Political Science 12: IR -- Fifth Lecture, Part 1

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1 Political Science 12: IR -- Fifth Lecture, Part 1

2 5 and International Institutions War

3 International Institutions and War 1. International Institutions and Security Cooperation 2. Alliances 3. Collective Security

4 International Institutions and War 1. International Institutions and Security Cooperation 2. Alliances 3. Collective Security

5 International Institutions and Security Cooperation 1. Cooperation in anarchy 2. Despite anarchy, cooperation is plentiful

6 International Institutions and Security Cooperation Sources of order in international relations 1. Alliances 2. Collective security

7 International Institutions and War 1. International Institutions and Security Cooperation 2. Alliances Collective Security

8 Alliances States commit to security cooperation Types of alliances

9 Alliances

10 Alliances Alliances are costly

11 Alliances Why form alliances?

12 Alliances Alliances and the balance of power

13 Alliances Figure 5.1: An Alignment of Interests

14 Alliances European alliances

15 Alliances Alliances in the 1920s and 30s did not prevent World War II.

16 Alliances

17 Alliances Figure 5.2: Alignments, Alliances, and Interstate Bargaining

18 Alliances State A State B The object of contention (the green line) can be anything over which states are in conflict.

19 Alliances Status quos that A will defend Status quos that B will defend A (B s ideal point) Pre-alliance bargaining range B (A s ideal point)

20 Alliances: C Allies with B Status quos that A will defend Status quos that B will defend A (B s ideal point) (C s ideal point) Pre-alliance bargaining range B (A s ideal point)

21 Alliances: C Allies with B Status quos that A will challenge Status quos that B will challenge A (B s ideal point) (C s ideal point) New bargaining range B (A s ideal point)

22 Alliances

23 Alliances Map 5.1: NATO Expansion,

24 International Institutions and War 1. International Institutions and Security Cooperation 2. Alliances 3. Collective Security

25 Collective Security A public good

26 Collective Security Likely to be undersupplied

27 Collective Security

28 Collective Security

29 Collective Security Institutional Structure Power on the Security Council Types of Enforcement Peacekeeping Success Stories Complications

30 Collective Security Institutional Structure Power on the Security Council Types of Enforcement Peacekeeping Success Stories Complications

31 Collective Security Institutional Structure Power on the Security Council Types of Enforcement Peacekeeping Success Stories Complications

32 Collective Security Institutional Structure Power on the Security Council Types of Enforcement Peacekeeping Success Stories Complications

33 Collective Security Institutional Structure Power on the Security Council Types of Enforcement Peacekeeping Success Stories Complications

34 Collective Security

35 Collective Security

36 Collective Security Institutional Structure Power on the Security Council Types of Enforcement Peacekeeping Success Stories Complications

37 Collective Security Institutional Structure Power on the Security Council Types of Enforcement Peacekeeping Success Stories Complications

38 Collective Security Expanded role in the post Cold War era

39 Collective Security

40 Collective Security Table 5.1: Top Contributors to UN Peacekeeping Operations, January 2012

41 Collective Security Table 5.2: The United Nations during and after the Cold War

42 Collective Security Figure 5.3: Allied Troop Contributions to the Persian Gulf War,

43 Collective Security Map 5.2: UN Peacekeeping Operations Active in 2012

44 Collective Security Map 5.2: UN Peacekeeping Operations Active in 2012

45 Collective Security Map 5.3: Ethnic Divisions in the Former Yugoslavia

46 Collective Security

47 Collective Security Figure 5.A: Total Size of UN Peacekeeping Forces,

48 Collective Security Institutions such as NATO can be a source of peace through credible deterrence. The UN is most successful when strong states agree, and when at least one strong state takes an interest in the conflict and is willing to pay costs.

49 Political Science 12: International Relations

50 Political Science 12: International Relations

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