# DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT OF AN AUTONOMOUS QUAD-COPTER

Save this PDF as:

Size: px
Start display at page:

## Transcription

5 Ki is the Integral error constant and Se is the Speed error. The above equation shows that the system keeps the summing up every cycle. At the start the speed error is higher and it is multiplied by a factor and added to the Integral error. The multiplying factor Ki is determined by trial and error. The Ki factor is actually the multiplying factor which relates the PWM duty value and the error. At its first run the PWM out should be given at least to reach the target speed roughly, and then the speed error is less which further accumulations of error are done for gradually reducing the speed gap. Pe = Kp x speed error (4) Kp is the proportional error constant and Pe is the proportional error. The above equation shows how the proportional error is calculated, it is just the speed error multiplied by a certain factor. Proportional error correction helps the motor reach its target speed fast when the speed error is high. As the motor gets close to its target speed, the proportional error gets close to zero while the Integral error does further correction. The final pulse width is gained by adding the both Integral error and proportional error. 6. REFERENCES [1] Samir Bouabdallah and Roland Siegwart, Autonomous Systems Lab, Full Control of a Quadrotor, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology [2] Anton Nakazawa and Bai Xiang Jin, Quad copter video surveillance UAV [3] Karl Johan Astrom, Control System Design, [4] Dingyu Xue, YangQuan Chen, Derek P. Atherton, Linear Feedback control Pulse Width = Ie + Pe (5) Finally regardless of the errors the pulse with input for PWM module should lie between 2500 and 5500 so, the pulse with is again filtered in a way which makes all the values higher than 5500 equal to 5500 and all the values lower than 2500 equal to CONCLUSION Maximum efforts were taken to reduce speed fluctuations and controlling errors, while keeping power consumption at a low level. The PI algorithm for speed controlling was very successful under changing thrust conditions. The accelerometer and gyroscope was not much stable as its measures fluctuate due to vibration. A kind of special vibration reduction is a must to make the quad-rotor run smooth. Vibration absorbing motor mounts can be used to reduce vibration. Structure wise the lowered centre of gravity made the quad well balanced.

### Onboard electronics of UAVs

AARMS Vol. 5, No. 2 (2006) 237 243 TECHNOLOGY Onboard electronics of UAVs ANTAL TURÓCZI, IMRE MAKKAY Department of Electronic Warfare, Miklós Zrínyi National Defence University, Budapest, Hungary Recent

### FRC WPI Robotics Library Overview

FRC WPI Robotics Library Overview Contents 1.1 Introduction 1.2 RobotDrive 1.3 Sensors 1.4 Actuators 1.5 I/O 1.6 Driver Station 1.7 Compressor 1.8 Camera 1.9 Utilities 1.10 Conclusion Introduction In this

### EE 402 RECITATION #13 REPORT

MIDDLE EAST TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY EE 402 RECITATION #13 REPORT LEAD-LAG COMPENSATOR DESIGN F. Kağan İPEK Utku KIRAN Ç. Berkan Şahin 5/16/2013 Contents INTRODUCTION... 3 MODELLING... 3 OBTAINING PTF of OPEN

### An inertial haptic interface for robotic applications

An inertial haptic interface for robotic applications Students: Andrea Cirillo Pasquale Cirillo Advisor: Ing. Salvatore Pirozzi Altera Innovate Italy Design Contest 2012 Objective Build a Low Cost Interface

### 2. Dynamics, Control and Trajectory Following

2. Dynamics, Control and Trajectory Following This module Flying vehicles: how do they work? Quick refresher on aircraft dynamics with reference to the magical flying space potato How I learned to stop

### An internal gyroscope minimizes the influence of dynamic linear acceleration on slope sensor readings.

TECHNICAL DATASHEET #TDAX06070X Triaxial Inclinometer with Gyro ±180⁰ Pitch/Roll Angle Pitch Angle Rate Acceleration SAE J1939, Analog Output or RS-232 Options 2 M12 Connectors, IP67 with Electronic Assistant

### Tarot 2-Axis Brushless Gimbal for Gopro User Manual V1.0

Tarot 2-Axis Brushless Gimbal for Gopro User Manual V1.0 1. Introduction Tarot T-2D gimbal is designed for the Gopro Hero3, which is widely used in film, television productions, advertising aerial photography,

