Chapter 4. Levels of Consciousness. Levels of Consciousness. What Is Consciousness? Can We Mentally Process Information Without Awareness?

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Chapter 4. Levels of Consciousness. Levels of Consciousness. What Is Consciousness? Can We Mentally Process Information Without Awareness?"

Transcription

1 What Is Consciousness? Chapter 4 Consciousness Psychological definition: Awareness of the outside world, and of one s mental processes, thoughts, feelings, and perceptions Levels of Consciousness Conscious: the level of consciousness that are accessible to awareness e.g., Necker Cube Nonconscious: The level of consciousness that are totally inaccessible to conscious awareness. e.g., mental process that control our biological functions Levels of Consciousness Preconscious: The level of consciousness that are not currently conscious but can become conscious at will. e.g., what I did last Christmas? Unconscious/Subconscious: mental activity that influences us in various ways but that occurs outside of awareness e.g., Freud unacceptable sexual and aggressive urges Can We Mentally Process Information Without Awareness? Research findings Word pairings with unconscious surgery patients Rule learning and use, without awareness, in research participants Blindsight It happens among the people whose primary visual cortex is damaged but visual pathways are intact. Priming Altered States of Consciousness Mental processing shows distinct changes unique to that state Waking consciousness viewed as the most common, or baseline, state A baseline against which altered states are compared 1

2 Altered States of Consciousness Three different types of altered states of consciousness created by a biological need : Sleep the chemistry of the brain and body : hypnosis and meditation psychoactive drugs Sleeping and Dreaming Stages of Sleep Non-REM (Rapid Eye Movement) sleep: Deep breathing Slow heartbeat Low blood pressure REM sleep Eyes move rapidly EEG resembles that of an awake, alert person Your physiological arousal is similar to when you are awake Muscles are nearly paralyzed Sleep Disorders Insomnia trouble falling asleep or staying asleep at night Narcolepsy enter REM sleep directly from the waking state Sleep Apnea briefly stop breathing hundreds of times each night Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) sleeping infants stop breathing and die Sleep Disorders Sleepwalking occurs in NREM sleep Nightmares frightening REM dreams Sleep Terror Disorder (Night Terrors) frightening dream image during Non-REM sleep REM Behavior Disorder enter REM sleep without the near-paralysis; they can act out their dreams Sleep as a Circadian Rhythm Cycles of behavior and physiology that repeat about every 24 hours Disruptions of sleep-wake cycle can create problems (e.g., jet lag) Individual variations in timing of circadian sleep rhythms : owls vs. larks Internal biological clock Suprachiasmatic nuclei and melatonin 2

3 Circadian Rhythms What Happens after Sleep Deprivation? Individuals do not make up every hour lost; sleep 50% more than usual Recovery night includes unusually high percentage of REM sleep Special Functions of REM Sleep Experiencing Psychology: How Much Sleep Do We Need? May help restore sensitivity to norepinephrine and its ability to keep us alert May be a time for creating and strengthening neural connections Special Functions of REM Sleep May help restore sensitivity to norepinephrine and its ability to keep us alert May be a time for creating and strengthening neural connections May help to solidify and absorb the day s experiences and skills May improve daytime creativity May aid memory of information Benefits of Sleep Sleep deprivation can lead to fatigue, irritability, memory problems, and inattention Can be dangerous to self and others Sleep is restorative, especially during non- REM sleep Helps to restore body and brain for future activities Helps to consolidate memories of newly learned facts 3

4 Dreams and Dreaming Some brain activity during sleep is experienced as dreams Occurs mostly during REM sleep May last a few seconds or for many minutes Despite senselessness, often contain some logic Daytime activities may influence content of dreams Why Do We Dream? Dreaming may be a process for analyzing and consolidating important information Freud: Dreams are a disguised form of wish fulfillment Activation-Synthesis Theory Dreams represent the brains attempt to make sense of meaningless stimulation during sleep Hypnosis Hypnosis Can you be hypnotized against your will? An altered state of consciousness brought on by special techniques Produces responsiveness to suggestions for changes in one s experience and behavior Hypnotically susceptible people tend to differ from others Better ability to focus and ignore distractions Have more active imaginations; tend to fantasize; process information quickly; and have positive attitude about hypnosis Results of Hypnosis Behavioral changes e.g., deaf blind, or insensitive to pain, Age regression recalling or reenacting their childhoods Posthypnotic suggestions instructions about how to behave after hypnosis has ended Posthypnotic amnesia inability to recall what happened while they were hypnotized Main Changes in Hypnotized People Tendency not to begin actions on their own Redistributed attention Enhanced ability to fantasize Readily take on roles Reduced reality testing 4

5 Explaining Hypnosis State Theories of Hypnosis hypnotized people look and act differently due to an altered state of consciousness Changes in brain activity Dramatic effects on the body (e.g., insensitive to pain, disappearance of warts) Explaining Hypnosis Nonstate Theories of Hypnosis Role theory : simply taking a new role to play under hypnosis Dissociation Theory Hypnosis may activate a process called dissociation (split in consciousness) Under dissociation, involuntary process (such as reaction to pain) can be controlled voluntarily Applications of Hypnosis Pain relief hypnosis can block the pain Eliminate side effects of chemotherapy Speed postoperative recovery Reduce stress-related hair loss Recover lost memories (controversial) Meditation set of techniques to create altered state of consciousness by inner peace and tranquility Physiological changes measured in body and brain Attributed to improved mental and physical health Benefits not unique to meditation; biofeedback, hypnosis, tai chi, or just relaxing can bring the similar effects Drugs that change consciousness and other psychological processes How do drugs affect the brain? 5

