Summary of Insert Grades. Insert Grades. Cermet 16. PVD Coated Cermet 18. CVD Coated Carbide 20. PVD Coated Carbide 22. Ceramic 26

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1 11-32 Summary of Cermet 16 PVD Coated Cermet 18 CVD Coated 20 PVD Coated 22 PVD Coated for High Precision Machining 24 Ceramic 26 Cell Fiber Ceramic 28 CBN Diamond 31 11

2 Summary of Turning Summary of ISO ification TN Series TC Series Coated Cermet Micro Grain Cermet PV Series CA Series CR Series PR Series P01 P10 C8 C7 TC30 General Steel (Carbon Steel/Alloy Steel) P20 P30 P40 C6 C5 Stainless Steel (Stainless Steel/Steel Castings) PR1115 (Gray /Nodular ) M01 M10 M20 M30 M40 K01 K10 K20 K30 C8 C7 C6 C5 C4 C3 C2 C1 TN60 TN60 TN60 TN90 TN6020 PV60 CA5505 PR1005 PV90 CA5515 CA5525 CR9025 CA5535 TN90 TN6020 PV60 PV90 CA6515 CR9025 PR1125 TN30 TC30 CA4010 CA4115 CA4120 KA30 Ceramic A65 KS500 KS6000 CBN KBN65B KBN900 ISO ification Coated CA Series PR Series Non-ferrous Material (Aluminum/Non-ferrous Metal) N01 N10 C4 C3 N20 N30 C2 C1 Heat Resistant Material (Titanium Alloy / Ni Alloy) S01 S CA6515 PR1125 S20 S Hardened Material (Heat Treated Steel / Chilled ) H01 H10 C4 C3 H20 H30 C2 C1 Ceramic KX213 A65 A66N GW25 CBN KBN510 KBN10C KBN25B / KBN525 KBN25C KBN900 KBN10M KBN25M Diamond 12

3 Milling General Steel (Carbon Steel/Alloy Steel) Stainless Steel (Stainless Steel/Steel Castings) (Gray /Nodular ) ISO ification P01 C8 P10 C7 P20 P30 P40 C6 C5 M01 M10 M20 M30 M40 K01 K10 K20 K C4 C3 C2 C1 Coated Cermet TN Series TC Series PR Series TN60 TN100M PW30 TN100M Summary of CBN KBN65B KBN900 ISO ification Coated Non-ferrous Material (Aluminum/Non-ferrous Metal) N01 N10 C4 C3 N20 N30 C2 C1 Heat Resistant Material (Titanium Alloy / Ni Alloy) S01 S S20 S Hardened Material (Heat Treated Steel / Chilled ) H01 H10 C4 C3 H20 H30 C2 C1 GW25 CBN Diamond Drilling ISO ification Coated PR Series General Steel (Carbon Steel/Alloy Steel) P01 P10 C8 C7 P20 (PR925) P30 P40 C6 C5 Stainless Steel (Stainless Steel/Steel Castings) (Gray /Nodular ) M01 M10 M20 M30 M40 K01 K10 K20 K C4 C3 C2 C1 (PR925) ISO ification Coated Non-ferrous Material (Aluminum/Non-ferrous Metal) N01 N10 C4 C3 N20 N30 C2 C1 Heat Resistant Material (Titanium Alloy / Ni Alloy) S01 S / S20 S Hardened Material (Heat Treated Steel / Chilled ) H01 H10 C4 C3 H20 H30 C2 C1 13

