SUBJECTABLE MATHMATICS


 Norah Perkins
 1 years ago
 Views:
Transcription
1
2 SUBJECTABLE MATHMATICS
3 PREFACE (A NOTE TO THE READER) This book, A COMPLETE BOOK ON SUBJECTIVE (CONVEN TIONAL) ARITHMETIC has been specially prepared for candidates appearing for competitive entrance examination held by Staff Selection Commission (S.S.C.). Syllabus of ARITHMETIC Questions are designed to test the ability of arithmetical computations of whole numbers, decimals and fractions. The questions are based on arithmetical concepts of various topics and the candidates have to give a detailed explanation in order to arrive at the final result of the problem. Every topic of arithmetic in this book starts with the introduction which is followed by plenty of solved examples with complete explanation that can help the candidates to secure full marks. At the end of every chapter, an excercise containing different types of questions is given for your practice. All questions are fully solved with proper explanation. I am confident that this book will be very useful to the candidates. Best of Luck. S.L. Gulati
4 CONTENTS Preface v 1. Numbers and Simplifications 1 2. H.C.F and L.C.M Ratio and Proportion Percentage Average Profit and Loss Interest Time and Work Time and Distance Mensuration Data Interpretation Partnership Alligation 302
5 1 NUMBERS AND SIMPLIFICATIONS 1. ARITHMETIC is a science that deals with numbers, and of the methods of computing by means of numbers. 2. Integers: Numbers like 3, 2, 1, 0, 1, 2, 3 etc. are called integers. 3. Rational numbers: All numbers of the type p/q where q ¹ 0 and p is an integer are called rational numbers; e.g. 2, 7 3, 4 9, 0, 2, 7 13 etc. are all rational numbers. 4. Irrational numbers: Numbers like 2, 3, 5 etc. are called irrational numbers. 5. Real numbers: All rational numbers, irrational numbers and a combination of rational and irrational numbers are called real numbers; e.g. 5, 7/3, 2, + 3 etc. real numbers. 6. Natural numbers: The numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, are called natural numbers. (i) Sum of the first n natural numbers, i.e n = n ( n + 1) 2 (ii) Sum of the first n square numbers, i.e n 2 = n ( n + 1) ( 2n + 1) 6
6 2 Subjective Arithmetic (iii) Sum of the first n cube numbers i.e n 3 = L NM n( n+ 1) Þ n 3 = ( n) Multiplication Table. 8. Division is the method of finding how often one given number, called the Divisor is contained in another given number, called the Dividend. The number expressing the times the divisor is contained in the dividend is called the Quotient. 9. Long Division: When the divisor is greater than 20, the process is called Long Division. The least number consisting of figures from the left of the dividend in which the divisor 536 is contained in 870 is called the first partial dividend. The next figure in the dividend 3344 is called the second partial dividend and 1282 is the third partial dividend. The last figure, which should be less than the divisor, is called the Remainder. This is clear that = Dividend = Divisor Quotient + Remainder. 11. Division by factors (successive division); complete remainder. Let us divide by 210, using factors and explain the rule to find the remainder. 2 O QP Divisor Dividend Quotient , Remainder 2 Now 210 = If we take 5, 6, 7 as d 1, d 2, d 3 and 3, 2, 2, as r 1, r 2, r 3. Remainder = = Quotient = 274 \ = , 7, 6, 1, 2, 6 1, 1, 5, 2, 2, 3 7 1, 9, 2, 0, 2 2, 7, 4, 2
7 Numbers and Simplifications 3 The remainder obtained by the Division by factors method is called the complete remainder or true remainder. Þ Complete remainder = r 1 + d 1 r 2 + d 1 d 2 r Metric System: The Government of India has introduced the metric system of weights and measures throughout the country. This system derives its name from the word "Metre" which is the standard unit of length in this system. The advantage of the metric system is the great simplification of calculation in different spheres of work. In this system, the various units of length, area (surface) volume, capacity and weight (mass) always bear a strictly decimal relation to each other. The international names of the five main units in the metric system of weights and measures are: Length measure unit is a Metre. Area measure unit is a square metre. Volume measure unit is a cubic metre. weight measure unit is a Gram. Capacity measure unit is a Litre. An are contains 100 sq. metres and A Hectare contains 100 areas or 10,000 sq. metres. A cubic metre of volume contains 1000 litres or 1 kilo litre. 13. Vulgar Fractions: A fraction is represented by two numbers written one above the other and sperated by a horizontal line. Thus the fraction twofifths is written as 2/5. The upper number is called the numerator where as the lower number is called the denominator. The numerator and the denominator of a fraction are its terms. A fraction is zero when its numerator is zero alone. The denominator of a fraction is always nonzero. Fractions such as 3/5, 8 11, 7 25 etc. are called common or vulgar fractions. The value of the vulgar fraction is not altered by multiplying or dividing by the numerator and the denominator by the same number. 14. If the numerator and the denominator are large numbers, or if their common factors cannot easily be guessed, we may find their H.C.F.