### E190Q Lecture 5 Autonomous Robot Navigation

E190Q Lecture 5 Autonomous Robot Navigation Instructor: Chris Clark Semester: Spring 2014 1 Figures courtesy of Siegwart & Nourbakhsh Control Structures Planning Based Control Prior Knowledge Operator

### Quadcopters. Presented by: Andrew Depriest

Quadcopters Presented by: Andrew Depriest What is a quadcopter? Helicopter - uses rotors for lift and propulsion Quadcopter (aka quadrotor) - uses 4 rotors Parrot AR.Drone 2.0 History 1907 - Breguet-Richet

### Development of a Low Cost Inertial Measurement Unit for UAV Applications with Kalman Filter based Attitude Determination

Development of a Low Cost Inertial Measurement Unit for UAV Applications with Kalman Filter based Attitude Determination Claudia Pérez-D Arpino, Member, IEEE, Damian Vigouroux, Wilfredis Medina-Meléndez,

### Active Vibration Isolation of an Unbalanced Machine Spindle

UCRL-CONF-206108 Active Vibration Isolation of an Unbalanced Machine Spindle D. J. Hopkins, P. Geraghty August 18, 2004 American Society of Precision Engineering Annual Conference Orlando, FL, United States

### HobbyKing KK2.0 Multi-Rotor Control Board

HobbyKing KK2.0 Multi-Rotor Control Board Layout: USER MANUAL: Initial Setup: -Mount the FC on the frame with the LCD facing front and the buttons facing back. -Connect the receiver to the pins on the

### The Design and Implementation of a Quadrotor Flight Controller Using the QUEST Algorithm

The Design and Implementation of a Quadrotor Flight Controller Using the QUEST Algorithm Jacob Oursland Department of Mathematics and Computer Science South Dakota School of Mines and Technology Rapid

### 9 Degrees of Freedom Inertial Measurement Unit with AHRS [RKI-1430]

9 Degrees of Freedom Inertial Measurement Unit with AHRS [RKI-1430] Users Manual Robokits India info@robokits.co.in http://www.robokitsworld.com Page 1 This 9 Degrees of Freedom (DOF) Inertial Measurement

### Advanced Power System Selection & Maximizing Efficiency in Multirotors

Advanced Power System Selection & Maximizing Efficiency in Multirotors P R E S E NT ED B Y: LUCIEN B. MILLER PRESIDENT & CEO INNOV8TIVE DESIGNS, INC. Welcome To The Workshop For a PDF file of todays presentation:

### IMU Components An IMU is typically composed of the following components:

APN-064 IMU Errors and Their Effects Rev A Introduction An Inertial Navigation System (INS) uses the output from an Inertial Measurement Unit (IMU), and combines the information on acceleration and rotation

### Self-Balancing Robot Project Proposal Abstract. Strategy. Physical Construction. Spencer Burdette March 9, 2007 sburd@gwu.edu

Spencer Burdette March 9, 2007 sburd@gwu.edu Self-Balancing Robot Project Proposal Abstract This project will undertake the construction and implementation of a two-wheeled robot that is capable of balancing

### Control of a quadrotor UAV (slides prepared by M. Cognetti)

Sapienza Università di Roma Corso di Laurea in Ingegneria Elettronica Corso di Fondamenti di Automatica Control of a quadrotor UAV (slides prepared by M. Cognetti) Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) autonomous/semi-autonomous

### PID Control. Proportional Integral Derivative (PID) Control. Matrix Multimedia 2011 MX009 - PID Control. by Ben Rowland, April 2011

PID Control by Ben Rowland, April 2011 Abstract PID control is used extensively in industry to control machinery and maintain working environments etc. The fundamentals of PID control are fairly straightforward

### Configuration Software User Instruction

Configuration Software User Instruction V1.0 Index Index... 1 Configuration Software... 1 1 Install Driver...1 2 Install Configuration Software...1 How to use Baseflight Configurator...1 Flight Controller

### Digital Systems Based on Principles and Applications of Electrical Engineering/Rizzoni (McGraw Hill

Digital Systems Based on Principles and Applications of Electrical Engineering/Rizzoni (McGraw Hill Objectives: Analyze the operation of sequential logic circuits. Understand the operation of digital counters.

