Copyright McDougal Littell. WKCE Test Practice 1

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2 Directions: Use the map and your knowledge of world geography to answer the questions below. FIJI Yasawa Group Naviti Lautoka Tavua Mt. Tomanivi 4,341 aft. (1,323 m) Nadi Sigatoka Korolevu Viti Levu 178 E 180 E Labasa Mt. Nasorolevu Vanua 3,386 ft. Levu (1,032 m) ua Nabouwalu Savusavu ligh Water Great Sea Reef Mt. Monavatu 3,707 ft. (1,130 m) Suva Navua Levuka Nausori ay Savusavu Koro Ngau Natewa ay Taveuni Koro Sea Nanuku Passage Elevation National Capital Other City Reef Lakemba Passage Lakemba Tubou Vanua Vatu 16 S 18 S Lau Group N Kandavu Passage Kandavu PACIFIC Moala OCEAN Kabara Fulanga Yagasa Cluster Ogea Levu W E S miles kilometers 20 S 1 2 The city closest to Fiji s highest mountain is A Suva. Labasa. C Lautoka. D Levuka. Navigating Fiji s reefs would be of most concern to ships trying to reach the country from the A north. south. C east. D west. 3 4 A traveler leaving Suva would have the shortest trip to A Sydney. Santiago. C Los Angeles. D Reykjavik. Which of the following conclusions can you draw from the map? A Fiji is sparsely populated. Fiji is mostly flat. C Little fishing goes on in Fiji. D Parts of Fiji have a mountainous terrain. 66 Preparing for the Wisconsin Knowledge and Concepts Exam

3 Directions: Use the map and your knowledge of world geography to answer the questions below. VICEROYALTY OF UNITED NEW SPAIN STATES Spanish French Spanish 30 N MEXICO UNITED STATES Spanish HAITI Spanish 30 N VICEROYALTY OF NEW GRANADA ritish CAPTAINCY-GENERAL OF VENEZUELA Dutch French 0 Equator UNITED PROVINCES OF CENTRAL AMERICA GRAN COLOMIA ritish ritish Dutch French 0 Equator VICEROYALTY OF RAZIL PERU RAZIL 120 W 0 2,000 Miles VICEROYALTY OF PERU 90 W VICEROYALTY OF RIO DE LA PLATA ritish colonies Dutch colonies 30 S French colonies Portuguese colonies Spanish colonies Independent countries OLIVIA CHILE PARAGUAY 30 S ARGENTINA URUGUAY UNITED PROVINCES OF LA PLATA 0 4,000 Kilometers 30 W 120 W 90 W ritish 30 W 5 The independence movements in Latin America between 1800 and 1830 had the greatest impact on A ritain. 7 Which independent nations emerged from the Vice Royalty of New Spain? A the United Provinces of Central America and Mexico Spain. C Portugal. D France. C the United States, Mexico, and the United Provinces of Central America Gran Colombia and the United Provinces of Central America 6 etween 1800 and 1830, Great ritain D Peru, olivia, and Chile A remained in control of Cuba. seized razil from the Portuguese. C lost the most colonies in Latin America. D gained colonies in Latin America. 8 Which of the following statements is true according to the map? A Much of the Caribbean remained under European control. Portugal maintained a colonial presence in Latin America. C Argentina became the largest country in South America. D During this period, the United States decreased in size. Preparing for the Wisconsin Knowledge and Concepts Exam 67

4 Directions: Use the time line and your knowledge of history to answer the questions. The Civil Rights Movement, 1940s 1960s 1955 Martin Luther King, Jr., leads Montgomery 1946 bus boycott. Morgan v. Virginia decision outlaws segregated interstate buses Sweatt v. Painter outlaws segregated state law schools Student sit-ins achieve integration at lunch counters across South Freedom Rides promote desegregation in Southern bus stations Civil Rights Act; Freedom Summer campaign registers African American voters Truman integrates the armed forces rown v. oard of Education ends segregation in public schools Eisenhower enforces integration of Little Rock High School; King and others organize SCLC. Time lines often use abbreviations to save space. SCLC stands for Southern Christian Leadership Conference, an important civil rights group Civil rights march from Selma to Montgomery; Voting Rights Act King delivers I Have a Dream speech at March on Washington Kennedy enforces desegregation of University of Mississippi. 9 Which was the first major civil rights activity in which Martin Luther King, Jr., was involved? A I Have a Dream speech march from Selma to Montgomery C Montgomery bus boycott D organization of the SCLC 10 The success of the civil rights movement resulted from organized protests by African Americans and actions by A state courts. reformed state governments. C federal courts and Congress. D all three branches of the federal government. 68 Preparing for the Wisconsin Knowledge and Concepts Exam