4 14 Summary of Summary of Operation Cutting Range P M K N S H Steel Stainless Steel Gray Ductile Iron Non- Ferrous Ni Based Alloys Ti Based Alloys >45 Rc CBN Wear Resistance Wear Resistance Wear Resistance Wear Resistance Wear Resistance Wear Resistance Wear Resistance Wear Resistance >45 Rc Ceramic TN6020 CA5505 CA5515 CA5525 CA5535 CA6515 KA30 KS6000 PV30 CA4010 CA4120 KA30 TN60 CA4115 CA4120 KX213 CA6515 KBN510 KBN525 KBN900 A65 A66N TN60 TN6020 CA5515 CA5525 CA6515 CA4115 CA4115 CA6515 PR1125 KBN510 KBN525 - TN6020 CA5505 CA5515 CA5525 CA5535 CA6515 PR1125 PV30 KS6000 CA4010 TN60 CA4115 CA4120 CA6515 KBN510 KBN525 A65 A66N TN90 CR9025 CR9025 TN90 TN90 CR TN90 KBN510 KBN525 A65 PR PR TN100M TN100M PR730 KX213 PR730 KBN510 KBN525 - Turning Small Tools Boring Cut-Off Grooving Threading Drilling Milling PR1115 TN90 PR1115 CA5505 CA5505 GW25 PR1125 CA5535 PR1125

5 Grade Properties Cermets PVD Coated Cermet CVD Coated PVD Coated Uncoated Ceramics Grade Color Coating Layer Density TN6020 Hardness (HV) Young's Modulus (GPa) Fracture (MPa M) Flexural (MPa) n/a TN60 n/a TN100M n/a gray TC30 n/a n/a n/a TiAlN+TiN PV60 gold TiN PV90 TiN CA4010 TiCN+Al 2 +TiN CA4115 TiCN+Al 2 +TiN CA4120 TiCN+Al 2 +TiN CA5505 TiCN+Al 2 +TiN CA5515 TiCN+Al 2 +TiN Replaces CR7015 in steel gold CA5525 TiCN+Al 2 +TiN Replaces CR7025 & CA5025 CA5535 TiCN+Al 2 +TiN Notes CA6515 TiCN+Al 2 +TiN Replaces CA6015 TiCN+Al 2 +TiN CR9025 TiCN+TiN PR630 gold TiN gold TiN PR730 gold TiAlN+TiN gold TiAlN+TiN violet TiAlN violet TiAlN violet TiCN PR1005 mulberry TiCN (PR925) mulberry TiCN PR1115 mulberry TiAlN PR1125 mulberry TiAlN PW30 n/a gray n/a GW25 n/a KA30 white n/a A65 black n/a A66N gold TiN KS500 gray n/a KS6000 gray n/a KX213 gray n/a Cell Fiber for aerospace applications 15

6 Cermet Cermet Cermet Kyocera is known as the leading manufacturer of cermets. Kyocera's cermet inserts come in a wide variety of grades and designs in order to satisfy demanding operations. Designed to provide long tool life and excellent surface finishes, cermets combine toughness with superior wear resistance. Advantages Better wear properties than carbide Longer tool life leads to less machine down time HIgher cutting speeds result in greater productivity Superior surface finish eliminates many secondary operations Kyocera's Cermet and Features TN6020 TiCN based super micro-grain cermet with high nitrogen content. Excellent wear resistance and toughness. TN60 Machining of steel, stainless steel, cast iron and non-ferrous metal when excellent surface finish and close size control is required. TN100M For milling of steel and stainless steel. TiCN+NbC base cermet. Excellent for grooving and threading. Stable machining. For milling, grooving, and threading. Stable machining. Cermet Area Map Low Cutting Speed High TC30 TN60 TN6020 TN 100M Application Low High ISO ification P01 P10 C8 C7 General Steel (Carbon Steel/Alloy Steel) P20 P30 P40 C6 C5 Stainless Steel (Stainless Steel/Steel Castings) (Gray /Nodular ) M01 M10 M20 M30 M40 K01 K10 K20 K C4 C3 C2 C1 Turning/Milling TN Series TC Series TN60 TN100M TC30 TN60 TN100M TC30 Micro Grain Cermet TN6020 TN6020 Cutting Performance.016 Feed Rate to Breakage f (ipt) ,SDKN42AUTN 830SFM,.008ipt doc.08", dry wear (inch).008 Competitor A Competitor B.004 Competitor A 0 10 time (min) 20 Competitor B 16 Work Material: 1050 SDKN42AUTN Work Material: 4140(workpiece with grooves), SDKN42AUTN 330SFM, doc.08", Dry

