TEACHING Landforms. 1st Grade Reading Level. ISBN Blue

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1 TEACHING GUIDE TEACHING Landforms 1st Grade Reading Level ISBN Blue

2 2 TEACHING LANDFORMS Standards Language Arts Earth Science Geography Demonstrates competence in the general skills and strategies of the reading process. Demonstrates competence in the general skills and strategies for reading a variety of informational texts. Demonstrates competence in the general skills and strategies of the writing process. Demonstrates competence in the stylistic and rhetorical aspects of writing. Uses grammatical and mechanical conventions in written compositions. Gathers and uses information for research purposes. Demonstrates competence in speaking and listening as tools for learning. Understands Earth s composition and structure. Understands the characteristics and uses of maps, globes, and other geographic tools and technologies. Knows the location of places, geographic features, and patterns of the environment. Understands the physical and human characteristics of place. Multiple Intelligences Utilized linguistic, logical-mathematical, spatial, interpersonal, and naturalistic Copyright 2008 by Lerner Publishing Group, Inc. All rights reserved. International copyright secured. Student pages may be reproduced by the classroom teacher for classroom use only, not for commercial resale. No other part of this teaching guide may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise without the prior written permission of Lerner Publishing Group, Inc., except for the inclusion of brief quotations in an acknowledged review. Books in the Landforms series include: Coasts Islands Mountains Plains Plateaus Valleys LernerClassroom A division of Lerner Publishing Group, Inc. 241 First Avenue North Minneapolis, MN U.S.A Website address: Manufactured in the United States of America IG

3 TEACHING LANDFORMS 3 Lesson 1 Label the Landforms Purpose: Students will identify and label a variety of landforms and the animals that live there. Materials Landforms books landforms diagrams pp animals p. 11 Objectives Define the word landform. Identify various landforms. Explain the features of various landforms. Distinguish landforms from each other. Label landforms on a diagram. Explain similarities and differences among landforms. Activity Procedures pencils crayons scissors glue Prepare Copy landforms diagrams pp and animals p. 11 for each student. Pretest (teacher, students) What is a landform? Define landform for the students. (A landform is a natural feature of the earth s surface.) List some landforms you know. Model Show students how to cut out the animal pictures and landform labels on landforms diagrams pp and animals p. 11. Explain how students should color the landforms diagrams and glue the labels and the animals to the correct landforms. Label one landform together as a class. Practice (students) Each student will color the landforms diagrams on pp and the animals on p. 11. They will cut out the animals and landform labels and add them to the appropriate landforms. Encourage students to add additional plants, animals, and people to their diagrams. Discuss As a class, discuss where students placed each label and animal. Were any of the landforms confusing to label? Which ones? Why? How are some of the landforms related? Evaluate Assess each student s ability to accurately label the landforms on landforms diagrams pp Students may take their landforms diagrams home to share with their families, or you may have them explain the diagrams to students in another grade. Read Read the Landforms books. This may take several days. Review what students have learned about each landform after reading the books.

4 4 TEACHING LANDFORMS Lesson 2 Make a Relief Map Purpose: Students will create relief maps to demonstrate understanding of landform concepts. Pretest (students) What does a mountain look like? How about a plateau? (Ask about the other landforms as well.) How could we show someone what these landforms look like? Read Read all of the books in the Landforms series. Materials Landforms books cardboard, shoe boxes, and/or other building materials scissors paint brushes salt dough (see recipe below) acrylic paints painting T-shirts or smocks newspaper Model Show students the sample relief map you created. Model how to create specific features of the map using cardboard, salt dough, and other building materials. Once students maps are complete and dry, show them how to paint the maps. Objectives Recall various kinds of landforms. Discuss the features of each landform. Construct a relief map. Identify the features of a map. Explain the features of a map. Assess understanding of landform concepts. Activity Procedures Prepare Prepare an area for relief map construction and painting. Cover the area with newspaper or plastic. Divide students into small groups for the relief map activity. Prepare a sample relief map. Prepare salt dough just before the students are to use it, or prepare it ahead of time and store it in sealed plastic bags so it won t dry out. Salt Dough Recipe: 1 cup salt cups water 3 cups flour Dissolve salt in water. Gradually stir in flour until it forms a soft dough. Practice (small groups) In small groups, students will create their own relief maps, showing each of the following landforms: coast, mountain, plain, plateau, valley, and island. Paint maps once they dry. (This will take several days to complete.) You may wish to have each group create one of the landforms, and then put them all together to make a single large relief map. Discuss Are all of the landforms represented on your map? Show the class the different features. Evaluate (class, teacher) What did you like most about this project? What did you like least? How did this project help you better understand the landforms? Teacher will assess each group s map for understanding of the landforms. Display the relief map in a hall or school display case. (You may wish to have students add labels before displaying.)