8 4 Subjective Arithmetic 15. A fraction is said to be a proper fraction if its numerator is less than its denominator. Thus 5/7, 9 13, 19 are all proper fractions. An 23 improper fraction is the one whose numerator is equal to N greater than its denominator. Thus 7 7, 7 3, 15 are improper fractions. A 11 mixed fraction is one which consists of a whole number and a fraction. Thus 2 1 7, 15 2 are mixed fractions. 3 Complex Fraction is the one in which the numerator or denominator or both are fractions Thus 4 7/ 9, / 3, 4 7 are complex fractions Continued Fractions: or are called continued fractions. To simplify such fractions, begin at the bottom and work upwards. 17. Decimal Fractions: A decimal fraction or a decimal is a fraction which has 10 or any power of 10 for its denominator and is expressed in the decimal system of notation. A decimal fraction is not altered by annexing ciphers to the right of the last figure. Thus and are equal. 18. Addition of decimals: Write down the number under one another, placing units under units etc. then add as in the case of integers, and place the decimal point under the points in the given numbers. e.g. Add together 5.406, 0.8, and Ans.
9 Numbers and Simplifications SIMPLIFICATION: of vulgar fractions. (BODMAS). In questions on fractions, signs,, +,, of (means multiplication) and brackets are often involved. In simplifying these questions the following order B O D M A S i.e. (i) Remove the brackets (if any). (ii) Then numbers or fractions which are connected by of should be simplified. (iii) Then the division and multiplication in order must be carried out and (iv) Lastly the operations of addition (plus) or subtraction (minus) should be performed. 20. SIMPLIFICATION: by Algebric formulae. Remember the following. 1. x  y x  y = x + y and x  y x + y = (x y). 2. (x + y) 2 (x y) 2 = 4xy 3. ( x + y) + ( x  y) = 2. ( x + y ) x y x  xy + y x y x  xy + y = (x + y) = (x y) 6. (x + y) 3 = x 3 + y 3 + 3xy (x + y) 7. (x y) 3 = x 3 y 3 3xy (x y). 8. x 2 + y 2 + z 2 xy yz zx = 1 2 [(x y)2 + (y z) 2 + (z x) 2 ] x + y + z  3xyz 2 ( x + y + z zx yx  yz) = (x + y + z) 10. If x + y + z = 0, then (i) x 3 + y 3 + z 3 = 3xyz (ii) x + y + z 3xyz = 1.
10 6 Subjective Arithmetic SOLVED EXAMPLES Example 1. In a division sum, the quotient is 195, the divisor is equal to the sum of the quotient and the remainder. Find the dividend. Solution: We know that Dividend = Divisior Quotient + Remainder Remainder = 195 Quotient = 105 Divisor = = 300 \ Dividend = = = Ans. Example 2. A number when divided by 899 gives a remainder 63. What will be the remainder, when the same number be divided by 29? Solution: A number when divided by 899 gives a quotient say Q. The remainder is given to be 63 Þ Such a number = 899 Q + 63 (i) Expressing this as multiple of 29, we have The number = 29 (31Q) + (2 29) + 5 \ The remainder obtained by dividing this number by 29 is 5. Ans. 5. Example 3. A certain number x is divided by 385 by dividing by three prime factors. The quotient is 102, the first remainder is 4, the second remainder is 6 and the third is 10. Solution: 385 = Let x be the required number. Y and Z be the respective quotients. X = 5Y + 4 Y = 7Z + 6 Z = = = Y = 7z + 6 = 7 (1132) + 6 = = 7930 (i) (ii) (iii) 5 X 7 Y 4 11 Z
11 Subjective Arithmetic : For All Competitive Exams 30% OFF Publisher : Cosmos Bookhive ISBN : Author : S L Gulati Type the URL : Get this ebook
COMPASS Numerical Skills/PreAlgebra Preparation Guide. Introduction Operations with Integers Absolute Value of Numbers 13
COMPASS Numerical Skills/PreAlgebra Preparation Guide Please note that the guide is for reference only and that it does not represent an exact match with the assessment content. The Assessment Centre
More informationAccuplacer Arithmetic Study Guide
Testing Center Student Success Center Accuplacer Arithmetic Study Guide I. Terms Numerator: which tells how many parts you have (the number on top) Denominator: which tells how many parts in the whole
More informationIntroduction to Fractions
