Characteristics of the Text Genre Nonfi ction Text Structure

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1 LESSON 12 TEACHER S GUIDE by Elizabeth Shu Fountas-Pinnell Level B Nonfiction Selection Summary Many winter animals like snow a bird, rabbit, fox, moose, and a family of bears. Number of Words: 41 Characteristics of the Text Genre Nonfi ction Text Structure Content Themes and Ideas Language and Literary Features Sentence Complexity Vocabulary Words Illustrations Book and Print Features First-person narrative; narrator is not revealed until the fi nal page. Focused on a single topic Each page focused on one animal; the last page shows a family of bears. Winter animals Snow It s fun to learn about animals who like snow. There are animals that live outside in winter. Simple, straightforward language Repetitive sentence patterns, changing only one word on each page until fi nal page: The likes snow. My mom likes snow. Four-word sentences Simple sentence structure in fi rst sentence on pages 2 5: subject, predie, object Animal names supported by photos: bird, rabbit, fox, moose Highlighted high-frequency words: my, with Color photos support text. Five pages of text with one photo on each page Two lines of text on each page Good spacing between words Fountas, I.C. & Pinnell, G.S. Teaching for Comprehending and Fluency, Heinemann, Portsmouth, N.H. Copyright by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company All rights reserved. No part of this work may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying or recording, or by any information storage or retrieval system, without the prior written permission of the copyright owner unless such copying is expressly permitted by federal copyright law. Permission is hereby granted to individual teachers using the corresponding (discipline) Leveled Readers to photocopy student worksheets from this publiion in classroom quantities for instructional use and not for resale. Requests for information on other matters regarding dupliion of this work should be addressed to Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company, Attn: Contracts, Copyrights, and Licensing, 9400 SouthPark Center Loop, Orlando, Florida Printed in the U.S.A <printer code here> If you have received these materials as examination copies free of charge, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company retains title to the materials and they may not be resold. Resale of examination copies is strictly prohibited. Possession of this publiion in print format does not entitle users to convert this publiion, or any portion of it, into electronic format. K_302041_BL_VRTG_L12_Snow.indd 1 1/25/10 4:19:35 PM

2 by Elizabeth Shu Build Background Read the title to children and talk with them about the rabbit in the cover photo. Ask them what they think they will learn about animals in the snow. Build interest with questions such as: What is the rabbit sitting on? How do you think the rabbit stays warm in the snow? Introduce the Text Guide children through the text, noting important ideas, and helping with unfamiliar language and vocabulary. Explain important text features such as the repetition of the phrase: The likes snow that tells the names of different animals. Here are some suggestions: Page 2: Explain that this is a book about animals that like snow. Point out that an animal is telling the story but the reader won t find out what animal it is until the end. Suggested language: Turn to page 2. What kind of animal is this? The book says: The bird likes snow. My mom likes snow. Say my. What letter would you see fi rst in my? Find my and put your fi nger under it. Page 3: Explain that the children can use information in the photos to help them read. Now on page 3 what can you see in the snow? Yes, this is a rabbit. So, the fi rst sentence says: The rabbit likes snow. Page 4: Turn to page 4. When you look at the photo, what do you see? How do you think this fox stays warm in the snow? What will the book say on this page? Page 5: Look at the photo on page 5. Do you know this animal? This is a moose. What is he standing in? Yes, snow! The moose likes snow, too. Now go back to the beginning and read about different animals that like snow. Try to fi nd out who is telling the story. Have children turn to the at the back of the book. Read each word aloud and then together. Explain any unknown words. Tell children to look for these words as they read. my with 2 Lesson 12: K_302041_BL_VRTG_L12_Snow.indd 2 1/13/10 11:55:05 PM

3 Read Now have children read softly while pointing under each word. Observe children as they read. Respond to the Text Personal Response Ask children to share their personal responses to the book. Begin by asking what they liked best about the book or what they found interesting. Suggested language: What is one new thing you learned about the animals in this book? Would you want to read this book again? Why? Ways of Thinking As you discuss the text, make sure children understand these teaching points: Thinking Within the Text Thinking Beyond the Text Thinking About the Text A bird, rabbit, fox, moose, and a family of bears like the snow. It s fun to learn about animals who like the snow. There are animal families in nature. Some animals can live outdoors in cold weather. The author uses almost the same language on each page. The photos show what each animal looks like. The author wants to tell readers about animals who like snow. The author surprises the reader on the last page when she shows which animal has a mom who likes snow Fountas, I.C. & Pinnell, G.S. Teaching for Comprehending and Fluency, Heinemann, Portsmouth, N.H. Choices for Support Concepts of Print Practice early reading behaviors such as understanding the concept of letter and word. Phonemic Awareness and Word Work Provide practice as needed with words and sounds, using one of the following activities: Clapping Syllables Have children hear and say syllables from the book: animals; snow; like; moose; rabbit; bird; fox. Have them clap on each syllable: an-i-mals; snow; like; moose; rab-bit; bird; fox. Recognize High-Frequency Words Materials: index cards and a box. Write a few easy high-frequency words on index cards, such as: the, a, I, and, like, see, you, go, my, with. Ask children to choose an index card and read the word. Finding Letters Have children recognize letters by name and loe them quickly in words. Use letters from the words in the story, including: bird, likes, snow, rabbit, fox, moose. 3 Lesson 12: K_302041_BL_VRTG_L12_Snow.indd 3 12/23/09 9:41:48 PM

