Cycles of Matter. Chapter 13- Lesson 3

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Cycles of Matter. Chapter 13- Lesson 3"

Transcription

1 Cycles of Matter Chapter 13- Lesson 3

2 What processes are involved in the water cycle? Matter in an ecosystem includes water, carbon, oxygen, nitrogen, and many other substances. The water cycle is the continuous process by which water moves from Earth s surface to the atmosphere and back. The processes of evaporation, condensation, and precipitation make up the water cycle. Transpiration and runoff also play an imperative part in the water cycle.

3 Water Cycle Diagram

4 The Process Evaporation The process by which molecules of liquid water absorb energy and change to a gas is called evaporation. The energy to evaporate comes from the energy of the sun. Liquid water evaporates from lakes, oceans, and other sources to form water vapor. Liquid water that evaporates from plants or trees is known as transpiration. Condensation As water vapor rises high, it begins to cool down. The process by which a gas changes to a liquid called condensation. Once the water vapor cools, it turns back into tiny drops of liquid water. These tiny droplets collect around dust particles and form clouds. Precipitation As water vapor condenses, the grow heavy and the droplets become larger. The drops become so heavy, they fall to Earth as precipitation (rain, snow, sleet, or hail). Precipitation that falls on lakes, rivers, or other bodies of water, will eventually evaporate once again. Precipitation that falls on land, returns back to the ocean through the process of runoff.

5 How are Carbon, Oxygen, and Nitrogen recycled? In ecosystems, producers, consumers, and decomposers, all play roles in recycling carbon, oxygen, and nitrogen. Human activities affect the levels of carbon and oxygen in the air. When oil or plant based fuels are burnt, carbon dioxide is released. When forests are cleared for farmland or lumber, carbon dioxide is also released. Carbon dioxide is a major factor in global warming. Therefore, when trees are removed, there are fewer producers to absorb the carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. The process of burning trees is among the worst activities humans can do as it releases additional amounts of carbon dioxide.

6 The Carbon Cycle The carbon cycle is the process by which carbon moves within and between organisms and their physical environment. Most producers take in carbon dioxide through photosynthesis. This carbon dioxide is used to make food (sugars/starches). Consumers break down the food to get energy but in the process release carbon dioxide and water back into the ecosystem. The carbon begins to recycle as decomposers return the carbon molecules back into the soil or air.

7 The Nitrogen Cycle The air around us is 78% nitrogen gas. Most organisms can only use nitrogen after it has been combined with other elements. The process of changing free nitrogen into a useable form of nitrogen is called nitrogen fixation. This process is usually performed by certain types of bacteria. These bacteria live in bumps called nodules on the roots of certain plants. (See left) Both the bacteria and the plants benefit from this process. The bacteria feeds on the sugars, and the plant gets useable nitrogen. Once the nitrogen is fixed, it will cycle from the soil to producers and consumers many times.

8 Lesson 3 Vocabulary Evaporation: The process by which molecules at the surface of a liquid absorb enough energy to change to a gas. Condensation: The change in state from a gas to a liquid. Precipitation: Any form of water that falls from the clouds and Earth s surface as rain, snow, sleet, or hail. Carbon Cycle: The process by which carbon moves within and between organisms and their physical environment. Nitrogen Fixation: The process of changing free nitrogen gas into nitrogen compounds that plants can absorb.

Name Date. Cycling WebQuest

Name Date. Cycling WebQuest Name Date Cycling WebQuest Directions: Visit the following websites and answer the related questions. Your goal is to gain a better understanding of the carbon and nitrogen cycles. Background: In biogeochemical

More information

THE PLANT KINGDOM: THE WATER CYCLE

THE PLANT KINGDOM: THE WATER CYCLE THE PLANT KINGDOM: THE WATER CYCLE Material: The Water Cycle Nomenclature The Water cycle Model Water Ice Heat Source (lamp with a clamp) Tables Presentation 1: Key Experience 1. Say, Today we are going

More information

Which of the following can be determined based on this model? The atmosphere is the only reservoir on Earth that can store carbon in any form. A.

Which of the following can be determined based on this model? The atmosphere is the only reservoir on Earth that can store carbon in any form. A. Earth s Cycles 1. Models are often used to explain scientific knowledge or experimental results. A model of the carbon cycle is shown below. Which of the following can be determined based on this model?

More information

Summary This lesson will introduce the concept of the water cycle by using a simple demonstration.