6 Agonists and Antagonists Most drugs alter the interactions between neurotransmitters and their receptors Agonists: bind to receptors and imitate the effect of the neurotransmitter Antagonists: occupy the receptors but cannot mimic its effects The Varying Effects of Drugs Some drugs work by increasing or decreasing the release of a specific neurotransmitter Some drugs work by speeding or slowing the removal of a neurotransmitter from synapse Drug Abuse (substance abuse) Psychological dependence Physical dependence (addiction) Drug withdrawal Drug tolerance CNS Depressant Drugs CNS Stimulating Drugs Reduce or depress central nervous system activity, mainly in the brain Examples: Increase alertness and mobility while decreasing reaction time Amphetamines ( speed ) lose weight, stay awake, get high Alcohol Caffeine Barbiturates Nicotine Gamma hydroxybutyrate (GHB) Cocaine MDMA ( Ecstasy ) 6

7 Opiates Used to treat pain by mimicking pain-inhibiting neurotransmitters in the body such as endorphins Can induce sleep, relieve pain, experience elation Highly addictive Examples: Opium Morphine Heroin Codeine Hallucinogenic Drugs Create a loss of contact with reality Alters other aspects of emotion, perception, and thought. Also called psychomimetics Examples: LSD Ketamine Marijuana 7

States of Consciousness Notes

States of Consciousness Notes States of Consciousness Notes There s been a lot in the news lately about the new Peace Palace they re building in West L.A., for people to come and meditate and not just Hollywood people! Psych 1 - States

More information

States of Consciousness Notes

States of Consciousness Notes States of Consciousness Notes There s been a lot in the news lately about the new Peace Palace they re building in West L.A., for people to come and meditate and not just Hollywood people! Consciousness

More information

Ch 7 Altered States of Consciousness

Ch 7 Altered States of Consciousness Ch 7 Altered States of Consciousness Consciousness a state of awareness Altered State of Consciousness involves a change in mental processes in which one is not completely aware Sleep is a state of altered

More information

Chapter 7 Altered States of Consciousness

Chapter 7 Altered States of Consciousness Chapter 7 Altered States of Consciousness Lesson 1 Sleep and Dreams How important is sleep to humans? Sleeps is a state of altered consciousness, characterized by certain patterns of brain activity and

More information

1. The modern discovery of hypnosis is generally attributed to: A) Freud. B) Mesmer. C) Spanos. D) Hilgard.

1. The modern discovery of hypnosis is generally attributed to: A) Freud. B) Mesmer. C) Spanos. D) Hilgard. Name: Date: 1. The modern discovery of hypnosis is generally attributed to: A) Freud. B) Mesmer. C) Spanos. D) Hilgard. 2. Which of the following statements concerning hypnosis is true? A) People will

More information

Sleep Disorders , The Patient Education Institute, Inc. [www.x-plain.com] nr Last reviewed: 03/06/2011 1

Sleep Disorders , The Patient Education Institute, Inc. [www.x-plain.com] nr Last reviewed: 03/06/2011 1 Sleep Disorders Introduction Sleep disorders are very common conditions that can be overcome. It is important to understand what affects sleep and the importance of sleep. This reference summary will help

More information

Okami Study Guide: Ch. 6

Okami Study Guide: Ch. 6 1 Chapter in Review 1. There is no consensus on how to define consciousness or how to study it. One commonsense definition contributed by John Searle is that consciousness consists of inner, qualitative,

More information

Insomnia affects 1 in 3 adults every year in the U.S. and Canada.

Insomnia affects 1 in 3 adults every year in the U.S. and Canada. Insomnia What is insomnia? Having insomnia means you often have trouble falling or staying asleep or going back to sleep if you awaken. Insomnia can be either a short-term or a long-term problem. Insomnia

More information

Sponsored by: 2013 NAMI Maryland Conference Baltimore, Maryland; Friday, October 18 th, 2013

Sponsored by: 2013 NAMI Maryland Conference Baltimore, Maryland; Friday, October 18 th, 2013 Integrated System of Care Universal Dual Diagnosis Capabilities Principles of Empathy and Hope Motivational Interviewing Approach Stages of Change Model Design Solution Focused Strength Based Skill Building

More information

OTC Abuse. Dr. Eman Said Abd-Elkhalek Lecturer of Pharmacology & Toxicology Faculty of Pharmacy Mansoura University

OTC Abuse. Dr. Eman Said Abd-Elkhalek Lecturer of Pharmacology & Toxicology Faculty of Pharmacy Mansoura University OTC Abuse Dr. Eman Said Abd-Elkhalek Lecturer of Pharmacology & Toxicology Faculty of Pharmacy Mansoura University Opiates Abuse Opioids are a group of natural, partially synthetic, or synthetic drugs

More information

Patient Self-Evaluation for ATTENTION DEFICIT/HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER

Patient Self-Evaluation for ATTENTION DEFICIT/HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER Patient Self-Evaluation for ATTENTION DEFICIT/HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER Student Name Student No. Date STUDENT'S PRIMARY CONCERN (Please state your primary concern) WHAT LED YOU TO SEEK AN EVALUATION NOW?

