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1 Copyright 2014 Edmentum - All rights reserved. World History Turmoil between the World Wars Blizzard Bag Referring to the maps above, which of the following statements best describes the result of World War I? A. The Old World powers of Central Europe were weakened or destroyed. B. The Central Powers negotiated a surrender that left them strong economically. C. The Allies (Triple Entente) emerged from World War I politically stronger. D. World War I was a decisive victory that resulted in a peaceful Europe. 2. World War I negatively affected many European states. The German, Austro-Hungarian, and Russian empires disintegrated, and France and Britain were weakened both at home and in their colonies. Following the war, the whole of Europe was in disarray, and the social and political upheaval set the stage for World War II, just 20 years later. Referring to the map above, which of the following statements is true regarding the aftermath of World War I in Europe? A. Sweden, which had been neutral during the war, became more involved in European politics. B. Germany, though weakened, still controlled much of the land it had before World War I. C. The Austria-Hungarian Empire remained intact as a loose confederation of smaller states. D. France expanded its influence into Eastern Europe, helping to stabilize the region.

2 3. Russia was one of the original members of the Triple Entente, an alliance that later became the Allied Powers during World War I. After the outbreak of the war, Russian citizens felt that their involvement in war was draining the country's economic resources and causing inflation. In 1916 and 1917, people were becoming increasingly unhappy with Nicholas II's leadership regarding Russia's involvement in the war. In March of 1917, Nicholas II was forced to abdicate and a socialist group known as the Bolsheviks eventually came to power. One of the first actions of the Bolshevik government was to negotiate Russia's withdrawal from World War I. According to the map and passage above, which of the following best explains Russia in the aftermath of World War I? A. Russia gave up a large amount of land after signing a treaty with Germany. B. Russia gained a large amount of territory after signing the Treaty of Versailles. C. The Bolsheviks turned their attention to the east and a conflict with China. D. The Bolsheviks agreed to split Eastern Europe between Russia and Germany. 4. In 1917, Czar Nicholas II abdicated his throne after hundreds of thousands of Russians protested in Petrograd, Russia's capital. What was one of the major reasons many Russians were so displeased with Czar Nicholas II? A. Russia's military was becoming too strong and was oppressing citizens. B. Russians wanted Nicholas II to take over all of Europe. C. Russians felt Nicholas II had given up too much power to the parliament. D. Russia's involvement in World War I was draining the country's resources.

3 5. The chart above describes events in which country? A. Germany B. Russia C. Italy D. Japan 6. The House of Habsburg was a royal dynasty that controlled a large portion of territory in Central and Southern Europe. The fall of the empire associated with their house after World War I led to the creation of which countries? A. Lithuania and Latvia B. France and Poland C. Turkey and Bulgaria D. Austria and Hungary

4 7. World War I was the first war to use many new technologies. Which of the following was true of the use of chemical warfare? A. Most countries did not have the technological capabilities to produce chemical weapons. B. Weapons such as poison gas were developed as a reaction to the stalemate that occurred throughout most of the war. C. The use of chemical weapons was very effective during the war, causing most of the casualties. D. Neither side utilized chemical weapons as these had been banned in 1907, prior to the beginning of the war. 8. Which of the following has been mentioned by historians as a cause of World War I? A. fighting between India and Pakistan B. nationalism in the Balkans C. an unprovoked attack on the U.S. D. militarism of African nations 9. We must call to account the November criminals of It cannot be that two million Germans should have fallen in vain and that afterwards one should sit down as friends at the same table with traitors. No, we do not pardon, we demand Vengeance! Adolf Hitler September 18, 1922 This quotation illustrates which belief that gave power to Nazism in Germany? A. belief that Germany had not really been defeated in World War I B. belief that a fascist government would eliminate organized crime C. belief that all races of the world deserved to have equal rights D. belief that democracy was unfair to the working classes of people

5 10. Francisco "Pancho" Villa and Emiliano Zapata were heavily involved in the Mexican Revolution because they were fighting for A. capture of the man responsible for Francisco I. Madero's death. B. the Mexican dictatorship to remain in power. C. wealthy land owners to keep their voice in government. D. the struggling lower class and for economic reforms. 11. During the Russian Revolution, the Bolsheviks took control of the Russian government. What was one of the results of the Bolsheviks' rise to power? A. A democratic form of government was established. B. Czar Nicholas II was reinstated as the ruler of Russia. C. Private ownership of property was no longer allowed. D. Citizens were given more political rights. 12. The Mexican Revolution began over civilians' disliking which Mexican leader? A. Francisco "Pancho" Villa B. Victoriano Huerta C. Francisco Madero D. Porfirio Díaz 13. What did Joseph Stalin hope to accomplish during the Great Purge of the 1930s? A. He wanted to defeat the Nazis in Germany. B. He wanted to get rid of all political opponents. C. He wanted to defend the Soviet Union from foreign invasions. D. He wanted to end hunger within the Soviet Union.

6 14. Vladimir Lenin was one of the leaders of the Bolshevik Revolution in After the revolution, he became the leader of Russia and transformed it into a communist state. Lenin's political beliefs were most influenced by which person? A. Adam Smith B. Karl Marx C. Thomas Paine D. John Locke 15. What effect did the Great Depression have on fascism, communism, and other similar movements in Europe and Asia? A. It weakened them because the movements were unable to stop the Depression from happening. B. It strengthened them because people felt a stronger government could improve the economy. C. It weakened them because it convinced people that democracy had control over the situation. D. It strengthened them because people were eager to fight new wars against enemy countries.

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