Summary This lesson will introduce the concept of the water cycle by using a simple demonstration. Partnerships Implementing Engineering Education Worcester Polytechnic Institute Worcester Public Schools Supported by: National Science Foundation Weather: 4.H.3 Water Cycle Grade Level 4 Sessions Seasonality

More information

Study Guide: Water Cycle & Humidity

Study Guide: Water Cycle & Humidity Earth Science Name Date Per. Study Guide: Water Cycle & Humidity 1. Explain the difference between Specific Humidity and Relative Humidity. Specific humidity refers to the actual amount of water vapor

More information

An Online School for Weather. www.srh.noaa.gov/jetstream/atmos/ll_whatacycle_aquifers.pdf

An Online School for Weather. www.srh.noaa.gov/jetstream/atmos/ll_whatacycle_aquifers.pdf JetStream An Online School for Weather Aquifers Aquifers Aquifers 1 3 5 Aquifers Aquifers Aquifers 2 4 6 /atmos/ll_whatacycle_aquifers.pdf There are over 35 lesson plans in the National Weather Service

More information

a. a population. c. an ecosystem. b. a community. d. a species.

a. a population. c. an ecosystem. b. a community. d. a species. Name: practice test Score: 0 / 35 (0%) [12 subjective questions not graded] The Biosphere Practice Test Multiple Choice Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the

More information

Name Class Date STUDY GUIDE FOR CONTENT MASTERY

Name Class Date STUDY GUIDE FOR CONTENT MASTERY Atmosphere SECTION 11.1 Atmospheric Basics In your textbook, read about the composition of the atmosphere. Circle the letter of the choice that best completes the statement. 1. Most of Earth s atmosphere

More information

What is a Terrarium? Supplies Choosing your container Choosing your plants Building Your Terrarium

What is a Terrarium? Supplies Choosing your container Choosing your plants Building Your Terrarium What is a Terrarium? A terrarium is a collection of small plants growing in a transparent, sealed container. A terrarium is a closed environment, and can actually be used to illustrate how an ecosystem

More information

THE WATER CYCLE. Ecology

THE WATER CYCLE. Ecology THE WATER CYCLE Water is the most abundant substance in living things. The human body, for example, is composed of about 70% water, and jellyfish are 95% water. Water participates in many important biochemical

More information

SECOND GRADE 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES

SECOND GRADE 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES SECOND GRADE 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES WATER CYCLE OVERVIEW OF SECOND GRADE WATER WEEK 1. PRE: Exploring the properties of water. LAB: Experimenting with different soap mixtures. POST: Analyzing

More information

Overview. Suggested Lesson Please see the Greenlinks Module description.

Overview. Suggested Lesson Please see the Greenlinks Module description. Overview Plants interact with their environment in many ways that we cannot see. Children often enjoy learning about these hidden secrets of plant life. In this lesson, children will learn about role of

More information

Let s Make a Cloud. Objective Demonstrate the combination of three natural elements, to form a cloud: water vapor, smoke and air pressure.

Let s Make a Cloud. Objective Demonstrate the combination of three natural elements, to form a cloud: water vapor, smoke and air pressure. Let s Make a Cloud Related Subject: Climate and Weather Group Size: 10-15 Length of Activity: 45 minutes Objective Demonstrate the combination of three natural elements, to form a cloud: water vapor, smoke

More information

The Water Cycle. 4 th Grade Pre-Visit Activity #1

The Water Cycle. 4 th Grade Pre-Visit Activity #1 th Grade Pre-Visit Activity # The Water Cycle Overview Objectives Subjects Earth s water molecules circulate among air, plants, animals, and soil by way of the water cycle. This activity uses a game to

More information

Water Cycle Webquest

Water Cycle Webquest Grade 7 Science Calamity Day #8 Water Cycle Webquest In early 2014, NASA will launch an important satellite that will enable us to learn more about our home planet. The Global Precipitation Measurement

More information

Teaching Machine Based on the work of Judi Garratt

Teaching Machine Based on the work of Judi Garratt Teaching Machine Based on the work of Judi Garratt 1. Ask students to name various machines they see in the room. 2. Establish that movement of machines is mechanical, repetitive, and often stationary.