More information

Alcoholism, Drug Addiction, and the Road to Recovery

Alcoholism, Drug Addiction, and the Road to Recovery Alcoholism, Drug Addiction, and the Road to Recovery Life on the Edge Barry Stimmel, MD The Haworth Medical Press An Imprint of The Haworth Press, Inc. New York London Oxford CONTENTS Preface Acknowledgments

More information

Understanding. Sleep Disorders. Bob, diagnosed in 2005.

Understanding. Sleep Disorders. Bob, diagnosed in 2005. Understanding Sleep Disorders Bob, diagnosed in 2005. What Are Sleep Disorders? Many sleep disorders are brain disorders that cause interruptions in sleep patterns. They prevent people from getting enough

More information

NEURON AND NEURAL TRAMSMISSION: ANATOMY OF A NEURON. created by Dr. Joanne Hsu

NEURON AND NEURAL TRAMSMISSION: ANATOMY OF A NEURON. created by Dr. Joanne Hsu NEURON AND NEURAL TRAMSMISSION: ANATOMY OF A NEURON NEURON AND NEURAL TRAMSMISSION: MICROSCOPIC VIEW OF NEURONS A photograph taken through a light microscope (500x) of neurons in the spinal cord. NEURON

More information

How drugs effect the central nervous system

How drugs effect the central nervous system DRUGS AND THE BRAIN Most of the psychological and behavioural effects of psychoactive drugs is due the interaction they have with the nerve cells in the CNS (which includes the brain and peripheral nervous

More information

Pharmacology and Physiology (C105) Understanding Pharmacology and Physiology. The History of Drugs. The Neurobiology of Addiction.

Pharmacology and Physiology (C105) Understanding Pharmacology and Physiology. The History of Drugs. The Neurobiology of Addiction. Understanding Pharmacology and Physiology Knowledge of Pharmacology and Physiology is Crucial SAMHSA s Counselor Competencies What is Addiction? NIDA: Why Do People Use Drugs? From Abuse to Addiction Desired

More information

Sleep Deprivation and Fatigue. Effects on Performance in Residency Training. Adapted from the American Academy of Sleep Medicine

Sleep Deprivation and Fatigue. Effects on Performance in Residency Training. Adapted from the American Academy of Sleep Medicine Sleep Deprivation and Fatigue Effects on Performance in Residency Training Adapted from the American Academy of Sleep Medicine Learning Objectives 1. List factors that put you at risk for sleepiness and

More information

Dr Sarah Blunden s Adolescent Sleep Facts Sheet

Dr Sarah Blunden s Adolescent Sleep Facts Sheet Dr Sarah Blunden s Adolescent Sleep Facts Sheet I am Sleep Researcher and a Psychologist. As a Sleep Researcher, I investigate the effects of poor sleep on young children and adolescents. I also diagnose

More information

SLEEP DISTURBANCE AND PSYCHIATRIC DISORDERS

SLEEP DISTURBANCE AND PSYCHIATRIC DISORDERS E-Resource December, 2013 SLEEP DISTURBANCE AND PSYCHIATRIC DISORDERS Between 10-18% of adults in the general population and up to 50% of adults in the primary care setting have difficulty sleeping. Sleep

More information

Drug Abuse and Addiction

Drug Abuse and Addiction Drug Abuse and Addiction Introduction A drug is a chemical substance that can change how your body and mind work. People may abuse drugs to get high or change how they feel. Addiction is when a drug user

More information

About drugs. Psychoactive drugs. Drugs are substances that change a person s physical or mental state.

About drugs. Psychoactive drugs. Drugs are substances that change a person s physical or mental state. 1 About drugs Drugs are substances that change a person s physical or mental state. The vast majority of drugs are used to treat medical conditions, both physical and mental. Some, however, are used outside

More information

INSOMNIA SELF-CARE GUIDE

INSOMNIA SELF-CARE GUIDE INSOMNIA SELF-CARE GUIDE University of California, Berkeley 2222 Bancroft Way Berkeley, CA 94720 Appointments 510/642-2000 Online Appointment www.uhs.berkeley.edu All of us have trouble sleeping from time

More information

DRUGS OF ABUSE CLASSIFICATION AND EFFECTS

DRUGS OF ABUSE CLASSIFICATION AND EFFECTS Drug and Drug use DRUGS OF ABUSE CLASSIFICATION AND EFFECTS A pharmaceutical preparation or a naturally occurring substance used primarily to bring about a change in the existing process or state (physiological,

More information

What you need for Your to know Safety about longterm. opioid pain care. What you need to know about long-term opioid

What you need for Your to know Safety about longterm. opioid pain care. What you need to know about long-term opioid What you need to know about longterm opioid pain care. What you need to know about long-term opioid and the Safety of Others pain care. TAKING What you OPIOIDS need to know about long-term RESPONSIBLY

More information

CAN'T SLEEP? YOU MAY HAVE INSOMNIA

CAN'T SLEEP? YOU MAY HAVE INSOMNIA David W. Kidder, Ph.D. Counseling Psychologist 893 Brownswitch Road, Suite 207 985-649-2011 Slidell, LA 70458 DrKidder.com CAN'T SLEEP? YOU MAY HAVE INSOMNIA WHAT IS INSOMNIA? Difficulty falling asleep

More information

Reducing Anxiety & Stress

Reducing Anxiety & Stress Reducing Anxiety & Stress We have outlined a number of effective techniques to help reduce the effects stress and anxiety or stop it occurring in the first place. These are: Exercise Relaxation Sleep Balanced

More information

Assessment and Diagnosis of DSM-5 Substance-Related Disorders

Assessment and Diagnosis of DSM-5 Substance-Related Disorders Assessment and Diagnosis of DSM-5 Substance-Related Disorders Jason H. King, PhD (listed on p. 914 of DSM-5 as a Collaborative Investigator) j.king@lecutah.com or 801-404-8733 www.lecutah.com D I S C L

More information

Listed below are some of the reasons given by users to describe why they take drug(s): An escape from problems, either at home, school or work.

