(Colias philodice) BUTTERFLY NECTAR SOURCE LARVAL HOST BUTTERFLY HABITAT

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1 BUTTERFLY NECTAR SOURCE LARVAL HOST BUTTERFLY HABITAT Black Swallowtail (Papilio polyxenes) Tiger Swallowtail (Papilio canadensis) European Cabbage Butterfly (Pieris rapae) Monarch (Danaus plexippus) Great Spangled Fritillary (Speyeria cybele) Spring Azure (Celastrina ladon) Clouded Sulphur (Colias philodice) Milkweed, Butterfly Bush, Purple Coneflower, Phlox, Dame's Rocket, Lilac, Azalea, Clover, Honeysuckle Butterfly Bush, Lilac, Milkweed, Honeysuckle, Bee Balm, Ironweed, Thistle, Phlox, Sweet Pepperbush Aster, Mustard, Lantana, Impatiens, Mint, Dandelion Milkweed, Aster, Goldenrod, Lilac, Joe-pye Weed, Sedum, Blanketflower, Cosmos, Lantana, Zinnia, Butterfly Bush, Abelia, Mint Thistle, Purple Coneflower, Verbena, Butterfly Weed, Joe-pye Weed, Black-eyed Susan, Ironweed, Mountain Laurel, Milkweed, Buttonbush, Lantana Aster, Dogwood, Holly, Milkweed, Ceanothus, Spicebush, Lilac, Privet, Rock Cress, Cherry, Cotoneaster, Violet, Coreopsis Aster, Clover, Phlox, Goldenrod, Milkweed, Marigold, Scarlet Sage, Gayfeather, Sedum, Zinnia Rue, Hercules, Club, Carrots, Parsley, Dill Lilac, Cherry, Birch, Hornbeam, Ash, Willow, Spicebush Mustard, Broccoli, Cabbage, Cleome, Nasturtium Common Milkweed, Swamp Milkweed and other Milkweeds Violets Many trees and shrubs, Dogwood, Viburnum, Cherry, Sumac, Ceanothus Many legumes, clover, alfalfa, vetch, trefoil Woodland edges, cultivated flower gardens Woodlands, cultivated flower gardens, along rivers Open fields, woodlands and woodland edges, cultivated flower gardens Open fields, grasslands, cultivated flower gardens Open woodlands, meadows, wetlands Fields, bogs, woodlands, brushy areas Open areas, meadows, alfalfa fields Viceroy (Limenitis archippus) Mourning Cloak (Nymphalis antiopa) Buckeye (Junonia coenia) Pearl Crescent (Phyciodes tharos) Painted Lady (Vanessa cardui) Joe-pye Weed, Goldenrod, Thistle, Milkweed, Phlox; Non-flower sources: rotting fruit, sap, animal droppings Butterfly Bush, Ceonanthus, Milkweed, Zinnia, Tree sap Aster, Coreopsis, Chickory, Milkweed, Buckwheat, Globe Thistle, Aster, Fleabane, Black-eyed Susan, Milkweed, Clover, Mint, Coreopsis, Zinnia Aster, Buttonbush, Butterfly Bush, Bee Balm, Sedum, Annis Hyssop, Phlox, Goldenrod, Thistle, Joe-Pye Weed, Zinnia Willow, Poplar, Cherry, Apple Willow, Birch, Hackberry, Elm Mint, Snapdragon, Toadflax, Monkey Flower, Plantain, Penstemon Aster, Michemas Daisy Many common weeds, Thistle, Mallow, Hollyhock, Sunflower Woodland edges, Stream banks, Meadows, Willow groves Woodlands, Stream banks, suburban areas Open fields, coastal areas, meadows, thin brush Cultivated flower gardens, fields, meadows, roadsides Open woodlands, meadows cultivated flower gardens

2 Black Swallowtail Tiger Swallowtail European Cabbage Butterfly

3 Monarch Great Spangled Fritillary Spring Azure

4 Clouded Sulphur Viceroy Mourning Cloak Buckeye

5 Pearl Crescent Painted Lady

6 Plant Information Common Plant name Bloom time and description New England Aster August to October 1-1/2 in. flowers, purple rays around a yellow disk Type Size Habitat Perennial 3-7 feet Damp thickets and meadows Butterfly Bush July through August purple, pink, white, or golden-yellow miniature flowers, form densely into a pyramidal form, generally about 6" to 10" long Shrub 5-8 feet h/w Purple Coneflower June-October Perennial 2-3 feet Joe-Pye Weed August and September Perennial herb 12 ft. to 5 ft. Bee Balm late-summer Perennial herb 2 to 4 feet tall Native to China meadows moist woods and meadows Garden Phlox late-summer Perennial 3 ft. Black-Eyed Susan Summer Perennial 2-3 feet French Marigold Summer Annual 6 to 18 Roadsides, open fields, floral gardens, mixtures. Native to Mexico Common Zinnia Summer Annual Native to Mexico Violets April to June bluepurple, occasionally white or bicolor Perennial 3-8 Common Milkweed Native perennial 2-6' tall Lilac Spring Purple, White, Pink Sedum or stonecrop Late Summer to Fall red, pink, gold, Shrub Perennial 8ft. to 30ft. 2in. to 2ft. native Habitat: woods, meadows, waste areas Native to Europe and Asia

7 Dill Parsley Sunflower yellow, and white Summer small yellow flowers appear on one upright, hollow stem. Bright green leaves. Tiny, yellow-green flowers Yellow ray flowers surround brown disk flowers. Annual herb Perennial herb Annual herb 24 to to /2ft. to 8 ft. Nasturtium Yellow, orange red Annual herb, vine 12 to 18 Cosmos Apple Beardtongue pink, red, deep purple, and white Whit to Pink flowers in Spring. Fall producing fruit Summer, white flowers Annual Tree Perennial 2ft. To 3ft. 3-4'h x 2'w Native to South West Asia Native to the Mediterranean Dry, open areas; disturbed sites Native to South America Native to Mexico Native to the Middle East

8

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