Introduction to Fractions Fractions represent parts of a whole. The top part of a fraction is called the numerator, while the bottom part of a fraction is called the denominator. The denominator states
More informationSession 29 Scientific Notation and Laws of Exponents. If you have ever taken a Chemistry class, you may have encountered the following numbers:
Session 9 Scientific Notation and Laws of Exponents If you have ever taken a Chemistry class, you may have encountered the following numbers: There are approximately 60,4,79,00,000,000,000,000 molecules
More informationARITHMETIC. Overview. Testing Tips
ARITHMETIC Overview The Arithmetic section of ACCUPLACER contains 17 multiple choice questions that measure your ability to complete basic arithmetic operations and to solve problems that test fundamental
More informationPREPARATION FOR MATH TESTING at CityLab Academy
PREPARATION FOR MATH TESTING at CityLab Academy compiled by Gloria Vachino, M.S. Refresh your math skills with a MATH REVIEW and find out if you are ready for the math entrance test by taking a PRETEST
More informationExponents, Radicals, and Scientific Notation
General Exponent Rules: Exponents, Radicals, and Scientific Notation x m x n = x m+n Example 1: x 5 x = x 5+ = x 7 (x m ) n = x mn Example : (x 5 ) = x 5 = x 10 (x m y n ) p = x mp y np Example : (x) =
More informationQuick Reference ebook
This file is distributed FREE OF CHARGE by the publisher Quick Reference Handbooks and the author. Quick Reference ebook Click on Contents or Index in the left panel to locate a topic. The math facts listed
More informationOrder of Operations  PEMDAS. Rules for Multiplying or Dividing Positive/Negative Numbers
Order of Operations  PEMDAS *When evaluating an expression, follow this order to complete the simplification: Parenthesis ( ) EX. (52)+3=6 (5 minus 2 must be done before adding 3 because it is in parenthesis.)
More informationExponents, Factors, and Fractions. Chapter 3
Exponents, Factors, and Fractions Chapter 3 Exponents and Order of Operations Lesson 31 Terms An exponent tells you how many times a number is used as a factor A base is the number that is multiplied
More informationMATH0910 Review Concepts (Haugen)
Unit 1 Whole Numbers and Fractions MATH0910 Review Concepts (Haugen) Exam 1 Sections 1.5, 1.6, 1.7, 1.8, 2.1, 2.2, 2.3, 2.4, and 2.5 Dividing Whole Numbers Equivalent ways of expressing division: a b,
More informationCopy in your notebook: Add an example of each term with the symbols used in algebra 2 if there are any.
Algebra 2  Chapter Prerequisites Vocabulary Copy in your notebook: Add an example of each term with the symbols used in algebra 2 if there are any. P1 p. 1 1. counting(natural) numbers  {1,2,3,4,...}
More informationHow do you compare numbers? On a number line, larger numbers are to the right and smaller numbers are to the left.
The verbal answers to all of the following questions should be memorized before completion of prealgebra. Answers that are not memorized will hinder your ability to succeed in algebra 1. Number Basics
More information1 Number System. Introduction. Face Value and Place Value of a Digit. Categories of Numbers
RMAT Success Master 3 1 Number System Introduction In the decimal number system, numbers are expressed by means of symbols 0, 1,, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, called digits. Here, 0 is called an insignificant
More informationNegative Integer Exponents
7.7 Negative Integer Exponents 7.7 OBJECTIVES. Define the zero exponent 2. Use the definition of a negative exponent to simplify an expression 3. Use the properties of exponents to simplify expressions
More informationRecall the process used for adding decimal numbers. 1. Place the numbers to be added in vertical format, aligning the decimal points.
2 MODULE 4. DECIMALS 4a Decimal Arithmetic Adding Decimals Recall the process used for adding decimal numbers. Adding Decimals. To add decimal numbers, proceed as follows: 1. Place the numbers to be added
More informationNow that we have a handle on the integers, we will turn our attention to other types of numbers.
