Unit 8 Lesson 2 The Byzantine Empire

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1 Unit 8 Lesson 2 The Byzantine Empire

2 Lesson 2 The Byzantine Empire Write the name or term in your notebook and then write the description or clue that best fits or replace the underlined word with the correct term from the word bank Word Bank Justinian Attila Diocletian Theodora Byzantine Constantinople 1. I raided the eastern part of the Roman Empire in the 400s. Who am I? 2. The new capital of the Eastern Roman Empire was called Turkey. 3. I convinced the emperor to stay in Constantinople during riots that threatened to drive him from power. Who am I? 4. The Huns, led by a fearsome leader named Gaul, raided Roman territory in the east. 5. I worked to reunite the Roman Empire and invented a new legal system. Who am I? 6. Emperor Constantine reconquered parts of the fallen empire. 7. I split the Roman Empire into two parts in the late 200s. Who am I? 8. The Germanic Empire arose from the eastern part of the Roman Empire.

3 Generalization: People with common origins can develop in both similar and different ways Big Idea In the Eastern Roman Empire, people created a new society and religious traditions that were very different from those in the west.

4 The Eastern Roman Empire - originally Greek city called Byzantium - became part of the Roman Empire - became capital of the Eastern Roman Empire when empire split - renamed Constantinople City in the perfect location to control trade - where 3 continents meet - describe where was Constantinople located? Between the Black Sea and the Aegean Sea - explain- how did Constantinople become a great trading city? Because of its location, merchants came from all around Europe, Asia and Africa

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6 It may have started as a Roman empire, but did not stay that way - Spoke Greek instead of Latin - Studied Greek, not Roman philosophy - Elements from other cultures because of trade - Government - both had emperors - but Byzantine emperors had more power - could not stand in their presence - head of the church as well as the government - chosen by God to rule -contrast- how were Byzantine emperors different from Roman emperors? In addition to having political power, they were also heads of the Church - explain- how did contact with other cultures help change the Byzantine empire? the common language changed from Latin to Greek, and scholars studied Greek, not Roman philosophy. Constantinople became a great trading center

7 True or False - the Byzantine Empire was similar in most ways to the western Roman Empire - After Justinian s death, the eastern empire began to lose its connections to the old Roman Empire. - the Byzantines thought their emperor had been chosen by God. The Western Roman and Byzantine Empire In the Western Roman Empire - popes and bishops led the church and the emperor led the government - Latin was the main language In the Byzantine Empire - Emperor s led the church and the government - Greek was the main language

8 Had similar entertainments - theatre - public ceremonies - sporting events - mainly chariot racing

9 Byzantine Christianity - art work to honor God - icons - Hagia Sophia - Christianity began to be practiced differently in east and west - Pope and Bishop of Constantinople argued over control - churches eventually split - the eastern church became the Orthodox Church - describe- how did Byzantine artists express their faith? By creating works of religious art including mosaics - make inferences- why did the eastern and western churches develop different practices? They were so far apart that they had little influence on each other and could develop their own practices

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11 His enemies tried to overthrow him in began as street riots - Justinian prepared to flee the city - stopped by his wife Theodora - elaborate- what do you think Theodora s role in the government says about women in the eastern empire? They had some influence in public affairs

12 Justinian (ruled ) - dreamed of reuniting the old Roman Empire - succeeded in taking much of it - but it was lost after his death - Justinian Code - reorganized old laws - removed out-of-date or unchristian laws Code of Hammurabi Twelve Tables (Roman Law) Justinian Code

13 - analyze- who benefited from Justinian s Code? Why? All subjects were guaranteed fair treatment; because the Roman laws were simplified - summarize- what were Justinian s major accomplishments? Unifying the empire, removing out-of-date laws and creating Justinian s Code by simplifying the remaining laws

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17 The Empire - began steady decline after Justinian s death - invasions by outsiders - Persians, barbarian tribes and Muslims - eventually fell to the Ottoman Turks in summarize- how did the empire change after Justinian s death. It was changed by Greek and other non-roman influences

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