Listed below are some of the reasons given by users to describe why they take drug(s): An escape from problems, either at home, school or work. Once drug use comes into the equation, inhibitions that normally protect the individual effectively go out of the window and leave the user feeling high or buzzing. Situations, incidents or behaviours

More information

The Cranium Connection

The Cranium Connection Your Brain! The brain is the command center of your body. It controls just about everything you do, even when you are sleeping. Weighing about 3 pounds, the brain is made up of many parts that all work

More information

A HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE ON HUMAN ABUSE LIABILITY STUDIES. Donald R Jasinski, MD

A HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE ON HUMAN ABUSE LIABILITY STUDIES. Donald R Jasinski, MD A HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE ON HUMAN ABUSE LIABILITY STUDIES Donald R Jasinski, MD Origin of methods Modify morphine molecule Develop a selective analgesic lacking abuse potential Reduce public health and

More information

34 th Judicial District Substance Abuse Study Guide

34 th Judicial District Substance Abuse Study Guide 34 th Judicial District Substance Abuse Study Guide What is Drug Addiction? 2 It is characterized by intense and, at times, uncontrollable drug craving, along with compulsive drug seeking and use that

More information

Many people with physical

Many people with physical Aging with Physical Disability FACT SHEET Sleep and Aging with a Disability Many people with physical disabilities suffer from sleep disturbances, and sleep tends to become more disrupted as we get older.

More information

"BARRIERS TO HIV PREVENTION AND CARE DUE TO CONSUMER SUBSTANCE ABUSE AND CHEMICAL DEPENDENCE PART II.

BARRIERS TO HIV PREVENTION AND CARE DUE TO CONSUMER SUBSTANCE ABUSE AND CHEMICAL DEPENDENCE PART II. "BARRIERS TO HIV PREVENTION AND CARE DUE TO CONSUMER SUBSTANCE ABUSE AND CHEMICAL DEPENDENCE PART II. BY PROFESSOR TERENCE MCPHAUL PSYCHOLOGY TELEVISION NETWORK (PSYCHTV ) Distinct Populations of Youth

More information

CO-OCCURRING DISORDERS. Michaelene Spence MA LADC 8/8/12

CO-OCCURRING DISORDERS. Michaelene Spence MA LADC 8/8/12 CO-OCCURRING DISORDERS Michaelene Spence MA LADC 8/8/12 Activity Chemical Health? Mental Health? Video- What is Addiction HBO Terminology MI/CD: Mental Illness/Chemical Dependency IDDT: Integrated Dual

More information

CHAPTER 4 LESSON PLAN NOV 11-NOV 17 STATES OF CONSCIOUSNESS

CHAPTER 4 LESSON PLAN NOV 11-NOV 17 STATES OF CONSCIOUSNESS CHAPTER 4 LESSON PLAN NOV 11-NOV 17 STATES OF CONSCIOUSNESS Learning Objectives After reading this chapter, students should be able to respond to each of the bulleted objectives below: Sleep Summarize

More information

PRESCRIPTION DRUG ABUSE prevention

PRESCRIPTION DRUG ABUSE prevention PRESCRIPTION DRUG ABUSE prevention Understanding Drug Addiction Many people do not understand how someone could abuse drugs even when their life seems to be falling apart. It is often assumed that those

More information

Headache and Sleep Disorders 屏 東 基 督 教 醫 院 沈 秀 祝

Headache and Sleep Disorders 屏 東 基 督 教 醫 院 沈 秀 祝 Headache and Sleep Disorders 屏 東 基 督 教 醫 院 沈 秀 祝 Sleep Sleeping later Sleep deprivation Excessive Sleep Sleep Migraine Physiology of sleep Headache Clinical, Anatomical, and Physiologic Relationship Between

More information

CURRICULUM MAP. COURSE TITLE: Health DESCRIPTION PREREQUISITES: None

CURRICULUM MAP. COURSE TITLE: Health DESCRIPTION PREREQUISITES: None CURRICULUM MAP COURSE TITLE: Health DESCRIPTION PREREQUISITES: None OF COURSE: Health Education is designed to develop an understanding of your general health and wellness. This class fosters good decision

More information

Drugs, The Brain, and Behavior

Drugs, The Brain, and Behavior Drugs, The Brain, and Behavior John Nyby Department of Biological Sciences Lehigh University What is a drug? Difficult to define Know it when you see it Neuroactive vs Non-Neuroactive drugs Two major categories

More information

Drug and Alcohol Abuse Training revised: October 2015

Drug and Alcohol Abuse Training revised: October 2015 Drug and Alcohol Abuse Training revised: October 2015 FMCSA is considering going to a seven panel and possibly ten panel. Hair testing may also be acceptable. What is a Drug? A substance which

More information

Like cocaine, heroin is a drug that is illegal in some areas of the world. Heroin is highly addictive.

Like cocaine, heroin is a drug that is illegal in some areas of the world. Heroin is highly addictive. Heroin Introduction Heroin is a powerful drug that affects the brain. People who use it can form a strong addiction. Addiction is when a drug user can t stop taking a drug, even when he or she wants to.

