Name: Cold War Mr. Baffuto/Mr. LaMar DO NOW Questions

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1 Name: Cold War Mr. Baffuto/Mr. LaMar DO NOW Questions 1. Korea Divided at 38th Parallel Hungarian Revolution Crushed Missile Sites Spotted in Cuba The events in these headlines contributed to the 1) development of peacetime alliances 2) collapse of the Soviet Union 3) rejection of imperialism by Western nations 4) tensions between the superpowers 2. United States Airlifts Supplies to Berlin U-2 Spy Plane Shot Down Over the Soviet Union Soviet Missiles Placed in Cuba These headlines discuss events during 1) Stalin s Reign of Terror 3) the Cold War 2) World War II 4) the post Cold War era 3. After World War II, Soviet domination of Eastern Europe was most directly the result of the 1) victory of Germany over the Allies 2) growth of democratic movements 3) peace agreements supported by the United Nations 4) Soviet military occupation of the region 4. Which United States foreign policy was used to maintain the independence of Greece and Turkey after World War II? 1) containment 3) nonalignment 2) neutrality 4) militarism 5. The Truman Doctrine, Korean War, crisis in Guatemala, and Soviet invasion of Afghanistan were all 1) reasons for the Industrial Revolution 2) examples of Japanese imperialism 3) events of the Cold War 4) causes of World War II 6. The purpose of the Marshall Plan was to 1) restore Japanese economic development 2) provide military aid to Middle Eastern allies 3) assure nationalist success in the Chinese civil war 4) provide for economic recovery in Western Europe 7. Which statement about the worldwide Depression of the 1930s is a fact rather than an opinion? 1) Political leaders should have prevented the Depression. 2) Germany was hurt more by the Treaty of Versailles than by the Depression. 3) The economic upheaval of the Depression had major political effects. 4) World War I was the only reason for the Depression. 8. What was a major reason for the formation of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) in 1949? 1) to control European trade 2) to resist Soviet aggression 3) to support the blockade of Berlin 4) to strengthen communist governments 9. After World War II, the Soviet Union established satellites in Eastern Europe primarily to 1) promote constitutional democracy 2) expand its own political power 3) prevent the rise of new socialist regimes 4) persuade Western Europe to abandon military alliances 10. Creation of NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) and the Warsaw Pact Construction of the Berlin Wall Cuban missile crisis These events are most closely associated with 1) World War I 3) the Cold War 2) World War II 4) the Persian Gulf War 11. The formation of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), the division of Germany into East Germany and West Germany, and the Korean War were immediate reactions to 1) Japanese military aggression in the 1930s 2) the rise of German nationalism after World War I 3) ethnic conflict and civil war in Africa in the 1950s 4) Communist expansion after World War II 12. Which headline concerning the Soviet Union refers to a Cold War event? 1) "Yeltsin Assumes Power" 2) "Trotsky Forms Red Army" 3) "Germany Invades USSR" 4) "Warsaw Pact Formed" 13. The events that took place in Hungary in the 1950's and in Czechoslovakia in the 1960's demonstrated the Soviet Union's 1) support of nationalism among satellite nations 2) influence on the economies of developing nations 3) determination to maintain political control over Eastern Europe at that time 4) attempts to promote its artistic and literary achievements in Western Europe 14. Berlin airlift Cuban missile crisis Nuclear arms race These events were part of an era known as the 1) Age of Imperialism 3) Enlightenment 2) Scientific Revolution 4) Cold War

2 15. Base your answer to the following question on the map below and on your knowledge of social studies. Which conclusion about the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) can be drawn from this 2002 map? 1) NATO considered admitting more former Soviet satellites. 3) NATO does not admit new members. 2) NATO had fewer members than the Warsaw Pact. 4) NATO has included many Asian members. 16. The 1956 invasion of Hungary and the 1968 invasion of Czechoslovakia by the Soviet Union were attempts to 1) keep Communist governments in power in Eastern Europe 2) decrease Cold War tensions between Eastern Europe and the United States 3) prevent German militarism from spreading throughout Europe 4) provide humanitarian aid to the ethnic minorities of these nations 17. Which is generally a characteristic of a Communist economy? 1) Investment is encouraged by the promise of large profits. 2) The role of government in the economy is restricted by law. 3) Government agencies are involved in production planning. 4) Entrepreneurs sell shares in their companies to the government. 18. Which heading best completes the partial outline below? 1) Emerging Nations of the World 2) Results of the Cold War 3) Economic Benefits of World War II 4) Ethnic Conflicts in the World