More information

The Sun and Water Cycle

The Sun and Water Cycle reflect Have you ever jumped in a puddle or played in the rain? If so, you know you can get very wet. What you may not know is that a dinosaur could have walked through that same water millions of years

More information

Teacher s Note The Rain Recipe

Teacher s Note The Rain Recipe Teacher s Note The Rain Recipe The Water Cycle has several parts that are linked together. The diagram explains how it works. It is an ongoing natural system that is always in motion. To move from the

More information

What are the subsystems of the Earth? The 4 spheres

What are the subsystems of the Earth? The 4 spheres What are the subsystems of the Earth? The 4 spheres Essential Questions What are the 4 spheres of the Earth? How do these spheres interact? What are the major cycles of the Earth? How do humans impact

More information

Making a Terrarium. fairchild tropical botanic garden 1

Making a Terrarium. fairchild tropical botanic garden 1 Making a Terrarium What is a Terrarium? A terrarium is a collection of small plants growing in a transparent, sealed container. A terrarium is a closed environment, and can actually be used to illustrate

More information

I can build a model to simulate parts of the water cycle. I will be able to recognize and explain the essential elements of the water cycle.

I can build a model to simulate parts of the water cycle. I will be able to recognize and explain the essential elements of the water cycle. The Water Cycle I can build a model to simulate parts of the water cycle. I will be able to recognize and explain the essential elements of the water cycle. Background Water, in its different forms, cycles

More information

Carbon/Oxygen Cycle. Zain Aamer, Christine Pak, Lorrin Stone, Vivian Xu

Carbon/Oxygen Cycle. Zain Aamer, Christine Pak, Lorrin Stone, Vivian Xu Carbon/Oxygen Cycle Zain Aamer, Christine Pak, Lorrin Stone, Vivian Xu Step One - Carbon Dioxide Carbon is released into the atmosphere through the form of carbon dioxide due to combustion and respiration

More information

Grade 7. Objective. Students will be able to:

Grade 7. Objective. Students will be able to: Grade 7 Objective Students will be able to: Describe the carbon cycle in more detail: o Learn about the importance of carbon and the role it plays in photosynthesis and cellular respiration, Identify elements

More information

The Sun and Water Cycle

The Sun and Water Cycle reflect Think of the last time it rained in your city. When the rain stopped, you probably saw puddles on the ground. After a few hours, though, the ground was dry again. Where did all that rainwater go?

More information

Materials Needed: Time Needed: Adaptations: 2 flyswatters (optional) Vocabulary Definitions (below) Vocabulary Scramble Sheets (below)

Materials Needed: Time Needed: Adaptations: 2 flyswatters (optional) Vocabulary Definitions (below) Vocabulary Scramble Sheets (below) Vocabulary Slap Game ( Flyswatter Game ) Directions: Project a Vocabulary Scramble sheet on a projection screen or Smart Board. Divide the class into two teams. Each team sends one person up to the screen.

More information

This activity explores the amazing Water

This activity explores the amazing Water 4.2 LESSON 1 What is the Water Cycle? At-Home Activity Objectives... Learn key vocabulary terms: Evaporation, Condensation, Precipitation, and Transpiration and be able to apply them. Materials Needed...

More information

How Ecosystems Work: Energy Flow and Nutrient Cycles. Multiple Choice Test

How Ecosystems Work: Energy Flow and Nutrient Cycles. Multiple Choice Test How Ecosystems Work: Energy Flow and Nutrient Cycles Multiple Choice Test 1. The flow of solar energy through an ecosystem is marked by a) plants converting light energy to chemical energy via photosynthesis

More information

Ecosystems: The Role of Abiotic Factors from the series Biology: The Science of Life

Ecosystems: The Role of Abiotic Factors from the series Biology: The Science of Life Ecosystems: The Role of Abiotic Factors from the series Biology: The Science of Life Teacher's Guide by Joseph Sitko, Ph.D. Distributed by... 800.323.9084 FAX 847.328.6706 www.unitedlearning.com This video

More information

GLOBAL CIRCULATION OF WATER

GLOBAL CIRCULATION OF WATER Global Circulation of Water MODULE - 8A 27 GLOBAL CIRCULATION OF WATER More than three-fourths of the earth s surface is covered by water. Water is an odorless, tasteless, substance than can naturally

More information

Humidity, Condensation, Clouds, and Fog. Water in the Atmosphere

Humidity, Condensation, Clouds, and Fog. Water in the Atmosphere Humidity, Condensation, Clouds, and Fog or Water in the Atmosphere The Hydrologic Cycle Where the Water Exists on Earth Evaporation From the Oceans and Land The Source of Water Vapor for the Atmosphere

More information

Energy from the Sun. Objectives: Materials:

Energy from the Sun. Objectives: Materials: AK Target grades: 3-5 AK GLEs: Reading [3] 1.4.1 [4/5] 2.4.1 [3] 1.6.1 [3] 1.6.2 [4/5] 2.6.2 Set up time: 15 minutes Class time: About one class session Overview: The teacher will provide a basic summary

More information

Water Recycles poster

Water Recycles poster Water Recycles poster The "Water ReCycles" poster is designed for students of all ages. It shows the natural water cycle and humans influence on water resources. Raincloud illustration The raincloud in

More information

Temperature affects water in the air.