More information

Drug addiction. These factors increase the likelihood of your having an addiction to a legal or an illegal drug:

Drug addiction. These factors increase the likelihood of your having an addiction to a legal or an illegal drug: Drug addiction You may be hooked emotionally and psychologically. You may have a physical dependence, too. If you're addicted to a drug whether it's legal or illegal you have intense cravings for it. You

More information

SLEEP DIFFICULTIES AND PARKINSON S DISEASE Julie H. Carter, R.N., M.S., A.N.P.

SLEEP DIFFICULTIES AND PARKINSON S DISEASE Julie H. Carter, R.N., M.S., A.N.P. SLEEP DIFFICULTIES AND PARKINSON S DISEASE Julie H. Carter, R.N., M.S., A.N.P. Problems with sleep are common in Parkinson s disease. They can sometimes interfere with quality of life. It is helpful to

More information

North Pacific Epilepsy Research 2311 NW Northrup Street Suite #202 Portland, Oregon 97210 Tel: 503-291-5300 Fax: 503-291-5303

North Pacific Epilepsy Research 2311 NW Northrup Street Suite #202 Portland, Oregon 97210 Tel: 503-291-5300 Fax: 503-291-5303 North Pacific Epilepsy Research 2311 NW Northrup Street Suite #202 Portland, Oregon 97210 Tel: 503-291-5300 Fax: 503-291-5303 Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

More information

Taking Care: Child and Youth Mental Health ANXIETY WHAT IS IT?

Taking Care: Child and Youth Mental Health ANXIETY WHAT IS IT? Taking Care: Child and Youth Mental Health ANXIETY WHAT IS IT? Open Learning Agency 2004 WHAT IS IT? Anxiety is a normal human feeling characterized by worry, nervousness and fear. Not only does anxiety

More information

Overall Learning Objectives

Overall Learning Objectives Overall Learning Objectives Understand the difference between use, misuse and abuse of substances/drugs; Differentiate between commonly abused legal and illegal substances/drugs; Become aware of common

More information

Opiate Addiction and the Prescription Drug Crisis. Paul Updike, MD Medical Director of Chemical Dependency Services, Catholic Health System

Opiate Addiction and the Prescription Drug Crisis. Paul Updike, MD Medical Director of Chemical Dependency Services, Catholic Health System Opiate Addiction and the Prescription Drug Crisis Paul Updike, MD Medical Director of Chemical Dependency Services, Catholic Health System Objectives Define what addiction is Describe what opiates are

More information

professionals for health Insomnia

professionals for health Insomnia for health professionals Insomnia Insomnia Healthy sleep Most people think that healthy sleep is one long 7-8 hour period of unconsciousness. However, sleep consists of different states of sleep that cycle

More information

Benzodiazepines. Understanding psychiatric medications. Information for consumers, families and friends. Titles in the

Benzodiazepines. Understanding psychiatric medications. Information for consumers, families and friends. Titles in the Titles in the Understanding psychiatric medications series include: Antidepressants Antipsychotics Benzodiazepines Mood Stabilizers Understanding psychiatric medications Benzodiazepines For more information

More information

Chapter Overview glencoe.com Chapter 7 Chapter Overviews 182

Chapter Overview glencoe.com Chapter 7 Chapter Overviews 182 Psychology Journal What is the purpose of sleep? Do you think it would be possible or desirable to perfect a way to eliminate the need for sleep or dreams? Write a onepage essay in your journal answering

More information

Scientific Facts on. Psychoactive Drugs. Tobacco, Alcohol, and Illicit Substances

Scientific Facts on. Psychoactive Drugs. Tobacco, Alcohol, and Illicit Substances page 1/5 Scientific Facts on Psychoactive Drugs Tobacco, Alcohol, and Illicit Substances Source document: WHO (2004) Summary & Details: GreenFacts Context - Psychoactive drugs such as tobacco, alcohol,

More information

Why Meditation is successful in Substance abuse treatment. Mediation paired with substance abuse treatment has been around since 1982 when the

Why Meditation is successful in Substance abuse treatment. Mediation paired with substance abuse treatment has been around since 1982 when the Stone Amber Stone Mathew Arndt HLTH-1240 26 June 2014 Why Meditation is successful in Substance abuse treatment. Mediation paired with substance abuse treatment has been around since 1982 when the Betty

More information

WHAT HAPPENS TO OUR BRAIN?

WHAT HAPPENS TO OUR BRAIN? WORK DYNAMIC The final result of this session is the formulation of the questions that, within the activity of the Let s talk about drugs programme of the la Caixa Welfare Project, you will ask Dr. Rafael

More information

Amphetamines Addiction

Amphetamines Addiction Introduction Amphetamines, which are classified as stimulants, work by using the dopamine reward system of the brain. When these drugs are used, the user s central nervous system is simulated which causes

More information

Poor sleep/sleepiness in teenagers

Poor sleep/sleepiness in teenagers Poor sleep/sleepiness in teenagers what causes it how to assess it what can be done to help Dorothy Bruck Professor of Psychology 1 My aim today. Help you know what to ask make differential assessments

More information

SLEEP QUESTIONNAIRE AND WAKEFULNESS

SLEEP QUESTIONNAIRE AND WAKEFULNESS SLEEP QUESTIONNAIRE AND WAKEFULNESS (SQAW) PATIENT: DOCTOR: DATE COMPLETED: Must Be Completed by Appointment Date 7423-029-W-BKLT 11-1-09 For questions to be answered on a scale of 1 to 5, please circle

