Unit 5 Test

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1 Unit 5 Test

2 1. How many days does it take to complete a single Lunar Cycle? A. About 365 B. About 1 C. About 28 D. About 2 weeks 2. Which of these explains the following correctly describes a lunar eclipse? F. A lunar eclipse occurs when the Moon is in its own shadow between the Earth and Sun. G. A lunar eclipse occurs when the Earth's shadow falls on the Moon. H. A lunar eclipse occurs when the Moon's shadow falls on the Sun. J. A lunar eclipse occurs when Mars travels between the Earth and the Moon. 3. Which of the following cause day and night on Earth? A. The rotation of the Moon around the Earth. B. The rotation of the Sun around the Earth. C. The rotation of the Earth around the Sun. D. The rotation of the Earth around its axis. 4. The gravitational pull of the moon has a great effect on the ocean tides found on Earth. How does the daily tidal pattern occur on shorelines? F. The pattern of daily tides occurs regularly every hour. G. Tides move in and out on a regular pattern of every twelve hours with one high and one low tide each day. H. The height of the ocean tides occur in a pattern of every six hours with two high and two low tides each day. J. One day, the ocean tides are high, and then the next day the area will experience low tides 5. If you were looking out into the night sky and noticed that the moon is in its full moon phase, which phase would the people in China see on the same day? A. New moon B. Full moon C. First Quarter D. Last Quarter 6. What season is it in the Southern Hemisphere during January? F. Spring G. Summer H. Fall J. Winter

3 9. Which of the following would be an accurate picture of the Earth during the summer time of the Northern Hemisphere? A. B. 7. Using the lunar cycle diagram above, at which two points will the oceans on earth experience spring tides? C. A. Points A and E B. Points B and H C. Points C and G D. Points D and F D. 8. Using the lunar cycle diagram above, which phase is visible at point B? F. H. 10. In what phase is the Moon during a solar eclipse? G. J. F. Full G. Gibbous H. Quarter J. New

4 Which best explains why the cycle of Moon phases can be seen from Earth? A. The Moon s distance from Earth changes during the month. B. The Moon revolves around Earth. C. The Moon spins on its axis. D. The Moon s axis is tilted. Using the graphic above, identify the resulting tides from the positions of both the Sun and the moon. A. Spring tides B. Fall tides C. Neap tides D. Autumnal tides 12. How much of the Moon s surface is illuminated by the sun at any one time? 14. A student notices that during the summer months his alarm clock wakes him to morning sunshine; however, during the winter his room is dark when the alarm rings at the same hour. What causes this? F. The student is sleeping later during the winter months. G. The tilt of the Earth on its axis. H. The revolution of the moon around the Earth. J. The orbiting of the Sun in the galaxy. F. Half; except during an eclipse. G. It varies throughout the month depending on where the Moon is during its orbit around the Earth. H. Approximately 1/4 of the Moon s surface. J. All of the moon s surface is always illuminated by the sun. 15. Which of the following change occurs as summer becomes fall in the northern hemisphere? A. Nighttime gets longer. B. Nighttime gets warmer. C. Daytime gets longer. D. Daytime gets warmer.

5 Which of the following has the greatest effect on the Earth s tides? F. The Moon s gravitational pull G. The Sun s gravitational pull H. The gravitational pull of Venus J. The gravitational pull of Mars 17. The position of Earth relative to the sun s rays in the diagram above shows that it is F. summer throughout the Northern Hemisphere G. daylight throughout the Northern Hemisphere H. summer throughout the Southern Hemisphere J. daylight throughout the Southern Hemisphere At which latitude can the sun be visible for 24 hours straight in June? A. Arctic Circle B. Tropic of Cancer C. Equator D. Tropic of Capricorn

6 19. Look at the diagrams below. They show the tilt of Earth in relation to the sun during two different times of year. What happens in the hemisphere that is tilted toward the sun? A. The days are longer, and the temperatures are colder. B. The days are shorter, and the temperatures are colder. C. The days are longer, and the temperatures are warmer. D. The days are the same length and the temperatures are the same throughout the hemisphere. 20. The diagram above shows the orbit of the moon around Earth. At which point in the moon s orbit will a person standing on Earth see a waxing crescent moon? F. 1 G. 2 H. 3 J. 4

7 Use the following graphic to answer the next four questions. 21. Between which two points in the diagram above would a waxing gibbous phase of the moon be visible to people on Earth? A. Between W and X B. Between X and Y C. Between Y and Z D. Between Z and W 23. Using the model above, which of the following Moon phases would be present during a neap tide? A. Full B. Gibbous C. Quarter D. New 22. A neap tide is to what a spring tide is to. 24. Which of the following is most accurately portrayed in the above model? F. X and Z; W and Y G. X and W; Y and Z H. W and Y; X and Z J. Y and Z; X and W F. The ratio of the size of the Sun and the Earth G. The ratio of the size of the Moon and the Sun H. The movement of the Earth around the Sun J. The movement of the Moon around the Earth

8 25. Using the diagram above, which of the following events would be experienced on Earth? a. A full Moon b. A lunar eclipse c. A neap tide d. A solar eclipse

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