Temperature affects water in the air. KEY CONCEPT Most clouds form as air rises and cools. BEFORE, you learned Water vapor circulates from Earth to the atmosphere Warm air is less dense than cool air and tends to rise NOW, you will learn How

More information

Respiration By Cindy Grigg

Respiration By Cindy Grigg By Cindy Grigg 1 Did you know there are two kinds of respiration? One kind of respiration is when we breathe air in and out of our lungs. The other kind happens in both plant and animal cells, including

More information

Use this diagram of a food web to answer questions 1 through 5.

Use this diagram of a food web to answer questions 1 through 5. North arolina Testing Program EO iology Sample Items Goal 4 Use this diagram of a food web to answer questions 1 through 5. coyotes 3. If these organisms were arranged in a food pyramid, which organism

More information

Earth Science: Sphere Interactions

Earth Science: Sphere Interactions Earth Science: Sphere Interactions Objective: Understanding connections between spheres of the Earth as a Global system Standards: 5a, 5b, 5c, and 5f Earth Apollo 17 astronauts captured a snapshot of the

More information

Photosynthesis, Cycling of Matter Through an Ecosystem

Photosynthesis, Cycling of Matter Through an Ecosystem Science 1. Cameron grew a snow pea plant from a seed at school. He brought the plant home in the hopes of getting some pea pods to eat. He forgot to water it for a whole week and the plant died. Based

More information

Minnesota Comprehensive Assessments-Series III

Minnesota Comprehensive Assessments-Series III Not for student use. Minnesota Comprehensive Assessments-Series III Science Item Sampler Script Grade 8 S ARE NOT SECURE TEST MATERIALS. THIS ITEM SAMPLER SCRIPT MAY BE COPIED OR DUPLICATED. MINNESOTA

More information

7. Use the dead tree in Fig 3-10 to describe the processes of detritus feeders and decomposers.

7. Use the dead tree in Fig 3-10 to describe the processes of detritus feeders and decomposers. APES Miller 17th ed. Chapter 3 Questions 5. Describe the 2 chemical equations used by autotrophs and heterotrophs to gain energy for chemical functions. Compare/contrast respiration to fossil fuel combustion

More information

Carbon and Nitrogen Cycles Interdependence within Environmental Systems. Carbon the Element

Carbon and Nitrogen Cycles Interdependence within Environmental Systems. Carbon the Element Carbon the Element The element carbon is one of the most essential elements on our planet. All living organisms contain carbon, making it a critical component of all life on planet earth. In fact, the

More information

The Water Cycle Now You See It, Now You Don t

The Water Cycle Now You See It, Now You Don t The Water Cycle Now You See It, Now You Don t Unit: Salinity Patterns & the Water Cycle l Grade Level: Elementary l Time Required: Introduction - 30 min. - Activity as groups 45min Wrap Up 20 min l Content

More information

National 5. Unit 3. Life on earth. Ink exercise 1. Biodiversity and the distribution of life.

National 5. Unit 3. Life on earth. Ink exercise 1. Biodiversity and the distribution of life. National 5 Unit 3 Life on earth Ink exercise 1 Biodiversity and the distribution of life. Once completed and marked- Think about and list below the areas I need to work on: Multiple choice Tick one answer

More information

Precipitation forms from water droplets or ice crystals.

Precipitation forms from water droplets or ice crystals. KEY CONCEPT Water falls to Earth s surface as precipitation. BEFORE, you learned Water moves between Earth's surface and the atmosphere Water vapor condenses into clouds NOW, you will learn How precipitation

More information

PHOTOSYNTHESIS. reflect. what do you think?

PHOTOSYNTHESIS. reflect. what do you think? reflect Suppose you place a plant on a sunny windowsill and water it regularly. At the same time you place a similar plant in a dark closet and keep it watered, too. The only difference between the two

More information

ATM S 111: Global Warming Greenhouse Gases. Jennifer Fletcher Day 4: June

ATM S 111: Global Warming Greenhouse Gases. Jennifer Fletcher Day 4: June ATM S 111: Global Warming Greenhouse Gases Jennifer Fletcher Day 4: June 24 2010 What are the Major Greenhouse Gases? Our atmosphere is mostly nitrogen (N 2, 78%), oxygen (O 2, 21%), and argon (Ar, 0.9%)

More information

Ecosystems. The two main ecosystem processes: Energy flow and Chemical cycling

Ecosystems. The two main ecosystem processes: Energy flow and Chemical cycling Ecosystems THE REALM OF ECOLOGY Biosphere An island ecosystem A desert spring ecosystem Biosphere Ecosystem Ecology: Interactions between the species in a given habitat and their physical environment.

