t they take what they want?

13 3. *Militarism The building up of military strength & a willingness to use military force A celebration of military strength On the rise because of nationalism & imperialism If we want to expand, we are going to expand, even if that means war, & we ve got to build up our military so no one can keep us from expanding.

14 4. The *Alliance System Countries had secret agreements with one another They basically said, If someone attacks you, we ll declare war on them and fight with you.

15 So when a kerfuffle broke out in Europe in 1914 all of Europe erupted in war So did their colonies all over the world hence the term WORLD WAR

16 France, Great Britain, & Russia (Allies) Germany, Austria- Hungary, Italy, & the Ottoman Empire (Central Powers)

17 Great Britain Russia Germany France Austria- Hungary Italy Serbia Greece Ottoman Empire

18 America s Response Those immoral Europeans, when will they ever get it together? Americans did not want to get involved *ISOLATIONISM! It s not our fight; It s not our war. Wilson won re-election in 1916 on the campaign slogan he kept us out of war.

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20 Factors leading to U.S. involvement 1. Money Remember What s guiding U.S. foreign policy PROTECT AMERICAN FINANCIAL INTERESTS around the world! The U.S. had been loaning money to the Allies throughout the war We wanted to make sure that they won so we could get repaid Germans Threatening U.S. Shipping

21 British Blockade The British Navy would not allow any shipments to make it into Germany Germans could not get food from outside, so people started to starve Germany s Response was to surround Great Britain with U-boats (submarines) and keep ships out of Britain 1915 Sunk the Lusitania The Titanic s sister ship 128 Americans Died

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23 Germany was using U-Boats to attack ships This of course had to do with Money But also nationalism American Pride We re not at war with anyone, so we have a right to ship our goods to whomever we d like!

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25 2. The *Zimmerman Note A Telegram from Germany to Mexico Intercepted by the British Said that If Mexico would go to war with the U.S. Germany would back Mexico & help them gain back all their lost territory in Texas, New Mexico, & Arizona

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28 3. The Russian Revolution 1917-When the Czar of Russia (an oppressive dictator) was overthrown & replaced by a Representative Government, the U.S. could now claim this was a war of Democracies VS brutal monarchies

29 4. Missionary Diplomacy Wilson wanted to reform Europe He wanted to end alliances and spread democracy He saw it as a moral obligation However, he knew that he could never have a say in shaping postwar Europe, if America didn t fight in the war

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31 Money Zimmerman Note Russian revolution U.S. Gets in WWI Missionary Diplomacy

32 With this, Wilson could no longer stay out of the conflict. April 2, 1917 Wilson delivered a war Resolution, which was passed by congress a few days later.

33 SOME THINGS TO NOTE: The U.S. came in at the end of the war. Contrary to popular belief we did not win the war for the allies. The allies were going to win We shortened it by 6 months or so (U.S. collective memory says WE saved France. TWICE! )

34 The reasons the Wilson gave for going to war had to do with solving the problems of Europe. Wilson didn t want to just go help our economic allies He wanted to change the face of Europe Mission Ideal He d be a Hero

35 Wilson knew that if the US wanted to be involved in the peace of the war it would have to be involved in the fighting The reasons he gave, he called his 14 points. These were the goals he would pursue once the fighting was over.

US.27 Justify with supporting detail from text, the reasons for American entry into World War I, including the use of unrestricted submarine warfare

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