1.2 Rational Numbers Now that we have a handle on the integers, we will turn our attention to other types of numbers. We start with the following definitions. Definition: Rational Number any number that
More information1.4 Variable Expressions
1.4 Variable Expressions Now that we can properly deal with all of our numbers and numbering systems, we need to turn our attention to actual algebra. Algebra consists of dealing with unknown values. These
More informationNumber Sense and Operations
Number Sense and Operations representing as they: 6.N.1 6.N.2 6.N.3 6.N.4 6.N.5 6.N.6 6.N.7 6.N.8 6.N.9 6.N.10 6.N.11 6.N.12 6.N.13. 6.N.14 6.N.15 Demonstrate an understanding of positive integer exponents
More informationInteger Operations. Overview. Grade 7 Mathematics, Quarter 1, Unit 1.1. Number of Instructional Days: 15 (1 day = 45 minutes) Essential Questions
Grade 7 Mathematics, Quarter 1, Unit 1.1 Integer Operations Overview Number of Instructional Days: 15 (1 day = 45 minutes) Content to Be Learned Describe situations in which opposites combine to make zero.
More informationMath Released Set 2015. Algebra 1 PBA Item #13 Two Real Numbers Defined M44105
Math Released Set 2015 Algebra 1 PBA Item #13 Two Real Numbers Defined M44105 Prompt Rubric Task is worth a total of 3 points. M44105 Rubric Score Description 3 Student response includes the following
More informationNumber: Multiplication and Division
MULTIPLICATION & DIVISION FACTS count in steps of 2, 3, and 5 count from 0 in multiples of 4, 8, 50 count in multiples of 6, count forwards or backwards from 0, and in tens from any and 100 7, 9, 25 and
More informationClick on the links below to jump directly to the relevant section
Click on the links below to jump directly to the relevant section Basic review Writing fractions in simplest form Comparing fractions Converting between Improper fractions and whole/mixed numbers Operations
More information3 cups ¾ ½ ¼ 2 cups ¾ ½ ¼. 1 cup ¾ ½ ¼. 1 cup. 1 cup ¾ ½ ¼ ¾ ½ ¼. 1 cup. 1 cup ¾ ½ ¼ ¾ ½ ¼
cups cups cup Fractions are a form of division. When I ask what is / I am asking How big will each part be if I break into equal parts? The answer is. This a fraction. A fraction is part of a whole. The
More information100 Math Facts 6 th Grade
100 Math Facts 6 th Grade Name 1. SUM: What is the answer to an addition problem called? (N. 2.1) 2. DIFFERENCE: What is the answer to a subtraction problem called? (N. 2.1) 3. PRODUCT: What is the answer
More informationDecimals Adding and Subtracting
1 Decimals Adding and Subtracting Decimals are a group of digits, which express numbers or measurements in units, tens, and multiples of 10. The digits for units and multiples of 10 are followed by a decimal
More informationChapter 1: Order of Operations, Fractions & Percents
HOSP 1107 (Business Math) Learning Centre Chapter 1: Order of Operations, Fractions & Percents ORDER OF OPERATIONS When finding the value of an expression, the operations must be carried out in a certain
More informationFRACTIONS MODULE Part I
FRACTIONS MODULE Part I I. Basics of Fractions II. Rewriting Fractions in the Lowest Terms III. Change an Improper Fraction into a Mixed Number IV. Change a Mixed Number into an Improper Fraction BMR.Fractions
More informationDecide how many topics you wish to revise at a time (let s say 10).
1 Minute Maths for the Higher Exam (grades B, C and D topics*) Too fast for a firsttime use but... brilliant for topics you have already understood and want to quickly revise. for the Foundation Exam
More informationThis is a square root. The number under the radical is 9. (An asterisk * means multiply.)
Page of Review of Radical Expressions and Equations Skills involving radicals can be divided into the following groups: Evaluate square roots or higher order roots. Simplify radical expressions. Rationalize
More informationSIMPLIFYING SQUARE ROOTS
40 (88) Chapter 8 Powers and Roots 8. SIMPLIFYING SQUARE ROOTS In this section Using the Product Rule Rationalizing the Denominator Simplified Form of a Square Root In Section 8. you learned to simplify
More informationMath Workshop October 2010 Fractions and Repeating Decimals
Math Workshop October 2010 Fractions and Repeating Decimals This evening we will investigate the patterns that arise when converting fractions to decimals. As an example of what we will be looking at,
More informationFlorida Math 0018. Correlation of the ALEKS course Florida Math 0018 to the Florida Mathematics Competencies  Lower
Florida Math 0018 Correlation of the ALEKS course Florida Math 0018 to the Florida Mathematics Competencies  Lower Whole Numbers MDECL1: Perform operations on whole numbers (with applications, including
More informationWhy Vedic Mathematics?