4 Writing About Reading Vocabulary Practice Read the directions and have children complete the Vocabulary questions on BLM Responding Have children complete the vocabulary activities on page 7. Building Vocabulary Animals Build on the animal words in. Suggested language: Let s think about some other animals that would like the snow, too. Think about some animals that we see in the park or in our community, or some other animals we have read about. Would dogs like the snow? As children suggest animals, write their words and sentences on the board or on a large strip of paper. Begin the list with the words: like the snow. (Possible suggestions: dogs, squirrels, wolves, deer, penguins) After children have suggested the animal names, read the list together. Point to each word as you read. All these animals like the snow! Writing Prompt Read aloud the following prompt. Have children draw and write their responses, using the writing prompt on page 6. Draw a picture of two animals from the book meeting in the snow. Write about what the animals are doing. 4 Lesson 12: K_302041_BL_VRTG_L12_Snow.indd 4 12/29/09 5:51:32 PM

5 English Language Learners Cultural Support Some children have never seen snow. Talk about how snow affects children s lives, including their clothing, outdoor activities, school activities, and transportation. Oral Language Development Check the children s comprehension, using a dialogue that best matches their English proficiency level. Speaker 1 is the teacher, Speaker 2 is the child. Beginning/ Early Intermediate Intermediate Early Advanced/ Advanced Speaker 1: Point to the rabbit. Speaker 2: [Points to rabbit] Speaker 1: Point to the bears. Speaker 2: [Points to bears] Speaker 1: Can you point to the fox? Speaker 2: [Point to fox] Speaker 1: What is one animal that likes the snow? Speaker 2: the bird (or rabbit, fox, moose, bears) Speaker 1: What is another animal that likes the snow? Speaker 2: rabbit (or bird, fox, moose, bears) Speaker 1: What do all the animals in this book like? Speaker 2: All the animals like the snow. Speaker 1: What do you see on the last page of the book? Speaker: I see a mother bear and her baby bear cubs in the snow. Name Date Lesson 12 BLACKLINE MASTER 12.1 Say the after I say them. Circle the words with and my in the sentences. with my 1. Will my cows come in? 2. My cows will come with me. Circle the one with the same vowel sound as my. Read directions to children.. All rights reserved. 3, Unit 3: Outside My Door 5 Lesson 12: K_302041_BL_VRTG_L12_Snow.indd 5 12/23/09 12:00:30 PM

6 Name Draw a picture of two animals from the book meeting in the snow. Date Write about what the animals are doing. 6 Lesson 12: K_302041_BL_VRTG_L12_Snow.indd 6 12/23/09 2:14:35 AM

7 Name Date Lesson 12 BLACKLINE MASTER 12.1 Say the after I say them. Circle the words with and my in the sentences. with my 1. Will my cows come in? 2. My cows will come with me. Circle the one with the same vowel sound as my. 7 Lesson 12: K_302041_BL_VRTG_L12_Snow.indd 7 12/23/09 2:14:36 AM

8 Student Date Lesson 12 BLackline master level b Running Record Form page Selection Text Errors Self-Corrections 2 The bird likes snow. My mom likes snow. 3 The rabbit likes snow. My mom likes snow. 4 The fox likes snow. My mom likes snow. 5 The moose likes snow. My mom likes snow. 6 Here is my mom. I am with my mom. Comments: Accuracy Rate (# words read correctly/41 100) % Self-Correction Rate (# errors + # Self-Corrections/ Self-Correction) 1: Behavior Code Error Read word correctly Repeated word, sentence, or phrase Omission Behavior Code Error Substitution cut 1 Self-corrects Insertion Word told cut sc 0 the ˆ 1 T Lesson 12: K_302041_BL_VRTG_L12_Snow.indd 8 1/25/10 4:21:09 PM

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