Characteristics of the Text Genre Realistic Fiction Text Structure

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1 LESSON 25 TEACHER S GUIDE by Rachel Gideon Fountas-Pinnell Level A Realistic Fiction Selection Summary Children pick apples on a class trip and then cook them for a classroom treat. Number of Words: 35 Characteristics of the Text Genre Realistic Fiction Text Structure Content Themes and Ideas Language and Literary Features Sentence Complexity Vocabulary Words Illustrations Book and Print Features First-person plural narrative Focused on a single topic Class trip to pick apples Washing, cutting, cooking apples to make applesauce It is fun to pick apples and cook them. There are different ways to eat apples. Meaning provided through integration of pictures with text. Simple straightforward language Repetitive sentence pattern, changing only one word on each page Five-word sentences Simple sentence structure: We can the apples. Words for actions with apples: pick, wash, cut, cook, eat Mostly words with one syllable; one two-syllable word: apples Easy high-frequency words repeated: we, the Illustrations closely linked to text on all pages. Five pages of text; illustrations on every page Good spacing between words One exclamation Some things in pictures are labeled Fountas, I.C. & Pinnell, G.S. Teaching for Comprehending and Fluency, Heinemann, Portsmouth, N.H. Copyright by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company All rights reserved. No part of this work may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying or recording, or by any information storage or retrieval system, without the prior written permission of the copyright owner unless such copying is expressly permitted by federal copyright law. Permission is hereby granted to individual teachers using the corresponding (discipline) Leveled Readers to photocopy student worksheets from this publication in classroom quantities for instructional use and not for resale. Requests for information on other matters regarding duplication of this work should be addressed to Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company, Attn: Contracts, Copyrights, and Licensing, 9400 SouthPark Center Loop, Orlando, Florida Printed in the U.S.A If you have received these materials as examination copies free of charge, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company retains title to the materials and they may not be resold. Resale of examination copies is strictly prohibited. Possession of this publication in print format does not entitle users to convert this publication, or any portion of it, into electronic format. K_301679_ELL_LRTG_L25_Apples.indd 1 11/3/09 5:16:44 PM

2 by Rachel Gideon Build Background Read the title to the children and talk with them about what the children in the cover illustration are doing. Ask children about apple picking and other fruit harvesting. Ask questions such as: Did you ever go apple picking? What did you do with the apples you picked? Front-Load Vocabulary Some everyday words may be unfamiliar to English learners. Before reading, check understanding of the following words: apples, pick, wash, cut, cook, eat, teacher, tree, water, knife, pot, spoon, bowl. Use the illustrations to reinforce the words. Introduce the Text Guide children through the text, noting important ideas and helping with unfamiliar language and vocabulary. Point out the repetition of the words We can and the apples in each sentence. Call attention to the labels. Here are some suggestions: Page 2: Explain that in this story, children go on a class trip to pick apples. Suggested language: Turn to page 2. Look at the picture and read the labels. Here are the children on their class trip. Where did they go? The woman with the children is their teacher. The children say: We can pick the apples. Say we. What letter would you expect to see fi rst in we? Find the word we, say it, and put your fi nger under it. What do you think the children will do with the apples they pick? Page 3: Turn to page 3. Where are the children now? Read the label to help understand what the children are doing. The label says water. What is the water for? The children say: We can wash the apples. Say the. The begins with the letters th. Find the word the, say it, and put your fi nger under it. Page 4: Remind children that they can use information in the pictures and labels to help them read. Look at the picture on this page. Read the labels. What does the teacher help the children do with the apples and the knife? What will the children say on this page? Now turn back to the beginning of the story. Read to fi nd out what the children make with the apples. Words to Know the we 2 Lesson 25: K_301679_ELL_LRTG_L25_Apples.indd 2 11/3/09 5:17:05 PM