More information

Humidity Activity Background

Humidity Activity Background Humidity Activity Background Water is the common name for a chemical that has two atoms of hydrogen (H) for each atom of oxygen (O). The chemical formula for water, then, is H 2 O. Water has some special

More information

Unit 3 Lesson 5: Acid Rain Ruin

Unit 3 Lesson 5: Acid Rain Ruin Focus Areas: Biodiversity; Science Focus Skills: Observation, experimentation, critical thinking Level of Involvement: AVERAGE Dedicated to Reducing Pesticides H I P P O = Pollution Objectives * To identify

More information

KINDERGARTEN WATER 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES

KINDERGARTEN WATER 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES KINDERGARTEN WATER 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES WATER CYCLE OVERVIEW OF KINDERGARTEN WEEK 1. PRE: Defining the states of matter. LAB: Discovering the properties of water. POST: Analyzing the water

More information

Teacher's Notes Solid, Liquid, Gas! The Water Cycle

Teacher's Notes Solid, Liquid, Gas! The Water Cycle Teacher's Notes Solid, Liquid, Gas! The Water Cycle Almost 75% of the earth is covered in water. Every molecule of water that was present when the earth was formed is still present today. Just think, the

More information

Water Cycle Unit Test

Water Cycle Unit Test Name: Multiple Choice (2 pts each): 1. What is the source of energy for all parts of the water cycle? A. Wind B. The Ocean C. Soil D. The Sun 2. Which of the following processes would result in water pollution?

More information

reflect look out! organisms: living things

reflect look out! organisms: living things reflect Imagine that a student in your school fell down and is having difficulty breathing. Sirens wail as an ambulance pulls into the school parking lot. The emergency workers rush over to help the student.

More information

The Carbon Cycle: Teacher Led Lesson Plan

The Carbon Cycle: Teacher Led Lesson Plan : Teacher Led Lesson Plan Subject/Strand/Topic: Science Sustainability of Ecosystems Carbon Cycle Grade(s) / Course(s): 10 / SNC 2D/2P Ontario Expectations: BY1.01D/P Key Concepts: carbon cycle, sources,

More information

CCR Biology - Chapter 13 Practice Test - Summer 2012

CCR Biology - Chapter 13 Practice Test - Summer 2012 Name: Class: Date: CCR Biology - Chapter 13 Practice Test - Summer 2012 Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. A group of organisms of the same

More information

Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. Test 2 f14 Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Carbon cycles through the Earth system. During photosynthesis, carbon is a. released from wood

More information

UNIT 6a TEST REVIEW. 1. A weather instrument is shown below.

UNIT 6a TEST REVIEW. 1. A weather instrument is shown below. UNIT 6a TEST REVIEW 1. A weather instrument is shown below. Which weather variable is measured by this instrument? 1) wind speed 3) cloud cover 2) precipitation 4) air pressure 2. Which weather station

More information

5.1 Ecosystems, Energy, and Nutrients

5.1 Ecosystems, Energy, and Nutrients CHAPTER 5 ECOSYSTEMS 5.1 Ecosystems, Energy, and Nutrients Did anyone ever ask you the question: Where do you get your energy? Energy enters our world from the Sun but how does the Sun s energy become

More information

Oikos: House and Ology: to Study Scientific discipline in which the relationships among living organisms and the interaction the organisms have with

Oikos: House and Ology: to Study Scientific discipline in which the relationships among living organisms and the interaction the organisms have with Oikos: House and Ology: to Study Scientific discipline in which the relationships among living organisms and the interaction the organisms have with their environments are studied. An Ecologist is someone

More information

Experiments for Families

Experiments for Families ACIDS EATING MY NOSE! Acid rain is more acidic than normal rain and forms through a complex process of chemical reactions involving air pollution. The two most important pollutants that contribute to acid

More information

FOURTH GRADE WATER 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES

FOURTH GRADE WATER 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES FOURTH GRADE WATER 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES WATER CYCLE OVERVIEW OF FOURTH GRADE WATER WEEK 1. PRE: Comparing different reservoirs of water. LAB: Experimenting with surface tension and capillary

More information

Grade 4 Standard 1 Unit Test Water Cycle. Multiple Choice. 1. Where is most water found on Earth? A. in glaciers B. in lakes C. in rivers D.