Why Vedic Mathematics? Many Indian Secondary School students consider Mathematics a very difficult subject. Some students encounter difficulty with basic arithmetical operations. Some students feel it
More information47 Numerator Denominator
JH WEEKLIES ISSUE #22 20122013 Mathematics Fractions Mathematicians often have to deal with numbers that are not whole numbers (1, 2, 3 etc.). The preferred way to represent these partial numbers (rational
More informationConnect Four Math Games
Connect Four Math Games Connect Four Addition Game (A) place two paper clips on two numbers on the Addend Strip whose sum is that desired square. Once they have chosen the two numbers, they can capture
More informationSimplifying SquareRoot Radicals Containing Perfect Square Factors
DETAILED SOLUTIONS AND CONCEPTS  OPERATIONS ON IRRATIONAL NUMBERS Prepared by Ingrid Stewart, Ph.D., College of Southern Nevada Please Send Questions and Comments to ingrid.stewart@csn.edu. Thank you!
More informationFACTORS AND MULTIPLES Answer Key
I. Find prime factors by factor tree method FACTORS AND MULTIPLES Answer Key a. 768 2 384 2 192 2 96 2 48 2 24 2 12 2 6 2 3 768 = 2*2*2*2*2*2*2*2 *3 b. 1608 3 536 2 268 2 134 2 67 1608 = 3*2*2*2*67 c.
More informationMyMathLab ecourse for Developmental Mathematics
MyMathLab ecourse for Developmental Mathematics, North Shore Community College, University of New Orleans, Orange Coast College, Normandale Community College Table of Contents Module 1: Whole Numbers and
More informationTips, tricks and formulae on H.C.F and L.C.M. Follow the steps below to find H.C.F of given numbers by prime factorization method.
Highest Common Factor (H.C.F) Tips, tricks and formulae on H.C.F and L.C.M H.C.F is the highest common factor or also known as greatest common divisor, the greatest number which exactly divides all the
More informationFlorida Math Correlation of the ALEKS course Florida Math 0022 to the Florida Mathematics Competencies  Lower and Upper
Florida Math 0022 Correlation of the ALEKS course Florida Math 0022 to the Florida Mathematics Competencies  Lower and Upper Whole Numbers MDECL1: Perform operations on whole numbers (with applications,
More informationVolume and Surface Area of a Sphere
Volume and Surface rea of a Sphere Reteaching 111 Math ourse, Lesson 111 The relationship between the volume of a cylinder, the volume of a cone, and the volume of a sphere is a special one. If the heights
More informationMath 0980 Chapter Objectives. Chapter 1: Introduction to Algebra: The Integers.
Math 0980 Chapter Objectives Chapter 1: Introduction to Algebra: The Integers. 1. Identify the place value of a digit. 2. Write a number in words or digits. 3. Write positive and negative numbers used
More information3.1. RATIONAL EXPRESSIONS
3.1. RATIONAL EXPRESSIONS RATIONAL NUMBERS In previous courses you have learned how to operate (do addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division) on rational numbers (fractions). Rational numbers
More information2 is the BASE 5 is the EXPONENT. Power Repeated Standard Multiplication. To evaluate a power means to find the answer in standard form.
Grade 9 Mathematics Unit : Powers and Exponent Rules Sec.1 What is a Power 5 is the BASE 5 is the EXPONENT The entire 5 is called a POWER. 5 = written as repeated multiplication. 5 = 3 written in standard
More informationThe Euclidean Algorithm
The Euclidean Algorithm A METHOD FOR FINDING THE GREATEST COMMON DIVISOR FOR TWO LARGE NUMBERS To be successful using this method you have got to know how to divide. If this is something that you have
More information5.4 The Quadratic Formula
Section 5.4 The Quadratic Formula 481 5.4 The Quadratic Formula Consider the general quadratic function f(x) = ax + bx + c. In the previous section, we learned that we can find the zeros of this function
More informationRadicals  Multiply and Divide Radicals
8. Radicals  Multiply and Divide Radicals Objective: Multiply and divide radicals using the product and quotient rules of radicals. Multiplying radicals is very simple if the index on all the radicals
More informationLesson Plan. N.RN.3: Use properties of rational and irrational numbers.