### Sensor Fusion and its Applications in Portable Devices. Jay Esfandyari MEMS Product Marketing Manager STMicroelectronics

Sensor Fusion and its Applications in Portable Devices Jay Esfandyari MEMS Product Marketing Manager STMicroelectronics Outline What is Sensor Fusion? What Are the Components of Sensor Fusion? How Does

### 10 tips for servos and steppers a simple guide

10 tips for servos and steppers a simple guide What are the basic application differences between servos and steppers? Where would you choose one over the other? This short 10 point guide, offers a simple

### HITACHI INVERTER SJ/L100/300 SERIES PID CONTROL USERS GUIDE

HITACHI INVERTER SJ/L1/3 SERIES PID CONTROL USERS GUIDE After reading this manual, keep it for future reference Hitachi America, Ltd. HAL1PID CONTENTS 1. OVERVIEW 3 2. PID CONTROL ON SJ1/L1 INVERTERS 3

International Journal of Applied Engineering Research ISSN 0973-4562 Volume 9, Number 22 (2014) pp. 17883-17894 Research India Publications http://www.ripublication.com T1-Fuzzy vs T2-Fuzzy Stabilize Quadrotor

### Using Arduino Microcontrollers to Sense DC Motor Speed and Position

ECE480 Design Team 3 Using Arduino Microcontrollers to Sense DC Motor Speed and Position Tom Manner April 4, 2011 page 1 of 7 Table of Contents 1. Introduction ----------------------------------------------------------

### Basic Principles of Inertial Navigation. Seminar on inertial navigation systems Tampere University of Technology

Basic Principles of Inertial Navigation Seminar on inertial navigation systems Tampere University of Technology 1 The five basic forms of navigation Pilotage, which essentially relies on recognizing landmarks

### CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background of the Research Agile and precise maneuverability of helicopters makes them useful for many critical tasks ranging from rescue and law enforcement task to inspection

### Servo Info and Centering

Info and Centering A servo is a mechanical motorized device that can be instructed to move the output shaft attached to a servo wheel or arm to a specified position. Inside the servo box is a DC motor

### Interfacing a Servo to the ATmega16

Learning Objectives: Interfacing a Servo to the ATmega16 After successfully completing this lab, students will be able to: Desribe how a radio control (RC) servo works Interface a RC servo to a microcontroller

### Tips For Selecting DC Motors For Your Mobile Robot

Tips For Selecting DC Motors For Your Mobile Robot By AJ Neal When building a mobile robot, selecting the drive motors is one of the most important decisions you will make. It is a perfect example of an

### A 5 Degree Feedback Control Robotic Arm (Haptic Arm)

A 5 Degree Feedback Control Robotic Arm (Haptic Arm) 1 Prof. Sheetal Nirve, 2 Mr.Abhilash Patil, 3 Mr.Shailesh Patil, 4 Mr.Vishal Raut Abstract: Haptics is the science of applying touch sensation and control

### ZMART Technical Report The International Aerial Robotics Competition 2014

ZMART Technical Report The International Aerial Robotics Competition 2014 ZJU s Micro-Aerial Robotics Team (ZMART) 1 Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, 310027, P.R.China Abstract The Zhejiang

### Tamura Closed Loop Hall Effect Current Sensors

Tamura Closed Loop Hall Effect Current Sensors AC, DC, & Complex Currents Galvanic Isolation Fast Response Wide Frequency Bandwidth Quality & Reliability RoHs Compliance Closed Loop Hall Effect Sensors

### SIX DEGREE-OF-FREEDOM MODELING OF AN UNINHABITED AERIAL VEHICLE. A thesis presented to. the faculty of

SIX DEGREE-OF-FREEDOM MODELING OF AN UNINHABITED AERIAL VEHICLE A thesis presented to the faculty of the Russ College of Engineering and Technology of Ohio University In partial fulfillment of the requirement

### MMA7455 3-Axis Accelerometer Module (#28526)

Web Site: www.parallax.com Forums: forums.parallax.com Sales: sales@parallax.com Technical: support@parallax.com Office: (916) 624-8333 Fax: (916) 624-8003 Sales: (888) 512-1024 Tech Support: (888) 997-8267

### MODULE 13 - INTERFACING THE ANALOG WORLD TO DIGITAL CIRCUITS

Introduction to Digital Electronic Design Module 13, Interfacing Analog to Digital Circuits 1 MODULE 13 - INTERFACING THE ANALOG WORLD TO DIGITAL CIRCUITS OVERVIEW: Digital circuits require the input signal

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) OS5000 & OS4000 Family of Compasses FAQ Document Rev. 2.0 Important Notes: Please also reference the OS5000 family user guide & OS4000 user guide on our download page.

### CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE AUTOMATIC CONTROL OF AERIAL VEHICLES

1 / 23 CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE AUTOMATIC CONTROL OF AERIAL VEHICLES MINH DUC HUA 1 1 INRIA Sophia Antipolis, AROBAS team I3S-CNRS Sophia Antipolis, CONDOR team Project ANR SCUAV Supervisors: Pascal MORIN,

### Wireless Stepper Motor Control using RF Communication

Wireless Stepper Motor Control using RF Communication Title of the project : Wireless Stepper motor control using RF Communication Software : Embedded C, Keil, Proload Microcontroller : AT89S52 Power Supply

### Servo Motors (SensorDAQ only) Evaluation copy. Vernier Digital Control Unit (DCU) LabQuest or LabPro power supply

Servo Motors (SensorDAQ only) Project 7 Servos are small, relatively inexpensive motors known for their ability to provide a large torque or turning force. They draw current proportional to the mechanical

### Autonomous Mobile Robot-I

Autonomous Mobile Robot-I Sabastian, S.E and Ang, M. H. Jr. Department of Mechanical Engineering National University of Singapore 21 Lower Kent Ridge Road, Singapore 119077 ABSTRACT This report illustrates

### PROGRAMMING WITH ARDUINO - 1

PROGRAMMING WITH ARDUINO - 1 IESL RoboGames 2014 University of Moratuwa Department of Computer Science & Engineering Table of Contents Introduction... 2 Arduino Development Board... 2 How to Setup Arduino

### DJI New Pilot Experience 2015

DJI New Pilot Experience 2015 Welcome to the DJI New Pilot Experience TM 2015! Key Takeaways - Brief introduction to DJI - An explanation of the Phantom s key features - An introduction to the pre flight

### PWM IN AVR. Developed by: Krishna Nand Gupta Prashant Agrawal Mayur Agarwal

PWM IN AVR Developed by: Krishna Nand Gupta Prashant Agrawal Mayur Agarwal PWM (pulse width Modulation) What is PWM? Frequency = (1/T) Duty Cycle = (Thigh/T) What is need of PWM? I answer this in respect

T-SERIES INDUSTRIAL INCLINOMETER ANALOG INTERFACE T-Series industrial inclinometers are compact high performance sensors used to determine inclination in roll and pitch axes with excellent precision and

### Designing interface electronics for zirconium dioxide oxygen sensors of the XYA series

1 CIRCUIT DESIGN If not using one of First Sensors ZBXYA interface boards for sensor control and conditioning, this section describes the basic building blocks required to create an interface circuit Before

### APPLICATION NOTE - 017

APPLICATION NOTE - 017 PWM Motor Drives Theory and Measurement Considerations Pulse Width Modulated (PWM) power electronic techniques represent a large and increasing proportion of modern power electronics.

### MACCCS Center Review Presentation. Xinyan Deng Bio-Robotics Laboratory School of Mechanical Engineering Purdue University

MACCCS Center Review Presentation Xinyan Deng Bio-Robotics Laboratory School of Mechanical Engineering Purdue University Lab Experimental Facilities Tow tank PIV systems Wind tunnel Lab Related Work Aerodynamics

### ECE 495 Project 3: Shocker Actuator Subsystem and Website Design. Group 1: One Awesome Engineering

ECE 495 Project 3: Shocker Actuator Subsystem and Website Design Group 1: One Awesome Engineering Luquita Edwards Evan Whetsell Sunny Verma Thomas Ryan Willis Long I. Executive Summary The main goal behind

### Major motion control features

Digital servo motor controller PM1000 (Provisional Data) A fundamental feature of the PM1000 controller is the motion control algorithm developed to meet the most demanding accuracy requirements enabling

### MXD7202G/H/M/N. Low Cost, Low Noise ±2 g Dual Axis Accelerometer with Digital Outputs

Low Cost, Low Noise ±2 g Dual Axis Accelerometer with Digital Outputs MXD7202G/H/M/N FEATURES Low cost Resolution better than 1 milli-g Dual axis accelerometer fabricated on a monolithic CMOS IC On chip