7 TN6020, TN30, TN60, TN90, TN100M TN6020 Bending Strength 99.9 Breaking probability (%) Competitor Cermet B Av. 1370MPa Improved P15 Av. 2700MPa Equal TN6020 Av. 2600MPa Cermet Bending strength (MPa) TN6020 Micro-grain Structure Conventional Cermet average grain size microns TN6020 Average grain size 0.6 microns smaller grain size Cutting Data D Knitter Parts 540SFM doc.040e.080".005ipt Dry SDKN42AUTN 6 teeth Crank Shaft 600SFM doc.020".012ipr Coolant CNMG432HS q q.5 Differential Gear Parts 200~310SFM doc.160~.240".003ipt Coolant SDKN42AUTN 8 teeth q1.1 q5.4 q4 Vice TN100M More than 1100 pcs TN pcs/edge TN100M 259 pcs Competitor Cermet E 500 pcs Conventional Coated C 100 pcs/edge Competitor Cermet C 40 pcs 17

8 PVD Coated Cermet PVD Coated Cermet Kyocera's PVD coated cermets have features of both cermets and coated carbides. They provide good surface finishes and efficient machining. PVD Coated Cermet Advantages Wide range of machining from middle roughing to finishing. Better than conventional cermets when using coolant. Long tool life and stable machining due to the combination of special coating layers and tough substrates. Kyocera's PVD Coated Cermet and Features PV90 Multi-layer PVD coated super micro-grain cermet for superior performance. Greatly improved wear resistance when high speed machining. Excellent performance for roughing to finishing of steels. Reliable cutting with coolant. Use when tougher grade than conventional cermet is needed. Cutting Speed High PVD Coated Cermet Area Map Ceramic Cermet Low Coated Low High Application ISO ification P01 C8 General Steel (Carbon Steel/Alloy Steel) P10 C7 P20 C6 P30 P40 C5 C4 Stainless Steel (Stainless Steel/Steel Castings) (Gray /Nodular ) M01 M10 M20 M30 M40 K01 K10 K20 K C4 C3 C2 C1 Turning PV Series PV90 PV90 Cutting Performance Shock Number to Breakage Competitor's PVD Cermet A Competitor's PVD Cermet B Work material: 1045 CNMG432HS 660SFM, DOC.08", coolant 18

9 , PV30, PV60, PV90 Fine Surface Coating Structure Á Á Á TiN based coating TiAIN based coating Super micro-grain based cermet substrate PVD Coated Cermet The fine surface PVD coating greatly improves wear resistance when high speed machining. PVD coated cermets provide good chip control, fine surface finishes and long tool life. Application SS400(JIS) Gear Balance Shaft 730SFM doc.040".012ipr Wet CNMG33 q1.48 q2.56 Gear Part 1,000SFM doc.036".010ipr Wet DNMG433GS q48 q162 Roller 600SFM doc.008".004ipr Wet DCMT32.51GP q pcs/edge 350 pcs/edge 200 pcs/edge Conventional PVD Cermet K 300 pcs/edge Conventional PVD Cermet L 200 pcs/edge Competitor's Cermet F 100 pcs/edge 19