N.RN.3: Use properties of rational irrational numbers. N.RN.3: Use Properties of Rational Irrational Numbers Use properties of rational irrational numbers. 3. Explain why the sum or product of two rational
More informationA.4 Polynomial Division; Synthetic Division
SECTION A.4 Polynomial Division; Synthetic Division 977 A.4 Polynomial Division; Synthetic Division OBJECTIVES 1 Divide Polynomials Using Long Division 2 Divide Polynomials Using Synthetic Division 1 Divide
More informationTYPES OF NUMBERS. Example 2. Example 1. Problems. Answers
TYPES OF NUMBERS When two or more integers are multiplied together, each number is a factor of the product. Nonnegative integers that have exactly two factors, namely, one and itself, are called prime
More informationParamedic Program PreAdmission Mathematics Test Study Guide
Paramedic Program PreAdmission Mathematics Test Study Guide 05/13 1 Table of Contents Page 1 Page 2 Page 3 Page 4 Page 5 Page 6 Page 7 Page 8 Page 9 Page 10 Page 11 Page 12 Page 13 Page 14 Page 15 Page
More information1.3 Order of Operations
1.3 Order of Operations As it turns out, there are more than just 4 basic operations. There are five. The fifth basic operation is that of repeated multiplication. We call these exponents. There is a bit
More informationEVALUATING ACADEMIC READINESS FOR APPRENTICESHIP TRAINING Revised For ACCESS TO APPRENTICESHIP
EVALUATING ACADEMIC READINESS FOR APPRENTICESHIP TRAINING For ACCESS TO APPRENTICESHIP MATHEMATICS SKILL OPERATIONS WITH INTEGERS AN ACADEMIC SKILLS MANUAL for The Precision Machining And Tooling Trades
More informationRational Exponents. Squaring both sides of the equation yields. and to be consistent, we must have
8.6 Rational Exponents 8.6 OBJECTIVES 1. Define rational exponents 2. Simplify expressions containing rational exponents 3. Use a calculator to estimate the value of an expression containing rational exponents
More informationMATH 65 NOTEBOOK CERTIFICATIONS
MATH 65 NOTEBOOK CERTIFICATIONS Review Material from Math 60 2.5 4.3 4.4a Chapter #8: Systems of Linear Equations 8.1 8.2 8.3 Chapter #5: Exponents and Polynomials 5.1 5.2a 5.2b 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6a 5.7a 1
More informationHFCC Math Lab Arithmetic  4. Addition, Subtraction, Multiplication and Division of Mixed Numbers
HFCC Math Lab Arithmetic  Addition, Subtraction, Multiplication and Division of Mixed Numbers Part I: Addition and Subtraction of Mixed Numbers There are two ways of adding and subtracting mixed numbers.
More informationMath Review. for the Quantitative Reasoning Measure of the GRE revised General Test
Math Review for the Quantitative Reasoning Measure of the GRE revised General Test www.ets.org Overview This Math Review will familiarize you with the mathematical skills and concepts that are important
More informationActivity 1: Using base ten blocks to model operations on decimals
Rational Numbers 9: Decimal Form of Rational Numbers Objectives To use base ten blocks to model operations on decimal numbers To review the algorithms for addition, subtraction, multiplication and division
More informationP.E.R.T. Math Study Guide
A guide to help you prepare for the Math subtest of Florida s Postsecondary Education Readiness Test or P.E.R.T. P.E.R.T. Math Study Guide www.perttest.com PERT  A Math Study Guide 1. Linear Equations
More informationSection 4.1 Rules of Exponents
Section 4.1 Rules of Exponents THE MEANING OF THE EXPONENT The exponent is an abbreviation for repeated multiplication. The repeated number is called a factor. x n means n factors of x. The exponent tells
More informationVocabulary Words and Definitions for Algebra
Name: Period: Vocabulary Words and s for Algebra Absolute Value Additive Inverse Algebraic Expression Ascending Order Associative Property Axis of Symmetry Base Binomial Coefficient Combine Like Terms
More information( 7) + 4 = (9) =  3 ( 3) + 7 = ( 3) = 2
WORKING WITH INTEGERS: 1. Adding Rules: Positive + Positive = Positive: 5 + 4 = 9 Negative + Negative = Negative: ( 7) + ( 2) =  9 The sum of a negative and a positive number: First subtract: The answer
More informationWorking with whole numbers
1 CHAPTER 1 Working with whole numbers In this chapter you will revise earlier work on: addition and subtraction without a calculator multiplication and division without a calculator using positive and
More informationNumeracy Preparation Guide. for the. VETASSESS Test for Certificate IV in Nursing (Enrolled / Division 2 Nursing) course
Numeracy Preparation Guide for the VETASSESS Test for Certificate IV in Nursing (Enrolled / Division Nursing) course Introduction The Nursing course selection (or entrance) test used by various Registered
More informationHigher Education Math Placement
Higher Education Math Placement Placement Assessment Problem Types 1. Whole Numbers, Fractions, and Decimals 1.1 Operations with Whole Numbers Addition with carry Subtraction with borrowing Multiplication
More informationSimplifying Algebraic Fractions
5. Simplifying Algebraic Fractions 5. OBJECTIVES. Find the GCF for two monomials and simplify a fraction 2. Find the GCF for two polynomials and simplify a fraction Much of our work with algebraic fractions
More informationMultiplying and Dividing Signed Numbers. Finding the Product of Two Signed Numbers. (a) (3)( 4) ( 4) ( 4) ( 4) 12 (b) (4)( 5) ( 5) ( 5) ( 5) ( 5) 20
SECTION.4 Multiplying and Dividing Signed Numbers.4 OBJECTIVES 1. Multiply signed numbers 2. Use the commutative property of multiplication 3. Use the associative property of multiplication 4. Divide signed
More informationSequential Skills. Strands and Major Topics
Sequential Skills This set of charts lists, by strand, the skills that are assessed, taught, and practiced in the Skills Tutorial program. Each Strand ends with a Mastery Test. You can enter correlating
More informationFactoring Polynomials
UNIT 11 Factoring Polynomials You can use polynomials to describe framing for art. 396 Unit 11 factoring polynomials A polynomial is an expression that has variables that represent numbers. A number can
More informationMonomials with the same variables to the same powers are called like terms, If monomials are like terms only their coefficients can differ.