### Flight Controller. Mini Fun Fly

Flight Controller Mini Fun Fly Create by AbuseMarK 0 Mini FunFly Flight Controller Naze ( Introduction 6x6mm. 6 grams (no headers, 8 grams with). 000 degrees/second -axis MEMS gyro. auto-level capable

### TwinCAT NC Configuration

TwinCAT NC Configuration NC Tasks The NC-System (Numeric Control) has 2 tasks 1 is the SVB task and the SAF task. The SVB task is the setpoint generator and generates the velocity and position control

### 1. Learn about the 555 timer integrated circuit and applications 2. Apply the 555 timer to build an infrared (IR) transmitter and receiver

Electronics Exercise 2: The 555 Timer and its Applications Mechatronics Instructional Laboratory Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering Georgia Institute of Technology Lab Director: I. Charles Ume,

### General aviation & Business System Level Applications and Requirements Electrical Technologies for the Aviation of the Future Europe-Japan Symposium

General aviation & Business System Level Applications and Requirements Electrical Technologies for the Aviation of the Future Europe-Japan Symposium 26 March 2015 2015 MITSUBISHI HEAVY INDUSTRIES, LTD.

### Operation Manual For NDJ-8S Digital Rotary Viscometer

Operation Manual For NDJ-8S Digital Rotary Viscometer 1 Contents 1. General... 2 2. Main technical data... 2 3. Working principle... 2 4. Installation... 3 5. Operation procedures... 4 6. Precautions...

### Permanent Magnet Motor Kit, Magnetic Reed Type. (SKY-ReedMotorKit) Instructions

Permanent Magnet Motor Kit, Magnetic Reed Type (SKY-ReedMotorKit) Instructions This kit contains powerful permanent magnets. Exercise caution when handling them as they can pull on iron tools and snap

### MSc in Autonomous Robotics Engineering University of York

MSc in Autonomous Robotics Engineering University of York Practical Robotics Module 2015 A Mobile Robot Navigation System: Labs 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b. Associated lectures: Lecture 1 and lecture 2, given by Nick

### PRODUCT DATASHEET. J1939 Vehicle Inertia Monitor. Advanced Vehicle Inertial Measurement and Vibration Monitoring Device. fleet-genius.

PRODUCT DATASHEET fleet-genius.com J1939 Vehicle Inertia Monitor Advanced Vehicle Inertial Measurement and Vibration Monitoring Device Prova s J1939 Vehicle Inertia Monitor (VIM) formulates moving vehicle

### INFRARED PARTS MANUAL

INFRARED PARTS MANUAL PIR325 FL65 GLOLAB CORPORATION Thank you for buying our Pyroelectric Infrared components. The goal of Glolab is to produce top quality electronic kits, products and components. All

### INSTRUCTION MANUAL. Specification: collective pitch 3D quadcopter. TYPE: Collective Pitch Electric 3D Quadcopter. Rotor Diameter: 118MM.

collective pitch 3D quadcopter INSTRUCTION MANUAL Specification: TYPE: Collective Pitch Electric 3D Quadcopter Rotor Diameter: 118MM Length:635 MM Width: 365 MM Weight: 986g w/out battery Flying weight

### PLG210 Linear Stage PLG210. XYT stack of PLG160 and PLG210 Frameless Motor Stages on PLR350. XY stack of PLG210x300mm with in-line motor mount

XYT stack of PLG160 and Frameless Motor Stages on PLR350 XY stack of x300mm with in-line motor mount Features Travel to 600mm Loads up to 100kg Precision Ballscrew Drive Integrated Frameless Servo Motor

### Author: By Siegfried Krainer and Michael Thomas, Infineon Technologies and Ronald Staerz, MCI Innsbruck

From toys to tools Author: By Siegfried Krainer and Michael Thomas, Infineon Technologies and Ronald Staerz, MCI Innsbruck Date: 05/04/2016 Categories: Evaluation & Development Kits, Internet of things

### Digital Single Axis Controller

Digital Single Axis Controller The concept of intelligent hydraulic drive a vision? DSAC (Digital Single Axis Controller) Do you need hydraulic servo drive for your machine/system? What would it be like

### Tracking of Small Unmanned Aerial Vehicles

Tracking of Small Unmanned Aerial Vehicles Steven Krukowski Adrien Perkins Aeronautics and Astronautics Stanford University Stanford, CA 94305 Email: spk170@stanford.edu Aeronautics and Astronautics Stanford