10 CVD Coated CVD Coated Kyocera's CVD Coated and Features CA4010 CA4115 CA4120 CA5505 CA5515 High speed, high efficiency machining of gray cast iron. Micro grain Al 2 thick film coating. Wear resistance for continuous machining of nodular cast iron. Special coating layers of fine columnar TiCN and Al 2. Crack resistance for light to heavy interrupted cutting of nodular cast iron. Special coating layers of fine columnar TiCN and Al 2. Continous high speed finishing for steel. Long tool life from Al 2., MTCVD and TiCN layers. Also applicable for nodular cast iron. First choice for continuous to light interrupted high speed cutting of steel. Good wear resistance due to thick Al 2 film and MTCVD coating. Also applicable for nodular cast iron. CVD Coated Kyocera's CVD coated carbide grades use ceramic thin film coating technology and provide stable, efficient machining at high speeds or heavy interrupted applications. Advantages Applicable for low to high speed machining and finishing to roughing Stable machining is obtained due to high toughness and crack resistance Reduced machining times due to good chip control from effective chipbreakers CA5525 CA5535 CA6515 CR9025 First choice for interrupted and general cutting of steel. Strong film of Al 2 with MTCVD TiCN layer provides good wear resistance and edge strength. Designed for heavy interrupted cutting and high feed machining of steel. Al 2 film and MTCVD TiCN coating provides a good balance of wear resistance and toughness. Continuous to light interrupted high speed cutting of stainless steel. Good wear resistance due to thickal 2 film and MTCVD coating. For interrrupted general cutting of stainless steel. Strong Al 2 film with MTCVD TiCN layer provides good resistance and reduces notching and burrs. Cutting off, grooving, and multi-function machining. TiCN coating. Application General Steel (Carbon Steel / Alloy Steel) Stainless Steel (Stainless Steel / Steel Castings) (Gray / Nodular ) ISO ification P01 P10 P20 P30 P40 M01 M10 M20 M30 M40 K01 K10 K20 K30 C8 C7 C6 C C4 C3 C2 C1 CA5505 CA4010 Turning CA Series CA5515 CA5525 CA5535 CA CA4115 CA4120 CR Series CR9025 CR9025 CA5525 Wear Resistance CA5525 Impact Resistance Wear (in.) Cutting Conditions: 1000SFM, DOC.080,.012ipr, Wet Work Material: 4140 : CNMG432 Comp. A Comp. B CA5525 Comp. A Cutting Conditions: 1000SFM, DOC.060,.014ipr, Dry Work Material: 4140 : CNMG432 Comp. C Comp. B CA Comp. C Time in Cut (min.) 10 minutes of wear. Number of Impacts

11 CA4010, CA4115, CA4120, CA5505, CA5515, CA5525, CA5535, CA6015 CA Series Coated s Developed for a wide range of materials such as steel, cast iron, and stainless steel. Improved wear resistance due to combination of layers of Al 2 and MTCVD TiCN Strong edge and fewer cracks due to new coating technology. CA Series Coating Technology CVD Coated New Smooth Bright Gold Coating Conventional Coating Prevents adhesion and sudden fracture High quality surface finish Easy to recognize used cutting edges Cutting Data 316SS Connector V= 400 SFM d=.08" f=.008 ipr WET CNMG432MS Dia pcs/edge Competitor A 6 pcs/edge Compared to competitor A, the MS chipbreaker () shows good chip evacuation and wear resistance, improving the tool life by almost 300%. 21

12 PVD Coated PVD Coated PVD Coated Kyocera's PVD coated carbide grades are based on ceramic thin film technology and are good for milling, threading, grooving, and stainless steel cutting. Very tough carbide substrate and innovative coating technology promote excellent wear resistance and strong coating adhesion for long tool life and stable machining. Advantages Good for low to high speeds, finishing to heavy machining. Stable machining with high toughness. Special coatings provides good surface finishing and high precision machining Kyocera's PVD Coated and Features First choice for drilling steel and stainless steel. Good choice for milling of steel and stainless steel. TiN coating. For mold machining at high cutting speeds. Newly developed TiAlN fine surface coating. Resistant to micro chipping and suitable for milling gray cast iron and nodular cast iron. Also suitable for turning high temperature alloys. TiAlN fine surface coating. Application PR1005 (PR925) Micro grain substrate with TiCN coating for turning free cutting steels and titanium. Micro grain substrate with TiCN coating for milling stainless steels. PR1115 Micro grain carbide substrate with TiAlN coating for high speed grooving of stainless steels. PR1125 Micro grain carbide substrate with TiAlN coating for turning stainless steels and high temp alloys. ISO ification Turning/Milling/Drilling PR Series General Steel (Carbon Steel / Alloy Steel) P01 P10 C8 C7 PR1005 P20 P30 P40 C6 C5 Stainless Steel (Stainless Steel / Steel Castings) (Gray /Nodular ) M01 M10 M20 M30 M40 K01 K10 K20 K C4 C3 C2 C1 PR1115 (925) PR1125 PR510 ISO ification Non-ferrous Material (Aluminum / Non-ferrous Metal) N01 N10 C4 C3 N20 N30 C2 C1 Heat Resistant Material (Titanium Alloy / Ni Alloy) S01 S S20 S Hardened Material (Heat Treated Steel / Chilled ) H01 H10 C4 C3 H20 H30 C2 C1 Turning Milling Drilling PR Series Cutting Performance Performance on Stainless Steel.008 wear (inch) Work Material: AISI SFM.008ipt doc.080" Dry Competitor A PVD Coated time (min) Comp. A 22

