The United States Senate: An Institutional Bibliography, 1789-Present

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1 The United States Senate: An Initutional Bibliography 1789-present Introduction I. Reference II. Conitutional Structure III. Conitutional Powers IV. Rules a Practice V. Leadership a Parties VI. Committees VII. Adminiration VIII. External Relations IX. Elections X. Contemporary Accounts XI. Seniority a Influence XII. Archiving e Senate XIII. A Guide to Sources Introduction This selective bibliography, compiled by e United States Senate Hiorical Office, is designed to provide general readers a scholars wi a guide to articles, documents, a books on e initutional development of e Senate. In addition to covering e fuamental powers of e Senate, e bibliography includes sources on Senate practices, cuoms, a rules of procedure. While illurative case udies are lied, e bibliography's emphasis is on e hiorical evolution of e initution, not isolated occurrences. Studies on iividuals a e current atus of e Senate have, for e mo part, been excluded. For a comprehensive li of sources on U.S. senators, consult e congressional document, Senators of e United States: A Hiorical Bibliography (1995), which is lied uer e Bibliographies subheading of e Reference section of is bibliography. Also see e on-line Biographical Directory of e U.S. Congress (http://bioguide.congress.gov/). The bibliography contains over six hured sources arranged by subject headings a subheadings. The sources may be lied uer multiple headings if ey cover more an one subject. Uer each heading, e sources are furer divided by e time period of eir fir publication. The publication time periods are , , , a 1990 to e present. The chronological divisions are meant to reveal tres in Senate scholarship as well as to aid researchers intereed in sources published during a particular period. If e source is a reprinted book, e citation will often include e late publication information. Periodically, citations will be added to e bibliography provided at ey meet e criteria determined by e Senate Hiorical Office. Suggeions for additions are encouraged. Se your comments regarding e bibliography to 1

2 I. Reference A. General ( ) Haynes, George H. The Senate of e United States. Two volumes. Boon: Houghton Mifflin Company, Kerr, Clara Hannah Stidham. The Origin a Development of e United States Senate. Iaca, NY: Arus & Church, Lodge, Henry Cabot. The Senate of e United States. In The Senate of e United States a Oer Essays a Addresses Hiorical a Literary. Chapter 1, pp New York: Charles Scribner s Sons, Byrd, Robert C. The Senate, : Addresses on e Hiory of e United States Senate. Volume I a II: Addresses on e Hiory of e United States Senate. Volume III: Vital Speeches, Volume IV: Hiorical Statiics, Washington, DC: GPO, Dole, Bob. Hiorical Almanac of e United States Senate. Washington, DC: GPO, Martis, Kenne. The Hiorical Atlas of Political Parties in e United States Congress, New York: Macmillan, Ornein, Norman J., et al, eds. Vital Statiics on Congress. Washington, DC: Congressional Quarterly, biennial. de Pauw, Lia Grant, et al, eds. Documentary Hiory of e Fir Federal Congress Fourteen volumes. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, Sinclair, Barbara. The Transformation of e U.S. Senate. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, Stubbs, Walter. Congressional Committees, : A Checkli. Wesport, CT.: Greenwood Press, U.S. Congress. Senate. Biographical Directory of e United States Congress, Senate Document Washington, DC: GPO, Bacon, Donald, Roger Davidson, a Morton Keller, eds. The Encyclopedia of e United States Congress. Four volumes. New York: Simon & Schuer,

3 Baker, Richard A. 200 Notable Days: Senate Stories 1787 to Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, Baker, Richard A. Traditions of e United States Senate. Senate Publication Congress. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, Chriianson, Stephen G. Facts About e Congress. New York: Wilson, Congressional Quarterly, Inc. Congress A to Z. Fif Edition. Washington, DC: CQ Press, Congressional Quarterly, Inc. How Congress Works. Four Edition. Washington, DC: CQ Press, Congressional Quarterly's Guide to Congress. Fif Edition. Washington, DC: CQ Press, Davidson, Roger H., a Walter J. Oleszek. The Congress a Its Members. Eigh Edition. Washington, D.C.: CQ Press, Dubin, Michael J. United States Congressional Elections, : The Official Results of e Elections of e 1 Through 105 Congresses. Jefferson, NC: McFarla, Gould, Lewis L. The Mo Exclusive Club: A Hiory of e United States Senate. New York: Basic Books, Harris, Fred R. Deadlock or Decision: The U.S. Senate a e Rise of National Politics. New York: Oxford University Press, Hibbing, John R., a John G. Peters. Studying e U.S. Senate: An Introduction to e Hericks Symposium Papers. Legislative Studies Quarterly 14 (May 1989): Hibbing, John, ed. The Changing World of e Senate. Berkeley, CA: IGS Press, Lasberg, Brian K., ed. Major Acts of Congress. Three volumes. New York: Macmillan Reference USA, Loomis, Burdett A. a Wey J. Schiller. The Contemporary Congress. Fif Edition. Canada: Thomson Wadswor, Polsby, Nelson W., a Eric Schickler. Lamarks in e Study of Congress Since Annual Review of Political Science 5 (2002): Ritchie, Donald A. The Congress of e United States: A Student Companion. Seco edition. New York: Oxford University Press,