5 Directions: Use the information in the chart and your knowledge of history and economics to answer the questions. Career Women s and Men s Average Yearly Earnings in Selected Careers, 1982 Women Men Accountant $19,916 $25,272 Advertising Manager 19,396 32,292 Computer Operator 13,728 17,992 Cook 8,476 9,880 Engineer 26,052 31,460 Financial Manager 19,136 30,004 High School Teacher 18,980 21,424 Insurance Salesperson 15,236 22,152 Lawyer 30,264 34,008 Personnel Specialist 17,836 26,832 Physician 21,944 26,884 Police/Detective 15,548 20,072 Real Estate Salesperson 16,432 24,076 Registered Nurse 20,592 20,696 Retail Sales Worker 8,736 13,728 Social Worker 15,600 20,436 University Professor 20,748 26, Which of the careers probably do not require a college education? 12 How do the salaries of college-degreed persons compare with those not having a college education? Preparing for the Wisconsin Knowledge and Concepts Exam 69

6 Directions: Use the information on this page and your knowledge of history to answer the questions on the next page. Issues Surrounding the Declaration of Independence 1. Control of the colonies Until the French and Indian War, ritain allowed the colonies to develop and operate independently. After the war, ritain reversed its policy and tried to gain more control so that it could uniformly govern the colonies and territories that it gained in the war. ritain passed new laws and restrictions. To enforce these laws, the ritish sent troops and required the colonists to house and supply these troops. Issues Surrounding the Articles of Confederation 1. Areas of agreement among colonists Americans realized they needed to unite to win the war against the ritish. All states wanted a republic. Many Americans feared a strong central government would lead to oppressive rule. 2. Threats to rights and freedoms The ritish passed tax laws without the consent of the colonists. The ritish searched homes and businesses of the colonists for smuggled goods. The ritish suspended New York s assembly because New York refused to pay to house ritish troops. 2. Areas of disagreement among colonists Whether each state should have one vote or the number of votes should be based on population Whether the national government or the state governments should control lands west of the Appalachians 3. How these issues were resolved in the Articles of Confederation National government was given just a few powers to wage war, to make peace, to sign treaties, and to issue money. National government was run by a Confederation Congress, with each state having one vote. Most important powers were left to the states the authority to set taxes, enforce national laws, and control lands west of the Appalachians. 70 Preparing for the Wisconsin Knowledge and Concepts Exam

7 Directions: Read the following questions and choose the best answer The American colonies grew resistant to ritish rule because the ritish A imposed taxes without the colonists consent. sent troops to enforce laws and required the colonies to support the troops. C searched homes and businesses for smuggled goods. D all of the above The Revolutionary War was fought mainly over the issue of A religious freedom. who would control the colonies. C democracy versus communism. D freedom of the press Under the Articles of Confederation, the national government had few powers because A Americans feared a strong national government would lead to tyranny. the states wanted a republican government. C it was patterned after ritain s government. D George Washington insisted on it. Which of the following was not an area of disagreement among the colonists in framing the Articles of Confederation? A The states should all have one vote. The national government should control lands west of the Appalachian Mountains. C The government should be a republic. D Americans needed a national government to win the war against the ritish. Preparing for the Wisconsin Knowledge and Concepts Exam 71

8 Directions: Use the chart below and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following questions. Slaves Imported to the Americas, (in thousands) Region/Country ritish N. America ritish Caribbean French Caribbean Spanish America Dutch Caribbean Danish Caribbean razil (Portugal) * , , ,891.4 *=less than 1,000 SOURCE: Philip D. Curtin, The Atlantic Slave Trade 17 To which of the following regions were the most slaves imported during the period shown? A North America 18 Why were so many slaves imported to this region? A They were needed to work on cotton plantations. the Caribbean C Spanish America D razil C They were needed to work on sugar plantations. They were needed as domestic workers in the homes of the wealthy. D They were needed to work in factories. 72 Preparing for the Wisconsin Knowledge and Concepts Exam

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