Grade 4 Standard 1 Unit Test Water Cycle. Multiple Choice. 1. Where is most water found on Earth? A. in glaciers B. in lakes C. in rivers D. Grade 4 Standard 1 Unit Test Water Cycle Multiple Choice 1. Where is most water found on Earth? A. in glaciers B. in lakes C. in rivers D. in oceans 2. What source of energy evaporates the most water from

More information

5 th Grade Science Vocabulary Words

5 th Grade Science Vocabulary Words 5 th Grade Science Vocabulary Words abiotic factor A nonliving part of an ecosystem. acceleration Change in velocity with respect to time. action The force one object applies to a second, as in Newton

More information

Water Cycle Bracelets Lesson Plan

Water Cycle Bracelets Lesson Plan Water Cycle Bracelets Lesson Plan Target age: 8 through 12 (may be adjusted f other ages) Objective: To learn about the water cycle and its components To learn that water is a precious resource shared

More information

GETTING TO THE CORE: THE LINK BETWEEN TEMPERATURE AND CARBON DIOXIDE

GETTING TO THE CORE: THE LINK BETWEEN TEMPERATURE AND CARBON DIOXIDE DESCRIPTION This lesson plan gives students first-hand experience in analyzing the link between atmospheric temperatures and carbon dioxide ( ) s by looking at ice core data spanning hundreds of thousands

More information

Science Grade 02 Unit 07 Exemplar Lesson 02: Connecting the Water Cycle to Weather

Science Grade 02 Unit 07 Exemplar Lesson 02: Connecting the Water Cycle to Weather Unit: 07 Lesson: 02 Suggested Duration: 4 days Grade 02 Unit 07 Exemplar Lesson 02: Connecting the Water Cycle to Weather This lesson is one approach to teaching the State Standards associated with this

More information

Interactions Between the Atmosphere & Hydrosphere. Weather & Climate

Interactions Between the Atmosphere & Hydrosphere. Weather & Climate Interactions Between the Atmosphere & Hydrosphere Weather & Climate ~occur every 3-7 years ~can last weeks or years! ~cooler/wetter conditions in SE US ~dry weather in southern Africa, Southeast Asia,

More information

Chapter 2 Student Reading

Chapter 2 Student Reading Chapter 2 Student Reading Atoms and molecules are in motion We warm things up and cool things down all the time, but we usually don t think much about what s really happening. If you put a room-temperature

More information

California s Hydrologic Cycle

California s Hydrologic Cycle Overview In this activity, students will be introduced to the hydrologic cycle, how water collects and gets used in California, and how scientists measure the water cycle. Objectives By the end of this

More information

Chapter 3: Water and Life

Chapter 3: Water and Life Name Period Chapter 3: Water and Life Concept 3.1 Polar covalent bonds in water result in hydrogen bonding 1. Study the water molecules at the right. On the central molecule, label oxygen (O) and hydrogen

More information

7613-1 - Page 1. Weather Unit Exam Pre-Test Questions

7613-1 - Page 1. Weather Unit Exam Pre-Test Questions Weather Unit Exam Pre-Test Questions 7613-1 - Page 1 Name: 1) Equal quantities of water are placed in four uncovered containers with different shapes and left on a table at room temperature. From which

More information

LESSON 1: WHAT WE KNOW ABOUT WATER

LESSON 1: WHAT WE KNOW ABOUT WATER LESSON 1: WHAT WE KNOW ABOUT WATER Estimated Time for Lesson 1 hour, 45 minutes State Standards Standards Taught S6C3PO1: Identify the sources of water within an environment (i.e., groundwater, surface

More information

Chapter 2 The hydrological cycle

Chapter 2 The hydrological cycle Chapter 2 The hydrological cycle The hydrologic cycle is a conceptual model that describes the storage and movement of water between the biosphere, atmosphere, lithosphere, and the hydrosphere (see Figure

More information

6 th Grade Science Assessment: Weather & Water Select the best answer on the answer sheet. Please do not make any marks on this test.

