4. Base your answer to question 12 on the map below and on your knowledge of social studies.

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1 1. The Ming emperor banned the building of large ocean-going ships in The Tokugawa shogun issued the Act of Seclusion in One way in which these historical occurrences are similar is that both led to increased A) social mobility B) globalization C) cultural diffusion D) isolation 2. Captured the city of Constantinople in 1453 Benefited from rich trade along the Mediterranean Sea Ruled by Suleiman the Lawgiver Which empire best fits these descriptions? A) Roman B) Ottoman C) Mongol D) Songhai 3. Base your answer to the following question on the map below and on your knowledge of social studies. Which conclusion about Zheng He s voyages is valid based on the information on this map? A) His fleet traveled only as far as the Bay of Bengal. B) His expeditions sailed to ports in Asia and Africa. C) His fleet conquered and controlled Luzon. D) His expeditions traded directly with the interior of Africa.

2 4. Base your answer to question 12 on the map below and on your knowledge of social studies. Which generalization is best supported by the information in this map? A) The Ottoman Empire controlled the largest amount of territory by B) The Safavid Empire controlled parts of western Europe by C) By the 1500s, the Ottoman Empire controlled parts of the Middle East, North Africa, and eastern Europe. D) The Mediterranean Sea served as a cultural barrier between Asia Minor and North Africa.

3 Base your answers to questions 5 and 6 on 8 and 9 on the map below and on your knowledge of social studies. 5. One result of the voyages of Zheng He was that A) Chinese merchants began trading with Africa B) Christian missionaries arrived in China C) Indian artisans showed the Chinese how to make Ming porcelain D) China set up colonies in Europe 6. The map shows that on his voyages, Zheng He explored A) both the Pacific and the Atlantic Oceans B) at the same time as the Spanish explorers C) lands in the Western Hemisphere D) Arabia and the east coast of Africa

4 7. Base your answer to the following question on the map below and on your knowledge of social studies. Which conclusion can be made about the Ming dynasty of China as a result of the travels of Zheng He? A) China profited more from African trade than from Asian trade. B) Islam became the dominant religion of China. C) The Ming dynasty established trade routes to Europe. D) Advanced navigation technology was available in China. 8. Base your answer on the map below and on your knowledge of social studies. An observation about the Ottoman Empire in the 15th and 16th centuries is that the Empire A) originated in Hungary B) had a strategic location between Europe and Asia C) was totally landlocked D) had control over most of western Europe 9. Korea greatly influenced the development of early Japan by A) acting as a bridge for ideas from China B) providing Japan with the technology for industrialization C) serving as a barrier against Chinese aggression D) protecting Japan from early European exploration 10. Which geographic feature contributed most to the concept of cultural diffusion in Japan? A) deposits of fertile soil B) location near the mainland of Asia C) vast mineral resources D) numerous navigable rivers 11. Which statement about the geography of Japan is most accurate? A) Location has made it easy to invade. B) The irregular coastline has many natural harbors. C) Large plains are its primary physical feature. D) Earthquakes do not threaten the islands.

5 12. The terms Bushido, samurai, and daimyo are most closely associated with which group in Japanese history? A) emperors B) warriors C) peasants D) merchants 13. Which fact relating to early Japan was a result of the other three? A) Japan experienced earthquakes and volcanic eruptions. B) The Japanese developed a nature-based belief called Shinto. C) Tsunamis and typhoons sometimes destroyed coastal Japanese villages. D) Mountains are found throughout the islands of Japan. 14. What was an impact of Korea s geographic location on the history of East Asia? A) isolating Russia from Japan B) protecting China from Mongol invaders C) preventing Europeans from colonizing East Asia D) serving as a cultural bridge between China and Japan 15. A valid generalization about early Japanese culture is that Japan A) had a strong influence on the development of culture in Korea B) spread Shinto throughout Asia C) maintained a uniquely individual culture while borrowing much from other cultures D) imported almost all of its cultural ideas from China, resulting in nearly identical cultures 16. A person who practices the Shinto faith would be most likely to A) visit a shrine placed on the shore of a lake B) pray five times a day C) bathe in the Ganges River D) make a pilgrimage to Jerusalem 17. Which statement about government during the Tokugawa period in Japan is most accurate? A) The power of the emperor was absolute and supreme. B) The real power was held by foreign countries. C) Actual power was held by the shogun. D) Political power was in the hands of the merchant class. 18. Which was a characteristic of feudalism in both medieval Europe and Japan? A) The middle class acquired more power than any other class did. B) Political power was held by a strong centralized government. C) The army encouraged strong nationalistic feelings among the people. D) All the people knew their roles in a rigid class system. 19. One way in which the code of chivalry in Europe and the code of Bushido in Japan were similar is that both codes were intended to A) help the ruler control his people B) guide the behavior of a warrior class C) benefit all the social classes D) support revolutionary ideas 20. Base your answer on the diagram below and on your knowledge of social studies. Merchants are shown at the bottom of this social pyramid of feudal Japan because they A) comprised the largest percentage of Japan's population at that time B) were viewed as having little status in the society C) were unable to read or write D) did not believe in the Shinto religion 21. The leadership of Genghis Khan, the use of the stirrup, and excellent horsemanship skills all contributed directly to the A) collapse of Silk Road trade B) defeat of Tokugawa Japan C) beginning of European exploration D) rise of the Mongol Empire

6 22. Base your answer to the following question on Base your answer to this question on the passage below and on your knowledge of social studies.... The Mongols made no technological breakthroughs, founded no new religions, wrote few books or dramas, and gave the world no new crops or methods of agriculture. Their own craftsmen could not weave cloth, cast metal, make pottery, or even bake bread. They manufactured neither porcelain nor pottery, painted no pictures, and built no buildings. Yet, as their army conquered culture after culture, they collected and passed all of these skills from one civilization to the next Jack Weatherford This passage leads to the conclusion that the Mongols A) rejected technology B) were a peaceful people C) were urbanized D) contributed to cultural diffusion 23. One way in which Pax Romana and Pax Mongolia are similar is that both were characterized by A) political stability B) unifying religious institutions C) representative forms of government D) social equality for men and women

7 24. Base your answer to the following question on the map below and on your knowledge of social studies. Which statement about the Mongols is supported by the information in the map? A) The Yuan dynasty kept China isolated from outside influence. B) Most of the Chinese people lived in the river valleys. C) Kublai Khan and Genghis Khan extended Mongol influence to other parts of Asia. D) The city of Samarkand was part of the Yuan Empire.

8 25. Base your answer on the map below. The information provided by the map indicates that in 1280 the Mongols controlled A) areas of Africa, Asia, and Europe B) territory from eastern China to eastern Europe C) Japan and Korea D) all of Asia 26. One way in which the travels of Marco Polo and Ibn Battuta are similar is that each A) started mass migrations from Europe B) stimulated interest in other cultures C) led to the establishment of colonies D) resulted in archaeological discoveries in Africa 27. Ibn Battuta and Marco Polo were similar in that both A) ruled over vast empires that included diverse peoples B) produced written records of their extensive travels C) converted thousands of people to Christianity D) fought to free their people from Mongol rule

9 28. Base your answer to the following question on the map below and on your knowledge of social studies. Which conclusion about trade is best supported by the information on this map? A) Timbuktu was a center of trade in West Africa. B) The Sahara Desert prevented trade. C) Cairo and Mecca were trading partners. D) West African gold and salt were traded along the Zaire River.

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