13 High Performance PVD Coated : is newly developed for high speed mold machining. New TiAlN-FS(Fine Surface) coating promotes stability and good wear resistance. PVD Coated grade / High speed machining and good wear resistance Coating Layer of TiN Coat FS Coat (TiAlN) Suitable for high speed machining and good wear resistance. Special tough carbide substrate Fracture resistance for heavy interrupted cutting. Structure for high temperature stability Cutting Speed Feed Rate PVD Coated Cutting Data Gear V = 800 SFM DOC = f =.005 ipt; ipm Wet MEC1250-S BDMT170416ERJT Competitor ADKT1505PDR Competitor pcs/edge 100 pcs/edge AISI304 Base 1060SFM DOC.110".007ipt (F=36ipm) Dry SOKR13T3AXEN-J MSO45160R Purpose of Test: Decrease Cycle Time Increase Tool Life Results of Test: Kyocera increased productivity 345% Kyocera increased tool life by 70% Competitor's T 450 pcs/edge 200 pcs/edge 23

14 PVD Coated for High Precision Machining PVD Coated for High Precision Machining Kyocera's PVD coated carbides for precision machining were developed to meet the requirements form the IT industry by applying the ceramic thin film coating and precise edging technologies. PVD Coated for High Precision Machining Advantages Kyocera's PVD Coated and Features Application For high precision machining of IT related equipment. Stable and reliable for super precision parts due to the super micro-grain carbide substrate. Superior wear resistance. Super micro-grain carbide substrate provides a high bending strength. Outstanding stability and long tool life for precision machining. Covers the machining range of conventional carbides. Applicable for a wide range of machining from low to high speed, and from light cuts to super-fine finishing. Recommended for various materials including free cutting steel and stainless steels due to the strong cutting edge and reduced affinity to most metals. Excellent for high quality, precision machining and good surface finishes. ISO ification Turning Milling Drilling PR Series General Steel (Carbon Steel/Alloy Steel) P01 P10 C8 C7 P20 P30 P40 C6 C5 Stainless Steel (Gray /Nodular ) M01 M10 M20 M30 M40 K01 K10 K20 K C4 C3 C2 C1 Fine Surface Coating Conventional Coating Coating Layer Á Á TiAIN based coating Super micro-grain carbide substrate Coating Layer Á Á TiCN based coating Super micro-grain carbide substrate 24