### Pulse Width Modulation

Pulse Width Modulation Pulse width modulation (PWM) is a powerful technique for controlling analog circuits with a microprocessor's digital outputs. PWM is employed in a wide variety of applications, ranging

### Motion Control 2013 Advancements in Sensing Devices For Leveling Control Functions

Motion Control 2013 Advancements in Sensing Devices For Leveling Control Functions Bart Guthrie, PhD President PQ Controls Inc. www.pqcontrols.com INTRODUCTION Inductive and Hall Effect devices have been

### Micro-Step Driving for Stepper Motors: A Case Study

Micro-Step Driving for Stepper Motors: A Case Study N. Sedaghati-Mokhtari Graduate Student, School of ECE, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran n.sedaghati @ece.ut.ac.ir Abstract: In this paper, a case study

### MODULE BOUSSOLE ÉLECTRONIQUE CMPS03 Référence : 0660-3

MODULE BOUSSOLE ÉLECTRONIQUE CMPS03 Référence : 0660-3 CMPS03 Magnetic Compass. Voltage : 5v only required Current : 20mA Typ. Resolution : 0.1 Degree Accuracy : 3-4 degrees approx. after calibration Output

### Hand Gestures Remote Controlled Robotic Arm

Advance in Electronic and Electric Engineering. ISSN 2231-1297, Volume 3, Number 5 (2013), pp. 601-606 Research India Publications http://www.ripublication.com/aeee.htm Hand Gestures Remote Controlled

### Control circuit. gathering and reporting fault messages. carrying out of protective functions for the frequency converter and motor.

Control circuit The control circuit, or control card, is the fourth main component of the frequency converter and has four essential tasks: control of the frequency converter semi-conductors. data exchange

### Adding Pneumatic Preset Counter. Type 497. Continuously visible preset Integrated pneumatic reset 3 or 5-digit display Convenient button setting

Adding Pneumatic Preset Counter Type 497 Continuously visible preset Integrated pneumatic reset 3 or 5-digit display Convenient button setting VARIABLE PILOT SIGNAL Using two pneumatic preset counters

### MECE 102 Mechatronics Engineering Orientation

MECE 102 Mechatronics Engineering Orientation Mechatronic System Components Associate Prof. Dr. of Mechatronics Engineering Çankaya University Compulsory Course in Mechatronics Engineering Credits (2/0/2)

### UniPi technical documentation REV 1.1

technical documentation REV 1.1 Contents Overview... 2 Description... 3 GPIO port map... 4 Power Requirements... 5 Connecting Raspberry Pi to UniPi... 5 Building blocks... 5 Relays... 5 Digital Inputs...

### Using angular speed measurement with Hall effect sensors to observe grinding operation with flexible robot.

Using angular speed measurement with Hall effect sensors to observe grinding operation with flexible robot. François Girardin 1, Farzad Rafieian 1, Zhaoheng Liu 1, Marc Thomas 1 and Bruce Hazel 2 1 Laboratoire

### Alternative Linear Motion Systems. Iron Core Linear Motors

Alternative Linear Motion Systems ME EN 7960 Precision Machine Design Topic 5 ME EN 7960 Precision Machine Design Alternative Linear Motion Systems 5-1 Iron Core Linear Motors Provide actuation forces

### Shadow Dexterous Hand Technical Specification. Shadow Dexterous Hand C6M2. Technical Specification Current Release 27st June /13

Shadow Dexterous Hand C6M2 Technical Specification Current Release 27st June 212 1/13 Table of Contents 1 Overview...4 2 Mechanical Profile...5 2.1 Dimensions...5 2.2 Kinematic structure...6 2.3 Weight...6

### AMZ-FX Guitar effects. (2007) Mosfet Body Diodes. http://www.muzique.com/news/mosfet-body-diodes/. Accessed 22/12/09.

