Characteristics of the Text Genre Fiction Text Structure

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1 LESSON 10 TEACHER S GUIDE by Polly Peterson Fountas-Pinnell Level C Fiction Selection Summary A fussy cat goes to a hat store looking for the perfect hat. After rejecting a number of hats, the cat chooses a fat hat, and then curls up and goes to sleep in it. Number of Words: 85 Characteristics of the Text Genre Fiction Text Structure Content Themes and Ideas Language and Literary Features Sentence Complexity Vocabulary Words Illustrations Book and Print Features Third-person narrative Surprise ending: the cat ends up sleeping in the hat, not wearing it Trying on hats of different shapes and sizes Keep trying until you fi nd what you want. Clear, straightforward language Some repeated sentences with one word changed: I do not want a _ hat. Many longer sentences repeated: I want to get a hat, said Cat. No, Cat said to the man. Dialogue, some split, all assigned Words relating to shape and size: little, tall, fl at, fat Many high-frequency words: I, to, a, said, no Illustrations that support and add to the text Nine pages, with two to four lines of text and one illustration on eight of the pages Sound balloon on the last page Large print and good spacing between words Fountas, I.C. & Pinnell, G.S. Teaching for Comprehending and Fluency, Heinemann, Portsmouth, N.H. Copyright by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company All rights reserved. No part of this work may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying or recording, or by any information storage or retrieval system, without the prior written permission of the copyright owner unless such copying is expressly permitted by federal copyright law. Permission is hereby granted to individual teachers using the corresponding (discipline) Leveled Readers to photocopy student worksheets from this publication in classroom quantities for instructional use and not for resale. Requests for information on other matters regarding duplication of this work should be addressed to Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company, Attn: Contracts, Copyrights, and Licensing, 9400 SouthPark Center Loop, Orlando, Florida Printed in the U.S.A If you have received these materials as examination copies free of charge, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company retains title to the materials and they may not be resold. Resale of examination copies is strictly prohibited. Possession of this publication in print format does not entitle users to convert this publication, or any portion of it, into electronic format. K_299921_AL_LRTG_L10_HatForCat.indd 1 11/3/09 5:36:40 PM

2 by Polly Peterson Build Background Read the title to children and talk with them about what the characters are doing in the cover illustration. Encourage children to use adjectives such as big, tall, green, purple, and furry, to describe the hats in the picture. Then ask: Why would a cat want a hat? Introduce the Text Guide children through the text, noting important ideas, and helping with unfamiliar language and vocabulary so they can read the text successfully. Here are some suggestions: Page 2: Explain that this story is about a cat looking for just the right hat. Suggested language: Turn to page 2. What do you think the cat is doing at the hat store? The author writes: I want to get a hat, said Cat. What letter does the word said start with? Can you hear the /s/? Find the word said on page 2. Page 3: Remind children that they can use information in the pictures to help them read. Look at this picture. How can you tell how the cat feels about this hat? In the last sentence, the cat says: I do not want a little hat. Page 5: Look at the tall hat in the picture on page 5. The word tall starts with what sound? Say /t/. The word tall begins with the letter t. Find the word tall in the second sentence. Page 7: How does the cat feel about this hat? How can you tell? The cat says: I do not want a flat hat. Listen to the fi rst two sounds in the word fl at: /f/ /l/. Now fi nd the word fl at in the second sentence. Now go back to the beginning and read to fi nd out what kind of hat the cat gets. Learn More Words flat tall 2 Lesson 10: K_299921_AL_LRTG_L10_HatForCat.indd 2 11/3/09 5:36:52 PM

3 Read As the children read, observe them carefully. Guide them as needed, using language that supports their problem solving ability. Respond to the Text Personal Response Ask children to share their personal responses to the story. Begin by asking what they liked best about the book, or what they found most interesting. Suggested language: Were you surprised by the ending? Why or why not? Ways of Thinking As you discuss the text, make sure children understand these teaching points: Thinking Within the Text Thinking Beyond the Text Thinking About the Text Cat is looking for just the right hat. Cat doesn t want a little hat, a tall hat, or a flat hat. Cat chooses a fat hat, and then curls up and falls asleep in it. Keep trying until you find what you want. The writer doesn t say why the cat wants the fat hat, but shows it in the picture with a sound balloon that says, Purr! Fountas, I.C. & Pinnell, G.S. Teaching for Comprehending and Fluency, Heinemann, Portsmouth, N.H. Choices for Support Concepts of Print Help children understand that a sentence is a group of words with ending punctuation. Point out that the ending punctuation in includes periods and exclamation points. Model how to read a sentence ending with an exclamation point. Also model how to read the sound balloon text, Purr! on page 10. Phonemic Awareness and Word Work Provide practice as needed with words and sounds, using one of the following activities: Listening Game Have children listen for words that rhyme. Have children raise their hands if the words rhyme, and keep their hands in their laps if the words do not rhyme. Say pairs of words, for example: cat and hat, little and like, fl at and fat, tall and wall, purr and her, etc. Blend the Sounds Say words sound by sound and ask children to say the words. Begin with /h/ /ă/ /t/. What is the word? (hat) Continue with these words: /f/ /l/ /ă/ /t/ (fl at), /c/ /ă/ /t/ (cat), /s/ /ĕ/ /d/ (said) and /f/ /ă/ /t/ (fat). ABC Order Materials: magnetic or cardboard letters or letter cards Have children choose letters and put them in ABC order. 3 Lesson 10: K_299921_AL_LRTG_L10_HatForCat.indd 3 11/3/09 5:37:05 PM