4 Silbey, Joel, ed. The Congress of e United States, Twenty ree volumes. Brooklyn: Carlson Publishing, Inc., Reprints of 356 articles published between 1940 a Silbey, Joel H. Encyclopedia of e American Legislative Syem: Studies of e Principal Structures, Processes, a Policies of Congress a e State Legislatures since e Colonial Era. Three volumes. New York: Scribner s Sons, Stais, Stephen W. Lamark Legislation : Major U.S. Acts a Treaties. Washington, D.C.: CQ Press, U.S. Congress. Senate. Guide to Research Collections of Former United States Senators, rd Senate Document Congress, seco session. Washington, DC: GPO, Zelizer, Julian E., ed. The American Congress: The Building of Democracy. Boon: Houghton Mifflin Company, B. Bibliographies ( ) Griffin, Appleton Prentiss Clark. Selected Li of References on Impeachment. Washington, DC: GPO, U.S. Congress. Library of Congress. Li of References on e Treaty-Making Power. Compiled by Herman H. B. Meyer. Washington, DC: GPO, U.S. Congress. Senate. Li of Books, Etc., Treating of e United States Senate. 59 Congress, 1 session. Senate Document No Compiled by A.P.C. Griffin. Washington, DC: GPO, Goehlert, Robert U., a John R. Sayre. The United States Congress: A Bibliography. New York: The Free Press, Hill, Sidney B. Treaty Making Power of e United States, a Bibliographical Guide. Record of e Association of e Bar of e City of New York 9 (February 1954): Kingsley, Thomas C. The Federal Impeachment Process: A Bibliographic Guide to English a American Precedence, Hiorical a Procedural Development, a Scholarly Commentary. Iica, N.Y.: Cornell Law Library, Cornell Universities Libraries, Ripley, Raall B., a Charles Jones. The Role of Political Parties in Congress: A 4

5 Bibliography a Research Guide. Tucson: University of Arizona Press, Slinger, Michael J., Lucy Salsbury Payne, James Lloyd Gates, Jr. The Senate Power of Advice a Consent on Judicial Appointments: An Annotated Research Bibliography. Notre Dame Law Review 64 (1989): Tansill, William Raymo. The Organization of Congress: A Select, Annotated Bibliography on e Organization, Procedure, a Reorganization of Congress. Volume II. Washington, DC: GPO, Mantel, Matew. Congressional Inveigations: A Bibliography. Law Library Journal 100 (2008): U.S. Congress. Senate. Senators of e United States: A Hiorical Bibliography. Senate rd Document Congress, 2 session. Washington, DC: GPO, II. Conitutional Structure A. General ( ) Story, Joseph. Commentaries on e Conitution of e United States. Edited by Melville M. Bigelow. Buffalo: William S. Hein & Co., 1994 (originally published in 1833). Also in: Story, Joseph. Commentaries on e Conitution of e United States: Wi a Preliminary Review of e Conitutional Hiory of e Colonies a States Before e Adoption of e Conitution. Two volumes. Boon: Brown & Little, ( ) Foer, Roger. Commentaries on e Conitution of e United States, Hiorical a Juridical, wi Observations upon e Ordinary Provisions of State Conitutions a a Comparison wi e Conitutions of oer Countries. Boon: Boon Book Company, Hopkins, J. Caell. "The Senate a e House of Lords: A Comparison. American Journal of Politics 5 (November 1894): Hammo, Thomas H., a Gary J. Miller. The Core of e Conitution. American Political Science Review 81 (December 1987): Kurla, Philip B., a Ralph Lerner. Fouers Conitution. Volume II. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, B. Equal Representation (Two Senators Per State) 5