5 TEACHING LANDFORMS 5 Lesson 3 Make a Volcano Purpose: Students will demonstrate how volcanic eruptions can make mountains grow. Materials Mountains and Islands books Volcano Worksheet p. 12 cardboard tape scissors newspaper flour Objectives Define key terms from the texts. Explain what happens when a volcano erupts. Construct a volcano model. Demonstrate a volcanic eruption using a model. Explain how a volcanic eruption can make a mountain grow. Compare an experiment to a real volcanic eruption. Activity Procedures water acrylic paints paint brushes paint shirts or smocks glue or another thick, quick-drying liquid (e.g. flour and water mixture) squeeze bottles Prepare Prepare an area for volcano construction and painting. Cover the area with newspaper or plastic. Make a sample volcano. Cut holes in the center of cardboard pieces, large enough to fit a squeeze bottle inside. (You will need one for each student pair or small group.) Divide the class into small groups or pairs. Make paper-máché. Combine flour and water until the mixture is the consistency of thick glue. Pretest (students) How do mountains form? How do islands form? Define the terms volcano and eruption. Read Read Mountains and Islands. Model Show students your volcano model. Explain the steps for making the volcano. You may wish to have students create their models along with you, step-by-step. Practice (pairs or small groups) Build volcanoes: Step 1 Make a cone out of newspaper. Make sure the opening at the top is not too large. Tape the end of the newspaper to the side of the cone so it keeps its shape. Step 2 Tape the cone to the cardboard base so the large end is over the hole. Step 3 Dip strips of newspaper into the papermáché mixture and cover the entire cone. Extend the paper-máché onto the base to hold the volcano in place. Let dry overnight. Step 4 When paper-máché is dry, paint the volcanoes. Let dry overnight. Step 5 Make your volcanoes erupt. Fill a squeeze bottle with glue or a flour and water mixture. Hold the squeeze bottle inside the volcano and gently squeeze so the liquid oozes up and out of the volcano s mouth. Observe how the liquid makes a shell on top of the volcano rather than soaking in. Discuss What happened when your volcanoes erupted? How do eruptions make mountains grow? Evaluate (teacher, students) Students will complete Volcano Worksheet p. 12, and teacher will assess for understanding.

6 6 TEACHING LANDFORMS Lesson 4 Explore a Landform Purpose: Students will research specific landforms to determine what kinds of activities people could do there. Materials Landforms books additional books/ websites about landforms lined paper Objectives Research a specific landform. Discuss the features of a landform. Determine the kinds of activities people could do on a specific landform. Identify an activity the student would like to do on a specific landform. Explain reasons that a specific landform is ideal for a specific activity. Compare different landforms and activities. Activity Procedures drawing paper pencils crayons or markers chalkboard chalk Prepare Gather books and/or bookmark websites about various landforms. Divide students into small groups. Pretest What landforms are near where we live? What kinds of activities can people do there? Read (small groups) Each small group will read a different title from the Landforms series. Explore additional books/websites about the landform you read about. As they read, students should write down the kinds of activities people might do on their specific landform. Model (teacher, class) Using one landform as an example, talk about its features. What activities might people do there? List these on the board. Choose a single activity and model how to write a short paragraph about what you would like to do on that landform. Give reasons for wanting to do this activity, and explain why this landform is a good place to do this activity. Discuss (small groups) In their small groups, have students discuss what their landform is like and what activities people might do there. Practice (students) Each student will write a short paragraph about an activity they would like to do on the landform they researched. Students should draw a picture of themselves doing the activity. (You may wish to have students draw before writing so they can use their drawings to guide their writing.) Regroup students so one person from each original group is in each of the new groups (for example, one person will have researched islands, one will have researched valleys, etc.). Have students present their drawings and paragraphs to other members of their group. Evaluate Observe student presentations. Assess each student s paragraph for understanding of the landform and for other features specified (e.g. text-illustration correspondence, capital letters, punctuation, complete sentences, etc.). Make sure students know what you will be assessing before they begin their writing.