More information

10pm. Melatonin. Without Serotonin 6am mid afternoon 6-8pm 6am

10pm. Melatonin. Without Serotonin 6am mid afternoon 6-8pm 6am In order to have efficient and normal functioning of all systems in the body adequate and restorative sleep must be obtained. Mental and physical health is directly affected by an individual s sleep patterns

More information

X. Capsules; pills; Stimulants; increased energy powder; rock alertness; extreme anxiety; temporary mental illness

X. Capsules; pills; Stimulants; increased energy powder; rock alertness; extreme anxiety; temporary mental illness Cadet Name: Date: 1. (U4C3L1:Q1) Study the table and indicate the type of drugs that are described in rows X, Y and Z. Drug Forms of the Drug Uses and Effects X. Capsules; pills; Stimulants; increased

More information

Caring for your baby in the NICU: about sleep

Caring for your baby in the NICU: about sleep C2 How can sleep help my baby? Newborns spend most of their time asleep. Sleep is required to maintain growth and health in humans. Most full-term newborns sleep about 16-20 hours each day. Although losing

More information

Delusions are false beliefs that are not part of their real-life. The person keeps on believing his delusions even when other people prove that the be

Delusions are false beliefs that are not part of their real-life. The person keeps on believing his delusions even when other people prove that the be Schizophrenia Schizophrenia is a chronic, severe, and disabling brain disorder which affects the whole person s day-to-day actions, for example, thinking, feeling and behavior. It usually starts between

More information

THIRD MODULE DETERMINERS AND CONDITIONERS OF NON PRESCRIPTIVE DRUGS AND CONSUME.

THIRD MODULE DETERMINERS AND CONDITIONERS OF NON PRESCRIPTIVE DRUGS AND CONSUME. THIRD MODULE DETERMINERS AND CONDITIONERS OF NON PRESCRIPTIVE DRUGS AND CONSUME. INTRODUCTION This module presents different factors which influence in the life of people who consume drugs, there upon

More information

Nursing Interventions for Sleep Disorders Following TBI

Nursing Interventions for Sleep Disorders Following TBI Nursing Interventions for Sleep Disorders Following TBI Kadesha Clark, RN BSN When you sleep, your body rests and restores its energy levels. A good night's sleep is often the best way to help you cope

More information

Addiction in Adolescents

Addiction in Adolescents Addiction in Adolescents THE BIOLOGICAL, COGNITIVE, AND SOCIAL EMOTIONAL EFFECTS RENEA BEEN, CRISTY BERGER, & TAMMER MALATY Biological Effects Today s Lesson: The Brain Welcome to Biology 101 In order

More information

a. positive vs. negative reinforcement b. tolerance vs. sensitization c. drug classes einforcement

a. positive vs. negative reinforcement b. tolerance vs. sensitization c. drug classes einforcement Drug Abuse (chapter 18) 1. Definitions iti a. positive vs. negative reinforcement b. tolerance vs. sensitization c. drug classes 2. Neural Mechanisms of Re einforcement a. mesolimbic dopamine system b.

More information

Sleep Difficulties. Insomnia. By Thomas Freedom, MD and Johan Samanta, MD

Sleep Difficulties. Insomnia. By Thomas Freedom, MD and Johan Samanta, MD Sleep Difficulties By Thomas Freedom, MD and Johan Samanta, MD For most people, night is a time of rest and renewal; however, for many people with Parkinson s disease nighttime is a struggle to get the

More information

SUBSTANCE ABUSE. Key Concepts. Types of Drugs

SUBSTANCE ABUSE. Key Concepts. Types of Drugs SUBSTANCE ABUSE You have to choose who you want to be in life. This happens by making lots of decisions every day. Using substances is a choice. This is a big choice, because substances have a very real

More information

Dependence and Addiction. Marek C. Chawarski, Ph.D. Yale University David Metzger, Ph.D. University of Pennsylvania

Dependence and Addiction. Marek C. Chawarski, Ph.D. Yale University David Metzger, Ph.D. University of Pennsylvania Dependence and Addiction Marek C. Chawarski, Ph.D. Yale University David Metzger, Ph.D. University of Pennsylvania Overview Heroin and other opiates The disease of heroin addiction or dependence Effective

More information

Its Not Just Weed Anymore

Its Not Just Weed Anymore Its Not Just Weed Anymore What is Marijuana Most popular illicit psychoactive drug Magnifies existing personality traits Effects depend on the mind-set of the user Effects of Marijuana Relaxation Sedation

More information

A Good Night s Sleep. The Purpose of Sleep. A Good Night s Sleep Stress, Insomnia and Work Productivity. Stress, Insomnia and Work Productivity

A Good Night s Sleep. The Purpose of Sleep. A Good Night s Sleep Stress, Insomnia and Work Productivity. Stress, Insomnia and Work Productivity A Good Night s Sleep Stress, Insomnia and Work Productivity The Purpose of Sleep Ontogenesis Restoration Memory Processing Anabolic/Catabolic Cycle Preservation Other Reasons 2008 Wellness Council of America

More information

CASE Facilitator s Guide to Jeopardy

CASE Facilitator s Guide to Jeopardy CASE Facilitator s Guide to Jeopardy Once you have clicked on the Jeopardy portion of the Power Point, begin by explaining the basic rules of Jeopardy. Basic Rules: Answer in the form of a question There