6 ( ) Madison, James. Paper Nos. 62 a 63. In The Federali. Edited by Clinton Rossiter. New York: New American Library, 1961 (originally published 1788). ( ) Baxter, Sylveer. The Representative Inequality of Senators. Nor American Review 177 (December 1903): Hoar, George Frisbie. The Connecticut Compromise: Roger Sherman, e Auor of e Plan of Equal Representation of e States in e Senate, a e Representation of e People in Proportion to Numbers in e House. Worceer, MA: Press of Charles Hamilton, Hol, H. Von. "Ought e United States Senate to be Abolished?" Moni 5 (October 1894): How Can We Secure Better United States Senators? Century 45 (March 1893): Also see: "Better United States Senators." Century 46 (May 1893):156. Ingersoll, L.D. The Reform of e Senate. Lakeside Monly 5 (May 1871): ; 327. Stewart, William M. Misrepresentation in e Senate. Nor American Review 157 (November 1893): Warner, Charles D. The Attack on e U.S. Senate. Century 48 (July 1894): Also see: Brainerd, Cephas. The Senate a e Conitution. Century 48 (Augu 1894): Woody, Carroll H. Is e Senate Unrepresentative? Political Science Quarterly 41 (June 1926): U.S. Congress. Senate. Roger Sherman in e Federal Convention. By Lewis Henry Boutell. In Annual Report of e American Hiorical Association for e Year Miscellaneous Document d Congress, 2 session. Washington, DC: GPO, Jillson, Calvin C. Conitution Making: Conflict a Consensus in e Federal Convention of New York: Agaon Press, Bernein, Robert A. Determinants of Differences in Feelings toward Senators Representing e Same State. Weern Political Quarterly 45 (1992): Bowman, S.J. Wild Political Dreaming: Conitutional Reformation of e United States Senate. Fordham Law Review 72 (March 2004): 35. 6

7 Griffin, John D. Senate Apportionment as a Source of Political Inequality. Legislative Studies Quarterly 31 (Augu 2006): Herrick, Rebekah, a Sue Thomas. Split Delegations in e United States Senate: Social Science Journal 30 (1993): Lee, Frances, a Bruce Oppenheimer. Sizing Up e Senate: The Unequal Consequences of Equal Representation. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, Stephens, G. Ross. Urban Uerrepresentation in e U. S. Senate. Urban Affairs Review 31 (1996): Tseytlin, Misha. The United States Senate a e Problem of Equal State Suffrage. Georgetown Law Journal 94 (March 2006): C. Term ( ) Adams, Charles Francis, Jr. "The Senatorial Term." American Law Review 4 (October 1869): U.S. Congress. Senate. The Term of a Senator: When Does it Begin a E?: Conitution, Laws, a Precedents Pertaining to e Term of a Senator. By Robert Dove. Senate Document Congress, 2 session. Washington, DC: GPO, D. Class Syem ( ) U.S. Congress. Senate. Proceedings of e Senate Relating to e Classification of United States Senators uer e Seco Paragraph of e Third Section of e Fir Article of e Conitution of e United States: Taken from e Journals of e Senate. Compiled by Henry H. Gilfry. 60 Congress, 1 session. Washington, DC: GPO, U.S. Congress. Senate. The Classification of United States Senators. By Floyd M. Riddick. Senate Document Congress, 2 session. Washington, DC: GPO, III. Conitutional Powers A. General ( ) Bryce, James. The Senate as an Executive a Judicial Body. In The American Commonweal. Volume I, chapter 11. Loon: MacMillan a Co., Dickinson, John. The Political Writings of John Dickinson, Esquire, Late President of e State 7

8 of Delaware, a of e Commonweal of Pennsylvania. Wilmington, Del.: Bonsal a Niles, Also in: The Political Writings of John Dickinson, Edited by Paul Leiceer Ford. New York, Da Capo Press, 1970 (reprint of 1895 edition). Ford, Paul Leiceer, ed. Pamphlets on e Conitution of e United States Published During Its Discussion By e People, New York: Burt Franklin, Hamilton, Alexaer. "Speech on e Senate of e United States (1788)." Edited by Henry Cabot Lodge. New York ; Loon : G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1904 (originally published 1885). Story, Joseph. Commentaries on e Conitution of e United States. Edited by Melville M. Bigelow. Buffalo: William S. Hein & Co., Also in: Story, Joseph. Commentaries on e Conitution of e United States: Wi a Preliminary Review of e Conitutional Hiory of e Colonies a States Before e Adoption of e Conitution. Two volumes. Boon: Brown & Little, 1891 (originally published in1833). ( ) Ford, Henry Jones. The Senate. In The Rise a Grow of American Politics. Chapter 21. New York: Da Capo Press, 1967 (originally published 1898). Foer, Roger. Commentaries on e Conitution of e United States, Hiorical a Juridical, wi Observations upon e Ordinary Provisions of State Conitutions a a Comparison wi e Conitutions of oer Countries. Boon: Boon Book Company, Haynes, George H. Planning e Senate in e Federal Convention; Setting Senate Precedents in e Fir Congress. In The Senate of e United States. Volume I, chapters 1-2. Boon: Houghton Mifflin Company, Hoar, George Frisbie. The Connecticut Compromise. Roger Sherman, e Auor of e Plan of Equal Representation of e States in e Senate, a Representation of e People in Proportion to Numbers in e House. Worceer, MA: Press of Charles Hamilton, McCall, Samuel W. "The Power of e Senate." Atlantic Monly 92 (October 1903): Miller, Samuel Freeman. "The Separate Powers of e Senate a House of Representatives." In Lectures on e Conitution of e United States. Littleton, CO : F.B. Roman, 1980 (originally published 1891). Moffett, S. E. Is e Senate Unfairly Conituted? Political Science Quarterly 10 (June 1895): 8