6 th Grade Science Assessment: Weather & Water Select the best answer on the answer sheet. Please do not make any marks on this test. Select the be answer on the answer sheet. Please do not make any marks on this te. 1. Weather is be defined as the A. changes that occur in cloud formations from day to day. B. amount of rain or snow that

More information

Introduction to the Carbon Cycle

Introduction to the Carbon Cycle Introduction to the Carbon Cycle Levels V-VI Overview: Students will learn about the carbon cycle and how carbon dioxide enters the atmosphere. (Note: In this lesson students are introduced to the carbon

More information

Mixtures. reflect. How is seawater different from pure water? How is it different from rocky soil?

Mixtures. reflect. How is seawater different from pure water? How is it different from rocky soil? reflect Everything around us is made out of tiny bits of matter. These particles may combine in different ways to produce new materials. Sometimes we need to separate the parts of a material. If we know

More information

Water Cycle. DELTA SCIENCE READER Overview... 123 Before Reading... 124 Guide the Reading... 125 After Reading... 130

Water Cycle. DELTA SCIENCE READER Overview... 123 Before Reading... 124 Guide the Reading... 125 After Reading... 130 Water Cycle T ABLE OF CONTENTS ABOUT DELTA SCIENCE MODULES Program Introduction................... iii Teacher s Guide..................... iv Delta Science Readers............... vi Equipment and Materials

More information

1/2/3. Finding out about the Water Cycle

1/2/3. Finding out about the Water Cycle The Water Cycle 1/2/3. Finding out about the Water Cycle Aims: To enable pupils to learn and understand what happens at each stage of the Water Cycle To introduce specific vocabulary related to the Water

More information

3.3 Phase Changes Charactaristics of Phase Changes phase change

3.3 Phase Changes Charactaristics of Phase Changes phase change When at least two states of the same substance are present, scientists describe each different state as a phase. A phase change is the reversible physical change that occurs when a substance changes from

More information

NEIGHBORHOOD WATER QUALITY

NEIGHBORHOOD WATER QUALITY 1 NEIGHBORHOOD WATER QUALITY Lesson 1: Aquatic Ecosystems Keywords: ecosystem, ecology, watershed, surface water, hydrologic cycle, evaporation, transpiration, precipitation, surface runoff, percolation,

More information

Amazon Water Cycle Role-play

Amazon Water Cycle Role-play GRADE LEVEL SUBJECTS DURATION SETTING 4th - 8th Life Sciences; Earth and Space Sciences Prep time: 15 minutes; Activity time: 45 minutes Large open space MATERIALS OBJECTIVES Students will be able to:

More information

THE CARBON CYCLE 8 th -12 th grades. Grade and Subject: Number of Days for Completion of the Project: Overarching Project Goals/Outcomes: 0.

THE CARBON CYCLE 8 th -12 th grades. Grade and Subject: Number of Days for Completion of the Project: Overarching Project Goals/Outcomes: 0. Title: Grade and Subject: Number of Days for Completion of the Project: Overarching Project Goals/Outcomes: THE CARBON CYCLE 8 th -12 th grades 0.5 Getting background knowledge for a scientific investigation.

More information

Bay Area Scientists in Schools Presentation Plan

Bay Area Scientists in Schools Presentation Plan Bay Area Scientists in Schools Presentation Plan Lesson Name Presenter(s) Clouds Everywhere Kristi Closser and Tara Yacovitch Grade Level 5 th Standards Connection(s) Earth science (cloud formation, air

More information

Miami-Dade County Public Schools Curriculum and Instruction (Science)

Miami-Dade County Public Schools Curriculum and Instruction (Science) Miami-Dade County Public Schools Curriculum and Instruction (Science) Required GRADE 5 ESSENTIAL SCIENCE Laboratory Activities QUARTER 2 LABORATORIES LAB # 8: AROUND AND AROUND IT GOES! Grade 5 Essential

More information

PRECIPITATION AND EVAPORATION

PRECIPITATION AND EVAPORATION PRECIPITATION AND EVAPORATION OBJECTIVES Use historical data to analyze relationships between precipitation, evaporation and stream flow in the San Antonio River Basin TOPICS Water cycle Precipitation

More information

Instructions. Start Unit

Instructions. Start Unit Instructions 1. You must enable Macro to view this presentation; 2. For tasks, type your answers in the text boxes provided and click check answer button; 3. Press X button top right or ESC button on keyboard

More information

13.1. Principles of Ecology CHAPTER 13. Ecology is the study of the relationships among organisms and their environment.

13.1. Principles of Ecology CHAPTER 13. Ecology is the study of the relationships among organisms and their environment. SECTION 13.1 KEY CONCEPT ECOLOGISTS STUDY RELATIONSHIPS Study Guide Ecology is the study of the relationships among organisms and their environment. VOCABULARY ecology community MAIN IDEA: Ecologists study