Chapter 7.1 Introduction to Polynomials A monomial is an expression that is a number, a variable or the product of a number and one or more variables with nonnegative exponents. Monomials that are real
More informationFRACTIONS OPERATIONS
FRACTIONS OPERATIONS Summary 1. Elements of a fraction... 1. Equivalent fractions... 1. Simplification of a fraction... 4. Rules for adding and subtracting fractions... 5. Multiplication rule for two fractions...
More informationCOLLEGE ALGEBRA. Paul Dawkins
COLLEGE ALGEBRA Paul Dawkins Table of Contents Preface... iii Outline... iv Preliminaries... Introduction... Integer Exponents... Rational Exponents... 9 Real Exponents...5 Radicals...6 Polynomials...5
More informationIndices and Surds. The Laws on Indices. 1. Multiplication: Mgr. ubomíra Tomková
Indices and Surds The term indices refers to the power to which a number is raised. Thus x is a number with an index of. People prefer the phrase "x to the power of ". Term surds is not often used, instead
More informationCONTENTS. Please note:
CONTENTS Introduction...iv. Number Systems... 2. Algebraic Expressions.... Factorising...24 4. Solving Linear Equations...8. Solving Quadratic Equations...0 6. Simultaneous Equations.... Long Division
More informationINTRODUCTION TO FRACTIONS
Tallahassee Community College 16 INTRODUCTION TO FRACTIONS Figure A (Use for 1 5) 1. How many parts are there in this circle?. How many parts of the circle are shaded?. What fractional part of the circle
More informationSquare Roots. Learning Objectives. PreActivity
Section 1. PreActivity Preparation Square Roots Our number system has two important sets of numbers: rational and irrational. The most common irrational numbers result from taking the square root of nonperfect
More informationChapter 7  Roots, Radicals, and Complex Numbers
Math 233  Spring 2009 Chapter 7  Roots, Radicals, and Complex Numbers 7.1 Roots and Radicals 7.1.1 Notation and Terminology In the expression x the is called the radical sign. The expression under the
More informationCancelling Fractions: Rules
Cancelling Fractions: Rules The process of cancelling involves taking fractions with large numerators and denominators (top and bottom numbers) and rewriting them with smaller numerators and denominators
More informationZeros of a Polynomial Function
Zeros of a Polynomial Function An important consequence of the Factor Theorem is that finding the zeros of a polynomial is really the same thing as factoring it into linear factors. In this section we
More informationMATH 10034 Fundamental Mathematics IV
MATH 0034 Fundamental Mathematics IV http://www.math.kent.edu/ebooks/0034/funmath4.pdf Department of Mathematical Sciences Kent State University January 2, 2009 ii Contents To the Instructor v Polynomials.
More informationUnit 1 Number Sense. In this unit, students will study repeating decimals, percents, fractions, decimals, and proportions.
Unit 1 Number Sense In this unit, students will study repeating decimals, percents, fractions, decimals, and proportions. BLM Three Types of Percent Problems (p L34) is a summary BLM for the material
More informationMATHCOUNTS TOOLBOX Facts, Formulas and Tricks
MATHCOUNTS TOOLBOX Facts, Formulas and Tricks MATHCOUNTS Coaching Kit 40 I. PRIME NUMBERS from 1 through 100 (1 is not prime!) 2 3 5 7 11 13 17 19 23 29 31 37 41 43 47 53 59 61 67 71 73 79 83 89 97 II.