9 Rogers, Lisay. The Senate as an Executive Council. In The American Senate. Chapter 3, pp New York: A.A. Knopf, 1968 (originally published 1926). Moody, William H. "Conitutional Powers of e Senate; A Reply." Nor American Review 174 (March 1902): Reply to A. Maurice Low. The Oligarchy of e Senate. Nor American Review 174 (February 1902): Amer, Vik D. The Senate a e Conitution. Yale Law Journal 97 (May 1988): Baker, Richard Allan. "The Senate of e United States: Supreme Executive Council of e United States." Prologue 21 (Winter 1989): Galloway, George. The Functions of Congress. In Congress at e Crossroads. Pp New York: Thomas Y. Crowell Company, Mayhew, D.R. Supermajority Rule in e U.S. Senate. PS-Political Science & Politics 36 (January 2003): B. Origin, Formation ( ) Maclay, William. Sketches of Debate in e Fir Senate of e United States, in Edited by George W. Harris. Harrisburg: Lane S. Hart, Printer, c1880. Also in: Bickford, Charlene Bangs, Kenne R. Bowling, a Helen E. Veit, eds. The Diary of William Maclay a Oer Notes on Senate Debates. In Bir of e Nation: The Fir Federal Congress Volume IX. Washington, DC: George Washington University, The Fir Federal Congress Project, Madison, James. Notes of Debates in e Federal Convention of Aens, Ohio: Ohio University Press, 1984 (originally published 1840). Shepard, Elliott F. "Equalization of Representation in e United States Senate." New York State Bar Association 2 (1879): ( ) Farra, Max. The Framing of e Conitution of e United States. New Haven a Loon: Yale University Press, 1972 (originally published 1913). Farra, Max, ed. The Records of e Federal Convention of Four volumes. New Haven a Loon: Yale University Press, 1966 (originally published 1911). 9

10 Schulz, George J., ed. Creation of e Senate: From e Proceedings of e Federal Convention. Senate Document Congress, 1 session. Washington, DC: GPO, 1987 (originally published 1937). Woodburn, James Albert. The Senate. In The American Republic a its Government. Chapter 4, pp New York: G. P. Putnam s Sons, 1916 (originally published 1903). Woody, Carroll H. Is e Senate Unrepresentative? Political Science Quarterly 41 (June 1926): Bickford, Charlene Bangs, a Kenne R. Bowling, eds. Bir of e Nation: The Fir Federal Congress Washington, DC: George Washington University, The Fir Federal Congress Project, Kammen, Michael, ed. The Origins of e American Conitution: A Documentary Hiory. New York: Penguin Books, Kurla, Philip B., a Ralph Lerner. Fouers Conitution. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, Main, Jackson Turner. The Upper House in Revolutionary America, Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, Sofaer, Abraham D. War, Foreign Affairs a Conitutional Power. Volume I: The Origins. Cambridge, MA: Ballinger Publishing Company, U.S. Congress. Senate. Bicentennial Commission. A Necessary Fence: The Senate's Fir Century. Washington, DC: Commission on e Bicentennial of e U.S. Senate, Van Doren, Carl. The Great Rehearsal: The Story of e Making a Ratifying of e Conitution of e United States. New York: The Viking Press, Bowling, Kenne R. A Donald R. Kennon, eds. The House a Senate in e 1790's: Petitioning, Lobbying, a Initutional Development. Aens, Ohio: Ohio University Press, Bowling, Kenne R., a Donald R. Kennon, eds. Inventing Congress: Origins a Eablishment of e Fir Federal Congress. Aens, OH: Ohio University Press, Currie, David P. The Conitution in Congress: Democrats a Whigs,