7 TEACHING LANDFORMS 7 Lesson 5 Minibooks Purpose: Students will make minibooks to demonstrate knowledge of various landforms. Materials Landforms books minibook template pp pencils crayons or colored pencils Objectives Identify various landforms. Explain the features of specific landforms. Distinguish between landforms. Draw various landforms. Construct a book about landforms. Compare student minibooks. Activity Procedures stapler magazines, glue, and scissors (optional) chalkboard or chart paper chalk or marker Prepare Copy minibook template pp back-to-back, and pp back-to-back for each student. (Align the little triangles at the bottom of each page for copying.) Each student needs one complete book of twelve minipages. Complete an entire minibook with text and drawings or magazine photos. Collect magazines from home (optional). Read Read books from the Landforms series. Model Demonstrate how to make the minibook. First, cut the pages in half on the dotted lines. Fold each strip in half on the solid line. Do this with each minibook template, keeping the cover page and pages three, five, and seven on the outside. Match the templates so that the page numbers are in the correct order. Staple to bind them together. Demonstrate how to complete the minibook: Step 1 Complete a sentence on one of the minipages. You may use words from the list created during the pretest, or your own words. Step 2 Glue a magazine image or draw a picture explaining the sentence. Display your completed minibook for the class. Practice (students) Each student will complete their own minibook. Discuss (class, small groups) Have students share their minibooks with the class or in small groups. Discuss similarities and differences between the minibooks. Evaluate Display minibooks and evaluate for understanding. Pretest Brainstorm a list of words that remind you of landforms. List these on the chalkboard or chart paper.

8 8 TEACHING LANDFORMS Additional Resources BOOKS Baines, John D. Coasts. Austin, TX: Raintree Publishers, This book explores various kinds of coasts, the plants and animals that live on them, and how they are beneficial to humans. Bauer, Marion Dane. The Grand Canyon. New York: Simon & Schuster Children s Publishing, Young students will learn about how the Grand Canyon was formed, what people can do there, and more in this illustrated title.. Rocky Mountains. New York: Simon & Schuster Children s Publishing, This illustrated book explains how the Rocky Mountains were formed and describes the animals that call them home. Fowler, Allan. Living on the Plains. New York: Scholastic Library Publishing, This early reader introduces students to the Great Plains and other U.S. prairies. With color photographs. Oldershaw, Cally. Atlas of Geology and Landforms. New York: Scholastic Library Publishing, This reference book is filled with information about the earth, inside and out. Salzmann, Mary Elizabeth. In a Valley. Minneapolis: ABDO Publishing Company, This photo-filled book uses simple, repetitive text to teach beginning readers all about valleys, including features of valleys and the organisms that live there. Zoehfeld, Kathleen Weidner. How Mountains Are Made. New York: HarperCollins Publishers, Students will learn how various kinds of mountains are formed. Photos and illustrations reinforce simple explanations, and child characters add to the appeal. WEBSITES Face of the Earth This site describes various landforms on Earth, kinds of rock, the rock cycle, and it has studentfriendly earth science games, as well as a glossary. FOSSweb Landforms index.html Teachers and students can learn about various landforms and view photos at this informative site. Landforms Glossary Enchanted Learning landforms/glossary.shtml Line drawings accompany descriptions of various landforms. Types of Land types_of_land_2/ This educational site has photos and explanations of various landforms. What s It Like Where You Live? Explore various habitats and landforms. This site offers simple descriptions as well as color photographs.

9 9 Teaching Landforms Name

10 10 Teaching Landforms Name

11 11 animals coast island mountain plains plateau valley Teaching Landforms

12 12 Volcano Worksheet Name How did you make your volcano? Write or draw your answer in the box below. What happened when the volcano erupted? Write or draw your answer in the box below. How do some mountains grow? Write your answer on the lines below. Teaching Landforms

13 13 Valleys live. 4 on islands. 13 Landforms by Teaching Landforms

14 14 I would like to explore live. 14 on mountains. 3 Mountains I would like to. Teaching Landforms 2 there. 15

15 15 Plateaus live. 8 on plateaus. 9 Islands live. Teaching Landforms 12 in valleys. 5

16 16 Coasts live. 10 on plains. 7 Plains live. Teaching Landforms 6 on coasts. 11

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