Pulse width modulation Pulse width modulation is a pulsed DC square wave, commonly used to control the on-off switching of a silicon controlled rectifier via the gate. There are many types of SCR s, most

### A Lesson on Digital Clocks, One Shots and Counters

A Lesson on Digital Clocks, One Shots and Counters Topics Clocks & Oscillators LM 555 Timer IC Crystal Oscillators Selection of Variable Resistors Schmitt Gates Power-On Reset Circuits One Shots Counters

### Talon and Talon SR User Manual

Talon and Talon SR User Manual Brushed DC motor controller Version 1.3 Cross the Road Electronics, LLC www.crosstheroadelectronics.com Cross The Road Electronics, LLC Page 1 4/2/2013 Device Overview Clear,

### Solar Energy Conversion using MIAC. by Tharowat Mohamed Ali, May 2011

Solar Energy Conversion using MIAC by Tharowat Mohamed Ali, May 2011 Abstract This work introduces an approach to the design of a boost converter for a photovoltaic (PV) system using the MIAC. The converter

### Pulse Width Modulation Applications

Pulse Width Modulation Applications Lecture 21 EE 383 Microcomputers Learning Objectives What is DTMF? How to use PWM to generate DTMF? How to use PWM to control a servo motor? How to use PWM to control

### Transmitter Interface Program

Transmitter Interface Program Operational Manual Version 3.0.4 1 Overview The transmitter interface software allows you to adjust configuration settings of your Max solid state transmitters. The following

### Speed Control Methods of Various Types of Speed Control Motors. Kazuya SHIRAHATA

Speed Control Methods of Various Types of Speed Control Motors Kazuya SHIRAHATA Oriental Motor Co., Ltd. offers a wide variety of speed control motors. Our speed control motor packages include the motor,

### Mobile robots. Structure of this lecture. Section A: Introduction to AGV: mobile robots. Section B: Design of the ShAPE mobile robot

slide n. 1 Mobile robots Development of the ShAPE mobile robot Ing. A.Tasora Dipartimento di Ingegneria Industriale Università di Parma, Italy tasora@ied.unipr.it slide n. 2 Structure of this lecture Section

### Digital to Analog Conversion Using Pulse Width Modulation

Digital to Analog Conversion Using Pulse Width Modulation Samer El-Haj-Mahmoud Electronics Engineering Technology Program Texas A&M University Instructor s Portion Summary The purpose of this lab is to

### ETEC 421 - Digital Controls PIC Lab 10 Pulse Width Modulation

ETEC 421 - Digital Controls PIC Lab 10 Pulse Width Modulation Program Definition: Write a program to control the speed of a dc motor using pulse width modulation. Discussion: The speed of a dc motor is

### Inverted Pendulum Experiment

Introduction Inverted Pendulum Experiment This lab experiment consists of two experimental procedures, each with sub parts. Experiment 1 is used to determine the system parameters needed to implement a

### Oscillations: Mass on a Spring and Pendulums

Chapter 3 Oscillations: Mass on a Spring and Pendulums 3.1 Purpose 3.2 Introduction Galileo is said to have been sitting in church watching the large chandelier swinging to and fro when he decided that

### OPTICAL COMMUNICATION BASED STEPPER MOTOR CONTROL USING PULSE WIDTH MODULATION

2011 pp 1-5 OPTICAL COMMUNICATION BASED STEPPER MOTOR CONTROL USING PULSE WIDTH MODULATION Vinayak Abrol* Department of Electronics & Communication, SSGPURC Panjab University Chandigarh, India Votrix13@gmail.com

### Gear Trains. Introduction:

Gear Trains Introduction: Sometimes, two or more gears are made to mesh with each other to transmit power from one shaft to another. Such a combination is called gear train or train of toothed wheels.

### Data Sheet SIMATIC S7-200 CPU 226 DC/DC/DC and CPU 226 AC/DC/Relay

SIMATIC S7-200 and Table 1 Specifications for and Physical Size Dimensions (W x H x D) Weight Power loss (dissipation) CPU Features On-board digital inputs On-board digital outputs High speed counters

### Application Information Fully Integrated Hall Effect Motor Driver for Brushless DC Vibration Motor Applications

Application Information Fully Integrated Hall Effect Motor Driver for Brushless DC Vibration Motor Applications By Shaun Milano Vibration motors are used in a variety of applications including mobile phone

### Synthetic Sensing: Proximity / Distance Sensors

Synthetic Sensing: Proximity / Distance Sensors MediaRobotics Lab, February 2010 Proximity detection is dependent on the object of interest. One size does not fit all For non-contact distance measurement,

### Automation System TROVIS 6400 TROVIS 6493 Compact Controller

Automation System TROVIS 6400 TROVIS 6493 Compact Controller For panel mounting (front frame 48 x 96 mm/1.89 x 3.78 inch) Application Digital controller to automate industrial and process plants for general