11 Chicago: University of Chicago Press, Currie, David P. The Conitution in Congress: Descent into e Maelrom, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, Currie, David P. The Conitution in Congress: The Federali Period Chicago: University of Chicago Press, Currie, David P. The Conitution in Congress : e Jeffersonians, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, Greenfield, Kent. "Original Penumbras: Conitutional Interpretation in e Fir Year of Congress." Connecticut Law Review 26 (Fall 1993): Swift, Elaine K. The Making of an American Senate: Reconitutive Change in Congress, Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, Wirls, Daniel a Stephen Wirls. The Invention of e United States Senate. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, C. Treaties ( ) Croswell, Simon G. The Treaty-Making Power Uer e Conitution. American Law Review 20 (July-Augu 1886): Jay, John. Paper No. 64. In The Federali. Edited by Clinton Rossiter. New York: New American Library, 1961 (originally published 1788). ( ) Aerson, Chaler P. The Extent a Limitations of e Treaty-Making Power Uer e Conitution. American Journal of International Law 1 (July 1907): Bacon, Auguus O. The Treaty-Making Power of e President a e Senate. Nor American Review 182 (1906): Barrett, James T. International Agreements wiout e Advice a Consent of e Senate. Yale Law Journal 15 (November 1905): Black, Forre R. The United States Senate a e Treaty Power. Rocky Mountain Law Review 4 (November 1931): Boyd, James H. Limitations of e Treaty-Making Power of e President of e United States wi e Concurrent Power of e Senate. Central Law Journal (March 8, 15, 1918): 11

12 ; Fi in: Library of Congress, Microfilm Room, Microfilm no AP Butler, Charles H. The Treaty-Making Power of e United States. New York: Banks Law Publishing Company, Craall, Samuel B. Treaties, Their Making a Enforcement. Washington, DC: J. Byrne & Company, 1904, Cullom, S.M. The Treaty-Making Power. Nor American Review 180 (March 1905): Dangerfield, Royden J. In Defense of e Senate: A Study in Treaty Making. Port Washington, NY: Kennikat Press, Inc., 1966 (originally published 1933). Davis, John W. The Treaty-Making Power in e United States. Loon: Oxford University Press, Dennis, William Cullen. The Arbitration Treaties a e Senate Amements. American Journal of International Law 5 (July 1911): Finch, George A. The Treaty of Peace wi Germany in e United States Senate. American Journal of International Law 14 (January-April 1920): Fleming, Denna Frank. Role of e Senate in Treaty Making: A Survey of Four Decades. American Political Science Review 28 (1934): Fleming, Denna Frank. The Treaty Veto of e American Senate. New York: G.P. Putnam s Sons, Hayden, Ralon. The Senate a Treaties, : The Development of e Treaty-Making Functions of e United States Senate During Their Formative Period. New York: Macmillan, Hayden, Ralon. The States Rights Doctrine a e Treaty-Making Power. American Hiorical Review 22 (April 1917): Haynes, George H. The Senate s Part in Treaty-Making a Foreign Relations. In The Senate of e United States. Volume II, chapter 7. Boon: Houghton Mifflin Company, Holt, W. Stull. Treaties Defeated by e Senate. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press,

13 Hudson, Manley O. The United States Senate a e World Court. American Journal of International Law 29 (April 1935): Jones, Francois Stewart. Treaties a Treaty-Making. Political Science Quarterly 12 (September 1897): Kerr, Clara Hannah Stidham. The Senate as an Executive Body Treaties. In The Origin a Development of e United States Senate. Chapter 4, pp Iaca, NY: Arus & Church, Lodge, Henry Cabot. The Treaty-Making Powers of e Senate. Scribner s Magazine 31 (January 1902): Also in: A Fighting Frigate a Oer Essays a Addresses. Pp New York: Charles Scribner s Sons, McCleon, R. Earl. The Two-Thirds Rule in Senate Actions Upon Treaties, American Journal of International Law 26 (1932): Mikell, William E. The Extent of e Treaty-Making Power of e President a Senate of e United States. University of Pennsylvania Law Review a American Law Regier 57 (April-May 1909): ; Miller, Shackelford. Treaty-Making Power. American Law Review 41 (July-Augu 1907): Ogden, R. The Senate as Treaty-Maker. Nation (1902): 84-. Ogden, R. The U.S. Senate: The Graveyard of Good Treaties. Nation (1900): Pepper, George W. Family Quarrels Over Treaties. In Family Quarrels: The President, e Senate, e House. Chapter 1, pp New York: Baker, Voorhis & Company, Sprout, H.H. Storm Center in Treaty-Making: Veto Power of Senate. American Scholar 7 (April 1938): Tansill, Charles C. The Treaty-Making Powers of e Senate. American Journal of International Law 18 (July 1924): Thompson, B.M. The Power of e Senate to Ame a Treaty. Michigan Law Review 3 (1905): U.S. Congress. Library of Congress. Li of References on e Treaty-Making Power. Compiled by Herman H. B. Meyer. Washington, DC: GPO,