15 , Surface Roughness (Rmax:7in) Cutting Speed Feed Rate Cutting Performance of has a super micro grain substrate and TiA N-based Fine Surface coating. The smooth surface promotes a good surface finish Surface Roughness Pass No. Surface finish is consistent even after machining 200 passes. Work: AISI 430F, N=4000( SFM), DOC.004".0016ipr AISI 430F Automobile Part Sleeve 620~830SFM DOC.004".0016ipr Coolant DCGT () Competitor's Coating A PVD Coated for High Precision Machining Area Map Cutting Speed High Diamond Ceramic Cermet Coating Low H.S.S Low Feed Rate High q1.1 q.9 q2 q2.65 q2.68 q.86 q1.02 q.6 By changing to -Tool life doubled. -Surface roughness was improved. 1.4 q pcs/edge 150 pcs/edge Surface Roughness (Ra : 7in) (350 pcs/edge) 11.4 Competitor's Coating (150 pcs/edge) 31.1 Super Micro Grain & TiCN PVD Coating has a super micro grain substrate with the highest bending strength (4,000MPa) and TiCN PVD coating for high precision machining. It is suitable for machining small parts, grooving and threading applications requiring a sharp cutting edge, especially when the cutting speed is less than 500SFM. Cutting Data (Normalized) 1045 Grooving Input Shaft 460SFM DOC.060".004ipr Coolant Hub 450SFM DOC.016".003ipr Coolant Automobile Part 390~460SFM.002e.004ipr Coolant Special 2,000 pcs/edge 2,000 pcs/edge 2,000 pcs/edge Competitor's carbide A Competitor's carbide B 400 pcs/edge + PVD 300 pcs/edge Competitor's Coated C 400 pcs/edge 25

16 Turning Indexable s Ceramic Ceramic Ceramic inserts are capable of running at high speeds, thus reducing expensive machining times. Hard turning of 38Rc to 64Rc carbon and alloy steels,or rough to finish turning of cast irons is recommended for ceramic inserts. Kyocera's ceramic inserts are designed to resist oxidation and maintain hardness at elevated temperatures. Advantages Excellent wear resistance promotes high cutting speeds.. Ceramic maintains good surface finishes due to the low affinity to workpiece materials. KS6000 and KS500 have improved thermal shock resistance; cast iron machining with coolant is possible. Kyocera's Ceramic and Features A65 A66N KA30 Aluminum oxide and titanium carbide. Designed for semi-roughing to finishing of steel, cast iron and hardened materials. Aluminum oxide and titanium carbide with TiN coating. Tougher and more wear resistant. Aluminum oxide ceramic. For finishing of cast iron at high cutting speeds without coolant. Application KS500 KS6000 Silicon nitride ceramic. Designed for interrupted, high feed machining of cast iron, with or without coolant. Silicon nitride ceramic. First choice for rough turning of cast iron, with or without coolant. Material ification K01 (Gray /Ductile ) K10 K20 K30 H01 High Hard Material (Heat Treated Steel/Chilled ) H10 H20 H30 KA30 A65 A65 Ceramic A66N KS500 A66N KS6000 Ceramic Area Map Hot Hardness Low Cutting Speed High A65 KA30 A66N KS500 KS6000 Low High Hardness (Hv) Black Ceramic (Al20 3 +TiC) White Ceramic (Al ) Cermet High Speed Steel Temperature ( C) 26 A66N TiN Coated Ceramic for Hard Turning Advantages Can be used to replace CBN inserts for turning hardened materials in many applications Costs much less than CBN; reduces cycle times Tougher and more wear resistant than conventional black ceramics The new coating layer provides increased stability and prevents chipping The anti-oxidation of A66N is improved over typical ceramics, decreasing crater wear and leading to longer tool life

