THE SOLAR SYSTEM. By: Diana & Katrina

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1 THE SOLAR SYSTEM By: Diana & Katrina

2 Table of contents what is the solar system The Sun

3 What is the Solar System? Scientists say that the Solar System was formed about 4.5 billion years ago. The Solar System includes the Sun, and the nine planets. The Solar System is divided into two parts, the inner solar system,and the outer solar. The inner solar system contains: Mercury, Venus, Earth, and Mars. The outer solar system contains : Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, and Pluto. The inner planets are made up of rock and the outer planets are made up of gas.

4 The Sun The Sun is the BIGGEST star in the solar system. The sun is about 93 million miles away from the Earth. The sun is wide enough to fit almost 400 moons. WOW!!! the sun is 10 thousand degrees. If you are in the center you will feel it 100 times hotter!!! The Sun is made up of hydrogen gas. The core of the sun is 27 million degrees. The energy of the sun comes from it s cores. The sun`s surface is called the photosphere.

5 Mercury The second smallest planet in our Solar System is Mercury. It is the only planet known on which a day is longer than a year. One year is the time that takes one planet to orbit the sun. A year on Mercury lasts only 59 days. On Mercury the time between sun rises and the next is 180 earth days.

6 Venus Venus is the same size of the Earth. Planet venus is the nearest planet to the Earth. Scientist once said that the surface of Venus is similar to Earths surface. Many people say the venus and Earth are like twins!!!! during the day it can be up to 900 degrees!!!

7 Earth The planet Earth has one thing that no other planet has:life and oceans. The Earths tilt causes the four seasons: spring, summer, fall, and winter. Earth is a rocky planet because it is closer to the sun. It takes the Earth 365 days (1 year) to orbit the sun. Earth has 24 hours in one day. Earth nickname is the blue planet The name Earth comes from the old English and Germanic language. There are hundreds of other names for the planet in other languages. The Earth orbits the sun and it looks like the sun follows you when you get in the car to go some where.

8 Mars The planet Mars is the god of war. One day on mars lasts longer then one on Earth. Mars has four seasons. One year on mars is almost as long has two earth years. Mars is the like Earth. It has frozen water near the north and south poles.

9 Jupiter From Earth,Jupiter looks like a bright star. Jupiter is the fifth planet. Jupiter is about 480 million miles away fro m the Sun. In July 1994 a comet landed into Jupiter s clouds. The planet Jupiter was named after the king of the gods in roman mythology.

10 Saturn Saturn is the second largest planet. It exactly has 18 moons. Saturn is the only with rings that can be seen from Earth. The rings are made up of millions of small pieces of rock,dust,and ice that orbit the planet. Saturn is not the brightest planet,or the biggest eyepiece,but only saturn is three dimensional. Even a small scope with at least 30x magnification will reveal its unique shape.

11 Comets About more than 100 billion comets orbit the outside edges of the solar system. Some comets also might orbit the outside of Neptune. Comets have heads about 80,000 miles wide. The middle part of the head is made up of ice, frozen gases, also tiny pieces of matter.

12 Uranus Uranus was the first planet that was discovered by the telescope in the year It is larger then Earth. Uranus has 15 moon and 11 rings. It spins different then the other planets. The other planets spin upright but Uranus

13 Neptune Did you know that in Roman mythology Neptune was the god of the sea? Neptune is know as Poseidon in Greek mythology. It is so far away that it is difficult to see, even with a powerful telescope. Neptune was found in the year It has eight know moons and four rings. Neptune has small white cloud that look smaller to those of Earth. It is 2,797 million miles from the sun. Scientists believe that Neptune has four layers. Farther from Neptune s center is a layer of liquid hydrogen. The largest moon that orbit Neptune is TRITON. This moon is 1,678 miles wide Neptune s smallest moon is Naiad, it is 36 miles wide.

14 PLUTO Scientists say that the planet PLUTO is no longer a planet. The smallest planet in the solar system was Pluto, it is even smaller then earth moon. The planet Pluto was found in Pluto was named for the Roman gods of the underworld. Pluto orbits the Sun once about 248 year. It is the slowest moving planet. Pluto rotates once every 6 days, 9 hours, and 18 minutes. Pluto is 3,673 million miles away from the Sun. Scientists don t know that much about

15 Asteroids Thousands of asteroids are found in between Mars and Jupiter. Asteroids are small, and rocky. The largest asteroid is Ceres. It is 500 miles wide. Jupiter s gravity holds some of the asteroids ahead of it and others behind it. The name of an asteroid found in the apollo group is Ida.

16 Meteors and Meteorites Some people say that meteors are shooting stars. they are not really stars, there just streaks of light that flash across the night sky. When pebbles race through space at a high speed they make meteors. The pebbles get so hot they burn up, we see it as a glowing streak for a few seconds. Meteorites are classified as stoney irons.

17 Telescopes there are many different tips of telescopes. Galileo Galilei was the first person to use the telescope. A man named Hans Lipperhey invented the telescope. Legend has it that it was not Hans himself who invented it but has children who actually invented it while the were playing.

18 Probes Probes are space camera that they use to take pictures from outer space. The Russians launched the first artificial satellite, or space probe on October 4,1957.

19 Men and women in space The first person in space was Yuri Alekseyevich Gagarin a russian cosmonaut. The first person to sept on the moon was Neil Armstrong. On March 18,1965 Cosmonaut Alexei Leonov stepped out of an airlock

20 DICTIONARY

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