14 Woolsey, Theodore S. Treaty-making uer e United States Conitution. Journal of Social Science 40 (December 1902): Wright, Quincy. The Control of Foreign Relations. American Political Science Review 15 (February 1921): Berman, Daniel M. Appointments a Treaties. In In Congress Assembled: The Legislative Process in e National Government. Chapter 13. (Loon: The Macmillan Company, Collier-Macmillan Limited, 1964): Beor, Arur. Advice From e Very Beginning, Consent When e E is Achieved. American Journal of International Law 83 (1989): Beor, Arur. Respective Roles of Senate a President in e Making a Abrogation of Treaties The Original Intent of e Framers of e Conitution Hiorically Examined. Washington Law Review 55 (1979): Cole, Wayne S. Wi e Advice a Consent of e Senate: The Treaty-Making Process before e Cold War Years. In Congress a United States Foreign Policy: Controlling e Use of Force in e Nuclear Age. Edited by Michael A. Barnhart, Albany: State University of New York Press, Colegrove, Kenne W. The American Senate a World Peace. New York: Vanguard Press, Glennon, Michael J. The Senate Role in Treaty Ratification. American Journal of International Law. 77 (April 1983): Hill, Sidney B. Treaty Making Power of e United States, a Bibliographical Guide. Record of e Association of e Bar of e City of New York 9 (February 1954): Fischer, Robert. Henry Cabot Lodge a e Taft Arbitration Treaties. Sou Atlantic Quarterly 78 (1979): Heiel, Richard H., et. al. The Nor Atlantic Treaty in e United States Senate. American Journal of International Law (October 1949): Hewes, James E., Jr. Henry Cabot Lodge a e League of Nations. Proceedings of e American Philosophical Society 114 (Augu 1970): Jones, J. Mervyn. Full Powers a Ratification: A Study in e Development of Treaty-Making Procedure. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press,

15 Lael, Richard L. Struggle for Ratification: Wilson, Lodge, a e Thomson-Urrutia Treaty. Diplomatic Hiory 2 (Winter 1978): McCleon, R. Earl. Violations of Secrecy: Senate Executive Sessions, American Hiorical Review 51 (October 1945): McCluggage, Robert W. The Senate a Iian La Titles, Weern Hiorical Quarterly 4 (October 1970): Mervin, David. Henry Cabot Lodge a e League of Nations. Journal of American Studies 4 (February 1971): Nelson, Raall H. Legislative Participation in e Treaty a Agreement-Making Process. Weern Political Quarterly 13 (March 1960): Rakove, Jack N. Solving a Conitutional Puzzle: The Treatymaking Clause as a Case Study. Perspectives in American Hiory 1 (1984): Reter, Ronald F. President Theodore Roosevelt a e Senate s Advice a Consent to Treaties. In Hiorian 44 (1982): U.S. Congress. Senate. Committee on Foreign Relations. The Role of e Senate in Treaty Ratification. By Morella Hansen. Senate Print Congress, 1 session. Washington, DC: GPO, Vinson, J. Chal. The Parchment Peace: The Senate Defense of e Four-Power Treaty of e Washington Conference. Mississippi Valley Hiorical Review 39 (September 1952): Webb, Richard E. Treaty-Making a e President s Obligation to Seek e Advice a Consent of e Senate wi Special Reference to e Vietnam Peace Negotiations. Ohio State Law Journal (Summer 1970): Wright, Herbert. The Two-Thirds Vote of e Senate in Treaty-Making. American Journal of International Law 38 (October 1944): Auerswald, D., a F. Maltzman. Policymaking Through Advice a Consent: Treaty Consideration by e United States Senate. Journal of Politics 65 (November 2003): Deibel, Terry L. The Dea of a Treaty. Foreign Affairs (5):

