Bloodborne Pathogen Program

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1 Bloodborne Pathogen Program

2 Background Bloodborne pathogens of concern Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Hepatitis B & C Viruses (HBV, HCV) Other bloodborne pathogens exist, but generally are not occupationally transmitted in significant numbers Diseases associated with these pathogens are preventable when appropriate precautions are taken

3 Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) HIV is the virus that leads to AIDS HIV depletes the immune system HIV does not survive well outside the body No threat on contracting HIV through casual contact

4 Hepatitis B (HBV) million Americans are chronically infected Symptoms include: jaundice, fatigue, abdominal pain, loss of appetite, intermittent nausea, vomiting May lead to chronic liver disease, liver cancer, and death Vaccination available since 1982 HBV can survive for at least one week in dried blood Symptoms can occur 1-9 months after exposure

5 Hepatitis C (HCV) The most common chronic bloodborne infection in the U.S. Symptoms include: jaundice, fatigue, abdominal pain, loss of appetite, intermittent nausea, vomiting May lead to chronic liver disease and death In about 85% of the cases the infection is permanent, and people infected become chronic carriers The number one cause of liver transplants in the U.S.

6 Transmission Potential Contact with another person s blood or bodily fluid that may contain blood Mucous membranes: eyes, mouth, nose Non-intact skin Contaminated sharps/needles

7 Your Exposure Potential Administering first aid Post-accident cleanup Handling of returned product Janitorial or housekeeping work Handling of any waste products

8 Clean-up of contaminated area shall be carried out by donning PPE to include gloves and eye protection Cleaning includes wiping area, applying disinfecting bleach solution Engineering and Work Practice Controls

9 Engineering and Work Practice Controls If blood quantity is insignificant, place all clean up material in a double plastic bag and dispose. Significant blood = 4 X 4 gauze pad saturated and drips when held, then double all materials and deliver to nearest MTF for incineration. Contact MCCS Safety at

10 Engineering and Work Practice Controls cont. If you have been exposed to blood, wash the potentially contaminated areas with soap and water as soon as possible then wipe the area with disinfecting bleach solution 1 part bleach to 10 parts water Irrigate area for 15 min with water or saline solution if exposed to mucous membrane exposure

11 Exposure Incident All exposures will be reported, and an immediate and confidential medical evaluation shall be provided MTF is responsible for evaluations, counseling, and post exposure management Concerns on bloodborne pathogens should be directed to the installation safety office, medical treatment facility or industrial hygienist

12 Summary The Bloodborne Pathogens standard prescribes safeguards to protect workers against the health hazards from exposure to blood and other potentially infectious materials, and to reduce their risk from this exposure Implementation of this standard will significantly reduce the risk of workers contracting AIDS, Hepatitis C, or other bloodborne diseases

13 Congratulations! You have completed Blood Borne Pathogens Online Training Click to this information to HR By sending this you are stating that you have read through the training materials; you understand what you have read and you have addressed any questions regarding the materials to either the Training Department or to your Supervisor or Manager. You must include in the body of the Your Full Name Employee ID Number To get credit for the course

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