More informationGuide to SRW Section 1.7: Solving inequalities
Guide to SRW Section 1.7: Solving inequalities When you solve the equation x 2 = 9, the answer is written as two very simple equations: x = 3 (or) x = 3 The diagram of the solution is 65 43 21 0
More informationNumber: Multiplication and Division with Reasoning
count in multiples of twos, fives and tens (copied from Number and Number: Multiplication and Division with Reasoning MULTIPLICATION & DIVISION FACTS Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5 Year 6 count in
More information1.6 The Order of Operations
1.6 The Order of Operations Contents: Operations Grouping Symbols The Order of Operations Exponents and Negative Numbers Negative Square Roots Square Root of a Negative Number Order of Operations and Negative
More informationSECTION 0.6: POLYNOMIAL, RATIONAL, AND ALGEBRAIC EXPRESSIONS
(Section 0.6: Polynomial, Rational, and Algebraic Expressions) 0.6.1 SECTION 0.6: POLYNOMIAL, RATIONAL, AND ALGEBRAIC EXPRESSIONS LEARNING OBJECTIVES Be able to identify polynomial, rational, and algebraic
More informationMATHS LEVEL DESCRIPTORS
MATHS LEVEL DESCRIPTORS Number Level 3 Understand the place value of numbers up to thousands. Order numbers up to 9999. Round numbers to the nearest 10 or 100. Understand the number line below zero, and
More informationEXPONENTS. To the applicant: KEY WORDS AND CONVERTING WORDS TO EQUATIONS
To the applicant: The following information will help you review math that is included in the Paraprofessional written examination for the Conejo Valley Unified School District. The Education Code requires
More informationDecimals and other fractions
Chapter 2 Decimals and other fractions How to deal with the bits and pieces When drugs come from the manufacturer they are in doses to suit most adult patients. However, many of your patients will be very
More informationExpression. Variable Equation Polynomial Monomial Add. Area. Volume Surface Space Length Width. Probability. Chance Random Likely Possibility Odds
Isosceles Triangle Congruent Leg Side Expression Equation Polynomial Monomial Radical Square Root Check Times Itself Function Relation One Domain Range Area Volume Surface Space Length Width Quantitative
More informationPOLYNOMIAL FUNCTIONS
POLYNOMIAL FUNCTIONS Polynomial Division.. 314 The Rational Zero Test.....317 Descarte s Rule of Signs... 319 The Remainder Theorem.....31 Finding all Zeros of a Polynomial Function.......33 Writing a
More informationChapter 5. Rational Expressions
5.. Simplify Rational Expressions KYOTE Standards: CR ; CA 7 Chapter 5. Rational Expressions Definition. A rational expression is the quotient P Q of two polynomials P and Q in one or more variables, where
More information0.8 Rational Expressions and Equations
96 Prerequisites 0.8 Rational Expressions and Equations We now turn our attention to rational expressions  that is, algebraic fractions  and equations which contain them. The reader is encouraged to
More informationHFCC Math Lab Intermediate Algebra  7 FINDING THE LOWEST COMMON DENOMINATOR (LCD)
HFCC Math Lab Intermediate Algebra  7 FINDING THE LOWEST COMMON DENOMINATOR (LCD) Adding or subtracting two rational expressions require the rational expressions to have the same denominator. Example
More informationRules of Exponents. Math at Work: Motorcycle Customization OUTLINE CHAPTER
Rules of Exponents CHAPTER 5 Math at Work: Motorcycle Customization OUTLINE Study Strategies: Taking Math Tests 5. Basic Rules of Exponents Part A: The Product Rule and Power Rules Part B: Combining the
More informationSimplification of Radical Expressions
8. Simplification of Radical Expressions 8. OBJECTIVES 1. Simplify a radical expression by using the product property. Simplify a radical expression by using the quotient property NOTE A precise set of
More informationSolution Guide Chapter 14 Mixing Fractions, Decimals, and Percents Together
Solution Guide Chapter 4 Mixing Fractions, Decimals, and Percents Together Doing the Math from p. 80 2. 0.72 9 =? 0.08 To change it to decimal, we can tip it over and divide: 9 0.72 To make 0.72 into a
More informationMathematics. Steps to Success. and. Top Tips. Year 5
Pownall Green Primary School Mathematics and Year 5 1 Contents Page 1. Multiplication and Division 3 2. Positive and Negative Numbers 4 3. Decimal Notation 4. Reading Decimals 5 5. Fractions Linked to
More informationCancelling a Fraction: Rules
Cancelling a Fraction: Rules The process of canceling involves taking fractions with larger numbers on top and bottom and rewriting those fractions with smaller numbers ensuring the value of the fraction
More information