16 Evans, C. Lawrence, a Walter J. Oleszek. A Tale of Two Treaties: The Practical Politics of Treaty Ratification in e U.S. Senate. In Congress a e Politics of Foreign Policy. Edited by Colton C. Campbell, et. al. pp Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, Pitsvada, Bernard T. The Senate, Treaties, a National Security, Lanham, MD: University Press of America, U.S. Congress. Senate. Treaties a Oer International Agreements: The Role of e United rd States Senate. Senate Print Congress, 1 session. Washington, DC: GPO, November, Vagts, Detlev F. International Agreements, e Senate a e Conitution. In Politics, Values a Functions: International Law in e 21 Century. Edited by Jonaan I. Charney, et. al. pp Boon: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, D. Nominations 1. General ( ) Hamilton, Alexaer. Federali Paper No. 76; The Same View Continued in Relation to e Appointment of e Officers of e Government. In The Federali. Edited by Clinton Rossiter. New York: New American Library, 1961 (originally published 1788). Whitney, E.B. The Advice a Consent of e Senate. Nation 42 (1886): ( ) Haynes, George H. Senate Advice a Consent to Appointments. In The Senate of e United States. Volume II, chapter 8. Boon: Houghton Mifflin Company, Kerr, Clara Hannah Stidham. The Senate as an Executive Body Appointments. In The Origin a Development of e United States Senate. Chapter 4, pp Iaca, NY: Arus & Church, Pepper, George W. Family Quarrels Over Nominations. In Family Quarrels: The President, e Senate, e House. Chapter 11, pp New York: Baker, Voorhis & Company, Berman, Daniel M. Appointments a Treaties. In In Congress Assembled: The Legislative Process in e National Government. Chapter 13. (Loon: The Macmillan Company, Collier-Macmillan Limited, 1964): Curl, Donald Walter. The Long Memory of e United States Senate. Ohio Hiory 76 (1967): 16

17 Fein, Bruce E. A Circumscribed Senate Confirmation Role. Harvard Law Review 102 (January 1989): Fowler, Doroy G. Congressional Dictation of Local Appointments. Journal of Politics. 7 (1945): Harris, Joseph P. The Advice a Consent of e Senate: A Study of e Confirmation of Appointments by e United States Senate. New York: Greenwood Press, 1968 (originally published 1953). Macmahan, Arur W. Senatorial Confirmation. Public Adminiration Review (Autumn 1943): Nigro, Felix A. Senate Confirmation. Georgetown Law Journal 42 (January 1954): Percy, Charles H. Advice a Consent: A Reevaluation. Souern Illinois University Law Journal 1978 (May1978): DeRouen, Karl, Jr., et al. Presidential Maates a e Dynamics of Senate Advice a Consent, American Politics Research (1): Gerhardt, Michael J. The Federal Appointments Process. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, Sollenberger, Mitchel A. The President 'Shall Nominate': Exclusive or Shared Conitutional Power? Presidential Studies Quarterly 36(4) (2006): Sollenberger, Mitchel A. The President Shall Nominate: How Congress Trumps Executive Power. Lawrence: University of Kansas Press, Judicial a. General ( ) Cole, Kenne C. Judicial Affairs: The Role of e Senate in e Confirmation of Judicial Nominations. American Political Science Review 28 (October 1934): Black, Charles. A Note on Senatorial Consideration of Supreme Court Nominations. Yale Law Journal 79 (March 1970). 17

18 Chase, Harold. Federal Judges: The Appointing Process. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, Danelski, David J. A Supreme Court Juice is Appointed. New York: Raom House, Ferling, John. The Senate a Federal Judges: The Intent of e Fouing Faers. Capitol Studies 2 (Winter 1974): Friedlaer, Robert A. Judicial Selection a e Conitution: What did e Framers Originally Inte? Saint Louis University 8 (1989): Friedman, Richard D. The Transformation in Senate Response to Supreme Court Nominations: From Reconruction to e Taft Adminiration a Beyo. Cardozo Law Review 5 (Fall 1983): Freu, Paul A. Appointment of Juices: Some Hiorical Perspectives. Harvard Law Review 101 (April 1988): Gauch, James E. The Inteed Role of e Senate in Supreme Court Appointments. University of Chicago Law Review 56 (Winter 1989): Ginsburg, Ru Bader. Confirming Supreme Court Juices: Thoughts on e Seco Opinion Reered by e Senate. University of Illinois Law Review 1988 (1988): Kurla, Philip B. The Appointment a Disappointment of Supreme Court Juices. Arizona State University Law Journal: Law a e Social Order 1972 (1972): Manoloff, Richard D. The Advice a Consent of e Congress: Toward a Supreme Court Appointment Process for Our Time. Ohio State Law Journal 54 (1993): Massaro, John. Supremely Political: The Role of Ideology a Presidential Management in Unsuccessful Supreme Court Nominations. Albany: State University of New York Press, Maias, Charles McC. Advice a Consent: The Role of e United States Senate in e Judicial Selection Process. University of Chicago Law Review 54 (Winter 1987): Mitzner, Adam. The Evolving Role of e Senate in Judicial Nominations. Journal of Law a Politics 5 (Winter 1989): Monaghan, Henry Paul. The Confirmation Process: Law or Politics? Harvard Law Review 101 (April 1988):