More information

Draft. Another Doctor s Opinion. Another Doctor s Opinion DRAFT for Fellowship Review Page 1 of 5

Draft. Another Doctor s Opinion. Another Doctor s Opinion DRAFT for Fellowship Review Page 1 of 5 Another Doctor s Opinion Marvin D. Seppala, MD Chief Medical Officer Hazelden Betty Ford Foundation I hope that this brief writing may provide those who are seeking help a general understanding of the

More information

Great Books: Freud s Interpretation of Dreams Teacher s Guide

Great Books: Freud s Interpretation of Dreams Teacher s Guide Teacher s Guide Grade Level: 9-12 Curriculum Focus: Human Body Lesson Duration: One class period Program Description Using a unique series of dream sequence reenactments based on Freud's revolutionary

More information

The Drug Evaluation and Classification Program

The Drug Evaluation and Classification Program The Drug Evaluation and Classification Program International Association of Chiefs of Police Drug Evaluation and Classification (DEC) Program The Drug Evaluation and Classification (DEC) Program is a transportation

More information

Internet addiction is currently classified. by mental health professionals as an. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, a mental

Internet addiction is currently classified. by mental health professionals as an. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, a mental Internet addiction is currently classified by mental health professionals as an Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, a mental health condition that results in an urge to engage in ritualistic thoughts & behaviors.

More information

Identification, treatment and support for individuals with Alcohol & Drug Addiction in the Community

Identification, treatment and support for individuals with Alcohol & Drug Addiction in the Community Identification, treatment and support for individuals with Alcohol & Drug Addiction in the Community Dr David Jackson Clinic Medical Officer The Hobart Clinic Association Drugs In tonight s context, drugs

More information

Identifying and Treating Dual-Diagnosed Substance Use and Mental Health Disorders. Presented by: Carrie Terrill, LCDC

Identifying and Treating Dual-Diagnosed Substance Use and Mental Health Disorders. Presented by: Carrie Terrill, LCDC Identifying and Treating Dual-Diagnosed Substance Use and Mental Health Disorders Presented by: Carrie Terrill, LCDC Overview What is Dual Diagnosis? How Common is Dual Diagnosis? What are Substance Use

More information

Benzodiazepines. benzoes, downers, sleepers, rohies, roofies, moggies, sarahs, footballs, normies

Benzodiazepines. benzoes, downers, sleepers, rohies, roofies, moggies, sarahs, footballs, normies 3 Benzodiazepines benzoes, downers, sleepers, rohies, roofies, moggies, sarahs, footballs, normies Benzodiazepines belong to a group of central nervous system depressants (see definition on page 2) called

More information

Downers/Depressants (pages 40-50)

Downers/Depressants (pages 40-50) Downers/Depressants (pages 40-50) Read pages 49-54, 59-60, and 78-79 of the booklet, Street Drugs. Pages 40-50 of the text. Narcotics: Prescription Origin: Southeast Asia, Southwest Asia, and in the Western

More information

Neurotransmitters Made Easy: The Mood Teeter-Totter

Neurotransmitters Made Easy: The Mood Teeter-Totter Neurotransmitters Made Easy: The Mood Brad Lander PhD, LICDC Clinical Director / Psychologist Talbot Hall - Addiction Medicine at The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center Key Point #1 Thinking and

More information

ICD 9 to ICD 10 Code Conversions Based on 2014 GEMs Alcohol and Drug Abuse Programs Approved ICD 10 Codes 3/21/2014

ICD 9 to ICD 10 Code Conversions Based on 2014 GEMs Alcohol and Drug Abuse Programs Approved ICD 10 Codes 3/21/2014 291 Alcohol induced mental disorders 291.0 Alcohol withdrawal delirium F10.231 Alcohol dependence with withdrawal delirium F10.121 Alcohol abuse with intoxication delirium F10.221 Alcohol dependence with

More information

Delirium. The signs of delirium are managed by treating the underlying cause of the medical condition causing the delirium.

Delirium. The signs of delirium are managed by treating the underlying cause of the medical condition causing the delirium. Delirium Introduction Delirium is a complex symptom where a person becomes confused and shows significant changes in behavior and mental state. Signs of delirium include problems with attention and awareness,

More information

How To Avoid Drowsy Driving

How To Avoid Drowsy Driving How To Avoid Drowsy Driving AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety Sleepiness and Driving Don t Mix Feeling sleepy is especially dangerous when you are driving. Sleepiness slows your reaction time, decreases

More information

Diabetes and Sleep Problems. Sleep Study

Diabetes and Sleep Problems. Sleep Study Diabetes and Sleep Problems Sleep Study Diabetes and Sleep Problems Sanjay R. Patel, MD, MS Suzanne M. Bertisch MD, MPH Amy P. Campbell, MS, RD, CDE David Erani, MD This booklet was developed by Joslin

More information

The Addicted Brain. And what you can do

The Addicted Brain. And what you can do The Addicted Brain And what you can do How does addiction happen? Addiction can happen as soon as someone uses a substance The brain releases a neurotransmitter called Dopamine into the system that makes

More information

Stress Flow Chart STRESSOR

Stress Flow Chart STRESSOR Stress Flow Chart STRESSOR The events & situations we associate with stress. Stressors can be internal or external. Internal: physical well being (illness, chronic pain & medical conditions, headaches,

More information

SUBSTANCE ABUSE & DEPRESSION: WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW

SUBSTANCE ABUSE & DEPRESSION: WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW SUBSTANCE ABUSE & DEPRESSION: WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW TABLE OF CONTENTS What is Depression? 4 Symptoms of Depression 6 Substance Abuse as a Coping Mechanism 8 Which Occurs First? 10 Substance Abuse and the

More information

VAADA Conference 2015 Benzodiazepines: Are they making your client s life hell?