17 Ceramics Silicon Nitride Ceramic KS6000 The structure of KS6000 provides increased toughness. Machining with coolant is possible. High speed and high feed rate machining of cast iron. Suitable for roughing with coolant. Suitable for high speed milling of cast iron, such as cylinder blocks. Ceramic G3000-Mod Flywheel Ring Turn and Face Vc = 1575 SFM d =.105 f =.010 ipr Wet CNGA 433 T B Cast Brake Drum - Bore Vc = 2615 SFM d =.125 f =.011 ipr Dry CNGA 543 T B Cast Cylinder - Bore Vc = 3250 SFM d =.075 f =.005 ipr Dry SNG 434 T00820 Machined portion KS pcs/edge 4X the tool life!!! KS pcs/edge 107% Improvement!!! KS pcs/edge 100% Improvement!!! Competitor Si3N4 7 pcs/edge Competitor Si3N4 30 pcs/edge Competitor Coated Si3N4 8 pcs/edge Aluminum Oxide Ceramic: KA30 High purity aluminum oxide ceramic KA30 with uniform microstructure provides excellent wear resistance at high speed finishing of cast iron. 35B Cast Sleeve 35B Cast Sleeve 30B Cast Rear Disk Vc = 1000 SFM d =.012 f =.010 ipr Dry SNG433 Vc = 1000 SFM d =.020 f =.012 ipr Dry SNG433 V = 1010~1120 SFM d =.020 f =.010 ipr Dry SNG433 KA pcs/edge KA pcs/edge KA pcs/edge Competitor Ceramic A 250 pcs/edge Competitor Ceramic B 120 pcs/edge Competitor Ceramic C 50 pcs/edge 27

18 Cell Fiber Ceramic Cell Fiber Ceramic Cell Fiber Ceramic Continuing with Kyocera's long tradition of cutting edge ceramic technology, cell fiber ceramic combines toughness and wear resistance into one insert, similar to whisker reinforced ceramics. Cell fibers feature a hard, wear resistant ceramic core and a tough ceramic shell. The tough shell stops cracks that form in the core. Advantages Excellent performance in high temperature alloys under 50Rc. Combats thermal shock created by coolant and interruptions. Improved resistance to notching. Indentation Test Crack propagation is stopped by tough ceramic shell. Tough Ceramic Shell Hard Ceramic Core Cell fibers are grouped to prevent large scale fracture. Application Material ification S01 Hard-to-machine Material (Titanium Alloy/Ni Alloy) S10 S20 S30 Turning/Milling Cell Fiber Ceramic KX213 Vc = 1200 SFM d =.060 f =.004 ipr Dry RNG43T00320 Inconel 713C 42Rc Nozzle Ring Turbine Rotor Stud Vc = 800 SFM d =.050 f =.015 ipr Wet RNG45 T00420 Vc = 1000 SFM d =.005 fz =.0045 ipr Wet RNG45 T00420 Inconel Rc 2 1 & KX213 1 pc/edge KX213 Equivalent parts/edge as competitor Equivalent parts/edge as competitor Competitor Whisker Reinforced Ceramic 1 pc/edge Operation Competitor Whisker Reinforced Ceramic Excessive notching Excessive wear 28

19 CBN CBN (Cubic Boron Nitride) Second only to diamond in hardness, CBN is a synthetically produced material. CBN is a stable material under high temperature conditions. Advantages Long tool life due to high hardness. Suitable for high speed machining of cast iron or heat treated steel due to less reactivity. Stable machining due to high thermal conductivity. CBN Kyocera's CBN & Features Grade KBN510 KBN525 KBN65B KBN900 Structure Hardness (HV) Fracture (MPa m) Flexural Strength (MPa) Application Features 2,800 2,700 3,150 3, General purpose, Good wear resistance and crack resistance. For hardened materials. Uniform matrix of CBN and binder for maximum heat disperson. General purpose, Interrupted Cuts For interrupted cutting of hardened steel. High speed and high feed rate machining.uniform matrix of CBN and binder for maximum heat disperson. Long tool life at high cutting speeds for cast iron. Heavy and Interrupted Cuts Heavy cutting and interrupted cutting of hardened material. Multiple edges promote lower costs. KBN525 Grain Structure BB Chipbreaker Designed to provide chip control in case hardened materials with softer cores. Conventional CBN KBN525 Uniform Matrix BB chipbreaker chip control Conventional CBN chip control SFM Hard Turning BB Chipbreaker Edge Preps Tough Spec Type Larger Stable Type 650 General Pupose (S00730) D.O.C. Middle- (S00625) 325 Sharp Cutting Type Medium (S00525) Smaller (S00325) (S00525) Continuous Mild Interruption Interruption Heavy Interruption Sharper Edge Preparation Tougher Continuous Light Interrupted Interrupted 29