4 Writing About Reading Critical Thinking Read the directions for children on BLM 10.4 and guide them in answering the questions. Responding Read aloud the questions at the back of the book and help children complete the activities. Target Comprehension Skill Story Structure Tell children that a story is made up of many parts. Stories have settings, characters, and events. Model how to think about the structure of this story. Think Aloud This story mostly takes place in a hat store, although on the last page, Cat may be at home. The characters are Cat and the hat salesman. This is what happens. The hat salesman gives Cat many hats to try on: first, a little hat; next, a tall hat; and then a flat hat. Finally, Cat tries on a fat hat and loves it. So Cat curls up and goes to sleep in it. Practice the Skill Have children choose another story and tell about the settings, characters, and events in that story. Writing Prompt Read aloud the following prompt. Have children write their response, using the writing prompt on page 6. What do you learn about Cat from how he acts in the story? Write about what you think. Explain your answer. 4 Lesson 10: K_299921_AL_LRTG_L10_HatForCat.indd 4 11/3/09 5:37:22 PM

5 English Language Learners Front-Load Vocabulary Make sure children know the meanings of the following adjectives: little, tall, flat, fat. Use the illustrations of the different hats as examples of the adjectives meanings. Oral Language Development Check the children s comprehension, using a dialogue that best matches their English proficiency level. Speaker 1 is the teacher, Speaker 2 is the child. Beginning/ Early Intermediate Intermediate Early Advanced/ Advanced Speaker 1: What does Cat want to get? Speaker 2: a hat Speaker 1: What kind of hat is on page 3? Speaker 2: little Speaker 1: What kind of hat does Cat get? Speaker 2: fat Speaker 1: What kind of hat does the man give the cat on page 5? Speaker 2: a tall hat Speaker 1: What kind of hat does Cat want in the end? Speaker 2: a fat hat Speaker 1: What hats didn t Cat want? Speaker 2: He didn t want little, tall, or flat hats. Speaker 1: What does Cat do with his fat hat? Speaker 2: Cat gets in the hat and sleeps. Name Date Lesson 10 BLACKLINE MASTER 10.4 Children look at the pictures and circle the one that answers the question. 1. Which hat did the cat choose? Children draw a picture of the hat they would pick for the cat. 2. Read directions to children.. All rights reserved. 6, Unit 2: Show and Tell 5 Lesson 10: K_299921_AL_LRTG_L10_HatForCat.indd 5 7/27/09 9:30:15 AM

6 Name Date What do you learn about Cat from how he acts in the story? Write about what you think. Explain your answer. 6 Lesson 10: K_299921_AL_LRTG_L10_HatForCat.indd 6 7/27/09 9:30:16 AM

7 Name Date Lesson 10 BLACKLINE MASTER 10.4 Children look at the pictures and circle the one that answers the question. 1. Which hat did the cat choose? Children draw a picture of the hat they would pick for the cat Lesson 10: K_299921_AL_LRTG_L10_HatForCat.indd 7 7/27/09 9:30:18 AM

8 Student LEVEL C Date Lesson 10 BLACKLINE MASTER 10.8 Running Record Form page Selection Text Errors Self-Corrections 2 I want to get a hat, said Cat. 3 No, Cat said to the man. I do not want a little hat. 4 I want to get a hat, said Cat. 5 No, Cat said to the man. I do not want a tall hat. 6 I want to get a hat, said Cat. Comments: Accuracy Rate (# words read correctly/50 x 100) % Self-Correction Rate (# errors + # Self-Corrections/ Self-Corrections) 1: Behavior Code Error Read word correctly cat 0 Repeated word, sentence, or phrase Omission cat 0 cat 1 Behavior Code Error Substitution cut cat 1 Self-corrects cut sc cat Insertion the ˆcat 1 Word told T 1 cat Lesson 10: K_299921_AL_LRTG_L10_HatForCat.indd 8 12/4/09 10:47:10 PM

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