Partners: Heifer Nepal Sokoine University of Agriculture, Tanzania. Poultry Skills for Rural Livelihoods

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1 Partners: Heifer Nepal Sokoine University of Agriculture, Tanzania Poultry Skills for Rural Livelihoods

2 The Potential of Village Poultry David Bunn, PhD

3 Potential of Village Chicken 1. Value of Village Chicken: Nutrition Income Practical First business 2. Challenges of Village Chicken 3. Improving Village Chicken 4. Strategies for Intervention

4 Key Micro-Nutrients & Income

5 Critical Nutritional Value Provide key micro-nutrients for pregnant and lactating women, and infants and children Good source of: Iron, Zinc, vitamins A and B12, selenium and choline. Eggs are superb source of protein

6 Accessible Nutrition Eggs cook easily and quickly, and can be kept without refrigeration for several days-- important attributes in areas without electricity. Small size of poultry encourages consumption. A chicken can feed an entire family without resulting in leftover meat, which can not be store safely without refrigeration. Poultry are a important food source during the dry season.

7 Income from Eggs and Chickens Raising poultry source of income for women % or income in Africa Woman s income from eggs and birds used to pay for medicine, clothing, school fees, home repair, and emergencies.

8 Laying Hens per Household X Eggs per Hen per Year Hens/ Eggs Per Year 5 Hens Hens (2.5x) Hens (4.5x) Hens (7x)

9 Annual Income for Household Producer #Eggs/Price Eggs 30,000 40,000 50,000 60, Eggs 75, , , , Eggs 135, , , , Eggs 210, , , ,000 (14X)

10 Household Poultry is Practical Accessible to rural poor, land not required. Village poultry is low risk -requires little investment They are easy to raise and have a short production cycle compared to cattle, hogs, and goats Improvements in production can be accomplished in a few months versus a few years for large livestock. Women & children, elderly, disabled or the ill can care for poultry. Free-range poultry control pests by eating snails and insects, and Manure is good fertilizer for vegetable gardens.

11 First Business --Farmer - Entrepreneur 1. Attended classes 2. Copied school demo 3. Invested $ Has birds 5. Sells eggs per week 6. Payback 2- years 7. Egg sales supported starting a new Sim Card business

12 Challenges of Village Chicken Attitude low priority of farmers and farm advisors Preventing disease it is difficult to implement biosecurity for freeranging flocks in a village setting, and it is difficult to get access to Newcastle vaccine. Free-ranging -- local poultry are often free-ranging, which makes them susceptible to predators, theft, and diseases. Lack of poultry housing difficult to manage eggs, prevent predation and theft. Securing affordable feed for supplemental feeding it may be difficult to find an affordable local feed. Improving Chick Survival lack of chicks is a limiting factor for household producers. Market difficulties can be difficult to get the best price for eggs and chickens without information about market options.

13 Package of Interventions for Improving Chicken & Egg Production Attitudes changing Newcastle Vaccination----- good vaccines available Chick survival better chick management & vaccine Night shelters for household flock affordable local designs Supplemental feeding local crop wastes and harvest of termites etc. Train CAHW and local veterinary suppliers

14 Intervention Strategies: Train local veterinary suppliers. Work with women farmers groups. Train CAHW and extension staff Work through local schools

15 Poultry Skills for Improving Rural Livelihoods Extension-Education Strategies

16 A School-Hub Community Approach 1. Train teachers livelihood skills lessons 2. 5 th and 6 th classes taught learning science with home applications 3. Hands-on school lessons 4. Trainings for parents 5. Connecting veterinary extension with schools 6. Students collect data

17 Extension-Education A School-Hub Community Approach 1. Train teachers livelihood skills lessons 2. 5 th and 6 th classes taught learning science with home applications 3. Hands-on school lessons 4. Trainings for parents 5. Connecting veterinary extension with schools 6. Students collect data

18 Chicken & Eggs -- Low Hanging Fruit of Rural Development

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