19 Palmer, Jan. Senate Confirmation of Appointments to e U.S. Supreme Court. Review of Social Economy 41 (1983): Perry, James R. Supreme Court Appointments, : Criteria, Presidential Style, a e Press of Events. Journal of e Early Republic 6 (Winter 1986): Pierce, Carl A. A Vacancy on e Supreme Court: The Politics of Judicial Appointment, Tennessee Law Review (Summer 1972): Rader, Raall R. The Iepeence of e Judiciary: A Critical Aspect of e Confirmation Process. Kentucky Law Journal 77 (Summer 1989): Ross, William G. The Functions, Roles, a Duties of e Senate in e Supreme Court Appointment Process. William a Mary Law Review 28 (Summer 1987): Rotua, Ronald D. The Confirmation Process for Supreme Court Juices in e Modern Era. Emory Law Journal 37 (1988): Ryer, Scott R. Advice a Consent: The Senate s Political Role in e Supreme Court Appointment Process. Utah Law Review 1988 (1988): Schmidhauser, John R., a Larry L. Berg. The Supreme Court a Congress. New York: The Free Press, Segal, Jeffrey. Senate Confirmation of Supreme Court Juices: Partisan a Initutional Politics. Journal of Politics 49 (1987): Simon, Paul. The Senate s Role in Judicial Appointments. Judicature 70 (1986): Slinger, Michael J., Lucy Salsbury Payne a James Lloyd Gates, Jr. The Senate Power of Advice a Consent on Judicial Appointments: An Annotated Research Bibliography. Notre Dame Law Review 64 (1989): Stock, Lia M. That Salutary Reraint: The Senate a e Appointment of Supreme Court Juices. Souweern University Law Review 18 (1989): Sulfridge, Wayne. Ideology as a Factor in Senate Consideration of Supreme Court Nominations. Journal of Politics 42 (May 1980): Thorpe, James A. The Appearance of Supreme Court Nominees Before e Senate Judiciary Committee. Journal of Public Law 18 (1969): Tribe, Laurence H. God Save This Honorable Court: How e Choice of Supreme Court Juices 19

20 Shapes Our Hiory. New York: New American Library, U.S. Congress. Senate. Committee on e Judiciary. Advice a Consent on Supreme Court Nominations. Senate Print Congress, 2 session. Washington, DC: GPO, U.S. Congress. Senate. Committee on e Judiciary. The Supreme Court of e United States: Hearings a Reports on Successful a Unsuccessful Nominations of Supreme Court Juices by e Senate Judiciary Committee, Compiled by Roy M. Mersky a J. Myron Jacobein. Buffalo: W.S. Hein, Supplement: ; Abraham, Henry J. Juices, Presidents, a Senators: A Hiory of e U.S. Supreme Court Appointments from Washington to Clinton. New York: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc., 1999 (originally published in1992). Bell, L.C. Senatorial Discourtesy: The Senate s Use of Delay to Shape e Federal Judiciary. Political Research Quarterly 55 (September 2002): Bell, Lauren Cohen. Warring Factions: Intere Groups, Money, a e New Politics of Senate Confirmation. Columbus: Ohio State University Press, Bier, Sarah A., Anony J. Madonna a Steven S. Smi. Going Nuclear, Senate Style. Perspectives on Politics 5 (2007): Bier, Sarah A. a Forre Maltzman The Limits of Senatorial Courtesy. Legislative Studies Quarterly 24 (February 2004): Bier, Sarah A., a Forre Maltzman. Senatorial Delay in Confirming Federal Judges, American Journal of Political Science (1): Bier, Sarah A. The Senate as a Black Hole? Lessons Learned from e Judicial Appointments Experience. In Innocent Until Nominated: The Breakdown of e Presidential Appointments Process. Edited by C. Calvin Mackenzie. Chapter 6, pp Brookings Initution Press, Bier, Sarah A. Where Do Initutions Come From? Exploring e Origins of e Senate Blue Slip. Studies in American Political Development 21:1 (2007): Burbank, S.B. Politics, Privilege & Power The Senate s Role in e Appointment of Federal Judges. Judicature 86 (July-Augu 2002):

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