3 19. Base your answer to the following question on the map below and on your knowledge of social studies. Which time period is represented in this map of Europe? 1) before the Congress of Vienna 3) between World War I and World War II 2) during the Age of Imperialism 4) during the Cold War 20. Blockade of Berlin Operation of the Berlin Airlift Organization of the Warsaw Pact Construction of the Berlin Wall These events of the Cold War are examples of 1) efforts to prevent military conflict between the superpowers 2) situations that increased tensions between communist and democratic nations in Europe 3) attempts to weaken the Soviet Unions control of its Eastern European allies 4) policies of peaceful coexistence and détente 21. "A group of planners makes all economic decisions. The group assigns natural, human, and capital resources to the production of those goods and services it wants. The group decides how to produce them and to whom to distribute them." This description best applies to the 1) manorial economy of feudal Europe 2) mercantile economy of 18th-century Europe 3) command economy of the Soviet Union 4) market economy of the United States

4 22. Base your answer to the following question on the map below and on your knowledge of social studies. Both alliances shown on the map were formed after World War II primarily to 1) increase military defense 3) compete in the global economy 2) promote democracy in Europe 4) expand trade between the members 23. Base your answer to question time line below. All the events on the time line show actions taken during the 1) policy of appeasement 2) decline of nationalism 3) Cold War 4) Green Revolution 24. Which statement best describes how a command economy functioned in the Soviet Union? 1) The laws of supply and demand controlled the economy. 2) Trade policies mandated that imports exceed exports. 3) The success of the agricultural sector controlled the price of manufactured goods. 4) A central authority determined the type and quantity of goods to be produced. 25. Mikhail Gorbachev s reforms of perestroika and glasnost resulted in 1) an era of world peace and Soviet prosperity 2) conditions that helped lead to the breakup of the Soviet Union 3) a successful transition to a command economy in Russia 4) censorship of the news media in Russia

5 26. Base your answer on the cartoon below and on your knowledge of social studies. Which statement best describes the main idea of this 1989 cartoon? 1) Agricultural development depends on the progress of the nuclear arms race. 2) World peace cannot be assured by limiting the nuclear capabilities of only the United States and the Soviet Union. 3) Permanent world peace has come with agreements between the United States and the Soviet Union to reduce nuclear arms. 4) Most nations are eliminating their nuclear weapons programs. 27. Which heading is the most appropriate for the partial outline below? The Communist party of the Soviet Union has been and remains a natural and inalienable part of social forces. Their cooperation will make it possible to attain the ultimate goal of Perestroika: to renew our society within the framework of the socialist choice, along the lines of advance to a humane democratic socialism.... Which leader would most likely have made this statement? 1) Kwame Nkrumah 3) Benito Mussolini 2) Mohandas Gandhi 4) Mikhail Gorbachev 1) Utopian socialism 3) Laissez-faire capitalism 2) Market economy 4) Command economy 28. In the 1980s, Mikhail Gorbachev s attempts to change the Soviet Union resulted in 1) an increase in tensions between India and the Soviet Union 2) a strengthening of the Communist Party 3) a shift from producing consumer goods to producing heavy machinery 4) a series of economic and political reforms 30. During the 1980s in the Soviet Union, a major element of the economic policy of perestroika was 1) increased collectivization of farms 2) more reliance on local and regional decision-making 3) the expanded use of national five-year plans 4) an emphasis on the redistribution of wealth 31. During the 1980s, the Soviet Union experimented with modifications of its command economy by 1) eliminating central planning 2) allowing private ownership of major industries 3) introducing some market economy strategies 4) legalizing independent trade unions

6 32. In the Soviet Union, Lenin's New Economic Policy (NEP) and Gorbachev's policy of perestroika were similar in that each 1) included some practices of capitalism 2) rejected central government involvement in the economy 3) established a series of Five-Year Plans for economic growth 4) linked economic growth to military strength 33. During the late 1980s in the Soviet Union, the policy of perestroika was an attempt to solve economic problems by 1) introducing elements of capitalism into the Soviet economy 2) limiting imports into the Soviet Union 3) relying more heavily on central planning of the Soviet economy 4) cutting back the amount of credit given to small businesses Cold War 34. The destruction of the Berlin Wall and the reunification of Germany in 1990 are events that symbolize the 1) end of the Cold War Era 2) end of democracy in Germany 3) fall of Nazi power in Germany 4) increased influence of the Warsaw Pact 35. The end of the Cold War is best symbolized by the 1) establishment of the Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan 2) formation of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and the European Common Market 3) withdrawal of United Nations forces from Somalia and from Kuwait 4) destruction of the Berlin Wall and the reunification of Germany

7 Answer Key Chapter 32 DO NOW [Apr 09, 2010]

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