More information

Traveling on the Water Cycle

Traveling on the Water Cycle Traveling on the Water Cycle 40- to 1-2 50-minute sessions ACTIVITY OVERVIEW 62 M OD E L I N G Students simulate traveling with water molecules through the water cycle, beginning in their own town. After

More information

Energy Pathways in Earth s Atmosphere

Energy Pathways in Earth s Atmosphere BRSP - 10 Page 1 Solar radiation reaching Earth s atmosphere includes a wide spectrum of wavelengths. In addition to visible light there is radiation of higher energy and shorter wavelength called ultraviolet

More information

Natural Resources. Air and Water Resources

Natural Resources. Air and Water Resources Natural Resources Key Concepts Why is it important to manage air and water resources wisely? How can individuals help manage air and water resources wisely? Air and Water Resources What do you think? Read

More information

It is a pleasure to welcome you to the 2015 Montessori Model United Nations Conference. Montessori Model United Nations. All rights reserved.

It is a pleasure to welcome you to the 2015 Montessori Model United Nations Conference. Montessori Model United Nations. All rights reserved. Dear Delegates, It is a pleasure to welcome you to the 2015 Montessori Model United Nations Conference. The following pages intend to guide you in the research of the topics that will be debated at MMUN

More information

Ecology Module B, Anchor 4

Ecology Module B, Anchor 4 Ecology Module B, Anchor 4 Key Concepts: - The biological influences on organisms are called biotic factors. The physical components of an ecosystem are called abiotic factors. - Primary producers are

More information

Bio EOC Topics for Ecology, Evolution and Natural Selection:

Bio EOC Topics for Ecology, Evolution and Natural Selection: Bio EOC Topics for Ecology, Evolution and Natural Selection: UEvolutionU Difference between macroevolution and microevolution Sexual reproduction and natural selection are mechanisms of microevolution

More information

A Teaching Unit for Years 3 6 children

A Teaching Unit for Years 3 6 children A Teaching Unit for Years 3 6 children 1 SEREAD and ARGO: Concept Overview for Years 3-6 Teaching Programme This is the overview for the first part of the SEREAD programme link with ARGO. The overview

More information

The animals at higher levels are more competitive, so fewer animals survive. B.

The animals at higher levels are more competitive, so fewer animals survive. B. Energy Flow in Ecosystems 1. The diagram below shows an energy pyramid. Which of the following best explains why the number of organisms at each level decreases while moving up the energy pyramid? The

More information

THIRD GRADE WEATHER 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES

THIRD GRADE WEATHER 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES THIRD GRADE WEATHER 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES WATER CYCLE OVERVIEW OF THIRD GRADE WATER WEEK 1. PRE: Comparing the different components of the water cycle. LAB: Contrasting water with hydrogen

More information

Water on the Move in the Great Salt Lake Basin

Water on the Move in the Great Salt Lake Basin Bruce Jessop, Fred Marcin Fall, 2004 Water on the Move in the Great Salt Lake Basin Abstract: This lesson explores the water cycle as it relates to the Great Salt Lake basin in Utah. Students will have

More information

Effects of Water Classroom Activity

Effects of Water Classroom Activity Effects of Water Classroom Activity The Classroom Activity introduces students to the context of a performance task, so they are not disadvantaged in demonstrating the skills the task intends to assess.

More information

Lesson 5. Introduction Water We Talking About? Learning Outcomes & Assessment. Time. Resources. Activities. Handouts. Video.

Lesson 5. Introduction Water We Talking About? Learning Outcomes & Assessment. Time. Resources. Activities. Handouts. Video. Lesson 5 Introduction Water We Talking About? Learning Outcomes & Assessment Time Resources Activities Handouts Video every dr p counts 71 Lesson 5c: Water Actions: Evaporation, Condensation and Precipitation

More information

Ecosystem Ecology. Community interacts with abiotic factors. Objectives

Ecosystem Ecology. Community interacts with abiotic factors. Objectives Ecosystem Ecology Community interacts with abiotic factors Objectives Compare the processes of energy flow and chemical cycling as they relate to ecosystem dynamics. Define and list examples of producers,

More information

Bay Area Scientists in Schools Presentation Plan

Bay Area Scientists in Schools Presentation Plan Bay Area Scientists in Schools Presentation Plan Lesson Name: Water in Our Atmosphere: Make it Rain! Grade Level: 5 Presenters: Kaitlin Duffey, Ben Nault, and Megan Vieira Standards Connections Earth Science:

More information