Watershed Connections

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1 Watershed Connections Learning about watersheds in the Portland Metro area What is a Watershed? A watershed is an area of land where all the rain and snow drains into a Watershed Boundary Headwaters common body of Tributary water such as a lake, river, or ocean. Confluence Groundwater Match each watershed word with its correct definition. 1. Headwaters 2. Watershed Boundary 3. Confluence 4. Tributary 5. Groundwater A. A smaller stream that flows into a larger stream or body of water B. The area surrounding a network of streams. Any water within this area will flow into the same body of water. C. Where two streams join together D. Water located beneath the earth s surface E. The source where a stream starts Answers: 1. E 2. B 3. C 4. A 5. D

2 The Water Cycle The water cycle is the continuous movement of water on, above, or below the surface of the earth. Water travels through the water cycle by changing between a liquid (water), gas (water vapor), or solid (ice). Match each phase of the water cycle from the word bank into the diagram below Word Bank Evaporation - water heating up into water vapor Precipitation water falling from the sky as rain or snow Runoff water flowing down a surface Condensation water vapor cools down to form clouds Transpiration water is carried up by plants from their roots and changes into water vapor Answers: 1. Transpiration 2. Evaporation 3. Condensation 4. Precipitation 5. Runoff

3 Portland s Watersheds There are five major watersheds in the city of Portland. Did you know that all of the rivers and creeks in Portland eventually flow into the Pacific Ocean? Do you live in a watershed? Everyone lives in a watershed no matter where you live on the Earth! Do you know which watershed you live in? To find out, draw a star where you live on the map above. Your star will be within a watershed boundary that s your watershed! If you are not sure where your home is on the map above, ask a parent or teacher for help.

4 What s your watershed address? You just learned which watershed you live in. But do you know your watershed address? Tryon Creek Willamette River Columbia River Pacific Ocean Your watershed address shows you the connections between all the creeks and rivers downstream of where you live. Once water falls onto your home, it follows a journey until it eventually reaches a final body of water. Your watershed address will show you this exact journey. 1. Write the name of the closest body of water to your house 2. Where does the water go from there? Look at the map on the previous page. Write the name of that waterway on the next line. Any time you reach a new body of water, write it on the next line. 3. Keep following the path of the water until you eventually end up in an ocean (HINT: The Columbia River flows into the Pacific Ocean). Write the name of that body of water on the last line. Now you know your watershed address!

5 Watershed Habitat Watersheds are more then just water they also include the surrounding habitat. The habitat of a watershed includes the plants and animals that live both in the water and nearby. This could include fish, algae, trees, shrubs, birds, squirrels, insects and many more! Draw your own watershed habitat Draw a picture of a watershed habitat below. Be sure to include a body of water! How many different plants and animals did you draw in the habitat?

6 Why does habitat matter to a stream? What happens on the banks along streams is very important for the water. One example of this is trees and fish. The two may not seem very connected at first but the truth is that fish need trees to survive. Let s find out why: I can t live in water that is too hot. Trees help keep creeks nice and cool by shading the water. I help hold dirt on stream banks into place. All the dirt would erode into the water, making it too murky for fish. Tree branches that fall into the creek make perfect spots for me to hide from predators. Critical Thinking 1. How would a stream change if it did not have trees? How would this affect the plants and animals that live there? 2. Do humans need trees? What are some things trees provide for humans?

7 Pollution in our Watersheds In Portland, our watersheds are mostly urban, meaning the creeks and rivers are in the city. Being so close to the city means that urban watersheds can be polluted. Pollution can be very harmful to bodies of water and their ecosystems. What are two sources of pollution you see in the picture above? What are two ways you can reduce pollution in your watershed?

8 Watershed Word Search You have learned a lot about watersheds today! Let s review some of what you learned with the word search below. W Z G N R C C J J D X N L D H Q C T O A W K G O Z M O X B T H O R I I L U T J P Z I Z A B Y N I T B C C R E E K T O P U Q D B A M O N A C Y H A U O V F E U T U N O N V E S R Z L L F N T I L F D S A T T O W L P O S A P O L M P T T K P A U A N A R I C U K I A E E A T T C U T Y C R E H R T M N V E I I R I V E I N X A I A U E R O F E O T R V C Y T B L U W S N I R N M P E E Y I A L A Z H W C G L K S R B U O H I L A E F T Z B N N N J J N N W V Z D Q Z Word Bank WATERSHED TRANSPIRATION CONDENSATION CREEK PACIFIC CONFLUENCE PRECIPITATION RUNOFF WILLAMETTE TRIBUTARY COLUMBIA RIVER EVAPORATION HABITAT POLLUTION

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