VAADA Conference 2015 Benzodiazepines: Are they making your client s life hell? VAADA Conference 2015 Benzodiazepines: Are they making your client s life hell? Stephanie Thwaites, Benzodiazepine Counsellor/ Mental Health Social Worker Reconnexion A Service of EACH Reconnexion is a

More information

New York State Office of Alcoholism & Substance Abuse Services Addiction Services for Prevention, Treatment, Recovery

New York State Office of Alcoholism & Substance Abuse Services Addiction Services for Prevention, Treatment, Recovery New York State Office of Alcoholism & Substance Abuse Services Addiction Services for Prevention, Treatment, Recovery USING THE 48 HOUR OBSERVATION BED USING THE 48 HOUR OBSERVATION BED Detoxification

More information

DRUG AND ALCOHOL ABUSE POLICY

DRUG AND ALCOHOL ABUSE POLICY DRUG AND ALCOHOL ABUSE POLICY It is the policy of the College of Biblical Studies that the unlawful use, manufacture, sale, attempted sale, distribution, transfer, purchase, attempted purchase, cultivation,

More information

What is Dissociative Identity Disorder? Class Objectives. Stop and reflect. Have you ever spaced out? Where do you go when you daydream?

What is Dissociative Identity Disorder? Class Objectives. Stop and reflect. Have you ever spaced out? Where do you go when you daydream? What is Dissociative Identity Disorder? Ch. 5-Somatoform and Dissociative disorders Class Objectives What are Dissociative Disorders? What is Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID)? What is the etiology

More information

Anxiety, Agitation, Delirium, Depression Across the Palliative Spectrum Practical Pearls

Anxiety, Agitation, Delirium, Depression Across the Palliative Spectrum Practical Pearls Anxiety, Agitation, Delirium, Depression Across the Palliative Spectrum Practical Pearls Presented by Nancy E. Joyner, RN, MS, APRN CNS, ACHPN Disclosures Nancy E. Joyner has no real or perceived conflicts

More information

CONSEQUENCES AND SANCTIONS FOR POLICY VIOLATIONS

CONSEQUENCES AND SANCTIONS FOR POLICY VIOLATIONS OREGON INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY Controlled Substance Policy OIT is committed to maintaining a workplace and educational environment free from unlawful manufacture, possession, distribution, and/or use of

More information

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder - PTSD

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder - PTSD Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder - PTSD Introduction Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, or PTSD, is a common disorder in which a person experiences disabling anxiety after a traumatic event. People with PTSD

More information

Brain Damage & Recovery: The Resilience of the Brain, Addiction Impact & Therapeutic Repair. Michael Fishman, MD Director of Young Adult Program

Brain Damage & Recovery: The Resilience of the Brain, Addiction Impact & Therapeutic Repair. Michael Fishman, MD Director of Young Adult Program Brain Damage & Recovery: The Resilience of the Brain, Addiction Impact & Therapeutic Repair Michael Fishman, MD Director of Young Adult Program How Addiction Takes Hold Large & rapid upsurges in dopamine

More information

MEDICATION GUIDE Xyrem (ZĪE-rem) (sodium oxybate) oral solution CIII

MEDICATION GUIDE Xyrem (ZĪE-rem) (sodium oxybate) oral solution CIII MEDICATION GUIDE Xyrem (ZĪE-rem) (sodium oxybate) oral solution CIII Read this Medication Guide carefully before you start taking Xyrem and each time you get a refill. There may be new information. This

More information

DrugFacts: Treatment Approaches for Drug Addiction

DrugFacts: Treatment Approaches for Drug Addiction DrugFacts: Treatment Approaches for Drug Addiction NOTE: This is a fact sheet covering research findings on effective treatment approaches for drug abuse and addiction. If you are seeking treatment, please

More information

This booklet provides information for people who use heroin The National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre (NDARC) has conducted many interviews with

This booklet provides information for people who use heroin The National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre (NDARC) has conducted many interviews with This booklet provides information for people who use heroin The National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre (NDARC) has conducted many interviews with heroin users, many of whom have requested more information

More information

Addictions: Why Don t They Just Quit?

Addictions: Why Don t They Just Quit? Counseling Center of New Smyrna Beach 265 N. Causeway New Smyrna Beach FL 32169 Ph: 386-423-9161 Fax: 386-423-3094 Addictions: Why Don t They Just Quit? By Shane Porter One of the most frustrating issues

More information

What are Non-Epileptic Seizures?

What are Non-Epileptic Seizures? What are Non-Epileptic Seizures? What Is A Seizure? Cleveland Clinic Epilepsy Center Cleveland Clinic Epilepsy Center, established in 1978, is a national and international pacesetter in the treatment of

More information

Drug Discovery for the Treatment of Addiction. Medicinal Chemistry Strategies

Drug Discovery for the Treatment of Addiction. Medicinal Chemistry Strategies Brochure More information from http://www.researchandmarkets.com/reports/2827009/ Drug Discovery for the Treatment of Addiction. Medicinal Chemistry Strategies Description: With addiction a key target

More information