3 Read Now have children read softly while pointing under each word. Observe children as they read. Respond to the Text Personal Response Ask children to share their personal responses to the story. Begin by asking what they liked best about the story, or what they found interesting. Suggested language: What would you like best about a class trip to pick apples? Ways of Thinking As you discuss the text, make sure children understand these teaching points: Thinking Within the Text Thinking Beyond the Text Thinking About the Text Children go on a class trip to pick apples. They wash, cut, cook, and eat the apples with their teacher in the classroom. It is fun to pick apples and cook them. There are different ways to eat apples. You can learn things on class trips and have fun too! The pictures show different things to do with apples. The children are shown on the trip and inside their classroom. Labels name many objects in the illustrations Fountas, I.C. & Pinnell, G.S. Teaching for Comprehending and Fluency, Heinemann, Portsmouth, N.H. Choices for Support Concepts of Print Practice early reading behaviors such as pointing under each word and reading from left to right. Phonemic Awareness and Word Work Provide practice as needed with words and sounds, using one of the following activities: Listening Game Materials: pairs of words. Have children listen for words that rhyme. Have children raise their hands if the words rhyme, and keep their hands in their laps if the words do not rhyme. Say pairs of words, for example, pick and sick, pick and eat, cut and nut, cut and wash, cook and book, cook and trip. Tracing Letters Materials: magnetic or cardboard letters or letter cards. Have children choose a letter, say the name, and trace the letter. 3 Lesson 25: K_301679_ELL_LRTG_L25_Apples.indd 3 11/3/09 5:16:51 PM

4 Writing About Reading Critical Thinking Read the directions for children on BLM 25.9 and guide them in answering the questions. Responding Read aloud the questions at the back of the book and help children complete the activities. Target Comprehension on Skill Text and Graphic Features Tell children that as they read they can think about how the words go with the picture on the page. Model how to think about text and graphic features: Think Aloud What do the pictures show me in this book? On page 3, I see a girl holding apples under the water. The picture shows me that she is washing apples. The words on page 3 say: We can wash the apples. That s how the words go with the picture. Practice the Skill Have children tell how the picture on another page in the book goes with the words on that page. Writing Prompt Read aloud the following prompt. Have children draw and write their response, using the writing prompt on page 6. Draw something you would like to cook. Write about why you like this food. 4 Lesson 25: K_301679_ELL_LRTG_L25_Apples.indd 4 11/3/09 5:17:12 PM

5 English Language Learners Cultural Support Some children may be unfamiliar with the tradition of picking your own apples at an apple orchard or the food, applesauce. Explain that families and schools go to orchards to be outside and have the experience of seeing how things grow. One of the simplest things to cook with apples is applesauce. Oral Language Development Check the children s comprehension, using a dialogue that best matches their English proficiency level. Speaker 1 is the teacher, Speaker 2 is the child. Beginning/ Early Intermediate Intermediate Early Advanced/ Advanced Speaker 1: Point to a child picking an apple. Speaker 2: [Points to child picking an apple] Speaker 1: Point to a child washing apples. Speaker 2: [Points to child washing apples] Speaker 1: What do the children do on their class trip? Speaker 2: pick apples Speaker 1: What does the teacher do after the apples are washed? Speaker 2: She cuts them and cooks them. Speaker 1: What do the children and teacher do with the apples they pick? Speaker 2: They wash and cut and cook them. Then they eat the applesauce. Name Date Lesson 25 BLACKLINE MASTER 25.9 Children read and circle the words that answer the question. 1. Where did the children find the apples? on a tree in a store Children draw and color a picture of an apple they would like to eat. 2. Read directions to children.. All rights reserved. 11, Unit 5: Growing and Changing 5 Lesson 25: K_301679_ELL_LRTG_L25_Apples.indd 5 7/27/09 11:36:14 AM

6 Name Date Draw something you would like to cook. Write about why you like this food. 6 Lesson 25: K_301679_ELL_LRTG_L25_Apples.indd 6 7/27/09 11:36:16 AM

7 Name Children read and circle the words that answer the question. Date Lesson 25 BLACKLINE MASTER Where did the children find the apples? on a tree in a store Children draw and color a picture of an apple they would like to eat Lesson 25: K_301679_ELL_LRTG_L25_Apples.indd 7 7/27/09 11:36:17 AM

8 Student LEVEL A Date Lesson 25 BLACKLINE MASTER Running Record Form page Selection Text Errors Self-Corrections We can pick the apples. We can wash the apples. We can cut the apples. We can cook the apples. We can eat the apples. Comments: Accuracy Rate (# words read correctly/25 100) % Self-Correction Rate (# errors + # Self-Corrections/ Self-Corrections) 1: Behavior Code Error Read word correctly cat 0 Repeated word, sentence, or phrase Omission cat 0 cat 1 Behavior Code Error Substitution cut cat 1 Self-corrects cut sc cat Insertion the ˆcat 1 Word told T 1 cat Lesson 25: K_301679_ELL_LRTG_L25_Apples.indd 8 12/4/09 11:28:26 PM

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