20 A wide variety of carbides are available from Kyocera, including for non-ferrous metals and micro-grain carbides for precision machining. Advantages Tough and hard Good thermal conductivity Suitable for machining non-ferrous metals and non-metals Stable machining at slow cutting speeds, including milling operations Kyocera's and Features GW25 High wear resistance and anti-chipping performance for cast iron and non-ferrous metals. High wear resistance and anti-chipping performance for milling operations in aluminum. Application ISO ification Turning Milling Drilling General Steel (Carbon Steel/Alloy Steel) P01 P10 P20 P30 P40 C8 C7 C6 C5 Stainless Steel (Stainless Steel/Steel Castings) (Gray /Nodular ) M01 M10 M20 M30 M40 K01 K10 K20 K C4 C3 C2 C1 ISO ification Turning Milling Drilling Non-ferrous Material (Aluminum/Non-ferrous Metal) N01 N10 C4 C3 GW25 N20 N30 C2 C1 Heat Resistant Material (Titanium Alloy / Ni Alloy) S01 S S20 S Hardened Material (Heat Treated Steel / Chilled ) H01 H10 C4 C3 H20 H30 C2 C1 30

21 Diamond Diamond Synthetic diamond sintered under high temperatures and pressures. Advantages Long tool life due to high hardness. Stable machining due to high thermal conductivity. High cutting speed increases machining productivity. Reduced edge build-up allows for high precision machining. Diversified applications for machining of non-ferrous metals and non-metals Diamond Kyocera's Diamond & Features Grade (Av. Grain size under 40 in) Application For non-ferrous metal such as aluminum, brass. For fiber glass, plastics. For tungsten carbide and ceramic. Features Micro grain diamond. Strong cutting edge, good wear resistance. Grade (Av. Grain size 400 in) Application For non-ferrous metal such as aluminum, brass. For fiber glass, plastics. For tungsten carbide and ceramic. Features Good wear resistance and toughness. General purpose Wear Resistance KPD Grade Applications Piston 3300SFM DOC.080".010ipr Coolant CNMM432M Cast Aluminum Sprue Concave Part 3.4 Cutting Length Cover 1600SFM () ~1400SFM ().020" ( / ).007ipr ().002ipr () Coolant DNMM432M-SE Die Cast Aluminum 3.5 / 3.1 Fracture Resistance Super Micro-Grain pcs / edge Super Micro-Grain pcs / edge Wear Resistance Comparison Competitor E (Super Micro-Grain PCD) 6000~8000 pcs / edge Competitor F (Super Micro-Grain PCD) pcs / edge Nose Wear (inch) Conventional PCD Cutting Length (ft) : Cast Aluminum : CNMM431M 1800SFM doc.006".009ipr Wet Surface Roughness after machining aluminum alloy Interrupted cutting at sprue and concave part. Competitor E's tool life was short due to chipping. machined without chipping for 10,000 pcs / edge. Bushing 1150SFM DOC.003~.004".003ipr Coolant TPGN321SE Super Micro-Grain Cu-based Sintered Metal Machined Part Cu-based Sintered Metal Competitor F produced burrs. machined without burrs. Competitor F required coolant. can machine without coolant, thereby reducing overall costs. Connecting Rod (Boring of the bushing at the smaller end) 800SFM DOC.004 ( / ).0028ipr ().0016ipr () Coolant Special brazed tool (Corner R=.02") Super Micro-Grain BC6 300 pcs / edge 1350 pcs / edge Ra (in) Comp.B Comp.C Comp.D Competitor G (Super Micro-Grain PCD) 150 pcs / edge 500~1060 pcs / edge Interruped cutting due to sintered metal micro pores showed superior wear resistance to competitor G. Competitor H (Conventional PCD) Conventional tool caused chipping due to chip damage. caused no chipping, reduced burr formation, and improved tool life. 31

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